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1.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(Suppl 14): 359, 2020 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32998692

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The abundance of molecular profiling of breast cancer tissues entailed active research on molecular marker-based early diagnosis of metastasis. Recently there is a surging interest in combining gene expression with gene networks such as protein-protein interaction (PPI) network, gene co-expression (CE) network and pathway information to identify robust and accurate biomarkers for metastasis prediction, reflecting the common belief that cancer is a systems biology disease. However, controversy exists in the literature regarding whether network markers are indeed better features than genes alone for predicting as well as understanding metastasis. We believe much of the existing results may have been biased by the overly complicated prediction algorithms, unfair evaluation, and lack of rigorous statistics. In this study, we propose a simple approach to use network edges as features, based on two types of networks respectively, and compared their prediction power using three classification algorithms and rigorous statistical procedure on one of the largest datasets available. To detect biomarkers that are significant for the prediction and to compare the robustness of different feature types, we propose an unbiased and novel procedure to measure feature importance that eliminates the potential bias from factors such as different sample size, number of features, as well as class distribution. RESULTS: Experimental results reveal that edge-based feature types consistently outperformed gene-based feature type in random forest and logistic regression models under all performance evaluation metrics, while the prediction accuracy of edge-based support vector machine (SVM) model was poorer, due to the larger number of edge features compared to gene features and the lack of feature selection in SVM model. Experimental results also show that edge features are much more robust than gene features and the top biomarkers from edge feature types are statistically more significantly enriched in the biological processes that are well known to be related to breast cancer metastasis. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, this study validates the utility of edge features as biomarkers but also highlights the importance of carefully designed experimental procedures in order to achieve statistically reliable comparison results.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Máquina de Vetores de Suporte , Área Sob a Curva , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes/genética , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Metástase Neoplásica , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Curva ROC
2.
Urol Clin North Am ; 47(4): 443-456, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008495

RESUMO

Cancer vaccines, cytokines, and checkpoint inhibitors are immunotherapeutic agents that act within the cancer immunity cycle. Prostate cancer has provided unique opportunities for, and challenges to, immunotherapy drug development, including low tumor mutational burdens, limited expression of PD-L1, and minimal T-cell intratumoral infiltrates. Nevertheless, efforts are ongoing to help prime prostate tumors by turning a "cold" prostate cancer "hot" and thus rendering them more susceptible to immunotherapy. Combination treatments, use of molecular biomarkers, and use of new immunotherapeutic agents provide opportunities to enhance the immune response to prostate tumors.


Assuntos
Vacinas Anticâncer/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Imunoterapia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/terapia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 5084, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33033253

RESUMO

Identifying factors underlying resistance to immune checkpoint therapy (ICT) is still challenging. Most cancer patients do not respond to ICT and the availability of the predictive biomarkers is limited. Here, we re-analyze a publicly available single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) dataset of melanoma samples of patients subjected to ICT and identify a subset of macrophages overexpressing TREM2 and a subset of gammadelta T cells that are both overrepresented in the non-responding tumors. In addition, the percentage of a B cell subset is significantly lower in the non-responders. The presence of these immune cell subtypes is corroborated in other publicly available scRNA-seq datasets. The analyses of bulk RNA-seq datasets of the melanoma samples identify and validate a signature - ImmuneCells.Sig - enriched with the genes characteristic of the above immune cell subsets to predict response to immunotherapy. ImmuneCells.Sig could represent a valuable tool for clinical decision making in patients receiving immunotherapy.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Imunoterapia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T gama-delta/metabolismo , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Área Sob a Curva , Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Macrófagos/patologia , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4946, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009409

RESUMO

Immune-related adverse events (irAEs), caused by anti-PD-1/PD-L1 antibodies, can lead to fulminant and even fatal consequences and thus require early detection and aggressive management. However, a comprehensive approach to identify biomarkers of irAE is lacking. Here, we utilize a strategy that combines pharmacovigilance data and omics data, and evaluate associations between multi-omics factors and irAE reporting odds ratio across different cancer types. We identify a bivariate regression model of LCP1 and ADPGK that can accurately predict irAE. We further validate LCP1 and ADPGK as biomarkers in an independent patient-level cohort. Our approach provides a method for identifying potential biomarkers of irAE in cancer immunotherapy using both pharmacovigilance data and multi-omics data.


Assuntos
Genômica , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias/imunologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(41): e22271, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33031269

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study will summarize the clinical significance of E-Cadherin and ß-catenin in early gastric cancer (EGC). METHODS: Eligible case-control studies were searched from Cochrane Library, PUBMED, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Google Scholar, CBM, and CNKI from inception to the present. In addition, we will also search other sources to avoid missing potential studies. Two authors will independently carry out study selection, data collection, and study methodological quality. A fixed or random-effects model will be utilize to synthesize the data, and RevMan 5.3 software will be used for data analysis. RESULTS: This study will summarize all eligible studies to investigate the clinical significance of E-Cadherin and ß-catenin in EGC. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study may present a genuine understanding of perspective on the clinical significance of E-Cadherin and ß-catenin in EGC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Caderinas/metabolismo , Projetos de Pesquisa , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Humanos , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
6.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4995, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020491

RESUMO

Endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (EnOC) demonstrates substantial clinical and molecular heterogeneity. Here, we report whole exome sequencing of 112 EnOC cases following rigorous pathological assessment. We detect a high frequency of mutation in CTNNB1 (43%), PIK3CA (43%), ARID1A (36%), PTEN (29%), KRAS (26%), TP53 (26%) and SOX8 (19%), a recurrently-mutated gene previously unreported in EnOC. POLE and mismatch repair protein-encoding genes were mutated at lower frequency (6%, 18%) with significant co-occurrence. A molecular taxonomy is constructed, identifying clinically distinct EnOC subtypes: cases with TP53 mutation demonstrate greater genomic complexity, are commonly FIGO stage III/IV at diagnosis (48%), are frequently incompletely debulked (44%) and demonstrate inferior survival; conversely, cases with CTNNB1 mutation, which is mutually exclusive with TP53 mutation, demonstrate low genomic complexity and excellent clinical outcome, and are predominantly stage I/II at diagnosis (89%) and completely resected (87%). Moreover, we identify the WNT, MAPK/RAS and PI3K pathways as good candidate targets for molecular therapeutics in EnOC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Endometrioide/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Endometrioide/metabolismo , Carcinoma Endometrioide/mortalidade , Carcinoma Endometrioide/patologia , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA , Feminino , Humanos , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Prognóstico , Transdução de Sinais , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
7.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(10): 1838-1849, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876480

RESUMO

The breast cancer gene 1 (BRCA1) is a tumor suppressor, and mutations or epigenetic inactivation will increase the risk of breast cancer oncogenesis. The current research aimed to explore the relationship between BRCA1 expression, prognosis, and tumor immunity in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, BRCA1 expression was analyzed via multiple online databases and its association with clinical characteristics, prognosis and genetic alterations was identified using the original The Cancer Genome Atlas-liver hepatocellular carcinoma cohorts. DNA methylation sites and their prognostic values were analyzed using MethSurv. The correlations between BRCA1 and immune infiltration were investigated via Tumor Immune Estimation Resource. As results, BRCA1 was significantly upregulated in tumor tissues in multiple HCC cohorts. Besides, high BRCA1 expression was correlated with race, advanced T stage, clinical stage, poor tumor grade, MSI status, and worse prognosis. Notably, BRCA1 expression was positively correlated with infiltration levels of B cells, CD4+ T cells, CD8+ T cells, neutrophils, macrophages, and dendritic cells. The current findings imply that BRCA1 is associated with prognosis and immune infiltration, laying foundations for in-depth research on the role of BRCA1 in HCC.


Assuntos
Proteína BRCA1/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteína BRCA1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/imunologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Movimento Celular , Metilação de DNA , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/imunologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia
8.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(3): 148-151, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901905

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Pheochromocytoma (PCC) and paraganglioma (PGL) associated with the succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) germline mutations are characterized by negative results of immunohistochemistry tests for SDH subunit B (SDHB). Genetic testing for the SDH complex (SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, and SDHAF2) is indicated only in patients with those diseases in whom immunohistochemistry tests for SDHB as a surrogate marker to detect the SDH complex mutation yield negative results. Two novel SDHB germline mutations, L157X and P236S, in PGL were previously reported. We therefore examined immunohistochemistry testing for SDHB in the PGLs with the SDHB germline mutations of L157X and P236S. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry for SDHB was performed in PGLs with the SDHB germline mutations of L157X and P236S. Five cases of sporadic PCC were subject to immunohistochemistry testing for SDHB. Normal tissue from the adrenal cortex adjacent to the sporadic PCC was used as the external positive control. RESULTS: Immunohistochemistry results were positive for SDHB in PGLs with the SDHB germline mutation of L157X and P236S, all five cases of sporadic PCC, and the adrenal cortex as the external positive control. CONCLUSION: Immunohistochemistry tests for SDHB showed positivity in PGLs associated with the SDHB germline mutations of L157X and P236S. Thus, immunohistochemistry testing for SDHB might not always reveal a surrogate marker in formal genetic testing of the SDH complex.


Assuntos
Neoplasias das Glândulas Suprarrenais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Paraganglioma/genética , Coloração e Rotulagem/métodos , Succinato Desidrogenase/genética , Succinato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Córtex Suprarrenal/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Resultados Negativos
9.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4660, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938908

RESUMO

Intratumor spatial heterogeneity facilitates therapeutic resistance in glioblastoma (GBM). Nonetheless, understanding of GBM heterogeneity is largely limited to the surgically resectable tumor core lesion while the seeds for recurrence reside in the unresectable tumor edge. In this study, stratification of GBM to core and edge demonstrates clinically relevant surgical sequelae. We establish regionally derived models of GBM edge and core that retain their spatial identity in a cell autonomous manner. Upon xenotransplantation, edge-derived cells show a higher capacity for infiltrative growth, while core cells demonstrate core lesions with greater therapy resistance. Investigation of intercellular signaling between these two tumor populations uncovers the paracrine crosstalk from tumor core that promotes malignancy and therapy resistance of edge cells. These phenotypic alterations are initiated by HDAC1 in GBM core cells which subsequently affect edge cells by secreting the soluble form of CD109 protein. Our data reveal the role of intracellular communication between regionally different populations of GBM cells in tumor recurrence.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glioblastoma/patologia , Histona Desacetilase 1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Animais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Encefálicas/mortalidade , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/mortalidade , Histona Desacetilase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Histona Desacetilase 2/genética , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos SCID , Fenilbutiratos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Microambiente Tumoral , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
10.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 21(1): 398, 2020 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32907537

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Protein biomarkers play important roles in cancer diagnosis. Many efforts have been made on measuring abnormal expression intensity in biological samples to identity cancer types and stages. However, the change of subcellular location of proteins, which is also critical for understanding and detecting diseases, has been rarely studied. RESULTS: In this work, we developed a machine learning model to classify protein subcellular locations based on immunohistochemistry images of human colon tissues, and validated the ability of the model to detect subcellular location changes of biomarker proteins related to colon cancer. The model uses representative image patches as inputs, and integrates feature engineering and deep learning methods. It achieves 92.69% accuracy in classification of new proteins. Two validation datasets of colon cancer biomarkers derived from published literatures and the human protein atlas database respectively are employed. It turns out that 81.82 and 65.66% of the biomarker proteins can be identified to change locations. CONCLUSIONS: Our results demonstrate that using image patches and combining predefined and deep features can improve the performance of protein subcellular localization, and our model can effectively detect biomarkers based on protein subcellular translocations. This study is anticipated to be useful in annotating unknown subcellular localization for proteins and discovering new potential location biomarkers.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Proteínas/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Bases de Dados de Proteínas , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Aprendizado de Máquina , Proteínas/classificação
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4520, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32908154

RESUMO

Tumor extracellular matrix has been associated with drug resistance and immune suppression. Here, proteomic and RNA profiling reveal increased collagen levels in lung tumors resistant to PD-1/PD-L1 blockade. Additionally, elevated collagen correlates with decreased total CD8+ T cells and increased exhausted CD8+ T cell subpopulations in murine and human lung tumors. Collagen-induced T cell exhaustion occurs through the receptor LAIR1, which is upregulated following CD18 interaction with collagen, and induces T cell exhaustion through SHP-1. Reduction in tumor collagen deposition through LOXL2 suppression increases T cell infiltration, diminishes exhausted T cells, and abrogates resistance to anti-PD-L1. Abrogating LAIR1 immunosuppression through LAIR2 overexpression or SHP-1 inhibition sensitizes resistant lung tumors to anti-PD-1. Clinically, increased collagen, LAIR1, and TIM-3 expression in melanoma patients treated with PD-1 blockade predict poorer survival and response. Our study identifies collagen and LAIR1 as potential markers for immunotherapy resistance and validates multiple promising therapeutic combinations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Colágeno/metabolismo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores Imunológicos/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/imunologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/genética , Aminoácido Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Animais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/imunologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Lewis/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Matriz Extracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Matriz Extracelular/imunologia , Matriz Extracelular/patologia , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Receptor Celular 2 do Vírus da Hepatite A/metabolismo , Humanos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 6/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , RNA-Seq , Receptores Imunológicos/genética
12.
Maturitas ; 140: 64-71, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Progesterone receptor membrane component-1 (PGRMC1) in breast cancer tissue has been suggested to predict a worse prognosis. The aim of this study was to assess for the first time whether PGRMC1 expressed in cancer tissue is associated with PGRMC1 blood concentrations and whether both are correlated with clinical tumour characteristics known to predict a worse outcome. METHODS: In total, 201 patients with invasive breast cancer and 65 with benign breast disease (control group) were recruited. PGRMC1 blood concentrations were measured by a recently developed ELISA, PGRMC1 in breast cancer tissue was assessed by immunohistochemistry, and the correlation between the two was calculated. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess area under the curve (AUC). Furthermore, PGRMC1 was correlated with tumour characteristics such as tumour diameter, tumour grade and metastatic status, and with known blood tumour markers. RESULTS: AUC for the breast cancer group was 0.713, which was significantly higher than in the control group (p < 0.01). Blood PGRMC1 concentrations had a strong (positive) correlation with tissue PGRMC1 expression (p < 0.01) but were not associated with serum tumour markers CEA, CA125, CA153 and TPS. Tissue PGRMC1, ER and cancer stage were positively associated with blood PGRMC1 (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: As PGRMC1 expression levels in cancer tissue were significantly correlated with PGRMC1 in blood, and because concentrations in blood were also positively associated with breast tumour characteristics known to predict a worse prognosis, PGRMC1 may be valuable as a new tumour marker and may be superior to known tumour markers such as CEA, CA125, CA153 and TPS.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Receptores de Progesterona/sangue , Receptores de Progesterona/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/sangue , Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e21999, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991403

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To explore the prognostic value of diverse subsets of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in prognosis in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) using meta-analysis. METHODS: Relevant studies were searched in the database of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Wanfang till November 2019. The relationship between TAMs and survival outcomes was estimated by pooling hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs); and the correlation of TAMs and clinicopathological factors was evaluated by using odds ratios (ORs) and 95%CIs. RESULTS: Six studies with 1549 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The high expression of CD68+ TAMs was associated with favorable disease-free survival (DFS) (HR = 0.66, 95%CI = 0.50-0.88, P = .005), whereas the density of M2-like TAMs (CD163+, CD68+CCL18+, and CD206+) was correlated to poor overall survival (OS) (HR = 1.77, 95%CI = 1.22-2.56, P = .003) and DFS (HR = 1.96, 95%CI = 1.00-3.85, P = .050) in patients with NPC. CONCLUSIONS: CD68+ TAM density is associated with superior DFS, while CD163+ M2-like TAMs predicted poor prognosis in patients with NPC.


Assuntos
Macrófagos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/mortalidade , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
14.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5877-5881, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988918

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Pleural effusion (PE) has a heterogeneous aetiology, and differential diagnosis between benign and malignant disease may require invasive procedures in up to 60% of cases. The sensitivity of pleural cytology is limited, and several strategies have been tested to reduce the need of invasive diagnostic approaches. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of pleural fluid cytology, compared to, and combined with, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), C reactive protein (CRP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay of pleural fluid (PF) in patients with a history of cancer, exudative non-purulent PE, and suspicion of malignant PE on imaging studies. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The medical records of 40 patients with pulmonary metastases and malignant PE, and 57 controls with benign exudative PE were reviewed. All the patients underwent pleural cytology and CEA, CRP, and LDH assay before VATS-guided biopsy. RESULTS: The sensitivity and specificity were 55.0% and 98.2% (cytology), 35.0% and 98.2% (CEA), 92.5% and 71.9% (CRP), 70.0% and 54.4% (LDH). The multivariate analysis excluded LDH, and the final AUC (cytology+CEA+CRP) was 0.894. CONCLUSION: In all patients with a history of cancer and PE of uncertain origin, the combination of PF cytology plus pleural CEA and CRP assay together should be suggested to recognize malignant plural effusion (MPE), minimising the use of unnecessary invasive investigations.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Diferencial , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Pleura/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/metabolismo , Citodiagnóstico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia , Pleura/patologia , Derrame Pleural Maligno/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/patologia
15.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(8): 648-652, 2020 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32867456

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between KDM6A mutation or expression and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Methods: Fifty-seven cases of gastric cancer tissues were analyzed by second-generation sequencing, and bioinformation database such as Cbioportal, Kaplan Meier-Plotter, and the Human Protein Atlas were used to analyze the relationship between KDM6A mutation and clinicopathological characteristics of gastric cancer. Results: Among 57 gastric cancer samples, 14 were KDM6A mutation, and the mutation proportion was 24.6%. Compared with the non-mutation group, the Borrmann classification, T stage, TNM stage and tumor diameter of KDM6A mutant group were significantly different (all P<0.05). The median survival time of the KDM6A mutant patients was 53.5 months, significantly shorter than 72.0 months of the KDM6A non-mutation patients (P=0.007). The analysis result of Kaplan Meier-Plotter database showed that, among all of the 875 patients, 655 patients had low KDM6A expression and 220 patients had high expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 23.5 months, significantly shorter than 30.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.002). In male, gastric cancer patients with stage Ⅲ, intestinal type, diffuse type, simple surgical treatment and fluorouracil chemotherapy, the expression of KDM6A is related to the patient's overall survival time (all P<0.05). The analysis result of Cbioportal database showed that, among all of the 1 172 gastric cancer patients, 70 patients with KDM6A mutation, 1100 patients with non-mutation. The median overall survival time of mutant patients was 28.9 months, significantly shorter than 35.9 months of non-mutation patients (P<0.001). The analysis result of Human Protein Atlas database showed that, among all of the 355 gastric cancer patients, 97 patients had high KDM6A expression and 258 patients had low KDM6A expression. The median survival time of patients with low expression was 13.7 months, significantly shorter than 19.8 months of patients with high expression (P=0.022). Conclusions: The survival time of gastric cancer patients with KDM6A mutation or low expression is shorter. The mutation and expression of KDM6A are related to clinical pathological factors, which may become a potential target for the diagnosis and treatment of gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Histona Desmetilases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases/genética , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(10): 1353-1365, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumour mutational burden (TMB) has been retrospectively correlated with response to immune checkpoint blockade. We prospectively explored the association of high tissue TMB (tTMB-high) with outcomes in ten tumour-type-specific cohorts from the phase 2 KEYNOTE-158 study, which assessed the anti-PD-1 monoclonal antibody pembrolizumab in patients with selected, previously treated, advanced solid tumours. METHODS: In the multi-cohort, open-label, non-randomised, phase 2 KEYNOTE-158 study, patients were enrolled from 81 academic facilities and community-based institutions across 21 countries in Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older, had a histologically or cytologically confirmed advanced (ie, unresectable or metastatic, or both) incurable solid tumour (eligible tumour types were anal, biliary, cervical, endometrial, mesothelioma, neuroendocrine, salivary, small-cell lung, thyroid, and vulvar), progression on or intolerance to one or more lines of standard therapy, had measurable disease per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST; version 1.1) assessed by independent central radiological review, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, life expectancy of at least 3 months, adequate organ function, and a tumour sample for biomarker analysis. Participants were given pembrolizumab 200 mg intravenously every 3 weeks for up to 35 cycles. Tissue TMB (tTMB) was assessed in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumour samples using the FoundationOne CDx assay (Foundation Medicine, Cambridge, MA, USA). The prespecified definition of tTMB-high status was at least 10 mutations per megabase. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with an objective response (complete or partial response) as per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumours (version 1.1) by independent central review. This prespecified analysis assessed the association between antitumour activity and tTMB in treated patients with evaluable tTMB data. Efficacy was assessed in all participants who received at least one dose of pembrolizumab, had evaluable tTMB data, and were enrolled at least 26 weeks before data cutoff (June 27, 2019), and safety was assessed in all participants who received at least one dose of pembrolizumab and had tTMB-high status. KEYNOTE-158 is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02628067, and is ongoing. FINDINGS: Between Jan 15, 2016, and June 25, 2019, 1073 patients were enrolled. 1066 participants were treated as of data cutoff (June 27, 2019), of whom 805 (76%) were evaluable for TMB, and 105 (13%) of 805 had tTMB-high status and were assessed for safety. 1050 (98%) of 1066 patients enrolled by at least 26 weeks before data cutoff, of whom 790 (75%) were evaluable for TMB and included in efficacy analyses. 102 (13%) of these 790 patients had tTMB-high status (≥10 mutations per megabase), and 688 (87%) patients had non-tTMB-high status (<10 mutations per megabase). Median study follow-up was 37·1 months (IQR 35·0-38·3). Objective responses were observed in 30 (29%; 95% CI 21-39) of 102 patients in the tTMB-high group and 43 (6%; 5-8) of 688 in the non-tTMB-high group. 11 (10%) of 105 patients had treatment-related serious adverse events. 16 (15%) participants had a grade 3-5 treatment-related adverse event, of which colitis was the only such adverse event that occurred in more than one patient (n=2). One patient had fatal pneumonia that was assessed by the investigator to be treatment related. INTERPRETATION: tTMB-high status identifies a subgroup of patients who could have a robust tumour response to pembrolizumab monotherapy. tTMB could be a novel and useful predictive biomarker for response to pembrolizumab monotherapy in patients with previously treated recurrent or metastatic advanced solid tumours. FUNDING: Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp, a subsidiary of Merck & Co, Inc.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias/terapia , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Critérios de Avaliação de Resposta em Tumores Sólidos , Análise de Sobrevida
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e20428, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prognostic significance of CD44 variant-9 (CD44v9) expression in human cancers has been investigated in several studies, however, definite conclusion has not be reached. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the prognostic significance of CD44v9 expression in various cancers. METHODS: Three common databases were searched and retrieved studies were assessed using the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The further analyses for overall survival (OS), recurrence-free survival (RFS), and clinicopathological parameters were performed. RESULTS: Fifteen studies containing 1633 cancer patients were included into this research. Patients with positive CD44v9 expression tended to have shorter OS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.93, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.48-2.52, P < .01) and RFS (HR = 3.60, 95% CI = 1.52-8.53, P < .01) when compared with patients with negative CD44v9 expression. Positive CD44v9 expression was associated with larger tumor size (P = .04), deeper tumor invasion (P < .01), earlier lymph node metastasis (P < .01), and more advanced clinical stage (P < .01) when compared with negative CD44v9 expression. CONCLUSION: Positive CD44v9 expression predicted worse prognosis in human cancers compared with negative CD44v9 expression. CD44v9 expression could serve as a prognostic factor of human cancers.


Assuntos
Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Prognóstico
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21324, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate whether the expression level of long non-coding RNA activated by transforming growth factor-ß (lncRNA-ATB) is correlated with the prognosis of digestive system cancer (DSC) patients. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Springerlink, Nature, and Karger databases were searched up to April 20, 2019 by 2 experienced researchers independently. The quality of studies was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa scale. The Review Manager 5.2 and STATA 12.0 software were used for this meta-analysis. RESULT: Eleven studies with 1227 DSC patients were included in the meta-analysis. Except for pancreatic cancer, high expression of lncRNA-ATB was associated with lymph node metastasis (risk ratio (RR) = 1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.12-1.42, P < .001), advanced clinical staging (RR = 1.44, 95%CI: 1.23-1.69, P < .001), reduced overall survival rate (OS) (hazard ratio (HR) = 2.33, 95%CI: 1.22-4.50, P = .01), and recurrence-free survival (RFS) (HR = 2.61, 95%CI: 1.46-4.65, P = .001) compared with low lncRNA-ATB expression in DSCs. CONCLUSIONS: High expression of lncRNA-ATB was significantly correlated with poor prognosis for most DSCs. The expression level of lncRNA-ATB could be a promising prognostic biomarker for DSC patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Sistema Digestório/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática/genética , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Cancer Invest ; 38(7): 406-414, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 play a key dysfunction of T lymphocytes. The purpose of this study was to assess and compare the prognostic role of tumor- TILs and its relationship with PD-L1 expression in stage II and III colon cancer. METHODS: Immunohistochemisty was used to assess the densities of CD8+, CD4+, and FOXP3+ cells, and PD-L1 expression in intraepithelial tumor site from 58 stage II and III colon cancers. These were evaluated for association with histopathologic features and overall survival. RESULTS: PD-L1-positive tumors contained a higher number of CD8+ TILs with statistical significance (p = 0.001). CD4+ TILs showed positive correlation with PD-L1 expression (p = 0.034). There were no associations between PD-L1 expression and FOXP3+ TILs. Microsatellite instability (MSI)-high status (p = 0.001; Odd ration 18.0; 95% CI = 4.3-74.8) was the strongest prognostic factor along with mucinous/poor cell differentiation, CD8 and right tumor location was associated with PD-L1 expression (p = 0.024, 0.035 and 0.033, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that PD-L1 expression was associated with MSI-high, increased CD8+ TILs, mucinous and poor cell differentiation, and right-sided tumor location.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/patologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/patologia , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Feminino , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/metabolismo , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/patologia , Masculino , Instabilidade de Microssatélites , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(10): 1813-1824, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32816580

RESUMO

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) refers to breast cancer without significant expression of estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), or human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. We sought to identify the hub genes and find the potential progression mechanism of TNBC as well as immunotherapeutic targets. First, we screened the overlapped hub genes of Immune and Stromal, and the tumor mutation burden gene sets, as well as the The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA)-TNBC data set. Among these hub genes, we performed gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and gene set variation analysis analyses to recognize and evaluate the hub genes. Moreover, immune cell infiltration was evaluated by the CIBERSORT algorithm and single-sample GSEA. In addition, the expression and methylation of scavenger receptor class A member 5 (SCARA5) in TNBC were verified by quantitative PCR and methylation-specific PCR. Also, MTT and transwell assays were used to assess the biological function of SCARA5 in TNBC. SCARA5 and CMA1 were listed, and they mainly participated in cancer-related signaling pathways and immune-related signaling pathways. Interestingly, SCARA5 was closely associated with tumor purity and immune cell infiltration. Moreover, we found that SCARA5 was significantly downregulated and hypermethylation was in the promoter of SCARA5 in TNBC tissues. Our study showed the role of SCARA5 in proliferation and migration of TNBC, and suggested that SCARA5 can potentially serve as a candidate immunotherapy target for TNBC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Metilação de DNA , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Humanos , Receptores Depuradores Classe A/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transcriptoma , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
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