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1.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 18(5): 504-517, sept. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008288

RESUMO

Nowdays it is established that ischemic brain damage like ischemic stroke is one of the leading cause of death and disability in the population that assumes relevance development of anti-ischemic drugs. The work studied the anti-hypoxic and anti-ischemic effect of 7 plant extracts. Antihypoxic activity was assessed on models of hypobaric, hypercapnic, histotoxic, hematotoxic hypoxia. Anti-ischemic activity of test-extracts was studied on the focal cerebral ischemia model. Administration of Tagetes patula, Gaillardia pulchella, Sorbaria sorbifolia, Grossularia reclinata, Ribes nigrum, Rubus caesius and Lysimachia punctata extracts contributed to the necrosis zone reduction by 56.6% (p<0.05); 37.3% (p<0.05); 73.2% (p<0.05); 49.4% (p<0.05); 42.5% (p<0.05); 85.5% (p<0.05); 44.2% (p<0.05) and also restored aerobic metabolism in brain tissue. Test - objects increased of the animal lifespan under hypoxia conditions. Based on the data obtained, it is assumed that further studies of North Caucasus flora plant extracts as cerebro-protective agents are promising.


Hoy en día, se ha establecido que el daño cerebral isquémico, como el accidente cerebrovascular isquémico, es una de las principales causas de muerte y discapacidad en la población lo cual hace relevante el desarrollo fármacos antiisquémicos. En este trabajo se estudió el efecto antihipóxico y antiisquémico de siete extractos de plantas. La actividad antihipóxica se evaluó en modelos de hipoxia hipocrática, hipercápnica, histotóxica y hematotóxica. La actividad antiisquémica de los extractos de prueba se estudió en el modelo de isquemia cerebral focal. La administración de los extractos de Tagetes patula; Gaillardia pulchella; Sorbaria sorbifolia; Grossularia reclinata; Ribes nigrum; Rubus caesius y Lysimachia punctata contribuyeron a la reducción de la zona de necrosis en un 56,6% (p<0,05); 37,3% (p<0,05); 73,2% (p<0,05); 49,4% (p<0,05); 42,5% (p<0,05); 85,5% (p<0,05); 44.2% (p<0.05), respectivamente, además, de restaurar el metabolismo aeróbico en el tejido cerebral. Comparado con el control, se observó un aumento en el tiempo de sobrevida del animal en condiciones de hipoxia. Sobre la base de los interesantes datos obtenidos, se sugiere estudios adicionales de extractos de plantas de la flora del Cáucaso Norte como agentes protectores del cerebro.


Assuntos
Animais , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico , Isquemia Encefálica/tratamento farmacológico , Hipóxia/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Trifosfato de Adenosina/análise , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Láctico/análise , Ácido Pirúvico/análise , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
2.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2261-2271, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31367836

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in bladder cancer progression and invasion. METHODS: We cultured three bladder cancer cell lines, muscle-invasive T24 and 5637, and non-muscle-invasive KK47, in the presence of a recombinant-Shh (r-Shh) protein or cyclopamine, a Shh signaling inhibitor, to investigate proliferation and expression of EMT markers. Wound-healing assays and transwell assay were performed to evaluate cell invasion and migration. Mice were then inoculated with bladder cancer cells and treated with cyclopamine. Mouse tumor samples were stained for Shh signaling and EMT markers. RESULTS: R-Shh protein enhanced cell proliferation, whereas cyclopamine significantly suppressed cell proliferation, especially in invasive cancer (5637 and T24) (p < 0.05). R-Shh protein promoted EMT, suppressed E-cadherin and enhanced N-cadherin and vimentin and Gli1, an Shh downstream molecule, while cyclopamine blocked EMT, especially in 5637 and T24. Cyclopamine also inhibited cell invasion and migration in vitro. In the animal study, intraperitoneal injection of cyclopamine significantly suppressed tumor growth in 5637 and T24 in mice (p = 0.01 and p = 0.004, respectively) and slightly suppressing KK47 tumor growth (p = 0.298). Significant cyclopamine-induced suppression of Gli1 in 5637 and T24 mouse tumors (both p = 0.03) was seen, suggesting that muscle-invasive bladder cancer may be more dependent on Shh signaling than non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. CONCLUSIONS: Shh signaling and EMT were especially enhanced in muscle-invasive bladder cancer progression and invasion, and suppressed by the inhibition of Shh signaling.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Proteínas Hedgehog/fisiologia , Neoplasias Musculares/secundário , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Proteínas Hedgehog/metabolismo , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias Musculares/metabolismo , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo
3.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2273-2283, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31428934

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Recent research has classified lung adenocarcinoma patients with KRAS mutation into three subtypes by co-occurring genetic events in TP53 (KP subgroup), STK11/LKB1 (KL subgroup) and CDKN2A/B inactivation plus TTF-1 low expression (KC subgroup). The aim of this study was to identify valuable biomarkers by searching the candidate molecules that contribute to lung adenocarcinoma pathogenesis, especially KC subtype. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed the publicly available database and identified the candidate REG4 using the E-GEOD-31210 dataset, and then confirmed by TCGA dataset. In addition, an independent cohort of 55 clinical samples was analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR analysis. Functional studies and RNA sequencing were performed after silencing the REG4 expression. RESULTS: REG4, an important regulator of gastro-intestinal carcinogenesis, was highly expressed in KRAS mutant lung adenocarcinoma with low expression of TTF-1 (KC subtype). The results were validated both by gene expression analysis and immunohistochemistry study in an independent 55 clinical samples from Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center. Further in vitro and in vivo functional assays revealed silencing REG4 expression significantly reduces cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenesis. Moreover, RNA sequencing and GSEA analysis displayed that REG4 knockdown might induce cell cycle arrest by regulating G2/M checkpoint and E2F targets. CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that REG4 plays an important role in KRAS-driven lung cancer pathogenesis and is a novel biomarker of lung adenocarcinoma subtype. Future studies are required to clarify the underlying mechanisms of REG4 in the division and proliferation of KC tumors and its potential therapeutic value.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Proteínas Associadas a Pancreatite/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/fisiologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Mutantes/genética , Proteínas Mutantes/fisiologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo
4.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(3): 439-452, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436397

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Among the assisted reproductive techniques, the in vitro maturation of oocytes (IVM) is less developed than other techniques, but its implementation would entail a qualitative advance. This technique consists in the extraction of immature oocytes from antral ovarian follicles with the patient under low hormone stimulation or without hormone to mature exogenously in culture media supplemented with different molecules to promote maturation. In this sense, we are interested in the role that cannabinoids could have as IVM promoters because cannabinoid's molecular pathway is similar to the one by which oocyte's meiosis resumption is activated. With the intention of advancing in the possible use of cannabinoids as supplements for the media for in vitro maturation of oocytes, we intend to deepen the study of the function of the phytocannabinoid Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in the IVM process. METHODS: By immunocytochemistry, we detected the location pattern of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) and type 2 (CB2) during oocyte maturation in presence or absence of THC, as well as, the staining pattern of p-AKT and p-ERK. We used a genetic/ pharmacological approach generating knockout oocytes for CB1 and/or CB2 and they were incubated with THC during the oocyte maturation to visualize the physiological effects of THC, observing the rate of blastocyst achieved by oocyte. RESULTS: This study confirms that the incubation of oocytes with THC during IVM accelerated some events of that process like the phosphorylation pattern of ERK and AKT and was able to increase the blastocyst rate in response to IVF. Moreover, it seems that both CB1 and CB2 are necessary to maintain a healthy oocyte maturation. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that THC may be useful IVM supplements in clinic as is more feasible and reliable than any synthetic cannabinoid.


Assuntos
Blastocisto/efeitos dos fármacos , Dronabinol/farmacologia , Oócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Blastocisto/citologia , Blastocisto/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Fertilização In Vitro , Técnicas de Maturação in Vitro de Oócitos , Meiose/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Oócitos/citologia , Oócitos/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/genética , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/metabolismo , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/genética , Receptor CB2 de Canabinoide/metabolismo
5.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(67): 9955-9958, 2019 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364619

RESUMO

A silver nanocluster-based ratiometric fluorescent nanosensor was developed for the determination of ATP in the cerebrospinal fluid of a mouse brain. Using this useful tool with good stability and high selectivity as well as a wide linear detection range, it was found that the ATP concentration in a mouse brain with Alzheimer's disease was 2300-fold higher than that in a normal one.


Assuntos
Trifosfato de Adenosina/líquido cefalorraquidiano , Química Encefálica , DNA/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Doença de Alzheimer/metabolismo , Doença de Alzheimer/patologia , Animais , Encéfalo/citologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Córtex Cerebral/química , Hipocampo/química , Camundongos , Conformação de Ácido Nucleico , Prata/química , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos
6.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(7): 725-730, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413209

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detemine the expression pattern of mTOR complex subunits Raptor and Rictor in the hair follicles of mice at different hair follicle stages, and to explore its significance. 
 Methods: Immunostaining of Ki-67, a proliferative marker, was used to determine the precise hair follicle stages of mouse dorsal skin at different postnatal time points. Real-time PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of Raptor and Rictor in mouse dorsal skin at 43 days after birth (P43, early telogen), 56 days after birth (P56, mid-telogen), 69 days after birth (P69, late telogen) and 74 days after birth (P74, early anagen). The expression intensity and localization of Raptor and Rictor at different stages of hair cycle were tested by co-immumostaining.
 Results: Ki-67 immunostaining showed that the time points (P43, P56, P69, P74) and hair follicle stages (early telogen, mid-telogen, late telogen, early anagen) of the dorsal skin were consistent with each other. The results of real-time PCR and immunostaining were consistent, showing that the expression of Raptor and Rictor did not changed in the early-, mid-, late telogen, and early anagen. However, Raptor was specifically expressed in the bulge where hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) are residing in, and Rictor was mainly detected in inner root sheath (IRS) cells. 
 Conclusion: The expression of Raptor and Rictor does not altered in the hair follicles at different hair follicle stages, but Raptor and Rictor are specifically expressed in the HFSCs and IRS cells, respectively, indicating that Raptor might be a molecular marker for HFSCs, and Rictor might be involved in the maintenance of IRS and formation of hair shaft.


Assuntos
Folículo Piloso , Aves Predatórias , Animais , Cabelo , Camundongos , Proteína Companheira de mTOR Insensível à Rapamicina , Pele , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR
7.
Cancer Res ; 79(15): 3815-3817, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371279

RESUMO

Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is associated with a poor prognosis and resistance to immune checkpoint blockade. Zhang and colleagues demonstrate that inhibiting DNA repair by pharmacologic blockade or siRNA silencing of ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) increases type I IFN release via a cGAS/STING-independent, SRC-dependent mechanism in models of pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, combining ATM inhibition and radiotherapy amplifies type I IFN signaling, increases programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression, tumor CD8+ T cells, and proinflammatory tumor macrophages. Finally, the combination of ATM silencing, radiotherapy, and PD-L1 blockade markedly improves in vivo murine tumor responses, supporting further investigation of this promising approach in pancreatic adenocarcinoma.See related article by Zhang et al., p. 3940.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Camundongos , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Cancer Discov ; 9(8): 1003-1005, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371324

RESUMO

About one third of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) show gain-of-function mutations of CTNNB1 (ß-catenin) that correlate with sparse intratumoral T-cell content, as observed previously in an ample spectrum of malignancies, and there is mounting preliminary evidence that such HCC cases are refractory to treatment with PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors. Elegant hepatocarcinogenesis experiments by in vivo gene transfer to mouse hepatocytes show that coexpression of active forms of ß-catenin result in poor T-cell infiltrates, faster progression in immunocompetent hosts, and unresponsiveness to immunotherapy with checkpoint inhibitors.See related article by Ruiz de Galarreta et al., p. 1124.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Carcinogênese , Camundongos , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1 , beta Catenina
9.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(2): 355-365, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385664

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: NLRP3 inflammasome activation has been reported to be an early mechanism responsible for glomerular inflammation and injury in obese mice. However, the precise mechanism of obesity-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation remains unknown. The present study explored whether adipokine visfatin mediates obesity-induced NLRP3 inflammasome activation and consequent podocyte injury. METHODS: Inflammasome formation and immunofluorescence expressions were quantified by confocal microscopy. Caspase-activity, IL-1ß production and VEGF concentrations were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: Confocal microscopic analysis showed that visfatin treatment increased the colocalization of Nlrp3 with Asc or Nlrp3 with caspase-1 in podocytes indicating the formation of NLRP3 inflammasomes. This visfatin-induced NLRP3 inflammasome formation was abolished by pretreatment of podocytes with Asc siRNA. Correspondingly, visfatin treatment significantly increased the caspase-1 activity and IL-1ß production in podocytes, which was significantly attenuated by Asc siRNA transfection. Further RT-PCR and confocal microscopic analysis demonstrated that visfatin treatment significantly decreased the podocin expression (podocyte damage). Podocytes pretreatment with Asc siRNA or caspase-1 inhibitor, WEHD attenuated this visfatin-induced podocin reduction. Furthermore, Asc siRNA transfection was found to preserve podocyte morphology by maintaining the distinct arrangement of F-actin fibers normally lost in response to visfatin. It also prevented podocyte dysfunction by restoring visfatin-induced suppression of VEGF production and secretion. CONCLUSION: Visfatin induces NLRP3 inflammasome activation in podocytes and thereby resulting in podocyte injury.


Assuntos
Adipocinas/imunologia , Inflamassomos/imunologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/imunologia , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase/imunologia , Podócitos/imunologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Interleucina-1beta/imunologia , Camundongos , Obesidade/imunologia , Obesidade/patologia , Podócitos/citologia , Podócitos/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/imunologia
10.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1094-1103, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418363

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the chemotherapeutic efficency of quercetin sensitized adriamycin. METHOD: CCK-8 was used to detect the inhibitory effect of different doses of adriamycin, quercetin and quercetin combined with adriamycin on the proliferation of primary leukemia cells from patients with clinically refractory acute leukemia. Quercetin, adriamycin and their combination were used to treat non-irradiated T-ALL leukemia mice to observe the changes of survival curve and myocardial injury. RESULT: There was no significant difference in the inhibition rate of primary leukemia cell proliferation between the adriamycin concentration group (6, 0.6 and 0.06 µg/ml) and the adriamycin half-dose (3, 0.3 and 0.03 µg/ml) plus quercetin (0.25 mmol/L) group at three different time points (24, 48 and 72 hours). There was a significant difference in the inhibition rate of primary leukemia cell proliferation among the drug concentration groups, and the inhibition rate of primary leukemia cell proliferation was time-and concentration-dependent (r24h,a\c\e=0.995、r48h,a\c\e=1.000、r72h,a\c\e=0.984、r24h,b\d\f=0.993、r48h,b\d\f=0.999、r72h,b\d\f=0.960). In vivo experiments showed that the survival time of non-irradiated T-ALL leukemia mice treated with low-dose adriamycin combined with quercetin was not significantly prolonged compared with the high-dose adriamycin treatment group. The survival time of non-irradiated T-ALL leukemia mice treated with high dose of adriamycin and quercetin was significantly prolonged (P<0.05). Compared with adriamycin group, the SOD activity in adriamycin combined with quercetin group increased significantly and the MDA content decreased. The results of transcriptome sequencing analysis showed that the expression of Ighv1-84 and Igkv6-14 in adriamycin combined quercetin group and quercetin group was lower than that in adriamycin group. The Ms4a1, Podx1, Mecom, Sh3bgr12, Bex4 and Tdrp expression in adriamycin combined quercetin group and adriamycin group were higher than that in quercetin group, while Crabp1 expression was lower. CONCLUSION: Quercetin can inhibit the proliferation of primary leukemia cells in a time-dependent manner. Quercetin combined with adriamycin inhibit the proliferation of primary leukemia cells significantly, and had synergistic and additive effects on the proliferation of primary leukemia cells, and the inhibiting effect of quercetin combined with adriamycin is concentration-and time-dependent. Quercetin combined with high-dose adriamycin can significantly prolong the survival time of non-irradiated T-ALL leukemia mice and reduce the myocardial damage caused by adriamycin.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Animais , Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Camundongos , Quercetina
11.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1265-1271, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418391

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of bone morphogenetic protein 4(BMP4) on the cell cycle and apoptosis of hemaropoictic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) in conditions of 5-fluorouracil (5-FU)-inducing bone marrow suppression and stress hemogenesis, and its possible mechanism. METHODS: The C57BL transgenic mice with BMP4 overexpression were established and were enrolled in transgenic group (BMP4 group), at the same time the wild type mice matching in age, sex and body weight were selected and were enrolled in control group (WT group). The bone marrow suppression was induced by injection with 5-FU in dose of 150 mg/kg, then the nucleated cells were isolated from bone marrow. After the HSPCs were markered with C-kit/sca-1 fluorescent antibodies, the changes of cell cycle and apoptosis of HSPC were detected by Aunexin V/PI and Ki67/DAPI double staining; the cell cycle-essociated hemotopoietic regulatory factors were detected by RT-qPCR. RESULTS: Under physiologic status, there were no significant differences in cell cycle and apoptotic rate of HSPC between WT group and BMP-4 group. After the bone marrow was suppressed, the ratio of HSPC at G0 phase in BMP4 group significantly decreased(P<0.05); the apoptosis rate of HSPC significantly increased(P<0.05); the mRNA expression levels of hypoxia-inducing factor Hif-1α and chemotactic factor CXCL12 in stroma of BMP4 group were down-regulated significanfly(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Under non-physiologic conditions such as stress hemogenesis or bone marrow suppression, the up-regulation of BMP4 can promote HSPC into cell cycle and apoptosis of HSPC, moreover, the BMP4 may play a regulatory role for cell cycle of HSPC through direct or indirect down-regulation of Hif-1α and CXCL-12 expressions.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Animais , Antineoplásicos , Apoptose , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 4 , Ciclo Celular , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
12.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1272-1276, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418392

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the method of isolation, purification and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) into dendritic cells (DC) in lung tissue of mouse, so as to provide theoretical basis and experimental methods for the study of hematopoietic stem cells in mouse lung tissue. METHODS: Lung tissues of 4 male C57 mice were digested, separated and purified into mononuclear cells by type I collagenase, type I DNA enzyme and lymphocyte isolation solution. Lin-Sca-1+c-Kit+ cells, which are hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) were identified and sorted by flow cytometry. Stem cell factor (SCF) and interleukin 3 (IL-3) were added in the obtained HSCs to promote cell proliferation. After discontinuation of SCF and IL-3, granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and IL-4 were added to induce differentiation of HSCs into DCs, and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was added to promote cell maturation. The morphology of DCs was observed under inverted microscope, the expression of CD80, CD86, CD11c and MII-II on the surface of DCs was analyzed by flow cytometry, and the expression level of IL-12 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). RESULTS: 2419.67±247.59 HSCs were collected from lung tissue mononuclear cells of 4 mice identified by flow cytometry with purity: (7.16±0.43)%. HSCs were amplified 62.34±3.23 times by induction with SCF and IL-3 for 7 days. After induction culture for 15 days, mature dendritic cells were obtained with typical dendrites on the cell surface, the DC expressed dendritic cell-specific surface molecules CDllc (92.62±3.68)%,MHC-II (83.89±6.28)%, CD80 (75.96±5.13)%, CD86(72.07±4.38)%, and the expression level of IL-12 was 136.12±16.59 pg/ml detected by ELISA. CONCLUSION: There are HSCs in lung tissue, which can be transformed into DCs by cytokine induction and proliferation.


Assuntos
Células Dendríticas , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Células Cultivadas , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos e Macrófagos , Masculino , Camundongos
13.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 27(4): 1348-1352, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418406

RESUMO

Abstract  Tumor xenograft model (PDTX) derived from leukemia patients is an animal model in which the leukemia cells or primary cell lines of patients are transplanted directly into immunodeficient mice.The emergence of nude mice and SCID mice opened early xenotransplantation, then the NSG, NOG mice and the improved model and humanized mice based on there mice significantly improves the success rate of transplantation. The late presented transplantation of leukemia LSC and transplantation of patient-derived and induced pluripotent stem cells obtained based on iPSC technology provide new insight for the anderstanding leukemia genesis and development, and the new type humanized mouse model with normal lymphatic hematopoietic reconstruction provides a new platform of leukemia cell therapy and immunotherapy for leukemia therapy. PDTX is an important platform for the study of the pathogenesis and drug resistance mechanism of leukemia, as well as the development of new drugs and individualized treatment. In this paper, the recent progress in the construction and application of models of immunodeficient mice and their models is reviewed.


Assuntos
Leucemia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Humanos , Camundongos , Transplante Heterólogo
14.
Cell Host Microbe ; 26(2): 154-155, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415745

RESUMO

In this issue of Cell Host & Microbe, Courtney et al. (2019a) find that HIV-1 genomic RNA has much more m5C than cellular mRNA. Deleting the m5C "writer" NSUN2 decreases HIV-1 m5C levels, promotes translation of the HIV-1 5' gag gene, and alters splicing at the A2 site.


Assuntos
HIV-1/genética , RNA Viral , Animais , Vírus da Leucemia Murina , Metilação , Camundongos , Processamento de RNA
15.
Science ; 365(6452): 442-443, 2019 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371597
16.
Science ; 365(6452): 444-445, 2019 08 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371599
17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 156(2): 193-202, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the effects on the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) and subchondral bone are transient of botulinum neurotoxin (Botox) injection into the masseter muscle. METHODS: Botox (0.3 U) was injected into the right masseter of 6-week-old female mice (C57BL/6; n = 16). In addition, 16 mice were used as control and received no injections. Experimental and matching control mice were killed 4 or 8 weeks after the single Botox injection. Mandibles and mandibular condyles were analyzed by means of microscopic computed tomography (microCT) and histology. Sagittal sections of condyles were stained for tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), toluidine blue, 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU), and terminal deoxynucleotide transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling. RESULTS: Bone volume fraction was significantly decreased on the subchondral bone of the Botox-injected side, compared with the control side and control mice, 4 and 8 weeks after injection. Furthermore, histologic analysis revealed decrease in mineralization, cartilage thickness, TRAP activity, and EdU-positive cells in the MCC of the Botox-injected side 4 and 8 weeks after injection. CONCLUSIONS: The effects on the MCC and subchondral bone of Botox injection into the masseter muscle persisted for 8 weeks after injection and were not considered to be transient.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/farmacologia , Côndilo Mandibular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Masseter/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Injeções , Masculino , Mandíbula , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Côndilo Mandibular/patologia , Músculo Masseter/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculo Masseter/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Modelos Animais , Articulação Temporomandibular
18.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 40, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387647

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are currently a number of barriers hindering the successful treatment of breast cancer, including the metastatic spread of cancer cells. In looking for new anticancer agents, we reported two novel hydrazide derivatives with anti-cancer activity in human breast cancer cells. The current study aims to explore the therapeutic potential of the most effective one, N'-((5-nitrothiophen-2-yl)methylene)-2-(phenylthio)benzohydrazide (compound B), on metastatic breast cancer, which is resistant to available chemotherapeutics. METHODS: 4T1 mammary carcinoma cells were inoculated into the fat pad mammary of 5-7-week-old female BALB/c mice and then the effective compound was intraperitoneally administered for 4 weeks. Proliferation index and angiogenesis in tumor and lung tissues were examined with immunohistochemistry. In vitro assessments were also carried out to evaluate the effect of the compound on invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated that this effective derivative significantly inhibited invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells in vitro as shown by Matrigel assay and quantitative real-time method for MMP-9 expression after 48 h of treatment. Daily administration of the compound suppressed the growth of primary tumor and its metastasis to lung, which was confirmed by H&E experiment at a dose of 1 mg/kg in a well-known metastatic model of 4T1 breast cancer in syngeneic BALB/c mice. These outcomes were supported by the immunohistochemical examinations of the tumor and lung tissues of mice. Tumors and lungs in mice treated with the effective compound showed a reduced proliferation index and a smaller microvessel density compared to the control. CONCLUSION: This study highlights an anti-metastatic role for a novel hydrazide derivative in both in vitro and in vivo models of breast cancer.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C
19.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190062, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389521

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Formation of schistosomal granulomata surrounding the ova can result in schistosomiasis-associated liver fibrosis (SSLF). The current standard of treatment is praziquantel (PZQ), which cannot effectively reverse SSLF. The role of the cannabinoid (CB) receptor family in liver fibrosis has recently been highlighted. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the therapeutic effect of CB1 receptor antagonism in reversing SSLF in a murine model of Schistosoma mansoni infection. METHODS: One hundred male Swiss albino mice were divided equally into five groups: healthy uninfected control (group I), infected control (group II), PZQ treated (group III), rimonabant (RIM) (SR141716, a CB1 receptor antagonist)-treated (group IV) and group V was treated with combined PZQ and RIM. Liver sections were obtained for histopathological examination, alpha-1 smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) immunostaining and assessment of CB1 receptor expression using real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). FINDINGS: The most effective reduction in fibrotic marker levels and granuloma load was achieved by combined treatment with PZQ+RIM (group V): CB1 receptor expression (H = 26.612, p < 0.001), number of α-SMA-positive cells (F = 57.086, p < 0.001), % hepatic portal fibrosis (F = 42.849, p < 0.001) and number of granulomata (F = 69.088, p < 0.001). MAIN CONCLUSIONS: Combining PZQ with CB1 receptor antagonists yielded the best results in reversing SSLF. To our knowledge, this is the first study to test this regimen in S. mansoni infection.


Assuntos
Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Cirrose Hepática/parasitologia , Receptor CB1 de Canabinoide/antagonistas & inibidores , Rimonabanto/farmacologia , Esquistossomose/tratamento farmacológico , Actinas/análise , Animais , Anti-Helmínticos/farmacologia , Antagonistas de Receptores de Canabinoides/farmacologia , Quimioterapia Combinada , Granuloma/parasitologia , Granuloma/patologia , Imuno-Histoquímica , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Miofibroblastos/parasitologia , Miofibroblastos/patologia , Praziquantel/farmacologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Esquistossomose/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Acta Cir Bras ; 34(6): e201900602, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432993

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role and related mechanisms of miR-106a in sepsis-induced AKI. METHODS: Serum from sepsis and healthy patients was collected, sepsis mouse model was established by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP). TCMK-1 cells were treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and transfected with THBS2-small interfering RNA (siTHBS2), miR-106a inhibitor, miR-106a mimics and their negative controls (NCs). The expression of miR-106a, thrombospondin 2 (THBS2), Bax, cleaved caspase-3 and Bcl-2, cell viability, relative caspase-3 activity and TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6 content were respectively detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), western blotting, Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The relationship between miR-106a and THBS2 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. RESULTS: MiR-106a was up-regulated in serum of sepsis patients, CLP-induced mice models and LPS-induced TCMK-1 cells. LPS reduced cell viability and Bcl-2 expression, and increased caspase-3 activity, Bax expression, the content of TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6. THBS2 was a target of miR-106a. The decreases of caspase-3 activity, TNF-α, IL-1ß, IL-6, Bax expression and the increases of cell viability, Bcl-2 expression caused by miR-106a knockdown were reversed when THBS2 silencing in LPS-stimulated TCMK-1 cells. CONCLUSION: MiR-106a aggravated LPS-induced inflammation and apoptosis of TCMK-1 cells via regulating THBS2 expression.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Rim/citologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Sepse/patologia , Trombospondinas/farmacologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Células Cultivadas , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Sepse/metabolismo , Transfecção
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