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1.
Saudi Med J ; 45(5): 495-501, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38734423

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of hematologic findings and the relationship between hemogram parameters and brucellosis stages in patients. METHODS: This multi-center study included patients older than 16 years of age who were followed up with a diagnosis of brucellosis. Patients' results, including white blood cell, hemoglobin, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, mean platelet volume, platelet and eosinophil counts were analyzed at the initial diagnosis. RESULTS: In this study 51.3% of the patients diagnosed with brucellosis were male. The age median was 45 years for female and 41 years for male. A total of 55.1% of the patients had acute brucellosis, 28.2% had subacute, 7.4% had chronic and 9% had relapse. The most common hematologic findings in brucellosis patients were anemia (25.9%), monocytosis (15.9%), eosinopenia (10.3%), and leukocytosis (7.1%). Pancytopenia occurred in 0.8% of patients and was more prominent in the acute phase. The acute brucellosis group had lower white blood cell, hemoglobin, neutrophil, eosinophil, and platelet counts and mean platelet volume, and higher monocyte counts compared to subacute and chronic subgroups. CONCLUSION: It was noteworthy that in addition to anemia and monocytosis, eosinopenia was third most prominent laboratory findings in the study. Pancytopenia and thrombocytopenia rates were low.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Humanos , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/sangue , Brucelose/complicações , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/sangue , Adolescente , Idoso , Anemia/epidemiologia , Anemia/sangue , Anemia/etiologia , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1372327, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689773

RESUMO

Background: Human brucellosis is a neglected disease transmitted to humans from animals such as cattle, goats, dogs, and swine. The causative agents are bacteria of the genus Brucella, intracellular pathogens usually confined to the reproductive organs of their animal hosts causing sterility and abortions. The objective of the study was to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis among women with spontaneous abortions (SAW) and compare this seroprevalence with that of healthy pregnant women (HPW). Methods: The case-control study was designed to determine the seroprevalence and molecular detection of brucellosis in women who suffered from spontaneous abortion and healthy pregnant women of the Haripur District of Pakistan. A total of 770 blood samples (n = 385 for each group) were collected from 9 public and 11 private hospitals in Haripur District from December 2021-March 2023. Data on demographic features, epidemiological variables, and risk factors were collected from each participant by structured questionnaires. Initial screening for brucellosis was performed by Rose Bengal Plate Test followed by qRT-PCR for molecular detection of the genus-specific BCSP-31 gene of Brucella. Results: The study showed that anti-Brucella antibodies were more found in SAW 23.63% (91/385) than in HPW 1.29% (5/385). Brucella specific DNA was amplified in 89.01% (81/91) seropositive samples of SAW. Demographic features and risk factors such as age, urbanicity, socioeconomic status, education, occupation, and animal contact were found significantly associated with brucellosis (p ≤ 0.05). Consumption of unpasteurized raw milk (OR = 18.28, 95%CI: 8.16-40.94) was found highly concomitant with seroprevalence. Conclusion: This study reports the first evidence of involvement of brucellosis in spontaneous abortions in women of Pakistan. The study can be used to develop strategies for risk management during pregnancy, to raise awareness for brucellosis, and develop control programs.


Assuntos
Aborto Espontâneo , Brucella , Brucelose , Humanos , Feminino , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Gravidez , Aborto Espontâneo/microbiologia , Aborto Espontâneo/epidemiologia , Brucella/isolamento & purificação , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente , Animais
3.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 485, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Neurobrucellosis (NB) is a rare and serious complication of brucellosis. Its clinical manifestations vary, with no obvious specificity. At present, there is no clear clinical diagnosis or treatment for reference. In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data for 21 patients with NB to provide reference data for its further study. METHODS: We analyzed the epidemiological and clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, imaging examinations, cerebrospinal fluid, and treatment plans of 21 patients diagnosed with NB in the Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University Beijing, China. RESULTS: The ages of the patients ranged from 15 to 60 years old (mean age 40.1 ± 13.33 years), the male: female ratio was 4.25:1. Thirteen patients had a history of animal (sheep, cattle) contact, three had no history of animal contact, and the contact status of four was unknown. Brucella can invade various systems of the body and show multi-system symptoms, the main general manifestations were fever (66.67%), fatigue (57.14%) and functional urination or defecation disturbance (42.86%). The main nervous system manifestations were limb weakness (52.38%) and hearing loss (47.62%).The main positive signs of the nervous system included positive pathological signs (71.43%), sensory abnormalities (52.38%), limb paralysis (42.86%). Nervous system lesions mainly included spinal cord damage (66.67%), cranial nerve involvement (61.90%), central demyelination (28.57%) and meningitis (28.57%). In patients with cranial nerve involvement, 69.23% of auditory nerve, 15.38% of optic nerve and 15.38% of oculomotor nerve were involved. The blood of eight patients was cultured for Brucella, and three (37.5%) cultures were positive and five (63.5%) negative. The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of eight patients was cultured for Brucella, and two (25.00%) cultures were positive and six (75.00%) negative. Nineteen of the patients underwent a serum agglutination test (SAT), 18 (94.74%) of whom were positive and one (5.26%) of whom were negative. A biochemical analysis of the CSF was performed in 21 patients, and the results were all abnormal. Nineteen patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Twenty-one patients were treated with doxycycline and/or rifampicin, combined with ceftriaxone, quinolone, aminoglycoside, or minocycline. After hospitalization, 15 patients improved (71.43%), two patients did not recover, and the status of four patients was unknown. CONCLUSIONS: The clinical manifestations, CSF parameters, and neurological imaging data for patients with NB show no significant specificity or correlations. When patients with unexplained neurological symptoms accompanied by fever, fatigue, and other systemic manifestations in a brucellosis epidemic area or with a history of contact with cattle, sheep, animals, or raw food are encountered in clinical practice, the possibility of NB should be considered. Treatment is based on the principles of an early, combined, and long course of treatment, and the general prognosis is good.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Brucelose , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , Brucelose/microbiologia , Brucelose/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , China/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Brucella/isolamento & purificação , Animais
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 491, 2024 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38745172

RESUMO

Brucellosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Brucella species, poses a significant global health concern. Among its diverse clinical manifestations, neurobrucellosis remains an infrequent yet debilitating complication. Here, we present a rare case of neurobrucellosis with unusual presentations in a 45-year-old woman. The patient's clinical course included progressive lower extremity weakness, muscle wasting, and double vision, prompting a comprehensive diagnostic evaluation. Notable findings included polyneuropathy, elevated brucella agglutination titers in both cerebrospinal fluid and blood, abnormal EMG-NCV tests, and resolving symptoms with antibiotic therapy. The clinical presentation, diagnostic challenges, and differentiation from other neurological conditions are discussed. This case underscores the importance of considering neurobrucellosis in regions where brucellosis is prevalent and highlights this rare neurological complication's distinctive clinical and radiological features. Early recognition and appropriate treatment are crucial to mitigate the significant morbidity associated with neurobrucellosis.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Polirradiculoneuropatia , Humanos , Feminino , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/complicações , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polirradiculoneuropatia/diagnóstico , Polirradiculoneuropatia/microbiologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Brucella/isolamento & purificação
6.
Vet Rec ; 194 Suppl 1: 7-8, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700162

RESUMO

With more and more dogs being imported to the UK, and no requirement for preimport screening for Brucella canis, veterinary teams are now encountering canine brucellosis on an increasingly regular basis. At BVA Live Mark Moreton and Elizabeth McLennan-Green will reflect on their experiences of developing guidance to help practices manage the risks associated with this zoonotic pathogen.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Doenças do Cão , Cães , Animais , Brucelose/veterinária , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/microbiologia , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Humanos , Brucella canis/isolamento & purificação , Medicina Veterinária
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 489, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741035

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is challenging to diagnose brucellosis in nonendemic regions because it is a nonspecific febrile disease. The accurate identification of Brucella spp. in clinical microbiology laboratories (CMLs) continues to pose difficulties. Most reports of misidentification are for B. melitensis, and we report a rare case of misidentified B. abortus. CASE PRESENTATION: A 67-year-old man visited an outpatient clinic complaining of fatigue, fever, and weight loss. The patient had a history of slaughtering cows with brucellosis one year prior, and his Brucella antibody tests were negative twice. After blood culture, the administration of doxycycline and rifampin was initiated. The patient was hospitalized due to a positive blood culture. Gram-negative coccobacilli were detected in aerobic blood culture bottles, but the CML's lack of experience with Brucella prevented appropriate further testing. Inaccurate identification results were obtained for a GN ID card of VITEK 2 (bioMérieux, USA) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) using a MALDI Biotyper (Bruker, Germany). The strain showed 100.0% identity with Brucella spp. according to 16S rRNA sequencing. MALDI-TOF MS peaks were reanalyzed using the CDC MicrobeNet database to determine Brucella spp. (score value: 2.023). The patient was discharged after nine days of hospitalization and improved after maintaining only doxycycline for six weeks. The isolate was also identified as Brucella abortus by genomic evidence. CONCLUSION: Automated identification instruments and MALDI-TOF MS are widely used to identify bacteria in CMLs, but there are limitations in accurately identifying Brucella spp. It is important for CMLs to be aware of the possibility of brucellosis through communication with clinicians. Performing an analysis with an additional well-curated MALDI-TOF MS database such as Bruker security-relevant (SR) database or CDC MicrobeNet database is helpful for quickly identifying the genus Brucella.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Brucella abortus , Brucelose , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/microbiologia , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , Brucella abortus/isolamento & purificação , Brucella abortus/genética , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Bacteriemia/microbiologia , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Diagnóstico Tardio , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização e Dessorção a Laser Assistida por Matriz , Animais
8.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 18(4): e0012067, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anthrax and brucellosis are endemic national priority zoonotic diseases in Ethiopia. This study assess the possible factors explaining the current limited information available on animal and human cases in pastoral communities. METHODS: Two questionnaire surveys gathered data from 509 pastoralists and 51 healthcare providers between February and April 2019 in five districts of Afar and the Somali region (SRS). RESULTS: Among the 51 healthcare providers, 25 (49%) and 38 (74.5%) had heard of brucellosis, and anthrax, respectively. Of those, only 3 (12%) and 14 (36.8%) knew the symptoms of brucellosis and Anthrax. None of the Health Extension Workers knew any disease symptoms. Healthcare providers recalled two human cases of brucellosis and 39 cases of Anthrax in the last 12 months, based on symptom-based diagnosis. Pastoralists had a moderate level of knowledge about diseases in their animals, with over half (52.4%; n = 267/509) understanding that animals can transmit diseases to people. Overall, 280 out of 508 (55.1%) and 333 out of 507 (65.7%) pastoralists had heard of brucellosis and Anthrax, respectively. Among the latter, 282 (51.3%) knew at least one preventive measure for Anthrax. However, disease knowledge among women was poor. Despite their knowledge, pastoralists engaged in risky unprotected animal handling, animal product consumption/usage as well as husbandry behaviors exposing them to pathogens and favoring the spread of diseases. They identified Anthrax as the most important zoonosis (47.6%) and as one of top three diseases suspected to cause mortality in their livestock. Pastoralists highlighted lack of vaccine coverage, availability and their timely administration. Both, pastoralists and healthcare providers stated the lack of disease awareness and the unavailability of drugs in the market as important challenges. Health facilities lacked protocols and standard operating procedures for managing zoonotic diseases, and did not have access to laboratory confirmation of pathogens. CONCLUSION: Our study revealed significant under-reporting of Anthrax and brucellosis, and weak prevention and response in humans, mostly associated with poor disease knowledge of healthcare providers. Ability to respond to animal outbreaks was limited by vaccine and drugs availability, timely vaccine administration and the mobility of pastoralists.


Assuntos
Antraz , Brucelose , Vacinas , Animais , Humanos , Feminino , Antraz/epidemiologia , Antraz/prevenção & controle , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Somália/epidemiologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Zoonoses/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/prevenção & controle , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/prevenção & controle
10.
Vet Microbiol ; 293: 110089, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38678845

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease that affects wild and domestic animals. It is caused by members of the bacterial genus Brucella. Guanylate-binding protein 1 (GBP1) is associated with microbial infections. However, the role of GBP1 during Brucella infection remains unclear. This investigation aimed to identify the association of GBP1 with brucellosis. Results showed that Brucella infection induced GBP1 upregulation in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages. Small interfering GBP1 targeting RNAs were utilized to explore how GBP1 regulates the survival of Brucella intracellularly. Results revealed that GBP1 knockdown promoted Brucella's survival ability, activated Nod-like receptor (NLR) containing a pyrin domain 3 (NLRP3) and absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammatory corpuscles, and induced pro-inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ and IL-1ß. Furthermore, Brucella stimulated the expression of GBP1 in bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) and mice. During the inhibition of GBP1 in BMDMs, the intracellular growth of Brucella increased. In comparison, GBP1 downregulation enhanced the accumulation of Brucella-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) in macrophages. Overall, the data indicate a significant role of GBP1 in regulating brucellosis and suggest the function underlying its suppressive effect on the survival and growth of Brucella intracellularly.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP , Macrófagos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Brucelose/microbiologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Brucella/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
11.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 133: 112119, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38648715

RESUMO

The bacterial flagellum is an elongated filament that protrudes from the cell and is responsible for bacterial motility. It can also be a pathogen-associated molecular pattern (PAMP) that regulates the host immune response and is involved in bacterial pathogenicity. In contrast to motile bacteria, the Brucella flagellum does not serve a motile purpose. Instead, it plays a role in regulating Brucella virulence and the host's immune response, similar to other non-motile bacteria. The flagellin protein, FliK, plays a key role in assembly of the flagellum and also as a potential virulence factor involved in the regulation of bacterial virulence and pathogenicity. In this study, we generated a Brucella suis S2 flik gene deletion strain and its complemented strain and found that deletion of the flik gene has no significant effect on the main biological properties of Brucella, but significantly enhanced the inflammatory response induced by Brucella infection of RAW264.7 macrophages. Further experiments demonstrated that the FliK protein was able to inhibit LPS-induced cellular inflammatory responses by down-regulating the expression of MyD88 and NF-κB, and by decreasing p65 phosphorylation in the NF-κB pathway; it also inhibited the expression of NLRP3 and caspase-1 in the NLRP3 inflammasome pathway. In conclusion, our study suggests that Brucella FliK may act as a virulence factor involved in the regulation of Brucella pathogenicity and modulation of the host immune response.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Flagelina , Macrófagos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Fatores de Virulência , Animais , Camundongos , Células RAW 264.7 , Flagelina/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Brucelose/imunologia , Brucelose/microbiologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Brucella suis/patogenicidade , Brucella suis/imunologia , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/metabolismo , Fator 88 de Diferenciação Mieloide/genética , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/imunologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Inflamação/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Virulência
12.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 133: 112121, 2024 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38652965

RESUMO

One effective antigen carrier proposed for use in immunization and vaccination is gold nanoparticles. Prior work has shown that gold nanoparticles themselves have adjuvant properties. Currently, gold nanoparticles are used to design new diagnostic tests and vaccines against viral, bacterial, and parasitic infections. We investigated the use of gold nanoparticles as immunomodulators in immunization and vaccination with an antigen isolated from Brucella abortus. Gold nanoparticles with a diameter of 15 nm were synthesized for immunization of animals and were then conjugated to the isolated antigen. The conjugates were used to immunize white BALB/c mice. As a result, high-titer (1:10240) antibodies were produced. The respiratory and proliferative activities of immune cells were increased, as were the serum interleukin concentrations. The minimum antigen amount detected with the produced antibodies was âˆ¼ 0.5 pg. The mice immunized with gold nanoparticles complexed with the B. abortus antigen were more resistant to B. abortus strain 82 than were the mice immunized through other schemes. This fact indicates that animal immunization with this conjugate enhances the effectiveness of the immune response. The results of this study are expected to be used in further work to examine the protective effect of gold nanoparticles complexed with the B. abortus antigen on immunized animals and to develop test systems for diagnosing brucellosis in the laboratory and in the field.


Assuntos
Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Antígenos de Bactérias , Brucella abortus , Brucelose , Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Animais , Brucella abortus/imunologia , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Brucelose/prevenção & controle , Brucelose/imunologia , Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Camundongos , Feminino , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Vacina contra Brucelose/imunologia , Vacina contra Brucelose/administração & dosagem , Vacinação , Imunização
13.
Open Vet J ; 14(1): 19-24, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38633148

RESUMO

Background: Brucellosis is a highly contagious zoonotic disease caused by an intracellular facultative microorganism termed Brucella spp. Control of brucellosis depends on test and slaughter policy as well as vaccination programs. Aim: Estimation of the cell-mediated immunity (CMI) [total leukocytic count (TLC), phagocytic activity, phagocytic index, interleukin 6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)] in camels after vaccination with RB51 using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Methods: A total of eight camels were grouped into two groups as follows: group (A): vaccinated with RB51 vaccine [1 dose/2 ml S/C (3 × 1010 CFU)] and group (B): control group. IL-6 and TNF-α were used for estimation of the CMI using real-time PCR on serum samples that were collected at 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, and 60 days after vaccination from each group. In addition, TLC, phagocytic activity, and phagocytic index were evaluated on heparinized blood samples at 0 and 60 days post-vaccination. Results: RB51 vaccine provides a protective immune response which progressively increases from the first week to 60 days after vaccination. Moreover, the levels of TNF-α and IL-6 differed between camels in the vaccinated group. Conclusion: Vaccination of camels with RB51 vaccine (with dose 3 × 1010 CFU) could induce good protective immune responses and this immunological response will be a good indication for a safe field vaccine that can be used for the control of camel brucellosis.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Brucelose , Brucelose , Animais , Brucella abortus , Camelus , Interleucina-6 , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Egito , Brucelose/veterinária , Vacinação/veterinária
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 45(3): 379-384, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582612

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of personal protection in occupational population at high risk for brucellosis in China and provide evidence for the evaluation of implementation of National Brucellosis Prevention and Control Plan (2016-2020). Methods: Four counties in Shanxi Province and Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region were selected to conduct a questionnaire survey in occupational population at high risk for brucellosis from December 2019 to July 2020 by using cross-sectional survey methods. Results: A total of 2 384 persons at high risk for brucellosis were surveyed, and the standardized utilization rate of personal protective equipment (PPE) was 20.13% (480/2 384). The utilization rate of glove, mask, rubber shoe, and work cloth were 38.26% (912/2 384), 31.80% (758/2 384), 32.01% (763/2 384) and 30.87% (736/2 384),respectively. There were significant differences in the utilization rate and standardized utilization rate of the four types of PPE among populations in different age, occupation, educational level and area groups (all P<0.001). The utilization rate and standardized utilization rate of PPE were lower in people over 60 years old, women, farmers, and those with lower educational level. The results of multivariate analysis showed that occupation and area were the influencing factors for the standardized utilization of PPE, the standardized utilization rates of PPE were higher in herdsmen and veterinarians. The standardized utilization rate of PPE in Yanggao County and Huocheng County was significantly higher than that in Zuoyun County and Hunyuan County. Conclusions: The utilization rate of the four types of PPE in occupational population at high risk for brucellosis was not high in China, and the standardized utilization rate was low, lower than the requirement in National Brucellosis Prevention and Control Plan, and there were significant differences among different areas. It is urgent to distribute PPE to occupational population at high risk for brucellosis and carry out health education about PPE utilization. Meanwhile, it is necessary to strengthen information exchange or sharing among different areas.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Transversais , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/prevenção & controle , Fazendeiros , Inquéritos e Questionários , China/epidemiologia
16.
BMC Neurol ; 24(1): 136, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664634

RESUMO

BACKGROUD: This study aims to compare the clinical manifestations, imaging findings, routine tests, biochemistry indicators and cerebrospinal fluid cytology between neurobrucellosis and tuberculous meningitis. The objective is to evaluate the similarities and differences of these two diseases and improve early diagnosis. METHODS: A comprehensive evaluation was conducted by comparing clinical data, imaging results, routine tests findings, biochemistry indicators and cerebrospinal fluid cytology of patients admitted to the Department of Neurology, the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from 2019 to 2021. Statistical analysis was applied to identify significant differences and similarities between the two diseases. RESULTS: Preliminary analysis demonstrated both diseases commonly present with symptoms such as fever, headache. However, there were no statistical differences between neurobrucellosis and tuberculous meningitis in early clinical data, imaging results, routine tests findings, biochemistry indicators. Further analysis indicates there is a statistically significantly difference in the lymphocyte ratio and neutrophil ratio in the cerebrospinal fluid between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: Neurobrucellosis and tuberculous meningitis share similarities in early clinical manifestations, imaging findings and initial cerebrospinal fluid parametes, making early-stage differentiation challenging. The ratio of lymphocytes and neutrophil in the cerebrospinal fluid and a detailed medical history investigation can provide clues for early clinical diagnosis. So the examination of CSF cytology might be a potential to distinguish these two diseases and become a powerful tool in the future.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Tuberculose Meníngea , Humanos , Tuberculose Meníngea/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Meníngea/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Idoso , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 24(1): 441, 2024 Apr 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38664652

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In regions endemic for tuberculosis and brucellosis, distinguishing between tuberculous meningitis (TBM) and brucella meningitis (BM) poses a substantial challenge. This study investigates the clinical and paraclinical characteristics of patients with TBM and BM. METHODS: Adult patients diagnosed with either TBM or BM who were admitted to two referral hospitals between March 2015 and October 2022, were included, and the characteristics of the patients were analyzed. RESULTS: Seventy patients formed the study group, 28 with TBM and 42 with BM, were included. TBM patients had a 2.06-fold (95% CI: 1.26 to 3.37, P-value: 0.003) higher risk of altered consciousness and a 4.80-fold (95% CI: 1.98 to 11.61, P-value: < 0.001) higher risk of extra-neural involvement as compared to BM patients. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis revealed a significantly higher percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) in TBM compared to BM (Standardized mean difference: 0.69, 95% CI: 0.18 to 1.20, P-value: 0.008). Neuroimaging findings indicated higher risks of hydrocephalus (P-value: 0.002), infarction (P-value: 0.029), and meningeal enhancement (P-value: 0.012) in TBM compared to BM. Moreover, TBM patients had a 67% (95% CI: 21% to 131%, P-value:0.002) longer median length of hospital stay and a significantly higher risk of unfavorable outcomes (Risk ratio: 6.96, 95% CI: 2.65 to 18.26, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study emphasizes that TBM patients displayed increased frequencies of altered consciousness, PMN dominance in CSF, extra-neural involvement, hydrocephalus, meningeal enhancement, and brain infarction. The findings emphasize the diagnostic difficulties and underscore the importance of cautious differentiation between these two conditions to guide appropriate treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Tuberculose Meníngea , Humanos , Brucelose/complicações , Brucelose/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Masculino , Feminino , Tuberculose Meníngea/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Tuberculose Meníngea/complicações , Tuberculose Meníngea/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Meningites Bacterianas/microbiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/epidemiologia , Meningites Bacterianas/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Meningites Bacterianas/patologia , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hidrocefalia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Mikrobiyol Bul ; 58(2): 217-223, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Turco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38676588

RESUMO

Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease endemic in many developing countries, including Türkiye. Among the species that are pathogenic for humans; Brucella melitensis is isolated from livestock animals like sheep and goats, Brucella abortus from cattle and Brucella suis from pigs. Laboratory diagnosis of infection caused by Brucella species with gram-negative coccobacillus morphology; can be made through characteristic culture features, serological tests and molecular methods. Brucellosis, which has a wide distribution of clinical signs and symptoms; can cause various complications by affecting many organs and systems. Among all complications, the probability of thyroid abscess is less than 1%. In this case report; an example of thyroid abscess, one of the rare complications of brucellosis that is not frequently encountered in the literature, was presented. During the physical examination of a 45-year-old female patient who admitted with the complaint of pain in the neck area, fever, neck swelling, redness and pain that increased with palpation were detected. Leukocytosis, lymphopenia, high sedimentation and CRP, low TSH and high T4 values were detected in laboratory tests and subacute thyroiditis was considered as the preliminary diagnosis. Surgical abscess drainage was planned as the patient's clinical findings progressed during follow-up and spontaneous pus discharged from the midline of the neck. The abscess aspirate sample taken during surgical intervention and the blood culture samples taken before were evaluated microbiologically. Microorganisms that did not grow on EMB agar but grew on 5% sheep blood and chocolate agar at the 72-96th hour of incubation of culture plates; were detected to have gram-negative coccobacillus morphology and positive for catalase, oxidase and urease. Although the Wright test was negative with a titer of 1/20, the Rose Bengal test was positive, Coombs test was positive with a titer of 1/160 and the Brucellacapt test was positive with a titer of >1/5120. Microorganisms growing on culture plates were identified as B.melitensis at the species level with specific antisera. As a result of antibiotic susceptibility tests evaluated according to the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing version 14.0 (EUCAST v14.0), the isolate was susceptible to rifampicin, doxycycline, gentamicin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole at standart dosing regimen and susceptible to ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin at increased exposure. The patient, who was started on doxycycline and rifampicin combination treatment, was discharged without any complaints. In the diagnosis of infection due to Brucella species, which is one of the pathogens that early diagnosis and initiation of treatment greatly affects the prognosis; in addition to culture, which is the gold standard method, serological tests are also very important. If diagnosis is delayed, complications may develop due to involvement in almost every part of the body, depending on the affected organs and systems. In areas where brucellosis is endemic, patients with symptoms such as neck swelling, shortness of breath and difficulty in swallowing, thyroid tissue involvement due to brucellosis should definitely be considered etiologically.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Brucella melitensis , Brucelose , Brucella melitensis/isolamento & purificação , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/microbiologia , Brucelose/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Feminino , Abscesso/microbiologia , Abscesso/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Drenagem , Tireoidite Subaguda/diagnóstico , Tireoidite Subaguda/microbiologia , Tireoidite Subaguda/complicações , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/microbiologia , Doenças da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico
19.
Vet Med Sci ; 10(3): e1446, 2024 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38595033

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cross-border livestock mobility through transhumance is mainly practiced in West African countries for seasonal access to resources and market. Cross-border herds are involved in the dynamic of transboundary animal diseases among them brucellosis taken as model. Brucellosis is a zoonotic disease causing abortion. OBJECTIVES: This study explores the seroprevalence of brucellosis according to mobility and infection spread between Mali and Côte d'Ivoire in the context of seasonal cross-border transhumance. METHODS: From February to April 2021, a transversal serological survey of brucellosis was conducted on 521 cattle from 111 transhumant herds and 283 cattle from 59 sedentary herds, all from Mali. RESULTS: The global individual seroprevalence for Brucella spp. in transhumant and sedentary cattle from Mali was 8.2% (95% CI = 6.0-10.5). At herd level, seroprevalence was 21.2% with a significant variation between transhumant (11.7%) and sedentary (39.0%) herds. For herds in transhumance, cattle seropositivity was associated with a previous infection suspected by herdsmen odds ratio (OR = 4.4; 95% CI = 1.1-18.1) and unknown abortion aetiology (OR = 4.3; 95% CI = 1.0-17.3). The departure region (coming from Sikasso) and previous brucellosis infection or unexplained abortion could be used to predict Brucella infection in transhumant herds with a probability of around 60%. The risk of brucellosis introduction in host regions was high despite the individual animal seroprevalence of 3.6% and a low sale rate in transhumant cattle. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest that testing transhumant during border control and survey of cattle markets and sales could improve risk control of the spread of disease at regional scale.


Assuntos
Brucella , Brucelose , Gravidez , Feminino , Animais , Bovinos , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/veterinária , Zoonoses , Fatores de Risco
20.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis ; 18(3): e0011974, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470939

RESUMO

Animal hoarding disorder (AHD) is classified as a psychiatric obsessive-compulsive condition characterized by animal accumulation and often accompanied by unsanitary conditions and animal cruelty. Although AHD may increase pathogen transmission and spread, particularly for zoonotic diseases, human and dog exposure in such cases has yet to be fully established. Accordingly, this study aimed to assess Brucella canis in 19 individuals with AHD (11 households) and their 264 dogs (21 households) in Curitiba, the eighth largest city in Brazil, with approximately 1.8 million habitants. Anti-B. canis antibodies were detected by the 2-mercaptoethanol microplate agglutination test (2ME-MAT) and by a commercial lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA), while molecular detection of previously positive seropositive samples was performed by conventional PCR. Although all the human samples were 2ME-MAT negative, 12/264 (4.5%, 95% Confidence Interval: 2.0-7.0%) dog samples were 2ME-MAT and LFIA positive, with 2ME-MAT titers ranging from 20 to 640. At least one dog in 4/21 (19.0%, 95% CI: 2.0-46.0%) households was seropositive. Despite the absence of seropositivity in individuals with AHD and the comparatively low seroprevalence in dogs, B. canis circulation and outbreaks should be considered in such human populations due to the high burden and recurrent character of B. canis exposure in high-density dog populations and the constant introduction of susceptible animals.


Assuntos
Brucella canis , Brucelose , Doenças do Cão , Transtorno de Acumulação , Animais , Cães , Humanos , Brucella canis/genética , Brucelose/diagnóstico , Brucelose/epidemiologia , Brucelose/veterinária , Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Saúde Única , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
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