Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 30.550
Filtrar
1.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 155, 2022 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35501780

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The abnormal facial features in maxillary transverse deficiency (MTD) are minimal and limited to a deficiency of the middle facial third, narrow nares and nasal base, and deepened nasolabial folds. The surgical expansion of the narrow maxilla has most obvious effects on widening of the maxillary dental arch and expansion of the maxillary and palatal structures in the transverse plane, however sagittal changes also occurs. The purpose of this observational study was to evaluate the three-dimensional (3D) facial soft tissue changes following surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME). METHODS: In 15 skeletally mature patients with severe maxillary transverse deficiency, the planned maxillary expansion (on average 8.8 mm ± 2.3 mm) was achieved with a bone-borne palatal distractor. The 3D optical scans of the facial surface were obtained before and six months after SARME. In the first part, we defined different anatomical landmarks on both scans and compared cephalometric measurements. In the second part, we registered both 3D scans in the same workplace using the regional best-fit method (forehead, supraorbital and nasal root regions were selected for the superimposition) and conducted surface analysis. RESULTS: The largest differences between the pre- and post-operation scans were observed in the paranasal and cheek area (1.4 ± 1.0 mm). Significant differences occurred for an increased nasal width, a decreased upper-face height with an unchanged lower height, an increased vertical philtrum height and an increased nasolabial angle. A significant increase in the facial profile angle was also observed, resulting in an increased facial convexity and anterior displacement of the upper-lip area. CONCLUSIONS: The widening of the nose and increased projection in the cheek and paranasal area in the lateral direction after maxillary expansion were confirmed; moreover, facial convexity increases, reflecting the underlying advancement of the maxilla.


Assuntos
Maxila , Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Cefalometria , Face , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Palato
2.
Braz Dent J ; 33(2): 44-51, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508035

RESUMO

Le Fort I osteotomy is widely used in orthognathic surgery to correct maxillary deformities. However, this osteotomy may be related with the increase of alar base width. The aims of the present study were to compare two alar cinch suture after Le Fort I osteotomy and observe which type presents a better result in controlling the enlargement of the alar base after maxillary repositioning in orthognathic surgery. A randomized clinical trial was carried out with 40 patients randomly assigned in two intervention groups: group 1 - patients submitted to internal suture and group 2 - patients submitted to external suture. Of the 40 patients, 65% were female and 35% were male. The mean age of the patients was 30,25 in group I and 28,6 in group II. There was an increase in the alar base width in both groups, with significant difference between the means (P < 0,001). It was possible to compare the evolution of the means of the alar base width between group I and group II. Thus, it was observed that the external technique (group II) better controlled alar base width after Le Fort I osteotomy. It was not possible to relate the enlargement of the alar cinch with maxillary movement performed (P > 0,05). Overall, alar base cinch suture is an essential component of Le Fort osteotomies to control the alar base width. In this study, the external technique was more effective when compared to the internal technique in controlling the enlargement of the alar base width.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Ortognática , Cefalometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Cartilagens Nasais/cirurgia , Osteotomia de Le Fort/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas
3.
PLoS One ; 17(4): e0265272, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Appropriate maxillofacial growth and development evaluation is important for effective orthodontic treatment. Growth evaluation is based on physiological age determined by individual development, but not chronological age. One strategy for determining physiological age is using the cervical vertebral bone age. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to clarify the standard size of the upper and lower jawbones in Japanese patients using the cervical vertebral maturation stages (CVMS) as an index and clarify the growth pattern. And to use the cervical spine age as a diagnostic aid in orthodontic treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Random sampling was performed from the outpatients who visited the Orthodontics department, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Dental Hospital, and 400 patients were enrolled before treatment. Lateral cephalometric radiographs were obtained to measure the height and length of the mandible and the maxilla length with cephalometric analysis. Standard values were calculated for each cervical-spine-age group to analyze changes during mandibular and maxillary growth. Furthermore, we compared the differences between males and females. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare cervical-spine-age groups, and the Steel-Dwass test was used for multiple comparisons. The reliability of CVMS was confirmed by calculating the weighted kappa coefficient (κ). RESULTS: κ for the degree of intra-evaluator agreement and the degree of the inter-evaluator agreement were calculated, and both indicated almost perfect agreement. We found that the distance between the anterior nasal spine (ANS) and posterior nasal spine (PNS) (i.e., ANS-PNS) increased significantly between CVMS II and CVMS III in males. The distance between Articulare (Ar) and Gonion (Go) (i.e., Ar-Go) and the distance between Go and Pogonion (Pog) (i.e., Go-Pog) increased significantly between CVMS III and CVMS IV in males. CONCLUSION: The findings suggested that CVMS is a reliable indicator of the growth stage of the maxilla and mandible.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Maxila , Cefalometria , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 5708, 2022 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35383244

RESUMO

This meta-analysis aims to compare Apert syndrome (AS) patients with non-AS populations (not clinically or genetically diagnosed) on craniofacial cephalometric characteristics (CCC) to combine publicly available scientific information while also improving the validity of primary study findings. A comprehensive search was performed in the following databases: PubMed, Google Scholar, Scopus, Medline, and Web of Science, an article published between 1st January 2000 to October 17th, 2021. PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) guidelines were followed to carry out this systematic review. We used the PECO system to classify people with AS based on whether or not they had distinctive CCC compared to the non-AS population. Following are some examples of how PECO has been used: People with AS are labeled P; clinical or genetic diagnosis of AS is labeled E; individuals without AS are labeled C; CCC of AS are labeled O. Using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality-Assessment-Scale, independent reviewers assessed the articles' methodological quality and extracted data. 13 studies were included in the systematic review. 8 out of 13 studies were score 7-8 in NOS scale, which indicated that most of the studies were medium to high qualities. Six case-control studies were analyzed for meta-analysis. Due to the wide range of variability in CCC, we were only able to include data from at least three previous studies. There was a statistically significant difference in N-S-PP (I2: 76.56%; P = 0.014; CI 1.27 to - 0.28) and Greater wing angle (I2: 79.07%; P = 0.008; CI 3.07-1.17) between AS and control subjects. Cleft palate, anterior open bite, crowding in the upper jaw, and hypodontia occurred more frequently among AS patients. Significant shortening of the mandibular width, height and length is the most reported feature in AS patients. CT scans can help patients with AS decide whether to pursue orthodontic treatment alone or to have their mouth surgically expanded. The role of well-informed orthodontic and maxillofacial practitioners is critical in preventing and rehabilitating oral health issues.


Assuntos
Acrocefalossindactilia , Fissura Palatina , Acrocefalossindactilia/diagnóstico por imagem , Cefalometria , Humanos , Relatório de Pesquisa
5.
J Acoust Soc Am ; 151(3): 1730, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35364912

RESUMO

The Personal Alert Safety System (PASS) is an alarm signal device carried by firefighters to help rescuers locate and extricate downed firefighters. A fire creates temperature gradients and inhomogeneous time-varying temperature, density, and flow fields that modify the acoustic properties of a room. To understand the effect of the fire on an alarm signal, experimental measurements of head-related transfer functions (HRTF) in a room with fire are presented in time and frequency domains. The results show that low-frequency (<1000 Hz) modes in the HRTF increase in frequency and higher-frequency modal structure weakens and becomes unstable in time. In the time domain, the time difference of arrival between the ears changes and becomes unstable over time. Both of these effects could impact alarm signal detection and localization. The receive level of narrowband tones is presented that shows that the fire makes the receive level of a source vary by > 10 dB. All of these effects could impact the detection and localization of the PASS alarm and have life safety consequences.


Assuntos
Localização de Som , Acústica , Cefalometria
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 132, 2022 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Artificial Intelligence has created a huge impact in different areas of dentistry. Automated cephalometric analysis is one of the major applications of artificial intelligence in the field of orthodontics. Various automated cephalometric software have been developed which utilizes artificial intelligence and claim to be reliable. The purpose of this study was to compare the linear and angular cephalometric measurements obtained from web-based fully automated Artificial Intelligence (AI) driven platform "WebCeph"™ with that from manual tracing and evaluate the validity and reliability of automated cephalometric measurements obtained from "WebCeph"™. METHODS: Thirty pre-treatment lateral cephalograms of patients were randomly selected. For manual tracing, digital images of same cephalograms were printed using compatible X-ray printer. After calibration, a total of 18 landmarks was plotted and 12 measurements (8 angular and 4 linear) were obtained using standard protocols. The digital images of each cephalogram were uploaded to "WebCeph"™ server. After image calibration, the automated cephalometric measurements obtained through AI digitization were downloaded for each image. Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was used to determine agreement between the measurements obtained from two methods. ICC value < 0.75 was considered as poor to moderate agreement while an ICC value between 0.75 and 0.90 was considered as good agreement. Agreement was rated as excellent when ICC value > 0.90 was obtained. RESULTS: All the measurements had ICC value above 0.75. A higher ICC value > 0.9 was obtained for seven parameters i.e. ANB, FMA, IMPA/L1 to MP (°), LL to E-line, L1 to NB (mm), L1 to NB (°), S-N to Go-Gn whereas five parameters i.e. UL to E-line, U1 to NA (mm), SNA, SNB, U1 to NA (°) showed ICC value between 0.75 and 0.90. CONCLUSION: A good agreement was found between the cephalometric measurements obtained from "WebCeph"™ and manual tracing.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Ortodontia , Cefalometria/métodos , Humanos , Internet , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(1): 81-85, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439888

RESUMO

Background: To investigate whether fixed functional therapy for mandibular advancement with the Forsus™ appliance would produce any changes in the cervical spine posture. Materials and Methods: This prospective clinical exploratory study was conducted on 12 patients (six females and six males) with a mean age of 15 ± 1.3 years, having mandibular retrusion, Class II malocclusion, who were treated with the Forsus™ appliance. Lateral cephalogram was taken twice, once at the baseline (T1) before the commencement of the treatment and once following termination of fixed functional treatment (T2). Eleven measurements representing the vertical and the sagittal craniofacial proportions, and the head posture, were taken into account. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 22. The variations between before and after treatment measurements were collated using paired t-test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: No significant differences were noticed in the angle linking the horizontal lines of the head and the superior crest of the spinal column before and after the treatment, with P = 0.73. The cervical curvature angle also failed to show any significant difference with P = 0.14. Conclusion: Fixed functional therapy with the Forsus™ device resulted in dentoalveolar and soft tissue alterations alone but did not alter the cervical spine posture.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Adolescente , Cefalometria/métodos , Vértebras Cervicais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mandíbula , Postura , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(4): 454-465, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439904

RESUMO

Aim: This cross-sectional observational retrospective study aimed at assessing the cephalometric skeleto-dental features of class I, II, and III skeletal relationship of Saudi female school children sample and comparing the results to the established British Caucasian cephalometric standards. Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 205 retrospective lateral cephalometric radiographs of female school children. The age range of the subjects were between 10 and 13 years old with a mean age of 11 ± 1 years. Several cephalometric and constructed points were identified. Angular, linear, and proportional measurements were obtained and analyzed. The skeleto-dental features of class II and class III were compared to class I of this sample and then compared with the established British Caucasian population. Different angular, linear, and proportional variables were investigated. Descriptive statistics and Student's t-test were used for data analysis. Results: The distribution of the skeletal relationship revealed that 68.3% of the sample showed class I relationship, 16.1% class II, and 15.6% class III. The result indicates significant differences among the different classes. A greater tendency towards class II facial pattern and more convex profile among Saudis were detected in the present study compared to Caucasians. Furthermore, The dento-alveolar relationship results showed more bi-maxillary protrusion among Saudi females compared to the British Caucasians. Conclusion: The results of the study can serve as a base-line for future investigations in Saudi Arabia. Furthermore, the results obtained can also be of great value in distinguishing the various skeleto-dental features in the different skeletal classes among the Saudi females, and in the clinical diagnosis and treatment planning.


Assuntos
Face , Adolescente , Cefalometria/métodos , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Face/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia
9.
Clin Ter ; 173(2): 141-148, 2022 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385037

RESUMO

Background: The aim of the study is to provide scientific evidence on the possibility of using the Corneal point a skin point for measu-rements that can be made on both standard and three-dimensional photographs. Also, we want to demonstrate the stability of corneal point during the growth, to use it as a reference point. Methods: A sample of 105 radiographs was reached. A descriptive and longitudinal statistical analysis was performed. Results: By data analysis we obtained more variability inter-subject of the millimetrically value of the SC plan. For this reason, we consi-dered the relationship between the SN and SC values and not a single value. In the cross-sectional study the T- test analysis did not show a different significant result of variations between SC and SN in both sexes; therefore, we considered these as unique sample. Conclusion: Longitudinal study has a major importance for to esta-blishing the age-related changes. By cross-selection and longitudinal analysis we obtained an overlapping trend of the SN and SC plan. As the SN plan has always been used as a reference plan for cephalometric measurements, although its variations in growth, it can be concluded that the SC plan can be considered equally a reference plan.


Assuntos
Córnea , Cefalometria/métodos , Córnea/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
10.
J Craniofac Surg ; 33(2): 480-484, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35385907

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to review our institution's experience using helmet molding therapy in children with isolated non-syndromic sagittal craniosynostosis before placement of cranial springs and provide objective measurements of craniometric changes to help determine its role in treatment.Patients who underwent preoperative helmet molding therapy for sagittal craniosynostosis were retrospectively reviewed. Three-dimensional surface tomography scans were used to measure head circumference, cranial width, cranial length, cranial index (CI), and cranial vault asymmetry.Seventeen patients underwent orthotic helmeting therapy before spring mediated cranial vault expansion. Patients spent a median of 48 days (interquartile range [IQR] 32, 57) in preoperative orthotic helmeting therapy. There were increases in both cranial width and length post-helmeting (median: 107.5 mm [IQR 104.8, 110.4] versus 115.6 mm [IQR 114.5, 119.3]; P < 0.001) (median: 152.8 mm [IQR 149.2, 154.9] versus 156.8 mm [IQR 155.0, 161.5]; P < 0.001), respectively. There was a greater increase in cranial width (P = 0.015). Consequently, patients' CI improved after preoperative helmeting (median: 0.702 [IQR 0.693, 0.717] versus 0.739 [0.711, 0.752]; P < 0.001). There was no evidence of growth restriction from helmeting (pre-helmeting Head circumference [HC]: median 96.8 percentile [IQR 90.6, 99.9] versus post-helmeting HC: 98.7 percentile [IQR 94.7, 99.8]; P = 0.109).Preoperative helmeting in patients with non-syndromic isolated sagittal craniosynostosis can be used to improve CI before surgical correction. Significant benefits can be achieved in shorter preoperative helmeting durations than previously reported with no evidence of cranial growth restriction, which supports its feasibility and utility in children undergoing spring mediated cranial vault expansion.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses , Anormalidades Maxilomandibulares , Cefalometria/métodos , Criança , Craniossinostoses/diagnóstico por imagem , Craniossinostoses/cirurgia , Dispositivos de Proteção da Cabeça , Humanos , Lactente , Estudos Retrospectivos , Crânio/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(4): 358-365, 2022 Apr 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35368162

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the establishment of an efficient and automatic method to determine anatomical landmarks in three-dimensional (3D) facial data, and to evaluate the effectiveness of this method in determining landmarks. Methods: A total of 30 male patients with tooth defect or dentition defect (with good facial symmetry) who visited the Department of Prosthodontics, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June to August 2021 were selected, and these participants' age was between 18-45 years. 3D facial data of patients was collected and the size normalization and overlap alignment were performed based on the Procrustes analysis algorithm. A 3D face average model was built in Geomagic Studio 2013 software, and a 3D face template was built through parametric processing. MeshLab 2020 software was used to determine the serial number information of 32 facial anatomical landmarks (10 midline landmarks and 22 bilateral landmarks). Five male patients with no mandibular deviation and 5 with mild mandibular deviation were selected from the Department of Orthodontics or Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from June to August 2021. 3D facial data of patients was collected as test data. Based on the 3D face template and the serial number information of the facial anatomical landmarks, the coordinates of 32 facial anatomical landmarks on the test data were automatically determined with the help of the MeshMonk non-rigid registration algorithm program, as the data for the template method to determine the landmarks. The positions of 32 facial anatomical landmarks on the test data were manually determined by the same attending physician, and the coordinates of the landmarks were recorded as the data for determining landmarks by the expert method. Calculated the distance value of the coordinates of facial anatomical landmarks between the template method and the expert method, as the landmark localization error, and evaluated the effect of the template method in determining the landmarks. Results: For 5 patients with no mandibular deviation, the landmark localization error of all facial anatomical landmarks by template method was (1.65±1.19) mm, the landmark localization error of the midline facial anatomical landmarks was (1.19±0.45) mm, the landmark localization error of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks was (1.85±1.33) mm. For 5 patients with mild mandibular deviation, the landmark localization error of all facial anatomical landmarks by template method was (2.55±2.22) mm, the landmark localization error of the midline facial anatomical landmarks was (1.85±1.13) mm, the landmark localization error of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks was (2.87±2.45) mm. Conclusions: The automatic determination method of facial anatomical landmarks proposed in this study has certain feasibility, and the determination effect of midline facial anatomical landmarks is better than that of bilateral facial anatomical landmarks. The effect of determining facial anatomical landmarks in patients without mandibular deviation is better than that in patients with mild mandibular deviation.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Ortodontia , Adolescente , Adulto , Algoritmos , Pontos de Referência Anatômicos , Cefalometria/métodos , Face/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Software , Adulto Jovem
12.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 123(5): 334-338, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35420877

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of lip sucking on dentofacial development in a pair of 6.5-year-old monozygotic twins. BACKGROUND: Lip sucking, which causes an imbalance in splanchnocraniums soft tissues pressures, can influence the hard tissues development, and contribute to orthodontic anomalies. METHODS: Analysis of lateral cephalometric X-rays was performed by 9 orthodontists. Data were compared using the Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis tests. Statistical significance was defined as p<0.05. RESULTS: SNA, A-NPog, and Cond-A values suggested an anterior shift of the maxilla. The 1u to SN, 1u to A-Pog, 1u to A-Pog angle, and 1u-Avert values indicated an upper incisor protrusion. While the 1l to A-Pog, 1l to A-Pog angle and 1l to Go-Me values showed a retrusion of the lower incisors, the NL-NSL implied a hard palate rotation counterclockwise. The SNA-Me indicated that the mandible of the lip-sucking patient was in a more inferior position. CONCLUSION: Lip sucking can influence the skeletal development of maxilla, the position of upper and lower incisors and the position of mandible. Skeletal development of mandible seems to be unaffected (Tab. 3, Fig. 1, Ref. 26).


Assuntos
Lábio , Gêmeos Monozigóticos , Cefalometria , Criança , Hábitos , Humanos , Mandíbula , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
Head Face Med ; 18(1): 14, 2022 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35440012

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bimaxillary surgery is often performed for class III malocclusion, and its complex influence on the upper airway has been well considered. The aim of this research was to provide a scaled formula between upper airway volume changes and bone movements in Class III patients after orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using a retrospective study design, the investigators enrolled a total of 30 class III malocclusion patients who were undergoing bimaxillary surgery as the study subjects. The subjects included 15 males and 15 females, and their average age was 23.3 ± 3.4 years. CBCT (cone beam tomography) was performed both before and one year after the surgery for each patient. The changes in the soft palate, tongue and upper airway were measured by using CBCT data that was collected before and after surgery. 3D superimposition of CBCT was performed to calculate three-dimensional jaw movements. A multiple regression analysis was used to calculate the quantitative relationship between airway volume changes and jaw movements. RESULTS: The nasopharynx airway volume was observed to be increased by 1064.0 ± 1336.2 mm3, whereas the retropalatal and retroglossal airway volumes were observed to be decreased by 1399.0 ± 2881.6 mm3 and 1433.8 ± 3043.4 mm3, respectively, after the surgery. One millimetre forward and downward movements of the PNS resulted in increases of 626.90 mm3 and 392.18 mm3 in nasopharynx airway volume, respectively. Moreover, one millimetre retrogression of the B point caused decreases of 314.6 mm3 and 656.6 mm3 in the retropalatal and retroglossal airway volume, respectively. The changes in the soft palate contributed to the decrease in the retropalatal airway volume, whereas the tongue compensated for the decrease in the retroglossal airway volume. CONCLUSION: The movements of the PNS and B points could be used to predict upper airway volumetric changes in Class III patients after maxillary advancement and mandibular setback.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos , Adulto , Cefalometria/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe III de Angle/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ortognáticos/métodos , Faringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 54(2): 340-345, 2022 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35435202

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of vertical control by using conventional mini-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area for Angle class Ⅱ extraction patients. METHODS: Twenty-eight Angle class Ⅱ patients [9 males, 19 females, and age (22.6±2.8) years] were selected in this study. All of these patients were treated by using straight wire appliance with 4 premolars extraction and 2 mini-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area. In this study, the self-control method was used to measure and analyze the lateral radiographs taken before and after orthodontic treatment in each case, the main cephalometric analysis items were related to vertical changes. The digitized lateral radiographs were imported into Dolphin Imaging Software (version 11.5: Dolphin Imaging and Management Solutions, Chatsworth, California, USA), and marked points were traced. Each marked point was confirmed by two orthodontists. The same orthodontist performed measurement on the lateral radiographs over a period of time. All measurement items were required to be measured 3 times, and the average value was taken as the final measurement result. RESULTS: Analysis of the cephalometric radiographs showed that, for vertical measurements after treatment, the differences of the following measurements were highly statistically significant (P < 0.001): SN-MP decreased by (1.40±1.45) degrees on average, FMA decreased by (1.58±1.32) degrees on average, the back-to-front height ratio (S-Go/N-Me) decreased by 1.42%±1.43% on average, Y-axis angle decreased by (1.03±0.99) degrees on average, face angle increases by (1.37±1.05) degree on average; The following measurements were statistically significant (P < 0.05): the average depression of the upper molars was (0.68±1.40) mm, and the average depression of the upper anterior teeth was (1.07±1.55) mm. The outcomes indicated that there was a certain degree of upper molar depression after the treatment, which produced a certain degree of counterclockwise rotation of the mandibular plane, resulting in a positive effect on the improvement of the profile. CONCLUSION: The conventional micro-implant anchorage in maxillary posterior buccal area has a certain vertical control ability, and can give rise to a certain counterclockwise rotation of the mandible, which would improve the profile of Angle Class Ⅱ patients.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Procedimentos de Ancoragem Ortodôntica , Dente Pré-Molar , Cefalometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/diagnóstico por imagem , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia , Mandíbula , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dimensão Vertical
15.
Rev. Fac. Odont (Córdoba) ; 32(1): 20-36, mar 2022. ^etab
Artigo em Espanhol | BINACIS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1359725

RESUMO

Introducción: Durante el proceso de crecimiento y desarrollo una serie de hechos se suceden con mayor o menor regularidad y similitud en todos los niños desde el nacimiento hasta la adultez. Mediante la radiografía carpal se observaban un gran número de centros secundarios de osificación, considerados "indicadores de madurez", ubicados en la mano, muñeca y epífisis distales del cúbito y radio. Actualmente, los cambios morfológicos de las vértebras cervicales son considerados indicadores de la maduración ósea. Objetivo:Con el objeto de minimizar las radiaciones en pacientes niños y adolescentes al momento de determinar el grado de maduración ósea, se reemplazó la radiografía carpal por la telerradiografía lateral de cráneo, utilizada rutinariamente. Corroborando, además la edad de maduración en nuestra población. Este estudio nos permite, al momento de decidir el plan de tratamiento, el método a utilizar para la resolución del caso clínico: ortopedia, ortodoncia o ambos a la vez.Materiales y métodos: estudiotransversal sin seguimiento del paciente. Se analizaron radiografías laterales del cráneo, ortopantomografías y carpo de 318 niños y adolescentes de ambos sexos de 10 a 16 años con dentición permanente en ambos arcos dentales, con/sin la presencia del 2° molar. El biotipo facial se determinó por el cefalograma de Björk-Jarabak.Resultados: Las edades promedio en los diferentes biotipos faciales no variaron significativamente, observándose valores medios menores en varones, con biotipo dólico y meso con tendencia a braquifacial. En niñas, se observa que la mayoría están relacionadas significativamente (p<0,05) con excepción del biotipo mesofacial entre edades cronológicas con edades óseas vertebrales y edades óseas vertebrales con óseas carpales y dentarias.Mientras que en varones la excepción se da en el biotipo dólicofacial en todas las variables siendo, solamente significativo entre las variables: edades cronológicas con óseas carpales y edades óseas vertebrales con óseas carpales. Por lo tanto, podemos concluir que existe una alta correlación entre las edades óseas vertebral, carpal y dentaria en ambos sexos y biotipos faciales excepto en niñas con biotipo mesofacial


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Coluna Vertebral/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Biotipologia , Cefalometria , Radiografia , Telerradiologia
16.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 25(3): 325-335, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35295056

RESUMO

Aims and Background: Premolar extraction is often associated with variations in the soft tissue profile that lead to considerable improvements in the facial profile. This study compared the changes in the facial profile of hard and soft tissues and investigated possible differences in the various facial parameters between patients who were treated with and without premolar extraction. Materials and Methods: A total of 98 orthodontically treated patients were divided into two groups with an equal number of participants. Premolar extraction was performed in the test group only. A total of 33 landmarks were identified on each cephalometric radiograph. The intraclass correlation coefficient was calculated. We evaluated changes in measurements between pre- and post-treatment by performing the signed-rank test. We used the Kruskal-Wallis test to compare changes between the groups. Results: No significant differences were observed in the treatment outcomes of skeletal and soft tissue variables in class I and class II participants between the test and control groups (P > 0.01). However, significant differences were noted in the treatment outcomes of dental variables in class II participants between the groups. Dental variables did not show any significant difference in class III patients between the groups. Conclusion: This study showed that skeletal and soft tissue changes were similar in skeletal except for few dental parameters following orthodontic treatment with and without premolar extraction.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica , Face , Cefalometria , Humanos
17.
Nutrients ; 14(5)2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35268013

RESUMO

Establishing the different feeding trajectories based on daily enteral feeding data in preterm infants at different gestational ages (GAs), may help to identify the risks and extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) outcomes associated with the adverse feeding pattern. In a single center, we retrospectively included 625 infants born at 23-30 weeks of gestation who survived to term-equivalent age (TEA) from 2009 to 2020. The infants were designated into three GA groups: 23-26, 27-28, and 29-30 weeks. The daily enteral feeding amounts in the first 56 postnatal days were analyzed to determine the feeding trajectories. The primary outcomes were EUGR in body weight and head circumference calculated, respectively, by the changes between birth and TEA. Clustering analysis identified two feeding trajectories, namely the improving and adverse patterns in each GA group. The adverse feeding pattern that occurred in 49%, 20%, and 17% of GA 23-26, 27-28, and 29-30 weeks, respectively, was differentiated from the improving feeding pattern as early as day 7 in infants at GA 23-26 and 27-28 weeks, in contrast to day 21 in infants at GA 29-30 weeks. The adverse feeding patterns were associated with sepsis, respiratory, and gastrointestinal morbidities at GA 23-26 weeks; sepsis, hemodynamic and gastrointestinal morbidities at GA 27-28 weeks; and preeclampsia, respiratory, and gastrointestinal morbidities at GA 29-30 weeks. Using the improving feeding group as a reference, the adverse feeding group showed significantly higher adjusted odds ratios of EUGR in body weight and head circumference in infants at GA 23-26 and 27-28 weeks. Identifying the early-life adverse feeding trajectories may help recognize the related EUGR outcomes of preterm infants in a GA-related manner.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Cefalometria , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Nutrients ; 14(3)2022 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35277055

RESUMO

In term infants it is recommended to introduce solids between the 17th and 26th week of life, whereas data for preterm infants are missing. In a prospective, two-arm interventional study we investigated longitudinal growth of VLBW infants after early (10-12th) or late (16-18th) week of life, corrected for term, introduction of standardized complementary food. Primary endpoint was height at one year of age, corrected for term, and secondary endpoints were other anthropometric parameters such as weight, head circumference, BMI, and z-scores. Among 177 infants who underwent randomization, the primary outcome could be assessed in 83 (93%) assigned to the early and 83 (94%) to the late group. Mean birthweight was 941 (SD ± 253) g in the early and 932 (SD ± 256) g in the late group, mean gestational age at birth was 27 + 1/7 weeks in both groups. Height was 74.7 (mean; SD ± 2.7) cm in the early and 74.4 cm (mean; SD ± 2.8; n.s.) cm in the late group at one year of age, corrected for term. There were no differences in anthropometric parameters between the study groups except for a transient effect on weight z-score at 6 months. In preterm infants, starting solids should rather be related to neurological ability than to considerations of nutritional intake and growth.


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Recém-Nascido de muito Baixo Peso , Estatura , Cefalometria , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Estudos Prospectivos
19.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 57(3): 266-271, 2022 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35280004

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the prevalence of tonsil hypertrophy in patients with different sagittal skeletal craniofacial patterns, as well as the correlation between tonsil hypertrophy and the type of skeletal pattern. Methods: Lateral cephalograms of patients who visited the Department of Orthodontics Division 1, School of Stomatology, Wuhan University during January to August, 2019 were retrospectively collected. Patients (children: age≥6 and ≤12 year; adults: age≥18 year) were divided into three groups according to the ANB (subspinale-nasion-supramental) angle: the skeletal class Ⅰ group (0°≤ANB≤4°), skeletal class Ⅱ group (ANB>4°) and skeletal class Ⅲ group (ANB<0°). Tonsil hypertrophy was diagnosed with lateral cephalogram by two specifically trained orthodontists independently, according to the Baroni's method. The between-group differences in tonsil hypertrophy prevalence were analyzed using chi-square tests with Bonferroni correction (α=0.017). Results: A total of 1 776 patients (593 children and 1 183 adults) were included, among which 672 (37.8%) were with class Ⅰ, 849 (47.8%) with class Ⅱ, and 255 (14.4%) with class Ⅲ skeletal pattern. The prevalence of tonsil hypertrophy in children was 66.3% (393/593). The proportion of children with tonsil hypertrophy in class Ⅲ group [87.0% (60/69)] were significantly higher than that in class Ⅰ [65.6% (145/221), χ²=11.56, P<0.017] and class Ⅱ [62.0% (188/303), χ²=15.69, P<0.017] groups. The prevalence of tonsil hypertrophy in adults was 23.2% (275/1 183). The proportion of adults with tonsil hypertrophy in class Ⅲ group [42.5% (79/186)] was significantly higher than that in class Ⅰ [19.1% (86/451), χ²=36.50, P<0.017] and class Ⅱ [20.2% (110/546), χ²=35.00, P<0.017] groups. However, there was no significant difference in the prevalence of tonsil hypertrophy between class Ⅰ and class Ⅱ groups for both children (χ²=0.70, P>0.017) and adults (χ²=0.18, P>0.017). Conclusions: The prevalence of tonsil hypertrophy in skeletal class Ⅲ patients was significantly higher than that in patients with skeletal class Ⅰ and Ⅱmalocclusion. Tonsil hypertrophy could be an important risk factor for skeletal class Ⅲ patients.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão , Tonsila Palatina , Adolescente , Adulto , Cefalometria/métodos , Criança , Humanos , Hipertrofia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 46(1): 62-69, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35311973

RESUMO

AIM: To evaluate the effects produced by functional orthodontic appliances at dental and skeletal level in relation to the level of skeletal maturation in class II patients Study design: Longitudinal and observational study Patients selected for the study had been wearing Sander Bite Jumping Appliance (SBJA) for at least 12 months; they were first diagnosed (T1) with skeletal class II according to Ricketts' cephalometric analysis, and had had lateral cephalograms taken before and after orthopaedic treatment (T2). Variables studied at T1 and T2 were: facial convexity, inclination of the upper and lower incisors, and facial depth. Results were compared between T1 and T2 for each variable and in relation to cervical maturation stage (CVS) according to the Lamparski analysis. Statistical analysis was performed using Shapiro-Wilk, t-student, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison tests, taking as statistically significant a p-value <0.05. RESULTS: A final sample of 235 patients was obtained. Statistically significant differences were found in the inclination of the mandibular incisors between T1 and T2 and among the different cervical stages when the functional appliances were placed in CVS1 (p = 0.000), CVS2 (p = 0.04) or CVS5 (p = 0.048). For the remaining variables, significant differences were also found between T1 and T2, but these differences were similar in all cervical stages. CONCLUSIONS: A significant proclination of the mandibular incisors was found when the functional appliance was placed during CVS1, CVS2, or CVS5. Time of placement of the functional appliances was not statistically significant for the remaining variables studied.


Assuntos
Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle , Aparelhos Ortodônticos Funcionais , Cefalometria/métodos , Vértebras Cervicais , Humanos , Incisivo , Má Oclusão Classe II de Angle/terapia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...