Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 17.586
Filtrar
1.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(21)2022 Oct 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36365934

RESUMO

Despite the long history of fingerprint biometrics and its use to authenticate individuals, there are still some unsolved challenges with fingerprint acquisition and presentation attack detection (PAD). Currently available commercial fingerprint capture devices struggle with non-ideal skin conditions, including soft skin in infants. They are also susceptible to presentation attacks, which limits their applicability in unsupervised scenarios such as border control. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) could be a promising solution to these problems. In this work, we propose a digital signal processing chain for segmenting two complementary fingerprints from the same OCT fingertip scan: One fingerprint is captured as usual from the epidermis ("outer fingerprint"), whereas the other is taken from inside the skin, at the junction between the epidermis and the underlying dermis ("inner fingerprint"). The resulting 3D fingerprints are then converted to a conventional 2D grayscale representation from which minutiae points can be extracted using existing methods. Our approach is device-independent and has been proven to work with two different time domain OCT scanners. Using efficient GPGPU computing, it took less than a second to process an entire gigabyte of OCT data. To validate the results, we captured OCT fingerprints of 130 individual fingers and compared them with conventional 2D fingerprints of the same fingers. We found that both the outer and inner OCT fingerprints were backward compatible with conventional 2D fingerprints, with the inner fingerprint generally being less damaged and, therefore, more reliable.


Assuntos
Dermatoglifia , Pele , Humanos , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Biometria/métodos , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos , Dedos/diagnóstico por imagem , Dedos/anatomia & histologia
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 19478, 2022 Nov 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36376354

RESUMO

Cataract surgery is among the most common medical procedures, and accurate ocular biometry measurements are key for successful visual outcome. The current study evaluated data obtained by the Eyestar 900, Anterion, IOLMaster700 biometers and the Pentacam corneal topographer. Compared values were axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), steep- and flat-K, cylinder and axis. Clinical impact was assessed by calculating intraocular lens (IOL) power using the mean values of every parameter and the Barrett and Kane formulas, stratified by device and amount of cylinder. IOL was re-calculated for each device substituting Pentacam K-values. This study included 196 eyes (98 participants) of cataract surgery candidates. When comparing the IOLMaster to the Eyestar (157 eyes), no difference was found in mean AL or ACD measurements (P > 0.05). Steep-K measurements differed between these devices and the Pentacam (P = 0.01). AL and ACD measurements differed between the IOLMaster and Anterion (38 eyes; P < 0.05). Strong correlations (range 0.72-0.99) were found between all four devices. Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated excellent agreement between biometry devices other than ACD between the IOLMaster and Eyestar. Calculated IOL power was 0.50-1.00 diopter (D) lower with the IOLMaster. Cylinder power was 0.75D higher in all biometers when Pentacam K-values were substituted.


Assuntos
Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Humanos , Câmara Anterior/anatomia & histologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Biometria , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 22(1): 421, 2022 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36335303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the possible effect of implantable collamer lens (ICL) V4c on ocular biometric measurements by a new biometer Pentacam-AXL and partial coherence interferometry (PCI)-based IOLMaster 500 and intraocular lens power calculation using fourth-generation formula. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled patients who underwent ICL (EVO-V4c, STAAR Surgical Co. Nidau, Switzerland) implantation surgery from September 2020 to November 2021. The Pentacam-AXL and IOLMaster 500 biometers were used to measure axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), keratometry (K), white to white (WTW), and central corneal thickness (CCT) values before and at least 2 months after ICL V4c implantation. The IOL power was calculated using the Barrett Universal II formula. RESULTS: The study included 45 eyes in 28 patients. There was a significant increase in ALs (average 0.03 ± 0.07 mm, p = 0.01) and a significant decrease of ACDs (average 0.19 ± 0.17 mm, p < 0.001) based on Pentacam-AXL. Similar changes in ALs and ACDs were also found in IOLMaster 500. In addition, the difference in WTWs in the two devices and that of CCTs in Pentacam-AXL were statistically significant. However, the preoperative and postoperative K1 and K2 were separately comparable using either device. The IOL power calculated by the Barrett Universal II formula did not change significantly either by the software built in Pentacam-AXL or by manually putting the parameters of the IOLMaster 500 into the formula manually (p = 0.058, p = 0.675, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Ocular parameters including ALs, ACDs, WTWs, and CCTs using a new Pentacam-AXL and standard PCI-based IOLMaster 500 changed significantly before and after the ICL V4c implantation, while IOL power prediction using the Barrett Universal II formula was little affected.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Refração Ocular , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Biometria , Comprimento Axial do Olho
4.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 63(12): 19, 2022 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36374513

RESUMO

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of myopia among patients with primary angle closure disease (PACD) in rural China and their ocular biometric characteristics. Methods: Study subjects were recruited from the Handan Eye Study. A/B-mode scan (Cine Scan, Quantel Medical, Cedex, France) was used to measure the axial length, anterior chamber depth (ACD), and lens thickness (LT). PACD was defined as the anterior chamber angle being considered closed when 180 degrees or more of the posterior pigmented trabecular meshwork were not visible on the gonioscopy. Myopia was defined as a spherical equivalent (SE) refractive error ≤-0.5 diopter (D). Persons who did not meet PACD definition were classified as the open-angle (OA) group. Results: The overall prevalence of myopia in persons with PACD was 13.7% (11.6% in primary angle closure suspect [PACS], 21.6% in primary angle closure [PAC], 62.5% in primary angle closure glaucoma [PACG]). The age-specific prevalence of myopia in PACD eyes was 41.7% at 30 to 39 years old, 12.3% at 40 to 49 years old, 8.7% at 50 to 59 years old, 10.7% at 60 to 69 years old, and 31.7% at age 70 years and over. PACD had shorter AL (22.2 ± 0.8 vs. 22.9 ± 0.9 mm, P < 0.001), shallower ACD (2.3 ± 0.3 vs. 2.8 ± 0.4 mm, P < 0.001), and greater LT (5.0 ± 0.5 vs. 4.7 ± 0.5 mm, P < 0.001). PACD had even thicker lenses and deeper ACD with age than those with OA (all P ≤ 0.025) from 30 years to 70 years of age and over. Conclusions: Myopia was common among persons with PACD who were less than 40 years of age in this rural Chinese population, and over half of those with PACG were myopic.


Assuntos
Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado , Miopia , Humanos , Idoso , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/diagnóstico , Glaucoma de Ângulo Fechado/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Gonioscopia , Biometria/métodos , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Pressão Intraocular
5.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18644, 2022 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36333404

RESUMO

The study is to evaluate the performance of ocular biometric measures and uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) for detecting myopia among Chinese students. Among 5- to 18-year-old Chinese students from two cities of China, trained eye-care professionals performed assessment of ocular biometrics (axial length (AL), corneal curvature radius (CR), anterior chamber depth) under noncycloplegic conditions using NIDEK Optical Biometer AL-Scan, distance visual acuity using retro-illuminated logMAR chart with tumbling-E optotypes, and cycloplegic refractive error using NIDEK autorefractor with administration of 0.5% tropicamide. Spherical equivalent (SER) in diopters (D) was calculated as sphere plus half cylinder, and myopia was defined as SER ≤ - 0.5 D. Performances of ocular biometrics and UCVA (individually and in combination) for detecting myopia were evaluated using sensitivity and specificity, predictive values, and area under ROC curve (AUC) in both development dataset and validation dataset. Among 3436 students (mean age 9.7 years, 51% female), the mean (SD) cycloplegic SER was - 0.20 (2.18) D, and 1269 (36.9%) had myopia. Cycloplegic SER was significantly correlated with AL (Pearson Correlation coefficient r = - 0.82), AL/CR ratio (r = - 0.90), and UCVA (r = 0.79), but was not correlated with CR (r = 0.02, p = 0.15). The AL/CR ratio detected myopia with AUC 0.963 (95% CI 0.957-0.969) and combination with UCVA improved the AUC to 0.976 (95% CI 0.971-0.981). Using age-specific AL/CR cutoff (> 3.00 for age < 10 years, > 3.06 for 10-14 years, > 3.08 for ≥ 15 years) as myopia positive, the sensitivity and specificity were 87.0% (95% CI 84.4-89.6%) and 87.8% (86.0-89.6%), respectively, in the development dataset and 86.4% (95% CI 83.7-89.1%) and 89.4% (95% CI 87.3-91.4%), respectively, in the validation dataset. Combining AL/CR and UCVA (worse than 20/32 for age < 10 years, and 20/25 for ≥ 10 years) provided 91.9% (95% CI 90.4-93.4%) sensitivity and 87.0% (95% CI 85.6-88.4%) specificity, positive value of 80.6% (95% CI 78.5-82.6%) and negative value of 94.8% (95% CI 93.8-95.8%). These results suggest that AL/CR ratio is highly correlated with cycloplegic refractive error and detects myopia with high sensitivity and specificity,  AL/CR ratio alone or in combination with UCVA can be used as a tool for myopia screening or for estimating myopia prevalence in large epidemiological studies with limited resources for cycloplegic refraction.


Assuntos
Miopia , Erros de Refração , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Adolescente , Masculino , Midriáticos , Miopia/diagnóstico , Miopia/epidemiologia , Refração Ocular , Acuidade Visual , Biometria , Erros de Refração/diagnóstico , Córnea , Estudantes , China/epidemiologia
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 18845, 2022 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36344612

RESUMO

To verify the influence of axial length (AL) variations after cataract surgery in IOL power calculation. Patients underwent ophthalmic evaluation before surgery, including optical biometry with IOLMaster 500. Same exams were repeated 2 months after surgery: AL of operated eye was evaluated using two modes (pseudophakic/aphakic options). Mean Keratometry and AL changes were analyzed. Furthermore, refractive prediction error (PE) was back-calculated with Barrett Universal-II, Hoffer-Q, Holladay-1 and SRK/T formulas. To eliminate any systematic error, the mean error (ME) was zeroed-out for each formula. MEs and median absolute errors (MedAEs) of PEs were analyzed. Two-hundred-one operated eyes of 201 patients and 201 opposite eyes were evaluated. In operated eyes, mean AL difference was - 0.11 ± 0.07 mm (p < 0.001) with pseudophakic option and 0.00 ± 0.07 mm (p = 0.922) with aphakic option. There were not-statistically significant differences between MedAE of PEs calculated after zeroing-out the ME with different ALs (p > 0.05). Instead, only MEs of PEs obtained with postoperative ALs-pseudophakic option were not-statistically different from zero (p > 0.05). AL measurement change after cataract surgery is probably due to a systematic error in optical biometer in case of phakic eyes. A correction factor applied to preoperative AL could eliminate any systematic error in IOL power calculation without modifying the lens constant.


Assuntos
Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Erros de Refração , Humanos , Refração Ocular , Comprimento Axial do Olho , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Biometria , Estudos Retrospectivos , Óptica e Fotônica
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 101(38): e30818, 2022 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36197213

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study is aimed to compare the effect of robot-assisted gait training when the intensity is controlled using patients' biometric data to when controlled by therapist's subjective judgment. DESIGN: This is non-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled study. Patients were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In biometric data control group, exercise intensity was controlled through the patient's heart rate or rating of perceived exertion (RPE). The intensity was raised to the next level when the patient's heart rate reserve was less than 40 percent or the RPE was less than 12 points. The exercise intensity of the therapist control group was adjusted according to the judgement of a therapist. All patients were instructed to perform robot (Morning Walk®)-assisted 20-minute gait training session five times a week during 3 weeks. The primary outcome was functional ambulation category (FAC). The secondary outcomes were modified Barthel index (MBI), Berg balance scale (BBS), timed up and go test (TUG) and 10-meter walk test (10MWT) The outcomes were evaluated at baseline and after 3-week gait training. RESULTS: A total of 55 patients with stroke were enrolled. After robotic rehabilitation, the primary outcome, FAC improved significantly (P < .05) in both groups. Also, secondary outcomes, including MBI, BBS, TUG, 10MWT, showed significant improvement (P < .05) in all groups. In addition, when comparing the functional change from baseline to week 3 between the two groups, there was no statistically significant difference in FAC (P > .05). The difference of baseline and week 3 of secondary outcome measure, MBI, BBS, TUG, 10MWT, showed no significant difference (P > .05). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, when the robot intensity was adjusted using the patient's heart rate or RPE, the treatment effect has no significant difference to when adjusting the intensity according to the know-how of the therapist.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neurológicos da Marcha , Robótica , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Biometria , Terapia por Exercício , Marcha , Humanos , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
9.
PLoS One ; 17(10): e0268756, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36206268

RESUMO

Ethnicity, native and/or foreign language knowledge, as well as the learned writing systems potentially influence the development of an individual's handwriting. The unique education system consisting of National schools, Chinese-medium vernacular schools, Tamil-medium vernacular schools, and Islamic religious schools in Malaysia may have established specific characteristic handwritten allographic features that deserve investigation within the intelligence context. This study was aimed to explore handwritten allographic features of handwriting samples from 120 subjects (30 writers from four different educational backgrounds mentioned above). Characteristic features which could be attributed to the study groups were statistically analyzed and identified. In this study, thirteen allographic features, including letters "A", "B", "D", "H", "p", "T", "t", "w", "X" and "x", were found to be discriminative. Such information could serve to indicate the primary education system undergone by a writer; enabling the comparison of different handwriting profiles and allowing characterization of writers to a specific group of people.


Assuntos
Etnicidade , Escrita Manual , Biometria , Humanos , Índia , Idioma
10.
Cesk Slov Oftalmol ; 78(5): 228-232, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220362

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the study was to analyse the values of the anteroposterior corneal optical power ratio (AP ratio), to compare the resulting values with those of theoretical models of the eye, and to define the effect of using an individual ratio value on the approximation of the total corneal power. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 406 eyes were included. Each patient underwent an OCT (RTVue XR) examination, according to which the AP ratio of the cornea was determined, as well as the biometric parameters of the eye (Lenstar LS900). The correlation between the biometric parameters of the eye and the individual AP ratio values was evaluated using Pearsons correlation coefficient. In the analysis, the AP ratio results were compared with selected schematic models of the eye. Using Gaussian equations, a theoretical calculation of the total corneal optical power (KG) was performed, by fitting the AP ratio value and comparing it with the actually measured total corneal power (TCP). RESULTS: The mean value of the individually determined AP ratio was 1.17 ±0.02. The most frequently represented interval (33.74 %) was 1.17 to 1.18 AP ratio values, with the vast majority of eyes (79.56 %) in the range of 1.15 to 1.20. Individual values of total corneal optical power were statistically significantly different (p < 0.05) from the theoretical values of TCP (except in the Liu-Brennan eye model, where p = 0.06). The lowest mean difference of values was found for the Navarro schematic model. The dependence of the measured AP ratio values and biometric parameters reached a moderate negative correlation (r = -0.50 for p < 0.05) with the parameter corneal posterior surface curvature (Rp), as well as a weak negative correlation with limbal diameter WtW (r = -0.26 for p < 0.05) and a weak positive correlation with central corneal thickness CCT (r = 0.17 for p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The assumption of a constant value of the AP ratio according to the selected schematic models of the eye is statistically significantly different from the actual measured values and was defined to have only a negative weak correlation with the size of the limbus diameter. Using the resulting average value of the determined AP ratio (1.17 ±0.02), a lower difference between real and calculated total corneal optical power was achieved.


Assuntos
Córnea , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Biometria , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
11.
Cesk Slov Oftalmol ; 78(5): 236-240, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36220363

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare the accuracy of intraocular lens power calculation formulas and to examine the correlation of this exactness with the axial length for eyes shorter than 22.00 mm Methods: The data of hyperopic patients who underwent uneventful phacoemulsification between October 2015 and June 2019 were reviewed. The intraocular lens power for each patient was calculated using 6 formulas (Holladay1, SRK/T, Hoffer Q, Holladay 2, Haigis and Barrett Universal II) before cataract surgery. Postoperative refraction was measured, and refractive prediction error was calculated 3 months after phacoemulsification. The correlation between axial length and absolute error was evaluated. RESULTS: Fifty-six patients (62 eyes) whose ocular axial length ranged between 20.58 mm and 21.97 mm were included in the study. The Hoffer Q formula achieved the lowest mean absolute error of 0.09 (±0.08 D). A significant correlation for the Hoffer Q (ρ = -0.329, p = 0.009) and the SRK/T (ρ = 0.321, p = 0.011) formula was observed. CONCLUSIONS: 1. The Hoffer Q formula obtained the lowest absolute error and was recommended for intraocular lens power calculation for eyeballs with axial length shorter than 22.0 mm. 2. The correlation between axial length and absolute error is a factor which should be considered when calculating intraocular lens power.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Erros de Refração , Biometria/métodos , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(3): 308-313, 2022 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36221818

RESUMO

Individual identification is one of the research hotspots in the practice of forensic science, and the judgment is usually built on the comparison of the unique biological characteristics of the individual, such as fingerprints, iris and DNA. With the dramatic increase in the number of cases related to video image investigations, there is an increasing need for the technology to identify individuals based on the macroscopic comparison of facial appearance biometrics. At present, with the introduction of computer three-dimensional (3D) modeling and 3D superimposition comparison technology, considerable progress has been made in individual identification methods based on macroscopic comparison of facial appearance biometrics. This paper reviews individual facial appearance biometric methods based on macroscopical comparison, comprehensively analyzes the advantages and limitations of different methods, and puts forward recommendations and prospects for subsequent research.


Assuntos
Identificação Biométrica , Biometria/métodos , Face/anatomia & histologia , Ciências Forenses/métodos , Humanos
13.
Hist Philos Life Sci ; 44(4): 49, 2022 Oct 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36269490

RESUMO

This paper contributes to the ongoing reassessment of the controversy between William Bateson and Karl Pearson by characterising what we call "Batesonian Mendelism" and "Pearsonian biometry" as coherent and competing scientific outlooks. Contrary to the thesis that such a controversy stemmed from diverging theoretical commitments on the nature of heredity and evolution, we argue that Pearson's and Bateson's alternative views on those processes ultimately relied on different appraisals of the methodological value of the statistical apparatus developed by Francis Galton. Accordingly, we contend that Bateson's belief in the primacy of cross-breeding experiments over statistical analysis constituted a minimal methodological unifying condition ensuring the internal coherence of Batesonian Mendelism. Moreover, this same belief implied a view of the study of heredity and evolution as an experimental endeavour and a conception of heredity and evolution as fundamentally discontinuous processes. Similarly, we identify a minimal methodological unifying condition for Pearsonian biometry, which we characterise as the view that experimental methods had to be subordinate to statistical analysis, according to methodological standards set by biometrical research. This other methodological commitment entailed conceiving the study of heredity and evolution as subsumable under biometry and primed Pearson to regard discontinuous hereditary and evolutionary processes as exceptions to a statistical norm. Finally, we conclude that Batesonian Mendelism and Pearsonian biometry represented two potential versions of a single genetics-based evolutionary synthesis since the methodological principles and the phenomena that played a central role in the former were also acknowledged by the latter-albeit as fringe cases-and conversely.


Assuntos
Genética , Hereditariedade , Biometria , Evolução Molecular , Projetos de Pesquisa , Genética/história
14.
Anal Chem ; 94(41): 14492-14501, 2022 10 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36194848

RESUMO

Three-dimensional (3D) hollow photoactive nanomaterials can enhance light capture due to the light scattering benefiting from the unique hollow nanostructures, which contributes to the decrease in energy loss and the electron-hole recombination during the process of photoelectric conversion. Herein, a 3D hollow HCdS@Au nanosphere synthesized by the templated-assisted method and photodeposition is employed to construct a multimodal sensing platform by combining the photoelectrochemical (PEC) biosensor with colorimetric analysis and photothermal imaging. In the presence of target carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), a sandwich structure is formed on magnetic beads based on the dual-aptamer recognition, followed by the initiation of rolling circle amplification (RCA) to bind numerous CuO-DNA probes. Upon stimulation by chlorhydric acidic, a large number of Cu2+ is released from CuO, which could interact with yellow HCdS@Au on electrode to produce dark CuS by ion exchange. As a result, with increased CEA level, the photocurrent is weakened and the color of electrode interface is changed from yellow to dark, which thus facilitates the PEC and colorimetric detection of CEA. Simultaneously, the formed CuS with highly photothermal effect can achieve qualitative visual analysis of CEA using a portable infrared thermal imager. This work exhibits an excellent performance for sensitive and selective detection of CEA in the dynamic working range from 0.015 to 2.4 ng/mL with a detection limit as low as 3.5 pg/mL. Moreover, the proposed PEC biosensor is successfully applied to CEA determination in human serum, which holds great promise in accurate analysis of biomarkers and early diagnosis of diseases in the clinic.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanosferas , Biometria , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/análise , Cobre , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Ouro/química , Humanos , Troca Iônica , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
15.
J Refract Surg ; 38(10): 668-673, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36214349

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the refractive prediction error of four intraocular lens (IOL) calculation formulas in eyes that have undergone scleral fixation using the four-flanged technique. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients who underwent scleral fixation using the four-flanged technique at the Shamir Medical Center between 2020 and 2021. Refractive prediction errors for four IOL prediction formulas (Barrett Universal II, Holladay 1, SRK/T, and Kane) were obtained by subtracting the predicted spherical equivalent from the postoperative spherical equivalent. Mean arithmetic refractive prediction error and mean absolute error were calculated and compared. RESULTS: Twenty-three eyes of 23 patients were included in the analysis. The Akreos AO60 IOL (Bausch & Lomb, Inc) was implanted in 9 eyes and the BunnyLens HP IOL (Hanita Lenses) in 14 eyes. Mean age was 72.84 ± 13.2 years. All formulas produced myopic mean arithmetic refractive prediction error. Mean arithmetic refractive error and mean absolute error were equal in absolute number. Mean arithmetic refractive prediction errors were -0.72 diopters (D) for Barrett Universal II, -0.61 D for Holladay 1, -0.77 D for SRK/T, and -0.94 D for Kane formulas. The refractive outcome differed significantly from the predicted refraction in all formulas. There were no statistically significant differences in prediction errors between the formulas. CONCLUSIONS: Refractive outcomes of the four-flanged fixation technique produced myopic results compared to the predicted refraction for all formulas tested. This suggests that the effective lens position is more anterior than in-the-bag IOL implantation. [J Refract Surg. 2022;36(10):668-673.].


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Miopia , Facoemulsificação , Erros de Refração , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biometria/métodos , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miopia/cirurgia , Óptica e Fotônica , Refração Ocular , Estudos Retrospectivos
16.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(20)2022 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298176

RESUMO

Affective, emotional, and physiological states (AFFECT) detection and recognition by capturing human signals is a fast-growing area, which has been applied across numerous domains. The research aim is to review publications on how techniques that use brain and biometric sensors can be used for AFFECT recognition, consolidate the findings, provide a rationale for the current methods, compare the effectiveness of existing methods, and quantify how likely they are to address the issues/challenges in the field. In efforts to achieve the key goals of Society 5.0, Industry 5.0, and human-centered design better, the recognition of emotional, affective, and physiological states is progressively becoming an important matter and offers tremendous growth of knowledge and progress in these and other related fields. In this research, a review of AFFECT recognition brain and biometric sensors, methods, and applications was performed, based on Plutchik's wheel of emotions. Due to the immense variety of existing sensors and sensing systems, this study aimed to provide an analysis of the available sensors that can be used to define human AFFECT, and to classify them based on the type of sensing area and their efficiency in real implementations. Based on statistical and multiple criteria analysis across 169 nations, our outcomes introduce a connection between a nation's success, its number of Web of Science articles published, and its frequency of citation on AFFECT recognition. The principal conclusions present how this research contributes to the big picture in the field under analysis and explore forthcoming study trends.


Assuntos
Emoções , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Humanos , Emoções/fisiologia , Biometria , Inteligência Artificial
17.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(20)2022 Oct 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36298292

RESUMO

How to hide messages in digital images so that messages cannot be discovered and tampered with is a compelling topic in the research area of cybersecurity. The interpolation-based reversible data hiding (RDH) scheme is especially useful for the application of medical image management. The biometric information of patients acquired by biosensors is embedded into an interpolated medical image for the purpose of authentication. The proposed scheme classifies pixel blocks into complex and smooth ones according to each block's dynamic range of pixel values. For a complex block, the minimum-neighbor (MN) interpolation followed by DIM embedding is applied, where DIM denotes the difference between the block's interpolated pixel values and the maximum pixel values. For a smooth block, the block mean (BM) interpolation is followed by a prediction error histogram (PEH) embedding and a difference expansion (DE) embedding is applied. Compared with previous methods, this adaptive strategy ensures low distortion due to embedding for smooth blocks while it provides a good payload for complex blocks. Our scheme is suitable for both medical and general images. Experimental results confirm the effectiveness of the proposed scheme. Performance comparisons with state-of-the-art schemes are also given. The peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) of the proposed scheme is 10.32 dB higher than the relevant works in the best case.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Segurança Computacional , Humanos , Razão Sinal-Ruído , Biometria , Gestão da Informação
18.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(19)2022 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236238

RESUMO

Gait is a unique biometric trait with several useful properties. It can be recognized remotely and without the cooperation of the individual, with low-resolution cameras, and it is difficult to obscure. Therefore, it is suitable for crime investigation, surveillance, and access control. Existing approaches for gait recognition generally belong to the supervised learning domain, where all samples in the dataset are annotated. In the real world, annotation is often expensive and time-consuming. Moreover, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) have dominated the field of gait recognition for many years and have been extensively researched, while other recent methods such as vision transformer (ViT) remain unexplored. In this manuscript, we propose a self-supervised learning (SSL) approach for pretraining the feature extractor using the DINO model to automatically learn useful gait features with the vision transformer architecture. The feature extractor is then used for extracting gait features on which the fully connected neural network classifier is trained using the supervised approach. Experiments on CASIA-B and OU-MVLP gait datasets show the effectiveness of the proposed approach.


Assuntos
Marcha , Redes Neurais de Computação , Biometria , Endoscopia , Aprendizado de Máquina Supervisionado
19.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(19)2022 Sep 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236462

RESUMO

Identifying an individual based on their physical/behavioral characteristics is known as biometric recognition. Gait is one of the most reliable biometrics due to its advantages, such as being perceivable at a long distance and difficult to replicate. The existing works mostly leverage Convolutional Neural Networks for gait recognition. The Convolutional Neural Networks perform well in image recognition tasks; however, they lack the attention mechanism to emphasize more on the significant regions of the image. The attention mechanism encodes information in the image patches, which facilitates the model to learn the substantial features in the specific regions. In light of this, this work employs the Vision Transformer (ViT) with an attention mechanism for gait recognition, referred to as Gait-ViT. In the proposed Gait-ViT, the gait energy image is first obtained by averaging the series of images over the gait cycle. The images are then split into patches and transformed into sequences by flattening and patch embedding. Position embedding, along with patch embedding, are applied on the sequence of patches to restore the positional information of the patches. Subsequently, the sequence of vectors is fed to the Transformer encoder to produce the final gait representation. As for the classification, the first element of the sequence is sent to the multi-layer perceptron to predict the class label. The proposed method obtained 99.93% on CASIA-B, 100% on OU-ISIR D and 99.51% on OU-LP, which exhibit the ability of the Vision Transformer model to outperform the state-of-the-art methods.


Assuntos
Redes Neurais de Computação , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão , Biometria/métodos , Marcha , Reconhecimento Automatizado de Padrão/métodos
20.
Sensors (Basel) ; 22(19)2022 Oct 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36236704

RESUMO

The development of 5G networks has rapidly increased the use of Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) devices for control, monitoring, and processing purposes. Biometric-based user authentication can prevent unauthorized access to IIoT devices, thereby safeguarding data security during production. However, most biometric authentication systems in the IIoT have no template protection, thus risking raw biometric data stored as templates in central databases or IIoT devices. Moreover, traditional biometric authentication faces slow, limited database holding capacity and data transmission problems. To address these issues, in this paper we propose a secure online fingerprint authentication system for IIoT devices over 5G networks. The core of the proposed system is the design of a cancelable fingerprint template, which protects original minutia features and provides privacy and security guarantee for both entity users and the message content transmitted between IIoT devices and the cloud server via 5G networks.Compared with state-of-the-art methods, the proposed authentication system shows competitive performance on six public fingerprint databases, while saving computational costs and achieving fast online matching.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Identificação Biométrica , Biometria , Segurança Computacional , Privacidade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...