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1.
Molecules ; 27(16)2022 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36014313

RESUMO

Natural products remain important repositories of promising therapeutic candidates due to their rich chemical and biological diversity [...].


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos , Beleza , Biodiversidade , Humanos
2.
PLoS One ; 17(8): e0272923, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35969525

RESUMO

Although it is well established that cosmetic makeup enhances perceived facial attractiveness, few studies have examined whether facial makeup modulates neural responses to face images. This study investigated behavioral and attractiveness-related brain responses to self-applied makeup, focusing on the N170, early posterior negativity, P300, and late positive potential components of event-related brain potentials. A total of 77 Japanese women participated in two experiments (N = 34 and 43 for Experiments 1 and 2, respectively). Experiment 1 assessed the effects of self-applied makeup on attractiveness-related event-related potential amplitudes using facial images during a makeup identification task in which makeup was directly relevant to task demands. Experiment 2 examined the effects of self-applied makeup using images of one's own face and another female's face when performing a gender classification task, where the presence of makeup had no explicit connection to facial gender classification. In both experiments, faces with makeup were rated as more attractive and elicited more negative early posterior negativity and more positive late positive potential components, regardless of the participant's own face or another person's face. These findings suggest that people are spontaneously motivated to pay visual attention to faces with makeup, which supports the idea that makeup adds reward value to the facial appearance of the human. Moreover, neural evidence empirically confirmed that the benefits of makeup are not just limited to how others see your face but also extend to how you see your own face.


Assuntos
Beleza , Cosméticos , Mapeamento Encefálico , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Face , Feminino , Humanos
3.
Acta Psychol (Amst) ; 228: 103663, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816868

RESUMO

Since large eyes are often perceived to enhance facial attractiveness, many individuals are motivated to change their eyes' appearance. Colored contact lenses are often used by young women to darken the limbal rings of their irides, to increase their facial attractiveness. Among Westerners, wearing contact lenses with limbal rings enhances facial attractiveness; a similar effect might exist for East Asians whose irides are darker; although, the mechanism underlying these preferences in Westerners and East Asians might differ. In this study, we investigated whether larger irides increased the attractiveness of Japanese and Chinese women, and whether this effect was accompanied by changes in perceived friendliness or youthfulness. We manipulated eye size by enlarging only the iris or the whole eye, and asked participants to rate face stimuli in terms of facial attractiveness, friendliness, and youthfulness. We found that larger irides enhanced not only attractiveness but also perceived youthfulness and friendliness, and that there was a significant correlation between attractiveness and friendliness. Further, iris-enlarged faces were perceived as more attractive even when the iris was originally dark, as enlarged dark irides were confused with dilated pupils, which are often perceived as a sign of attraction.


Assuntos
Beleza , Iris , Asiáticos , China , Feminino , Humanos , Japão
4.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 21(7): s3, 2022 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35816070

RESUMO

As dermatologists, patients often seek our advice for recommendations of cosmetic and beauty care products, particularly those available over-the-counter. The growth in this segment has been tremendous despite the pandemic.


Assuntos
Cosméticos , Envelhecimento da Pele , Beleza , Humanos , Pele , Vitamina A
5.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 25(8): 481-488, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35796715

RESUMO

The current literature on nonidealized media content (i.e., content that presents media models that do not follow traditional beauty standards) rarely includes novel positive body image outcomes, such as a broad conceptualization of beauty. Moreover, little is known about more positively oriented explanatory mechanisms, such as inspiration (i.e., feeling inspired by media to adopt a broader inner conception of beauty). Therefore, the current cross-sectional survey study among 458 women aged 19-30 years old (M = 22.76, SD = 2.64) investigated the links between exposure to nonidealized content on different media platforms, inspiration, and a broad conceptualization of beauty. Conditional process analysis, using Hayes' PROCESS tool, was performed. Our results indicated that exposure to nonidealized content through Instagram posts of influencers/celebrities as well as magazine articles was positively linked to women's broader conceptualization of beauty. Inspiration was also found to be a significant mediator in these relationships. Moreover, inspiration was found to fully mediate the relationship between exposure to nonidealized content through companies' Instagram posts and a broad conceptualization of beauty. No relationships were found for exposure to nonidealized content through television series or movies. These results highlight how nonidealized media models can optimally empower media users, as well as how some media platforms might have a greater potential to fulfill this empowering role than others. The findings inform practitioners of the relevance of including nonidealized media content in intervention programs.


Assuntos
Beleza , Mídias Sociais , Adulto , Imagem Corporal , Formação de Conceito , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
6.
Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can ; 42(7): 288-300, 2022 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês, Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35830218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Engagement with the natural environment is a meaningful activity for many people. People living in long-term care facilities can face barriers to going outdoors and engaging in nature-based activities. In response to needs expressed by our long-term care facility resident partners, we examined the feasibility and benefits of a co-designed hydroponic and raised-bed gardening program. METHODS: Our team of long-term care facility residents, staff and researchers co-designed and piloted a four-month hydroponic and raised-bed gardening program along with an activity and educational program, in 2019. Feedback was gathered from long-term care facility residents and staff through surveys (N = 23 at baseline; N = 23 at follow-up), through five focus groups (N = 19: n = 10 staff; n = 9 residents) and through photovoice (N = 5). A qualitative descriptive approach was applied to focus group transcripts to capture a rich account of participant experiences within the naturalistic context, and descriptive statistics were calculated. RESULTS: While most residents preferred to go outside (91%), few reported going outside every day (30%). Program participants expressed their joy about interacting with nature and watching plants grow. Analyses of focus group data generated the following themes: finding meaning; building connections with others through lifelong learning; impacts on mental health and well-being; opportunities to reminisce; reflection of self in gardening activities; benefits for staff; and enthusiasm for the program to continue. CONCLUSION: Active and passive engagement in gardening activities benefitted residents with diverse abilities. This fostered opportunity for discussions, connections and increased interactions with others, which can help reduce social isolation. Gardening programs should be considered a feasible and important option that can support socialization, health and well-being.


Assuntos
Jardinagem , Assistência de Longa Duração , Beleza , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração/psicologia , Amor , Casas de Saúde
7.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 12194, 2022 07 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35842462

RESUMO

Facial colour characteristics convey vital personal information and influence social interactions and mate choices as contributing factors to perceived beauty, health, and age. How various colour characteristics affect facial preference and whether there are cultural differences are not fully understood. Here, we provide a useful and repeatable methodology for skin colour research based on a realistic skin model to investigate the effect of various facial colour characteristics on facial preference and compare the role of colour predictors in Caucasian (CA) and Chinese (CN) samples. Our results show that, although the average skin colour of facial areas plays a limited role, together with colour variation and contrast, there are stronger links between colour and facial preference than previously revealed. We also find large cultural differences in facial colour perceptions; Chinese observers tend to rely more heavily on colour and lightness cues to judge facial preference than Caucasian observers.


Assuntos
Beleza , Face , China , Cor , Humanos , Brancos
8.
BMC Pediatr ; 22(1): 339, 2022 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35690742

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Obesity is considered to be one of the most important factors reducing the sense of happiness and satisfaction with life, especially among women. This belief already exists in middle childhood, as the preschool period is a crucial point in the development of attitudes towards beauty. Preschoolers can identify physically attractive individuals, and they might already form attributions regarding the looks of adults (especially women), which in turn may constitute a foundation for their future concept of beauty-related happiness. Children's attitudes towards the body are also strongly influenced by the content of gender stereotypes that prescribe and proscribe what women and men should look like. In our study, we aimed to analyse the relationship between associations of obesity and happiness made by preschool girls and boys (5-year-olds). METHODS: A total of 680 families with five-year-old children (329 girls, 351 boys; Mage = 5.7 years) and both parents took part in the study. Children's associations of different types of body sizes with perceptions of happiness were measured with the Beauty & Health pictorial scale. RESULTS: Our results indicate that obese bodies were seen as unattractive, independent of gender (p < .001). Children associated looks with happiness-the body type identified as the most physically attractive was also seen as a happiest person. Lowest happiness scores were also ascribed to obese body types, but girls assessed men with a normal body type as happier than boys (t = 2.87, p = .004). CONCLUSIONS: Female bodies are already perceived along gender stereotypical lines at the age of 5, and are also related to potential predictions concerning women's happiness. Children assessed female individuals with slim bodies, as well as those with normal weight, as happier than obese females.


Assuntos
Beleza , Felicidade , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Pais
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682359

RESUMO

An emergent body of evidence shows the impact of exposure to nature on prosocial attitudes and interpersonal relationships. This study examines relationships between green space (GS) attendance, perceived beauty of the space, perceived crowdedness of the space, and prosocial behavior. A cross-sectional study with snowball sampling was conducted in April 2020. All participants (N = 1206) responded to an online survey that included a French version of the social value orientation slider measure (used as a proxy for prosocial behavior), questions about the lockdown, and their GS attendance. After retaining only participants who had visited a GS at least once since the beginning of their lockdown (N = 610), multiple linear regressions showed that social orientation scores demonstrated associations with the interaction between GS attendance and perceived crowdedness of the GS, suggesting that attending low crowded GS is linked to increasing prosociality. These results provide insight into the roles that GS can have during a health crisis and suggest some practical implications.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Parques Recreativos , Beleza , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais
10.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 69(9): e29844, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35719014

Assuntos
Beleza , Feminino , Humanos
11.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 10666, 2022 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739137

RESUMO

Is art appreciation universal? Previous evidence suggests a general preference for representational art over abstract art, and a tendency to like art originating from one's own culture more than another culture (an ingroup bias), modulated by art expertise. However, claims about universality are difficult given that most research has focused on Western populations. Across two pre-registered and statistically powered experiments, we explore the role of culture and art expertise in the aesthetic evaluation of Indian and Western paintings and dance depicting both abstract and representational content, by inviting expert and art-naïve Indian and Western participants to rate stimuli on beauty and liking. Results suggest an ingroup bias (for dance) and a preference for representational art (for paintings) exists, both modulated by art expertise. As predicted, the ingroup bias was present only in art-naïve participants, and the preference for representational art was lower in art experts, but this modulation was present only in Western participants. The current findings have two main implications: (1) they inform and constrain understanding of universality of aesthetic appreciation, cautioning against generalising models of empirical aesthetics to non-western populations and across art forms, (2) they highlight the importance of art experience as a medium to counter prejudices.


Assuntos
Beleza , Pinturas , Emoções , Estética , Humanos
12.
Acta Biomed ; 93(S1): e2022126, 2022 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35671116

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: in a historical moment where there is an increasing use of beauty center, we report a case of necrotizing fasciitis occurred after a pedicure, with the aim of clarifying the safety of these aesthetic treatments. CASE REPORT: we discuss a case of left foot necrotizing fasciitis as consequence of removing a plantar callus. The patient is a 49 years old man; he is hypertensive, and diabetic not controlled. We report our experience showing the clinical manifestation and the tricky profile of the patient; then we reflect on the safety profiles of these aesthetic treatments. DISCUSSION: some bacterial infections of soft tissue after pedicure and manicure are reported in Literature. Mycobacteria seems to play a prevalent role, mostly after a peculiar practice of "fish pedicure". Our experience shows how the combination between a patient with complicated profile and poor hygienic measures can have catastrophic consequences. CONCLUSION: the aim of this article is to raise awareness on the serious consequences that can arise from banal aesthetic procedures. Furthermore, we want to recommend more control over these treatments performed in Beauty Salon, considering the large turnout of people, even clinically sensitive.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Diabetes Mellitus , Fasciite Necrosante , Beleza , Fasciite Necrosante/etiologia , Fasciite Necrosante/terapia , Humanos , Masculino
13.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(5): 1431-1435, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35758512

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Facial proportionality and symmetry are positively associated with perceived levels of facial attractiveness. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to confirm and extend the association of proportionality with perceived levels of attractiveness and character traits and determine differences in attractiveness and character ratings between "anomalous" and "typical" faces using a large dataset. METHODS: Ratings of 597 unique individuals from the Chicago Face Database were used. A formula was developed as a proxy of relative horizontal proportionality, where a proportionality score of "0" indicated perfect proportionality and more negative scores indicated less proportionality. Faces were categorized as "anomalous" or "typical" by 2 independent reviewers based on physical features. RESULTS: Across the ratings for all faces, Spearman correlations revealed greater proportionality was associated with attractiveness ( ρ = 0.292, P < 0.001) and trustworthiness ( ρ = 0.193, P < 0.001), while lesser proportionality was associated with impressions of anger (ρ = 0.132, P = 0.001), dominance (ρ = 0.259, P < 0.001), and threateningness ( ρ = 0.234, P < 0.001). Mann-Whitney U tests revealed the typical cohort had significantly higher levels of proportionality (-13.98 versus -15.14, P = 0.030) and ratings of attractiveness (3.39 versus 2.99, P < 0.001) and trustworthiness (3.48 versus 3.35, P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that facial proportionality is not only significantly associated with higher ratings of attractiveness, but also associated with judgements of trustworthiness. Proportionality plays a role in evoking negative attributions of personality characteristics to people with facial anomalies.


Assuntos
Beleza , Face , Humanos , Julgamento , Percepção Social
14.
CMAJ ; 194(24): E865-E866, 2022 06 20.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35724995

Assuntos
Beleza , Estética , Humanos
15.
Body Image ; 41: 432-442, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35533521

RESUMO

Latinx women face a myriad of unique pressures to meet unrealistic standards of beauty that are not captured in the dominant, Eurocentric framework of beauty and body image in the U.S. The majority of the extant body image literature represents the experiences of White women and overlooks salient body areas that women of color may experience dissatisfaction with. The present researchers employed a convergent-parallel mixed methods design to examine demographic differences as well as the lived experiences of Latinx women's relationship with beauty and their bodies. Quantitative results from 118 participants revealed that Latinx women with an annual income< 60k (54.2%) reported a higher discrepancy between their actual and ideal buttock size compared to Latinx women with an annual income> 60k (45.8%). Furthermore, a thematic analysis revealed four emergent themes that reflected the unique perceptions and lived experiences of 98 Latinx women's experiences with body image. Findings may assist clinicians working with Latinx women, as they will be able to better understand and integrate relevant cultural aspects of body dissatisfaction when working with Latinx clients.


Assuntos
Beleza , Insatisfação Corporal , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Formação de Conceito , Feminino , Humanos
16.
Body Image ; 41: 453-459, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35569366

RESUMO

The literature on body image ramifications of girls' uses of appearance-focused social media (ASM) is limited, and even non-existing in terms of TikTok uses. With this brief report, we aimed to fill this gap in the literature by analyzing three waves of data on girls' ASM use and body image-related constructs (i.e., internalization of beauty ideals and body image self-discrepancy) using random-intercept cross-lagged panel models (RI-CLPMs). The total sample consisted of 229 girls (Mage = 15.12, SD = 1.50). Controlling for age and body mass index (BMI), the RI-CLPMs revealed that neither TikTok nor Instagram were predictive of subsequent increases or decreases in internalization of beauty ideals and body image self-discrepancy. Lower scores on body image self-discrepancy at W2 (i.e., wanting to have a thinner body) did predict higher uses of Instagram at W3. No evidence for between-person effects was garnered. The results enrich our knowledge on long-term implications of girls' Instagram and TikTok use for their body image. They further underline the need for research that more specifically disentangles the role of different appearance-related activities on social media and their impact on girls' body image constructs.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Beleza , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos
17.
Brain Behav ; 12(6): e2561, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35546305

RESUMO

Facial attractiveness judgment largely depends on the characteristics of the facial structure and the personality of the observer. However, little is known about the influence of contextual variations on facial attractiveness. In this electroencephalogram study, participants judged the attractiveness of faces presented individually or in pairs with either a higher-attractive face (HAF) or lower-attractive face (LAF). The attractiveness judgment rating of the target face was significantly higher when presented in pairs with HAFs or LAFs than when presented individually and was accompanied by a larger late positive complex. These results suggest that contextual faces enhance the attractiveness judgment of target faces. Microstate analyses revealed that the global field power (GFP) of state 3 was significantly correlated with the attractiveness judgment in the HAF condition whereas the GFP of state 2 was significantly correlated with the attractiveness judgment in the LAF condition. Interestingly, the GFP of state 2 mediated the relationship between narcissism and facial attractiveness judgment in the context of LAFs. Source location analyses showed that states 3 and 2 activated the superior and middle frontal gyrus, which are involved in emotion processing. Our findings suggest that facial attractiveness can be enhanced by contextual comparison with other faces, subject to personality of the observer.


Assuntos
Beleza , Face , Eletroencefalografia , Humanos , Julgamento , Personalidade
18.
Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci ; 22(5): 904-951, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35589909

RESUMO

This integrative review rearticulates the notion of human aesthetics by critically appraising the conventional definitions, offerring a new, more comprehensive definition, and identifying the fundamental components associated with it. It intends to advance holistic understanding of the notion by differentiating aesthetic perception from basic perceptual recognition, and by characterizing these concepts from the perspective of information processing in both visual and nonvisual modalities. To this end, we analyze the dissociative nature of information processing in the brain, introducing a novel local-global integrative model that differentiates aesthetic processing from basic perceptual processing. This model builds on the current state of the art in visual aesthetics as well as newer propositions about nonvisual aesthetics. This model comprises two analytic channels: aesthetics-only channel and perception-to-aesthetics channel. The aesthetics-only channel primarily involves restricted local processing for quality or richness (e.g., attractiveness, beauty/prettiness, elegance, sublimeness, catchiness, hedonic value) analysis, whereas the perception-to-aesthetics channel involves global/extended local processing for basic feature analysis, followed by restricted local processing for quality or richness analysis. We contend that aesthetic processing operates independently of basic perceptual processing, but not independently of cognitive processing. We further conjecture that there might be a common faculty, labeled as aesthetic cognition faculty, in the human brain for all sensory aesthetics albeit other parts of the brain can also be activated because of basic sensory processing prior to aesthetic processing, particularly during the operation of the second channel. This generalized model can account not only for simple and pure aesthetic experiences but for partial and complex aesthetic experiences as well.


Assuntos
Beleza , Cognição , Encéfalo , Estética , Humanos , Percepção
19.
Artif Life ; 28(1): 108-123, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560018

RESUMO

In the last few years there has been a lively debate on humanoid robots interacting with humans in fields where human appearance and likeness may be essential. The debate has been bolstered by advancing AI technologies as well as increasing economic interest and public attention. The feasibility, inevitability, or ethical opportunity of companionship, love, and sex robots has been discussed. I propose a philosophical and cultural approach, applying the strategies of aesthetics and literary theory to the field of artificial beings, in order to understand reasons, use, limits, and possibilities expressed by the technology applied to companionship, love, and sex robots in the contemporary cultural and social context. In dealing with aesthetics, I will state how cognitive, biological, and ethical aspects are involved, how beauty is relatable to a robot's physical appearance, and how the aesthetics of artificial beings may offer new existential experiences.


Assuntos
Beleza , Robótica , Estética , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Amor
20.
Artif Life ; 28(1): 124-127, 2022 06 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35560169

RESUMO

Paolo Euron's "Uncanny Beauty: Aesthetics of Companionship, Love, and Sex Robots" lays out a vision for appreciating sex robots in aesthetic terms, centering the concept of "beauty" as a measure of what they can inspire culturally and existentially. In these comments I turn toward the field of human-robot interaction and the ethical challenges that inhabit the core of such an aesthetic turn.


Assuntos
Beleza , Robótica , Estética , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Amor
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