Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 22.979
Filtrar
1.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 73(3-4): 129-134, 2020 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32364340

RESUMO

Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency and characteristics of attacks in patients with migraine, to determine the effects of anxiety or depressive symptoms, and to evaluate the marital relationships of patients with migraine. Methods: Thirty patients who were admitted to the neurology outpatient clinic of our hospital between July 2018 and October 2018 and were diagnosed with migraine according to the 2013 International Headache Society (IHS) diagnostic criteria were included in this cross-sectional study. Age, sex, headache frequency and severity, depressive traits, marital satisfaction and anxiety status were examined. We used the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Maudsley Marital Questionnaire (MMQ) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for measuring relevant parameters. Results: The mean severity of migraine pain according to VAS scale was 6.93 ± 1.41 and the mean number of migraine attacks was 4.50 ± 4.24. The mean BDI score of the patients was 12.66 ± 8.98, the mean MMQ-M score was 19.80 ± 12.52, the mean MMQ-S score was 13.20 ± 9.53, the mean STAI-state score was 39.93 ± 10.87 and the mean STAI-trait score was 45.73 ± 8.96. No significant correlation was found between age, number of migraine attacks, migraine duration, migraine headache intensity, and BDI, STAI and MMQ scores (p>0.05). But there was a positive correlation between MMQ-S and scores obtained from the BDI and STAI-state scales (p<0.05). Conclusion: In this study more than half of the migraine patients had mild, moderate or severe depression. A positive correlation was found between sexual dissatisfaction and scale scores of depression and anxiety.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Depressão/etiologia , Relações Interpessoais , Casamento/psicologia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/complicações , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Humanos , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida
2.
Wiad Lek ; 73(3): 551-554, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32285832

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To study the psychological peculiarities of relationships in families of women with neurotic disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: 30 women who received treatment in the neurotic unit of the A.F. Maltsev Poltava Regional Clinical Psychiatric Hospital and 30 mentally healthy women have been examined. In the research the authors used a complex of interrelated and complementary general scientific and specific methods based on the systematic approach. RESULTS: Results: There was a tendency for following types of marital interactions: dependent - 58% of couples, intermediate - 35% of couples. The emotionally-metaphorical type of interpreting life events is inherent for 89% of women with neurotic disorders. Studying the types of relationships with a husbands demonstrated that women with neurotic disorders perform 'the role of victim' - 30% (1,7689) and 'the role of 'burden'' - 40% (1,7689) in their relationships. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: The types of relationships with a partner of women with neurotic disorders are partly determined by the specifics of early parenting experiences.


Assuntos
Casamento , Transtornos Neuróticos , Feminino , Humanos , Parceiros Sexuais
3.
J Glob Health ; 10(1): 010707, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32257164

RESUMO

Background: Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a multi-national problem with many health consequences. Some research suggests that reducing rates of child marriage can improve gender norms and health outcomes related to IPV. Here, we examine whether changes in national child marriage laws can improve attitudes about domestic violence and reduce intimate partner violence at scale. Methods: Data on attitudes towards violence and violence experienced were obtained from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and longitudinal data on child marriage policy from WORLD and MACHEquity databases (1995-2012). Treatment countries were included if they improved their national child marriage policies from harmful (under 18) to more protective and control countries were included if they had a constant child-marriage policy that allowed girls to marry under the age of 18. Our final data set included 5 treatment and 14 control countries for women's outcomes, 2 treatment and 9 control countries for men's outcomes and 2 treatment and 7 control countries for IPV outcomes (for which fewer countries collect data). We combined individual level responses to five questions on attitudes about domestic violence to create a scale from 0 (always unacceptable) to 5 (always acceptable). All analyses employed a difference-in-differences approach adjusting for individual and country level predictors. Results: Data were available for 532 255 women, of which 96 414 also completed the domestic violence modules, and 104 704 men. National changes to a protective child marriage policy were associated with improved attitudes towards violence among women (-0.21 points, 95% confidence interval (CI) = -0.28, -0.14) and men (-0.98 points, 95% CI = -1.13, -0.83). Additionally, the risk of women experiencing physical and sexual abuse reduced by a greater proportion in treatment compared to control countries (odds ratio OR = 0.65, 95% CI = 0.50, 0.84; OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.45, 0.88, respectively). Conclusions: Our large multi-national study is the first of its kind to critically evaluate the role of national policy on attitudes towards and experiences of IPV among both men and women, and finds that these laws have protective outcomes. Our results are consistent with the hypothesis that gender egalitarian laws positively influence norms and health at the national level.


Assuntos
Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/estatística & dados numéricos , Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude , Criança , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/etnologia , Masculino , Casamento/etnologia , Normas Sociais , Maus-Tratos Conjugais/etnologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Sex Reprod Health Matters ; 28(1): 1-14, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32237980

RESUMO

Married women of reproductive age can experience violations of their sexual and reproductive rights (SRRs). Adequate knowledge and understanding of SRRs are critical to their ability to protect themselves. This mixed methods study assessed the knowledge and perception of SRRs among ever-married women in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Quantitative data (N = 423) were obtained using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and summarised by computing scores for knowledge and perception. Qualitative data were obtained from five focus groups. Findings showed that 45.2% of the respondents said that they were aware of SRRs, yet 81.8% had poor knowledge scores. Regarding perceptions about SRRs, 73% of respondents obtained scores over the mean. In focus group discussions, participants generally could not explain the meaning of SRRs. However, they had positive perception of some SRRs, such as rights to family planning and freedom from violence/abuse. Overall, this study revealed that respondents had poor knowledge of SRRs but positive perceptions about them. A concerted effort is needed to raise public awareness and achieve basic education for women of reproductive age.


Assuntos
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Casamento , Saúde Reprodutiva , Direitos Sexuais e Reprodutivos , Direitos da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana , Adulto Jovem
5.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 198, 2020 Mar 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32138696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although married couples can be at an elevated risk of HIV infection, few studies have explored the risk factors for HIV infection at the couple-level. We explored the risk factors for HIV infection among married couples in settings with differing HIV prevalence levels in Rakai, Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 664 heterosexual couples living in three HIV prevalence strata (low: 9-11.2%; medium: 11.4-20% or high HIV prevalence: 21-43%) in Rakai District, south-western Uganda, between November 2013 and February 2014. Data were collected on socio-demographic and behavioural characteristics from all consenting adults and aggregated to allow for couple-level analyses. We conducted bivariate and multivariable Logistic regression to assess the factors that were independently associated with HIV infection among married couples. Data were analysed using STATA statistical software (version 14.1). RESULTS: Of the 664 couples, 6.4% (n = 42) were in HIV-discordant relationships; 5.8% (n = 39) were in concordant HIV-positive relationships while 87.8% (n = 583) were in concordant HIV-negative relationships. At the bivariate analysis, we found that residing in a high HIV prevalence stratum, reporting extra-marital relations, age difference between partners and number of previous marriages were significantly associated with being part of an HIV infected couple. After adjusting for potential cofounders, living in a high HIV prevalence stratum (Adjusted OR [AOR] =2.31, 95% CI: 1.52, 3.52), being in a third or higher order relationship (AOR = 3.80, 95% CI: 2.30, 6.28), and engagement in extra-marital relations (AOR = 1.75; 95% CI: 1.19, 2.59) were associated with couple HIV infection. Individuals that had stayed together for six or more years had 28% odds of being part of an HIV infected couple (AOR = 0.28; 95%CI: 0.18, 0.43). CONCLUSION: Living in a high HIV prevalence stratum, engagement in extra-marital relations and having a higher number of previous marriages were significant risk factors for HIV infection among married couples. Long marital duration was associated with reduced risk of HIV infection. Interventions that increase marital stability and those that promote pre-marital couples' HIV testing before marital formation can reduce HIV transmission risk among married couples in this setting.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Cônjuges/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Heterossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Uganda/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Am J Public Health ; 110(4): 537-539, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32078351

RESUMO

Objectives. To estimate the effects of same-sex marriage recognition on health insurance coverage.Methods. We used 2008-2017 data from the American Community Survey that represent 18 416 674 adult respondents in the United States. We estimated changes to health insurance outcomes using state-year variation in marriage equality recognition in a difference-in-differences framework.Results. Marriage equality led to a 0.61 percentage point (P = .03) increase in employer-sponsored health insurance coverage, with similar results for men and women.Conclusions. US adults gained employer-sponsored coverage as a result of marriage equality recognition over the study period, likely because of an increase in dependent coverage for newly recognized same-sex married partners.


Assuntos
Planos de Assistência de Saúde para Empregados/estatística & dados numéricos , Cobertura do Seguro/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Casamento/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estados Unidos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229333, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32097433

RESUMO

To understand the relationship between pregnancy intentions and contraceptive use, a growing body of research has begun to examine various domains of women's attitudes towards pregnancy, acknowledging that these attitudes may contradict one another, and women may be ambivalent. This study examines pregnancy ambivalence and assesses the relationship between attitudes towards pregnancy and contraceptive continuation after nine months among a sample of women in Odisha and Haryana, India. Data come from a longitudinal study of married women age 15-49 who began using a modern reversible method of contraception at the time of study enrollment. To assess their cognitive attitudes (beliefs/knowledge) towards pregnancy, women were asked "how important is it you to avoid a pregnancy now?" To assess their affective attitudes (feelings/emotions), women were asked about their agreement with the statement: "If I found out I was pregnant in the next several weeks, I would be happy." A joint, 4-category measure combining these cognitive and affective attitudes towards pregnancy was created to measure concordance and ambivalence in attitudes towards pregnancy. Multivariate random-effects logistic regression models were employed to examine the relationship of these two measures with method-specific contraceptive continuation nine months later. Two models were conducted, one with the two attitude variables included independently and the second with the joint, 4-category measure included. Results showed that affective and cognitive attitudes were both significantly associated with continuation, but that there were no significant differences between those that were ambivalent and those whose attitudes were concordantly anti-pregnancy. This study suggests that attitudes towards pregnancy are multifaceted and both cognitive and affective attitudes towards pregnancy may play an important role in contraceptive use in India.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo/psicologia , Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Casamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Reprodutivo/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Índia , Intenção , Estudos Longitudinais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
8.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229363, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32092129

RESUMO

Post-marital residence patterns are an important aspect of human social organization. However, identifying such patterns in prehistoric societies is challenging since they leave almost no direct traces in archaeological records. Cross-cultural researchers have attempted to identify correlates of post-marital residence through the statistical analysis of ethnographic data. Several studies have demonstrated that, in agricultural societies, large dwellings (over ca. 65 m2) are associated with matrilocality (spouse resides with or near the wife's family), whereas smaller dwellings are associated with patrilocality (spouse resides with or near the husband's family). In the present study, we tested the association between post-marital residence and dwelling size (average house floor area) using phylogenetic comparative methods and a global sample of 86 pre-industrial societies, 22 of which were matrilocal. Our analysis included the presence of agriculture, sedentism, and durability of house construction material as additional explanatory variables. The results confirm a strong association between matrilocality and dwelling size, although very large dwellings (over ca. 200 m2) were found to be associated with all types of post-marital residence. The best model combined dwelling size, post-marital residence pattern, and sedentism, the latter being the single best predictor of house size. The effect of agriculture on dwelling size becomes insignificant once the fixity of settlement is taken into account. Our results indicate that post-marital residence and house size evolve in a correlated fashion, namely that matrilocality is a predictable response to an increase in dwelling size. As such, we suggest that reliable inferences about the social organization of prehistoric societies can be made from archaeological records.


Assuntos
Arqueologia , Características da Família , Habitação , Casamento , Filogenia , Antropologia , Demografia/história , Características da Família/história , Feminino , História Antiga , Habitação/história , Humanos , Masculino , Casamento/história , Dinâmica Populacional/história , Características de Residência/história
9.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0229539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32107501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BPD) is a major mental disorder which not only affects the personal and social functioning of an individual, but also inflicts a huge economic burden on the family. Yet, the study of BPD in Bangladesh is rare and poorly documented. Responding to the dire need, we conducted a new study to determine the prevalence of, and detect the associated factors of, BPD among married women in Rajshahi City, Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study, selecting households in Rajshahi City using a multi-stage random sampling design. The data consisted of 279 married women, who were screened for BPD using the bipolar spectrum diagnostic scale (BSDS). Frequency distribution, chi-square test and binary logistic regression model were used respectively to determine the prevalence, identify the associated factors and quantify their effects on BPD. RESULTS: The prevalence of BPD among married women in Rajshahi City was 2.5%, with an additional 7.2% classified as probable BPD. A binary logistic regression analysis established the following six main factors of BPD: (1) comorbid mental disorder [AOR = 8.232, 95% CI = (1.397, 50.000), p<0.05]; (2) poor relationship with husband [AOR = 11.775, 95% CI = (2.070, 66.667), p<0.01]; (3) poverty [AOR = 1.600, 95% CI = (2.086, 122.709), p<0.01]; (4) high educational level [AOR = 0.177, 95% CI = (0.037, 0.843), p<0.05]; (5) lack of immediate treatment if sick [AOR = 2.941, 95% CI = (1.259, 6.871), p<0.05]; and (6) death of beloved one/s [AOR = 2.768, 95% CI = (1.130, 6.777), p<0.05]. LIMITATIONS: Our survey involved self-reporting, which is typically affected by differing levels of understanding and bias. Also, a cross-sectional, observational study cannot establish an actual cause-and-effect relationship. Some other potentially important factors such as environment, lifestyle, familial customs, effects of drugs, treatment options and outcomes, etc. were not studied. Also, save mental disorder, all other comorbidities remained undocumented. CONCLUSION: This study laid down the foundation for conducting further research on identifying different factors affecting BPD, and for studying other issues related to BPD among married women in Bangladesh. Among such factors are familial environment and culture, comorbidities, treatment options, treatment outcomes, biochemical feature, environmental factors, etc. This study also recommends that, while treating BPD patients, health professionals should focus on comorbidities and family matters.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bangladesh/epidemiologia , Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Cidades , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Casamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Cônjuges , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Am Psychol ; 75(1): 108-110, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916818

RESUMO

Comments on an article by J. K. Kiecolt-Glaser (see record 2018-62311-007). Kiecolt-Glaser (2018) provided a valuable review of how negative relationship behaviors can impact immune system functioning. However, by considering how dispositional characteristics may impact the literature linking romantic relationships to immune system changes, one may take a new perspective on her review. This comment provides an overview of how individual differences in attachment may be used to predict immune system functioning, as well as the relationship behaviors that are said to initiate changes to the immune system. We conclude by outlining the ways in which Kiecolt-Glaser's review can be used to advance research examining the links between attachment and health. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Divórcio , Casamento , Feminino , Sistema Imunitário , Personalidade
12.
Am Psychol ; 75(1): 111-112, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31916819

RESUMO

Replies to comments made by H. Brazeau, G. N. Pfund, and P. L. Hill (see record 2019-81943-004) on the original article by J. K. Kiecolt-Glaser (see record 2018-62311-007). Brazeau, Pfund, and Hill's (2020) comment on Kiecolt-Glaser's (2018) "Marriage, Divorce, and the Immune System" review article provides a thoughtful application of attachment theory to the relationship-health link. In addition to an attachment perspective, we offer multiple moderating and mediating mechanisms through which marriage contributes to health. A brief overview of relationship stress and coping models, as well as the importance of couples' interdependence, is discussed. We provide specific individual, couple, and developmental-contextual factors through an interdependence lens that help explain the health costs and benefits of relationships. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Divórcio , Casamento , Apego ao Objeto , Humanos , Sistema Imunitário
13.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0227218, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31935224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There has been an increase in the uptake of long-acting or permanent contraceptive methods (LAPMs) in Ethiopia. Identifying the factors associated with this change is important for designing interventions that will further accelerate the uptake. This study was done to identify components of, and factors associated with, changes in the use of LAPMs in Ethiopia. METHODS: Information about 16,336 married or in-union reproductive-age women were extracted from the 2005 and 2016 Ethiopian Demographic and Health Surveys (EDHS). Normalized weighting was used to compensate for disproportionate sampling and non-response in the survey. The two data sets were merged and analyzed using multivariate decomposition analysis. RESULT: From 2005 to 2016, the use of LAPMs increased by 12.0 percentage points. Changes in the characteristics of women (compositional factors) were responsible for nearly 7.0% of the observed difference. Most of the change (92.0%) was attributable to differences in the effects of characteristics. Age, working status, woman's occupation, concordance on the desired number of children between women and their partners, and a visit by health workers in the 12 months before the survey were all significantly associated with the change. CONCLUSION: The contribution of variation in the survey population structure was not significant for the observed change. The change in the use of LAPMs was mainly due to behavioral changes among older, educated and working women, and women visited by health workers.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticoncepção/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Contraceptivo/estatística & dados numéricos , Etiópia , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/métodos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Dispositivos Intrauterinos/estatística & dados numéricos , Casamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Esterilização Reprodutiva/métodos , Esterilização Reprodutiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
14.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 13(1): 1-19, jan.-abr. 2020. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090455

RESUMO

Trata-se de revisão sistemática para investigar as definições de pornografia utilizadas por pesquisadores e os efeitos do consumo desse material nos relacionamentos amorosos. Buscaram-se artigos teóricos ou empíricos, nos idiomas espanhol, inglês e português, publicados em periódicos nacionais e internacionais, indexados nas plataformas eletrônicas Doaj, SciELO e Scopus, que contivessem, em qualquer parte do texto, os termos "pornografia" e "relacionamento". Retornaram 433 documentos que, aplicados os critérios de inclusão e exclusão, resultaram em 45 artigos. Na amostra estudada, material sexualmente explícito parece ser a definição mais aceita de pornografia. Em relação aos aspectos negativos percebidos do consumo de pornografia ao relacionamento, foram elencadas as categorias: prejuízos à saúde, prejuízos ao relacionamento, violência contra as mulheres e aspectos socioculturais. Em relação aos aspectos positivos, foram levantadas as categorias: sexualidade, desenvolvimento pessoal e benefícios ao relacionamento. Os possíveis impactos do consumo de pornografia nos relacionamentos são ainda bastante imprecisos e ambíguos.


This systematic review aims to investigate pornography definitions used by researchers and the effects of the consumption of this material in romantic relationships. We searched for theoretical or empirical papers published in Brazilian and international journals indexed in the DOAJ, SciELO and Scopus electronic platforms, which contained, in any part of the text, the terms "pornography" and "relationship" in Spanish, English or Portuguese. This search resulted in 433 documents that, after application of the inclusion and exclusion criteria, resulted in 45 papers. Within the sample, sexually explicit material seems to be the most accepted definition of pornography. Regarding the perception of negative aspects of pornography consumption on the relationship, the following categories were listed: health damage, relationship impairment, violence against women and social and cultural aspects. In relation to the positive aspects, the categories surveyed were: sexuality, personal development and benefits to the relationship. The possible impacts of pornography consumption in relationships are still quite vague and ambiguous.


Assuntos
Casamento , Literatura Erótica , Sexo , Sexualidade , Literatura Erótica/psicologia
15.
Gerais (Univ. Fed. Juiz Fora) ; 13(1): 1-15, jan.-abr. 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090463

RESUMO

Este estudo tem por objetivo investigar as percepções de sujeitos casados acerca da ausência de filhos na atualidade. Participaram da pesquisa dez sujeitos, cinco homens e cinco mulheres do segmento socioeconômico médio, com idades entre 33 e 37 anos, sem filhos. Os resultados foram analisados de acordo com o método de análise de conteúdo. Da análise do material, emergiram seis categorias de análise. Tendo em vista os objetivos do presente trabalho, serão apresentadas e discutidas as categorias: satisfação conjugal de casais sem filhos e sociedade e o projeto de ter filhos. Os resultados apontaram que casais sem filhos têm um nível mais elevado de satisfação no relacionamento conjugal. Apesar de a sociedade atual aceitar com mais naturalidade a opção dos casais de não ter filho, ainda há uma cobrança muito grande acerca desse projeto, visto que a escolha pela não parentalidade interrompe a continuidade geracional.


This study aims to investigate the perceptions of married individuals about the absence of children today. Ten subjects, five men and five women from the middle-class segment, aged 33 to 37, who do not have children, participated in the study. The results were analyzed according to the content analysis method. From the analysis of the material, six categories of analysis emerged. Considering the objective of this paper, the following categories will be presented and discussed: marital satisfaction of couples without children and society and the project of having children. The results have shown that couples without children have a higher level of satisfaction with their marital relationship. Although today's society accepts a couple's choice of not having children more naturally, there is still a lot of pressure regarding this project, since the choice for non-parenting interrupts generational continuity.


Assuntos
Satisfação Pessoal , Casamento , Psicologia Social , Autonomia Pessoal , Absenteísmo
16.
Psychol Aging ; 35(1): 8-19, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985245

RESUMO

Many older adults experience age-associated memory changes. Scholars have explored more intensive memory loss problems (i.e., dementia) within marriage, however minor memory failures may also impact older adults' relationships. Minor daily memory failures could bring frustrations that manifest as negative affect, which could then spill over into marital interactions. The current study utilized a daily framework to examine microlongitudinal pathways of memory to negative affect to marital interactions among 191 couples across 14 consecutive days. Dyadic multivariate multilevel structural equation models were used to explore daily positive and negative marital interactions as a function of 2 days prior (t-2) memory failures and prior day (t-1) negative affect. Findings suggest that between-person memory failures were consistently linked with negative affect, and between-person negative affect was linked to fewer daily positive and more daily negative marital interactions for husbands, as well as more daily negative marital interactions for wives. Within-person t-2 memory failures were linked to t-1 negative affect for husbands. Indirect associations linking memory failures with negative marital quality through negative affect were significant for wives, and only at a between-person level. The effects of daily memory failures have important implications for daily negative affect and negative marital interactions, and these effects may last for multiple days. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Casamento/psicologia , Memória/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
17.
BMC Psychol ; 8(1): 6, 2020 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Infertility can have a powerful impact on marital quality. The Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale (RDAS) is a widely used measure of marital quality. This scale has not been validated in infertile patients. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the RDAS in a sample of infertile patients. METHODS: The sample of this methodological study consisted of 254 infertile patients referring to a referral infertility clinic in Tehran, Iran. A battery of questionnaires was administered to the participants, including a demographic/fertility questionnaire, the RDAS, the Relationship Assessment Scale (RAS), the Kansas Marital Satisfaction Scale (KMSS), the Couples Satisfaction Index- 4 Item (CSI-4), the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the Perceived Stress Scale-4 Item (PSS-4). Internal consistency of the scale was assessed with Cronbach's alpha, construct validity was investigated using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and convergent validity was examined by correlating the RDAS with RAS, KMSS, CSI-4, HADS, and PSS-4 instruments. RESULTS: The mean total RDAS score was 49.26 ± 9.34, and 100 patients (39.4%) had marital distress based on the cut-off value of < 48. The second-order three-factor model of the RDAS exhibited an excellent fit to the data, as indicated by χ2/df = 2.26; CFI = 0.96; GFI = 0.91; NFI = 0.93; IFI = 0.96; RMSEA = 0.071 and SRMR = 0.050. The RDAS and its subscales revealed satisfactory internal consistency that ranged from 0.664 to 0.847. Convergent validity was confirmed by strong correlations between RDAS scores and scores on the RAS, KMSS, and CSI-4. These correlations also tended to be larger than correlations with measures of HADS-anxiety, HADS-depression, and PSS-4. Among demographic/fertility variables, only infertility duration was found to be correlated to the RDAS. CONCLUSION: The RDAS is a reliable and valid inventory for measuring marital quality in infertile patients. Further validation studies are needed to generalize the underlying structure of the scale in various populations.


Assuntos
Infertilidade/psicologia , Casamento/psicologia , Testes Psicológicos , Adulto , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Satisfação Pessoal , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Lesbian Stud ; 24(1): 12-24, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31131737

RESUMO

Despite shifts in societal attitudes, lesbian women who separate and divorce still must cope with recriminating societal messages that blame and condemn them for not conforming to the gendered heteronormative dictate of married motherhood. Guided by feminist theory, we conducted a qualitative analysis of narratives from 17 adoptive lesbian mothers who had dissolved their relationship. The women's narratives revealed five cultural discourses that they variously embraced, resisted, or disrupted: (1) the ideology of the good mother; (2) divorce is bad for children; (3) marriage is the ideal way to live; (4) couples should stay together for the children; and (5) lesbian ex-lovers should be lifelong friends. All women embraced the cultural belief in "the good mother," which is the linchpin of gendered oppression, but they were much more disruptive regarding the remaining four discourses surrounding marriage, divorce, and lesbian relationships. Their assessments of life after separation revealed that divorce can actually be better than marriage for their children; marriage is often overrated; having children can complicate a marriage; and remaining friends with one's ex-partner is not always desirable. The feminist tenet that oppression and agency coexist was revealed as the women both engaged and resisted dominant cultural narratives in order to navigate the dilemmas of crafting a new life for themselves and their children post-divorce.


Assuntos
Divórcio , Homossexualidade Feminina , Casamento , Mães , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Adulto , Divórcio/psicologia , Feminino , Homossexualidade Feminina/psicologia , Humanos , Casamento/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mães/psicologia , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/psicologia , Normas Sociais
20.
Health Psychol ; 39(1): 58-67, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although positive marital quality is usually associated with lower chronic low-grade inflammation, not everyone benefits equally from spousal support. Exposure to early life adversity (ELA) has been proposed as a factor that may impede the social buffering effect of positive social relationships. The goal of this study was to test whether ELA would moderate the impact of marital quality on inflammation. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined 168 partnered middle-aged women who either were experiencing a current chronic caregiving stressor, raising an adolescent with an autism spectrum disorder or intellectual disability, or who had the normative parenting experience of raising a typically developing adolescent. Participants completed self-report questionnaires on marital satisfaction, dyadic coping, and perceived partner responsiveness to create a composite index of marital quality, and they filled out the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire to assess ELA exposure. Participants also provided plasma samples for the assessment of interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein, three circulating biomarkers of inflammation. RESULTS: ELA moderated the association between marital quality and inflammation. Among individuals who endorsed lower ELA exposure, there was a significant, negative association between marital quality and interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-α levels. However, this association was attenuated and not statistically significant among participants who reported higher ELA exposure. This effect was independent of current chronic stress. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that ELA may impair the social buffering effect of marital quality on inflammation. This impaired social buffering effect may be another mechanism through which ELA promotes sustained elevations in inflammation over time. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/fisiologia , Experiências Adversas da Infância/tendências , Inflamação/psicologia , Casamento/psicologia , Transtornos Psicóticos/imunologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA