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1.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 905, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35524250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) and peer victimization (PV) are serious issues affecting children and adolescents. Despite the interrelatedness of these exposures, few studies have investigated their co-occurrence and combined impact on health outcomes. The study objectives were to determine the overall and sex-specific prevalence of lifetime exposure to CM and past-month exposure to PV in adolescents, and the impact of CM and PV co-occurrence on non-suicidal self-injury, suicidality, mental health disorders, and physical health conditions. METHODS: Adolescents aged 14-17 years (n = 2,910) from the 2014 Ontario Child Health Study were included. CM included physical, sexual, and emotional abuse, physical neglect, and exposure to intimate partner violence. PV included school-based, cyber, and discriminatory victimization. Logistic regression was used to compare prevalence by sex, examine independent associations and interaction effects in sex-stratified models and in the entire sample, and cumulative effects in the entire sample. RESULTS: About 10% of the sample reported exposure to both CM and PV. Sex differences were as follows: females had increased odds of CM, self-injury, suicidality, and internalizing disorders, and males had greater odds of PV, externalizing disorders, and physical health conditions. Significant cumulative and interaction effects were found in the entire sample and interaction effects were found in sex-stratified models, indicating that the presence of both CM and PV magnifies the effect on self-injury and all suicide outcomes for females, and on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and mental health disorders for males. CONCLUSIONS: Experiencing both CM and PV substantially increases the odds of poor health outcomes among adolescents, and moderating relationships affect females and males differently. Continued research is needed to develop effective prevention strategies and to examine protective factors that may mitigate these adverse health outcomes, including potential sex differences.


Assuntos
Bullying , Maus-Tratos Infantis , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ideação Suicida
2.
Epidemiol Serv Saude ; 31(1): e2021778, 2022.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508013

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the association between parental supervision characteristics and different bullying roles among Brazilian adolescent school students. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using data from the National School Student Health Survey (PeNSE) 2015. Frequent meals with parents/guardians, knowing about students' free time activities and checking their homework were the parental practices assessed. Logistic regression was used for association between these practices and bullying (perpetration and victimization), presented as odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). RESULTS: Among 102,072 school students, frequent meals with parents or guardians [ORvictim = 0.86 (95%CI 0.84;0.89); ORperp = 0.85 (95%CI 0.82;0.88)], checking homework [ORvictim = 0.95 (95%CI 0.92;0.97); ORperp = 0.76 (95%CI - 0.74;0.78)], and parents' or guardians' knowledge about students' free time activities [ORperp = 0.70 (95%CI 0.68;0.73] were inversely associated with bullying. CONCLUSION: Greater parental supervision reduced the odds of bullying victimization and perpetration among adolescent school students.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pais , Estudantes
3.
J Interpers Violence ; 37(9-10): 5849-5856, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362351

RESUMO

As studies have documented, children and adolescents who are identified as bullies, bully victims, or both are at an elevated risk of being involved in other forms of violence, for example, dating violence and sexual violence. Moreover, those who are exposed to violence (e.g., exposure to community violence) have increased odds of being involved in bullying. This special issue brings together scholars from a variety of disciplines (e.g., psychology, criminology/criminal justice, and social work) to investigate how involvement in bullying and other forms of violence are interrelated.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Delitos Sexuais , Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Criança , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Humanos , Violência
4.
Psicothema ; 34(2): 192-199, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35485531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peer victimization is a problem that affects adolescents worldwide. Since so few studies have been made on the relationship between maturity and indirect peer victimization, the main objective of this study was to determine if maturity provides incremental validity beyond the personality traits when predicting indirect victimization. Another objective was to test a model of how all these variables are related to depressive symptomatology and life satisfaction. METHOD: 548 high school students completed five questionnaires. We performed correlations, multiple regression analysis and structural equation analysis. RESULTS: The hierarchical regression analyses show that maturity has incremental validity in predicting indirect peer victimization. Two personality traits (emotional stability and agreeableness) and two maturity factors (identity and self-reliance) were major predictors of indirect peer victimization. The hierarchical regression analyses also show that major predictors were the same for girls and boys. The Structural Equation Model tested had a good fit, which suggests that indirect victimization increases depressive symptomatology and decreases life satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that both personality traits and psychological maturity have to be taken into account when predicting indirect peer victimization. The study also shows the emotional suffering related to this victimization.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Personalidade
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409878

RESUMO

Caregiving for mental health among people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) in the ID services was reported as insufficient. The purposes of this study were to investigate five types of peer victimization (PV) experiences among adults with ID using ID services, and to gain a deeper understanding of the influence of PV experience on adults with ID's long-term mental health status. A one-year longitudinal follow-up study was conducted from eight long-term care ID services (n = 176). Logistic regression analysis was applied to variables comprising personal characteristics, various types of PV experience and polyvictimization to predict period prevalence of psychiatric symptoms. The data indicated that nearly one-third of individuals with ID experienced at least one psychiatric symptom. The three most common psychiatric symptoms prevalent after one year were adjustment disorder, anxiety disorder, and somatoform disorder. Over the 1-year study period, approximately 40% of adults with ID reported experiencing PV. The most frequently reported types of PV were physical force (26%) and verbal victimization (22%). Polyvictimization was experienced by approximately a quarter of adults with ID. The findings suggest that PV is a common experience among adults in ID services. Thus, for a clearer understanding of mental health risks, caregivers should pay attention to adults with ID who experienced PV.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Deficiência Intelectual , Transtornos Mentais , Adulto , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Seguimentos , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/epidemiologia , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia
6.
Rev Med Suisse ; 18(778): 755-758, 2022 Apr 20.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35451280

RESUMO

Mobbing amongst students represent a worrying public health issue. The role of doctors, whether in the hospital or in the office, is decisive in the early detection of suffering related to a context of violence at school. The CAN Team offers support to professionals confronted with these situations in order to improve the collaboration of adults, professionals or parents, who accompany these young people. Since 2015, the canton of Vaud has been deploying a comprehensive system in schools to prevent and deal with mobbing amongst students. A communication procedure between the CAN Team and the schools has been set up in order to offer a coherent care for all children and adolescents in the canton.


Les phénomènes de harcèlement-intimidation entre élèves représentent un problème de santé publique préoccupant. Le rôle des médecins, que ce soit à l'hôpital ou au cabinet, est déterminant dans la détection précoce d'une souffrance en lien avec un contexte de violences à l'école. Le CAN Team (Child Abuse and Neglect Team) offre un soutien aux professionnel-le-s confron­té-e-s à ces situations afin d'améliorer la collaboration des adultes, professionnel-le-s ou parents, qui accompagnent ces jeunes. Le canton de Vaud déploie depuis 2015 dans les écoles un dispositif complet afin de prévenir et prendre en charge les phénomènes de harcèlement-intimidation entre élèves. Une procédure de communication entre le CAN Team et les écoles a été mise sur pied en vue d'offrir une prise en charge cohérente pour l'ensemble des enfants et des adolescent-e-s du canton.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estudantes , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Humanos , Pais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Violência
7.
J Nurs Adm ; 52(5): 266-272, 2022 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35420564

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study examines the relationship between bullying and intent to leave among a sample of LPNs as mediated by exhaustion, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. BACKGROUND: Bullying incidents may negatively impact the well-being, commitment, and retention for LPNs. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used. A total of 168 questionnaires (19.65% response rate) were analyzed, performing Pearson correlation, mediation, and hierarchical regression tests. RESULTS: LPNs reported a relatively high score on exhaustion and were somewhat committed to their organization. They were fairly satisfied with the job and unlikely to leave it. The model explained 72% of the variance in intent to leave, with commitment, exhaustion, and bullying being the strongest correlates. CONCLUSIONS: Nursing leadership needs to implement antibullying language in policies, institute communication and self-leadership trainings, model authentic leadership, and foster ethical climates to support the retention of LPNs.


Assuntos
Bullying , Técnicos de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Liderança , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 853, 2022 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35484506

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Injury is one of the major causes of death and illness among children and adolescents worldwide. We sought to investigate the prevalence of serious injury and its associated factors among in-school adolescents in eight countries in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: A sample of 14,967 in-school adolescents was drawn from the Global School-based Student Health Surveys conducted from 2012 to 2017 in eight sub-Saharan African countries. Data were collected using self-administered structured questionnaires. The prevalence of serious injuries was calculated using proportions while multivariable binary logistic regression analysis was carried out to determine the factors associated with serious injuries. RESULTS: Approximately 45% of in-school adolescents had experienced serious injuries during the past 12 months to the survey in the eight sub-Saharan African countries, with variations from 32.3% in Mauritius to 68.2% in Liberia. Adolescents who experienced bullying [aOR = 2.37, CI = 2.10, 2.68], those who engaged in physical fight [aOR = 2.14, CI = [1.87, 2.44], those who experienced an attack [aOR = 1.96, CI = [1.73, 2.22], those who felt anxious [aOR = 1.47, CI = 1.22,1.77], those who attempted suicide [aOR = 1.38, CI = 1.14, 1.65], truants [aOR = 1.33, CI = [1.17,1.51], current tobacco users [aOR = 1.42, CI = [1.01, 2.01] and current marijuana users [aOR = 1.78, CI = 1.08, 2.93] had higher odds of experiencing serious injuries. However, those whose parents or guardians respected their privacy had lower odds of experiencing serious injuries [aOR =0.78, CI = [0.68, 0.88] compared to those whose parents or guardians did not respect their privacy. CONCLUSION: A relatively high prevalence of serious injuries among in-school adolescents was identified in the eight sub-Saharan African countries studied. Programs and interventions that target the reduction of injuries in educational institutions should take a keen interest in the factors identified in this study. To deal with injury victims, first aid services should be provided in school settings.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Prevalência , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes/psicologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457589

RESUMO

This study aims to examine social support at work amongst the employees of Icelandic municipalities and its relationship to job satisfaction, bullying and harassment. The study is based on an online survey conducted in 2021. A total of 4973 employees answered the questionnaire in part or in full after three reminders (57% response rate). The majority of the participants in the study were women (82%), but this gender ratio was representative of the population. The results show that social support gave an average score of 4.2 on a scale of 1-5; 87% of the participants were rather often or always satisfied with their job, 8% had experienced bullying at work, 2% had experienced sexual harassment and 3% had experienced gender-based harassment. Social support has a positive, moderately strong correlation with employee job satisfaction and a weak negative correlation with bullying at work. Based on the results, social support is an important factor related to the job satisfaction of employees and is a protective factor against bullying and sexual harassment at work. This finding demonstrates that managers and those responsible for employee well-being in the workplace should focus on social support at work, especially now that the psychosocial work environment is fragile because of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Bullying , COVID-19 , Assédio Sexual , Bullying/psicologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Apoio Social , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457655

RESUMO

This study investigated (1) the associations of homophobic bullying victimization in childhood with borderline personality disorder (BPD) symptoms in early adulthood among gay and bisexual men; (2) the mediating effect of depressive symptoms on the association between homophobic bullying victimization and BPD symptoms, and (3) the moderating effects of perceived family support on the association between homophobic bullying victimization and BPD symptoms. A total of 500 gay or bisexual men aged between 20 and 25 years were recruited into this study. The experiences of physical, verbal and social relationship bullying victimization during childhood were evaluated using the Mandarin Chinese version of the School Bullying Experience Questionnaire. The experiences of cyberbullying victimization during childhood were evaluated using the Cyberbullying Experiences Questionnaire. BPD symptoms were assessed using the Borderline Symptom List. Depressive symptoms were examined using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Perceived family support was evaluated using the Family Adaptation, Partnership, Growth, Affection, and Resolve index. The results of mediation analyses demonstrated that all the types of homophobic bullying victimization in childhood were directly associated with BDP symptoms in young adulthood as well as indirectly associated with BPD symptoms through the mediation of depressive symptoms. The results of moderation analyses demonstrated that the association between homophobic bullying victimization and BPD symptoms decreased when the individuals had more family support. Intervention programs to reduce homophobic bullying victimization and enhance family support for gay and bisexual men and their families are necessary. Interventions to improve depressive and BPD symptoms among gay and bisexual men are also necessary, especially for those who experienced homophobic bullying victimization during childhood.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Borderline , Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMJ ; 377: o1020, 2022 04 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35473823

Assuntos
Bullying , Médicos , Humanos
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457691

RESUMO

Extant literature suggests that xenophobic bullying is intensified by isolated national or global events; however, the analysis of such occurrences is methodologically limited to the use of self-reported data. Examining disclosures of racist bullying episodes enables us to contextualize various perspectives that are shared online and generate insights on how COVID-19 has exacerbated the issue. Moreover, understanding the rationale and characteristics present in xenophobic bullying may have important implications for our social wellbeing, mental health, and inclusiveness as a global community both in the short and long term. This study employs a mixed-method approach using Big Data techniques as well as qualitative analysis of xenophobic bullying disclosures on Twitter following the spread of COVID-19. The data suggests that about half of the sample represented xenophobic bullying. The qualitative analysis also found that 64% of xenophobic bullying-related tweets referred to occasions that perpetuated racist stereotypes. Relatedly, the rationale for almost 75% of xenophobic bullying incidents was due to being Chinese or Asian. The findings of this study, coupled with anti-hate reports from around the world, are used to suggest multipronged policy interventions and considerations of how social media sites such as Twitter can be used to curb the spread of misinformation and xenophobic bullying.


Assuntos
Bullying , COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Big Data , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comunicação , Humanos
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457776

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bullying can pose a risk to the health and safety of humans, including the risk of damage to the emotional, psychosocial, mental, or physical health of employees in the workplace. In this study, we aimed to understand the personal characteristics, mental health, sleep quality, and workplace bullying status of Indonesian caregivers and explore the influencing factors of workplace bullying among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was based on a structured questionnaire in Indonesian, which was designed to collect the data of essential personal characteristics, workplace bullying, sleep quality, and mental health using the Indonesian versions of the Negative Acts Questionnaire-Revised (NAQ-R), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and the Brief Symptoms Rating Scale (BSRS-5). RESULTS: A total of 60.9% of Indonesian caregivers never experienced workplace bullying in Taiwan. A multiple regression analysis revealed that being a household caregiver (ß = 0.14, p = 0.021), sleep quality (ß = 0.18, p = 0.031), and mental health (ß = 0.44, p < 0.001) were significantly correlated with the overall workplace bullying scores of the respondents and revealed that these three variables explained 45% of the variance. CONCLUSIONS: Taiwan Indonesian caregivers have a similar workplace bullying rate to Indonesian employees in the workplace. This study indicated the relationships among the workplace bullying of foreign caregivers and demonstrated that being a household caregiver, sleep quality, and mental health were closely related.


Assuntos
Bullying , Estresse Ocupacional , Bullying/psicologia , Cuidadores , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Indonésia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
15.
Nat Hum Behav ; 6(4): 471-472, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35469025
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409533

RESUMO

Affective-sexual and gender diversity is an increasingly distinctive and extended reality and should be acknowledged and respected. From a psychosocial and educational point of view, it is appropriate to review young people's attitudes and knowledge regarding this, relating them to aspects such as empathy, violence, or bullying, to implement quality education in the early stages of primary education. The main objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between empathy levels, attitudes toward transsexuality, and bullying among Spanish university students. The sample consisted of 247 students. Instruments were administered to evaluate negative attitudes toward transsexual people, gender ideology, transphobia, bullying, and empathy. Inverse relationships were found between transphobia and empathy. Regression analysis demonstrated the predictive ability of empathy on attitudes toward transsexual people. The results of this study are expected to increase awareness in society and encourage appropriate, satisfactory, or tolerable coexistence, in which all individuals can be free to live and express themselves. While the results indicated that the quality of life of transgender people has comparatively improved, there is still a long way to go.


Assuntos
Bullying , Empatia , Adolescente , Atitude , Bullying/psicologia , Identidade de Gênero , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409586

RESUMO

Studies have shown the relationships among cybervictimization, coping strategies, and depression, but no study has examined the mechanism that links the three variables. Accordingly, this study used the transactional model of stress and coping theory as a conceptual framework and proposed that coping strategies are mediators for the effects of cybervictimization on depression. A total of 387 adolescents were recruited by using the purposive sampling method. The results showed that cybervictimization is not directly associated with depression. All the coping strategies are found to be associated with cybervictimization, but only the avoidant coping strategy is the statistical mediator for the effects of cybervictimization on depression. This study's findings suggest that the transactional model of stress and coping theory may provide a framework in the area of cyberbullying and recommend more actions to be taken in order to reduce the use of avoidance coping strategies among victims of cyberbullying.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Cyberbullying , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Depressão/epidemiologia , Humanos
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35409603

RESUMO

Research rarely explores LGBTQ+ youth bullying in the context of culture-specific outcomes (e.g., LGBTQ+ identity development) and what can mitigate the impact of peer stressors. This study used a concurrent mixed methods design to explore how experiences of peer victimization predicted LGBTQ+ youth's identity development (i.e., stigma sensitivity, concealment motivation, and difficult process) and whether social support and outness served as protective, moderating factors. The mixed methods approach provides a culture-specific context via qualitative inquiry to inform whether the quantitative findings align with how youth qualitatively discuss their experience of peer victimization, negative outcomes, and social support. Our sample consisted of 349 LGBTQ+ youth 14-17 years old who completed a survey (quantitative sample) and a subset of 39 LGBTQ+ youth who completed a semi-structured interview (qualitative sample). Our quantitative findings indicated that greater overall peer victimization was positively related to LGBIS-revised subscales of stigma sensitivity, concealment motivation, and difficult process, where both outness and social support moderated such relations. Qualitatively, victimized youth also reported stigma sensitivity and concealment motivation while also endorsing how being out and having a support system played a role in their experience of being victimized. These qualitative findings align with our quantitative findings that classmate support mitigated the effects of peer victimization on the difficulty of coming out. Implications for practitioners and researchers are provided.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adolescente , Humanos , Grupo Associado , Estigma Social
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457548

RESUMO

This pioneering study examined how psychosocial factors predicted reactive and proactive aggression among adolescents and young adults in Hong Kong during the Anti-Extradition Bill Movement. A total of 1027 local secondary and tertiary students (578 male, 449 female) aged from 12 to 25 years (M = 16.95, SD = 3.30) completed a questionnaire measuring political participation and attitudes, victimization experiences, aggression, life satisfaction, moral disengagement, and psychopathic traits. ANCOVA and multiple linear regression analyses were performed. The results revealed that compared with non-protesters, protestors had more negative traits and poorer well-being (higher levels of reactive aggression, moral disengagement, narcissism, and impulsivity; lower life satisfaction; more experiences of victimization by strangers related to political disputes). Nonetheless, protesters had similar psychosocial correlates of reactive and proactive aggression when compared to the non-protesters. Among the protesters, reactive aggression was positively predicted by anger towards the government, moral justification, diffusion of responsibility, impulsivity, and narcissism and negatively predicted by satisfaction with the government, advantageous comparison, and dehumanization. Furthermore, proactive aggression was positively predicted by narcissism, euphemistic language, and advantageous comparison and negatively predicted by moral justification. The implications of the findings for psychotherapy, school education, parenting, and social policies are discussed.


Assuntos
Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Narcisismo , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Adolesc ; 94(3): 305-317, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35390192

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The goal of this investigation was to understand the way in which the quantity and quality of maternal consulting are related to adolescents' peer victimization and loneliness and to examine whether these associations were moderated by adolescents' social competence. METHOD: An ethnically diverse sample of 70 early adolescents (Mage = 12.39 years; 51.4% girls) and their mothers, living in the United States, completed questionnaires and were video recorded discussing hypothetical peer-related issues. Quantity of maternal consulting was assessed using adolescents' reports and observers' assessments. Observers' assessments of the quality (e.g., benign interpretation, threatening interpretations, and prosocial strategies) of maternal consulting were also examined. RESULTS: Analyses revealed that adolescents' reports of higher quantity of consulting predicted lower levels of peer victimization. Observers' assessments of higher quantity of maternal consulting were related to higher levels of peer victimization. More frequent threatening interpretations by mothers were related to higher levels of peer victimization. More frequent benign interpretations by mothers were related to higher levels of loneliness. However, higher use of prosocial strategies by mothers were related to lower levels of loneliness. Social competence moderated the direct associations such that contrasting patterns of results emerged for the adolescents' reports of consulting versus the observers' reports of consulting. CONCLUSION: Findings shed light on the way in which quantity and quality of maternal consulting differentially predicts adolescents' peer victimization and loneliness.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão , Masculino , Grupo Associado
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