Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.490
Filtrar
1.
Int J Mol Med ; 53(5)2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577949

RESUMO

Several studies have shown that berberine (BBR) is effective in protecting against myocardial ischemia­reperfusion injury (MI/RI). However, the precise molecular mechanism remains elusive. The present study observed the mechanism and the safeguarding effect of BBR against hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) myocardial injury in H9c2 cells. BBR pretreatment significantly improved the decrease of cell viability, P62 protein, Rho Family GTPase 3 (RhoE) protein, ubiquinone subunit B8 protein, ubiquinol­cytochrome c reductase core protein U, the Bcl­2­associated X protein/B­cell lymphoma 2 ratio, glutathione (GSH) and the GSH/glutathione disulphide (GSSG) ratio induced by H/R, while reducing the increase in lactate dehydrogenase, microtubule­associated protein 1 light 3 protein, caspase­3 activity, reactive oxygen species, GSSG and malonaldehyde caused by H/R. Transmission electron microscopy and LysoTracker Red DND­99 staining results showed that BBR pretreatment inhibited H/R­induced excessive autophagy by mediating RhoE. BBR also inhibited mitochondrial permeability transition, maintained the stability of the mitochondrial membrane potential, reduced the apoptotic rate, and increased the level of caspase­3. However, the protective effects of BBR were attenuated by pAD/RhoE­small hairpin RNA, rapamycin (an autophagy activator) and compound C (an AMP­activated protein kinase inhibitor). These new findings suggested that BBR protects the myocardium from MI/RI by inhibiting excessive autophagy, maintaining mitochondrial function, improving the energy supply and redox homeostasis, and attenuating apoptosis through the RhoE/AMP­activated protein kinase pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP , Autofagia , Berberina , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Apoptose , Berberina/farmacologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Dissulfeto de Glutationa/metabolismo , Isquemia/metabolismo , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/prevenção & controle , Traumatismo por Reperfusão Miocárdica/etiologia , Miocárdio/patologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Animais , Ratos
2.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 289, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587649

RESUMO

Rumen microbial urease inhibitors have been proposed for regulating nitrogen emission and improving nitrogen utilization efficiency in ruminant livestock industry. However, studies on plant-derived natural inhibitors of rumen microbial urease are limited. Urease accessory protein UreG, plays a crucial role in facilitating urease maturation, is a new target for design of urease inhibitor. The objective of this study was to select the potential effective inhibitor of rumen microbial urease from major protoberberine alkaloids in Rhizoma Coptidis by targeting UreG. Our results showed that berberine chloride and epiberberine exerted superior inhibition potential than other alkaloids based on GTPase activity study of UreG. Berberine chloride inhibition of UreG was mixed type, while inhibition kinetics type of epiberberine was uncompetitive. Furthermore, epiberberine was found to be more effective than berberine chloride in inhibiting the combination of nickel towards UreG and inducing changes in the second structure of UreG. Molecular modeling provided the rational structural basis for the higher inhibition potential of epiberberine, amino acid residues in G1 motif and G3 motif of UreG formed interactions with D ring of berberine chloride, while interacted with A ring and D ring of epiberberine. We further demonstrated the efficacy of epiberberine in the ruminal microbial fermentation with low ammonia release and urea degradation. In conclusion, our study clearly indicates that epiberberine is a promising candidate as a safe and effective inhibitor of rumen microbial urease and provides an optimal strategy and suitable feed additive for regulating nitrogen excretion in ruminants in the future. KEY POINTS: • Epiberberine is the most effective inhibitor of rumen urease from Rhizoma Coptidis. • Urease accessory protein UreG is an effective target for design of urease inhibitor. • Epiberberine may be used as natural feed additive to reducing NH3 release in ruminants.


Assuntos
Berberina , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Urease , Amônia , Cloretos , Rúmen , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Nitrogênio , Ruminantes
3.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Mar 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474668

RESUMO

Anthracycline antibiotics, namely, doxorubicin (DOX) and daunorubicin, are among the most widely used anticancer therapies, yet are notoriously associated with severe myocardial damage due to oxidative stress and mitochondrial damage. Studies have indicated the strong pharmacological properties of Berberine (Brb) alkaloid, predominantly mediated via mitochondrial functions and nuclear networks. Despite the recent emphasis on Brb in clinical cardioprotective studies, pharmaceutical limitations hamper its clinical use. A nanoformulation for Brb was developed (mMic), incorporating a cationic lipid, oleylamine (OA), into the TPGS-mixed corona of PEGylated-phosphatidylethanolamine (PEG-PE) micelles. Cationic TPGS/PEG-PE mMic with superior Brb loading and stability markedly enhanced both intracellular and mitochondria-tropic Brb activities in cardiovascular muscle cells. Sub-lethal doses of Brb via cationic OA/TPGS mMic, as a DOX co-treatment, resulted in significant mitochondrial apoptosis suppression. In combination with an intense DOX challenge (up to ~50 µM), mitochondria-protective Brb-OA/TPGS mMic showed a significant 24 h recovery of cell viability (p ≤ 0.05-0.01). Mechanistically, the significant relative reduction in apoptotic caspase-9 and elevation of antiapoptotic Bcl-2 seem to mediate the cardioprotective role of Brb-OA/TPGS mMic against DOX. Our report aims to demonstrate the great potential of cationic OA/TPGS-mMic to selectively enhance the protective mitohormetic effect of Brb to mitigate DOX cardiotoxicity.


Assuntos
Berberina , Doenças Mitocondriais , Fosfatidiletanolaminas , Polietilenoglicóis , Humanos , Micelas , Berberina/farmacologia , Cardiotoxicidade/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Vitamina E/farmacologia , Apoptose , Doenças Mitocondriais/tratamento farmacológico
4.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 12(3): e1213, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38477663

RESUMO

Berberine is a benzylisoquinoline alkaloid found in such plants as Berberis vulgaris, Berberis aristata, and others, revealing a variety of pharmacological properties as a result of interacting with different cellular and molecular targets. Recent studies have shown the immunomodulatory effects of Berberine which result from its impacts on immune cells and immune response mediators such as diverse T lymphocyte subsets, dendritic cells (DCs), and different inflammatory cytokines. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic disabling and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by the recruitment of autoreactive T cells into the CNS causing demyelination, axonal damage, and oligodendrocyte loss. There have been considerable changes discovered in MS regards to the function and frequency of T cell subsets such as Th1 cells, Th17 cells, Th2 cells, Treg cells, and DCs. In the current research, we reviewed the outcomes of in vitro, experimental, and clinical investigations concerning the modulatory effects that Berberine provides on the function and numbers of T cell subsets and DCs, as well as important cytokines that are involved in MS.


Assuntos
Berberina , Esclerose Múltipla , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Citocinas , Imunomodulação
5.
Hepatol Commun ; 8(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466881

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an immune-mediated liver disease of unknown etiology accompanied by intestinal dysbiosis and a damaged intestinal barrier. Berberine (BBR) is a traditional antibacterial medicine that has a variety of pharmacological properties. It has been reported that BBR alleviates AIH, but relevant mechanisms remain to be fully explored. METHODS: BBR was orally administered at doses of 100 mg⋅kg-1⋅d-1 for 7 days to mice before concanavalin A-induced AIH model establishment. Histopathological, immunohistochemical, immunofluorescence, western blotting, ELISA, 16S rRNA analysis, flow cytometry, real-time quantitative PCR, and fecal microbiota transplantation studies were performed to ascertain BBR effects and mechanisms in AIH mice. RESULTS: We found that liver necrosis and apoptosis were decreased upon BBR administration; the levels of serum transaminase, serum lipopolysaccharide, liver proinflammatory factors TNF-α, interferon-γ, IL-1ß, and IL-17A, and the proportion of Th17 cells in spleen cells were all reduced, while the anti-inflammatory factor IL-10 and regulatory T cell proportions were increased. Moreover, BBR treatment increased beneficial and reduced harmful bacteria in the gut. BBR also strengthened ileal barrier function by increasing the expression of the tight junction proteins zonula occludens-1 and occludin, thereby blocking lipopolysaccharide translocation, preventing lipopolysaccharide/toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/ NF-κB pathway activation, and inhibiting inflammatory factor production in the liver. Fecal microbiota transplantation from BBR to model mice also showed that BBR potentially alleviated AIH by altering the gut microbiota. CONCLUSIONS: BBR alleviated concanavalin A-induced AIH by modulating the gut microbiota and related immune regulation. These results shed more light on potential BBR therapeutic strategies for AIH.


Assuntos
Berberina , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Hepatite A , Hepatite Autoimune , Camundongos , Animais , Hepatite Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite Autoimune/etiologia , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Concanavalina A/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S
6.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(7): e18177, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38494843

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease of aorta, remains the major cause of morbidity and mortality among cardiovascular disease patients. Macrophage foam cell formation and inflammation are critically involved in early stages of atherosclerosis, hence chemopreventive targeting of foam cell formation by nutraceuticals may be a promising approach to curbing the progression of atherosclerosis. However, many nutraceuticals including berberine and ginkgetin have low stability, tissue/cell penetration and bioavailability resulting in inadequate chemotherapeutic effects of these nutraceuticals. We have used avocado-derived extracellular vesicles (EV) isolated from avocado (EVAvo ) as a novel carrier of nutraceuticals, in a strategy to alleviate the build-up of macrophage foam cells and expression of inflammatory genes. Our key findings are: (i) Avocado is a natural source of plant-derived EVs as shown by the results from transmission electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering and NanoBrook Omni analysis and atomic force microscopy; (ii) EVAvo are taken up by macrophages, a critical cell type in atherosclerosis; (iii) EVAvo can be loaded with high amounts of ginkgetin and berberine; (iv) ginkgetin plus berberine-loaded EVAvo (EVAvo(B+G) ) suppress activation of NFκB and NLRP3, and inhibit expression of pro-inflammatory and atherogenic genes, specifically Cd36, Tnfα, Il1ß and Il6; (v) EVAvo(B+G) attenuate oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)-induced macrophage foam cell formation and (vi) EVAvo(B+G) inhibit oxLDL uptake but not its cell surface binding during foam cell formation. Overall, our results suggest that using EVAvo as a natural carrier of nutraceuticals may improve strategies to curb the progression of atherosclerosis by limiting inflammation and pro-atherogenic responses.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Berberina , Biflavonoides , Persea , Humanos , Células Espumosas , Berberina/farmacologia , Macrófagos , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Aterosclerose/prevenção & controle , Lipoproteínas LDL
7.
J Appl Biomater Funct Mater ; 22: 22808000241235442, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497242

RESUMO

Given the numerous adverse effects of lung cancer treatment, more research on non-toxic medications is urgently needed. Curcumin (CUR) and berberine (BBR) combat drug resistance by controlling the expression of multidrug resistant pump (MDR1). Fascinatingly, combining these medications increases the effectiveness of preventing lung cancer. Their low solubility and poor stability, however, restrict their therapeutic efficacy. Because of the improved bioavailability and increased encapsulation effectiveness of water-insoluble medicines, surfactant-based nanovesicles have recently received a great deal of attention. The current study sought to elucidate the Combination drug therapy by herbal nanomedicine prevent multidrug resistance protein 1: promote apoptosis in Lung Carcinoma. The impact of several tween (20, 60, and 80) types with varied hydrophobic tails on BBR/CUR-TNV was evaluated. Additionally, the MDR1 activity and apoptosis rate of the BBR/CUR-TNV combination therapy were assessed. The encapsulation effectiveness of TNV was affected by the type of tween. With the TNV made from tween 60, cholesterol, and PEG (47.5: 47.5:5), more encapsulation effectiveness was attained. By combining CUR with BBR, especially when given in TNV, apoptosis increased. Additionally, when CUR and BBR were administered in combination, they significantly reduced the risk of MDR1 development. The current work suggests that the delivery of berberine and curcumin as a combination medication therapy via tween-based nanovesicles may be a potential lung cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Berberina , Carcinoma , Curcumina , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Apoptose , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Nanomedicina , Polissorbatos/farmacologia
8.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 59(3): 215-226, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38544451

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the impact of berberine on polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in mice, and to investigate the effects of berberine on the intestinal flora and the intestinal flora on PCOS. Methods: A mouse model of PCOS was established by administering dehydroepiandrosterone in combination with high fat diet, and the mouse model was given a berberine treatment. The study consisted of a blank control group (C group), a PCOS model group (M group) and a berberine treatment group (T group). During the experiment, the mice were closely monitored through timed body weight measurements and estrous cycle monitoring; intraperitoneal glucose tolerance test and insulin tolerance test were done. Upon completion of the pharmacological intervention, the wet weights of liver, ovary and fat deposits of mice were assessed and subjected to HE staining to confirm the success of PCOS modeling and the efficacy of berberine. Additionally, fecal samples were analyzed for intestinal flora through 16S rRNA analysis. Results: The PCOS model was established successfully, berberine alleviated the disturbance of estrous cycle in mice, and significantly alleviated fat accumulation and metabolic abnormalities of glucose in mice. The cross-sectional area of fat pad cells in T group was (2 858±146) µm², which was significantly lower than that in M group [(9 518±347) µm²], and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.001). The blood glucose levels in T group were significantly lower than those in M group (P<0.05). The composition and structure of intestinal flora in mice of M group with PCOS (compared with C group) and in mice of T group after berberine intervention (compared with M group) were significantly altered. However, alpha diversity did not change significantly among three groups (P>0.05). Conclusion: Berberine could alleviate PCOS by intervening in the alterations of gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Berberina , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Resistência à Insulina , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico , Feminino , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , RNA Ribossômico 16S
9.
Drug Dev Res ; 85(2): e22166, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38424708

RESUMO

Hyperlipidemia is a common clinically encountered health condition worldwide that promotes the development and progression of cardiovascular diseases, including atherosclerosis. Berberine (BBR) is a natural product with acknowledged anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and metabolic effects. This study evaluated the effect of BBR on lipid alterations, oxidative stress, and inflammatory response in rats with acute hyperlipidemia induced by poloxamer-407 (P-407). Rats were pretreated with BBR (25 and 50 mg/kg) for 14 days and acute hyperlipidemia was induced by a single dose of P-407 (500 mg/kg). BBR ameliorated hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, and plasma lipoproteins in P-407-adminsitered rats. Plasma lipoprotein lipase (LPL) activity was decreased, and hepatic 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl CoA (HMG-CoA) reductase activity was enhanced in hyperlipidemic rats. The expression of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) and ATP-binding cassette transporter 1 (ABCA1) was downregulated in hyperlipidemic rats. BBR enhanced LPL activity, upregulated LDL-R, and ABCA1, and suppressed HMG-CoA reductase in P-407-administered rats. Pretreatment with BBR ameliorated lipid peroxidation, nitric oxide (NO), pro-inflammatory mediators (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-1ß, tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α, interferon-γ, IL-4 and IL-18) and enhanced antioxidants. In addition, BBR suppressed lymphocyte ecto-nucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase (E-NTPDase) and ecto-adenosine deaminase (E-ADA) as well as NO and TNF-α release by macrophages isolated from normal and hyperlipidemic rats. In silico investigations revealed the binding affinity of BBR toward LPL, HMG-CoA reductase, LDL-R, PSK9, ABCA1, and E-NTPDase. In conclusion, BBR effectively prevented acute hyperlipidemia and its associated inflammatory responses by modulating LPL, cholesterolgenesis, cytokine release, and lymphocyte E-NTPDase and E-ADA. Therefore, BBR is an effective and safe natural compound that might be employed as an adjuvant against hyperlipidemia and its associated inflammation.


Assuntos
Berberina , Hiperlipidemias , Ratos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Linfócitos/patologia , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/farmacologia , Oxirredutases/uso terapêutico
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 72(14): 7716-7726, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536397

RESUMO

The emergence of resistant pathogens has increased the demand for alternative fungicides. The use of natural products as chemical scaffolds is a potential method for developing fungicides. HWY-289, a semisynthetic protoberberine derivative, demonstrated broad-spectrum and potent activities against phytopathogenic fungi, particularly Botrytis cinerea (with EC50 values of 1.34 µg/mL). SEM and TEM imaging indicated that HWY-289 altered the morphology of the mycelium and the internal structure of cells. Transcriptomics revealed that it could break down cellular walls through amino acid sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism. In addition, it substantially decreased chitinase activity and chitin synthase gene (BcCHSV) expression by 53.03 and 82.18% at 1.5 µg/mL, respectively. Moreover, this impacted the permeability and integrity of cell membranes. Finally, HWY-289 also hindered energy metabolism, resulting in a significant reduction of ATP content, ATPase activities, and key enzyme activities in the TCA cycle. Therefore, HWY-289 may be a potential candidate for the development of plant fungicides.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos , Alcaloides de Berberina , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Fungicidas Industriais , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/química , Fungicidas Industriais/farmacologia , Fungicidas Industriais/química , Botrytis , Açúcares , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
11.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118039, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479545

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The anti-tumor related diseases of Coptidis Rhizoma (Huanglian) were correlated with its traditional use of removing damp-heat, clearing internal fire, and counteracting toxicity. In the recent years, Coptidis Rhizoma and its components have drawn extensive attention toward their anti-tumor related diseases. Besides, Coptidis Rhizoma is traditionally used as an anti-inflammatory herb. Epiberberine (EPI) is a significant alkaloid isolated from Coptidis Rhizoma, and exhibits multiple pharmacological activities including anti-inflammatory. However, the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer and the inflammatory factors of metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolysis has not been demonstrated clearly. AIM OF THE STUDY: Bone metastatic breast cancer can lead to osteolysis via inflammatory factors-induced osteoclast differentiation and function. In this study, we try to analyze the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer and the inflammatory factors of metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolysis. METHODS: To evaluate whether epiberberine could suppress bone metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage, healthy female Balb/c mice were intratibially injected with murine triple-negative breast cancer 4T1 cells. Then, we examined the inhibitory effect and underlying mechanism of epiberberine on breast cancer-induced osteoclastogenesis in vitro. Xenograft assay was used to study the effect of epiberberine on breast cancer cells in vivo. Moreover, we also studied the inhibitory effects and underlying mechanisms of epiberberine on RANKL-induced osteoclast differentiation and function in vitro. RESULTS: The results show that epiberberine displayed potential therapeutic effects on breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage. Besides, our results show that epiberberine inhibited breast cancer cells-induced osteoclast differentiation and function by inhibiting secreted inflammatory cytokines such as IL-8. Importantly, we found that epiberberine directly inhibited RANKL-induced differentiation and function of osteoclast without cytotoxicity. Mechanistically, epiberberine inhibited RANKL-induced osteoclastogensis via Akt/c-Fos signaling pathway. Furthermore, epiberberine combined with docetaxel effectively protected against bone loss induced by metastatic breast cancer cells. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that epiberberine may be a promising natural compound for treating bone metastatic breast cancer-induced osteolytic damage by inhibiting IL-8 and is worthy of further exploration in preclinical and clinical trials.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Ósseas , Neoplasias da Mama , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteólise , Humanos , Feminino , Animais , Camundongos , Osteólise/tratamento farmacológico , Osteólise/metabolismo , Osteólise/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/metabolismo , Interleucina-8/metabolismo , Osteoclastos , Osteogênese , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ligante RANK/metabolismo
12.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474561

RESUMO

Berberis species have a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurvedic medicine, and Western herbal medicine. The aim of this study was the quantification of the main isoquinoline alkaloids in extracts obtained from various Berberis species by HPLC, in vitro and in silico determination of anti-cholinesterase activity, and in vitro and in vivo investigations of the cytotoxic activity of the investigated plant extracts and alkaloid standards. In particular, Berberis species whose activity had not been previously investigated were selected for the study. In the most investigated Berberis extracts, a high content of berberine and palmatine was determined. Alkaloid standards and most of the investigated plant extracts exhibit significant anti-cholinesterase activity. Molecular docking results confirmed that both alkaloids are more favourable for forming complexes with acetylcholinesterase compared to butyrylcholinesterase. The kinetic results obtained by HPLC-DAD indicated that berberine noncompetitively inhibited acetylcholinesterase, while butyrylcholinesterase was inhibited in a mixed mode. In turn, palmatine exhibited a mixed inhibition of acetylcholinesterase. The cytotoxic activity of berberine and palmatine standards and plant extracts were investigated against the human melanoma cell line (A375). The highest cytotoxicity was determined for extract obtained from Berberis pruinosa cortex. The cytotoxic properties of the extract were also determined in the in vivo investigations using the Danio rerio larvae xenograft model. The obtained results confirmed a significant effect of the Berberis pruinosa cortex extract on the number of cancer cells in a living organism. Our results showed that extracts obtained from Berberis species, especially the Berberis pruinosa cortex extract, can be recommended for further in vivo experiments in order to confirm the possibility of their application in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and human melanoma.


Assuntos
Alcaloides , Antineoplásicos , Berberina , Berberis , Melanoma , Humanos , Berberina/farmacologia , Acetilcolinesterase , Butirilcolinesterase , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
13.
Molecules ; 29(5)2024 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38474567

RESUMO

Berberine is a natural isoquinoline alkaloid with low toxicity, which exists in a wide variety of medicinal plants. Berberine has been demonstrated to exhibit potent prevention of indomethacin-induced gastric injury (GI) but the related mechanism remains unclear. In the present study, liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS)-based metabolomics was applied for the first time to investigate the alteration of serum metabolites in the protection of berberine against indomethacin-induced gastric injury in rats. Subsequently, bioinformatics was utilized to analyze the potential metabolic pathway of the anti-GI effect of berberine. The pharmacodynamic data indicated that berberine could ameliorate gastric pathological damage, inhibit the level of proinflammatory factors in serum, and increase the level of antioxidant factors in serum. The LC-MS-based metabolomics analysis conducted in this study demonstrated the presence of 57 differential metabolites in the serum of rats with induced GI caused by indomethacin, which was associated with 29 metabolic pathways. Moreover, the study revealed that berberine showed a significant impact on the differential metabolites, with 45 differential metabolites being reported between the model group and the group treated with berberine. The differential metabolites were associated with 24 metabolic pathways, and berberine administration regulated 14 of the 57 differential metabolites, affecting 14 of the 29 metabolic pathways. The primary metabolic pathways affected were glutathione metabolism and arachidonic acid metabolism. Based on the results, it can be concluded that berberine has a gastroprotective effect on the GI. This study is particularly significant since it is the first to elucidate the mechanism of berberine's action on GI. The results suggest that berberine's action may be related to energy metabolism, oxidative stress, and inflammation regulation. These findings may pave the way for the development of new therapeutic interventions for the prevention and management of NSAID-induced GI disorders.


Assuntos
Berberina , Gastropatias , Ratos , Animais , Indometacina , Berberina/farmacologia , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem , Metabolômica/métodos , Gastropatias/tratamento farmacológico
14.
J Transl Med ; 22(1): 225, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38429794

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is becoming increasingly prevalent worldwide, emerging as a significant health issue on a global scale. Berberine exhibits potential for treating NAFLD, but clinical evidence remains inconclusive. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess the efficacy and safety of berberine for treating NAFLD. METHODS: This study was registered with PROSPERO (No. CRD42023462338). Identification of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involved searching 6 databases covering the period from their initiation to 9 September 2023. The primary outcomes comprised liver function markers such as glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), lipid indices including total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), homeostasis model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) and body mass index (BMI). Review Manager 5.4 and STATA 17.0 were applied for analysis. RESULTS: Among 10 RCTs involving 811 patients, berberine demonstrated significant reductions in various parameters: ALT (standardized mean difference (SMD) = - 0.72), 95% confidence interval (Cl) [- 1.01, - 0.44], P < 0.00001), AST (SMD = - 0.79, 95% CI [- 1.17, - 0.40], P < 0.0001), GGT (SMD = - 0.62, 95% CI [- 0.95, - 0.29], P = 0.0002), TG (SMD = - 0.59, 95% CI [- 0.86, - 0.31], P < 0.0001), TC(SMD = - 0.74, 95% CI [- 1.00, - 0.49], P < 0.00001), LDL-C (SMD = - 0.53, 95% CI [- 0.88, - 0.18], P = 0.003), HDL-C (SMD = - 0.51, 95% CI [- 0.12, 1.15], P = 0.11), HOMA-IR (SMD = - 1.56, 95% CI [- 2.54, - 0.58], P = 0.002), and BMI (SMD = - 0.58, 95% CI [- 0.77, - 0.38], P < 0.00001). Importantly, Berberine exhibited a favorable safety profile, with only mild gastrointestinal adverse events reported. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrates berberine's efficacy in improving liver enzymes, lipid profile, and insulin sensitivity in NAFLD patients. These results indicate that berberine shows promise as an adjunct therapy for NAFLD. Trial registration The protocol was registered with PROSPERO (No. CRD42023462338). Registered on September 27, 2023.


Assuntos
Berberina , Resistência à Insulina , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Berberina/efeitos adversos , HDL-Colesterol , LDL-Colesterol , Lipídeos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos
15.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 326: 117901, 2024 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38341112

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Wuji Wan (WJW) is a traditional Chinese medicine formula that can be found in the "Prescriptions of Taiping Benevolent Dispensary" that has been employed in treating gastric discomfort, burning epigastric pain, and gastric reflux for hundreds of years and has shown promise for treating gastric ulcers (GUs). However, the active components and mechanism of action against GUs remain unclear. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to explore the active components of WJW and elucidate the underlying mechanism involved in treating GUs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Initially, cell viability was measured by a cell counting kit 8 (CCK-8) assay to evaluate the efficacy of WJW-containing serum in vitro. The gastric ulcer index, ulcer inhibition rate, hematoxylin and staining (H&E), and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining were used to evaluate the therapeutic effect of WJW in vivo. Subsequently, the levels of inflammatory factors and oxidative stress factors were determined using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) on in vitro and in vivo samples. Additionally, UPLC-Q Exactive Plus Orbitrap HRMS was used to analyze the components that were absorbed into the blood of WJW and its metabolites. Network pharmacology and metabolomics were subsequently used to identify the targets and pathways. Real-time quantitative PCR (RT‒qPCR) and Western blotting were used to verify the mRNA and protein levels of the key targets and pathways. Finally, the active components were identified by molecular docking to verify the binding stability of the components and key targets. RESULTS: WJW-containing serum ameliorated ethanol-induced damage in GES-1 cells and promoted cell healing. WJW-containing serum reduced IL-6, TNF-α, MDA, and LDH levels while increasing IL-10, SOD, and T-AOC levels in the cells. Moreover, WJW treatment resulted in decreased IL-6, TNF-α, and MDA levels and increased IL-10, SOD, PGE2, and NO levels in GUs rats. In addition, eight components of WJW were absorbed into the blood. The network pharmacology results revealed 192 common targets for blood entry components and GUs, and KEGG analysis revealed that apoptosis signaling pathways were the main pathways involved in WJW activity against GUs. Metabolomic screening was used to identify 13 differential metabolites. There were 23 common targets for blood entry components, GUs, and differential metabolites, with the key targets TNF (TNF-α), AKT1, PTGS2 (COX2) and MAPK1. WJW significantly inhibited the expression of Bax, Caspase-9, Caspase-3, cleaved Caspase-9, cleaved Caspase-3, TNF-α, COX2, and p-p44/42 MAPK while promoting the expression of Bcl-2 and p-AKT1. Molecular docking revealed that the active components of WJW for the treatment of GUs are berberine, palmatine, coptisine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine, and paeoniflorin. CONCLUSIONS: WJW treatment reduces inflammation and oxidative stress injury and inhibits apoptosis signaling pathways. The main active components are berberine, palmatine, coptisine, evodiamine, rutaecarpine, evocarpine, and paeoniflorin. In this paper, we provide a new strategy for exploring the active components of traditional Chinese medicine formulas for the treatment of diseases based on target mechanisms.


Assuntos
Berberina , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Glucosídeos , Monoterpenos , Úlcera Gástrica , Animais , Ratos , Úlcera Gástrica/induzido quimicamente , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Interleucina-10 , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Interleucina-6 , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Farmacologia em Rede , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Superóxido Dismutase , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
16.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 968: 176433, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369273

RESUMO

The promotion of excess low-density lipoprotein (LDL) clearance stands as an effective clinical approach for treating hyperlipidemia. Tetrahydroberberine, a metabolite of berberine, exhibits superior bioavailability compared to berberine and demonstrates a pronounced hypolipidemic effect. Despite these characteristics, the impact of tetrahydroberberine on improving excessive LDL clearance in hyperlipidemia has remained unexplored. Thus, this study investigates the potential effects of tetrahydroberberine on high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemia in mice. The findings reveal that tetrahydroberberine exerts a more potent lipid-lowering effect than berberine, particularly concerning LDL-cholesterol in hyperlipidemic mice. Notably, tetrahydroberberine significantly reduces serum levels of upstream lipoproteins, including intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL) and very low-density lipoprotein, by promoting their conversion to LDL. This reduction is further facilitated by the upregulation of hepatic LDL receptor expression induced by tetrahydroberberine. Intriguingly, tetrahydroberberine enhances the apolipoprotein E (ApoE)/apolipoprotein B100 (ApoB100) ratio, influencing lipoprotein assembly in the serum. This effect is achieved through the activation of the efflux of ApoE-containing cholesterol in the liver. The ApoE/ApoB100 ratio exhibits a robust negative correlation with serum levels of LDL and IDL, indicating its potential as a diagnostic indicator for hyperlipidemia. Moreover, tetrahydroberberine enhances hepatic lipid clearance without inducing lipid accumulation in the liver and alleviates existing liver lipid content. Importantly, no apparent hepatorenal toxicity is observed following tetrahydroberberine treatment for hyperlipidemia. In summary, tetrahydroberberine demonstrates a positive impact against hyperlipidemia by modulating lipoprotein assembly-induced clearance of LDL and IDL. The ApoE/ApoB100 ratio emerges as a promising diagnostic indicator for hyperlipidemia, showcasing the potential clinical significance of tetrahydroberberine in lipid management.


Assuntos
Berberina , Berberina/análogos & derivados , Hiperlipidemias , Camundongos , Animais , Lipoproteínas IDL/metabolismo , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Triglicerídeos , Colesterol/metabolismo , Apolipoproteínas E/genética , LDL-Colesterol , Fígado/metabolismo
17.
J Mater Chem B ; 12(8): 2158-2179, 2024 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38323437

RESUMO

The repair of mandibular defects is a challenging clinical problem, and associated infections often hinder the treatment, leading to failure in bone regeneration. Herein, a multifunctional platform is designed against the shortages of existing therapies for infected bone deficiency. 2D Ti3C2 MXene and berberine (BBR) are effectively loaded into 3D printing biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) scaffolds. The prepared composite scaffolds take the feature of the excellent photothermal capacity of Ti3C2 as an antibacterial, mediating NIR-responsive BBR release under laser stimuli. Meanwhile, the sustained release of BBR enhances its antibacterial effect and further accelerates the bone healing process. Importantly, the integration of Ti3C2 improves the mechanical properties of the 3D scaffolds, which are beneficial for new bone formation. Their remarkable biomedical performances in vitro and in vivo present the outstanding antibacterial and osteogenic properties of the Ti3C2-BBR functionalized BCP scaffolds. The synergistic therapy makes it highly promising for repairing infected bone defects and provides insights into a wide range of applications of 2D nanosheets in biomedicine.


Assuntos
Berberina , Hidroxiapatitas , Nitritos , Tecidos Suporte , Elementos de Transição , Berberina/farmacologia , Regeneração Óssea , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Impressão Tridimensional
18.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 117931, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38382657

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Phytochemical compounds offer a distinctive edge in diabetes management, attributed to their multifaceted target mechanisms and minimal toxicological profiles. Epiberberine (EPI), an alkaloid derived from plants of the Rhizoma Coptidis, has been reported to have antidiabetic effects. However, the underlying molecular mechanism of EPI are not fully elucidated. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study explored the anti-diabetic effects of EPI and the role of the NRF2/AMPK signaling pathway in improving insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We utilized two distinct models: in vivo, we employed mice with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) induced by high-fat diet (HFD) and streptozotocin (STZ) to conduct a range of assessments including measuring physical parameters, conducting biochemical analyses, examining histopathology, and performing Western blot tests. In parallel, in vitro experiments were carried out using insulin resistance (IR)-HepG2 cells, through which we conducted a CCK8 assay, glucose uptake tests, Western blot analyses, and flow cytometry studies. RESULTS: In the EPI-treated group of T2DM mice, there was a significant reduction in hyperglycemia, IR, and hyperlipidemia, accompanied by beneficial changes in the liver and pancreas, as well as enhanced glucose uptake in IR-HepG2 cells. Herein, our finding also provided evidence that EPI could increase the expression of GLUT4 and activated the IRS-1/PI3K/AKT insulin signaling pathway to improve IR in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, EPI alleviated oxidative stress by enhancing SOD and GPX-px activity, decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and promoting nuclear factor (erythroid-derived 2)-like 2 (NRF2), total NRF2, NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expression in the liver tissue of T2DM mice and IR-HepG2 cells. Furthermore, EPI decreased oxidative stress and improved IR, but these benefits were nullified by siNRF2 transfection. In particular, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) deficiency by short-hairpin RNA (shRNA) partially reversed the effects of EPI on nuclear transcription, oxidative stress, and IR of NRF2 in IR-HepG2 cells. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, EPI activated NRF2-dependent AMPK cascade to protect T2DM from oxidative stress, thereby alleviating IR.


Assuntos
Berberina/análogos & derivados , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Resistência à Insulina , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Estresse Oxidativo , Glucose/metabolismo
19.
Am J Chin Med ; 52(1): 231-252, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38328828

RESUMO

Berberine has been demonstrated to alleviate cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury, but its neuroprotective mechanism has yet to be understood. Studies have indicated that ischemic neuronal damage was frequently driven by autophagic/lysosomal dysfunction, which could be restored by boosting transcription factor EB (TFEB) nuclear translocation. Therefore, this study investigated the pharmacological effects of berberine on TFEB-regulated autophagic/lysosomal signaling in neurons after cerebral stroke. A rat model of ischemic stroke and a neuronal ischemia model in HT22 cells were prepared using middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) and oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD), respectively. Berberine was pre-administered at a dose of 100[Formula: see text]mg/kg/d for three days in rats and 90[Formula: see text][Formula: see text]M in HT22 neurons for 12[Formula: see text]h. 24[Formula: see text]h after MCAO and 2[Formula: see text]h after OGD, the penumbral tissues and OGD neurons were obtained to detect nuclear and cytoplasmic TFEB, and the key proteins in the autophagic/lysosomal pathway were examined using western blot and immunofluorescence, respectively. Meanwhile, neuron survival, infarct volume, and neurological deficits were assessed to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy. The results showed that berberine prominently facilitated TFEB nuclear translocation, as indicated by increased nuclear expression in penumbral neurons as well as in OGD HT22 cells. Consequently, both autophagic activity and lysosomal capacity were simultaneously augmented to alleviate the ischemic injury. However, berberine-conferred neuroprotection could be greatly counteracted by lysosomal inhibitor Bafilomycin A1 (Baf-A1). Meanwhile, autophagy inhibitor 3-Methyladenine (3-MA) also slightly neutralized the pharmacological effect of berberine on ameliorating autophagic/lysosomal dysfunction. Our study suggests that berberine-induced neuroprotection against ischemic stroke is elicited by enhancing autophagic flux via facilitation of TFEB nuclear translocation in neurons.


Assuntos
Berberina , Lesões Encefálicas , Isquemia Encefálica , AVC Isquêmico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Ratos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Autofagia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/farmacologia
20.
Am J Chin Med ; 52(1): 253-274, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38351702

RESUMO

Berberine (BBR) is a principal component of Rhizoma coptidis known for its therapeutic potential in treating diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity. Despite the trace levels of BBR in plasma, it's believed that its metabolites play a pivotal role in its biological activities. While BBR is recognized to promote GLP-1 production in intestinal L cells, the cytoprotective effects of its metabolites on these cells are yet to be explored. The present study investigates the effects of BBR metabolites on GLP-1 secretion and the underlying mechanisms. Our results revealed that, out of six BBR metabolites, berberrubine (BBB) and palmatine (PMT) significantly increased the production and glucose-stimulated secretion of GLP-1 in GLUTag cells. Notably, both BBB and PMT could facilitate GLP-1 and insulin secretion and enhance glucose tolerance in standard mice. Moreover, a single dose of PMT could markedly increase plasma GLP-1 and improve glucose tolerance in mice with obesity induced by a high-fat diet. In palmitic acid or TNF[Formula: see text]-treated GLUTag cells, BBB and PMT alleviated cell death, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Furthermore, they could effectively reverse inflammation-induced inhibition of the Akt signaling pathway. In general, these insights suggest that the beneficial effects of orally administered BBR on GLP-1 secretion are largely attributed to the pharmacological activity of BBB and PMT by their above cytoprotective effects on L cells, which provide important ideas for stimulating GLP-1 secretion and the treatment of T2DM.


Assuntos
Berberina , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Doenças Mitocondriais , Camundongos , Animais , Berberina/farmacologia , Berberina/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/metabolismo , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/farmacologia , Peptídeo 1 Semelhante ao Glucagon/uso terapêutico , Glucose , Obesidade/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Doenças Mitocondriais/tratamento farmacológico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...