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1.
J Headache Pain ; 25(1): 72, 2024 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38714978

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the high mortality and disability rate of intracranial hemorrhage, headache is not the main focus of research on cerebral arteriovenous malformation (AVM), so research on headaches in AVM is still scarce, and the clinical understanding is shallow. This study aims to delineate the risk factors associated with headaches in AVM and to compare the effectiveness of various intervention treatments versus conservative treatment in alleviating headache symptoms. METHODS: This study conducted a retrospective analysis of AVMs who were treated in our institution from August 2011 to December 2021. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was employed to assess the risk factors for headaches in AVMs with unruptured, non-epileptic. Additionally, the effectiveness of different intervention treatments compared to conservative management in alleviating headaches was evaluated through propensity score matching (PSM). RESULTS: A total of 946 patients were included in the analysis of risk factors for headaches. Multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that female (OR 1.532, 95% CI 1.173-2.001, p = 0.002), supply artery dilatation (OR 1.423, 95% CI 1.082-1.872, p = 0.012), and occipital lobe (OR 1.785, 95% CI 1.307-2.439, p < 0.001) as independent risk factors for the occurrence of headaches. There were 443 AVMs with headache symptoms. After propensity score matching, the microsurgery group (OR 7.27, 95% CI 2.82-18.7 p < 0.001), stereotactic radiosurgery group(OR 9.46, 95% CI 2.26-39.6, p = 0.002), and multimodality treatment group (OR 8.34 95% CI 2.87-24.3, p < 0.001) demonstrate significant headache relief compared to the conservative group. However, there was no significant difference between the embolization group (OR 2.24 95% CI 0.88-5.69, p = 0.091) and the conservative group. CONCLUSIONS: This study identified potential risk factors for headaches in AVMs and found that microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and multimodal therapy had significant benefits in headache relief compared to conservative treatment. These findings provide important guidance for clinicians when developing treatment options that can help improve overall treatment outcomes and quality of life for patients.


Assuntos
Cefaleia , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas , Humanos , Feminino , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/complicações , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/terapia , Masculino , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Adolescente
2.
Cephalalgia ; 44(5): 3331024241252161, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38708967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nurses work at headache centres throughout Europe, and their care for migraine patients is acknowledged. However, the specific roles and tasks of nursing vary, and a unified understanding is lacking, posing challenges to knowledge sharing and research. OBJECTIVES: Using an e-Delphi study method, the objective is to obtain healthcare professional headache experts' opinions on nursing-specific roles and tasks and combine this into consensus statements for nurse recommendations for migraine treatment. METHODS: A three-round questionnaire study was conducted with nurses and neurologists from 18 specialised headache centres in 10 countries. In round 1, statements were compiled from a systematic examination of existing literature and expert opinions. In rounds 2 and 3, the experts rated the importance of statements (from round 1) on a 5-point Likert scale. Statements were analysed using a content analysis method, and the consensus of pre-defined statements was evaluated with gradually increased predetermined criteria using descriptive statistics. RESULTS: Twenty-one experts, representing all 10 countries, participated. The predetermined consensus of ≥70% agreement was reached for 42 out of the initial 63 statements. These statements formed the final recommendations within two themes: "The nurses' roles and tasks in the clinical setting" and "The nurses' roles and tasks in educating patients and colleagues." The consensus level of statements was strong, with 40% receiving unanimous agreement (100%) and 97% achieving relatively high agreement (>80%). CONCLUSION: Nursing plays a vital role with diverse tasks in migraine care. This study offers practical recommendations and a framework for nurses, equipping them with a clinical tool to enhance care and promote a coordinated approach to migraine treatment.


Assuntos
Consenso , Técnica Delphi , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Humanos , Europa (Continente) , Cefaleia/terapia , Cefaleia/enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/enfermagem , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/terapia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
3.
Prim Care ; 51(2): 179-193, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692769

RESUMO

Headache is consistently one of the most common complaints reported by patients in the medical setting worldwide. Headache can be a symptom of another condition or illness, secondary to the disruption of homeostasis, or can be a primary disorder with inherent variability and patterns. Headache disorders, whether primary or secondary, can cause significant disability and loss of quality of life for those affected. As such, it is important for primary care providers to feel confident evaluating and treating patients with headache, especially given the limited access to Headache Medicine subspecialists.


Assuntos
Cefaleia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Humanos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Cefaleia/terapia
4.
Continuum (Minneap Minn) ; 30(2): 438-472, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568493

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This article reviews the assessment of children and adolescents presenting with headache, provides an overview of primary headache disorders, and reviews evidence-based management of headache in this age group. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS: In the last few years, new epidemiological data have shed light on less common pediatric headache disorders (eg, pediatric trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias) and psychosocial risk factors associated with primary headache disorders in children and adolescents. There has also recently been a substantial increase in interventions that target the calcitonin gene-related peptide pathway and that treat primary headache disorders using noninvasive neuromodulation. Although these interventions have primarily been studied in adults, there is emerging evidence of their use in the pediatric population. ESSENTIAL POINTS: Primary headache disorders are very common in youth, and the most commonly encountered headache diagnosis in neurology practice is migraine, which affects approximately 10% of children and adolescents. Diagnosing and effectively treating primary headache disorders before adulthood may have a sustained impact on the patient by improving long-term headache and mental health outcomes, thereby significantly reducing the burden of disability over time. There are several available and emerging acute and preventive interventions for youth with primary headache disorders, and treatment decisions should be made in the context of available evidence using a shared decision-making approach.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Cefaleia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Cefalalgias Autonômicas do Trigêmeo , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Continuum (Minneap Minn) ; 30(2): 473-487, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568494

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The cranial neuralgias are relatively rare, but recognizing these syndromes and distinguishing among them is critical to reducing unnecessary pain and disability for affected patients. Despite their distinctive features, cranial neuralgias may go undiagnosed or misdiagnosed for several years. A notable proportion of cranial neuralgia presentations are due to secondary causes and require targeted treatment. The purpose of this article is to review the diagnosis and management of cranial neuralgias encountered in clinical practice. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS: In 2020, the International Classification of Orofacial Pain was released for the first time. Modeled after the International Classification of Headache Disorders, it includes updated terminology for cranial neuralgias. The underlying pathophysiology of the cranial neuralgias is currently believed to be rooted in both peripheral and central nociceptive systems. In addition, a growing number of familial cases are being identified. Recent therapeutic advancements include a better understanding of how to utilize older therapies and procedures more effectively as well as the development of newer approaches. ESSENTIAL POINTS: Cranial neuralgia syndromes are rare but important to recognize due to their debilitating nature and greater likelihood of having potentially treatable underlying causes. While management options have remained somewhat limited, scientific inquiry is continually advancing the understanding of these syndromes and how best to address them.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos , Transtornos da Cefaleia , Neuralgia , Humanos , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Nervos Cranianos/terapia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Neuralgia/diagnóstico , Neuralgia/terapia , Síndrome
6.
Continuum (Minneap Minn) ; 30(2): 296-324, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568485

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of patients with headache relies heavily on the history. This article reviews key questions for diagnosing primary and secondary headache disorders with a rationale for each and phrasing to optimize the information obtained and the patient's experience. LATEST DEVELOPMENTS: The availability of online resources for clinicians and patients continues to increase, including sites that use artificial intelligence to generate a diagnosis and report based on patient responses online. Patient-friendly headache apps include calendars that help track treatment response, identify triggers, and provide educational information. ESSENTIAL POINTS: A structured approach to taking the history, incorporating online resources and other technologies when needed, facilitates making an accurate diagnosis and often eliminates the need for unnecessary testing. A detailed yet empathetic approach incorporating interpersonal skills enhances relationship building and trust, both of which are integral to successful treatment.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Transtornos da Cefaleia Secundários , Humanos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia
7.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 433-471, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575259

RESUMO

Pseudotumor cerebri syndrome is a syndrome of increased cerebrospinal fluid pressure without ventriculomegaly, mass lesion, or meningeal abnormality. It is either primary (idiopathic intracranial hypertension, IIH) or secondary. A secondary cause is unlikely when adhering to the diagnostic criteria. Permanent visual loss occurs if undetected or untreated, and the associated headaches may be debilitating. Fulminant disease may result in blindness despite aggressive treatment. This study addresses the diagnosis and management of IIH including new insights into the pathobiology of IIH, updates in therapeutics and causes of overdiagnosis.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Intracraniana , Papiledema , Pseudotumor Cerebral , Humanos , Pseudotumor Cerebral/diagnóstico , Pseudotumor Cerebral/etiologia , Pseudotumor Cerebral/terapia , Hipertensão Intracraniana/complicações , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos da Visão/terapia , Síndrome , Papiledema/complicações , Papiledema/diagnóstico
8.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 521-542, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575264

RESUMO

Headaches attributed to disorders of homeostasis include those different headache types associated with metabolic and systemic diseases. These are headache disorders occurring in temporal relation to a disorder of homeostasis including hypoxia, high altitude, airplane travel, diving, sleep apnea, dialysis, autonomic dysreflexia, hypothyroidism, fasting, cardiac cephalalgia, hypertension and other hypertensive disorders like pheochromocytoma, hypertensive crisis, and encephalopathy, as well as preeclampsia or eclampsia. The proposed mechanism behind the causation of these headache subtypes including diagnostic criteria, evaluation, treatment, and overall management will be discussed.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias , Crise Hipertensiva , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Homeostase , Aeronaves , Encefalopatias/complicações
9.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 487-496, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575261

RESUMO

The prevalence of brain tumors in patients with headache is very low; however, 48% to 71% of patients with brain tumors experience headache. The clinical presentation of headache in brain tumors varies according to age; intracranial pressure; tumor location, type, and progression; headache history; and treatment. Brain tumor-associated headaches can be caused by local and distant traction on pain-sensitive cranial structures, mass effect caused by the enlarging tumor and cerebral edema, infarction, hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and tumor secretion. This article reviews the current findings related to epidemiologic details, clinical manifestations, mechanisms, diagnostic approaches, and management of headache in association with brain tumors.


Assuntos
Edema Encefálico , Neoplasias Encefálicas , Hidrocefalia , Humanos , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Neoplasias Encefálicas/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Hidrocefalia/complicações
10.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 599-614, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575269

RESUMO

In this article, the authors review the most common presentations of cough and exertional headaches and headaches associated with sexual activity. The authors elaborate on the most commonly described etiologies and identify those which are most critical to treat. The authors outline the recommendations for further evaluation and discuss effective treatment modalities for each headache type.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Cefaleia Primários , Comportamento Sexual , Humanos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos da Cefaleia Primários/etiologia , Tosse/diagnóstico , Tosse/etiologia , Tosse/terapia
11.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 543-557, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575265

RESUMO

Cervicogenic headaches are a secondary headache disorder attributable to cervical spine dysfunction resulting in head pain with or without neck pain. Diagnosis of this condition has been complicated by varied clinical presentations, causations, and differing diagnostic criteria. In this article, we aim to clarify the approach to diagnosing cervicogenic headaches by providing an overview of cervicogenic headaches, clinical case examples, and a practical diagnostic algorithm based on the most current criteria. A standardized approach will aid in confirmation of the diagnosis of cervicogenic headaches and facilitate further research into this condition.


Assuntos
Cefaleia Pós-Traumática , Humanos , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática/diagnóstico , Cefaleia Pós-Traumática/terapia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Cervicalgia/complicações , Vértebras Cervicais
12.
Neurol Clin ; 42(2): 615-632, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575270

RESUMO

This article discusses extremely common odontogenic pain conditions, which may occasionally present to the neurology clinic mimicking headache, and other uncommon orofacial pain conditions, which may do the same. Typical presentations, investigative strategies, and management are discussed, as well as highlighting key diagnostic criteria and the importance of involving oral or dental specialists where diagnostic uncertainty exists.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo , Humanos , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Dor Facial/etiologia , Dor Facial/terapia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/etiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/complicações , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/complicações , Neuralgia do Trigêmeo/diagnóstico
13.
Continuum (Minneap Minn) ; 30(2): 498-511, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568496

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: This article reviews the disparities faced by individuals who experience headache disorders and discusses potential solutions to deliver equitable care. Disparities exist in the diagnosis and treatment of headache disorders with regard to race, ethnicity, sex, gender, sexual orientation, geography, and socioeconomic status. Furthermore, research in the realm of headache disparities is inadequate, and the clinical trial representation of patients from underserved communities is poor. Many barriers exist to optimizing care for underserved communities and this article addresses these barriers and presents ways to combat them.


Assuntos
Diversidade, Equidade, Inclusão , Transtornos da Cefaleia , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Cefaleia/terapia
15.
Lancet Neurol ; 23(4): 339, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508831
17.
Headache ; 64(3): 306-316, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38440947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine factors associated with frequent headache remission in schoolchildren aged 10-18 years. BACKGROUND: Frequent headache is a common health problem in adolescence, and some individuals in this population experience remission. Factors preceding headache remission as opposed to ongoing headache, and their development over time, have not been examined extensively. METHODS: Data were derived from a large school sample (N = 2280). Over the course of 1 year, n = 156 adolescents experienced remission from frequent headaches, while n = 125 adolescents continued to have frequent headaches throughout the year. In this longitudinal case-control study, we predicted headache remission using demographic, pain, psychosocial, sleep, and physiological characteristics. Additionally, we sought to explore the development of psychosocial, sleep, and physiological characteristics in relation to remitted versus ongoing headache over the 1-year period. RESULTS: A model containing the variables sex (odds ratio [OR] = 0.43, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.248-0.76, p = 0.003), headache intensity (OR = 0.85, 95% CI = 0.73-0.99, p = 0.035), anxiety score (OR = 0.92, 95% CI = 0.85-1.01, p = 0.071), and depression score (OR = 0.94, 95% CI = 0.89-1.00, p = 0.041) predicted the outcome variable (remitted vs. non-remitted headache), explaining 17% of the variance in group membership. Schoolchildren reporting remitted headache at the end of the year exhibited lower depression (F[1, 557.01] = 45.77, p < 0.001) and anxiety scores (F[1, 557.01] = 21.72, p < 0.001), higher school satisfaction (F[1, 209.46] = 7.15, p = 0.008), and fewer difficulties falling asleep (F[1, 856.52] = 41.21, p < 0.001) or sleeping through the night (F[1, 731.12] = 26.42, p < 0.001) throughout the year compared to those with non-remitted headache. Depression scores declined significantly over the year in the group with remitted headache, whereas these scores remained constant in the group with non-remitted headache. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest a correlation between headache remission and male sex, improved mental health, and reduced pain-related burden. Moreover, there was an observed decline in symptoms of depression during headache remission. Psychotherapy may be a promising treatment strategy for addressing frequent headaches reported by children and adolescents.


Assuntos
Depressão , Cefaleia , Adolescente , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/complicações , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/terapia , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Dor/epidemiologia , Estudos Longitudinais
19.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(3)2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38490699

RESUMO

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a condition characterised by postural headaches due to low cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure, often stemming from CSF leakage. Diagnosis poses a significant challenge, and the therapeutic approach encompasses both conservative measures and operative interventions, such as the epidural blood patch (EBP). However, EBP carries the potential risk of inducing rebound intracranial hypertension (RIH), subsequently leading to high-pressure headaches. We present a case wherein RIH following EBP was effectively managed through the implementation of an external ventricular drain (EVD) aimed at reducing CSF pressure. The patient improved significantly, underscoring the potential utility, if not necessity, of EVD in carefully selected cases, highlighting the imperative for further research to enhance the management of SIH and optimise EBP-related complications.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Intracraniana , Hipotensão Intracraniana , Humanos , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/terapia , Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/complicações , Hipotensão Intracraniana/terapia , Hipotensão Intracraniana/complicações , Placa de Sangue Epidural , Cefaleia/terapia , Drenagem , Hipertensão Intracraniana/terapia , Hipertensão Intracraniana/complicações
20.
J Headache Pain ; 25(1): 27, 2024 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38433202

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The burden and disability associated with headaches are conceptualized and measured differently at patients' and populations' levels. At the patients' level, through patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs); at population level, through disability weights (DW) and years lived with a disability (YLDs) developed by the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD). DW are 0-1 coefficients that address health loss and have been defined through lay descriptions. With this literature review, we aimed to provide a comprehensive analysis of disability in headache disorders, and to present a coefficient referring to patients' disability which might inform future GBD definitions of DW for headache disorders. METHODS: We searched SCOPUS and PubMed for papers published between 2015 and 2023 addressing disability in headache disorders. The selected manuscript included a reference to headache frequency and at least one PROM. A meta-analytic approach was carried out to address relevant differences for the most commonly used PROMs (by headache type, tertiles of medication intake, tertiles of females' percentage in the sample, and age). We developed a 0-1 coefficient based on the MIDAS, on the HIT-6, and on MIDAS + HIT-6 which was intended to promote future DW iterations by the GBD consortium. RESULTS: A total of 366 studies, 596 sub-samples, and more than 133,000 single patients were available, mostly referred to cases with migraine. Almost all PROMs showed the ability to differentiate disability severity across conditions and tertiles of medication intake. The indexes we developed can be used to inform future iterations of DW, in particular considering their ability to differentiate across age and tertiles of medication intake. CONCLUSIONS: Our review provides reference values for the most commonly used PROMS and a data-driven coefficient whose main added value is its ability to differentiate across tertiles of age and medication intake which underlie on one side the increased burden due to aging (it is likely connected to the increased impact of common comorbidities), and by the other side the increased burden due to medication consumption, which can be considered as a proxy for headache severity. Both elements should be considered when describing disability of headache disorders at population levels.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Cefaleia , Transtornos de Enxaqueca , Feminino , Humanos , Carga Global da Doença , Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Cefaleia/terapia , Transtornos da Cefaleia/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Cefaleia/terapia , Envelhecimento
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