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1.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0299192, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38437213

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated a heightened susceptibility to cataract and glaucoma among rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients, while it remains uncertain whether RA is causally associated with cataract and glaucoma. A two-sample mendelian randomization (MR) analysis was used to investigate the causal associations between RA, cataract and glaucoma in European and East Asian populations. METHODS: In the European population, genome-wide association study (GWAS) summary statistics for cataract (372,386 individuals) and glaucoma (377,277 individuals) were obtained from the FinnGen consortium (R9), while RA summary data were derived from a meta-analysis of GWAS encompassing 97173 samples. In the East Asian population, summary data for cataract (212453 individuals), glaucoma (212453 individuals), and RA (22515 individuals) were sourced from the IEU Open GWAS project. Inverse-variance weighted (IVW, random-effects) method served as the primary analysis, complemented by MR‒Egger regression, weighted median, weighted mode and simple mode methods. Additionally, various sensitivity tests, including Cochran's Q test, MR‒Egger intercept, MR pleiotropy Residual Sum and Outlier test and leave-one-out test were performed to detect the heterogeneity, horizontal pleiotropy and stability of the analysis results. RESULTS: Following stringent screening, the number of selected instrumental variables ranged from 8 to 56. The IVW results revealed that RA had an increased risk of cataract (OR = 1.041, 95% CI = 1.019-1.064; P = 2.08×10-4) and glaucoma (OR = 1.029, 95% CI = 1.003-1.057; P = 2.94×10-2) in European populations, and RA displayed a positive association with cataract (OR = 1.021, 95% CI = 1.004-1.039; P = 1.64×10-2) in East Asian populations. Other methods also supported those results by IVW, and sensitivity tests showed that our analysis results were credible and stable. CONCLUSIONS: This study revealed a positive causality between RA and the increased risk of cataract and glaucoma, which provides guidance for the early prevention of cataracts and glaucoma in patients with RA and furnishes evidence for the impact of RA-induced inflammation on ophthalmic diseases.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Catarata , Glaucoma , Humanos , População do Leste Asiático , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Análise da Randomização Mendeliana , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/genética , Catarata/epidemiologia , Catarata/genética , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Artrite Reumatoide/genética , Inflamação
2.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 5251, 2024 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38438402

RESUMO

Congenital and infantile (CI) cataract is one of the most important and preventable cause of blindness in children, but the incidence has not been studied in Korea. We collected data from the national claims database of the National Health Insurance Service of Korea from 2002 through 2019. We identified children who underwent cataract surgery within the age of 5 years, and cumulative incidence rates were calculated for each of the three age criteria. 989 patients out of 4,221,459 births underwent surgery with CI cataract during the period. The cumulative incidence rates per 10,000 births were 1.60 (0-1 years), 2.38 (0-3 years), and 2.95 (0-5 years), respectively. The incidence peaked in the 2007 birth cohort, which coincides with the start of the national screening program for infants/children. Primary intraocular lens implantation was performed in 439 patients (44%). Strabismus and glaucoma requiring surgery occurred in 291 patients (29.4%) and 32 patients (3.2%), respectively, within 8 years after cataract surgery. The incidence rates of CI cataract in Korea appear to be comparable to previous studies in other regions. The early screening program for infants may reduce delayed diagnosis and increase the proportion of patients undergoing surgery at a critical time for visual development.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Oftalmologia , Criança , Lactente , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Incidência , Catarata/epidemiologia , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
3.
Ann Glob Health ; 90(1): 20, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495416

RESUMO

Objective: To map ophthalmologist locations and surgical practices as they vary sub-nationally within Honduras to maximize the impact of efforts to develop cataract surgical capacity. Methods: An anonymous survey was sent to all Honduran ophthalmologists with questions on surgical volume, department-level location, type of facility in which they work, surgical methods, and age. Surgical volume, population, and poverty data sourced through the Oxford Poverty Human Development Initiative were mapped at the department level, and cataract surgical rates (CSR; surgeries per million population per year) were calculated and mapped. Results: Sixty-one of the 102 Honduran ophthalmologists contacted responded. Of those, 85% perform cataract surgery, and 49% work at least part time in a non-profit or governmental facility. Honduras has fewer surgical ophthalmologists per million than the global average, and though national CSR appears to be increasing, it varies significantly between departments. The correlation between CSR and poverty is complex, and outliers provide valuable insights. Conclusion: Mapping ophthalmological surgical practices as they relate to population and poverty at a sub-national level provides important insights into geographic trends in the need for and access to eye care. Such insights can be used to guide efficient and effective development of cataract surgical capacity.


Assuntos
Catarata , Oftalmologia , Médicos , Humanos , Honduras/epidemiologia , Catarata/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos
4.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6725, 2024 03 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509142

RESUMO

Globally, there has been a dramatic increase in the geriatric population. Sadly, this populace is highly prone to develop various ocular morbidities putting pressure on the strained eye care delivery system especially in low-income countries. Hence, the aim of this study was to determine the distribution of ocular morbidities among elderly. The study was a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at Mzuzu Central Hospital in Malawi. We retrieved data from the hospital's Ophthalmology out-patient registry from January 2021 to December 2021. We recruited all 970 elderly patients who visited the clinic during the period of study. Data entry and analysis was done employing SPSS (v.26). More males than females had ocular morbidities. Cataract 400 (41.2%) was the most prevalent ocular morbidity followed by glaucoma 189 (19.5%), pinguecula 48 (4.9%) and allergic conjunctivitis 43 (4.4%). Anterior segment eye diseases were common 714 (73.6%). The prevalence of cataract, glaucoma, refractive error and allergic conjunctivitis was significantly associated with sex (p < 0.05). Age association was found with the prevalence of cataract, glaucoma, pinguecula, allergic conjunctivitis and corneal scar (p < 0.05). The pattern of eye diseases is endemic to the country. More resources should be targeting cataract and glaucoma among the age group.


Assuntos
Catarata , Conjuntivite Alérgica , Oftalmopatias , Glaucoma , Pinguécula , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Malaui/epidemiologia , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Catarata/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Pacientes Ambulatoriais
5.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0298960, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38527026

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The increasing prevalence of refractive error has become a serious health issue that needs serious attention. However, there are few studies regarding the prevalence and associated factors of refractive error at the community level in Ethiopia as well as in the study area. Therefore, providing updated data is crucial to reduce the burdens of refractive error in the community. OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of refractive error among adults in Hawassa City, South Ethiopia, 2023. METHOD: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted on 951 adults using a multistage sampling technique from May 8 to June 8, 2023, in Hawassa City, South Ethiopia. A pretested, structured questionnaire combined with an ocular examination and a refraction procedure was used to collect data. The collected data from the Kobo Toolbox was exported to a statistical package for social sciences for analysis. Binary and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed. A P-value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant in the multivariable analysis. RESULT: A total of 894 study participants were involved in this study with a 94.1% response rate. The prevalence of refractive error was 12.3% (95% CI: 10.2, 14.5%). Regular use of electronic devices (adjusted odds ratio = 3.64, 95% CI: 2.25, 5.91), being diabetic (adjusted odds ratio = 4.02, 95% CI: 2.16, 7.48), positive family history of refractive error (adjusted odds ratio = 2.71, 95% CI 1.59, 4.61) and positive history of cataract surgery (adjusted odds ratio = 5.17, 95% CI 2.19, 12.4) were significantly associated with refractive error. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION: The overall magnitude of refractive error in our study area was high. Regular use of electronic devices, being diabetic, positive family history of refractive error, and a positive history of cataract surgery were associated with refractive error.


Assuntos
Catarata , Diabetes Mellitus , Erros de Refração , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Catarata/epidemiologia
6.
Int Ophthalmol ; 44(1): 151, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507136

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To identify the rate and characteristics of cataract surgery candidates suitable for multifocal intraocular lens implantation among patients undergoing preoperative evaluation in a public hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Screening was performed based on the patient's medical records, comprehensive ophthalmic examination, optical biometry (Zeiss, IOL Master 700) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) (Heidelberg, OCT Spectralis) in accordance with the relevant indications and contraindications mentioned in the pertinent literature. Patients were included in the present study if they were eligible for bilateral cataract surgery. The exclusion criteria were the presence of central nervous system or motility issues, prior refractive surgery, the presence of astigmatism greater than 1 dioptre and/or the presence of important ocular comorbidities in either eye. RESULTS: The study evaluated 1200 consecutive patients. Four hundred thirty-two patients (36%) were not eligible for bilateral surgery and were excluded from the study. Of the 768 patients included in the present study, 346 (45.1%) were considered suitable candidates. Four hundred twenty-two patients (54.9%) were excluded for one or both eyes. Among them, 121 (28.7%) were excluded because of retinal disease, 120 (28.4%) because of regular astigmatism (> 1.0 D of corneal astigmatism), 32 (7.5%) because of pseudoexfoliation or zonular instability, and 30 (7.1%) because of glaucoma or ocular hypertension; in addition, 90 (21.3%) patients were excluded for multiple reasons. Suitable candidates were significantly younger (70 and 75 years, respectively) (p < 0.001). After being informed about the potential risks and benefits of MOIL implantation, 212 of 346 (83.8%) eligible patients provided consent. CONCLUSION: Close to half of cataract patients in a public hospital were eligible for MOIL implantation, and the majority of patients would proceed to surgery. The most prevalent contraindication was macular disease.


Assuntos
Astigmatismo , Catarata , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular/métodos , Lentes Intraoculares/efeitos adversos , Acuidade Visual , Facoemulsificação/métodos , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/epidemiologia , Refração Ocular
8.
J Nutr ; 154(4): 1404-1413, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432561

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Blueberries and anthocyanins, their key bioactive component, may improve eye health. However, few long-term studies have examined blueberries and anthocyanins with cataract and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prospective association between blueberry and anthocyanin intake with incident cataract, total AMD, and visually significant AMD among middle-aged and older women. METHODS: A total of 36,653 and 35,402 women initially free of AMD and cataract, respectively, aged ≥45 y from the Women's Health Study provided semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire data on blueberry intake categorized as none, 1-3 servings/mo, 1 serving/wk, or ≥2 servings/wk, plus a combined category of ≥1 serving/wk. Total anthocyanin intake and major subclasses were energy-adjusted and categorized into quintiles. Self-reported risk factors of eye disease were adjusted in multivariable hazard ratios (HRs) (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) of confirmed cataract, AMD, and visually significant AMD with mean follow-up of 11 y. RESULTS: Among the participants, 10.5% consumed ≥1 serving/wk of blueberries, with mean total anthocyanin intake of 11.2 mg/d. Compared to no blueberry intake, women consuming 1-3 servings/mo, 1 serving/wk, and ≥2 servings/wk had corresponding multivariable HRs of total AMD of 0.90 (95% CI: 0.73, 1.11), 0.71 (95% CI: 0.50, 1.00), and 0.36 (95% CI: 0.14, 0.93) (Ptrend = 0.011); those consuming ≥1 servings/wk had an HR of 0.68 (95% CI: 0.47, 0.98). A similar magnitude of HRs were found for visually significant AMD (Ptrend = 0.012) but not for cataract. There were no significant associations between increasing total anthocyanin quintiles and total and visually significant AMD, but there was a modest inverse association with cataract (Ptrend = 0.022), driven by a 10% reduction in cataract in the upper 2 quintiles. CONCLUSIONS: Greater blueberry intake significantly reduced total AMD, but not visually significant AMD or cataract. However, the magnitude of effect for visually significant AMD was similar to total AMD. There was a modest but significant inverse association between dietary anthocyanin intake with cataract but not AMD.


Assuntos
Mirtilos Azuis (Planta) , Catarata , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Antocianinas , Seguimentos , Fatores de Risco , Catarata/epidemiologia , Catarata/prevenção & controle
9.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1289188, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38406497

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of cataract-induced visual disability and its association with individual-level socioeconomic status (SES) among older adults in China. Methods: Using the data of 354,743 older adults (60 years and older) from the Second China National Sample Survey on Disability in 2006. Cross-sectional study design was applied. The differences in visual disability prevalence of cataracts among sociodemographic subgroups were analyzed by the chi-square test, and the association between individual-level SES and cataract-induced visual disability was investigated by the multivariate logistic regression model. Results: The weighted visual disability prevalence of cataracts was 4.84% in 2006. Older people with a higher household income per capita (OR = 0.83, 95% CI: 0.81-0.85), higher education level (primary school vs. illiteracy: OR = 0.80, 95% CI: 0.76-0.83; ≥undergraduate college vs. illiteracy: OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.25-0.39), and occupation (OR = 0.53, 95% CI: 0.50-0.56) were less likely to suffer from cataract-induced visual disability. Household income per capita and education level increase played a greater role in decreasing the risk of visual disability caused by cataracts in urban areas, while having occupation contributed more to reducing the risk of disability in rural areas. Conclusion: The gap in individual-level SES is closely related to the visual health inequities among older Chinese people and there are two distinct mechanisms in rural and urban areas. Strategies to promote collaborative healthcare development regionally, strengthen safeguards for disadvantaged groups, and increase public awareness of visual disability prevention are warranted.


Assuntos
Catarata , População do Leste Asiático , Transtornos da Visão , Idoso , Humanos , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/economia , Catarata/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Pessoas com Deficiência , Classe Social , China/epidemiologia
10.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 174, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374002

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The kidney and eyes share common pathways and are thought to be closely connected. Chronic kidney disease and major eye diseases, such as cataract and glaucoma, are strongly associated with age. However, further investigation is needed to understand the joint impact of age and kidney diseases on eye diseases. In this study, we assessed the risk of eye diseases in relation to age and kidney failure in Taiwanese adults. METHODS: Our study included 127,561 cancer-free volunteers aged 30 to 70 years who participated in the Taiwan Biobank (TWB) project from 2008 to 2020. Information on the main exposures (kidney failure and age) and the outcome (eye diseases, including glaucoma, cataract, xerophthalmia, and retinal detachment) was collected through questionnaires. RESULTS: In general, kidney failure and older age were independently associated with a higher risk of eye, particularly cataract and retinal detachment: prevalence odds ratio (POR); 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.480; 1.635-3.761 for cataract and 3.885; 1.968-7.666 for retinal detachment. A significant interaction between kidney failure and age on cataract was observed (p-value = 0.0002). Age-stratified analysis revealed a higher risk of cataract among patients with kidney failure aged below 50 (POR = 6.534; 95% CI = 2.493-17.124) and between 50 and 60 years (POR = 3.957; 95%CI = 1.986-7.881). Combining kidney failure and age (reference: no kidney failure and age < 50 years), kidney failure in all age groups was associated with a higher risk of cataract. The PORs; 95% CIs were 10.725; 4.227-27.211 for patients below 50 years, 28.487; 14.270-56.866 for those aged 50-60 years, and 43.183; 24.434-72.824 for those > 60 years. Combining cataract and age (reference: no cataract and age < 50 years), patients below 50 years had the highest risk of kidney failure (POR; 95% CI = 9.510; 3.722-24.297). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that age and kidney failure may jointly contribute to eye diseases, particularly cataract. The association between cataract and kidney failure could be bidirectional, especially in individuals below 50 years. This significant bidirectional relationship underscores the need for screening patients with cataract for kidney failure and vice versa, particularly in younger adults.


Assuntos
Catarata , Glaucoma , Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Descolamento Retiniano , Humanos , Descolamento Retiniano/epidemiologia , Catarata/diagnóstico , Catarata/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Risco
12.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 409, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331775

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With a rising prevalence of age-related eye diseases, prevention and early diagnosis of these conditions are key goals of public eye health. Disease-related knowledge in the general public supports these goals but there is little data available. Thus, we have assessed knowledge of cataract, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and diabetic eye disease in the German adult general population in a cross-sectional study and identified target groups for health education interventions. METHODS: Knowledge assessment content was identified based on a literature review, expert input, and a list of items was generated after a qualitative selection process. The resulting 16-item instrument (4 items per condition) was administered to 1,008 participants from a survey panel, demographically representative of the adult German population. Test properties were evaluated based on a Rasch model and multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). Binary-logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate associations with age, sex, education level, employment status, marital status, income, reported health status, visual difficulties, and recent general practitioner (GP) and ophthalmologist consultations. RESULTS: Replies were correct for a median of 9 out of 16 (range 2 - 16) items, which differed between conditions (p < 0.0001). Most responses were correct for cataract items (median: 3 / 4) and least were correct for AMD items (median: 2 / 4). 27%, 9%, 1% and 19% of respondents replied correctly to all cataract, glaucoma, AMD and diabetic eye disease-related items, respectively. Rasch analysis suggested an adequate targeting of items and in MCA, no evidence of multidimensionality was present. Older age, being retired, decreased general health and recent GP or ophthalmology consultations were significantly associated with more knowledge about common eye conditions (p ≤ 0.005). GP or ophthalmology consultations remained significant in a multivariable model (p ≤ 0.011). CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge gaps regarding eye health are considerable in the German general population and should therefore be addressed in educational interventions targeting the public. Special attention when designing such campaigns needs to be paid to infrequent users of the healthcare system. Knowledge of AMD seems to be poorer compared to other eye conditions.


Assuntos
Catarata , Diabetes Mellitus , Oftalmopatias , Glaucoma , Degeneração Macular , Adulto , Humanos , Catarata/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Oftalmopatias/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/epidemiologia , Glaucoma/complicações , Degeneração Macular/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Masculino , Feminino
13.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 13(1): 100002, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38383074

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the current prevalence and causes of moderate and severe visual impairment (MSVI) and blindness in elderly people in suburban Shanghai, China. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on the population was conducted, which involved 5846 individuals (11,692 eyes) aged 65 years or older. Thorough eye examinations were performed to assess the prevalence and leading factors of MSVI (BCVA <20/63 to ≥20/400) and blindness (BCVA <20/400). RESULTS: The standardized prevalence of bilateral MSVI and blindness was 3.3% and 0.6%, correspondingly. The standardized prevalence of monocular MSVI and blindness was 7.4% and 2.0%, correspondingly. Cataract (47.9% and 20.7%, correspondingly) and myopic macular degeneration (MMD, 25.7% and 31.1%, correspondingly) were the principal causes of bilateral MSVI and blindness. As for monocular MSVI, the primary causes were cataract (39.4%), age-related macular degeneration (AMD, 16.6%), and MMD (16.6%). The primary causes of monocular blindness were other posterior segment eye diseases (30.1%) and MMD (14.2%). In adults aged 65-74 years, MMD was the foremost factor causing bilateral vision impairment. Conversely, cataract was identified as the primary cause of bilateral and monocular vision impairment among adults aged ≥ 75 years. AMD accounts for a significant proportion of individuals across all age groups. CONCLUSIONS: The significant prevalence of MSVI and blindness among Chinese adults represents a critical public health issue. In addition to cataract, the vision impairment caused by MMD and AMD become an important issue in the elderly Chinese people.


Assuntos
Cegueira , Catarata , População do Leste Asiático , Degeneração Macular , Transtornos da Visão , Baixa Visão , Idoso , Humanos , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/etiologia , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Degeneração Macular/complicações , Degeneração Macular/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Baixa Visão/epidemiologia , Baixa Visão/etiologia
14.
Lakartidningen ; 1212024 02 14.
Artigo em Sueco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369864

RESUMO

This review summarizes data collected by the Swedish National Cataract Register (NCR), which by the end of 2022 contained data on more than 2.6 million cataract surgeries between 1992-2022. During these 31 years, the cataract surgery rate (CSR) rose from 3 700 to 14 407. The coverage of NCR is very high, including 93% of all cataract procedures in Sweden during the last decade. A clear trend is that the procedure is performed in eyes with increasingly high visual acuity. The proportion of patients with Snellen 0.5 or worse in the first eye at surgery has decreased from 88% in 2007 to 69% in 2022. Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROM) have been registered with the Catquest-9SF questionnaire since 2008, demonstrating stable favorable outcomes. Surgical complications have decreased; endophthalmitis has decreased from 0.10% to below 0.02%, and posterior capsule rupture from 2.8% to 0.6%.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Humanos , Suécia/epidemiologia , Extração de Catarata/métodos , Catarata/epidemiologia , Acuidade Visual , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 77, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38167592

RESUMO

This study examined the link between fatty liver disease (FLD) and cataracts, as previous research has suggested that FLD may contribute to metabolic syndrome, systemic inflammation, and potentially cataracts. We studied a nationwide cross-sectional cohort of the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2010-2011. FLD was defined as nonalcoholic FLD (NAFLD) and metabolic dysfunction-associated FLD (MAFLD). Multinomial logistic regression was utilized to investigate the relationship between cataracts and FLD after adjustment for potential confounders. Participants with cataracts had higher liver fibrosis scores, including the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS; P < 0.001), fibrosis-4 index (FIB4; P < 0.001), and fatty liver index (FLI; P = 0.001). NAFLD was not associated with a higher odds ratio (OR) for cataracts in the fully adjusted model (OR = 1.23, P = 0.058). MAFLD was significantly associated with a higher OR (OR = 1.34, P = 0.006). After adjusting for all factors, the severity of FLD was linked to an increased risk of cataracts, with significant linear trends (P values for linear trends of NFS, FIB4, and FLI < 0.05). After adjusting for well-known cataract risk factors, MAFLD was significantly associated with cataracts. Our analysis suggests that FLD may serve as an independent risk factor for cataracts.


Assuntos
Catarata , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Humanos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/complicações , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos Nutricionais , Catarata/epidemiologia , Catarata/complicações , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fibrose , Cirrose Hepática/complicações
16.
Transl Vis Sci Technol ; 13(1): 9, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38224327

RESUMO

Purpose: The Consortium of Student-Led Eye Clinics (CSLEC), founded in 2021, administered a comprehensive survey to document the types of services, most common diagnoses, and follow-up care protocols offered by student-led free vision screening programs (SLFVSP) in the United States. Methods: An 81-question institutional review board (IRB)-approved survey was administered to student-led vision screening eye clinics from October 1, 2022 to February 24, 2023. Results: Sixteen SLFVSPs were included in the final analysis, of which 81% (n = 13) conducted variations of fundoscopic examinations and 75% (n = 12) measured intraocular pressure. Cataracts and diabetic retinopathy were reported as the most frequent diagnoses by the majority of SLFVSPs (n = 9, 56%); non-mobile SLFVSPs more commonly reported cataract as a frequent diagnosis (P < 0.05). Most patients screened at participating programs were uninsured or met federal poverty guidelines. Prescription glasses were offered by 56% of the programs (n = 9). SLFVSPs that directly scheduled follow-up appointments reported higher attendance rates (66.5%) than those that only sent referrals (20%). Transportation was the most cited barrier for follow-up appointment attendance. Conclusions: SLFVSPs, one community vision screening initiative subtype, vary significantly in scope and capabilities of identifying vision threatening disease. The follow-up infrastructure is not uniformly robust and represents a key target for improving care delivery to at-risk populations. Translational Relevance: The CSLEC aims to develop a consensus-based standardization for the scope of screening services, offer guidelines for diagnostic criteria, promote real-time data stewardship, and identify means to improve follow-up care mechanisms in member communities.


Assuntos
Catarata , Retinopatia Diabética , Seleção Visual , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Exame Físico , Catarata/diagnóstico , Catarata/epidemiologia , Pressão Intraocular
17.
PLoS One ; 19(1): e0297052, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38236924

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the differential association of myopia with major non-communicable ocular diseases in an African clinical cohort. METHODS: A five-year hospital-based retrospective study of myopia cases. Patients' folders, Optical Coherence Tomography scans, and fundus photographs were reviewed for the abstraction of relevant data. Only records that employed recognized standards and classification systems for diagnosing and staging the various ocular conditions were included. Demographic characteristics, non-cycloplegic objective refractive findings, and non-communicable eye diseases were retrieved from the records. Myopia-associated risk factors were then determined using logistic regression and correlation. RESULTS: Some 16018 patients (32027 eyes) met the inclusion criteria for at least one eye comprising 50.8% males (n = 8137) and 49.2% females (n = 7881). The mean age of the patients was 43.14 ± 17.88 years (range: 2-98 years). The mean spherical equivalent± Standard deviation for myopia was -2.30±3.23 DS (range: -0.50 to -25DS). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that myopic eyes had a higher odd of AC (OR, 0.53; 95% CI, 0.50-0.57), POAG (OR, 6.0; 95% CI, 5.26-6.82), DR (OR, 10.70; 95% CI, 3.91-29.27) and cataracts (OR, 20; 95% CI, 15.32-26.20) but not dry eye (OR, 0.74, 95% CI, 0.68-0.81), macular degeneration and pterygium (OR, 0.36; 95% CI, 0.32-0.40). CONCLUSION: Africans with myopia are more at risk of developing allergic conjunctivitis, cataracts, POAG, and DR but not for dry eye, macular degeneration, and pterygium.


Assuntos
Catarata , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto , Degeneração Macular , Miopia , Pterígio , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Gana/epidemiologia , Miopia/epidemiologia , Miopia/diagnóstico , Refração Ocular , Catarata/epidemiologia , Túnica Conjuntiva
18.
Life Sci Space Res (Amst) ; 40: 97-105, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38245354

RESUMO

Health effects of space radiation are a serious concern for astronauts on long-duration missions. The lens of the eye is one of the most radiosensitive tissues in the body and, therefore, ocular health risks for astronauts is a significant concern. Studies in humans and animals indicate that ionizing radiation exposure to the eye produces characteristic lens changes, termed "radiation cataract," that can affect visual function. Animal models of radiation cataractogenesis have previously utilized inbred mouse or rat strains. These studies were essential for determining morphological changes and dose-response relationships between radiation exposure and cataract. However, the relevance of these studies to human radiosensitivity is limited by the narrow phenotypic range of genetically homogeneous animal models. To model radiation cataract in genetically diverse populations, longitudinal cataract phenotyping was nested within a lifetime carcinogenesis study in male and female heterogeneous stock (HS/Npt) mice exposed to 0.4 Gy HZE ions (n = 609) or 3.0 Gy γ-rays (n = 602) and in unirradiated controls (n = 603). Cataractous change was quantified in each eye for up to 2 years using Merriam-Focht grading criteria by dilated slit lamp examination. Virtual Optomotry™ measurement of visual acuity and contrast sensitivity was utilized to assess visual function in a subgroup of mice. Prevalence and severity of posterior lens opacifications were 2.6-fold higher in HZE ion and 2.3-fold higher in γ-ray irradiated mice compared to unirradiated controls. Male mice were at greater risk for spontaneous and radiation associated cataracts. Risk for cataractogenesis was associated with family structure, demonstrating that HS/Npt mice are well-suited to evaluate genetic determinants of ocular radiosensitivity. Last, mice were extensively evaluated for cataract and tumor formation, which revealed an overlap between individual susceptibility to both cancer and cataract.


Assuntos
Catarata , Cristalino , Lesões por Radiação , Camundongos , Ratos , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Animais , Catarata/etiologia , Catarata/epidemiologia , Catarata/patologia , Lesões por Radiação/epidemiologia , Cristalino/patologia , Cristalino/efeitos da radiação , Raios gama/efeitos adversos , Íons , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação
19.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e076116, 2024 01 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38171622

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors that differentiate elderly adults in rural China who accept free vision screening and cataract surgery from those who could benefit from vision care but refuse it when offered. DESIGN: We conducted a population-based, cross-sectional study between October and December 2016. Logistic regression models were used to examine the predictors of accepting free vision screening and cataract surgery. SETTING: Rural communities in Handan, China. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 50 years or older, with presenting visual acuity ≤6/18 in the better seeing eye, suspected by examining ophthalmologist to be due to cataract. RESULTS: Among 613 persons with cataract identified on a population basis, 596 (97.2%) completed the household survey (mean (SD) age, 71.5 (10.0) years; 79.8% female). A total of 214 persons (35.9%) refused participation, while 382 (64.1%) took part in the vision screening. A total of 193 (50.5%) participants were found eligible for surgery, while 189 (49.5%) were not. Among 99 randomly selected participants who were offered immediate free surgery, surgery was accepted by 77 participants (77.8%) and refused by 22 (22.2%). In the multivariate model, being engaged in income-generating activities (p<0.01), self-reported better physical capacity (p<0.001) and having had a recent physical examination (p=0.01) were significantly associated with acceptance of vision screening. The only variable significantly associated with acceptance of surgery was presenting visual acuity, with better vision inversely associated with acceptance of surgery (p<0.05) models. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that refusal of basic eye examinations may be at least as important a determinant of low surgical rates in rural China as lack of acceptance of surgery itself.


Assuntos
Extração de Catarata , Catarata , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Catarata/diagnóstico , Catarata/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , População Rural , Acuidade Visual , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Ophthalmic Epidemiol ; 31(1): 62-69, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36872562

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and main causes of blindness and visual impairment in population aged 50 years and older in Armenia using Rapid Assessment of Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) methodology. METHODS: The study team randomly selected 50 clusters (each consisting of 50 people) from all 11 regions of Armenia. Data on participants' demographics, presenting visual acuity, pinhole visual acuity, principal cause of presenting visual acuity, spectacle coverage, uncorrected refractive error (URE), and presbyopia were collected using the RAAB survey form. Four teams of trained eye care professionals completed data collection in 2019. RESULTS: Overall, 2,258 people of 50 years and older participated in the study. The age- and gender- adjusted prevalence of bilateral blindness, severe and moderate visual impairment were 1.5% (95% CI: 1.0-2.1), 1.6% (95% CI: 1.0-2.2) and 6.6% (95% CI: 5.5-7.7), respectively.The main causes of blindness were cataract (43.9%) and glaucoma (17.1%). About 54.6% and 35.3% of participants had URE and uncorrected presbyopia, respectively. The prevalence of bilateral blindness and functional low vision increased with age and was the highest in participants 80 years and older. CONCLUSION: The rate of bilateral blindness was comparable with findings from countries that share similar background and confirmed that untreated cataract was the main cause of blindness. Given that cataract blindness is avoidable, strategies should be developed aiming to further increase the volume and quality of cataract care in Armenia.


Assuntos
Catarata , Presbiopia , Erros de Refração , Idoso , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Armênia/epidemiologia , Cegueira/epidemiologia , Cegueira/etiologia , Cegueira/prevenção & controle , Catarata/complicações , Catarata/epidemiologia , Presbiopia/complicações , Prevalência , Erros de Refração/complicações , Erros de Refração/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Transtornos da Visão/complicações , Masculino , Feminino
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