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1.
J Cell Biol ; 223(7)2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587472

RESUMO

The wound-healing process is a paradigm of the directed migration of various pools of stem cells from their niche to the site of injury where they replenish damaged cells. Two decades have elapsed since the observation that wounding activates multipotent hair follicle stem cells to infiltrate the epidermis, but the cues that coax these cells out of their niche remain unknown. Here, we report that Caspase-1, a protein classically known as an integral component of the cytosolic inflammasome, is secreted upon wounding and has a non-canonical role in the extracellular milieu. Through its caspase activation recruitment domain (CARD), Caspase-1 is sufficient to initiate the migration of hair follicle stem cells into the epidermis. Uncovering this novel function of Caspase-1 also facilitates a deeper understanding of the mechanistic basis of the epithelial hyperplasia found to accompany numerous inflammatory skin diseases.


Assuntos
Caspase 1 , Dermatite , Folículo Piloso , Células-Tronco , Cicatrização , Animais , Camundongos , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Dermatite/metabolismo , Dermatite/patologia , Cabelo , Folículo Piloso/citologia , Folículo Piloso/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo
2.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1346878, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38590522

RESUMO

Herpesviruses, prevalent DNA viruses with a double-stranded structure, establish enduring infections and play a part in various diseases. Despite their deployment of multiple tactics to evade the immune system, both localized and systemic inflammatory responses are triggered by the innate immune system's recognition of them. Recent progress has offered more profound understandings of the mechanisms behind the activation of the innate immune system by herpesviruses, specifically through inflammatory signaling. This process encompasses the initiation of an intracellular nucleoprotein complex, the inflammasome associated with inflammation.Following activation, proinflammatory cytokines such as IL-1ß and IL-18 are released by the inflammasome, concurrently instigating a programmed pathway for cell death. Despite the structural resemblances between herpesviruses, the distinctive methods of inflammatory activation and the ensuing outcomes in diseases linked to the virus exhibit variations.The objective of this review is to emphasize both the similarities and differences in the mechanisms of inflammatory activation among herpesviruses, elucidating their significance in diseases resulting from these viral infections.Additionally, it identifies areas requiring further research to comprehensively grasp the impact of this crucial innate immune signaling pathway on the pathogenesis of these prevalent viruses.


Assuntos
Infecções por Herpesviridae , Viroses , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
3.
J Am Chem Soc ; 146(13): 9413-9421, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38506128

RESUMO

Precise control of cellular signaling events during programmed cell death is crucial yet challenging for cancer therapy. The modulation of signal transduction in cancer cells holds promise but is limited by the lack of efficient, biocompatible, and spatiotemporally controllable approaches. Here we report a photodynamic strategy that modulates both apoptotic and pyroptotic cell death by altering caspase-3 protein activity and the associated signaling crosstalk. This strategy employs a mitochondria-targeting, near-infrared activatable probe (termed M-TOP) that functions via a type-I photochemical mechanism. M-TOP is less dependent on oxygen and more effective in treating drug-resistant cancer cells, even under hypoxic conditions. Our study shows that higher doses of M-TOP induce pyroptotic cell death via the caspase-3/gasdermin-E pathway, whereas lower doses lead to apoptosis. This photodynamic method is effective across diverse gasdermin-E-expressing cancer cells. Moreover, the M-TOP mediated shift from apoptotic to pyroptotic modulation can evoke a controlled inflammatory response, leading to a robust yet balanced immune reaction. This effectively inhibits both distal tumor growth and postsurgical tumor recurrence. This work demonstrates the feasibility of modulating intracellular signaling through the rational design of photodynamic anticancer drugs.


Assuntos
Gasderminas , Neoplasias , Humanos , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Apoptose , Transdução de Sinais , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Caspase 8/metabolismo , Caspase 8/farmacologia , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 1/farmacologia
4.
Cell Rep ; 43(3): 113852, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38427558

RESUMO

The NLRP3 inflammasome is essential for caspase-1 activation and the release of interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-18, and gasdermin-D in myeloid cells. However, research on species-specific NLRP3's physiological impact is limited. We engineer mice with the human NLRP3 gene, driven by either the human or mouse promoter, via syntenic replacement at the mouse Nlrp3 locus. Both promoters facilitate hNLRP3 expression in myeloid cells, but the mouse promoter responds more robustly to LPS. Investigating the disease impact of differential NLRP3 regulation, we introduce the D305N gain-of-function mutation into both humanized lines. Chronic inflammation is evident with both promoters; however, CNS outcomes vary significantly. Despite poor response to LPS, the human promoter results in D305N-associated aseptic meningitis, mirroring human pathology. The mouse promoter, although leading to increased CNS expression post-LPS, does not induce meningitis in D305N mutants. Therefore, human-like NLRP3 expression may be crucial for accurate modeling of its role in disease pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Doenças Hereditárias Autoinflamatórias , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Humanos , Animais , Camundongos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação , Síndrome , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo
5.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 327: 118041, 2024 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479543

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a prevalent nasal inflammatory disorder, and pyroptosis plays a crucial role in aggravating AR. Current medications for AR treatment still have deficiencies, and finding new agents is of great interest. Mahuang Fuzi Xixin decoction (MFXD), an ancient Chinese medicine, is now commonly used to treat AR, which has anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, but its underlying mechanism is unknown. AIM OF THIS STUDY: This study aims to evaluate the effects of MFXD on AR and explore its potential mechanisms in view of the regulatory effect on pyroptosis. METHODS: MFXD, Mahuang, Fuzi, and Xixin water extracts were analyzed using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-Orbitrap-high-resolution accurate mass spectrometry. In in vivo study, the effects of MFXD on AR treatment were evaluated in an ovalbumin-induced mouse model. Mice were administered saline (control and model groups), MFXD (1.375, 2.75 g/kg), and dexamethasone (2.5 mg/kg) for 13 days. AR symptoms were evaluated by blinded observers. Immunoglobulin E (IgE) and histamine levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. Expression of pyroptosis-related proteins (NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 p10/p20, GSDMD-N and IL-1ß) in AR mouse nasal mucosa were estimated by immunohistochemistry. In in vivtro study, the effects of MFXD on pyroptosis were assessed in human nasal epithelial cells (HNEpCs) stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and incubated with MFXD (12.5, 25, and 50 µg/mL). Pyroptosis-related protein expression was measured by western blotting. RESULTS: Thirty-three compounds in MFXD were identified, including ephedrine, pseudoephedrine, higenamine, aconine, aconitine, benzoylmesaconitine, benzoylhypaconine and hypaconitine. In the in vivo study, oral taken of MFXD/dexamethasone significantly ameliorated AR symptoms, reduced swelling of the nasal mucosa, and decreased the levels of IgE and histamine in AR mice serum. MFXD/dexamethasone attenuated histopathological changes and reduced the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in nasal mucosa, indicating the inhibitory effect on nasal epithelial pyroptosis. In the in vitro study, MFXD (50 µg/mL) significantly alleviated cytotoxicity, protected cells from swelling and rupture, and downregulated the expression of pyroptosis-related proteins in LPS/ATP-induced HNEpCs. CONCLUSION: MFXD suppressed nasal epithelial pyroptosis by inhibiting the NLRP3/Caspase-1/GSDMD-N signaling pathway, which alleviates AR. Our results offer valuable insights into potential AR therapies and provide evidence for the clinical utilization of MFXD to treat AR.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Rinite Alérgica , Camundongos , Humanos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Histamina , Lipopolissacarídeos , Rinite Alérgica/tratamento farmacológico , Imunoglobulina E , Trifosfato de Adenosina , Dexametasona , Gasderminas , Proteínas de Ligação a Fosfato
6.
Elife ; 122024 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38497531

RESUMO

Gasdermins oligomerize to form pores in the cell membrane, causing regulated lytic cell death called pyroptosis. Mammals encode five gasdermins that can trigger pyroptosis: GSDMA, B, C, D, and E. Caspase and granzyme proteases cleave the linker regions of and activate GSDMB, C, D, and E, but no endogenous activation pathways are yet known for GSDMA. Here, we perform a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the gasdermin family. A gene duplication of GSDMA in the common ancestor of caecilian amphibians, reptiles, and birds gave rise to GSDMA-D in mammals. Uniquely in our tree, amphibian, reptile, and bird GSDMA group in a separate clade than mammal GSDMA. Remarkably, GSDMA in numerous bird species contain caspase-1 cleavage sites like YVAD or FASD in the linker. We show that GSDMA from birds, amphibians, and reptiles are all cleaved by caspase-1. Thus, GSDMA was originally cleaved by the host-encoded protease caspase-1. In mammals the caspase-1 cleavage site in GSDMA is disrupted; instead, a new protein, GSDMD, is the target of caspase-1. Mammal caspase-1 uses exosite interactions with the GSDMD C-terminal domain to confer the specificity of this interaction, whereas we show that bird caspase-1 uses a stereotypical tetrapeptide sequence to confer specificity for bird GSDMA. Our results reveal an evolutionarily stable association between caspase-1 and the gasdermin family, albeit a shifting one. Caspase-1 repeatedly changes its target gasdermin over evolutionary time at speciation junctures, initially cleaving GSDME in fish, then GSDMA in amphibians/reptiles/birds, and finally GSDMD in mammals.


Assuntos
Gasderminas , Inflamassomos , Animais , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Anfíbios , Répteis , Aves
7.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 44(2): 317-323, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38501417

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of caspase-1-medicated canonical pyroptosis pathway in chlorogenic acid (CGA) treatment of acute kidney injury (AKI) in mice. METHOD: Twenty-four C57Bl/6J mice were randomized into sham-operated group, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) group, CLP+dexamethasone group (CLP+DXM group), and CLP+CGA group (n=6) and subjected to either sham operation (laparotomy only) or CLP. After modeling the mice received intravenous infusion of 10 mg/kg normal saline (in sham and CLP groups), 1 µg/kg dexamethasone or 15 mg/kg of chlorogenic acid for 6 h delivered using an intravenous pump. Eight hours after the infusion, renal morphology and histology, renal cell apoptosis, and the renal function parameters such as urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Scr), and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) were compared among the 4 groups; the 7-day survival rates of the mice were recorded, and the expressions of NLRP3 inflammasomes and key proteins of the caspase-1 pathway in the renal tissue were detected. RESULTS: CGA treatment significantly improved the 7-day survival rate, reduced renal pathologies of the septic mice (P < 0.05), and lowered the levels of BUN, Scr, KIM-1, NLRP3 inflammasome and expressions of key proteins of the caspase-1 pathway. CONCLUSION: CGA alleviates AKI in mice with CLP-induced sepsis by inhibiting NLRP3 inflammasomes and the caspase-1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Sepse , Camundongos , Animais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Piroptose , Ácido Clorogênico/uso terapêutico , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/metabolismo , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
8.
Exp Eye Res ; 241: 109851, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453039

RESUMO

The accumulation of oleic acid (OA) in the meibum from patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) suggests that it may contribute to meibomian gland (MG) functional disorder, as it is a potent stimulator of acne-related lipogenesis and inflammation in sebaceous gland. Therefore, we investigate whether OA induces lipogenesis and inflammasome activation in organotypic cultured mouse MG and human meibomian gland epithelial cells (HMGECs). Organotypic cultured mouse MG and HMGECs were exposed to OA or combinations with specific AMPK agonists 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide ribonucleotide (AICAR). Lipogenic status, ductal keratinization, squamous metaplasia, NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1 inflammasome activation, proinflammatory cytokine IL-1ß production, and AMPK pathway phosphorylation in MG were subsequently examined by lipid staining, immunofluorescence staining, immunohistochemical staining, ELISA assay, and Western blot analyses. We found that OA significantly induced lipid accumulation, ductal keratinization, and squamous metaplasia in organotypic cultured MG, as evidenced by increased lipids deposition within acini and duct, upregulated expression of lipogenic proteins (SREBP-1 and HMGCR), and elevation of K10/Sprr1b. Additionally, OA induced NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1 inflammasome activation, cleavage of Caspase-1, and production of downstream proinflammatory cytokine IL-1ß. The findings of lipogenesis and NLRP3-related proinflammatory response in OA-stimulated HMGECs were consistent with those in organotypic cultured MG. OA exposure downregulated phospho-AMPK in two models, while AICAR treatment alleviated lipogenesis by improving AMPK/ACC phosphorylation and SREBP-1/HMGCR expression. Furthermore, AMPK amelioration inhibited activation of the NLRP3/ASC/Caspase-1 axis and secretion of IL-1ß, thereby relieving the OA-induced proinflammatory response. These results demonstrated that OA induced lipogenic disorder and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in organotypic cultured mouse MG and HMGECs by suppressing the AMPK signaling pathway, indicating OA may play an etiological role in MGD.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas , Inflamassomos , Humanos , Camundongos , Animais , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteína de Ligação a Elemento Regulador de Esterol 1/metabolismo , Ácido Oleico/farmacologia , Ácido Oleico/metabolismo , Glândulas Tarsais/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Lipogênese , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Metaplasia/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
9.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 187, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515158

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyroptosis of the renal tubular epithelial cells (RTECs) and interstitial inflammation are central pathological characteristics of acute kidney injury (AKI). Pyroptosis acts as a pro-inflammatory form of programmed cell death and is mainly dependent on activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome. Previous studies revealed that acetyl-CoA synthetase 2 (ACSS2) promotes inflammation during metabolic stress suggesting that ACSS2 might regulate pyroptosis and inflammatory responses of RTECs in AKI. METHODS AND RESULTS: The expression of ACSS2 was found to be significantly increased in the renal epithelial cells of mice with lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced AKI. Pharmacological and genetic strategies demonstrated that ACSS2 regulated NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation and pyroptosis through the stimulation of the KLF5/NF-κB pathway in RTECs. The deletion of ACSS2 attenuated renal tubular pathological injury and inflammatory cell infiltration in an LPS-induced mouse model, and ACSS2-deficient mice displayed impaired NLRP3 activation-mediated pyroptosis and decreased IL-1ß production in response to the LPS challenge. In HK-2 cells, ACSS2 deficiency suppressed NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation and pyroptosis through the downregulation of the KLF5/NF-κB pathway. The KLF5 inhibitor ML264 suppressed NF-κB activity and NLRP3-mediated caspase-1 activation, thus protecting HK-2 cells from LPS-induced pyroptosis. CONCLUSION: Our results suggested that ACSS2 regulates activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and pyroptosis by inducing the KLF5/NF-κB pathway in RTECs. These results identified ACSS2 as a potential therapeutic target in AKI.


Assuntos
Injúria Renal Aguda , Sepse , Animais , Camundongos , Acetilcoenzima A/metabolismo , Injúria Renal Aguda/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Ligases/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Piroptose , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/metabolismo
10.
Epilepsy Res ; 201: 107338, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38447234

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The NOD-like receptor family, pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammatory pathway is implicated in the development of epilepsy and can be suppressed by the activation of the silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1). However, the expression and correlation of the NLRP3 pathway and SIRT1 in drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) remain unknown. METHODS: This study evaluated the histopathology of the cerebral cortex from nine patients with DRE and eight patients with cavernous haemangioma undergoing surgical treatment. It analysed the expression of the NLRP3, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), caspase-1 and SIRT1 using immunohistochemistry. Additionally, the contents of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1ß and SIRT1 in the serum samples of the included study participants were determined using ELISA method. The correlation between the NLRP3 pathway and the SIRT1 was assessed using Spearman's correlation analysis. RESULTS: The expression of NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß in the cerebral cortex of patients with DRE was elevated, with the NLRP3 expression being negatively correlated with the SIRT1 expression. Furthermore, IL-1ß in serum was upregulated in patients with DRE. The correlation between the content of serum SIRT1 and NLRP3, caspase-1 and IL-1ß in patients with DRE was not significant. Notably, serum caspase-1 levels were obviously higher in patients with bilateral hippocampal sclerosis than in patients with unilateral hippocampal sclerosis. CONCLUSIONS: The current results indicate that the expression of the NLRP3/caspase-1/IL-1ß pathway is significantly upregulated in patients with DRE and that it is partially correlated with the SIRT1 expression. This study is important for understanding the pathophysiology of DRE and developing new treatment strategies for it.


Assuntos
Esclerose Hipocampal , Inflamassomos , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Proteínas NLR , Domínio Pirina , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo
11.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(6): 5077-5090, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38503493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common age-related joint disease, and the NLRP3-induced pyroptosis has been demonstrated in its progression. The upstream molecules or specific mechanisms controlling NLRP3 and pyroptosis in OA remain unclear. METHODS: Transcriptome sequencing was performed in the OA mice model, and the expression levels of differentially expressed genes were assessed by qRT-PCR. The cell model was constructed by IL-1ß-induced ATDC5 cells. The cell proliferation was examined using CCK-8 assay, and apoptosis was tested using flow cytometry. Western blot was used in protein inspection, and ELISA was used in inflammatory response evaluation. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, there were 229 up-regulated and 32 down-regulated genes in model group. We detected that FOXQ1 was down-regulated in the OA mice model, improved proliferation, and restrained apoptosis of chondrocytes. Over-expression of FOXQ1 could inhibit pyroptosis-related proteins and inflammatory cytokines, containing NLRP3, Caspase-1, GSDMD, IL-6, IL-18, and TNF-α, and in contrast, FOXQ1 silencing exerted the opposite trend. CONCLUSIONS: FOXQ1 may inhibit OA progression via down-regulating NLRP3-induced pyroptosis in the present study.


Assuntos
Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Osteoartrite , Animais , Camundongos , Apoptose/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Osteoartrite/genética , Piroptose
12.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 412, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38466466

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We investigated the role of lnc_AABR07044470.1 on the occurrence and development of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and neuronal injury by targeting the miR-214-3p/PERM1 axis to find a novel clinical drug target and prediction and treatment of AIS. METHODS: The mouse AIS animal model was used in vivo experiments and hypoxia/reoxygenation cell model in vitro was established. Firstly, infarction volume and pathological changes of mouse hippocampal neurons were detected using HE staining. Secondly, rat primary neuron apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry assay. The numbers of neuron, microglia and astrocytes were detected using immunofluorescence (IF). Furthermore, binding detection was performed by bioinformatics database and double luciferase reporter assay. Lnc_AABR07044470.1 localization was performed using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH).Lnc_AABR07044470.1, miR-214-3pand PERM1mRNA expression was performed using RT-qPCR. NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and PERM1 protein expression was performed using Western blotting. IL-1ß was detected by ELISA assay. RESULTS: Mouse four-vessel occlusion could easily establish the animal model, and AIS animal model had an obvious time-dependence. HE staining showed that, compared with the sham group, infarction volume and pathological changes of mouse hippocampal neurons were deteriorated in the model group. Furthermore, compared with the sham group, neurons were significantly reduced, while microglia and astrocytes were significantly activated. Moreover, the bioinformatics prediction and detection of double luciferase reporter confirmed the binding site of lnc_AABR07044470.1 to miR-214-3p and miR-214-3p to Perm1. lnc_AABR07044470.1 and PERM1 expression was significantly down-regulated and miR-214-3pexpression was significantly up-regulated in AIS animal model in vivo. At the same time, the expression of inflammasome NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and pro-inflammatory factor IL-1ß was significantly up-regulated in vivo and in vitro. The over-expression of lnc_AABR07044470.1 and miR-214-3p inhibitor could inhibit the neuron apoptosis and the expression of inflammasome NLRP3, ASC, Caspase-1 and pro-inflammatory factor IL-1ß and up-regulate the expression of PERM1 in vitro. Finally, over-expression of lnc_AABR07044470.1 and miR-214-3p inhibitor transfected cell model was significant in relieving the AIS and neuronal injury. CONCLUSION: Lnc_AABR07044470.1 promotes inflammatory response to neuronal injury via miR-214-3p/PERM1 axis in AIS.


Assuntos
AVC Isquêmico , MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Ratos , Camundongos , Animais , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , AVC Isquêmico/genética , AVC Isquêmico/metabolismo , Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente , Apoptose , Caspase 1/genética , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Infarto/metabolismo , Infarto/patologia , Luciferases/genética , Proteínas Musculares/genética
13.
Life Sci Alliance ; 7(6)2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527803

RESUMO

Inflammasomes are immune complexes whose activation leads to the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-18 and IL-1ß. Type I IFNs play a role in fighting infection and stimulate the expression of IFN-stimulated genes (ISGs) involved in inflammation. Despite the importance of these cytokines in inflammation, the regulation of inflammasomes by type I IFNs remains poorly understood. Here, we analysed RNA-sequencing data from patients with monogenic interferonopathies and found an up-regulation of several inflammasome-related genes. To investigate the effect of type I IFN on the inflammasome, we treated human monocyte-derived macrophages with IFN-α and observed an increase in CASP1 and GSDMD mRNA levels over time, whereas IL1B and NLRP3 were not directly correlated to IFN-α exposure time. IFN-α treatment reduced the release of mature IL-1ß and IL-18, but not caspase-1, in response to ATP-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation, suggesting regulation occurs at cytokine expression levels and not the inflammasome itself. However, more studies are required to investigate how regulation by IFN-α occurs and impacts NLRP3 and other inflammasomes at both transcriptional and post-translational levels.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Humanos , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Interleucina-18/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Inflamação/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo
14.
Exp Eye Res ; 240: 109830, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38364932

RESUMO

Fungal keratitis (FK) is a refractory keratitis caused by excessive inflammation and fungal damage. Excessive inflammation can lead to tissue damage and corneal opacity, resulting in a poor prognosis for FK. Oxymatrine (OMT) is a natural alkaloid, which has rich pharmacological effects, such as antioxidant and anti-inflammation. However, its antifungal activity and the mechanism of action in FK have not been elucidated. This study confirmed that OMT suppressed Aspergillus fumigatus growth, biofilm formation, the integrity of fungal cell and conidial adherence. OMT not only effectively reduced corneal fungal load but also inflammation responses. OMT lessened the recruitment of neutrophils and macrophages in FK. In addition, OMT up-regulated the expression of Nrf2 and down-regulated the expression of IL-18, IL-1ß, caspase-1, NLRP3 and GSDMD. Pre-treatment with Nrf2 inhibitor up-regulated the expression of IL-1ß, IL-18, caspase-1, NLRP3 and GSDMD supressed by OMT. In conclusion, OMT has efficient anti-inflammatory and antifungal effects by suppressing fungal activity and restricting pyroptosis via Nrf2 pathway. OMT is considered as a potential option for the treatment of FK.


Assuntos
Aspergilose , Úlcera da Córnea , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas , Ceratite , Matrinas , Animais , Camundongos , Aspergillus fumigatus/fisiologia , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Interleucina-18 , Aspergilose/tratamento farmacológico , Aspergilose/metabolismo , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/uso terapêutico , Piroptose , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Ceratite/microbiologia , Inflamação , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Oculares Fúngicas/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
15.
Aging (Albany NY) ; 16(3): 2989-3006, 2024 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38329438

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Growing experimental evidence indicates that cognitive impairment is linked to neuroinflammation. Minocycline (MINO), an antibiotic known for its anti-inflammatory, has shown promise in alleviating cognitive impairment. Nonetheless, the exact mechanism through which MINO improves cognitive impairment is not yet understood. METHODS: A neuroinflammatory model was establish by utilizing lipopolysaccharide. The assessment of mice's cognitive and learning abilities was conducted through the MWM and Y-maze tests. The evaluation of hippocampal neuronal injury and microglial activation were achieved by performing HE staining and IHC, respectively. To evaluate BV2 cell viability and apoptosis, the CCK-8 and Hoechst 33342/PI staining assays were employed. In order to assess the protein and RNA expression levels of NLRP3, caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18, Iba-1, and Bcl2/Bax, WB and RT-qPCR were utilized. Additionally, the inhibitory effect of MINO on apoptosis by targeting the NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway was investigated using Nigericin. RESULTS: MINO was effective in reducing the time it took for mice to escape from the test, increasing the number of platforms they crossed, and mitigating damage to the hippocampus while also suppressing microglial activation and the expression of Iba-1 in a neuroinflammatory model caused by LPS. Furthermore, MINO improved the viability of BV2 cell and reduced apoptosis. It also had the effect of reducing the expression levels of NLRP3/Caspase-1, IL-1ß, IL-18, and BAX, while upregulating the expression of Bcl2. Additionally, MINO was found to downregulate the NLRP3 expression, which is specifically activated by nigericin. CONCLUSION: The protective effect of MINO relies on the crucial involvement of the NLRP3/caspase-1 pathway.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Camundongos , Animais , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Minociclina/farmacologia , Minociclina/uso terapêutico , Interleucina-18 , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Nigericina , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2 , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396768

RESUMO

Inflammasomes are intracellular multiprotein complexes that activate inflammatory signaling pathways. Inflammasomes comprise two major classes: canonical inflammasomes, which were discovered first and are activated in response to a variety of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), and non-canonical inflammasomes, which were discovered recently and are only activated in response to intracellular lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Although a larger number of studies have successfully demonstrated that canonical inflammasomes, particularly the NLRP3 inflammasome, play roles in various rheumatic diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA), infectious arthritis (IR), gouty arthritis (GA), osteoarthritis (OA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), psoriatic arthritis (PA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and Sjögren's syndrome (SjS), the regulatory roles of non-canonical inflammasomes, such as mouse caspase-11 and human caspase-4 non-canonical inflammasomes, in these diseases are still largely unknown. Interestingly, an increasing number of studies have reported possible roles for non-canonical inflammasomes in the pathogenesis of various mouse models of rheumatic disease. This review comprehensively summarizes and discusses recent emerging studies demonstrating the regulatory roles of non-canonical inflammasomes, particularly focusing on the caspase-11 non-canonical inflammasome, in the pathogenesis and progression of various types of rheumatic diseases and provides new insights into strategies for developing potential therapeutics to prevent and treat rheumatic diseases as well as associated diseases by targeting non-canonical inflammasomes.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Osteoartrite , Doenças Reumáticas , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396860

RESUMO

Hypoxia-induced neuronal death is a major cause of neurodegenerative diseases. Pyroptosis is a type of inflammatory programmed cell death mediated by elevated intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Therefore, we hypothesized that hypoxia-induced ROS may trigger pyroptosis via caspase-dependent gasdermin (GSDM) activation in neuronal cells. To test this, we exposed SH-SY5Y neuronal cells to cobalt chloride (CoCl2) to trigger hypoxia and then evaluated the cellular and molecular responses to hypoxic conditions. Our data revealed that CoCl2 induced cell growth inhibition and the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α in SH-SY5Y cells. Exposure to CoCl2 elicits excessive accumulation of cytosolic and mitochondrial ROS in SH-SY5Y cells. CoCl2-induced hypoxia not only activated the intrinsic (caspases-3, -7, and -9) apoptotic pathway but also induced caspase-3/GSDME-dependent and NLRP3/caspase-1/GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis in SH-SY5Y cells. Importantly, inhibition of caspase-3 and -1 using selective inhibitors ameliorated pyroptotic cell death and downregulated GSDM protein expression. Additionally, treatment with a ROS scavenger significantly suppressed caspase- and pyroptosis-related proteins in CoCl2-treated SH-SY5Y cells. Our findings indicate that hypoxia-mediated ROS production plays an important role in the activation of both apoptosis and pyroptosis in SH-SY5Y neuronal cells, thus providing a potential therapeutic strategy for hypoxia-related neurological diseases.


Assuntos
Cobalto , Neuroblastoma , Piroptose , Humanos , Piroptose/fisiologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Gasderminas , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Hipóxia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Caspase 1/metabolismo
18.
Sci Total Environ ; 919: 170699, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38325474

RESUMO

During feeding process in intensive chicken farms, the prolonged exposure of chickens to elevated level of ammonia leads to substantial economic losses within poultry farming industry. Luteolin (Lut), known as its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, possesses the ability to eliminate free radicals and enhance the activities of antioxidant enzymes, thus rendering it highly esteemed in production. The objective of this study was to examine the effects of Lut on antioxidant and anti-inflammatory responses of chicken splenic lymphocytes exposed to ammonia. In order to achieve this, we have replicated a protective model involving Lut against ammonia exposure in chicken splenic lymphocytes. The findings of the study indicated that Lut mitigated the elevation of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by ammonia poisoning. Additionally, Lut demonstrated an increase in the expression of antioxidant enzymes, namely superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px). Furthermore, Lut exhibited a protective effect on cell morphology and ultrastructure following exposure to ammonia. Moreover, Lut exhibited a reduction in the expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs) and inflammatory cytokines, which were found to be highly expressed in splenic lymphocytes after ammonia exposure. Additionally, Lut demonstrated the ability to inhibit the overexpression of pyroptosis-related genes and proteins (NLRP3 and Caspase-1) in splenic lymphocytes following ammonia exposure. Lut exerted an antioxidant effect on lymphocytes, counteracting elevated levels of oxidative stress following exposure to ammonia. Additionally, Lut had the potential to modulate the expression of HSPs, suppressed the inflammatory response subsequent to ammonia exposure, and influenced the expression of NLRP3 and Caspase-1, thereby mitigating pyroptosis induced by ammonia exposure. The exploration of this subject matter can elucidate the protective properties of Lut against NH4Cl-induced damage in chicken splenic lymphocytes, while also offer insights and experimental groundwork for the utilization of natural therapeutics in animal husbandry to prevent and treat ammonia-related conditions.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , NF-kappa B , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Caspase 1/farmacologia , Piroptose , Luteolina/metabolismo , Luteolina/farmacologia , Amônia/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Galinhas/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Anti-Inflamatórios/metabolismo , Linfócitos
19.
Discov Med ; 36(181): 385-392, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38409843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), recognized as a chronic liver condition, has emerged as one of the most prevalent worldwide. This study explores the impact of artesunate (ART) on lipid accumulation and inflammatory factors within NAFLD model cells. METHODS: LO2 cells were subjected to treatment with oleic acid (OA) to establish NAFLD cell model. Subsequently, these cells were categorized into distinct groups: a control group, an OA group, an OA + 2.5 µm ART group, and an OA + 5 µm ART group. The activity of LO2 cells was determined using the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) method. The presence of intracellular lipid droplets was examined through oil red O staining. Levels of triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were evaluated using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Additionally, the protein expressions of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain (NOD), leucine-rich repeat (LRR), and pyrin domain-containing protein 3 (NLRP3), Cleaved caspase-1, N-terminus of Gasdermin-D (GSDMD-N), and apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase activation and recruitment domain (ASC) were measured via Western blot assay. RESULTS: In comparison to the control group, the OA group exhibited a significant increase in the contents of lipid droplets, TC, and TG (p < 0.01). Notably, ART effectively reversed the impact of OA (p < 0.01). Following OA stimulation, there was a pronounced elevation in the levels of IL-6 (p < 0.01), IL-1ß (p < 0.01), and TNF-α (p < 0.05). In comparison to the OA group, the 2.5 µm ART group showed no significant difference in TNF-α content (p > 0.05), while the 5 µm ART group significantly reduced TNF-α content (p < 0.05). Furthermore, both the 2.5 µm ART (p < 0.05) and 5 µm ART (p < 0.01) groups notably reduced IL-1ß and IL-6 content. When compared to the control group, the expressions of NLRP3, ASC, GSDMD-N, and Cleaved caspase-1 in the OA group significantly increased (p < 0.01). ART, however, mitigated this heightened expression trend (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: ART demonstrated a reduction in TC and TG content, improvement in the deposit of intracellular lipid droplets, and a decrease in the release of inflammatory factors in LO2 cells. This effect was achieved through the regulation of the NLRP3 inflammasome, presenting a novel approach to the treatment of NAFLD.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Artesunato , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Interleucina-6 , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Lipídeos
20.
Mol Biol Rep ; 51(1): 351, 2024 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400865

RESUMO

The nervous system possesses the remarkable ability to undergo changes in order to store information; however, it is also susceptible to damage caused by invading pathogens or neurodegenerative processes. As a member of nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-like receptor (NLR) family, the NLRP6 inflammasome serves as a cytoplasmic innate immune sensor responsible for detecting microbe-associated molecular patterns. Upon activation, NLRP6 can recruit the adapter protein apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC) and the inflammatory factors caspase-1 or caspase-11. Consequently, inflammasomes are formed, facilitating the maturation and secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as inflammatory factors-18 (IL-18) and inflammatory factors-1ß (IL-1ß). Precise regulation of NLRP6 is crucial for maintaining tissue homeostasis, as dysregulated inflammasome activation can contribute to the development of various diseases. Furthermore, NLRP6 may also play a role in the regulation of extraintestinal diseases. In cells of the brain, such as astrocytes and neurons, NLRP6 inflammasome are also present. Here, the assembly and subsequent activation of caspase-1 mediated by NLRP6 contribute to disease progression. This review aims to discuss the structure and function of NLRP6, explain clearly the mechanisms that induce and activate NLRP6, and explore its role within the central and peripheral nervous system.


Assuntos
Inflamassomos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Humanos , Inflamassomos/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Caspase 1/metabolismo , Apoptose , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/genética , Caspases , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular
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