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1.
Musculoskeletal Care ; 22(2): e1894, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Understanding the influence of contextual factors (CFs) on interventions for mechanical neck pain (MNP) is essential for evidence-based practice in physical therapy. However, the specific effects and synergies of combining different CFs remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: The primary purpose of this study will be to determine if a CFs-Enriched Standard Care (SC) approach is an effective treatment for MNP in terms of reducing pain and improving function. METHODS: This will be an assessor-blinded, 2-group (1:1) randomised clinical trial (RCT) aiming to enrol 94 participants with neck pain persisting for more than 4 weeks. Both groups will undergo 4 weeks of SC twice weekly, following established clinical practice guidelines. In the intervention group, CFs will be enhanced, encompassing the physical, psychological, and social elements inherent in the clinical encounter, based on existing evidence. The primary outcomes will encompass changes in pain and disability after 4 weeks of treatment, with a follow-up reassessment at week 12 post-treatment. Secondary outcomes will include changes in Active Range of Motion, Global Rating of Change, and Satisfaction with treatment. The change between groups after treatment and at the 12-week follow-up will be reported for all outcomes, considering the difference from scores recorded at baseline. RESULTS: We hypothesise that a 4-week CFs-Enriched SC approach will be superior to SC alone in terms of patient-reported disability and pain, with measurements conducted using the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire and the Numeric Pain Rating Scale, respectively. CONCLUSION: This RCT rigorously assesses the effect of purposeful manipulation of CFs during MNP treatment. By elucidating the role of these factors, our findings have the potential to significantly refine clinical practice in managing MNP, thereby enhancing patient care, and advancing the fields of physical therapy and rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Humanos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Medição da Dor
2.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 34(5): 551-555, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38720215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the radiological outcome and development of heterotopic ossification (HO) following single-segment anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and cervical disc replacement (CDR) for cervical disc herniation and evaluate their impact on surgical success. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive comparative study. Place and Duration of the Study: Neurosurgery Department at Bozyaka Education and Research Hospital, Izmir, Turkiye, between January 2020 and June 2022. METHODOLOGY: Patients aged 18-70 years with radicular neck pain unresponsive to conventional medical treatment and an MRI-confirmed diagnosis were included. Patients with osteoporosis (OP) were excluded. Patients were randomised into two treatment groups (ACDF and CDR) and stratified by age and symptom severity. Radiographic assessments and HO classification according to McAfee were performed. RESULTS: Among the included patients, 56 underwent ACDF and 45 underwent CDR. The mean patient age was 48.29 ± 9.530 and 41.84 ± 7.239 years in the ACDF and CDR groups, respectively (p <0.001). The postoperative disc height increased in both groups. The T1 slope was significantly higher preoperatively and in the early postoperative period in the CDR group than in the ACDF group (p = 0.001). HO was graded as 1, 2, 3, and 4 in 28 (27.7%), 6 (5.9%), 7 (6.9%), and 4 (3%) patients, respectively. CONCLUSION: ACDF and CDR provided similar improvements in radiological measurements and pain relief. Although both procedures significantly enhanced the patient's quality of life and disability scores, HO was more prevalent following CDR during long-term follow-up. KEY WORDS: Cervical disc replacement, Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, Spinal surgery techniques, Heterotopic ossification.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Discotomia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Substituição Total de Disco , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Discotomia/métodos , Masculino , Feminino , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Substituição Total de Disco/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Cervicalgia/cirurgia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Idoso , Ossificação Heterotópica/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem , Adolescente
3.
Lasers Med Sci ; 39(1): 124, 2024 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38709332

RESUMO

The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effects of high-intensity laser therapy (HILT) on pain, disability, and range of movement in patients with neck pain. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of HILT for neck pain disorders were searched across databases such as PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, CINAHL, Science Direct, Cochrane Library, the PEDro database, and Google Scholar (updated January 7, 2024). The main outcome was pain intensity, with neck disability and cervical range of motion as secondary outcomes. Researchers reviewed article titles and abstracts from different databases using the Rayyan web app. Study quality was assessed using the Cochrane risk of bias tool, and evidence-based recommendations were developed using the GRADE approach. A meta-analysis was conducted to calculate the pooled effect in terms of mean differences (MD) for the outcomes of interest, along with a 95% confidence interval (95% CI). Twenty studies met the selection criteria and were potentially eligible for inclusion in the meta-analysis. At the end of the treatment, there was a statistically significant (p < 0.01) pooled MD of -14.1 mm for pain intensity (17 RCTs) with the VAS (95% CI:-18.4,-9.7), 3.9° (95% CI:1.9,6.7) for cervical extension (9 RCTs), and -8.3% (95% CI:-14.1,-4.1) for disability diminish (12 RCTs) with the neck disability index in favor of HILT. Only the results for pain intensity are in line with the minimal clinically important differences (MCID) reported in the literature. Overall, the evidence was deemed significant but with low certainty, attributed to observed heterogeneity and some risk of bias among the RCTs. HILT demonstrates effectiveness in reducing neck pain and disability while enhancing cervical extension when added to other physical therapy interventions, especially therapeutic exercise, based on a moderate level of evidence. This review highlights that the most favorable results are obtained when HILT is employed to address myofascial pain, cervical radiculopathy and chronic neck pain.PROSPERO registration number: CRD42023387394 (Registration date, 14/01/2023).


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Cervicalgia/radioterapia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Medição da Dor
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 346, 2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38693515

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cervical kinesthesia is an important part of movement control and of great importance for daily function. Previous research on kinesthesia in whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) has focused on grades I-II. More research is needed on WAD grade III. The aim of this study was to investigate cervical kinesthesia in individuals with WAD grades II-III before and after a neck-specific exercise intervention and compare them to healthy controls. METHODS: A prospective, case-control study with a treatment arm (n = 30) and a healthy control arm (n = 30) was conducted in Sweden. The WAD group received a neck-specific exercise program for 12 weeks. The primary outcome to evaluate kinesthesia was neck movement control (the Fly test). Secondary outcomes were neck disability, dizziness and neck pain intensity before and after the Fly test. Outcomes were measured at baseline and post-treatment. The control arm underwent measurements at baseline except for the dizziness questionnaire. A linear mixed model was used to evaluate difference between groups (WAD and control) and over time, with difficulty level in the Fly test and gender as factors. RESULTS: Between-group analysis showed statistically significant differences in three out of five kinesthetic metrics (p = 0.002 to 0.008), but not for the WAD-group follow-up versus healthy control baseline measurements. Results showed significant improvements for the WAD-group over time for three out of five kinaesthesia metrics (p < 0.001 to 0.008) and for neck disability (p < 0.001) and pain (p = 0.005), but not for dizziness (p = 0.70). CONCLUSIONS: The exercise program shows promising results in improving kinesthesia and reducing neck pain and disability in the chronic WAD phase. Future research might benefit from focusing on adding kinesthetic exercises to the exercise protocol and evaluating its beneficial effects on dizziness or further improvement in kinesthesia. IMPACT STATEMENT: Kinesthesia can be improved in chronic WAD patients without the use of specific kinesthetic exercises. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT03664934), first registration approved 11/09/2018.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício , Cinestesia , Traumatismos em Chicotada , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Traumatismos em Chicotada/terapia , Traumatismos em Chicotada/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos em Chicotada/complicações , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Prospectivos , Cinestesia/fisiologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Doença Crônica , Suécia , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia
5.
Prim Care ; 51(2): 345-358, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38692779

RESUMO

Back pain and neck pain are common in clinical practice, but significant challenges and pitfalls exist in their diagnosis, treatment, and management. From the neurologic standpoint, cervical radiculopathy and lumbosacral radiculopathy are characterized by neck pain or back pain accompanied by sensory and motor symptoms in an arm or leg. The basic neurologic examination is vital, but testing like electromyography and MRI is often needed especially in cases that fail conservative management. Oral medications, injection-based therapies, physical therapy, and surgical evaluation all have a place in the comprehensive neurologic management of back and neck pain and associated radiculopathy.


Assuntos
Dor nas Costas , Cervicalgia , Radiculopatia , Humanos , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico , Radiculopatia/terapia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/terapia , Dor nas Costas/diagnóstico , Dor nas Costas/etiologia , Exame Neurológico/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Eletromiografia
6.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303166, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have identified the benefits of exercise for chronic neck pain on subjective reports of pain, but not with objective measures such as quantitative sensory testing (QST). A systematic review was conducted to identify the effects of neck specific exercise on QST measures in adults with chronic neck pain to synthesise existing literature and provide clinical recommendations. METHODS: The study protocol was registered prospectively with PROSPERO (PROSPERO CRD42021297383). For both randomised and non-randomised trials, the following databases and trial registries were searched: AMED, CINAHL, Embase, Google Scholar, Medline, PEDro, PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus, Science Citation Index and Social Science Citation Index from Web of Science Core Collection, clinicaltrials.gov, GreyOpen, and ISRCTN registry. These searches were conducted from inception to February 2022 and were updated until September 2023. Reference lists of eligible studies were screened. Study selection was performed independently by two reviewers, with data extraction and quality appraisal completed by one reviewer and independently ratified by a second reviewer. Due to high heterogeneity, narrative synthesis was performed with results grouped by exercise type. FINDINGS: Three trials were included. Risk of bias was rated as moderate and the certainty of evidence as low or moderate for all studies. All exercise groups demonstrated statistically significant improvement at an intermediate-term follow-up, with progressive resistance training combined with graded physical training demonstrating the highest certainty of evidence. Fixed resistance training demonstrated statistically significant improvement in QST measures at a short-term assessment. INTERPRETATION: Fixed resistance training is effective for short-term changes in pain sensitivity based on low-quality evidence, whilst moderate-quality evidence supports progressive resistance training combined with graded physical training for intermediate-term changes in pain sensitivity.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Terapia por Exercício , Cervicalgia , Humanos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Adulto , Medição da Dor/métodos , Exercício Físico/fisiologia
7.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0294100, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38781273

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine if a 4-week manual therapy treatment restores normal functioning of central pain processing mechanisms in non-specific chronic neck pain (NSCNP), as well as the existence of a possible relationship between changes in pain processing mechanisms and clinical outcome. DESIGN: Cohort study. METHODS: Sixty-three patients with NSCNP, comprising 79% female, with a mean age of 45.8 years (standard deviation: 14.3), received four treatment sessions (once a week) of manual therapy including articular passive mobilizations, soft tissue mobilization and trigger point treatment. Pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), conditioned pain modulation (CPM) and temporal summation of pain (TSP) were evaluated at baseline and after treatment completion. Therapy outcome was measured using the Global Rating of Change Scale (GROC), the Neck disability Index (NDI), intensity of pain during the last 24 hours, Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK) and Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS). Two sets of generalized linear mixed models with Gaussian response and the identity link were employed to evaluate the effect of the intervention on clinical, psychological and psychophysical measures and the association between psychophysical and clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Following treatment, an increased CPM response (Coefficient: 0.89; 95% credibility interval = 0.14 to 1.65; P = .99) and attenuated TSP (Coefficient: -0.63; 95% credibility interval = -0.82 to -0.43; P = 1.00) were found, along with amelioration of pain and improved clinical status. PPTs at trapezius muscle on the side of neck pain were increased after therapy (Coefficient: 0.22; 95% credibility interval = 0.03 to 0.42; P = .98), but not those on the contralateral trapezius and tibialis anterior muscles. Only minor associations were found between normalization of TSP/CPM and measures of clinical outcome. CONCLUSION: Clinical improvement after manual therapy is accompanied by restoration of CPM and TSP responses to normal levels in NSCNP patients. The existence of only minor associations between changes in central pain processing and clinical outcome suggests multiple mechanisms of action of manual therapy in NSCNP.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas , Cervicalgia , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor , Humanos , Feminino , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Dor Crônica/terapia , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Manipulações Musculoesqueléticas/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Coortes
8.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 38: 100-105, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763548

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of computer typing in a slump posture on pain, proprioception and muscle recruitment has not been extensively investigated. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the extent of pain, proprioception and muscle activity resulting from computer typing in a slump posture in women who already suffer from chronic neck pain. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between May 20 to July 10, 2021. A total of 15 female 42-(±4.96)-year-old office workers with chronic non-specific neck pain participated in this study. Before and after 60 min of computer typing in a slump posture, proprioception and pain were measured using an inclinometer and visual analog scale (VAS), respectively. The activity of the cervical erector spine (CES) and upper trapezius (UT) muscle was also measured before and after the slump-posture computer typing, in upright, forward, and slump postures. RESU: lts: Paired-samples t-tests showed that pain was increased and proprioception in all directions (flexion, extension, right and left lateral flexion, and right, and left rotation) was less accurate (P < 0.05) after 60 min computer typing. The CES and UT muscle activity were elevated more in the forward head and slump posture than in the upright posture (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Sixty minutes computer typing in a slump posture increased neck pain, resulted in a decreased proprioception in the neck and was accompanied by an increased activity of the neck musculature.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Postura , Propriocepção , Humanos , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Postura/fisiologia , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição da Dor , Dor Crônica/fisiopatologia , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/fisiopatologia , Músculos Superficiais do Dorso/fisiologia , Eletromiografia , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiologia , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
9.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 38: 263-268, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763568

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal (MSK) pain includes a wide variety of causes and conditions. Despite the heterogeneity of MSK pain, it is possible to identify some common clinical features and treatments. Heat therapy (HT) is one of the most common and could be a suitable non-pharmacological approach. OBJECTIVE: To obtain a European overview on the use of non-pharmacological approaches and the role of heat therapy in the treatment of MSK pain. METHODS: Through a two-cycle Delphi-like method, an international board of experts reached a consensus on 13 questions for a survey to healthcare professionals who provide direct patient care. Between November 2021 and January 2022, the resulting web survey was distributed to professionals with the collaboration of ten European scientific societies and associations. Univariate and bivariate analyses were performed on collected data. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-two answers were validated. Most of the respondents had extensive professional experience. Participants were widely distributed throughout Europe. HT is administered to about 50% of patients, with a higher percentage administered to those affected by low back pain (92%) and neck pain (84%). The choice of exogenous HT is based on both personal clinical experience and scientific evidence. HT is primarily chosen due to its relaxation effect, high safety profile and enhancement of tissue perfusion. The use of HT is recommended by 86.5% of respondents. CONCLUSION: Experts indicate that exogenous HT represents a valid therapeutic choice and is widely used in Europe. Patients should be informed about the use of heat therapy as a valuable self-management therapy option.


Assuntos
Técnica Delphi , Humanos , Dor Musculoesquelética/terapia , Europa (Continente) , Hipertermia Induzida/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Lombar/terapia , Temperatura Alta , Cervicalgia/terapia , Feminino , Masculino
10.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 38: 323-328, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38763576

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Movement System Impairment (MSI) classification and treatment effectively diagnose and treat the individual with neck pain. There is a lacuna in the current neck pain management guidelines addressing movement-specific mechanical diagnosis. MSI is based on the movement-specific mechanical diagnosis and kinesiopathologic model. PURPOSE: The present study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of the movement system impairment model among neck pain individuals. METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Eighty-two participants were screened for eligibility; Sixty individuals fulfilling the inclusion criteria were randomized into the experimental group (n = 30) and control group (n = 30). A total of 52 individuals completed the study, 26 in both groups. The experimental and the control group received treatment as recommended by the MSI model and clinical practice guideline (CPG) for neck pain with mobility deficits. All participants were assessed for pain intensity, cervical range of motion, deep cervical muscle strength, endurance, and disability at baseline and the end of 3rd week of treatment. RESULTS: Significant differences were found in pain intensity, cervical range of motion, cervical muscle strength, endurance, and disability with both groups at the end of 10 sessions of treatment spread over three weeks (p < 0.05). However, the experimental group (MSI) demonstrated more clinical benefits than CPG based neck mobility deficits treatment. CONCLUSION: The movement system impairment model may effectively diagnose and treat neck pain in individuals with mobility deficits. Future research is warranted to establish its long-term effect.


Assuntos
Força Muscular , Cervicalgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Humanos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Masculino , Adulto , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos , Músculos do Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , Movimento/fisiologia
11.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303066, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728251

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: People with chronic neck pain (CNP) commonly exhibit a range of physical impairments including cervical proprioceptive deficits. Assessing proprioception using a head mounted laser to assess joint position error (JPE) is a reliable and valid measure. However, the responsiveness of this measure has not been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To assess the responsiveness of the measure of cervical JPE after a 4-week home-based neck proprioceptive training intervention in people with CNP. DESIGN: An observational study to assess the responsiveness of the measure of cervical JPE. METHODS: The JPE test was assessed in people with CNP before and after 4 weeks of neck proprioception training. JPE was assessed as participants performed neck joint position sense tests for flexion, extension, right rotation, and left rotation in sitting and standing which were performed in a random order. Both the absolute and constant JPE were assessed. The intervention consisted of neck repositioning exercises as well as movement sense exercises. Cohen's d effect size was used to assess the internal responsiveness of the JPE test. The Pearson's correlation was used to assess the change of scores of the laser pointer and measures from inertial measurement units (IMUs) (external responsiveness). RESULTS: After 4 weeks of proprioception training, JPE assessed in sitting reduced from 2.69◦-3.57◦ to 1.88◦-1.98◦ for flexion, extension, and right rotation with large effect sizes (Cohen's d range: 1.25-2.00). For left rotation, JPE reduced from 3.23◦ to 1.9◦, and the effect size was close to being large (Cohen's d: 0.79). When assessed in standing, JPE reduced from 3.49◦-4.52◦ to 1.5◦-2.33◦ with large effect sizes (Cohen's d range: 0.89-1.25) for flexion, extension, right rotation, and left rotation. Large effect sizes were not observed for the constant JPE when assessed in either sitting or standing. The assessment of the external responsiveness revealed weak correlations between the change of scores obtained from the laser pointer and the IMUs for all movements, apart from the constant JPE in sitting for left rotation, which showed a strong correlation (r = 0.7). CONCLUSION: The results of this study showed that the measure of the JPE has sufficient internal responsiveness, however, the external responsiveness was inadequate. Further research is advised.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Propriocepção , Humanos , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/fisiologia , Pescoço/fisiologia , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 376, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741076

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The traditional understanding of craniocervical alignment emphasizes specific anatomical landmarks. However, recent research has challenged the reliance on forward head posture as the primary diagnostic criterion for neck pain. An advanced relationship exists between neck pain and craniocervical alignment, which requires a deeper exploration of diverse postures and movement patterns using advanced techniques, such as clustering analysis. We aimed to explore the complex relationship between craniocervical alignment, and neck pain and to categorize alignment patterns in individuals with nonspecific neck pain using the K-means algorithm. METHODS: This study included 229 office workers with nonspecific neck pain who applied unsupervised machine learning techniques. The craniocervical angles (CCA) during rest, protraction, and retraction were measured using two-dimensional video analysis, and neck pain severity was assessed using the Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire (NPQ). CCA during sitting upright in a comfortable position was assessed to evaluate the resting CCA. The average of midpoints between repeated protraction and retraction measures was considered as the midpoint CCA. The K-means algorithm helped categorize participants into alignment clusters based on age, sex and CCA data. RESULTS: We found no significant correlation between NPQ scores and CCA data, challenging the traditional understanding of neck pain and alignment. We observed a significant difference in age (F = 140.14, p < 0.001), NPQ total score (F = 115.83, p < 0.001), resting CCA (F = 79.22, p < 0.001), CCA during protraction (F = 33.98, p < 0.001), CCA during retraction (F = 40.40, p < 0.001), and midpoint CCA (F = 66.92, p < 0.001) among the three clusters and healthy controls. Cluster 1 was characterized by the lowest resting and midpoint CCA, and CCA during pro- and -retraction, indicating a significant forward head posture and a pattern of retraction restriction. Cluster 2, the oldest group, showed CCA measurements similar to healthy controls, yet reported the highest NPQ scores. Cluster 3 exhibited the highest CCA during protraction and retraction, suggesting a limitation in protraction movement. DISCUSSION: Analyzing 229 office workers, three distinct alignment patterns were identified, each with unique postural characteristics; therefore, treatments addressing posture should be individualized and not generalized across the population.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Postura , Aprendizado de Máquina não Supervisionado , Humanos , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Postura/fisiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise por Conglomerados , Cabeça , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Movimento/fisiologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Movimentos da Cabeça/fisiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0303365, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38728246

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND: Neck pain is a burdensome condition associated with pain, disability, and economic cost. Neck pain has been associated with observable changes in neuromuscular function and biomechanics. Prior research shows impairments in kinematic control, including reduced mobility, velocity, and smoothness of cervical motion. However, the strength of association between these impairments and patient-reported pain and disability is unclear rendering development of novel and relevant rehabilitation strategies difficult. The aim of this systematic review is to synthesize existing evidence on the strength of association between clinical biomechanical metrics of neck function (ROM, strength, acceleration, accuracy, smoothness, etc.) and patient-reported neck pain and disability. METHODS/ANALYSIS: This protocol follows Cochrane guidelines and adheres to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P). MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, Web of Science and Scopus will be searched, along with the gray literature, up to 20 November 2023, using terms and keywords derived from initial scoping searches. Observational studies, including cohorts and cross-sectional studies, that explore associations between clinical biomechanics of the neck and patient-reported outcomes of neck pain or disability will be included. Two reviewers will independently perform study selection, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment (National Institute of Health tool). Data will be synthesized using either a random effects meta-analytic approach or qualitatively using a modified Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) approach, dependent on the homogeneity of data available. DISCUSSION AND RELEVANCE: This review addresses a gap in the literature by systematically synthesizing findings on the relationship between neck function impairments and patient-reported outcomes. It will identify priorities for neck pain rehabilitation and gaps in current knowledge. DISSEMINATION: The results of this review will be disseminated through a peer-reviewed publication, conference presentation, and lay language summaries posted on an open-access website. TRIAL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO Registration number: CRD42023417317. https://www.crd.york.ac.uk/prospero/display_record.php?ID=CRD42023417317.


Assuntos
Vértebras Cervicais , Metanálise como Assunto , Cervicalgia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Humanos , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Vértebras Cervicais/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
15.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11781, 2024 05 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38783089

RESUMO

This study explored the application of machine learning in predicting post-treatment outcomes for chronic neck pain patients undergoing a multimodal program featuring cervical extension traction (CET). Pre-treatment demographic and clinical variables were used to develop predictive models capable of anticipating modifications in cervical lordotic angle (CLA), pain and disability of 570 patients treated between 2014 and 2020. Linear regression models used pre-treatment variables of age, body mass index, CLA, anterior head translation, disability index, pain score, treatment frequency, duration and compliance. These models used the sci-kit-learn machine learning library within Python for implementing linear regression algorithms. The linear regression models demonstrated high precision and accuracy, and effectively explained 30-55% of the variability in post-treatment outcomes, the highest for the CLA. This pioneering study integrates machine learning into spinal rehabilitation. The developed models offer valuable information to customize interventions, set realistic expectations, and optimize treatment strategies based on individual patient characteristics as treated conservatively with rehabilitation programs using CET as part of multimodal care.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Aprendizado de Máquina , Cervicalgia , Tração , Humanos , Cervicalgia/terapia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Crônica/terapia , Adulto , Tração/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vértebras Cervicais
16.
Musculoskelet Sci Pract ; 71: 102949, 2024 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Dynamic Neuromuscular Stabilization (DNS) diaphragm test and intra-abdominal pressure regulation test (IAPRT) are qualitative clinical tests that assess postural stability provided by the diaphragm. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the inter-rater reliability of the diaphragm test and IAPRT between an experienced and novice DNS clinician among individuals with non-specific low back pain (LBP) and neck pain. METHODS: Forty-five participants with non-specific LBP and/or neck pain were assessed by an experienced and novice DNS physiotherapist in the diaphragm test and IAPRT, and scored on a visual analog scale (VAS) according to five different criteria. RESULTS: Moderate reliability was noted when assessing LBP and neck pain patients in the diaphragm test and IAPRT (p < 0.001). Moderate reliability also existed when assessing only LBP (p < 0.001) or neck pain (p = 0.002, p = 0.009) independently. Patients with lower pain (NPRS score of 5 or < ) demonstrated lower intra-class correlation coefficients, yet still moderate reliability in the diaphragm test (p = 0.004) and IAPRT (p = 0.001). Patients with higher pain (NPRS score of 6 or > ) demonstrated greater intra-class correlation coefficients, with the diaphragm test resulting in good reliability (p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The diaphragm test and IAPRT demonstrate moderate reliability between an experienced and novice DNS clinician when evaluating LBP and neck pain patients, with a greater degree of reliability noted in patients suffering from higher reported pain.


Assuntos
Diafragma , Dor Lombar , Cervicalgia , Humanos , Feminino , Dor Lombar/fisiopatologia , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico , Masculino , Adulto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Diafragma/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/fisiopatologia , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor/métodos , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Variações Dependentes do Observador
17.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38663893

RESUMO

Vitamin B12 is required for the formation of haematopoietic cells and the synthesis of myelin. Deficiency typically presents with fatigue and megaloblastic anaemia. Prolonged deficiency can cause neurological symptoms such as paresthesia, which can progress to subacute combined degeneration of the spinal cord. We describe an unusual presentation of B12 deficiency in a young man who was initially diagnosed and treated for cervical radiculopathy. This case highlights the challenges of diagnosing B12 deficiency in patients with neurologic but without haematologic, abnormalities. While the current incidence of B12 deficiency in developed countries is low, cases are likely to rise with the increased adoption of veganism. Clinicians should be aware of the variable presentations of B12 deficiency because delayed diagnosis and treatment increases morbidity and can cause irreversible neurological deficits.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Radiculopatia , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12 , Vitamina B 12 , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Vértebras Cervicais , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Cervicalgia/etiologia , Radiculopatia/etiologia , Radiculopatia/diagnóstico , Vitamina B 12/uso terapêutico , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/complicações , Deficiência de Vitamina B 12/diagnóstico
18.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0295352, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38568955

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The burden and impact of neck pain is high in African countries including Nigeria. This study investigated the occupational biomechanical and occupational psychosocial factors associated with neck pain intensity, neck disability and sick leave amongst construction labourers in an urban Nigerian population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study measured clinical neck pain outcomes, occupational biomechanical factors, and occupational psychosocial factors. Descriptive, and univariate/multivariate inferential statistical analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Significant independent factors associated with neck pain intensity were order and pace of tasks being dependent on others (ß = 0.35; p<0.0001); inability to take breaks in addition to scheduled breaks (ß = 0.25; p<0.0001); inability to work because of unexpected events (ß = 0.21; p<0.0001); inability to control the order and pace of tasks (ß = 0.20; p<0.0001); and weight of load (ß = 0.17; p<0.0001); accounting for 53% of the variance in neck pain intensity. Significant independent factors associated with neck disability were weight of load (ß = 0.30; p<0.0001); duration of load carriage (ß = 0.16; p = 0.01); working under time pressure/deadlines (ß = 0.16; p = 0.02); and accounting for 20% of the variance in neck disability. Significant independent factor associated with sick leave was duration of load carriage (ß = 0.15; p = 0.04), in a non-significant regression model explaining -4% of the variance in sick leave. Addition of pain intensity significantly explained more variance in neck disability (31.0%) but less variance in sick leave (-5%), which was not statistically significant (F (10, 190) = 0.902, p = 0.533). CONCLUSIONS: Occupational biomechanical factors may be more important than occupational psychosocial factors in explaining neck disability and sick leave. In contrast, occupational psychosocial factors may be more important than occupational biomechanical factors in explaining neck pain intensity in this population in Nigeria.


Assuntos
Cervicalgia , Licença Médica , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Medição da Dor , Nigéria/epidemiologia
19.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 252, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561733

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic neck pain (CNP) is a common public health problem that affects daily living activities and quality of life. There is biomechanical interdependence between the neck and scapula. Studies have shown that shoulder blade function might be related to chronic neck pain. We therefore evaluated the effects of scapular targeted therapy on neck pain and function in patients with CNP. METHODS: Databases, including MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE (via Ovid), Ovid, Web of Science, and Scopus, were systematically searched for randomized controlled trials published in English investigating treatment of the scapula for CNP before July 16, 2023. RESULTS: A total of 313 participants were included from 8 RCTs. Compared with those in the control group, the intervention in the scapular treatment group exhibited greater improvement in pain intensity (standardized mean difference (SMD) = 2.55; 95% CI = 0.97 to 4.13; P = 0.002), with moderate evidence. Subgroup analysis for pain intensity revealed a significant difference between the sexes, with only the female population (SMD = 6.23, 95% CI = 4.80 to 7.65) showing better outcomes than those with both sexes (SMD = 1.07, 95% CI = 0.57 to 1.56) (p < 0.00001). However, moderate evidence demonstrated no improvement in neck disability after scapular treatment (SMD of 0.24[-0.14, 0.62] of Neck Disability Index or Northwick Park Neck Pain Questionnaire). No effect of scapular treatment was shown on the pressure pain threshold (PPT). The cervical range of motion (CROM) and electromyographic activity of neck muscles could not be conclusively evaluated due to limited support in the articles, and further study was needed. However, the patient's head forward posture appeared to be corrected after scapular treatment. CONCLUSION: Scapular therapy was beneficial for relieving pain intensity in patients with CNP, especially in women. Head forward posture might also be corrected with scapular therapy. However, scapular therapy may have no effect on the PPT or neck disability. However, whether scapular therapy could improve CROM and cervical muscle activation in patients with CNPs had not been determined and needed further study.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Cervicalgia , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Cervicalgia/diagnóstico , Cervicalgia/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Pescoço , Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Dor Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Escápula
20.
J Glob Health ; 14: 04066, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38574355

RESUMO

Background: Neck pain has become very common in China and has greatly affected individuals, families, and society in general. In this study, we aimed to report on the rates and trends of the prevalence, incidence, and years lived with disability (YLDs) caused by neck pain in the general population of China from 1990 to 2019. Methods: We used data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2019 (GBD 2019) study to estimate the number and age standardised rates per 100 000 population of neck pain point prevalence, annual incidence, and YLDs in 33 provinces/municipalities/autonomous regions of China, stratified by age, sex, and sociodemographic index (SDI) from 1990 to 2019. We then compared these estimates with other G20 countries. Results: There were 6.80 × 107 patients with neck pain in 2019, presenting an increase from 3.79 × 107 in 1990. Likewise, the national age-standardised point prevalence increased slightly from 3.53% in 1990 to 3.57% in 2019. The YLDs increased by 78.08%, from 3814 × 103 in 1990 to 6792 × 103 in 2019. The age-standardised YLDs rate increased 1.50% from 352.84 in 1990 to 358.10 in 2019. The point prevalence of neck pain in 2019 was higher in females compared with males. These estimates were all above the global average level and increased more rapidly among G20 countries from 1990 to 2019. We generally observed a positive association between age-standardised YLD rates for neck pain and SDI, suggesting the burden is higher at higher sociodemographic indices. Conclusions: Neck pain is a serious public health problem in the general population in China, especially in its central and western regions, with an overall increasing trend in the last three decades. This is possibly related to changes of people's lifestyles and work patterns due to improvements in societal well-being and technology. Raising awareness of risk factors for neck pain in the general population and establishing effective preventive and treatment strategies could help reduce the future burden of neck disorders.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Carga Global da Doença , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Incidência , China/epidemiologia , Saúde Global
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