Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 5.313
Filtrar
1.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4784, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31553356

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of three types of muscular resistance training on adiposity, inflammation levels and insulin activity in Swiss mice with fat-rich diet-induced obesity. METHODS: Lean and obese male Swiss mice were selected and allocated to one of eight groups comprising eight mice each, as follows: standard diet + no training; standard diet + muscular resistance training; standard diet + hypertrophy training; standard diet + strength training; high-fat diet + no training; high-fat diet + muscular resistance training; high-fat diet + hypertrophy training; high-fat diet + strength training. The training protocol consisted of stair climbing for a 10-week period. Blood samples were collected for lactate analysis, glucose level measurement and insulin tolerance test. After euthanasia, adipose tissues were removed and weighed for adiposity index determination. Fragments of epididymal adipose tissue were then embedded for histological analysis or homogenized for tumor necrosis factor alpha level determination using the ELISA method. RESULTS: Ausency of differences in total training volume and blood lactate levels overall emphasize the similarity between the different resistance training protocols. Body weight loss, reduced adipocyte area and lower adiposity index were observed in trained obese mice, regardless of training modality. Different training protocols also improved insulin sensitivity and reduced inflammation levels. CONCLUSION: Resistance training protocols were equally effective in reducing body fat, inflammation levels and insulin resistance in obese mice.


Assuntos
Adiposidade/fisiologia , Hipertrofia/fisiopatologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Exercícios de Alongamento Muscular/métodos , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Condicionamento Físico Animal/fisiologia , Tecido Adiposo Branco/fisiopatologia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Peso Corporal/fisiologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Treinamento de Resistência/métodos , Fatores de Tempo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/análise
2.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 18: eAO4876, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576909

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sericin extracted from silkworm Bombyx mori cocoon on morphophysiological parameters in mice with obesity induced by high-fat diet. METHODS: Male C57Bl6 mice aged 9 weeks were allocated to one of two groups - Control and Obese, and fed a standard or high-fat diet for 10 weeks, respectively. Mice were then further subdivided into four groups with seven mice each, as follows: Control, Control-Sericin, Obese, and Obese-Sericin. The standard or high fat diet was given for 4 more weeks; sericin (1,000mg/kg body weight) was given orally to mice in the Control-Sericin and Obese-Sericin Groups during this period. Weight gain, food intake, fecal weight, fecal lipid content, gut motility and glucose tolerance were monitored. At the end of experimental period, plasma was collected for biochemical analysis. Samples of white adipose tissue, liver and jejunum were collected and processed for light microscopy analysis; liver fragments were used for lipid content determination. RESULTS: Obese mice experienced significantly greater weight gain and fat accumulation and had higher total cholesterol and glucose levels compared to controls. Retroperitoneal and periepididymal adipocyte hypertrophy, development of hepatic steatosis, increased cholesterol and triglyceride levels and morphometric changes in the jejunal wall were observed. CONCLUSION: Physiological changes induced by obesity were not fully reverted by sericin; however, sericin treatment restored jejunal morphometry and increased lipid excretion in feces in obese mice, suggesting potential anti-obesity effects.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/uso terapêutico , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Sericinas/uso terapêutico , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Animais , Fármacos Antiobesidade/farmacologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Colesterol/análise , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Trânsito Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sericinas/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Triglicerídeos/análise , Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
3.
Life Sci ; 237: 116914, 2019 Nov 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622606

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of the presente study was to examine the effects of oral gallic acid (GA) administration on the brown adipose tissue of obese mice fed with high-fat diet. New mechanisms and interactions pathways in thermogenesis were accessed through bioinformatics analyses. MAIN METHODS: Swiss male mice were divided into four groups and fed during 60 days with: standard diet, standard diet combined with gallic acid, high-fat diet and high-fat diet combined with gallic acid. Body weight, food intake, and blood parameters (glucose tolerance test, total-cholesterol, high-density low-c, triglyceride and glucose levels) were evaluated. Brown and subcutaneous white adipose tissue histological analysis were performed. SIRT1 and PGC1-α mRNA expression in the brown adipose tissue were assessed. KEY FINDINGS: Our main findings showed that the gallic acid improved glucose tolerance and metabolic parameters. These results were accompanied by bioinformatics analyses that evidenced SIRT1 as main target in the thermogenesis process, confirmed as increased SIRT1 mRNA expression was evidenced in the brown adipose tissue. SIGNIFICANCE: Together, the data suggest that the gallic acid effect in brown adipose tissue may improve body metabolism, glucose homeostasis and increase thermogenesis.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Ácido Gálico/farmacologia , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/patologia , Animais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/etiologia , Sirtuína 1/genética , Termogênese/efeitos dos fármacos
4.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(42): 11657-11664, 2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31549821

RESUMO

The therapeutic benefits of whole grains on diabetes mellitus have been continuously confirmed by in-depth research. To date, limited studies have investigated the effect of extruded products of whole grains on the insulin signaling pathway in vivo. This study investigated the effects of oral consumption of whole grain extrudate, including 97% brown rice and 3% defatted rice bran (w/w, BRD), on glucose metabolism and the hepatic insulin signaling pathway in C57BL/KsJ-db/db mice. BRD treatment induced a remarkable reduction in blood glucose. Moreover, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance were ameliorated in the BRD-treated group compared with those in the db/db control group. BRD also increased the hepatic glycogen content by reducing the expression and increasing the phosphorylation of glycogen synthase kinase 3ß (GSK3ß). The activities of glucose-6-phosphatase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase and their respective mRNA expression levels in the liver were simultaneously decreased in the BRD-treated group. BRD also significantly upregulated the expression of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and increased the phosphorylation of insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1) and protein kinase B (AKT). These results indicate that BRD exhibits antidiabetic potential by activating the IRS1/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, further regulating the expression of the FOXO1 gene and p-GSK3ß protein, thus inhibiting hepatic gluconeogenesis, increasing hepatic glycogen storage, and improving insulin resistance. Therefore, BRD could be used as a functional ingredient to alleviate the symptoms of hyperglycemia.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/dietoterapia , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Insulina/metabolismo , Oryza/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Glicemia/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Oryza/química , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
5.
Life Sci ; 234: 116780, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430453

RESUMO

Bronchial asthma and obesity are common health problems. Obesity is already responsible for 300,000 deaths per year. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess whether apocynin, alpha lipoic acid and probiotic administration in combination with low-fat diet supplementation influences the levels of antioxidant enzymes in the pulmonary tissues of obese asthmatic mice. MAIN METHODS: The study was performed on male C57/BL6 mice divided into 10 groups: (I) control; (II) asthma; (III) obesity; (IV) asthma + obesity; (V) asthma + obesity + apocynin p.o. 15 mg/kg/day for 12 weeks; (VI) asthma + obesity + low-fat diet for 12 weeks; (VII) asthma + obesity + low-fat diet for 12 weeks with apocynin p.o. 15 mg/kg/day; (VIII) asthma + obesity + low-fat diet with probiotics for 12 weeks; (IX) asthma + obesity + low-fat diet for 12 weeks with lipoic acid p.o. 100 mg/kg/day for 12 weeks; (X) asthma + obesity + standard diet with probiotics for 12 weeks. Superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione reductase (GR) activity were examined. The administration of apocynin alone and apocynin in combination with a low-fat diet resulted in a significant increase in SOD values (respectively p < 0.001; p = 0.010). Application of probiotics resulted in a decrease in CAT activity (p = 0.037) and an increase in GPx activity (p < 0.001) compared to obese asthmatic mice. The administration of lipoic acid resulted in an increase in GR activity (p = 0.024 vs. control). KEY FINDINGS: Supplementation containing apocynin, lipoic acid and probiotics has a positive influence on the antioxidant capacity of the pulmonary tissues of obese asthmatic mice. SIGNIFICANCE: These results may contribute to the development of new therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Acetofenonas/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Tióctico/uso terapêutico , Animais , Asma/complicações , Asma/metabolismo , Catalase/análise , Catalase/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/análise , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/análise , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
6.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 67(8): 824-838, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366832

RESUMO

We synthesized and evaluated novel 5-[2-(thiophen-2-yl)propan-2-yl]-4H-1,2,4-triazole derivatives as 11ß-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11ß-HSD1) inhibitors. Optimization of the thiophene ring and the substituents on the 1,2,4-triazole ring produced 3,4-dicyclopropyl-5-{2-[3-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl)thiophen-2-yl]propan-2-yl}-4H-1,2,4-triazole monohydrochloride (9a), which showed potent and selective inhibitory activity against human 11ß-HSD1. Compound 9a was also metabolically stable against human and mouse liver microsomes. Oral administration of 9a to diabetic ob/ob mice lowered corticosterone levels in adipose tissue, and thereby reduced plasma glucose and insulin levels in a dose-dependent manner.


Assuntos
11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Descoberta de Drogas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Triazóis/farmacologia , 11-beta-Hidroxiesteroide Desidrogenase Tipo 1/metabolismo , Administração Oral , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/administração & dosagem , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/química , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Estrutura Molecular , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Triazóis/química
7.
Environ Toxicol ; 34(10): 1149-1159, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31313498

RESUMO

Exposure to environmental contaminants and consumption of a high, saturated fatty diet has been demonstrated to promote precursors for metabolic syndrome (hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and hypertriglyceridemia). The purpose of this study was to determine if exposure to the most prevalent environmental persistent organic pollutants (POPs) would act as causative agents to promote metabolic syndrome independent of dietary intake. We hypothesized that POPs will activate the advanced glycated end-product (AGE)-and receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling cascade to promote downstream signaling modulators of cardiovascular remodeling and oxidative stress in the heart. At 5-weeks of age nondiabetic (WT) and diabetic (ob/ob) mice were exposed POPs mixtures by oral gavage twice a week for 6-weeks. At the end of 6-weeks, animals were sacrificed and the hearts were taken for biochemical analysis. Increased activation of the AGE-RAGE signaling cascade via POPs exposure resulted in elevated levels of fibroblast differentiation (α-smooth muscle actin) and RAGE expression indicated maladaptive cardiac remodeling. Conversely, the observed decreased superoxide dismutase-1 and -2 (SOD-1 and SOD-2) expression may exacerbate the adverse changes occurring as a result of POPs treatment to reduce innate cardioprotective mechanisms. In comparison, ventricular collagen levels were decreased in mice exposed to POPs. In conclusion, exposure to organic environmental pollutants may intensify oxidative and inflammatory stressors to overwhelm protective mechanisms allowing for adverse cardiac remodeling.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Poluentes Ambientais/efeitos adversos , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Animais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/genética , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/patologia , Feminino , Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/metabolismo , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptor para Produtos Finais de Glicação Avançada/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
8.
Mar Drugs ; 17(6)2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195737

RESUMO

Astaxanthin is an important antioxidant with many biological activities such as anti-tumor, anti-obesity, cardioprotective, and immuno-modulatory activities. Most of these biological activities are derived from (3S,3'S)-astaxanthin, while the activities of (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin are rarely reported. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin on lipid metabolism and gut microbiota in mice fed with a high-fat diet. In this work, 40 male C57BL/6 mice were divided into 8 groups fed a high-fat diet supplemented or not with (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin or Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous for 8 weeks. The weight gain, energy intake, fat index, plasma triacylglycerol and cholesterol, liver triacylglycerol and cholesterol, and gut microbiota were determined. The results showed that the addition of (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin/X. dendrorhous to the high-fat diet as a supplement prevented weight gain, reduced plasma and liver triacylglycerol, and decreased plasma and liver total cholesterol. The addition of (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin/X. dendrorhous also regulated the gut microbiota of the mice, which optimized the ratio of Bacteroides to Firmicutes and increased the content of Verrucomicrobia, especially Akkermansia. The changes in the gut microflora achieved a healthier structure, thus reducing the incidence of obesity. Thus (3R,3'R)-Astaxanthin has the function of regulating lipid metabolism and gut microbiota to prevent obesity caused by a high-fat diet. The production strain of (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin, X. dendrorhous, has the same function as astaxanthin in preventing obesity caused by a high-fat diet, which reflects its potential ability as a probiotic drug.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/química , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Basidiomycota/fisiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Xantofilas/farmacologia
9.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 52(6): 1484-1502, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31099508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily C member 6 (TRPC6) is a Ca2+-permeable nonselective cation channel and has received recent attention because of its capability to promote chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aims of this study were (i) to examine whether deletion of TRPC6 impacts on renal fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in an early CKD model of unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO) in mice; and (ii) whether TRPC6-deficiency as well as UUO affect the regulation of TRPC expression in murine kidneys. METHODS: Wild-type (WT), Trpc6-knockout (Trpc6-/-) and New Zealand obese (NZO) mice underwent sham operation or unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). The kidneys were harvested 7 days after surgery. We examined renal fibrosis and inflammatory cell infiltration by histological and immunohistochemical staining. The mRNA expression of TRPC members and markers of fibrosis and inflammation in kidney were assessed by using real-time quantitative reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: Histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed less inflammatory cell infiltration (F4/80 and CD3) in UUO kidneys of Trpc6-/- mice compared to UUO kidneys of WT mice as well as less fibrosis. Genomic deletion of TRPC6 also affected the expression of pro-fibrotic genes in UUO Trpc6-/- kidneys compared to UUO WT kidneys while the expression of pro-inflammatory genes did not differ. UUO caused marked up-regulation of Trpc6 and down-regulation of Trpc1 mRNA in kidneys of WT and NZO mice. Trpc3 mRNA expression was significantly elevated in kidneys of Trpc6-/- mice underwent UUO while the levels did not change in kidneys of neither WT nor in NZO mice underwent UUO. CONCLUSION: TRPC6 contributes to renal fibrosis and immune cell infiltration in the UUO mouse model. Therefore, inhibition of TRPC6 emerges as a promising novel therapeutic strategy for treatment of chronic kidney failure in chronic obstructive nephropathy. However, confounding genomic and non-genomic effects of other TRPC channels should be taken into consideration to fully comprehend the renoprotective potential of targeting TRPC6 therapeutically under chronic kidney damaging conditions.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Rim/patologia , Canais de Cátion TRPC/genética , Obstrução Ureteral/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose , Deleção de Genes , Inflamação/complicações , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/patologia , Rim/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Obesos , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/genética , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Regulação para Cima , Obstrução Ureteral/complicações , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia
10.
J Nat Med ; 73(3): 584-588, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31028661

RESUMO

The antidiabetic effects of a hot water extract of the stems of Salacia chinensis (SCE) were evaluated in vivo in ob/ob mice (genetically obese hyperglycemic mice). Administration of dietary feed containing 0.20 and 0.50% of SCE for 23 days to ob/ob mice significantly suppressed the elevation of both blood glucose and HbA1c levels, without significantly changing body weight and food intake. To characterize the antidiabetic effects of the thiosugar sulfonium constituent neokotalanol (1), which has potent α-glucosidase inhibitory activity, we performed a similar in vivo study. HbA1c levels were significantly suppressed in ob/ob mice after the administration of dietary feed containing 0.0003% of neokotalanol (1) for 20 days. These results indicate that SCE and neokotalanol (1) are potential leads for the development of novel antidiabetic agents.


Assuntos
Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Salacia/química , Tioaçúcares/farmacologia , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade , Tioaçúcares/química
11.
Nutrients ; 11(4)2019 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935076

RESUMO

The gastrointestinal-brain axis is a key mediator of the body weight and energy homeostasis regulation. Uroguanylin (UGN) has been recently proposed to be a part of this gut-brain axis regulating food intake, body weight and energy expenditure. Expression of UGN is regulated by the nutritional status and dependent on leptin levels. However, the exact molecular mechanisms underlying this UGN-leptin metabolic regulation at a hypothalamic level still remains unclear. Using leptin resistant diet-induced obese (DIO) mice, we aimed to determine whether UGN could improve hypothalamic leptin sensitivity. The present work demonstrates that the central co-administration of UGN and leptin potentiates leptin's ability to decrease the food intake and body weight in DIO mice, and that UGN activates the hypothalamic signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and phosphatidylinositide 3-kinases (PI3K) pathways. At a functional level, the blockade of PI3K, but not STAT3, blunted UGN-mediated leptin responsiveness in DIO mice. Overall, these findings indicate that UGN improves leptin sensitivity in DIO mice.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Alimentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Leptina/metabolismo , Peptídeos Natriuréticos/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/etiologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
12.
Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics ; 17(1): 64-75, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026583

RESUMO

Inulin has been used as a prebiotic to alleviate glucose and lipid metabolism disorders in mice and humans by modulating the gut microbiota. However, the mechanism underlying the alleviation of metabolic disorders by inulin through interactions between the gut microbiota and host cells is unclear. We use ob/ob mice as a model to study the effect of inulin on the cecal microbiota by 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing and its interaction with host cells by transcriptomics. The inulin-supplemented diet improved glucose and lipid metabolism disorder parameters in ob/ob mice, alleviating fat accumulation and glucose intolerance. The α diversity of gut microbial community of ob/ob mice was reduced after inulin treatment, while the ß diversity tended to return to the level of wild type mice. Interestingly, Prevotellaceae UCG 001 (family Prevotellaceae) was obviously enriched after inulin treatment. A comparative analysis of the gene expression profile showed that the cecal transcriptome was changed in leptin gene deficiency mice, whereas the inulin-supplemented diet partially reversed the changes in leptin gene-related signaling pathways, especially AMPK signaling pathway, where the levels of gene expression became comparable to those in wild type mice. Further analysis indicated that Prevotellaceae UCG 001 was positively correlated with the AMPK signaling pathway, which was negatively correlated with markers of glycolipid metabolism disorders. Our results suggest that the inulin-supplemented diet alleviates glucose and lipid metabolism disorders by partially restoring leptin related pathways mediated by gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inulina/uso terapêutico , Leptina/genética , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Prebióticos , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Ceco/enzimologia , Ceco/metabolismo , Ceco/microbiologia , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/enzimologia , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/microbiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma
13.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(2): 517-523, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30972993

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of different exercise loads on sex hormones and expressions of relevant genes in hypothalamus in obese mice. Sixty weaning male C57BL/6 mice were used as subjects. Among them, 15 mice were randomly classified into the normal diet group (CON group), and the remaining 45 mice into high-fat diet group (MOB group). The obesity was successfully achieved by high-fat diet 10 weeks later. Then the rats were randomly divided into three groups based on weight, namely, obesity control group (OBC group), obesity with moderate-intensity exercise group (MOBC group), and obesity with high-intensity exercise group (HOBC group), with 15 mice in each group. Mice in the MOBC group and HOBC group were offered 8 weeks of swimming training, and the exercise time increased incrementally until 2 h and 4 h per day. After the training was over, ELISA method was used to determine the serum levels of Adiponectin (Adipo), luteotropic hormone (LH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and testosterone (T). Real-time PCR was implemented to detect the transcriptional levels of genes of Adipo and other relevant proteins in the hypothalamus. The result showed that compared with the CON group, there was a significant reduction in the serum levels of Adipo, LH, FSH and T in the OBC group (P<0.05). As compared with the OBC group, the serum levels of Adipo, LH, FSH and T increased significantly in the OBC group (P<0.05). There was a significant increase in the transcriptional levels of Adipo, Adipo receptor 1 (Adipo R1), and AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the OBC group (P<0.05) compared to in the CON group; meanwhile, the transcriptional levels of kisspeptin (Kiss) and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) decreased significantly (P<0.05). In conclusion, long-term moderate-intensity exercise could improve the negative effect of obesity on sex development. Long-term high-intensity exercises could not improve the inhibitory effect of obesity on sex development.


Assuntos
Hormônios Esteroides Gonadais/sangue , Hipotálamo/metabolismo , Obesidade/genética , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Adiponectina/sangue , Animais , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/metabolismo , Kisspeptinas/metabolismo , Hormônio Luteinizante/sangue , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Distribuição Aleatória , Testosterona/sangue
14.
Infect Immun ; 87(6)2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962398

RESUMO

Obesity is increasingly causing lifestyle diseases in developed countries where helminthic infections are rarely seen. Here, we investigated whether an intestinal nematode, Heligmosomoides polygyrus, has a suppressive role in diet-induced obesity in mice. Infection with H. polygyrus suppressed weight gain in obese mice, which was associated with increased uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) expression in adipocytes and a higher serum norepinephrine (NE) concentration. Blocking interactions of NE with its receptor on adipocytes resulted in the failure to prevent weight gain and to enhance UCP1 expression in obese mice infected with H. polygyrus, indicating that NE is responsible for the protective effects of H. polygyrus on obesity. In addition to sympathetic nerve-derived NE, the intestinal microbiota was involved in the increase in NE. Infection with H. polygyrus altered the composition of intestinal bacteria, and antibiotic treatment to reduce intestinal bacteria reversed the higher NE concentration, UCP1 expression, and prevention of the weight gain observed after H. polygyrus infection. Our data indicate that H. polygyrus exerts suppressive roles on obesity through modulation of microbiota that produce NE.


Assuntos
Terapia Biológica , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Nematospiroides dubius/fisiologia , Obesidade/microbiologia , Obesidade/terapia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Intestinos/microbiologia , Intestinos/parasitologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Norepinefrina/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/parasitologia , Proteína Desacopladora 1/genética , Proteína Desacopladora 1/metabolismo
15.
J Med Food ; 22(6): 560-566, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013456

RESUMO

The gut microbiota is the most important environmental factor that plays a role in inducing obesity. The gram-negative bacteria, Enterobacter cloacae strains, recently identified in obese mice are considered to be pathogenic bacteria in the gut. Probiotics are important members of the gut microbiota and exert beneficial effects, including inhibiting the growth of potential pathogenic bacteria. Therefore, we isolated a total of 230 lactic acid bacteria from traditional, Korean fermented foods and fecal samples from newborn infants, including Lactobacillus plantarum LMT1-48, which exhibited maximal antimicrobial activity against E. cloacae. We next investigated the functional antiobesity effects of L. plantarum LMT1-48 in an E. cloacae-induced high-fat diet (HFD)-fed animal obesity model. To this end, the L. plantarum LMT1-48 showed antiobesity effects, including body weight loss and reduction of abdominal fat volume, which was accompanied by a decrease in leptin and total cholesterol levels in E. cloacae-induced HFD-fed mice. Notably, gut microbiota diversity also increased after long-term ingestion of L. plantarum LMT1-48, resulting in amelioration of obesity in E. cloacae-induced HFD-fed mice. Accordingly, results suggest that dietary intake of L. plantarum LMT1-48 protects against the onset of E. cloacae-induced obesity.


Assuntos
Fármacos Antiobesidade/administração & dosagem , Enterobacter cloacae/fisiologia , Lactobacillus plantarum/fisiologia , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Probióticos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Antibiose , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Humanos , Intestinos/microbiologia , Leptina/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/microbiologia , Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
16.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(5): 739-748, 2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31030453

RESUMO

Cheonggukjang and chaga mushrooms have numerous health benefits, and have been used in alternative medicine. Therefore, a powder mixture of 98: Cheonggukjang and 2: Chaga extracts was fermented with Lactobacillus acidophilus KCTC3925 (FCC) and its anti-obesity effects in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice were determined. Five-week-old male ICR mice were fed a normal diet or HFD in the presence or absence of 3% and 5% FCC by weight (n = 10 per group). After 12 weeks, the mice were sacrificed, and the serum and tissue samples were collected for analysis. Body weight and epididymal fat pad weight were significantly lowered in the 3% and 5% FCC groups compared with those in the HFD control group (p < 0.01). FCC supplementation suppressed serum triglyceride and increased serum HDL-C levels (p < 0.01). Serum GOT, GPT, and leptin levels, hepatic COX-2 mRNA expression, and splenic COX-2 and IL-4 mRNA expression were significantly higher in the HFD groups than in the control group (p > 0.05); however, except for splenic IL-4 levels, the increases were significantly attenuated by FCC supplementation. Expression of ICAM-1, an aortic inflammatory marker, was significantly increased in the HFD group; this effect was suppressed in the 3% FCC group (p < 0.01) but not in the 5% FCC group. FCC suppressed the body weight and epididymal fat pad weight gain, as well as inflammatory responses in the liver and spleen of HFD-fed mice. Thus, FCC supplementation will be beneficial for the treatment of obesity-related effects.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Alimentos Fermentados , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo , Animais , Peso Corporal , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Fermentação , Lactobacillus acidophilus , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Obesos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Baço/patologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue
17.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 114: 108781, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30903919

RESUMO

AIMS: Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenesis could contribute to energy expenditure, which is critical for the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). In the present study, we aimed to systematically investigate whether traditional Chinese medication Jinlida (JLD) granules could improve metabolic disorders and activate BAT thermogenesis in C57BL/6 J mice fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). METHODS: In the present study, JLD (3.8 g/kg) in 0.5% of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) solution was administrated daily by oral gavage to HFD-induced mice for 15 weeks. The body weight, biochemical analysis, histology analysis, intraperitoneal glucose and insulin tolerance (OGTT and ITT) tests were measured to explore metabolic disorders. Cold tolerance test, real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), immunohistochemistry, and western blot were performed to evaluate BAT function. RESULTS: As results, JLD treatment significantly ameliorated HFD-induced obesity and fat mass gain, maintained glucose and lipid homeostasis, and improved hepatic steatosis and inflammation. More importantly, we observed that JLD markedly activated BAT thermogenesis in HFD-induced obese mice. Moreover, our data confirmed that JLD promoted mitochondrial biogenesis and fatty acid oxidation metabolism in BAT. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggested that JLD could improve metabolic disorders in associated with activation of BAT thermogenesis via enhancement of mitochondrial biogenesis and fatty acid oxidation metabolism, thus providing a new pharmacological evidence for the clinical usage of JLD in T2DM treatment.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo Marrom/efeitos dos fármacos , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo Marrom/metabolismo , Animais , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado Gorduroso/tratamento farmacológico , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Obesidade/metabolismo , Termogênese/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Food Funct ; 10(4): 1915-1927, 2019 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869673

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is closely correlated with chronic low-grade inflammation and gut dysbiosis. Prebiotic inulin (INU) is conducive to modulate gut dysbiosis. However, the impact of dietary inulin on the diverse stages of T2DM remains largely unknown. In the present study, according to the fasting blood glucose (FBG) and oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTT), mice were randomly divided into six groups (15 mice per group): pre-diabetic group (PDM group); inulin-treated pre-diabetic group (INU/PDM group); early diabetic group (EDM group); inulin-treated early diabetic group (INU/EDM group); diabetic group (DM group); inulin-treated diabetic group (INU/DM group). All animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University (No. 2016-232). After 6 weeks of inulin intervention, the mice were euthanized and the associated indicators were investigated. Dietary inulin significantly reduced FBG, body weights (BWs), glycated hemoglobin (GHb), blood lipid, plasma lipopolysaccharide (LPS), interleukin (IL)-6, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-17A in the three inulin-treated groups compared to the untreated groups. But for IL-17A, there remained no significant difference between the PDM group and the INU/PDM group. Moreover, the anti-inflammatory IL-10 showed significant alteration in the INU/PDM and INU/EDM groups, but no significant alteration in the INU/DM group. Sequencing analysis of the gut microbiota showed an elevation in the relative abundance of Cyanobacteria and Bacteroides and a reduction in the relative abundance of Ruminiclostridium_6 in three inulin-treated different stages of T2DM groups, as well as a reduction in the relative abundance of Deferribacteres and Tenericutes in the INU/DM group. A reduction in the relative abundance of Mucispirillum was detected in the INU/PDM and INU/EDM groups. Correlation analysis revealed that Cyanobacteria and Bacteroides abundance were positively correlated with IL-10; Deferribacteres, Tenericutes, Mucispirillum and Ruminiclostridium_6 abundance were closely related to IL-6, TNF-α or IL-17A respectively. Additionally, Mucispirillum and Ruminiclostridium_6 abundance were positively correlated with LPS. Taken together, dietary inulin alleviated the diverse stages of T2DM via suppressing inflammation and modulating gut microbiota.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/imunologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/microbiologia , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Inulina/administração & dosagem , Prebióticos/administração & dosagem , Animais , Bactérias/classificação , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias/genética , Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/metabolismo , Feminino , Teste de Tolerância a Glucose , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Interleucina-17/imunologia , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/imunologia
19.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(1): 19-24, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30914111

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the expression levels of hepatic immune-related genes in C57BL/6J mice treated by high-fat diet. Methods Male C57BL/6J mice were treated by high-fat diet for 16 and 38 weeks, and the control group were given normal diet. The body mass and blood glucose levels were measured, and the liver slices were checked by HE staining. Hepatic RNA was extracted and sequenced by a Beijing Genomics Institute (BGI) BGISEQ-500 Sequencing Platform. Original sequence data were aligned and annotated referring to UCSC GRCm38/mm10 mouse genome. Volcano plots were used to profile the mRNA expression data matrix and find out the most significantly regulated hepatic immune-related genes. Real-time PCR was performed to validate the changes of selected genes. Results High-fat diet significantly increased mouse body mass and blood glucose levels, and HE staining showed the accumulation of lipid in the livers of mice treated by high-fat diet. Volcano plots of transcriptome data showed that, high-fat diet significantly changed the expression levels of 157 out of 795 hepatic immune-related genes at week 16. At week 38, 235 genes were significantly changed, and most genes showed an up-regulation trend. Among those significantly changed genes, six genes were selected to validate the data with a real-time PCR technology. At week 16, the gene expression levels of CD36 and PR domain containing 1 (PRDM1) significantly increased, and CD276 significantly decreased. At week 38, the gene expression levels of chemokine CXC motif ligand 1 (CXCL1), CD40 and formyl peptode receptor 1 (FPR1) were significantly raised. The real-time PCR data were generally in line with the trend of transcriptomic data. Conclusion Long-term treatment with high-fat diet significantly changes the gene expression levels of mouse hepatic immune-related genes.


Assuntos
Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fígado Gorduroso , Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Fator 1 de Ligação ao Domínio I Regulador Positivo
20.
PLoS One ; 14(3): e0205477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30889182

RESUMO

Metabolic syndrome (MS), overlapping type 2 diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and/or hypertension, owing to high-fat diet, poses risk for cardiovascular disease. A critical feature associated with such risk is the functional impairment of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). Dipeptidyl dipeptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4 i) not only inhibit degradation of incretins to control blood glucose levels, but also improve EPC bioactivity and induce anti-inflammatory effects in tissues. In the present study, we investigated the effects of such an inhibitor, MK-06266, in an ischemia model of MS using diet-induced obese (DIO) mice. EPC bioactivity was examined in MK-0626-administered DIO mice and a non-treated control group, using an EPC colony-forming assay and bone marrow cKit+ Sca-1+ lineage-cells, and peripheral blood-mononuclear cells. Our results showed that, in vitro, the effect of MK-0626 treatment on EPC bioactivities and differentiation was superior compared to the control. Furthermore, microvascular density and pericyte-recruited arteriole number increased in MK-0626-administered mice, but not in the control group. Lineage profiling of isolated cells from ischemic tissues revealed that MK-0626 administration has an inhibitory effect on unproductive inflammation. This occurred via a decrease in the influx of total blood cells and pro-inflammatory cells such as neutrophils, total macrophages, M1, total T-cells, cytotoxic T-cells, and B-cells, with a concomitant increase in number of regeneration-associated cells, such as M2/M ratio and Treg/T-helper. Laser Doppler analysis revealed that at day 14 after ischemic injury, blood perfusion in hindlimb was greater in MK-0626-treated DIO mice, but not in control. In conclusion, the DPP-4 i had a positive effect on EPC differentiation in MS model of DIO mice. Following ischemic injury, DPP-4 i sharply reduced recruitment of pro-inflammatory cells into ischemic tissue and triggered regeneration and reparation, making it a promising therapeutic agent for MS treatment.


Assuntos
Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Membro Posterior/efeitos dos fármacos , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Triazóis/farmacologia , Adulto , Animais , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/farmacologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/citologia , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Isquemia/etiologia , Isquemia/patologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/citologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Obesos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/etiologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA