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1.
Waste Manag ; 101: 28-34, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586874

RESUMO

This work studied the methane gas production of the Aura landfill, the official destination of all Municipal Solid Waste of the Metropolitan Region of Belem (Brazil), operational until 2015. In 2007, the Aura Landfill was equipped with a landfill gas burning system in a CDM/UNFCCC project, with reported measured volumes of burned methane gas. These volumes were used to retrieve the methane generation potential (L0) and the decay rate (k) parameters of single-phase, first order landfill emission model, yielding L0=(61.0±6.6)mCH43/MgMSW and k=(0.25±0.07)yr-1. To model the Aura landfill, local gravimetric waste composition and local per capita waste production studies were collected, and the IPCC first order multiphase model was used. For the generation potential, observation and model are consistent, but for the decay rate, observations provide a 39% higher value, suggesting that the methane production from deposited MSW is occurring much faster than predicted by the IPCC model. Applying the retrieved parameters for the whole landfill's lifetime, the total produced methane is estimated to be 497 Gg (ranging from 444 Gg to 550 Gg), of this total 48% may have been emitted before the implementation of the collection system, indicating that it was implemented too late, and 81% may have been emitted before the closing date, with only 19% to be emitted after the end of operations. Subtracting the total methane volume burned in the CDM Activity, the Aura landfill may have emitted on total from 9.4 to 9.8 Tg of CO2 equivalent.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Eliminação de Resíduos , Brasil , Metano , Resíduos Sólidos , Instalações de Eliminação de Resíduos
2.
Waste Manag ; 101: 161-170, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31610477

RESUMO

Food losses and waste are a global problem, with an estimated 1.3 billion tons lost annually. In Brazil, fruit and vegetable losses amount to approximately 30% and occur in the processing, handling and storage stages. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the post-harvest losses of fruits and vegetables in the Central Supply (CEASA) of Salvador, Brazil, its determinants and potential solutions to minimize the problem. A cross-sectional, descriptive and quantitative study was carried out in which data were collected by observing the operation of the supply units, registration in a field notebook, and administering a questionnaire to sellers that covered four main dimensions: socioeconomic profile of vendors; hygienic-sanitary conditions; characteristics of acquisition, storage and commercialization of products; and measures used by sellers to reduce losses. Many inadequacies were found, including the transportation and reception of products and their commercialization. Regarding hygiene, there were flaws in the care of the environment, the products and the food handlers. At most sites (75%), there were problems with infrastructure. The loss was estimated to be on the order of 9.5 tonnes/week, especially bananas, papayas, tomatoes, peppers and lettuce. The main causes of loss were exceeding volume in purchases, storage without refrigeration and careless handling by consumers and vendors. Strategies to reduce losses included price reduction, donation practices and consumption by sellers. The study indicates the need for improvements both in the infrastructure and in the hygienic care, management and post-harvest conservation of the fruits and vegetables.


Assuntos
Frutas , Verduras , Brasil , Comércio , Estudos Transversais , Abastecimento de Alimentos
3.
Waste Manag ; 101: 259-267, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634812

RESUMO

Over the past few years, supercritical water oxidation (ScWO) has shown great potential for application to landfill leachate treatment, providing substantial organic matter degradation in terms of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), and total organic carbon (TOC). However, the conversion of ammonia, which is present at high concentrations in leachates, is the rate-limiting step during ScWO and usually requires large amounts of oxidants, the addition of catalysts, or severe operating conditions. Aiming at proposing a treatment system that effectively removes both organic matter and ammonia from leachate, this paper evaluates the intensification of the ScWO process through ion exchange with zeolite. Thus, ScWO was operated under a pressure of 23 MPa at 600 and 700 °C, without the addition of oxidants. The zeolite (clinoptilolite) was used without any modification inside a glass column. The ScWO (600 °C)/zeolite system removed 90% ammoniacal nitrogen (NH3-N), 100% nitrite (NO2-N), 98% nitrate (NO3-N), color, and turbidity, 81% TOC, and 74% COD, suggesting that this system is a promising alternative for leachate treatment. However, the final NH3-N and COD values were slightly above the limits (20 and 200 mg L-1, respectively) stipulated by the Brazilian environmental legislation. These results suggest that further improvements are still required for the application of the intensified ScWO to be feasible. Notably, ammonium-saturated clinoptilolite is amenable for regeneration or can be applied to soil as a slow-release fertilizer.


Assuntos
Poluentes Químicos da Água , Zeolitas , Brasil , Troca Iônica , Água
4.
Food Chem ; 302: 125370, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31442699

RESUMO

Four Arabica coffees (Brazil, Colombia, Ethiopia, and Guatemala) yield highly variant odours, attesting to the complexities of coffee aroma that command advanced analytical tools. In this study, their volatiles were extracted using solvent-assisted flavour evaporation (SAFE) and headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME). Due to matrix complexity, some trace odourants were detected in SAFE extracts by aroma extract dilution analysis (AEDA) but remained difficult to quantify by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). This prompted the application of low energy electron ionisation (EI) coupled with GC-quadrupole time-of-flight (GC-QTOF). Optimal low EI GC-QTOF parameters (EI energy: 15 eV, acquisition rate: 3 Hz) were applied to achieve improved molecular ion signal intensity and reproducibility (relative standard deviation < 10%) across five compounds, which resulted in good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.999) and lowered detection levels (e.g. 0.025 ±â€¯0.005 ng/mL for 4-hydroxy-5-methyl-3(2H)-furanone). Therefore, this method potentially improves the measurement of trace odourants in complex matrices by increasing specificity and sensitivity.


Assuntos
Café/química , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Odorantes/análise , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise , Adulto , Brasil , Coffea/química , Colômbia , Etiópia , Feminino , Análise de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Guatemala , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Olfatometria/métodos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Análise de Componente Principal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Microextração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Paladar , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
5.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eGS4442, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the legal demands of tiotropium bromide to treat chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: We included secondary data from the pharmaceutical care management systems made available by the Paraná State Drug Center. RESULTS: Public interest civil action and ordinary procedures, among others, were the most common used by the patients to obtain the medicine. Two Health Centers in Paraná (Londrina and Umuarama) concentrated more than 50% of the actions. The most common specialty of physicians who prescribed (33.8%) was pulmonology. There is a small financial impact of tiotropium bromide on general costs with medicines of the Paraná State Drug Center. However, a significant individual financial impact was observed because one unit of the medicine represents 38% of the Brazilian minimum wage. CONCLUSION: Our study highlights the need of incorporating this medicine in the class of long-acting anticholinergic bronchodilator in the Brazilian public health system.


Assuntos
Broncodilatadores/economia , Medicamentos Essenciais/provisão & distribução , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Função Jurisdicional , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/economia , Brometo de Tiotrópio/economia , Brasil , Medicamentos Essenciais/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/economia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/economia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo
6.
J Environ Manage ; 253: 109540, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665687

RESUMO

Despite the considerable Brazilian coastline and vast water transportation cargo and passenger capacity, Brazil currently does not have a satisfactory amount of research aimed at ship recycling markets, especially in the Amazon region. This study aims to characterize this market in Brazil through research and data filtering related to national vessel fleets. Fleet data were obtained from the National Agency of Waterway Transportation (ANTAQ). Quantitative spatialization of the fleet was based on geostatistical distribution that show the current state of this market potential in the country. According to the ANTAQ database, in Brazil, there are approximately 3.8 million tons of steel that are suitable for dismantling, and this steel is distributed among 5319 vessels. There is no disposal plan for these vessels, which can result in environmental and social harm, and creates business opportunities. In this research, the great potential of this market was characterized to contribute, under socially and environmental optics, to the better organization of this sector in the country. Today 36% of existing vessels in the country have been operating for more than 20 years, and operation is concentrated in two major poles: the first is in the north, which is influenced by the city of Manaus (Amazon Region), and the second is in the state of Rio de Janeiro which is influenced by the offshore market. Based on the total amount of lightweight (LDT) and the number of vessels, both that could be potentially considered for decommissioning, this research shows the Brazilian market has global potentiality to attract and retain the ship recycling industry.


Assuntos
Reciclagem , Navios , Brasil , Cidades , Indústrias
7.
J Environ Manage ; 253: 109748, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678687

RESUMO

On November 2015, the Fundão Tailings Dam, located at Mariana municipality in Brazil, failed. Besides the deaths and injuries, economic losses, pollution and health problems associated to heavy metals in the water, Brazilian municipalities near the accident experienced an increase in the incidence of dengue. Since dengue fever is an insect-borne disease and the mosquito develops where there is stored water, there must be a relationship between the dam accident and the incidence of the disease. The purpose of this study is to test whether there is a causal relationship between the dam accident in Mariana and the number of dengue cases, number of hospitalizations due to dengue, and dengue outbreak in the municipalities affected by the accident. We find evidence that the accident had a positive and statistically significant impact on dengue indicators (for example, the probability of a dengue outbreak increased in 19%), what makes us call attention to another negative externality of tailings dam accidents.


Assuntos
Dengue , Acidentes , Animais , Brasil , Cidades , Incidência
8.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4739, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging to assess the prevalence of foot and ankle ligament injuries and fractures associated with ankle sprain and not diagnosed by x-ray. METHODS: We included 180 consecutive patients with a history of ankle sprain, assessed at a primary care service in a 12-month period. Magnetic resonance imaging findings were recorded and described. RESULTS: Approximately 92% of patients had some type of injury shown on the magnetic resonance imaging. We found 379 ligament injuries, 9 osteochondral injuries, 19 tendinous injuries and 51 fractures. Only 14 magnetic resonance imaging tests (7.8%) did not show any sort of injury. We observed a positive relation between injuries of the lateral complex, syndesmosis and medial ligaments. However, there was a negative correlation between ankle ligament injuries and midfoot injuries. CONCLUSION: There was a high rate of injuries secondary to ankle sprains. We found correlation between lateral ligament injuries and syndesmosis and deltoid injuries. We did not observe a relation between deltoid and syndesmosis injuries or between lateral ligamentous and subtalar injuries. Similarly, no relation was found between ankle and midfoot injuries.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Tornozelo/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cartilagem Articular/lesões , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Ligamentos Laterais do Tornozelo/lesões , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Environ Manage ; 253: 109573, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31665692

RESUMO

This article investigates whether the traditional approaches to Traffic Impact Studies (TISs) have evolved to meet the current needs of a society increasingly concerned with sustainability, especially in Brazil. For this purpose, we conducted a comprehensive literature review to identify the main sustainability aspects that should be covered by these studies, including the most suitable analytic techniques for this purpose, in particular for traffic simulation. We then prepared a proposal for classifying traffic impact studies and applied it in a specific case, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, the study of the Porto Maravilha port district revitalization project. This enabled understanding the current state of the practice of these studies in the country, indicating they are in general very poor, justifying the need for improvements.


Assuntos
Conservação de Recursos Energéticos , Condução de Veículo , Brasil
10.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 380-383, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024058

RESUMO

Introduction: The Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ) is a questionnaire designed to assess the auditory experience and quantify hearing disabilities in realistic communication situations, with particular attention to binaural hearing. Objective: To determine the test-retest reliability of the SSQ in Brazilian Portuguese. Method: A total of 35 individuals with mean age of 61 years and mean education of 7 years were interviewed. The mean auditory threshold was 44.29 dBNA in the best ear and 58.04 dBNA in the worst ear. The SSQ in Portuguese was applied at two time points, test and retest. An interval of 7 to 20 days between interviews was established. The level of significance adopted was 0.05, or 5%. Results: The analysis revealed a high Cronbach α coefficient for the three domains and for the general component of the scale, demonstrating good internal consistency between the items. In addition, a significant strong correlation was detected between test and retest of the SSQ on the analysis by domain and for the general component of the scale. A significant moderate-to-strong correlation between test and retest by question was found, except for question 2 of Part I. Conclusion: The test-retest reliability indicators showed good stability of the Portuguese version of the SSQ, indicating that the scale is suitable for use in the hearing-impaired population in Brazil. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda Auditiva/diagnóstico , Brasil , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
11.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1106-1117, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994977

RESUMO

O presente artigo se propõe a apresentar as práticas psicoterapêuticas utilizadas pela psiquiatria brasileira no Hospício Nacional de Alienados, instituição psiquiátrica situada no Rio de Janeiro e fundada no ano de 1852. A pesquisa se debruçou sobre artigos, livros autorais e manuais médicos do Hospital Nacional de Alienados e professores da cátedra de Psiquiatria e Moléstias Mentais da Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro. Como referencial teórico, o artigo se apoia em Chartier (1990) para indicar que, ao circular no Brasil do início do século XX, as diferentes psicoterapias tiveram que se acomodar ao contexto para poderem circular. Em especial, demonstra-se como a psicanálise foi apropriada e negociada de acordo com os repertórios disponíveis no contexto psiquiátrico local, bem como frente aos diversos interesses individuais e profissionais presentes, tendo que se adaptar para ganhar credibilidade e aceitação no ambiente da medicina mental brasileira da primeira metade do século XX. Apenas no final da década de 1950 é que se constituiria como uma disciplina independente e autônoma frente aos outros saberes psi com os quais teve que se mesclar ao longo do século.(AU)


This article proposes to present the psychotherapeutic practices used by the Brazilian psychiatry in the Hospício Nacional de Alienados, a psychiatric institution located in Rio de Janeiro and founded in the year 1852. The research focused on articles, books and medical manuals of the Hospital Nacional de Alienados and professors of the chair of Psychiatry and Mental Disorders of the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro. As a theoretical reference, the article is based on Chartier (1990) to indicate that, when circulating in Brazil in the early twentieth century, different psychotherapies had to be accommodated to the context to be able to circulate. In particular, it is shown how psychoanalysis was appropriated and negotiated according to the repertoires available in the local psychiatric context, as well as to the various individual and professional interests present, having to adapt to gain credibility and acceptance in the Brazilian mental medicine environment of the first half of the twentieth century. Only in the late 1950s would it be constituted as an independent and autonomous discipline against the other psychological knowledge with which it had to blend throughout the century.(AU)


El presente artículo se propone presentar las prácticas psicoterapéuticas utilizadas por la psiquiatría brasileña en el Hospicio Nacional de Alienados, institución psiquiátrica situada en Rio de Janeiro y fundada en el año 1852. La investigación se centró en artículos, libros de autor y manuales de médicos del Hospital Nacional de Alienados y de profesores de la cátedra de Psiquiatría y Molestias Mentales de la Facultad de Medicina de Rio de Janeiro. Como referente teórico, el artículo se apoya en Chartier (1990) para indicar que, al circular en Brasil desde el inicio del siglo XX, las diferentes psicoterapias tuvieron que acomodarse al contexto local para poder circular. En particular, se demuestra cómo el psicoanálisis fue apropiado y negociado de acuerdo a los repertorios disponibles en el contexto psiquiátrico local, así como frente a los diversos intereses individuales y profesionales presentes, teniendo que adaptarse para ganar credibilidad y aceptación en el ambiente de la medicina mental brasileña de la primera mitad del siglo XX. Sólo a finales de la década de 1950 se constituiría como una disciplina independiente y autónoma frente a los otros saberes psi con los que tuvo que mezclarse a lo largo del siglo.(AU)


Assuntos
Psicoterapia/história , Psicanálise , Brasil , Metodologia , História
12.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1118-1136, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994978

RESUMO

O presente artigo objetivou realizar uma análise sobre como a temática da pobreza tem historicamente comparecido nos estudos e parâmetros de atuação profissional do psicólogo brasileiro. Foi realizada uma revisão bibliográfica acerca do objeto de estudo, o resgate de produções pertinentes sobre a relação da Psicologia brasileira com a pobreza ao longo de seu desenvolvimento, bem como de documentos e parametrizações do Conselho Federal de Psicologia. Observamos um crescimento do envolvimento da Psicologia com a pobreza e demais expressões da "questão social", atrelado com a maior vinculação da profissão com as políticas públicas e sociais. O debate entre "questão social", pobreza e Psicologia, contextualizado em diferentes fases do capitalismo, face às particularidades brasileiras e atual conjuntura, evidencia as contradições: autocrítica acerca do distanciamento com a realidade brasileira e insuficiências teórico-práticas, mas com a hegemonia na Psicologia ainda se fazendo valer por meio de leituras e práticas individualizantes, psicologizantes, perpetradoras da ordem. Dessa forma, uma Psicologia compromissada com a compreensão e superação da pobreza, assim como do sistema que a forja e nela se sustenta, requer a identificação e libertação de sua própria pobreza.(AU)


The present article aims to analyze how the issue of poverty has historically appeared in studies and parameters of the professional work of Brazilian psychologists. A bibliographic review about the object of the study was elaborated, with the retrieval of relevant works about the relationship between Brazilian Psychology and poverty throughout its development, as well as documents and parametrizations of the Federal Council of Psychology. We see an increase in the involvement of Psychology with poverty and other expressions of the "social issue", linked to the greater bondage of the profession with public and social policies. The debate between "social issue", poverty and Psychology, contextualized in different phases of capitalism, in view of the Brazilian characteristics and current situation, shows the following contradictions: self-criticism about distancing from Brazilian reality and theoretical-practical insufficiencies, but with the hegemony in Psychology still being enforced through individualizing, psychologizing readings and practices, perpetrating the order. In this way, a Psychology committed to understanding and overcoming poverty, as well as the system that forges and sustains it, requires the identification and liberation of its own poverty.(AU)


El presente artículo apuntó a realizar un análisis sobre cómo la temática de la pobreza ha formado parte históricamente en los estudios y parámetros de actuación profesional del psicólogo brasileño. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica acerca del objeto de estudio y un rescate de producciones pertinentes sobre la relación de la Psicología brasileña con la pobreza a lo largo de su desarrollo, así como de documentos del Consejo Federal de Psicología. Observamos un crecimiento de la implicación de la Psicología con la pobreza y demás expresiones de la cuestión social, vinculada con la mayor ligazón de la profesión con las políticas públicas y sociales. El debate entre "cuestión social", pobreza y Psicología, contextualizado en diferentes fases del capitalismo, frente a las particularidades brasileñas y la coyuntura actual, evidencia las siguientes contradicciones: autocrítica acerca del distanciamiento con la realidad brasileña y las insuficiencias teórico-prácticas, empero existe una hegemonía en la Psicología que todavía se hace valer por medio de lecturas y prácticas individualizantes, psicologizantes, perpetradoras del orden. Así, una Psicología comprometida con la comprensión y superación de la pobreza y con el sistema que la forja y en ella se sustenta, requiere de la identificación y liberación de su propia pobreza.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Pobreza/psicologia , Sociologia/história , Capitalismo , Psicologia , Política Pública , Brasil , História
13.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1137-1154, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994979

RESUMO

Apresenta-se um panorama da Neuropsicologia brasileira, enfocando sua inserção no país, caracterizando o momento atual e desafios à sua consolidação. Aborda-se a trajetória da Neuropsicologia, traçando-se cinco períodos que a caracterizam, bem como sua trajetória nacional. A Neuropsicologia brasileira assiste à sofisticação da neuroimagem e ao avanço da pesquisa e interesse na área, à criação de entidades representativas, ao crescente número de publicações, grupos de pesquisa e de cursos de pós-graduação, ao desenvolvimento de instrumentos brasileiros e à ampliação da normatização e validação de instrumentos estrangeiros. Apesar desses avanços, ressalta-se a necessidade de constituir uma Neuropsicologia brasileira, sintonizada com os desafios de um país diverso, que contribua com políticas públicas, produza conhecimentos que atinjam diferentes populações e contribua para a diminuição das desigualdades sociais.(AU)


This paper aims to present an overview of Brazilian neuropsychology, focusing on the way the discipline was brought to Brazil, the present panorama of the discipline, and the challenges related to its consolidation. This article addresses the historical course of Neuropsychology, mapping the five distinct periods that characterized its history, as well as its national course. Brazilian neuropsychology is currently aided by the sophistication of neuroimaging techniques, the advancement in research and the interest in the area, as well as the creation of representative professional associations, the growing number of publications, research groups and graduate courses, the development of Brazilian instruments and the increase in standardization and validation of foreign instruments. Despite these advances, it is necessary to emphasize the need to make a Brazilian Neuropsychology, in tune with the challenges that come from a diverse country, one which contributes with public policies, produces knowledge that reaches different peoples and contributes towards reducing social inequalities.(AU)


Este artículo presenta un panorama de la Neuropsicología en Brasil, enfocándose en su inserción en el país, caracterizando el momento actual y los desafíos a su consolidación. Aborda la historia de la Neuropsicología, trazando los cinco períodos que la caracterizan y su trayectoria nacional. La Neuropsicología brasileña presencia la sofisticación de las técnicas de neuroimagen y el avance de la investigación y el interés de los estudiantes y profesionales, así como la creación de órganos representativos, el creciente número de grupos de investigación, cursos postgrado y publicaciones, el desarrollo de instrumentos brasileños de evaluación neuropsicológica y la estandarización de los procesos y validación de instrumentos extranjeros. A pesar de esos avances, se destaca la necesidad de establecer una Neuropsicología brasileña, en sintonía con desafíos y urgencias de un país diverso, que contribuya con políticas públicas, produzca y ponga en práctica conocimientos que alcancen diferentes poblaciones y contribuya con la reducción de las desigualdades sociales.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicologia Aplicada , Neuropsicologia , Pesquisa , Brasil , Neuroimagem/psicologia , História
14.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1175-1194, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994982

RESUMO

Este artigo se propõe a analisar a situação da psicanálise nos cursos de psicologia das universidades do Rio de Janeiro, estabelecendo uma comparação com o caso de Buenos Aires. Para tal fim, utiliza um método de análise que implica construção documental, entrevistas e estudo teórico sobre a história e a atualidade da psicologia e da psicanálise nessas cidades. Entende-se que, além da chamada "crise" da psicanálise, ela mantém uma posição predominante nesses cursos. Espera-se que este trabalho contribua para uma discussão contextualizada dos cursos de psicologia em suas revisões curriculares.(AU)


We aim to analyse the situation of psychoanalysis in psychology undergraduate courses from universities of Rio de Janeiro, comparing these with the ones from Buenos Aires. For that purpose, we use a method of analysis that involves documental construction, interviews and theoretical study on the past history and the present reality of psychology and psychoanalysis in those cities. We understand that, besides the so-called "crisis" of psychoanalysis, this theoretical orientation maintains a predominant position in those courses. We expect that this work contributes to a contextualized discussion of psychology undergraduate courses and their curricular revisions.(AU)


Se propone analizar la situación del psicoanálisis en las carreras de psicología de universidades de Rio de Janeiro, estableciendo una comparación con el caso de Buenos Aires. Para tal fin, se utiliza un método de análisis que implica construcción documental, entrevista y estudio teórico, sobre la historia y actualidad de la psicología y el psicoanálisis en esas ciudades. Se entiende que, más allá de la llamada "crisis" del psicoanálisis, éste mantiene una posición predominante en esos cursos. Se espera que este trabajo contribuya a una discusión contextualizada de las carreras de Psicología y sus revisiones curriculares.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicanálise , Psicologia , Argentina , Universidades , Brasil
15.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1239-1256, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994986

RESUMO

Diversos integrantes da Liga Brasileira de Higiene Mental/LBHM tiveram lugar significativo no processo de difusão e consolidação da psicologia no Brasil. A LBHM tinha como meta contribuir com a transformação do país em nação moderna a exemplo dos países europeus. Alinhados a tal proposta, tinha como principio o ideário da higiene mental e, a partir de 1928, o ideário da eugenia. Neste trabalho temos como objetivo analisar os títulos Tipos vulgares, publicado em 1927, e Psicologia da personalidade, publicado em 1941, de autoria de Renato Kehl (1889-1974), membro atuante da Liga, destacando-se sobremaneira como defensor e publicista da eugenia. Percorrendo estas obras à luz da historicidade dos fatos, observamos que os saberes psicológicos difundidos e apropriados pelo autor, referem-se a uma psicologia tida como científica, reverberada pela fisiologia experimental da psicologia europeia. Nas obras, é marcante o debate acerca do conhecimento e avaliação da personalidade para construção de uma nação forte. É igualmente marcante a concepção biologizante de homem e o caráter secundário das relações sociais na formação humana. As asserções de Kehl lançam luz às contribuições da psicologia naquela época e nos fazem refletir criticamente sobre concepções que ainda imperam no campo científico e profissional da psicologia.(AU)


Several members of the Brazilian League of Mental Hygiene / LBHM had significant place in the process of diffusion and consolidation of psychology in Brazil. The goal of LBHM was to contribute to the transformation of the country into a modern nation, like the European countries. Aligned with this proposal, it had as its principle the idea of​mental hygiene and, from 1928, the ideology of eugenics. In this work, we aim to analyze the works Vulgar Types, published in 1927, and Psychology of Personality, published in 1941, by Renato Kehl (1889-1974), an active member of the League, standing out as a defender and publicist of eugenics. Going through these works in light of the historicity of the facts, we observe that the psychological knowledge diffused and appropriated by the author, refer to a psychology considered as scientific, reverberated by the experimental physiology of European psychology. In the works, it is remarkable the debate about the knowledge and evaluation of the personality for the construction of a strong nation. It is also striking the biological conception of man and the secondary character of social relations in human formation. Kehl's assertions shed light on the contributions of psychology at that time and make us reflect critically on conceptions still prevalent in the scientific and professional field of psychology.(AU)


Diversos integrantes de la Liga Brasileña de Higiene Mental/LBHM tuvieron un lugar significativo en el proceso de difusión y consolidación de la psicología en Brasil. La LBHM tenía como meta contribuir con la transformación del país en una nación moderna siguiendo el ejemplo de los países europeos. En esa línea, se fijaron como principios las ideas de la higiene mental y, a partir de 1928, el ideario de la eugenesia. Nuestro objetivo es analizar dos libros de Renato Kehl (1889-1974), miembro activo de la Liga, que se destacó sobremanera como defensor de la eugenesia. Los títulos de las obras son: Tipos vulgares, publicado en 1927, y Psicología de la personalidad, de 1941.Analizando estos textos a la luz de la historicidad de los hechos, observamos que los saberes psicológicos difundidos y apropiados por el autor, se refieren a una psicología entendida como científica e influenciada por la fisiología experimental de la psicología europea. En las obras es notable el debate acerca del conocimiento y la evaluación de la personalidad para la construcción de una nación fuerte. Es igualmente notable la concepción biologicista del hombre y el papel secundario de las relaciones sociales en la formación humana. Las aseveraciones de Kehl arrojan luz a las contribuciones de la psicología en aquel momento y nos hacen pensar críticamente sobre las concepciones que todavía imperan en el campo científico y profesional de la psicología.(AU)


Assuntos
Psicologia/história , Personalidade , Brasil , Saúde Mental , Eugenia
16.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46920

RESUMO

O Brasil conseguiu evitar 2,5 mil mortes por aids entre os anos de 2014 e 2018. Nos últimos cinco anos, o número de mortes pela doença caiu 22,8%, de 12,5 mil em 2014 para 10,9 mil em 2018. Os dados são positivos, no entanto, o Ministério da Saúde acredita que 135 mil pessoas vivem com HIV no Brasil e não sabem.


Assuntos
HIV , Brasil
17.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46906

RESUMO

A partir do próximo ano, o Governo do Brasil deve passar a oferecer um novo medicamento para tratar a tuberculose latente, aquela em que há a presença da bactéria adormecida, mas sem doença, ou seja, não há os sintomas como tosse prolongada e febre. A estimativa é de que há 30 mil pessoas nestas condições no país e que, caso contraiam doenças como o HIV/aids, quando o sistema imunológico está mais fragilizado, podem vir a desenvolver a forma ativa da tuberculose.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Latente , Brasil , Preparações Farmacêuticas/normas
18.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46891

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a mortalidade neonatal de 2000 a 2015. Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil/etnologia , Brasil/etnologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
19.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46892

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a taxa de incidência de tuberculose no Brasil Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Tuberculose/etnologia , Brasil/etnologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
20.
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