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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18567, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895799

RESUMO

We investigated the epidemiological and clinical characteristics deaths from road traffic injury (RTI) in Beijing, and provided evidence useful for the prevention of fatal traffic trauma and for the treatment of traffic-related injuries.We retrospectively reviewed death cases provided by the Beijing Red Cross Emergency Center on road traffic injury deaths from 2008 to 2017. We analyzed population characteristics, time distribution, distribution of transportation modes, intervals to death, locations and injured body parts.From 2008 to 2017, there were 3327 deaths from RTI recorded by the Beijing Red Cross Emergency Center, with mainly males among these deaths. The average age at death was 46.19 ±â€Š17.43 years old (46.19, 0.43-100.24). In accidents with more detail recorded, pedestrians and people using nonmotorized transportation modes suffered the most fatalities (664/968, 68.60%). The most commonly injured body parts were the head (2569/3327, 77.22%), followed by the chest (180/3327, 5.41%), abdomen (130/3327, 3.91%), lower extremities (68/3327, 2.04%), pelvis (67/3327, 2.01%), spinal cord (31/3327, 0.93%), and upper extremities (26/3327, 0.78%). Burns accounted for 0.96% (32/3327), and unknown body parts were affected in 11.28% (365/3327). The average time interval from injury to death was 36.90 ±â€Š89.57 h (36.90, 0-720); 46.7% (1554/3327) died within 10 minutes after injury; 9.02% (300/3327) died between 10 min and 1 hour; 30.33% (1009/3327) died between 1 hour and 3 days; 13.95% (464/3327) died between 3 and 30 days.In Beijing, RTI is a significant cause of preventable death, particularly among pedestrians and users of non-motorized vehicles. Head trauma was the most lethal cause of RTI deaths. Our findings suggested that interventions to prevent collisions and reduce injuries, and improved trauma treatment process and trauma rescue system could address a certain proportion of avoidable RTI deaths.


Assuntos
Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/mortalidade , Pedestres/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Pequim/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/etiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 36-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31660752

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The temporal patterns and unit-based distributions of trauma patients requiring surgical intervention are poorly described in the UK. We describe the distribution of trauma patients in the UK and assess whether changes in working patterns could provide greater exposure for operative trauma training. METHODS: We searched the Trauma Audit and Research Network database to identify all patients between 1 January 2014 to 31 December 2016. Operative cases were defined as all patients who underwent laparotomy, thoracotomy or open vascular intervention. We assessed time of arrival, correlations between mechanism of injury and surgery, and the effect of changing shift patterns on exposure to trauma patients by reference to a standard 10-hour shift assuming a dedicated trauma rotation or fellowship. RESULTS: There were 159,719 patients from 194 hospitals submitted to the Network between 2014 and 2016. The busiest 20 centres accounted for 57,568 (36.0%) of cases in total. Of these 2147/57,568 patients (3.7%) required a general surgical operation; 43% of penetrating admissions (925 cases) and 2.2% of blunt admissions (1222 cases). The number of operations correlated more closely with the number of penetrating rather than blunt admissions (r = 0.89 vs r = 0.51). A diurnal pattern in trauma admissions enabled significant increases in trauma exposure with later start times. CONCLUSIONS: Centres with high volume and high penetrating rates are likely to require more general surgical input and should be identified as locations for operative trauma training. It is possible to improve the number of trauma patients seen in a shift by optimising shift start time.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Traumatologia/educação , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Inglaterra , Feminino , Hospitais com Alto Volume de Atendimentos , Humanos , Irlanda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/organização & administração , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , País de Gales , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia
3.
World Neurosurg ; 133: e76-e83, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Spine fractures, including associated spinal cord injury, account for 3%-6% of all skeletal fractures annually in the United States. Patients who undergo interhospital transfer after injury may have a greater likelihood of nonroutine disposition, longer hospital stay, and higher cost. We evaluated the effects of patient transfer on functional outcomes after spine trauma. METHODS: Patients were treated after acute traumatic spine injury at a rehabilitation hospital in 2011-2017. Compared patients were those directly admitted to the tertiary hospital or transferred from a community hospital. RESULTS: A total of 188 patients (mean age 46.1 ± 18.6 years, 77.1% men) were evaluated, including 130 (69.1%) directly admitted and 58 (30.9%) transferred patients. The most common levels of injury were at C5 (19.1%) and C6 (12.2%), and most injuries were American Spinal Injury Association injury severity score grade D (33.2%) or grade A (32.1%). No statistical difference in age, injury pattern, timing from injury to surgery, or rehabilitation length of stay was seen between admitted and transferred patients. A significant improvement in ambulation distances was seen at discharge for directly admitted compared with transferred patients (447.7 ± 724.9 vs. 159.9 ± 359.5 feet; P = 0.005). However, no significant difference primary outcomes, namely American Spinal Injury Association injury severity score distribution (P = 0.2) or Functional Independence Measures (Δ30.9 ± 15.9 vs. 30.1 ± 17.1; P = 0.7), were seen between admitted and transferred patients at time of rehabilitation discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Interhospital transfer status did not diminish time to rehabilitation after injury or reduce functional recovery, suggesting early surgical treatment in community settings may have merit prior to transfer.


Assuntos
Transferência de Pacientes , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/reabilitação , Atividades Cotidianas , Adulto , Idoso , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente , Feminino , Hospitais Comunitários , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/complicações , Traumatismos da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Centros de Traumatologia , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(674): 2262-2263, 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804040
5.
Am Surg ; 85(11): 1281-1287, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31775972

RESUMO

ACS-verified trauma centers show higher survival and improved mortality rates in states with ACS-verified Level I pediatric trauma centers. However, few significant changes are appreciated in the first two years after verification. Minimal research exists examining verification of ACS Level II pediatric trauma centers. We analyzed ACS Level II pediatric trauma verification at our institution. In 2014, Sanford Medical Center Fargo became the only Level II pediatric trauma center in North Dakota, as well as the only center between Spokane and Minneapolis. A retrospective review of the institution's pre-existing trauma database one year pre- and postverification was performed. Patients aged <18 years were included in the study (P < 0.05). Patient number increased by 23 per cent, from 167 to 205 patients. A statistically significant increase occured in the three to six year old age group (P = 0.0002); motorized recreational vehicle (P = 0.028), violent (P = 0.009), and other (P = 0.0374) mechanism of injury categories; ambulance (P = 0.0124), fixed wing (P = 0.0028), and personal-owned vehicle (P = 0.0112) modes of transportation. Decreased public injuries (P = 0.0071) and advanced life support ambulance transportation (P = 0.0397). The study showed a nonstatistically significant increase in mean Injury Severity Score (from 6.3 to 7) and Native American trauma (from 14 to 20 per cent). Whereas prolonged ACS Level I pediatric trauma center verification was found to benefit patients, minimal data exist on ACS Level II verification. Our findings are consistent with current Level I ACS pediatric trauma center data. Future benefits will require continued analysis because our Level II pediatric trauma center continues to mature and affect our rural and large Native American community.


Assuntos
Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/normas , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Distribuição por Idade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Índios Norte-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , North Dakota/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Cuidados de Saúde Secundários/estatística & dados numéricos , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia
7.
Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech ; 86(5): 334-341, 2019.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31748108

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The study aimed to map the use of imaging techniques and results reporting in polytrauma patients by the trauma centres in the Czech Republic. MATERIAL AND METHODS The representatives of radiology departments and units of all 12 trauma centres in the Czech Republic completed a questionnaire regarding the imaging in polytrauma patients. RESULTS The Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) as an initial imaging is used by all the centres, the WholeBody CT scan (WBCT) is the dominant imaging technique everywhere and all the centres have standards in place for its performance. The WBCT examination protocol varies across the centres, just like the evaluation procedures of the CT scan and reporting of the results over to the indicating physicians. In majority of centres, there is a high percentage of WBCT with normal findings. One of the centres which uses also X-rays as a part of imaging algorithm, reports a notably higher percentage of WBCT positive findings. DISCUSSION When considering the radiation dose, data and time necessary for WBCT, work required to assess the WBCT and a large number of negative findings, it is disputable whether in a number of cases the WBCT is a suitable method for polytrauma patient examination. Similar conclusions have been drawn also by other authors who recommend that the WBCT is always used for unconscious polytrauma patients, in whom a clinical examination is virtually impossible. In the other cases, based on the clinical parameters the other imaging techniques and the focused CT (and in the indicated cases also the wholebody CT) can be safely used. CONCLUSIONS he diagnostic procedure in a polytrauma patient is not uniform in trauma centres and even the procedure for urgent reporting of crucial WBCT findings to clinical physicians has not been standardised. In a number of cases the indication for WBCT seems to be unnecessary. A more careful consideration of indications for imaging examinations based on the clinical finding may reduce the radiation exposure of patients while maintaining the diagnostic accuracy. A structured report on WBCT in polytrauma is not used even though it is recommended by the European Society of Radiology. Key words:polytrauma, diagnostic imaging, Whole-Body Computed Tomography, structured report.


Assuntos
Traumatismo Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Traumatismo Múltiplo/epidemiologia , Exposição à Radiação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos
8.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 961-964, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638507

RESUMO

Enmeshment of emergency trauma providers (ETPs) into the United States health-care fabric resulted in the establishment of a formalized surgical critical care fellowship and certification for emergency medicine trainees. The aim of this study was to compare trauma outcomes for surgery-trained providers (STPs) and ETPs at our institution, hypothesizing patient outcome equivalency. We performed an institutional review board-exempt institutional registry review (January 1, 2004 to August 1, 2018), comparing 74 STPs and 6 ETPs. Comparator variables included all-cause mortality, all-cause morbidity, CT imaging studies per provider, time in ED (min), hospital/ICU lengths of stay, ICU admissions, and functional outcomes on discharge. Statistical comparisons included chi-square test for categorical data and analysis of covariance for continuous data (adjustments made for patient age, Injury Severity Score, and trauma mechanism; all P < 0.20). Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05, with an equivalence study design. A total of 33,577 trauma resuscitations were reviewed (32,299 STP-led and 1,278 ETP-led). Except for patient age (STP 50.2 ± 25.9 vs ETP 54.9 ± 25.3 years), Injury Severity Score (8.47 ± 8.14 vs 9.22 ± 8.40), and ICU admissions (16.1% vs 18.8%), we noted no significant intergroup differences. ETPs' performance was equivalent to that of STPs for all primary comparator variables (mortality, morbidity, CT utilization, time in the ED, lengths of stay, and functional outcomes). Incorporation of ETPs into our trauma center resulted in outcome parity between ETPs and STPs, while simultaneously expanding the expertise and experiential diversity within our multidisciplinary team. This study provides support for further incorporation of ETPs as equal partners across the growing network of United States regional trauma centers.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Medicina de Emergência/normas , Cirurgia Geral/normas , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Cuidados Críticos , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Cirurgia Geral/educação , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Pennsylvania , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Centros de Traumatologia , Estados Unidos
9.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 973-977, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638509

RESUMO

Failure to rescue (FTR), defined as death after a major complication in surgical patients, is being used to measure outcomes for quality improvement. Major complications frequently occur in patients undergoing damage control laparotomy (DCL). No previous FTR studies have looked specifically into DCL patients. The aim of this study was to examine risk factors of FTR and identify potential areas for targeted quality improvement in DCL patients. A 10-year retrospective review of all consecutive adult trauma patients who underwent DCL at a Level I trauma center was performed. Demographic and clinical variables were examined for association with FTR. Multivariate regression analysis was performed to identify risk factors of FTR in DCL patients. A total of 199 DCL patients were analyzed. Overall DCL mortality observed was 11.1 per cent (n = 22/199) and overall FTR for the cohort was n = 16/199. FTR represented 72 per cent (n = 16/22) of the total mortality. The significantly increased risk of FTR was associated with older age (P = 0.027), lower initial Glasgow Coma Scale score (P = 0.037), more units of packed red blood cells (P = 0.028), and respiratory complications (P = 0.035). Renal and infectious complications did not significantly increase the risk of FTR in this population. FTR is an important benchmark of quality for trauma patients. This study elucidates potential initial characteristics and complications related to FTR in DCL patients. Efforts in achieving zero death from FTR can potentially improve overall mortality in this subset of patients. Future quality interventions to help minimize FTR should target these specific areas.


Assuntos
Falha da Terapia de Resgate , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/normas , Melhoria de Qualidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Transfusão de Eritrócitos , Feminino , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Transtornos Respiratórios , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Estados Unidos
10.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 1010-1012, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638515

RESUMO

Many trauma patients present to nontrauma centers with emergency conditions. The Emergency Medical Treatment and Active Labor Act dictates that nontrauma centers attempt stabilization and provide appropriate transfer. Our goal was to determine whether there was a survival benefit in transferring hypotensive patients. The Tampa General Hospital trauma registry database was queried for adult trauma transfers from January 2012 to April 2018 including the first recorded systolic blood pressure (SBP) and other pertinent data. A manual chart review in hypotensive (SBP < 90) patients determined blood pressure at the time of transfer. Of the 3038 patients, 40 patients were hypotensive on arrival, with 40% (16) mortality. Eight of nine (88%) patients with SBP <70 on arrival, 3 of 11 (27%) with SBP 70 to 79, and 5 of 20 (25%) with SBP 80 to 89 died. The only survivor in the <70 group was normotensive at transport. Patients in these groups who were hypotensive at the time of transport died (4/4, 100%). Our data show no benefit in transferring patients with refractory hypotension at the time of transport; although the numbers are small, an SBP <70 should be considered prohibitive to transfer.


Assuntos
Hipotensão/etiologia , Hipotensão/terapia , Transferência de Pacientes , Centros de Traumatologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/complicações , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Florida , Humanos , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/fisiopatologia
11.
Am Surg ; 85(9): 1073-1078, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31638527

RESUMO

Trauma is a time-critical condition. Helicopters are thought to enhance the accessibility to trauma centers, but this benefit is poorly quantified. The aim of this study was to conduct a geographical analysis of the added benefit provided by helicopters, over ground transport. This study uses geospatial analysis. Helicopter bases and Level I and II designated trauma centers were geocoded. 60-minute drive-time and elliptical flight-time isochrones were mapped with ArcGIS™ (Esri, Redlands, CA). Calculations included allowance for mission ground time (MGT). We compared the proportion of the population that could be taken to Level I and II trauma centers, within 60 minutes, by road and by air. Using a 30-minute MGT model, helicopters permit 279,317 additional residents (5.8%) access to a Level I trauma center within 60 minutes. Using the 20-minute MGT model, 1,089,177 more residents (22.8%) would have access to Level I trauma center care. The benefits were marginally greater for access to Level I and II trauma center care. Helicopters enhance access to specialist trauma center care, but the benefit is small and dependent on MGT. Consideration should be given to the siting of helicopters, particularly in relation to trauma patients, MGT, and the timely response of EMS when determining the triage for helicopter transport.


Assuntos
Resgate Aéreo , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Tempo para o Tratamento , Centros de Traumatologia , Alabama , Humanos , Triagem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17721, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651907

RESUMO

Drowning causes significant morbidity and mortality. Healthcare regionalization aims at improving patient outcomes. This study examines the impact of trauma center level designation on survival of drowning victims.Retrospective cohort study utilizing the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) 2015. Descriptive, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted.The 212 patients were included. Mean age was 33.58 (±20.02) years with 69.3% (n = 147) males. Patients were mostly taken to Level I (n = 107, 50.5%) and II (n = 81, 32.8%) centers, requiring admission (43.5% (n = 96), 23.1% (n = 49) and 8.5% (n = 18) to Intensive Care, floor, and Operating Room, respectively). Overall hospital discharge survival was 83.5% (n = 177). After adjusting for confounders, there was no significant difference in survival of patients taken to Level I compared to Level II and III centers.This study did not identify a survival benefit for patients with drowning related injuries when taken to Level I compared to Level II or III Trauma centers. Further outcome studies are needed in organized trauma systems to improve field triage criteria for specific injury mechanisms.


Assuntos
Afogamento Iminente/complicações , Afogamento Iminente/terapia , Centros de Traumatologia , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Estados Unidos
13.
Am Surg ; 85(10): 1142-1145, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31657311

RESUMO

The ACS Committee on Trauma specifies prehospital criteria that trigger trauma team activation (TTA). The study aims to define the relationship between TTA and time of day, mechanism of injury, and need for operative intervention. All trauma patients presenting to LAC+USC (January 2008-July 2018) after triggering TTA were screened. Patients were excluded if time of ED arrival was undocumented. Demographics, injury data, and outcomes were analyzed. After exclusions (<1%), 54,826 patients were enrolled. The median age was 35 [IQR 23-53]. The median Injury Severity Score was 4 [1-10]. The most common mechanisms of injury were falls (n = 14,166; 31%), auto versus pedestrian collisions (n = 11,921; 26%), and motor vehicle collisions (n = 11,024; 24%). Penetrating trauma comprised 16 per cent (n = 8,686). The busiest hour for TTAs was 19:00 to 20:00, although penetrating trauma was most common between 23:00 and 01:00. Emergent surgical intervention in absolute numbers was most frequent between 20:00 and 01:00. As a proportion of the number of TTAs per hour, emergent operative intervention was most frequent between 23:00 and 06:00. In conclusion, the volume of TTAs and the triggering mechanism of injury vary significantly by time of day. The need for operative intervention is highest overnight. This information can be used to help increase hospital preparedness and allocate resources accordingly.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/etiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/etiologia , Escala Resumida de Ferimentos , Adulto , California/epidemiologia , Tratamento de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Triagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/mortalidade , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/mortalidade , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
14.
J Craniofac Surg ; 30(7): 2102-2105, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574784

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the efficacy of nerve injury unit mode and conventional management mode for the treatment of patients with moderate or severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS: Eighty patients with TBI in our hospital from July 2016 to December 2017 were included as observation groups (Treated with injury unit mode). Eighty-three patients with TBI from January 2015 to June 2016 were included as control group (Treated with conventional management mode). The incidence of complications, satisfaction rate, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) scores, Barthel index (BI), National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and average length of hospital stay of 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: Observation group achieved lower incidence of complications, higher satisfaction rate, higher GCS scores, higher GOS prognosis scores, higher BI, lower NIHSS scores, and shorter average length of hospital stay compared with control group (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the average hospitalization cost between 2 groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: For patients with TBI, the nerve injury unit mode can reduce the incidence of complications, improve patient satisfaction rate, shorten the hospitalization time, enhance the daily living ability, improve the patient's neurological function, improve the ability to return to society and have a significant role in promoting the rehabilitation of patients.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Escala de Coma de Glasgow , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Centros de Traumatologia
15.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 479-482, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559807

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Trauma is the third cause of death among the general population in Poland, and the first in people aged 1-44 years. Trauma centers are hospitals dedicated to treating patients with multiple organ injuries, in a complex way that endeavours to ensure a lower mortality rate, shorter hospital stay and better outcomes if the patients are transferred to such a center. Worldwide, there are many models on how to treat a trauma patient, but them to be qualified for the procedure, the selection of potential patients is crucial. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the Polish model for qualification to a trauma center and American Guidelines for Field Triage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of medical documentation recorded between 1 January 2014 - 31 December 2014 was undertaken. The study concerned trauma patients admitted to the Emergency Department of the Regional Trauma Center at the Copernicus Memorial Hospital in Lódz, Poland. Inclusion criterion was initial diagnosis 'multiple-organ injury' among patients transported by the Emergency Medical Service (EMS). RESULTS: In the period indicated, 3,173 patients were admitted to the Emergency Department at the Copernicus Memorial Hospital. From among them, 159 patients were included in the study. Only 13.2% of the patients fulfilled the Polish Qualification Criteria to Trauma Center in comparison to 87.4% who fulfilled the American Guidelines for Field Triage. CONCLUSIONS: Polish qualification criteria do not consider the large group of patients with severe injuries (ISS>15), but indicate patients with minimal chance of survival. Polish criteria do not consider the mechanism of injury, which is a relevant predictive indicator of severe or extremely severe injuries (ISS>15). Further studies should be undertaken to improve the qualification and treatment of trauma patients in Poland.


Assuntos
Centros de Traumatologia/normas , Triagem/normas , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Polônia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estados Unidos , Ferimentos e Lesões/mortalidade , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 821-829, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560301

RESUMO

Anticoagulated older adults suffering ground-level falls are a specialty trauma population at risk for intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). Delays in diagnosis or initiation of anticoagulation reversal can lead to increased morbidity/mortality. A novel "Headstrike" protocol was implemented to improve the treatment efficacy and disposition of these patients. The study objective was to determine effectiveness of the "Headstrike" protocol in providing these patients with timely treatment and disposition, while maintaining positive outcomes. A trauma performance improvement database was queried for all "Headstrike" activations for a 12-month period after implementation. Demographics, patient care, and health data were collected. Descriptive statistics were used for cohort analysis. Five hundred fifteen patients were activated as a "Headstrike" during the study period. Thirty eight patients were diagnosed with ICH (7.4%), 35 of whom were identified on initial imaging. Anticoagulation reversal was ordered for 84.6 per cent of these patients. Of the patients with negative initial CT, only three patients (0.8%) were found to have a delayed ICH on routine follow-up imaging. No anticoagulant/antiplatelet agent was associated with a significantly higher risk of ICH. Implementation of the "Headstrike" protocol resulted in trauma service line resources being used more efficiently, while ensuring high-quality, expeditious care to this population.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Protocolos Clínicos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Hemorragias Intracranianas/terapia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Traumatologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 877-882, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560307

RESUMO

The Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication (PIM) use is a list of medications with multiple risks in older patients. Approximately 24 per cent use rate is reported in prior studies. Our objective was to determine the local PIM use and subsequent fall risk in geriatric trauma patients. We conducted a retrospective analysis of PIM use in all geriatric patients evaluated at our Level 1 trauma center between 2014 and 2017. Patients were identified from our trauma database. Pre-admission medication use was determined through medication reconciliation from our electronic medical record (EMR). Patients not undergoing medication reconciliation were excluded. After initial analysis, patients were stratified by age into three groups: 65 to 74, 75 to 84, and ≥85 years. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to calculate odds ratios of falls for specific PIMs. In all, 2181 patients met the inclusion criteria. Overall, 71.2 per cent of geriatric trauma patients were prescribed at least one PIM-73.1 per cent of falls compared with 68.6 per cent for other mechanisms. Specific PIM use varied by age group. PIMs associated with fall risk in all patients included antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, and diclofenac. For those aged 65 to 74 years, antihistamines, diclofenac, proton pump inhibitors, and promethazine were associated. In those aged 75 to 84 years, alprazolam, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, cyclobenzaprine, diclofenac, and muscle relaxants were implicated. No significant associations were found for patients aged ≥85 years. PIM use at our trauma center seems to be rampant and well above the national average. Geriatric falls were associated with using ≥1 PIM and multiple specific PIMs implicated. We are designing a targeted educational program for local primary care physicians (PCPs) that will attempt to decrease geriatric PIM use.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Polimedicação , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Traumatologia
18.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 904-908, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560311

RESUMO

Delayed splenic bleeding (DSB) is a poorly understood complication of blunt splenic injury. Treatment for splenic bleeding may involve splenectomy, but angioembolization is becoming a widely used adjuvant for management. Using the North Carolina Trauma Registry, this study aimed to evaluate the incidence, mortality, and risk factors for DSB in North Carolina. Using ICD-9 and ICD-10 codes, patients were stratified into two cohorts, those who underwent immediate splenectomy and those who were initially managed nonoperatively. DSB was then defined as splenectomy at greater than 24 hours after presentation. Of the 1688 patients included in the study, 269 patients (16%) underwent immediate splenectomy and 1419 (84%) were managed nonoperatively initially, with 32 (2%) having delayed splenectomy. Older age (≥30 years) was associated with increased odds of having delayed splenectomy (odds ratio 4.30; 95% confidence interval 1.08, 17.17; P = 0.04). Four per cent of patients managed nonoperatively and undergoing an angioembolization procedure eventually required splenectomy. Risk factors for DSB remain elusive. Splenic artery embolization may be used as an adjuvant to splenectomy for stable patients, but it is not always a definitive treatment, and patients may still require splenectomy.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemorragia/terapia , Baço/lesões , Esplenectomia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Feminino , Hemorragia/mortalidade , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , North Carolina/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Artéria Esplênica/lesões , Centros de Traumatologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/mortalidade
19.
Am Surg ; 85(8): 923-926, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560313

RESUMO

The extended focused assessment with sonography for trauma (eFAST) ultrasound examination is an essential step in the initial assessment of trauma patients. Its accuracy depends on the ability to acquire high-quality ultrasound images, and we hypothesized that increasing BMI was associated with increased odds for incorrect eFAST. All adult blunt trauma activations at a high-volume urban trauma center in 2016 that underwent eFAST and CT chest, abdomen, and pelvis were included (n = 446). Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy of the eFAST were calculated with CT results as reference. The association of BMI and eFAST accuracy was determined using univariate analyses. Sensitivity and specificity of the eFAST examination were 27.1 per cent and 91.7 per cent, respectively, with an overall 76.2 per cent accuracy. At BMI 36 kg/m², the odds of having incorrect eFAST results increased to odds ratio (OR) = 1.85 (95% confidence interval, 1.03-3.32; P = 0.05). For those with BMI > 40 kg/m², the OR increased to OR = 3.12 (95% confidence interval, 1.45-6.69; P = 0.01). One-third of patients in this study were obese or morbidly obese. The latter was associated with increased odds for incorrect eFAST results, particularly the abdominal examination component.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Traumatismos Torácicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidentes por Quedas , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Centros de Traumatologia
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