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1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8013, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580754

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) seriously threatens human health, mostly developed from liver fibrosis or cirrhosis. Since diethylnitrosamine (DEN) and carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced HCC mouse model almost recapitulates the characteristic of HCC with fibrosis and inflammation, it is taken as an essential tool to investigate the pathogenesis of HCC. However, a comprehensive understanding of the protein expression profile of this model is little. In this study, we performed proteomic analysis of this model to elucidate its proteomic characteristics. Compared with normal liver tissues, 432 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in tumor tissues, among which 365 were up-regulated and 67 were down-regulated. Through Gene Ontology (GO) analysis, Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA), protein-protein interaction networks (PPI) analysis and Gene-set enrichment analysis (GSEA) analysis of DEPs, we identified two distinguishing features of DEN and CCl4-induced HCC mouse model in protein expression, the upregulation of actin cytoskeleton and branched-chain amino acids metabolic reprogramming. In addition, matching DEPs from the mouse model to homologous proteins in the human HCC cohort revealed that the DEN and CCl4-induced HCC mouse model was relatively similar to the subtype of HCC with poor prognosis. Finally, combining clinical information from the HCC cohort, we screened seven proteins with prognostic significance, SMAD2, PTPN1, PCNA, MTHFD1L, MBOAT7, FABP5, and AGRN. Overall, we provided proteomic data of the DEN and CCl4-induced HCC mouse model and highlighted the important proteins and pathways in it, contributing to the rational application of this model in HCC research.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Camundongos , Animais , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/induzido quimicamente , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteômica , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/metabolismo , Dietilnitrosamina/efeitos adversos , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo
2.
Cell Mol Life Sci ; 81(1): 167, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581570

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a malignant tumor with high incidence and mortality rates. NFKBIZ, a member of the nuclear factor kappa B inhibitory family, is closely related to tumor progression. However, the precise role of NFKBIZ in HCC remains unclear. To explore this, we conducted a series of experiments from clinic to cells. Western blot and qPCR revealed a significant downregulation of NFKBIZ in human HCC tissues. Clinical character analysis showed that the patients with lower NFKBIZ expression had poorer prognosis and higher clinical stage. By using CCK-8, wound healing, transwell invasion and migration assay, we discovered that NFKBIZ expression was reversely associated with the proliferation, invasion, and migration ability of HCC cells in vitro. Additionally, the results obtained from xenograft assay and lung metastasis models showed that NFKBIZ overexpression inhibited the growth and metastasis of HCC cells in vivo. Western blot and immunofluorescence assay further revealed that NFKBIZ mediated HCC cell growth and migration by regulating NFκB signaling transduction. Finally, flow cytometry, protein degradation assay and Co-immunoprecipitation indicated that TRIM16 can enhance NFKBIZ ubiquitination by direct interactions at its K48 site, which may thereby alleviate HCC cell apoptosis to induce the insensitivity to sorafenib. In conclusion, our study demonstrated that NFKBIZ regulated HCC tumorigenesis and metastasis by mediating NFκB signal transduction and TRIM16/NFKBIZ/NFκB axis may be the underlying mechanism of sorafenib insensitivity in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Transdução de Sinais , Carcinogênese/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/genética , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo
3.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 74, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582885

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sorafenib is a major nonsurgical option for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC); however, its clinical efficacy is largely undermined by the acquisition of resistance. The aim of this study was to identify the key lncRNA involved in the regulation of the sorafenib response in HCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) single-guide RNA (sgRNA) synergistic activation mediator (SAM)-pooled lncRNA library was applied to screen for the key lncRNA regulated by sorafenib treatment. The role of the identified lncRNA in mediating the sorafenib response in HCC was examined in vitro and in vivo. The underlying mechanism was delineated by proteomic analysis. The clinical significance of the expression of the identified lncRNA was evaluated by multiplex immunostaining on a human HCC microtissue array. RESULTS: CRISPR/Cas9 lncRNA library screening revealed that Linc01056 was among the most downregulated lncRNAs in sorafenib-resistant HCC cells. Knockdown of Linc01056 reduced the sensitivity of HCC cells to sorafenib, suppressing apoptosis in vitro and promoting tumour growth in mice in vivo. Proteomic analysis revealed that Linc01056 knockdown in sorafenib-treated HCC cells induced genes related to fatty acid oxidation (FAO) while repressing glycolysis-associated genes, leading to a metabolic switch favouring higher intracellular energy production. FAO inhibition in HCC cells with Linc01056 knockdown significantly restored sensitivity to sorafenib. Mechanistically, we determined that PPARα is the critical molecule governing the metabolic switch upon Linc01056 knockdown in HCC cells and indeed, PPARα inhibition restored the sorafenib response in HCC cells in vitro and HCC tumours in vivo. Clinically, Linc01056 expression predicted optimal overall and progression-free survival outcomes in HCC patients and predicted a better sorafenib response. Linc01056 expression indicated a low FAO level in HCC. CONCLUSION: Our study identified Linc01056 as a critical epigenetic regulator and potential therapeutic target in the regulation of the sorafenib response in HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , RNA Guia de Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , PPAR alfa/genética , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , PPAR alfa/uso terapêutico , Proteômica , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(9): 994-998, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577187

RESUMO

In this editorial, we comment on the article by Lyu et al published in the recent issue of the World Journal of Gastroenterology (2023; 2219-2840). Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a frequently encountered and highly aggressive primary liver cancer, which remains the third-commonest cause of cancer-related death despite the current therapeutic modalities. There is urgency in developing novel therapeutic approaches, such as by manipulating extracellular vesicles, which constitute a highly heterogeneous nanoparticle population that contains various cargoes. These cargoes have a pivotal role in cell-to-cell communication and can modify the functional level of the recipient cells via their uptake by other recipient cells. Exosomal non-coding RNAs have particular evolving significance in HCC, such as circular RNAs, which have been found differentially expressed in normal hepatic and HCC tissues. The aberrations in their expression levels have a key role in the HCC development and progression and the overall prognosis. In this editorial, we will shed light on the emerging role of exosomal circular RNAs in HCC development and progression, focusing on the oncogenic or potentially tumor suppressive effect of mesenchymal stem cells-derived exosomal non-coding RNAs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Exossomos , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Circular/genética , RNA Circular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
5.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1373321, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38596684

RESUMO

Introduction: Sorafenib is currently the first-line treatment for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Nevertheless, sorafenib resistance remains a huge challenge in the clinic. Therefore, it is urgent to elucidate the mechanisms underlying sorafenib resistance for developing novel treatment strategies for advanced HCC. In this study, we aimed to investigate the role and mechanisms of interleukin-22 (IL-22) in sorafenib resistance in HCC. Methods: The in vitro experiments using HCC cell lines and in vivo studies with a nude mouse model were used. Calcium staining, chromatin immunoprecipitation, lactate dehydrogenase release and luciferase reporter assays were employed to explore the expression and roles of IL-22, STAT3 and CD155 in sorafenib resistance. Results: Our clinical results demonstrated a significant correlation between elevated IL-22 expression and poor prognosis in HCC. Analysis of transcriptomic data from the phase-3 STORM-trial (BIOSTORM) suggested that STAT3 signaling activation and natural killer (NK) cell infiltration may associate sorafenib responses. STAT3 signaling could be activated by IL-22 administration in HCC cells, and then enhanced sorafenib resistance in HCC cells by promoting cell proliferation and reducing apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. Further, we found IL-22/STAT3 axis can transcriptionally upregulate CD155 expression in HCC cells, which could significantly reduce NK cell-mediated HCC cell lysis in a co-culture system. Conclusions: Collectively, IL-22 could contribute to sorafenib resistance in HCC by activating STAT3/CD155 signaling axis to decrease the sensitivities of tumor cells to sorafenib-mediated direct cytotoxicity and NK cell-mediated lysis. These findings deepen the understanding of how sorafenib resistance develops in HCC in terms of IL-22/STAT3 signaling pathway, and provide potential targets to overcome sorafenib resistance in patients with advanced HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Sorafenibe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , 60552 , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/metabolismo
6.
Funct Integr Genomics ; 24(2): 75, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38600341

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality globally. Many herbal medicines and their bioactive compounds have shown anti-tumor properties. This study was conducted to examine the effect of psilostachyin C (PSC), a sesquiterpenoid lactone isolated from Artemisia vulgaris L., in the malignant properties of HCC cells. CCK-8, flow cytometry, wound healing, and Transwell assays revealed that 25 µM PSC treatment significantly suppressed proliferation, cell cycle progression, migration, and invasion of two HCC cell lines (Hep 3B and Huh7) while promoting cell apoptosis. Bioinformatics prediction suggests CREB binding protein (CREBBP) as a promising target of PSC. CREBBP activated transcription of GATA zinc finger domain containing 2B (GATAD2B) by binding to its promoter. CREBBP and GATAD2B were highly expressed in clinical HCC tissues and the acquired HCC cell lines, but their expression was reduced by PSC. Either upregulation of CREBBP or GATAD2B restored the malignant properties of HCC cells blocked by PSC. Collectively, this evidence demonstrates that PSC pocessess anti-tumor functions in HCC cells by blocking CREBBP-mediated transcription of GATAD2B.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Pironas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/genética , Proteína de Ligação a CREB/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
7.
Oncol Res ; 32(4): 679-690, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560575

RESUMO

Liver cancer is a prevalent malignant cancer, ranking third in terms of mortality rate. Metastasis and recurrence primarily contribute to the high mortality rate of liver cancer. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has low expression of focal adhesion kinase (FAK), which increases the risk of metastasis and recurrence. Nevertheless, the efficacy of FAK phosphorylation inhibitors is currently limited. Thus, investigating the mechanisms by which FAK affects HCC metastasis to develop targeted therapies for FAK may present a novel strategy to inhibit HCC metastasis. This study examined the correlation between FAK expression and the prognosis of HCC. Additionally, we explored the impact of FAK degradation on HCC metastasis through wound healing experiments, transwell invasion experiments, and a xenograft tumor model. The expression of proteins related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) was measured to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. The results showed that FAK PROTAC can degrade FAK, inhibit the migration and invasion of HCC cells in vitro, and notably decrease the lung metastasis of HCC in vivo. Increased expression of E-cadherin and decreased expression of vimentin indicated that EMT was inhibited. Consequently, degradation of FAK through FAK PROTAC effectively suppressed liver cancer metastasis, holding significant clinical implications for treating liver cancer and developing innovative anti-neoplastic drugs.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteína-Tirosina Quinases de Adesão Focal/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Prognóstico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Movimento Celular , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica
8.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 200, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561745

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) ranks as the third most common cause of cancer related death globally, representing a substantial challenge to global healthcare systems. In China, the primary risk factor for HCC is the hepatitis B virus (HBV). Aberrant serum glycoconjugate levels have long been linked to the progression of HBV-associated HCC (HBV-HCC). Nevertheless, few study systematically explored the dysregulation of glycoconjugates in the progression of HBV-associated HCC and their potency as the diagnostic and prognostic biomarker. METHODS: An integrated strategy that combined transcriptomics, glycomics, and glycoproteomics was employed to comprehensively investigate the dynamic alterations in glyco-genes, N-glycans, and glycoproteins in the progression of HBV- HCC. RESULTS: Bioinformatic analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) datasets uncovered dysregulation of fucosyltransferases (FUTs) in liver tissues from HCC patients compared to adjacent tissues. Glycomic analysis indicated an elevated level of fucosylated N-glycans, especially a progressive increase in fucosylation levels on IgA1 and IgG2 determined by glycoproteomic analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the abnormal fucosylation plays a pivotal role in the progression of HBV-HCC. Systematic and integrative multi-omic analysis is anticipated to facilitate the discovery of aberrant glycoconjugates in tumor progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Vírus da Hepatite B/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Glicômica , Glicoproteínas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Polissacarídeos
9.
Hepatol Commun ; 8(4)2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sorafenib is the first-line therapy for patients with advanced-stage HCC, but its clinical cure rate is unsatisfactory due to adverse reactions and drug resistance. Novel alternative strategies to overcome sorafenib resistance are urgently needed. Oxyberberine (OBB), a major metabolite of berberine in vivo, exhibits potential antitumor potency in various human malignancies, including liver cancer. However, it remains unknown whether and how OBB sensitizes liver cancer cells to sorafenib. METHODS: Cell viability, trypan blue staining and flow cytometry assays were employed to determine the synergistic effect of OBB and sorafenib on killing HCC cells. PCR, western blot, co-immunoprecipitation and RNA interference assays were used to decipher the mechanism by which OBB sensitizes sorafenib. HCC xenograft models and clinical HCC samples were utilized to consolidate our findings. RESULTS: We found for the first time that OBB sensitized liver cancer cells to sorafenib, enhancing its inhibitory effect on cell growth and induction of apoptosis in vitro. Interestingly, we observed that OBB enhanced the sensitivity of HCC cells to sorafenib by reducing ubiquitin-specific peptidase 7 (USP7) expression, a well-known tumor-promoting gene. Mechanistically, OBB inhibited notch homolog 1-mediated USP7 transcription, leading to the downregulation of V-Myc avian myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (c-Myc), which synergized with sorafenib to suppress liver cancer. Furthermore, animal results showed that cotreatment with OBB and sorafenib significantly inhibited the tumor growth of liver cancer xenografts in mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that OBB enhances the sensitivity of liver cancer cells to sorafenib through inhibiting notch homolog 1-USP7-c-Myc signaling pathway, which potentially provides a novel therapeutic strategy for liver cancer to improve the effectiveness of sorafenib.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Sorafenibe/farmacologia , Peptidase 7 Específica de Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Receptor Notch1/uso terapêutico
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 20(5): 1744-1762, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481809

RESUMO

Glycolysis exerts a key role in the metabolic reprogramming of cancer. Specific long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been identified to exhibit oncogenic glycolysis regulation. Nevertheless, the precise mechanisms by which glycolysis-related lncRNAs control hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still unknown. We profiled and analyzed glycolysis-associated lncRNA signatures using HCC specimens from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset. Considerable upregulation of the glycolysis-related lncRNA SLC2A1-DT was noted in HCC tissues; this upregulation was strongly linked with advanced tumor stage and poor prognosis. Cell culture and animal-related studies indicated that knockdown or overexpression of SLC2A1-DT obviously restrained or promoted glycolysis, propagation, and metastasis in HCC cells. Mechanistically, SLC2A1-DT enhanced the interaction of protein between ß-catenin and YWHAZ, suppressing the binding between ß-catenin and ß-TrCP, an E3 ubiquitin ligase. Thereby, SLC2A1-DT impeded the ß-TrCP-dependent ubiquitination and ß-catenin degradation. The upregulated ß-catenin activated the transcription of c-Myc, which then increased the transcription of glycolytic genes including SLC2A1, LDHA, and HK2. Additionally, we revealed that c-Myc transcriptionally induced the expression of methyltransferase 3 (METTL3), which increased N6-methyladenosine (m6A) modification and stability of SLC2A1-DT in a YTHDF1 dependent manner. Collectively, we show that the lncRNA SLC2A1-DT promotes glycolysis and HCC tumorigenesis by a m6A modification-mediated positive feedback mechanism with glycolytic regulator c-Myc and suggested as an innovative treatment option and indicator for HCC.


Assuntos
Adenina/análogos & derivados , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , beta Catenina/genética , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Retroalimentação , Proteínas Contendo Repetições de beta-Transducina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Carcinogênese/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Glicólise/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética
11.
Crit Rev Immunol ; 44(4): 23-39, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505919

RESUMO

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2)gene has a prognostic role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study aimed to identify the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) let-7c-5p by targeting EZH2 in HCC. We downloaded gene and miRNA RNA-seq data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Differences in EZH2 expression between different groups were analyzed and the association of EZH2 expression with HCC prognosis was detected using Cox regression analysis. The miRNA-EZH2-pathway network was constructed. Dual-luciferase reporter assay was performed to detect the hsa-let-7c-5p-EZH2. Cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis were detected by CCK-8, Wound healing, Transwell, and Flow cytometry, respectively. RT-qPCR and Western blot were used to detect the expression of let-7c-5p and EZH2. EZH2 was upregulated in HCC tumors (P < 0.0001). Cox regression analysis showed that TCGA HCC patients with high EZH2 expression levels showed a short survival time [hazard ratio (HR) = 1.677, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.316-2.137; P < 0.0001]. Seven miRNAs were negatively correlated with EZH2 expression and were significantly downregulated in HCC tumor samples (P < 0.0001), in which hsa-let-7c-5p was associated with prognosis in HCC (HR = 0.849 95% CI 0.739-0.975; P = 0.021). We identified 14 immune cells that showed significant differences in EZH2 high- and low-expression groups. Additionally, let-7c-5p inhibited HCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion and reversed the promoted effects of EZH2 on HCC cell malignant characteristics. hsa-let-7c-5p-EZH2 significantly suppressed HCC malignant characteristics, which can be used for HCC prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
12.
J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol ; 43(2): 57-76, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505913

RESUMO

Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) belongs to the albuminoid protein family and is considered as the fetal analog of serum albumin. This plasma protein is initially synthesized in the fetal liver and yolk sac and shows a maximum peak near the end of the first trimester. Later, concentrations begin to decline prenatally and drop precipitously after birth. This protein has three key ligand-binding pockets for interactions with various biomolecules. It contains multiple phosphorylation and acetylation sites for the regulation of physiological and pathophysiological states. High serum AFP titer is an established biomarker for yolk sac, embryonal and hepatocellular carcinoma. The present review critically analyzes the chemical nature, receptors, clinical implications, and therapeutic aspects of AFP, underpinning the development of different types of cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Saco Vitelino/metabolismo , Feto/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6348, 2024 03 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38491051

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression is associated with dysfunctional mitochondria and bioenergetics impairment. However, no data about the relationship between mitochondrial supercomplexes (hmwSC) formation and ATP production rates in HCC are available. Our group has developed an adenosine derivative, IFC-305, which improves mitochondrial function, and it has been proposed as a therapeutic candidate for HCC. We aimed to determine the role of IFC-305 on both mitochondrial structure and bioenergetics in a sequential cirrhosis-HCC model in rats. Our results showed that IFC-305 administration decreased the number and size of liver tumors, reduced the expression of tumoral markers, and reestablished the typical architecture of the hepatic parenchyma. The livers of treated rats showed a reduction of mitochondria number, recovery of the mtDNA/nDNA ratio, and mitochondrial length. Also, IFC-305 increased cardiolipin and phosphatidylcholine levels and promoted hmwSC reorganization with changes in the expression levels of hmwSC assembly-related genes. IFC-305 in HCC modified the expression of several genes encoding elements of electron transport chain complexes and increased the ATP levels by recovering the complex I, III, and V activity. We propose that IFC-305 restores the mitochondrial bioenergetics in HCC by normalizing the quantity, morphology, and function of mitochondria, possibly as part of its hepatic restorative effect.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Ratos , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/induzido quimicamente , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Dietilnitrosamina/toxicidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Adenosina/metabolismo , Metabolismo Energético , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo
14.
Commun Biol ; 7(1): 342, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503825

RESUMO

DNA damage repair (DDR) genes are known to be closely associated with the progression of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Here we report a unique cluster of "deletion-up" genes in HCC, which are accordantly overexpressed in HCC patients and predict the unfavorable prognosis. Binding motif analysis and further validation with ChIP-qPCR unveil that the AP-2α directly modulate the transcription of critical DNA repair genes including TOP2A, NUDT1, POLD1, and PARP1, which facilitates the sanitation of oxidized DNA lesions. Structural analysis and the following validation identify LEI110 as a potent AP-2α inhibitor. Together, we demonstrate that LEI110 stabilizes AP-2α and sensitizes HCC cells toward DNA-damaging reagents. Altogether, we identify AP-2α as a crucial transcription modulator in HCC and propose small-molecule inhibitors targeting AP-2α are a promising novel class of anticancer agents. Our study provides insights into the concept of macroscopic inhibition of DNA damage repair-related genes in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Dano ao DNA
15.
Biosci Rep ; 44(3)2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alterations to DNA methylation have been identified in both hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tumor and circulating DNA from affected individuals. These markers have potential utility in HCC screening. Adherence to HCC screening is poor and acceptable HCC screening tests are needed. METHODS: A feasibility study was performed on a subset of case patients and control subjects from a prior study of risk factors for HCC. Case patients (n=12) included adults aged 47-85 years with a first diagnosis of HCC between 2011 and 2016 and without viral hepatitis. Control subjects (n=12) were matched on age, sex, and state of residence. Participants provided saliva samples for DNA genotyping. Log fold change in salivary DNA methylation at 1359 CpG sites representing 25 candidate genes previously associated with HCC was compared across case patients and control subjects. RESULTS: The quantity of DNA ranged from 9.65 to 257.79 µg. The purity of DNA isolates was good, with mean OD260/280 ratio of 1.78 (SD: 0.14). Of 25 candidate genes, 16 had at ≥1 CpG site with detectable differences in methylation across HCC case patients and control subjects. Sites differentially methylated in HCC case patients included genes encoding tumor suppressors (PRDM2, RUNX3, p15/16, and RASSF1/5), regulators of cell cycle progression (DAPK1 and TP73), and DNA repair (MGMT and GSTP1). No associations met the significance threshold 3.7 × 10-5 required for multiple comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Salivary DNA may be a feasible alternative to blood samples in the era of novel DNA-based screening tests for HCC. The ease of saliva-based testing supports further investigation of its potential.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Adulto , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , DNA/metabolismo
16.
Chem Biol Interact ; 392: 110926, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431053

RESUMO

Metabolic reprogramming enables cancer cells to generate energy mainly through aerobic glycolysis, which is achieved by increasing the expression levels of glycolysis-related enzymes. Therefore, the development of drugs targeting aerobic glycolysis could be an effective strategy for cancer treatment. Icaritin (ICT) is an active ingredient from the Chinese herbal plant Epimedium with several biological activities, but its anti-cancer mechanism remains inconclusive. Using normal hepatocytes and hepatoma cells, our results showed that ICT suppressed cell proliferation and clonal formation and decreased glucose consumption and lactate production in liver cancer cells. In consistent, the mRNA and protein levels of several aerobic glycolysis-related genes were decreased upon ICT treatment. Furthermore, our results demonstrated that the expression levels of the aerobic glycolysis-related proteins were correlated with the p53 status in hepatoma cells. Using PFT-α or siRNA-p53, our results confirmed that ICT regulated aerobic glycolysis in a p53-dependent manner. In addition, ICT was found to stabilize p53 at the post-translational level which might be mediated by inhibiting MDM2 expression and affecting its interaction with p53. Finally, our results demonstrated that ICT increased the levels of ROS that activated p53 via the p38 MAPK pathway. In conclusion, ICT increased intracellular ROS levels in liver cancer cells, which promoted the stabilization and activation of p53, inhibiting the expression of aerobic glycolysis-related genes and glycolysis, and ultimately leading to the suppression of liver cancer development.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Flavonoides , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Glicólise , Proliferação de Células , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
17.
Nanoscale ; 16(13): 6603-6617, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470366

RESUMO

The TRAIL (Tumour Necrosis Factor-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand) is a promising candidate for cancer treatment due to its unique ability to selectively induce programmed cell death, or apoptosis, in cancer cells while sparing healthy ones. This selectivity arises from the preferential binding of the TRAIL to death receptors on cancer cells, triggering a cascade of events that lead to their demise. However, significant limitations in using the TRAIL for cancer treatment are the administration of the TRAIL protein that can potentially lead to tissue toxicity (off-target) and the short half-life of the TRAIL in the body which may necessitate frequent and sustained administration; these can pose logistical challenges for long-term treatment regimens. We have devised a novel approach for surmounting these limitations by introducing the TRAIL gene directly into cancer cells, enabling them to produce the TRAIL locally and subsequently trigger apoptosis. A novel gene delivery system such as a bacteriophage-based particle TPA (transmorphic phage/AAV) was utilized to address these limitations. TPA is a hybrid M13 filamentous bacteriophage particle encapsulating a therapeutic gene cassette with inverted terminal repeats (ITRs) from adeno-associated viruses (AAVs). The particle also showed a tumour targeting ligand, CDCRGDCFC (RGD4C), on its capsid (RGD4C.TPA) to target the particle to cancer cells. RGD4C selectively binds to αvß3 and αvß5 integrins overexpressed on the surface of most of the cancer cells but is barely present on normal cells. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was chosen as a model because it has one of the lowest survival rates among cancers. We demonstrated that human HCC cell lines (Huh-7 and HepG2) express αvß5 integrin receptors on their surface. These HCC cells also express death receptors and TRAIL-binding receptors. We showed that the targeted TPA particle carrying the transmembrane TRAIL gene (RGD4C.TPA-tmTRAIL) selectively and efficiently delivered the tmTRAIL gene to HCC cells resulting in the production of tmTRAIL from transduced cells and subsequently induced apoptotic death of HCC cells. This tumour-targeted particle can be an excellent candidate for the targeted gene therapy of HCC.


Assuntos
Bacteriófagos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Apoptose , Bacteriófagos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/terapia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ligantes , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores do Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/genética , Ligante Indutor de Apoptose Relacionado a TNF/metabolismo , Terapia Genética/métodos
18.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111812, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38493698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lipocalin 13 (LCN13) is a member of the lipocalin family that consists of numerous secretory proteins. LCN13 high-expression has been reported to possess anti-obesity and anti-diabetic effects. Although metabolic dysfunction-associated steatotic liver diseases (MASLD) including metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH) are frequently associated with obesity and insulin resistance, the functional role of endogenous LCN13 and the therapeutic effect of LCN13 in MASH and related metabolic deterioration have not been evaluated. METHODS: We employed a methionine-choline deficient diet model and MASH cell models to investigate the role of LCN13 in MASH development. We sought to explore the effects of LCN13 on lipid metabolism and inflammation in hepatocytes under PA/OA exposure using Western blotting, real-time RT-PCR, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, hematoxylin and eosin staining, oil red O staining. Using RNA sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation assay, and luciferase reporter assays to elucidate whether farnesoid X receptor (FXR) regulates human LCN13 transcription as a transcription factor. RESULTS: Our study found that LCN13 was down-regulated in MASH patients, MASH mouse and cell models. LCN13 overexpression in hepatocyte cells significantly inhibited lipid accumulation and inflammation in vitro. Conversely, LCN13 downregulation significantly exacerbated lipid accumulation and inflammatory responses in vivo and in vitro. Mechanistically, we provided the first evidence that LCN13 was transcriptionally activated by FXR, representing a novel direct target gene of FXR. And the key promoter region of LCN13 binds to FXR was also elucidated. We further revealed that LCN13 overexpression via FXR activation ameliorates hepatocellular lipid accumulation and inflammation in vivo and in vitro. Furthermore, LCN13-down-regulated mice exhibited aggravated MASH phenotypes, including increased hepatic lipid accumulation and inflammation. CONCLUSION: Our findings provide new insight regarding the protective role of LCN13 in MASH development and suggest an innovative therapeutic strategy for treating MASH or related metabolic disorders.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Fígado Gorduroso , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Lipocalinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fígado , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Lipídeos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
19.
Exp Cell Res ; 437(1): 114008, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499143

RESUMO

Hepatocytes are responsible for maintaining a stable blood glucose concentration during periods of nutrient scarcity. The breakdown of glycogen and de novo synthesis of glucose are crucial metabolic pathways deeply interlinked with lipid metabolism. Alterations in these pathways are often associated with metabolic diseases with serious clinical implications. Studying energy metabolism in human cells is challenging. Primary hepatocytes are still considered the golden standard for in vitro studies and have been instrumental in elucidating key aspects of energy metabolism found in vivo. As a result of several limitations posed by using primary cells, a multitude of alternative hepatocyte cellular models emerged as potential substitutes. Yet, there remains a lack of clarity regarding the precise applications for which these models accurately reflect the metabolic competence of primary hepatocytes. In this study, we compared primary hepatocytes, stem cell-derived hepatocytes, adult donor-derived liver organoids, immortalized Upcyte-hepatocytes and the hepatoma cell line HepG2s in their response to a glucose production challenge. We observed the highest net glucose production in primary hepatocytes, followed by organoids, stem-cell derived hepatocytes, Upcyte-hepatocytes and HepG2s. Glucogenic gene induction was observed in all tested models, as indicated by an increase in G6PC and PCK1 expression. Lipidomic analysis revealed considerable differences across the models, with organoids showing the closest similarity to primary hepatocytes in the common lipidome, comprising 347 lipid species across 19 classes. Changes in lipid profiles as a result of the glucose production challenge showed a variety of, and in some cases opposite, trends when compared to primary hepatocytes.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Glucose , Humanos , Glucose/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Lipídeos , Fígado/metabolismo
20.
Cell Biol Int ; 48(5): 577-593, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501437

RESUMO

Fibroblast activation protein (FAP) has been indicated to express in cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) in most cancers. This work was dedicated to exploring FAP's effects on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The data were extracted from The Cancer Genome Atlas, Gene Expression Omnibus, ImmPort, and Reactome databases. The correlation between FAP and HCC patients' prognosis was explored via survival analysis. The qRT-PCR and western blot analysis were used to analyze the FAP mRNA and protein expression levels, respectively. The cell proliferation and apoptosis were determined using the cell counting kit-8 assay kit and Annexin V-FITC/PI apoptosis kit, respectively. The HCC patients with FAP overexpression displayed a worse prognosis. The FAP expression was positively associated with the infiltration levels of tumor purity, B cell, CD8 + T cell, CD4 + T cell, macrophage, neutrophil, and dendritic cell. The optimal nine immune related genes were screened between two groups (FAP high vs. low). Moreover, we identified 24 energy metabolism related genes (FAP high vs. low) and these 24 genes were highly expressed in the high FAP expression group. The FAP expression had a significant positive correlation with the expression of PD-1, CTLA4, PDL-1, and PDL-2. The FAP overexpression promoted proliferation and migration while inhibiting the apoptosis of HCC cells. The FAP overexpression promoted the progression of HCC by regulating the immunity to affect the prognosis of HCC patients, thereby serving as a poor prognostic marker for HCC patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Humanos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo
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