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2.
Infect Dis Poverty ; 9(1): 29, 2020 Mar 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32183901

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China beginning in December 2019. As of 31 January 2020, this epidemic had spread to 19 countries with 11 791 confirmed cases, including 213 deaths. The World Health Organization has declared it a Public Health Emergency of International Concern. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted following the methodological framework suggested by Arksey and O'Malley. In this scoping review, 65 research articles published before 31 January 2020 were analyzed and discussed to better understand the epidemiology, causes, clinical diagnosis, prevention and control of this virus. The research domains, dates of publication, journal language, authors' affiliations, and methodological characteristics were included in the analysis. All the findings and statements in this review regarding the outbreak are based on published information as listed in the references. RESULTS: Most of the publications were written using the English language (89.2%). The largest proportion of published articles were related to causes (38.5%) and a majority (67.7%) were published by Chinese scholars. Research articles initially focused on causes, but over time there was an increase of the articles related to prevention and control. Studies thus far have shown that the virus' origination is in connection to a seafood market in Wuhan, but specific animal associations have not been confirmed. Reported symptoms include fever, cough, fatigue, pneumonia, headache, diarrhea, hemoptysis, and dyspnea. Preventive measures such as masks, hand hygiene practices, avoidance of public contact, case detection, contact tracing, and quarantines have been discussed as ways to reduce transmission. To date, no specific antiviral treatment has proven effective; hence, infected people primarily rely on symptomatic treatment and supportive care. CONCLUSIONS: There has been a rapid surge in research in response to the outbreak of COVID-19. During this early period, published research primarily explored the epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestation and diagnosis, as well as prevention and control of the novel coronavirus. Although these studies are relevant to control the current public emergency, more high-quality research is needed to provide valid and reliable ways to manage this kind of public health emergency in both the short- and long-term.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Tosse/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Fadiga/etiologia , Febre/etiologia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
3.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e115-e120, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550545

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) is rare in adults comprising 5.1% of the primary central nervous system tumors. The aim is to describe the first Brazilian series of adult patients with PA and compare its features with the available literature. METHODS: We retrospectively review all patients 18 years or older with PA from our institution's database from 1991 to 2018. We analyzed information regarding clinical presentation, location, imaging features, extent of resection, adjuvant treatments, and follow-up. RESULTS: Twenty-three patients with PA were analyzed: 60.9% male; median age 26 years. The most frequent symptoms were headache (34.8%) and seizure (26.1%). Temporal and parietal lobes were the most common locations, 21.7% each. All patients underwent a surgical procedure, gross total resection in 40.9%, subtotal resection in 22.7%, and biopsy in 27.3%. Adjuvant treatment with radiotherapy was performed in 2 patients. Only 4 patients had disease progression, 2 after gross total resection and 2 after subtotal resection. They were all alive and without evidence of new progression at the last follow-up (October 2018). Median overall survival was not reached after a median follow-up time of 88.9 months. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first Brazilian series regarding adults with PA, and our patients had a favorable outcome as reported in recent literature reviews. The tumor's prevalence reduces within older patients and supratentorial lesions are more frequent, especially on the temporal lobe. There was no significant relationship between location and progression, although according to the literature the extent of resection remains the most important prognostic factor.


Assuntos
Astrocitoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Astrocitoma/complicações , Astrocitoma/epidemiologia , Astrocitoma/radioterapia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Neoplasias Encefálicas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Terapia Combinada , Irradiação Craniana , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radioterapia Adjuvante , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 66-68, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Subclavian steal phenomenon can cause retrograde flow in the vertebral artery as a result of ipsilateral occlusion of the subclavian artery. This phenomenon has various clinical presentations, such as claudication of the affected extremity or intermittent vertebrobasilar ischemia. Aneurysm formation in the spinal cord circulation is exceptionally rare but may occur secondary to collateral formation in subclavian steal syndrome. CASE DESCRIPTION: The case presented herein is a 53-year-old male who presented with headache and severe neck pain. Imaging studies revealed that the patient had subarachnoid hemorrhage in the perimedullary and cervicomedullary cisterns and extending to C3-C7 ventrally. Computed tomography angiography reconstruction demonstrated an aneurysmally dilated vessel dorsal to the C6 vertebral body within the spinal canal. Catheter-based angiography of the right subclavian artery demonstrated retrograde flow within the left vertebral artery and confirmed proximal left subclavian artery occlusion, findings diagnostic of subclavian steal. Further, a branch of the right thyrocervical trunk supplied a retrocorporeal artery collateral to the left vertebral artery, which also contributed to the anterior spinal artery. CONCLUSIONS: After endovascular coiling of the aneurysm, the patient had no neurologic deficits or postoperative complications. Postoperative angiography revealed complete obliteration with no residual aneurysm. Imaging further demonstrated patency of the radiculomedullary (anterior spinal) artery.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Roto/complicações , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/etiologia , Síndrome do Roubo Subclávio/complicações , Aneurisma Roto/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Roto/terapia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Cefaleia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/terapia , Síndrome do Roubo Subclávio/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome do Roubo Subclávio/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e633-e639, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604133

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas commonly experience headaches before and after surgery, and headaches have been reported to significantly detract from the quality of life. Despite this adverse impact, few studies have examined the prevalence and pattern of headaches on a long-term basis. Thus, this study employed a longitudinal cohort design to identify headache prevalence and severity during a 6-month postoperative period and its predictors. METHODS: Forty patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenomas who underwent transsphenoidal surgery were enrolled as subjects, and Headache Impact Test-6 (HIT-6) was performed at 4 time points: before and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. RESULTS: This study revealed that patients with nonfunctioning pituitary macroadenoma suffered from headaches at each of the 4 time points and that 37.5%, 27.8%, 17.9%, and 12.8% of the patients experienced "substantial and severe impact headaches" before and 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. In addition, total HIT-6 scores 1 month after surgery were a significant predictor (B = 0.41, P < 0.001) of headaches 3 and 6 months after surgery. Among the HIT-6 items, pain (B = 0.09, P < 0.001), cognitive function (B = 0.07, P < 0.001), and psychological distress (B = 0.07, P < 0.001) showed the greatest impact on long-term headaches. CONCLUSION: Headaches adversely affected patients even 6 months after surgery. In addition, headaches 1 month after surgery predicted the prevalence of long-term headaches at 3 and 6 months, demonstrating the importance of timely postsurgical measurement of headaches to anticipate patients' long-term headache patterns.


Assuntos
Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/cirurgia , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e121-e128, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476469

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary intraventricular hemorrhage (PIVH) is rare, and causes, characteristics, and outcomes remain unknown in children. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical characteristics of patients 1 month to 21 years of age who were admitted to the hospital with PIVH over a 7-year period. PIVH was defined as bleeding confined to the ventricular system without parenchymal or subarachnoid hemorrhage involvement. RESULTS: Of 18 included patients, 55.6% were female, and mean age was 13.8 ± 6.0 years. The most common presenting symptoms were headache (77.8%) and vomiting (33.3%). In 15 patients (83.3%), known etiologies were diagnosed, including arteriovenous malformations (66.7%), moyamoya disease (11.1%), and aneurysms (5.6%). Idiopathic PIVH was the diagnosis in 3 patients (16.7%). Surgery was performed in 15 patients (83.3%), and 3 patients (16.7%) received conservative treatment. Four patients (28.6%) had an unfavorable outcome at discharge, and 3 patients (16.7%) had an unfavorable outcome at the 3-month follow-up. Higher Graeb score was associated with an unfavorable outcome in both short-term and long-term follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Arteriovenous malformations were diagnosed in most pediatric patients with PIVH. Specific surgical treatment of underlying etiologies should be required to increase clinical improvement. Children with a higher Graeb score at admission tended to have poor early and late outcomes.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Ventrículos Cerebrais/irrigação sanguínea , Adolescente , Malformações Arteriovenosas/complicações , Dano Encefálico Crônico/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Aneurisma Intracraniano/complicações , Masculino , Doença de Moyamoya/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vômito/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e241-e251, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cystic sellar masses (CSMs) pose diagnostic and therapeutic challenges associated with subtotal cyst wall resection, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak repair, and disease recurrence. Current magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretation often cannot reliably differentiate CSMs, mandating adaptable intraoperative strategies. We reviewed our diagnostic and therapeutic experience after endoscopic endonasal approaches (EEAs) for CSMs. METHODS: A retrospective record review of patients with CSM managed via EEA at the University of Southern California from 2011 to 2018 was conducted. Patient demographics, preoperative characteristics, surgical details, pathologic findings, and postoperative outcomes were assessed. RESULTS: Analysis included 47 patients (mean age, 43.2 years); of these, 78.7% were women. Preoperative symptoms included headache (76.6%) and vision loss (42.6%). Histologically verified sellar pathology included 27 Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs) (57.4%), 17 cystic pituitary adenomas (CPAs) (36.2%), 2 arachnoid cysts (4.3%), and 1 xanthogranuloma (2.1%). Twelve patients (70.6%) with CPAs underwent complete resection and 5 (29.4%) underwent subtotal resection. All 27 patients with RCC and 2 patients with arachnoid cyst underwent complete fenestration and drainage. One xanthogranuloma was completely resected. There were 14 intraoperative (29.8%) and 4 postoperative CSF leaks (8.5%). Headaches, vision, and endocrinopathy improved in 69.2%, 80.0%, and 33.3% of patients with CPA and 73.9%, 71.4%, and 40.9% of patients with RCC, respectively. There were 2 RCC recurrences and 1 CPA recurrence over the follow-up period. CONCLUSIONS: Surgeons must prepare for versatile management strategies of CSMs based on pretest probability associated with MRI and intraoperative findings. Outcomes after EEA for CSMs show low complication profiles and excellent rates of headache and visual improvement, albeit lower rates of endocrine normalization.


Assuntos
Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Neuroimagem/métodos , Sela Túrcica , Adenoma/complicações , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Adenoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Adenoma/cirurgia , Adulto , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/complicações , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico , Cistos do Sistema Nervoso Central/diagnóstico por imagem , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/etiologia , Drenagem , Fadiga/etiologia , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Hipopituitarismo/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cavidade Nasal , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/complicações , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sela Túrcica/diagnóstico por imagem , Sela Túrcica/cirurgia , Transtornos da Visão/etiologia , Xantomatose/complicações , Xantomatose/diagnóstico , Xantomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Xantomatose/cirurgia
9.
Orv Hetil ; 160(52): 2067-2072, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868006

RESUMO

The authors present a case report of a patient who was treated conservatively for a non-specific headache for more than a decade, while an arachnoidal cyst in the middle cranial fossa, over the temporal bone tegmen was diagnosed, but ruled out as the cause of the headache. The patient was referred to our ENT department with left, purulent ear discharge. Besides a chronic purulent otitis media, a cholesterol granuloma occupying the antrum, eroding the tegmen of the pyramid bone and penetrating into the middle cranial fossa was diagnosed. Case presentation of a patient with cholesterol granuloma, surgical options, differential diagnostic problems, and a literature review are presented. Tympanoplasty with cortical mastoidectomy was carried out to treat the chronic purulent otitis media, and the cholesterol granuloma was removed during transmastoid craniotomy. The iatrogenic temporal meningo-encephalic tissue herniation was repaired and the bone defect of the tegmen was reconstructed with septal cartilage. The patient's headache diminished immediately after the surgery. The chronic ear discharge stopped, the cholesterol granuloma was excised completely and the cerebral herniation was repaired successfully. Neither CSF leak, nor further herniation or meningitis were noticed. Two years after the operation the patient is asymptomatic. A large cholesterol granuloma, eroding into the middle cranial fossa can cause serious complications, and needs a high level of attention besides individualized surgical treatment based on the surgeon's abilities and skills. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(52): 2067-2072.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Fossa Craniana Média/patologia , Granuloma/cirurgia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Otite Média/complicações , Otite Média/cirurgia , Osso Temporal , Doença Crônica , Granuloma/etiologia , Granuloma/patologia , Humanos , Otite Média/diagnóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(51): e18473, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31861028

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to determine the efficacy of preemptive analgesia with paracetamol and ibuprofen to reduce the intensity and incidence of headache and myalgia after electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). METHODS: Sixty patients with major depression who were treated with ECT were randomized to receive ECT 3 times a week. The first 3 sessions were included in the study. The patients were divided into 3 groups; Group C (Control, Saline, n = 20), Group P (Paracetamol, n = 20), and Group I (Ibuprofen, n = 20). Demographics, duration of seizure, visual analog scale (VAS) for headache and myalgia and nausea, vomiting and pruritus were evaluated at postoperative 24 hours period. RESULTS: Duration of seizure after ECT was similar in all groups (P = .148). In the study, heart rate and mean arterial pressure were found to be some changes in some of the sessions. There were no significant differences in any comparison for all groups in all sessions regarding VAS scores for headache and myalgia. Incidence of headache and myalgia in Group I was lower than the other groups (P = .233, P = .011, respectively). But, there was no significant difference between the other groups. There was no significant difference in vomiting, intergroups, and intragroup. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of our study indicate that pain intensity of headache and myalgia did not show a significant change between groups and within groups. While pain intensity of myalgia between the groups reached no statistical significance, ibuprofen was significantly lowered the incidence of myalgia at postoperative 24 hours period.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/administração & dosagem , Eletroconvulsoterapia/efeitos adversos , Cefaleia/prevenção & controle , Mialgia/prevenção & controle , Acetaminofen/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mialgia/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 317, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692756

RESUMO

Empty sella syndrome is a condition in which the sella turcica is partially or totally filled with cerebrospinal fluid causing a displacement of the pituitary gland. We here report the case of a 49-year old obese patient with progressive headaches, physical asthenia and hypothyroidism. Brain scanner showed empty sella syndrome.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Síndrome da Sela Vazia/diagnóstico , Obesidade/complicações , Astenia/etiologia , Síndrome da Sela Vazia/fisiopatologia , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Hipotireoidismo/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 268, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692804

RESUMO

Occipital condyle syndrome is a rare clinical disorder, clinically defined by the association of intense occipital headaches and paralysis of the twelfth paired cranial nerve. Its etiology is dominated by metastatic tumor. Imaging is the gold standard for diagnosis allowing to highlight occipital condyle lesion as weel as to find out primary tumor. Treatment is based on pain relief using analgesics, corticosteroids and very often, external radiotherapy. On the other hand, treatment of metastatic tumor is based on cytotoxic chemotherapy, targeted therapies or immunotherapy depending on the molecular profile of the primary tumor.


Assuntos
Cefaleia/etiologia , Osso Occipital/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Base do Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Síndrome
15.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 4, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762873

RESUMO

Epidermoid cysts (ECs) are benign lesions that can be encountered throughout the body, but with a low incidence in the head and neck (1.6 to 7%). In oral cavity, the most common affected site is floor of the mouth, but tonsillar location remains extremely rare (less than 0.01%). Here we present an epidermoid cyst of the right palatine tonsil which was incidentally detected in a patient who consulted for a chronic headache.


Assuntos
Cisto Epidérmico/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Tonsila Palatina/patologia , Adulto , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos
16.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 23, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31762892

RESUMO

Central nervous system tuberculosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Intracranial tuberculoma is rare and is one of the most severe cases of tuberculosis. We present two cases. The first one is about a girl of 7 years, followed for 5 months for lymph nodes tuberculosis on anti-TB treatment that presents generalized tonic-clonic seizures associated with progressive intracranial hypertension syndrome. Brain MRI has objectified necrotic nodules in left hemisphere. The surgical approach of the lesions was direct with complete excision. The diagnosis of tuberculoma was confirmed by anatomopathological examination. The second case is about a 6-year-old girl with no particular medical history, which presents for three months progressive and treatment-resistant cervico-occipital headaches associated with walking difficulties. The MRI objectified left cerebellar tumor process interpreted preoperatively as medulloblastoma. The patient was operated on intraoperative, appearance was that of a nodular lesion. Anatomopathological examination confirmed the diagnosis. The intracranial tuberculoma is an unusual variety of the central nervous system tuberculosis and remains a topical issue in Morocco. The prognosis depends on prompt diagnosis, quality of surgical resection and anti-TB treatment. The diagnostic confirmation is histological and should therefore be evoked infront of any intracranial process mimicking a brain tumor.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Tuberculoma Intracraniano/diagnóstico , Criança , Terapia Combinada , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Meduloblastoma/diagnóstico , Convulsões/etiologia , Tuberculoma Intracraniano/terapia
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18130, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770245

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Almost 40% of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) report headache after 5 years, making it one of the most common persistent symptoms besides neck pain, but randomized treatment studies are lacking. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of 3 different exercise approaches on headache in chronic WAD grades 2 and 3, and to identify potential factors associated with such headache, and whether they differ depending on 3 different aspects of such headache (current headache, maximum headache, or headache bothersomeness). METHODS: This was an analysis of a randomized clinical trial of people with chronic WAD and headache (n = 188), who were randomized to either 12 weeks of neck-specific exercise without (NSE) or with a behavioral approach (NSEB) or physical activity prescription (PPA). Data were collected at baseline and at 3, 6, and 12 months. Physical and psychosocial factors were tested for association with headache. Multivariate regression models and linear mixed models were used. RESULTS: The NSE/NSEB groups reported reduced headache both over time and compared to PPA. Up to 51% (NSE) and 61% (NSEB) reported at least 50% reduction in their headache at 12 months. The PPA group was not improved over time. Neck pain and dizziness were associated with headache regardless of aspect of headache. The only associated psychosocial factor was anxiety, which was associated with headache bothersomeness. Other factors were mainly physical, and up to 51% of the variance was explained. CONCLUSION: Headache in chronic WAD, may be reduced with neck-specific exercise with or without a behavioral approach. Chronic headache was associated with neck pain and dizziness regardless of aspect tested. Other factors associated with headache in chronic WAD were mainly physical rather than psychosocial. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: Clinical Trials.gov, no: NCT015285.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Cefaleia/terapia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Traumatismos em Chicotada/terapia , Adulto , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/terapia , Doença Crônica , Terapia Combinada , Tontura/etiologia , Tontura/terapia , Exercício , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Cervicalgia/psicologia , Análise de Regressão , Resultado do Tratamento , Traumatismos em Chicotada/complicações , Traumatismos em Chicotada/psicologia
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1508, 2019 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Noise exposure is considered a stressor that may potentially exert negative health effects among the exposed individuals. On a population basis, the most prevalent and immediate response to noise is annoyance, which is an individually experienced phenomenon that may activate physiological stress-responses and result in both physical and mental symptoms. Health implications of traffic noise have been investigated thoroughly, but not of neighbour noise. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between neighbour noise annoyance and eight different physical and mental health symptoms. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Danish Health and Morbidity Survey 2017 were used. The present study included a random sample of 3893 adults living in multi-storey housing. Information on neighbour noise annoyance and various health symptoms (e.g. pain in various body parts, headache, sleeping problems, depression, and anxiety) during the past two weeks was obtained by self-administered questionnaires. The question on neighbour noise annoyance and health symptoms, respectively, had three possible response options: 'Yes, very annoyed/bothered', 'Yes, slightly annoyed/bothered', 'No'. The associations between neighbour noise annoyance and very bothering physical and mental health symptoms were investigated using multiple logistic regression models. RESULTS: Being very annoyed by neighbour noise was significantly associated with higher odds of being very bothered by all eight health symptoms (adjusted OR = 1.73-3.32, all p-values < 0.05) compared to individuals not annoyed by noise from neighbours. Statistically significant interactions were observed between sex and two of the eight health symptoms. Among women, a strong association was observed between neighbour noise annoyance and being very bothered by pain or discomfort in the shoulder or neck, and in the arms, hands, legs, knees, hips or joints. Among men, no associations were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the findings from this study, neighbour noise annoyance is strongly associated with eight different physical and mental health symptoms. Future studies are encouraged to 1) determine the direction of causality using a longitudinal design, 2) explore the biological mechanisms explaining the sex-specific impact of neighbour noise annoyance on symptoms of musculoskeletal pain or discomfort and the other outcomes as well.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental , Habitação , Ruído/efeitos adversos , Características de Residência , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dinamarca , Depressão/etiologia , Feminino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ruído dos Transportes/efeitos adversos , Razão de Chances , Dor/etiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(11): 1564-1569, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31719278

RESUMO

Background: Although the most popular anesthesia technique for cesarean is spinal anesthesia, its most common complication is post-dural puncture headache (PDPH). Aim: We aimed to determine the effect of median and paramedian approaches during spinal anesthesia on PDPH in patients undergoing cesarean section. Subjects and Methods: 200 pregnant women between the ages of 19-45 years, ASA physical status II, scheduled to undergo elective cesarean section under spinal anesthesia, were studied. The patients were randomized into two groups: Group M; (n = 100) spinal anesthesia with the median approach, Group PM; (n = 100) spinal anesthesia with paramedian approach. The patients were questioned for the possible occurrence of PDPH on the first, third and seventh postoperative days. A telephone follow-up call was used if the hospital stay was shorter than seven days. Post-dural puncture headache was evaluated according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-III) diagnostic criteria. Normally distributed data were summarized using mean and standard deviation. Skewed data were summarized using median (range). Results: A total of 200 patients completed the study. There were no statistically different between the groups by comparing the incidence and characteristics of PDPH (32% vs. 28%, P = 0.548). Most patients rated their pain intensity during PDPH as mild to moderate in both groups (p = 0.721). PDPH onset time was 2 (1-4) days in Group PM versus 3 (1-7) days in Group M (p = 0.173). No patient needed for epidural blood patch in both groups. Conclusions: Spinal anesthesia with a median or paramedian approach at cesarean section has no effect on the incidence of PDPH, but we believe that there has been a need for further studies with larger or different patient populations.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia/efeitos adversos , Cesárea , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia Pós-Punção Dural/epidemiologia , Punção Espinal/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Anestesia Obstétrica , Feminino , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cefaleia Pós-Punção Dural/complicações , Gravidez , Punção Espinal/métodos , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 28(12): 104443, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31611169

RESUMO

We herein report the case of a 45-year-old woman who developed a continuous hemicranial headache subsequent to vertebral artery dissection (VAD). After remission of VAD, the patient repeatedly experienced right forehead and temporal region throbbing headache, accompanied by nausea, ocular hyperemia and lacrimation of the right eye, nasal congestion, and rhinorrhea. Magnetic resonance angiography did not reveal the recurrence of dissection. Daily use of indomethacin (190.8 mg/day) showed an excellent effect on the headache, suggesting that the patient had developed hemicrania continua subsequent to VAD.


Assuntos
Cefaleia/etiologia , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/complicações , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Indometacina/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Dissecação da Artéria Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem
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