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Trop Anim Health Prod ; 53(1): 53, 2021 Jan 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33387053


This study was carried out in Saudi Arabia during the events of the 4th King Abdulaziz Camel Festival, Saudi Arabia. It was designed to describe the most frequent locations of injected cosmetic fillers in the head region as well as the ultrasound features of the injected material. Apparently healthy camels (Camelus dromedarius) (n = 11,626) were thoroughly examined for injection of cosmetic fillers in the head region. In parallel, 30 non-injected camels were used as controls. The lips of camels suspected of having been injected with fillers were subjected to high-resolution ultrasound examination. Of the 11,626 camels, 58 were found to have been injected with cosmetic fillers, 45 in the upper lip and 13 in both the upper and lower lip. None of the injected camels had a history of recent illness. In addition, in all the injected camels, no dermal lip lesions were seen by the naked eye. Swelling of the upper and/or lower lips was visually inspected and palpated by hand in 52 of the camels. Drooping and swinging of the injected lips were observed in all injected camels. Hardness was detected in the tip of the upper lips of 26 of the injected camels and multiple hard nodules were palpated in the injected lips of 44 camels. Swelling of the edges of the upper and lower lips was detected in 41 of the injected camels. Ultrasonographic features of the injected lips are described in detail. Blood samples were collected from both groups. In none of the injected camels did the hemato-biochemical profiles differ significantly than the control group. In conclusion, results clearly indicate the usefulness and convenience of ultrasound as a diagnostic tool to locate the presence of injected fillers and to help monitor the extension and complications of the deposits.

Camelus , Técnicas Cosméticas/veterinária , Preenchedores Dérmicos/análise , Injeções/veterinária , Lábio/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia/veterinária , Animais , Beleza , Feminino , Masculino , Arábia Saudita
Nat Chem Biol ; 17(2): 124-125, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483698

Beleza , Petunia , Flores
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33401569


Previous studies have demonstrated that the angle of women's lumbar curvature affects men's attractiveness judgments of them. The theoretically optimal angle of lumbar curvature provides better resistance against both hyperlordosis and hypolordosis as biomechanical costs of a bipedal fetal load that could impair a woman's fertility. Since men find this attribute attractive, women aim to emphasize it by wearing high-heeled shoes. The primary objective of the present study was to test this evolutionary hypothesis using short videos presenting women walking by the camera. In line with previous findings based on static stimuli (photographs), dynamic stimuli (videos) presenting women walking in high-heeled shoes were expected to elicit increased attractiveness ratings as compared to women wearing flat shoes, which would be associated with the angle of lumbar curvature. Videos were taken of 52 female models walking in two conditions (i.e., wearing either high-heeled or flat shoes). A total of 108 participants (61 males, 47 females) rated the walking models' physical attractiveness in an online setting. Each model's lumbar curvature was measured both in high heels and in flat shoes using photographs taken of them prior to each video recording. The results showed that wearing high heels consistently increased the models' attractiveness, regardless of whether or not it decreased their natural difference from the theoretically optimal angle of lumbar curvature. Both male and female observers showed this positive effect. Furthermore, a negative correlation was found between the models' body mass index (BMI) and their perceived attractiveness scores in both conditions.

Sapatos , Caminhada , Adolescente , Beleza , Feminino , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Masculino , Sapatos/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravação de Videoteipe , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 127(12): 683-689, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33367295


Variation in the assessment of facial aesthetics through time was investigated with the help of measurements of actresses from 1875 to 2020 most widely considered to be beautiful. Measurements were carried out on reasonably standardised profile and frontal photographs. During the length of the period studied, the following trends in changing attitudes to facial beauty were recognised: a steady increase in the redness and prominence of lips, a decrease in eye height and an increase in eye width, and with it, a decrease in the height/width ratio or the eyes. In addition, the chin-neck angle and the nasolabial angle became sharper. This trend was especially evident after 1950. Both the group of actresses from 1875 to 1900 and a group of British female students from 2005 showed a relatively flatter lip profile, a more prominent chin and a larger nasolabial angle. After 2000 a mild preference developed for somewhat more redness of the upper and lower lips both frontally and from the side, somewhat more prominent lips, sharper nasolabial and chin-neck angles and a narrower eye height.

Beleza , Face , Cefalometria , Queixo , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Humanos , Lábio , Nariz
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239849, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006985


Plant landscapes are fundamental components of the green space of urban parks and are often dynamic, changing throughout the year. Winter is a season with poor plant landscape effects in urban park green spaces. However, plant community landscapes in the winter in urban park green spaces could be further optimized. Here, we conducted scenic beauty estimation (SBE) of the landscape factors in 29 winter plant communities in four typical urban parks in Yangzhou, China using partial correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. The standard SBE values of the 29 plant communities ranged from -0.981 to 1.209. Complex plant community landscapes with abundant plant species, beautiful plant community morphology and obvious seasonal changes generally received high scenic beauty scores. Six landscape factors, including the diversity of plant species, the proportion of evergreen tree species, the morphological characteristics of plants, the ground cover rate, the overall sense of harmony and the color composition, greatly influenced the scenic beauty of the plant landscape in the winter. Generally, the results of this study provide insight into how the plant community landscape in urban parks could be improved.

Beleza , Biodiversidade , Planejamento de Cidades/métodos , Planejamento Ambiental , Parques Recreativos/normas , China , Humanos , Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais , Estações do Ano
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239419, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085663


The hijab is central to the lives of Muslim women across the world but little is known about the actual effects exerted by this garment on perceptions of the wearer. Indeed, while previous research has suggested that wearing the hijab may affect the physical attractiveness of women, the actual effect of wearing the hijab on perceptions of female facial attractiveness by Muslim men in a Muslim country is largely unknown. Accordingly, this study investigated the effects of the hijab on female facial attractiveness perceived by practising Muslim men living in their native Muslim country (the United Arab Emirates). Participants were presented with frontal-head images of women shown in three conditions: in the fully covered condition, heads were completely covered by the hijab except for the face; in the partially covered condition, heads were completely covered by the hijab except for the face and areas around the forehead and each side of the face and head; in the uncovered condition, heads had no covering at all. The findings revealed that faces where heads were uncovered or partially covered were rated as equally attractive, and both were rated as substantially more attractive than faces where heads were fully covered. Thus, while wearing the hijab can suppress female facial attractiveness to men, these findings suggest that not all hijab wearing has this effect, and female facial attractiveness for practising Muslim men living in their native Muslim country may not be reduced simply by wearing this garment. Indeed, from the findings we report, slight changes to the positioning of the hijab (the partially covered condition) produce perceptions of facial attractiveness that are no lower than when no hijab is worn, and this may have important implications for wearing the hijab in Muslim societies. Finally, we argue that the pattern of effects we observed is not explained by anti-Islamic feeling or cultural endogamy, and that a major contributory factor is that being fully covered by the hijab occludes external features, especially the hair and lateral parts of the head and face, which, when normally visible, provide a substantial perceptual contribution to human facial attractiveness.

Beleza , Vestuário , Islamismo/psicologia , Adulto , Imagem Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237315, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866153


The decision to allocate time and energy to find multiple sexual partners or raise children is a fundamental reproductive trade-off. The Strategic Pluralism Hypothesis argues that human reproductive strategies are facultatively calibrated towards either investing in mating or parenting (or a mixture), according to the expression of features dependent on the individual's condition. This study seeks to test predictions derived from this hypothesis in a sample of 242 young men (M ± SD = 22.12 ± 3.08) from Chile's 5th Region (33Ö¯ south latitude). Specifically, two predictions were considered that raise questions about the relationship between traits related to physical and psychological attractiveness (fluctuating facial asymmetry and self-perception of attractiveness) and competitive skills (baseline testosterone and self-perception of fighting ability) with short-term reproductive strategies. Our results indicate that psychological features related to the self-perception of physical attractiveness are related to short-term reproductive strategies. However, no evidence was found that fluctuating facial asymmetry, basal levels of testosterone and self-perception of fighting ability were related to short-term reproductive strategies. These results support the existing evidence of the importance of physical attractiveness in calibrating men's reproductive strategies but cast doubts about the role of fluctuating facial asymmetry. They also suggest that traits related to physical attractiveness, in comparison to competitive capabilities, play a more important role in calibrating men's short-term reproductive strategies.

Beleza , Comportamento de Escolha , Reprodução/fisiologia , Autoimagem , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Chile , Comportamento Competitivo/fisiologia , Humanos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Testosterona/sangue , Testosterona/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(9): 593-595, Sept. 2020. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131757


ABSTRACT Aloysio de Castro (1881-1959) is now remembered as one of Brazil's greatest physicians and is considered the father of Brazilian neurological semiology. However, his interests went far beyond the realm of Medicine, and he became one of the most illustrious intellectuals of his time. In 1927, he gave a speech at the São Paulo Society of Artistic Culture on Frédéric Chopin and embarked on a journey across the composer's life and times, discussing the medical issues involving his death, as well as his lovers, his compositions, and the spiritual aspects of musical interpretation. Thus, Castro reinforced the bonds of music and Medicine and provided lessons on Musicology that may very well be as suited to a hospital as they are to a concert hall.

RESUMO Aloysio de Castro (1881-1959) é hoje lembrado como um dos maiores médicos do Brasil, bem como o pai da semiologia neurológica brasileira. Entretanto, seus interesses iam muito além dos domínios da Medicina, e ele se tornou um dos mais ilustres intelectuais de sua era. Em 1927, Castro deu uma palestra na Sociedade de Cultura Artística de São Paulo sobre Frédéric Chopin, e embarcou em uma jornada pela vida e época do compositor, discutindo o aspecto médico de sua morte, bem como suas amantes, composições e aspectos espirituais da interpretação musical. Assim, Castro reforçou os laços entre música e Medicina e ensinou lições de Musicologia que podem muito bem ser tão aplicadas à Medicina quanto a uma sala de concertos.

Humanos , Masculino , Drama , Pessoas Famosas , Música , Beleza , Brasil
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709046


It has been proposed that women's physical attractiveness is a cue to temporal changes in fertility. If this is the case, we should observe shifts in attractiveness during pregnancy-a unique physiological state of temporal infertility. The aim of this study was to examine how women's facial attractiveness changes during the subsequent trimesters of pregnancy and how it compares to that of nonpregnant women. Sixty-six pictures of pregnant women (22 pictures per trimester) and 22 of nonpregnant women (a control group) were used to generate four composite portraits, which were subsequently assessed for facial attractiveness by 117 heterosexual men. The results show considerable differences between facial attractiveness ratings depending on the status and progress of pregnancy. Nonpregnant women were perceived as the most attractive, and the attractiveness scores of pregnant women decreased throughout the course of pregnancy. Our findings show that facial attractiveness can be influenced by pregnancy and that gestation, even at its early stages, affects facial attractiveness. Considerable changes in women's physiology that occur during pregnancy may be responsible for the observed effects.

Beleza , Face , Gravidez , Feminino , Fertilidade , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Percepção
Acad Radiol ; 27(10): 1489-1490, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32709585
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(6): e205495, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579192


Importance: Facial paralysis has a significant effect on affect display, with the most notable deficit being patients' the inability to smile in the same way as those without paralysis. These impairments may result in undesirable judgements of personal qualities, thus leading to a significant social penalty in those who have the condition. Objective: To quantify the association of facial paralysis with the way smiling patients are perceived by others with respect to personality traits, attractiveness, and femininity or masculinity and to evaluate the potential association of facial palsy-related patient-reported outcome measures with how patients are perceived by others. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cross-sectional study used 20 images of smiling patients with facial paralysis evaluated between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2016. Using photograph editing software, the photographs were edited to create a simulated nonparalysis smiling facial appearance. A total of 40 photographs were split into 4 groups of 10 photographs, each with 5 altered and 5 unaltered photographs. The surveys were designed such that altered and unaltered photographs of the same patient were not placed in the same survey to avoid recall bias. Anonymous raters used a 7-point Likert scale to rate their perception of each patient's personality traits (ie, aggressiveness, likeability, and trustworthiness), attractiveness, and femininity or masculinity based on photographs in their assigned survey. Raters were blinded to study intent. Scores from the Facial Clinimetric Evaluation questionnaire were included to assess self-perception. Data were analyzed from November 11, 2019, to February 20, 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Ratings of personality traits, attractiveness, and femininity or masculinity. Social function domain scores and overall scores were analyzed from the Facial Clinimetric Evaluation questionnaire. Results: This study included photographs of 20 patients with facial paralysis (mean [range] age, 54 [28-69] years; 15 [75%] women). A total of 122 respondents completed the survey (71 [61%] women). Most respondents were between the ages of 25 and 34 years (79 participants [65%]). Overall, smiling photos of patients with facial paralysis were perceived as significantly less likeable (difference, -0.29; 95% CI, -0.43 to -0.14), trustworthy (difference, -0.25; 95% CI, -0.39 to -0.11), attractive (difference, -0.47; 95% CI, -0.62 to -0.32), and feminine or masculine (difference, -0.21; 95% CI, -0.38 to -0.03) compared with their simulated preparalysis photographs. When analyzed by sex, smiling women with facial paralysis experienced lower ratings for likeability (difference, -0.34; 95% CI, -0.53 to -0.16), trustworthiness (difference, -0.24; 95% CI, -0.43 to -0.06), attractiveness (difference, -0.74; 95% CI, -0.94 to -0.55), and femininity (difference, -0.35; 95% CI, -0.58 to -0.13). However, smiling men with facial paralysis only received significantly lower ratings for likeability (difference, -0.24; 95% CI, -0.47 to -0.01) and trustworthiness (difference, -0.30; 95% CI, -0.53 to -0.07). As patients' self-reported social function and total Facial Clinimetric Evaluation scores increased, there was an increase in perceived trustworthiness (rs[480] = 0.11; P = .02) and attractiveness (rs[478] = 0.10; P = .04) scores by raters. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, photographs of patients with facial paralysis received lower ratings for several personality and physical traits compared with digitally edited images with no facial paralysis. These findings suggest a social penalty associated with facial paralysis.

Paralisia Facial/psicologia , Percepção , Sorriso/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Beleza , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Feminilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Masculinidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Personalidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Confiança
Clin Dermatol ; 38(3): 357-359, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32563350


Lip plates are a form of body modification practiced today by several tribes in Africa and Amazonia. In 1930, the American people were introduced to lip plates in a most spectacular fashion, when the Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus brought in 13 Congolese natives to star as the newest attraction in their sideshow. The Congolese women wore huge lip plates, a result of cultural lip piercing with progressive lip stretching by wooden pegs and plates. The Congolese exhibit was publicized throughout the country as the "Ubangi Savages," a made-up name selected from an African map, because it had an exotic ring to it. This contribution tells the story of the Ubangi Savages and explains their practice of lip piercing and stretching. It also discusses how tissue expansion has been adapted for use in reconstructive surgery which, along with lip plates, is a way people strive to maintain and enhance the beauty of their bodies, whether for medical or cultural reasons.

Piercing Corporal , Cultura , Beleza , República Centro-Africana , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mecanotransdução Celular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Expansão de Tecido
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(6): 388-393, 2020 Jun 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32486568


Objective: To evaluate lower facial profile in females in different skeletal patterns. Methods: Investigation pictures of three females with beautiful lower facial profiles from Department of Orthodontics, Henan Stomatological Hospital were collected. The skeletal patterns of these females were classified as average, low and high angle, respectively.Upper lip process point (UL) was moved backwards horizontally to reach towards the E line and go even further gradually in above pictures. The distance changed according to E line was defined as DE value. If UL was in front of E line,DE value was denoted as positive, or else negative. Collectively, we obtained 30 pictures (10 pictures in each skeletal facial type) with different DE values (-5, -4, -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 mm), which were divided into average, low and high angle group according to the skeletal facial type. The pictures were evaluated by 144 randomly-selected adult orthodontic patients [66 males, 78 females, aged (29.4±7.7) years] who visited Department of Orthodontics, Henan Stomatological Hospital from June to September, 2019 and 138 orthodontists (including qualified orthodontists and postgraduate orthodontic students [60 males, 78 females, aged (32.2±7.1) years] who participated orthodontics conferences in Henan Stomatological Hospital in June, 2019. The acceptance rate was calculated and rate above 60% was deemed as acceptable DE range. Evaluators were also asked to choose the most esthetic profiles for the best DE value in each skeletal facial type.Data discrepancy was analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis analysis and chi-square test. Results: Most accepted DE was -2 mm among total investigators including orthodonticpatients and orthodontists. There was no difference in total acceptance rate between orthodontists and patients (P>0.05). There was statistic difference in total acceptance rate in different skeletal patterns between orthodontic patients and orthodontists (P<0.05). In total investigators, total acceptance rate was 62.1% (1 752/2 820) in average angle group, 55.4%(1 563/2 820) in high angle group and 33.5%(946/2 820) in low angle group, respectively. Acceptable DE range in three facial types was -4~2 mm (average angle), -2~2 mm (high angle) and -2~-1 mm (low angle), respectively. Conclusions: According to the evaluation of both orthodontic patients and orthodontists, the best DE was-2 mm.Total acceptance rate and acceptable DE range ranked first in average angle group, second in high angle group and third in low angle group.

Estética Dentária , Ortodontia , Adulto , Beleza , Cefalometria , Estética , Face/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Humanos , Lábio/anatomia & histologia , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
Index enferm ; 29(1/2): 23-27, ene.-jun. 2020. ilus, graf, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197421


OBJETIVO PRINCIPAL: Analizar la prevalencia del sobrepeso en una muestra de mujeres Saharauis en relación a la imagen corporal. METODOLOGÍA: Muestra no aleatoria (n=210), mujeres residentes en campamentos de refugiados Saharauis de Tindouf, durante 2018. Se determinó el Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) y se aplicó el cuestionario de la Silueta de Maganto y Cruz, para determinar el Índice de Distorsión y el de Insatisfacción de la imagen corporal. RESULTADOS PRINCIPALES: Un 60,47% de las mujeres presentaban un IMC superior a 25. El 92,4% de las mujeres se identifican con una silueta más delgada de la que les corresponde, mientras que el 40,5% de la muestra se sienten satisfechas de su imagen corporal. CONCLUSIÓN PRINCIPAL: La alta tasa de obesidad detectada en las mujeres no es motivo de insatisfacción con el cuerpo en las participantes. Los índices de distorsión e insatisfacción corporal sugieren que la figura de la mujer obesa encuentra una amplia aceptación social en la sociedad saharaui

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the prevalence of overweight in a sample of Saharawi women in relationship with their body image. METHODS: Intentional sample of 210 women living in Sahrawi refugee camps in Tindouf during 2018. The BMI was determined and then the Maganto and Cruz Silhouette questionnaire was applied to each, to determine the Distortion Index and the Body Image Dissatisfaction Index. RESULTS: 60.47% of women had a BMI of over 25. The 92.4% of women identify with a slimmer silhouette than corresponds to them. The 40.5% of the sample is satisfied with their body image. CONCLUSIONS: The high rate of obesity detected isdoes not related togenerate dissatisfaction with their body in the women that took part. The indices of distortion and dissatisfaction suggest social acceptance of the figure of an obese woman in Saharawi society

Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Beleza , Sobrepeso/psicologia , Obesidade/psicologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Inquéritos e Questionários , África do Norte/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Antropometria , Análise de Variância , Campos de Refugiados
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(7): 499-503, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456576


Body Dysmorphic Disorder - Balance between Beauty Mania and Illness Abstract. The body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) belongs to the somatoform disorders and is characterized by an excessive concern about a slight or not apparent defect in appearance. Typical areas of concern include the face, for example the skin texture or form and symmetry of a particular feature. Besides behavioral pecularities such as excessive checking of the defect in a mirror, the preoccupation causes clinically significant distress and impairment in social functioning. Given a prevalence of up to 20 % among patients seeking plastic surgery, it is perhaps the most relevant psychiatric condition for plastic surgeons. Moreover, aesthetic treatments might even lead to a worsening of symptoms. Thus, we recommend close observation of all patients seeking aesthetic operations cautiously with regard to typical symptoms and behavior. Particular questions from well-known screening questionnaires might further help to identify patients with BDD.

Transtorno Bipolar , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais , Cirurgia Plástica , Beleza , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais/terapia , Imagem Corporal , Estética , Humanos , Transtornos Somatoformes
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(7): 483, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32456582

Beleza , Estética , Humanos