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1.
Neoplasia ; 51: 100991, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38507887

RESUMO

Dihydroartemisinin (DHA) exerts an anti-tumor effect in multiple cancers, however, the molecular mechanism of DHA and whether DHA facilitates the anti-tumor efficacy of cisplatin in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) are unclear. Here, we found that DHA potentiated the anti-tumor effects of cisplatin in NSCLC cells by stimulating reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, C-Jun-amino-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK signaling pathways both in vitro and in vivo. Of note, we demonstrated for the first time that DHA inhibits prostaglandin G/H synthase 1 (PTGS1) expression, resulting in enhanced ROS production. Importantly, silencing PTGS1 sensitized DHA-induced cell death by increasing ROS production and activating ER-stress, JNK and p38 MAPK signaling pathways. In summary, our findings provided new experimental basis and therapeutic prospect for the combined therapy with DHA and cisplatin in some NSCLC patients.


Assuntos
Artemisininas , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Humanos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Apoptose , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Morte Celular , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/farmacologia
2.
Bioorg Chem ; 145: 107244, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38428284

RESUMO

Complications of the worldwide use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) sparked scientists to design novel harmless alternatives as an urgent need. So, a unique hybridization tactic of quinoline/pyrazole/thioamide (4a-c) has been rationalized and synthesized as potential COX-2/15-LOX dual inhibitors, utilizing relevant reported studies on these pharmacophores. Moreover, we extended these preceding hybrids into more varied functionality, bearing crucial thiazole scaffolds(5a-l). All the synthesized hybrids were evaluatedin vitroas COX-2/15-LOX dual inhibitors. Initially, series4a-cexhibited significant potency towards 15-LOX inhibition (IC50 = 5.454-4.509 µM) compared to meclofenamate sodium (IC50 = 3.837 µM). Moreover, they revealed reasonable inhibitory activities against the COX-2 enzyme in comparison to celecoxib.Otherwise, conjugates 5a-ldisclosed marked inhibitory activity against 15-LOX and strong inhibitory to COX-2. In particular, hybrids5d(IC50 = 0.239 µM, SI = 8.95), 5h(IC50 = 0.234 µM, SI = 20.35) and 5l (IC50 = 0.201 µM, SI = 14.42) revealed more potency and selectivity outperforming celecoxib (IC50 = 0.512 µM, SI = 4.28). In addition, the most potentcompounds, 4a, 5d, 5h, and 5l have been elected for further in vivoevaluation and displayed potent inhibition of edema in the carrageenan-induced rat paw edema test that surpassed indomethacin. Further, compounds5d, 5h, and 5l decreased serum inflammatory markers including oxidative biomarkersiNO, and pro-inflammatory mediators cytokines like TNF-α, IL-6, and PGE. Ulcerogenic liability for tested compounds demonstrated obvious gastric mucosal safety. Furthermore, a histopathological study for compound 5l suggested a confirmatory comprehensive safety profile for stomach, kidney, and heart tissues. Docking and drug-likeness studies offered a good convention with the obtained biological investigation.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Quinolinas , Ratos , Animais , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/uso terapêutico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estrutura Molecular
3.
J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem ; 39(1): 2309171, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38291670

RESUMO

New thymol-3,4-disubstitutedthiazole hybrids were synthesised as dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitors. Compounds 6b, 6d, 6e, and 6f displayed in vitro inhibitory activity against COX-2 (IC50= 0.037, 0.042, 0.046, and 0.039 µM) nearly equal to celecoxib (IC50= 0.045 µM). 6b, 6d, and 6f showed SI (379, 341, and 374, respectively) higher than that of celecoxib (327). 6a-l elicited in vitro 5-LOX inhibitory activity higher than quercetin. 6a-f, 6i-l, 7a, and 7c possessed in vivo inhibition of formalin induced paw edoema higher than celecoxib. 6a, 6b, 6f, 6h-l, and 7b showed gastrointestinal safety profile as celecoxib and diclofenac sodium in the population of fasted rats. Induced fit docking and molecular dynamics simulation predicted good fitting of 6b and 6f without changing the packing and globularity of the apo protein. In conclusion, 6b and 6f achieved the target goal as multitarget inhibitors of inflammation.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Timol , Ratos , Animais , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Celecoxib , Timol/farmacologia , Tiazóis/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Estrutura Molecular
4.
Eur J Med Chem ; 266: 116138, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219658

RESUMO

As a new approach to the management of inflammatory disorders, a series of chromone-based derivatives containing a (carbamate)hydrazone moiety was designed and synthesized. The compounds were assessed for their ability to inhibit COX-1/2, 15-LOX, and mPGES-1, as a combination that should effectively impede the arachidonate pathway. Results revealed that the benzylcarbazates (2a-c) demonstrated two-digit nanomolar COX-2 inhibitory activities with reasonable selectivity indices. They also showed appreciable 15-LOX inhibition, in comparison to quercetin. Further testing of these compounds for mPGES-1 inhibition displayed promising activities. Intriguingly, compounds 2a-c were capable of suppressing edema in the formalin-induced rat paw edema assay. They exhibited an acceptable gastrointestinal safety profile regarding ulcerogenic liabilities in gross and histopathological examinations. Additionally, upon treatment with the test compounds, the expression of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 was elevated, whereas that of TNF-α, iNOS, IL-1ß, and COX-2 were downregulated in LPS-challenged RAW264.7 macrophages. Docking experiments into the three enzymes showed interesting binding profiles and affinities, further substantiating their biological activities. Their in silico physicochemical and pharmacokinetic parameters were advantageous.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase , Ratos , Animais , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ácidos Araquidônicos , Edema/induzido quimicamente , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Eur J Med Chem ; 266: 116135, 2024 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38219659

RESUMO

Cyclooxygenase enzymes have distinct roles in cardiovascular, neurological, and neurodegenerative disease. They are differently expressed in different type of cancers. Specific and selective COXs inhibitors are needed to be used alone or in combo-therapies. Fully understand the differences at the catalytic site of the two cyclooxygenase (COX) isoforms is still opened to investigation. Thus, two series of novel compounds were designed and synthesized in fair to good yields using the highly selective COX-1 inhibitor mofezolac as the lead compound to explore a COX-1 zone formed by the polar residues Q192, S353, H90 and Y355, as well as hydrophobic amino acids I523, F518 and L352. According to the structure of the COX-1:mofezolac complex, hydrophobic amino acids appear to have free volume eventually accessible to the more sterically hindering groups than the methoxy linked to the phenyl groups of mofezolac, in particular the methoxyphenyl at C4-mofezolac isoxazole. Mofezolac bears two methoxyphenyl groups linked to C3 and C4 of the isoxazole core ring. Thus, in the novel compounds, one or both methoxy groups were replaced by the higher homologous ethoxy, normal and isopropyl, normal and tertiary butyl, and phenyl and benzyl. Furthermore, a major difference between the two sets of compounds is the presence of either a methyl or acetic moiety at the C5 of the isoxazole. Among the C5-methyl series, 12 (direct precursor of mofezolac) (COX-1 IC50 = 0.076 µM and COX-2 IC50 = 0.35 µM) and 15a (ethoxy replacing the two methoxy groups in 12; COX-1 IC50 = 0.23 µM and COX-2 IC50 > 50 µM) were still active and with a Selectivity Index (SI = COX-2 IC50/COX-1 IC50) = 5 and 217, respectively. The other symmetrically substituted alkoxyphenyl moietis were inactive at 50 µM final concentration. Among the asymmetrically substituted, only the 16a (methoxyphenyl on C3-isoxazole and ethoxyphenyl on C4-isoxazole) and 16b (methoxyphenyl on C3-isoxazole and n-propoxyphenyl on C4-isoxazole) were active with SI = 1087 and 38, respectively. Among the set of compounds with the acetic moiety, structurally more similar to mofezolac (SI = 6329), SI ranged between 1.4 and 943. It is noteworthy that 17b (n-propoxyphenyl on both C3- and C4-isoxazole) were found to be a COX-2 slightly selective inhibitor with SI = 0.072 (COX-1 IC50 > 50 µM and COX-2 IC50 = 3.6 µM). Platelet aggregation induced by arachidonic acid (AA) can be in vitro suppressed by the synthesized compounds, without affecting of the secondary hemostasia, confirming the biological effect provided by the selective inhibition of COX-1. A positive profile of hemocompatibility in relation to erythrocyte and platelet toxicity was observed. Additionally, these compounds exhibited a positive profile of hemocompatibility and reduced cytotoxicity. Quantitative structure activity relationship (QSAR) models and molecular modelling (Ligand and Structure based virtual screening procedures) provide key information on the physicochemical and pharmacokinetic properties of the COX-1 inhibitors as well as new insights into the mechanisms of inhibition that will be used to guide the development of more effective and selective compounds. X-ray analysis was used to confirm the chemical structure of 14 (MSA17).


Assuntos
Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Domínio Catalítico , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Isoxazóis/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Aminoácidos
6.
Inflammopharmacology ; 32(2): 1519-1529, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38227096

RESUMO

AIMS: Putative beneficial effects of neuropeptide W (NPW) in the early phase of gastric ulcer healing process and the involvement of cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes were investigated in an acetic acid-induced gastric ulcer model. MAIN METHODS: In anesthetized male Sprague-Dawley rats, acetic acid was applied surgically on the serosa and then a COX-inhibitor (COX-2-selective NS-398, COX-1-selective ketorolac, or non-selective indomethacin; 2 mg/kg/day, 3 mg/kg/day or 5 mg/kg/day; respectively) or saline was injected intraperitoneally. One h after ulcer induction, omeprazole (20 mg/kg/day), NPW (0.1 µg/kg/day) or saline was intraperitoneally administered. Injections of NPW, COX-inhibitors, omeprazole or saline were continued for the following 2 days until rats were decapitated at the end of the third day. KEY FINDINGS: NPW treatment depressed gastric prostaglandin (PG) I2 level, but not PGE2 level. Similar to omeprazole, NPW treatment significantly reduced gastric and serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and interleukin-1 beta levels and depressed the upregulation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) and COX-2 expressions due to ulcer. In parallel with the histopathological findings, treatment with NPW suppressed ulcer-induced increases in myeloperoxidase activity and malondialdehyde level and replenished glutathione level. However, the inhibitory effect of NPW on myeloperoxidase activity and NPW-induced increase in glutathione were not observed in the presence of COX-1 inhibitor ketorolac or the non-selective COX-inhibitor indomethacin. SIGNIFICANCE: In conclusion, NPW facilitated the healing of gastric injury in rats via the inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokine production, oxidative stress and neutrophil infiltration as well as the downregulation of COX-2 protein and NF-κB gene expressions.


Assuntos
Neuropeptídeos , Transdução de Sinais , Úlcera Gástrica , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Acetatos/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase/uso terapêutico , Mucosa Gástrica , Glutationa/metabolismo , Indometacina/uso terapêutico , Cetorolaco/efeitos adversos , Neuropeptídeos/uso terapêutico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Omeprazol/farmacologia , Omeprazol/uso terapêutico , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Úlcera Gástrica/tratamento farmacológico , Úlcera/metabolismo , Úlcera/patologia
7.
Eur J Pharmacol ; 962: 176199, 2024 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38029870

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anticancer angiogenesis inhibitors cause hypertension and renal injury. Previously we observed in rats that high-dose aspirin (capable of blocking cyclooxygenase (COX)-1 and-2) was superior to low-dose aspirin (blocking COX-1 only) to prevent these side-effects during treatment with the angiogenesis inhibitor sunitinib, suggesting a role for COX-2. High-dose aspirin additionally prevented the rise in COX-derived prostacyclin (PGI2). Therefore, we studied the preventive effects of selective COX-2 inhibition and the hypothesized contributing role of PGI2 during angiogenesis inhibition. METHODS: Male WKY rats received vehicle, sunitinib ((SU), 14 mg/kg/day) alone or combined with COX-2 inhibition (celecoxib, 10 mg/kg/day) or a PGI2 analogue (iloprost, 100 µg/kg/day) for 8 days (n = 8-9 per group). Mean arterial pressure (MAP) was measured via radiotelemetry, biochemical measurements were performed via ELISA and vascular function was assessed via wire myography. RESULTS: SU increased MAP (17±1mmHg versus 3±1mmHg after vehicle on day 4, P < 0.002), which could not be significantly blunted by celecoxib (+12±3mmHg on day 4, P = 0.247), but was temporarily attenuated by iloprost (treatment days 1 + 2 only). Urinary PGI2 (996 ± 112 versus 51 ± 11ng/24h after vehicle, P < 0.001), but not circulating PGI2 increased during SU, which remained unaffected by celecoxib and iloprost. Celecoxib reduced sunitinib-induced albuminuria (0.36 ± 0.05 versus 0.58 ± 0.05mg/24h after SU, P = 0.005). Wire myography demonstrated increased vasoconstriction to endothelin-1 after SU (Emax P = 0.005 versus vehicle), which remained unaffected by celecoxib or iloprost. CONCLUSION: Selective COX-2 inhibition ameliorates albuminuria during angiogenesis inhibition with sunitinib, which most likely acts independently of PGI2. To combat angiogenesis inhibitor-induced hypertension, dual rather than selective COX-1/2 blockade seems preferential.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Hipertensão , Animais , Masculino , Ratos , Albuminúria/induzido quimicamente , Albuminúria/prevenção & controle , Albuminúria/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Angiogênese/uso terapêutico , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Celecoxib/farmacologia , Celecoxib/uso terapêutico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Hipertensão/induzido quimicamente , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/prevenção & controle , Iloprosta/farmacologia , Ratos Endogâmicos WKY , Sunitinibe/farmacologia
8.
Cells ; 12(23)2023 11 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38067162

RESUMO

Abnormal sexual maturity exhibits significant detrimental effects on adult health outcomes, and previous studies have indicated that targeting histone acetylation might serve as a potential therapeutic approach to regulate sexual maturity. However, the mechanisms that account for it remain to be further elucidated. Using the mouse model, we showed that Trichostatin A (TSA), a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, downregulated the protein level of Hdac1 in ovaries to promote the apoptosis of granulosa cells (GCs), and thus arrested follicular development and delayed sexual maturity. Using porcine GCs as a cell model, a novel sexual maturity-associated lncRNA, which was named as the stimulatory factor of follicular development (SFFD), transcribed from mitochondrion and mediated by HDAC1, was identified using RNA sequencing. Mechanistically, HDAC1 knockdown significantly reduced the H3K27ac level at the -953/-661 region of SFFD to epigenetically inhibit its transcription. SFFD knockdown released miR-202-3p to reduce the expression of cyclooxygenase 1 (COX1), an essential rate-limited enzyme involved in prostaglandin synthesis. This reduction inhibited the proliferation and secretion of 17ß-estradiol (E2) while promoting the apoptosis of GCs. Consequently, follicular development was arrested and sexual maturity was delayed. Taken together, HDAC1 knockdown-mediated SFFD downregulation promoted the apoptosis of GCs through the miR-202-3p-COX1 axis and lead to delayed sexual maturity. Our findings reveal a novel regulatory network modulated by HDAC1, and HDAC1-mediated SFFD may be a promising new therapeutic target to treat delayed sexual maturity.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , RNA Longo não Codificante , Maturidade Sexual , Animais , Feminino , Camundongos , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Células da Granulosa/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Suínos
9.
J Physiol Pharmacol ; 74(5)2023 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38085520

RESUMO

The gut mucosal barrier plays a key role in the physiology of gastrointestinal (GI) tract, preventing under homeostatic conditions, the epithelial cells of the gastric mucosa from hydrochloric acid and intestinal mucosa from alkaline secretion, food toxins and pathogenic microbiota. Previous studies have documented that blockade of both isoforms of cyclooxygenase (COX): constitutive (COX-1) and inducible (COX-2), as well NO synthase in the stomach exacerbated the gastric damage induced by various ulcerogens, however, such as effects of non-selective and selective inhibition of COX-1, COX-2 and NOS enzymes on colonic damage have been little studied. The supplementation of NO by intragastric (i.g.) treatment with NO-releasing compound NO-aspirin (NO-ASA) or substrate for NO synthase L-arginine ameliorated the damage of upper GI-tract, but whether similar effect can be observed in colonic mucosa associated with the experimental colitis, and if above mentioned compounds can be effective in aggravation or protection of experimental colitis remains less recognized. In this study rats with experimental colitis induced by intrarectal administration of 2,4,6-trinitrobenzosulphonic acid (TNBS) were daily treated for 7 days with: 1) vehicle (i.g.), 2) ASA 40 mg/kg (i.g.), 3) rofecoxib 10 mg/kg (i.g.), 4) resveratrol 10 mg/kg (i.g.), 5) NO-ASA 40 mg/kg (i.g.), 6) L-arginine 200 mg/kg (i.g.) with or without of L-NNA 20 mg/kg (i.p.). The macroscopic and microscopic area of colonic damage was determined planimetrically, the colonic blood flow (CBF) was assessed by Laser flowmetry, and the oxidative stress biomarkers malondialdehyde and 4-hydroxynonenal (MDA+4-HNE), the antioxidative factors superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione (GSH), as well as proinflammatory cytokines in the colonic mucosa (tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1ß)) were measured. We have documented that administration of TNBS produced gross and microscopic colonic damage and significantly decreased CBF (p<0.05). Treatment with ASA significantly increased the area of colonic damage (p<0.05), an effect accompanied by a significant decrease in the CBF, the significant increment of MDA+4-HNE, and the attenuation of the antioxidative properties in colonic mucosa, documented by a significant decrease of SOD activity and GSH concentration, and elevation of the colonic tissue levels of TNF-α and IL-1ß comparing to control Veh-treated TNBS rats. Administration of rofecoxib or resveratrol also significantly increased the colonic damage and significantly decreased the CBF, causing an increase in MDA+4-HNE and mucosal content of TNF-α and IL-1α and a significant decrease of the SOD activity and GSH content (p<0.05), however, these changes were significantly less pronounced as compared with ASA. On the contrary, the treatment with NO-ASA, or L-arginine, significantly diminished the area of colonic lesions, the MDA+4-HNE concentration, attenuated the TNF-α and IL-1ß levels, while increasing the CBF, SOD activity and GSH content (p<0.05). The concomitant treatment of L-NNA with rofecoxib or resveratrol reversed an increase in area of colonic damage and accompanying changes in CBF, colonic mucosa TNF-α and IL-1ß levels, the MDA+4-HNE concentration, and SOD activity and GSH content comparing to those observed in TNBS rats treated with these COX-inhibitors alone (p<0.05). In contrast, co-treatment with L-NNA and NO-ASA or L-arginine failed to significantly affect the decrease of colonic lesions accompanied by the rise in CBF, the attenuation of MDA+4-HNE concentration, TNF-α and IL-1ß levels, SOD activity and GSH content exerted by NO-ASA- or L-arginine treatment of the respective control TNBS-rats without L-NNA administration. These observations suggest that 1) the increase of NO availability either from NO-releasing donors such as NO-ASA or NO precursors such as L-arginine, can inhibit the inflammatory and microvasculature alterations, as well as increase in lipid peroxidation due to the enhanced efficacy of these compounds to increase the antioxidative properties of colonic mucosa, 2) unlike ASA which exacerbated the severity of colitis, the treatment with rofecoxib, the specific 'safer' COX-2 inhibitor or resveratrol, the polyphenolic compound known to act as the dual COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitor, can attenuate the colonic damage during course of TNBS colitis possibly via anti-inflammatory and antioxidative properties, and 3) the blockade of endogenous NO activity by L-NNA which also exacerbated the severity of mucosal damage in colitis, can abolish the sparing effect of rofecoxib and resveratrol indicating the NO bioavailability plays an important role in enhanced efficacy of both specific and dual COX inhibitors to ameliorate the experimental colitis.


Assuntos
Colite , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Ratos , Animais , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos adversos , Óxido Nítrico/farmacologia , Resveratrol/farmacologia , Citocinas , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Ratos Wistar , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Colite/induzido quimicamente , Colite/tratamento farmacológico , Estresse Oxidativo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase , Arginina/farmacologia , Biomarcadores
10.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 35(5): 501-507, 2023 Dec 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38148540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sequences of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and cyclooxygenase 1 (COX1) genes of Paragonimus metacercariae in freshwater crabs in Henan Province, identify the species of Paragonimus and evaluate its genetic relationships with Paragonimus isolates from other provinces in China. METHODS: Freshwater crabs were collected from 8 survey sites in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Pingdingshan, Nanyang and Jiyuan cities of Henan Province from 2016 to 2021, and Paragonimus metacercariae were detected in freshwater crabs. Genomic DNA was extracted from Paragonimus metacercariae, and the ITS2 and COX1 genes were amplified using PCR assay, followed by sequencing of PCR amplification products. The gene sequences were spliced and aligned using the software DNASTAR, and aligned with the sequences of Paragonimus genes in the GenBank. Phylogenetic trees were created using the MEGA6 software with the Neighbor-Joining method based on ITS2 and COX1 gene sequences, with Fasciola hepatica as the outgroup. RESULTS: The detection rates of Paragonimus metacercariae were 6.83% (11/161), 50.82% (31/61), 18.52% (5/26), 8.76% (12/137), 14.29% (9/63), 17.76% (19/105), 18.50% (32/173) and 42.71% (41/96) in freshwater crabs from 8 survey sites in Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Pingdingshan, Nanyang and Jiyuan cities of Henan Province, with a mean detection rate of 19.46% (160/822), and a mean infection intensity of 0.57 metacercariae/g. The amplified ITS2 and COX1 gene fragments of Paragonimus were approximately 500 bp and 450 bp in lengths, respectively. The ITS2 gene sequences of Paragonimus metacercariae from 8 survey sites of Henan Province showed the highest homology (99.8% to 100.0%) with the gene sequence of P. skrjabini (GenBank accession number: MW960209.1), and phylogenetic analysis showed that the Paragonimus in this study was clustered into the same clade with P. skrjabini from Sichuan Province (GenBank accession number: AY618747.1), Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GenBank accession number: AY618729.1) and Hubei Province (GenBank accession number: AY618751.1), and P. miyazaki from Fujian Province (GenBank accession number: AY618741.1) and Japan (GenBank accession number: AB713405.1). The COX1 gene sequences of Paragonimus metacercariae from 8 survey sites of Henan Province showed the highest homology (90.0% to 100.0%) with the gene sequence of P. skrjabini (GenBank accession number: AY618798.1), and phylogenetic analysis showed that the Paragonimus in this study was clustered into the same clade with all P. skrjabini and clustered into the same sub-clade with P. skrjabini from Hubei Province (GenBank accession numbers: AY618782.1 and AY618764.1). CONCLUSIONS: Paragonimus species from freshwater crabs in Henan Province were all characterized as P. skrjabini, and the ITS2 and COX1 gene sequences had the highest homology to those of P. skrjabini from Hubei Province. The results provide insights into study of Paragonimus in Henan Province and China.


Assuntos
Braquiúros , Paragonimíase , Paragonimus , Animais , Paragonimus/genética , Braquiúros/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/genética , Filogenia , China/epidemiologia , Análise de Sequência de DNA
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(22)2023 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38003440

RESUMO

The human microbiota produces metabolites that can enter the bloodstream and exert systemic effects on various functions in both healthy and pathological states. We have studied the participation of microbiota-related metabolites in bacterial infection by examining their influence on the activity of cyclooxygenase (COX) as a key enzyme of inflammation. The influence of aromatic microbial metabolites, derivatives of phenylalanine (phenylpropionic acid, PPA), tyrosine (4-hydroxyphenyllactic acid, HPLA), and tryptophan (indolacetic acids, IAA), the concentrations of which in the blood change notably during sepsis, was evaluated. Also, the effect of itaconic acid (ITA) was studied, which is formed in macrophages under the action of bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) and appears in the blood in the early stages of infection. Metabiotic acetyl phosphate (AcP) as a strong acetylating agent was also tested. The activity of COX was measured via the TMPD oxidation colorimetric assay using the commercial pure enzyme, cultured healthy monocytes, and the human acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1. All metabolites in the concentration range of 100-500 µM lowered the activity of COX. The most pronounced inhibition was observed on the commercial pure enzyme, reaching up to 40% in the presence of AcP and 20-30% in the presence of the other metabolites. On cell lysates, the effect of metabolites was preserved, although it significantly decreased, probably due to their interaction with other targets subject to redox-dependent and acetylation processes. The possible contribution of the redox-dependent action of microbial metabolites was confirmed by assessing the activity of the enzyme in the presence of thiol reagents and in model conditions, when the COX-formed peroxy intermediate was replaced with tert-butyl hydroperoxide (TBH). The data show the involvement of the microbial metabolites in the regulation of COX activity, probably due to their influence on the peroxidase activity of the enzyme.


Assuntos
Leucemia Monocítica Aguda , Microbiota , Sepse , Humanos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Sepse/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Peroxidases/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo
12.
J Helminthol ; 97: e82, 2023 Nov 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37933575

RESUMO

Incomplete original descriptions, the unavailability or poor conditions of specimens and the lack of detailed redescriptions have caused the validity of several species of the genus Encotyllabe Diesing, 1850 to be questioned. To date, seven of the recognized species were described upon one or two specimens, hindering study of intraspecific variations. This was made worse by considering few morphoanatomical differences sufficient to erect new species. Among Encotyllabe spp. occurring in Mediterranean waters, E. vallei was first described from the gilt-head bream Sparus aurata (Sparidae) off Italy. Although beautifully illustrated for a paper from that century, morphometric data for E. vallei from the type-host S. aurata remain unavailable. Previous records of E. vallei provided either morphometrical or molecular data, and its validity was questioned. We provide a redescription of E. vallei based on newly collected specimens from the S. aurata from the southwestern Mediterranean (off Algeria) using integrative taxonomy. Analysis of cox1 sequences of E. vallei from S. aurata, compared to sequences from other sparid hosts, mainly Pagellus bogaraveo, revealed a divergence not exceeding 2%, suggesting a stenoxenic specificity for this monogenean. Given that P. bogaraveo is the type-host for Encotyllabe pagelli, we were tempted to suggest a synonymy between E. vallei and E. pagelli. We refrained from doing so because E. pagelli was first described from the Atlantic coast off Brest, France. Morphological data for Encotyllabe from P. bogaraveo are warranted assessing the host specificity of E. vallei and whether there might be a species complex within individual sparid fish species.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Perciformes , Dourada , Doenças dos Suínos , Trematódeos , Animais , Feminino , Suínos , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1
13.
Biochemistry ; 62(21): 3134-3144, 2023 11 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37852627

RESUMO

Cyclooxygenases (COX) catalyze the committed step in the production of prostaglandins responsible for the maintenance of physiological homeostasis. While crystal structures of COX in complex with substrates and inhibitors have provided insight into the molecular interactions governing their binding, they have not uncovered specific details related to the protein conformational motions responsible for important aspects of the COX function. We created a cysteine-free COX-2 construct and introduced a free cysteine at position-122 to enable labeling with 3-bromo-1,1,1-trifluoroacetone (BTFA). Placement of the label adjacent to the cyclooxygenase channel entrance permitted the detection of alterations upon ligand binding. 19F-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (19F-NMR) was then used to probe the conformational ensembles arising from BTFA-labeled COX-2 constructs in the presence and absence of ligands known to allosterically activate or inhibit COX-2. 19F-NMR analyses performed in the presence of the time-dependent inhibitor flurbiprofen, as well as Arg-120, Tyr-355, and Glu-524 mutations, led to the classification of two ensembles as representing the relaxed and tightened states of the cyclooxygenase channel entrance. A third ensemble, generated in the presence of arachidonic acid and the Y355F mutant and modulated by the allosteric potentiators palmitic acid and oleic acid and the nonallosteric substrates 2-arachidonoyl glycerol ether and anandamide, was classified as being related to the allosteric regulation of COX activity. The ensemble-based insight into COX function demonstrated here complements the static information derived from crystal structure analyses, collectively providing a more detailed framework of the dynamics involved in the regulation of COX catalysis and inhibition.


Assuntos
Flurbiprofeno , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Ligantes , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/metabolismo , Flurbiprofeno/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ácido Araquidônico
14.
Eur J Med Chem ; 261: 115866, 2023 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37862815

RESUMO

Dual cyclooxygenase 2/15-lipoxygenase inhibitors constitute a valuable alternative to classical non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and selective COX-2 (cyclooxygenase-2) inhibitors for the treatment of inflammatory diseases, as well as preventing the cancer. Indeed, these latter present diverse side effects, which are reduced or absent in dual-acting agents. In this review, COX-2 and 15-LOX (15-lipoxygenase) pathways are first described in order to highlight the therapeutic interest of designing such compounds. Various structural families of dual inhibitors are illustrated. This study discloses various structural families of dual 15-LOX/COX-2 inhibitors, thus pave the way to design potentially-active anticancer agents with balanced dual inhibition of these enzymes.


Assuntos
Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Neoplasias , Humanos , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/química , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/farmacologia , Inibidores de Lipoxigenase/química , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/induzido quimicamente , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1
15.
Molecules ; 28(17)2023 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37687193

RESUMO

This research aims to biosynthesize Barium oxide nanoparticles (BaONPs) for biomedical applications, using Spirogyra hyalina as a stabilizing and reducing agent. UV-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), energy-dispersive X-ray, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to physiochemically characterize the barium oxide nanoparticles, while antibacterial, minimum inhibitory concentration, antifungal, free radicle scavenging, and anti-inflammatory assay were performed to assess the therapeutic potential of the synthesized BaONPs. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy revealed bands at 615 and 692 cm-1 that corresponded to the formation of BaONPs. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the spherical and flower-shaped morphology of BaONPs having an average diameter of 64.01 ± 2.0 nm. Both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial growth was halted by the barium nanoparticles, demonstrating their efficacy up to 19.12 ± 0.31 mm against E. coli, 18.83 ± 0.44 mm against Klebsiella pneumoniae, 17.31 ± 0.59 mm against P. aeruginosa, 16.56 ± 0.37 mm against S. aureus, and 15.75 ± 0.38 mm against S. epidermidis, respectively. The minimum inhibitory concentration was 9.0, 6.3, 5.5, 4.5, and 2.0 µg/mL for S. aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, S. epidermidis, P. aeruginosa, and E. coli, respectively. BaONPs were not that effective against fungal strains such as Rhizoctonia solani, Fusarium solani, and Fusarium proliferatum. The BaONPs exhibited potent anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activity through inhibiting cyclooxygenases type 1 (43.12 ± 1.21%) and 2 (41.23 ± 1.56%), and DPPH free radicles up to 43.52 ± 0.29% at 400 µg/mL. In conclusion, the biomolecules derived from Spirogyra hyalina have demonstrated remarkable ability to generate stable nanoparticles, offering promising prospects for their utilization as therapeutic agents and coating materials in various biomedical applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas , Spirogyra , Escherichia coli , Staphylococcus aureus , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37716021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of the lipoxygenase (LOX) and cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes in maintaining cellular homeostasis and regulating immune responses promoted us in this study to analyze the pattern of changes in 15-lipoxygenase and cyclooxygenase isoforms and their related cytokines in SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: 15-LOX-1, 15-LOX-2, COX-1 and COX-2 gene expression levels were determined using qRT-PCR in nasopharynx specimens from patients with severe [N = 40] and non-severe [N = 40] confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infections and healthy controls. Circulating levels of lL-6, lL-10, PGE2, and IFN-γ were measured in patients and healthy controls using ELISA assay. The associations between the measured variables and the patient's clinic-pathological characteristics were assessed for all groups. RESULTS: The expression level of 15-LOX-1 was elevated significantly in male patients with severe infection; although female patients showed a different expression profile. 15-LOX-2 expression level was considerably increased in male patients with severe infection; while changes in its expression remained inconclusive in female patients. The relationship between 15-LOX expression and the male gender was prominent. Both COX isoforms expression showed elevation in male and female patients that were correlated with disease severity. The simultaneous increase in lL-6, PGE2 and IFN-γ levels also decrease in lL-10 in patients with severe infection indicating the possible regulatory network related to the COX and 15-LOX enzymes in the output of the SARS-CoV-2 infection. CONCLUSION: The results of this study determined the pattern of possible changes in key enzymes of prostaglandin and eicosanoids synthesis pathway and their mediators, which can be helpful in mapping the SARS-CoV-2 pathogenicity and pharmaceutical approaches.


Assuntos
Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase , COVID-19 , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/genética , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , SARS-CoV-2/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas , Receptores Depuradores Classe E , Araquidonato 5-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo
17.
Cancer Res Commun ; 3(7): 1397-1408, 2023 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37529399

RESUMO

The arachidonic acid pathway participates in immunosuppression in various types of cancer. Our previous observation detailed that microsomal prostaglandin E2 synthase 1 (mPGES-1), an enzyme downstream of cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2), limited antitumor immunity in melanoma; in addition, genetic depletion of mPGES-1 specifically enhanced immune checkpoint blockade therapy. The current study set out to distinguish the roles of mPGES-1 from those of COX-2 in tumor immunity and determine the potential of mPGES-1 inhibitors for reinforcing immunotherapy in melanoma. Genetic deletion of mPGES-1 showed different profiles of prostaglandin metabolites from that of COX-2 deletion. In our syngeneic mouse model, mPGES-1-deficient cells exhibited similar tumorigenicity to that of COX-2-deficient cells, despite a lower ability to suppress PGE2 synthesis by mPGES-1 depletion, indicating the presence of factors other than PGE2 that are likely to regulate tumor immunity. RNA-sequencing analysis revealed that mPGES-1 depletion reduced the expressions of collagen-related genes, which have been found to be associated with immunosuppressive signatures. In our mouse model, collagen was reduced in mPGES-1-deficient tumors, and phenotypic analysis of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes indicated that mPGES-1-deficient tumors had fewer TIM3+ exhausted CD8+ T cells compared with COX-2-deficient tumors. CAY10678, an mPGES-1 inhibitor, was equivalent to celecoxib, a selective COX-2 inhibitor, in reinforcing anti-PD-1 treatment. Our study indicates that mPGES-1 inhibitors represent a promising adjuvant for immunotherapies in melanoma by reducing collagen deposition and T-cell exhaustion. Significance: Collagen is a predominant component of the extracellular matrix that may influence the tumor immune microenvironment for cancer progression. We present here that mPGES-1 has specific roles in regulating tumor immunity, associated with several collagen-related genes and propose that pharmacologic inhibition of mPGES-1 may hold therapeutic promise for improving immune checkpoint-based therapies.


Assuntos
Oxirredutases Intramoleculares , Melanoma , Animais , Camundongos , Prostaglandina-E Sintases/genética , Oxirredutases Intramoleculares/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Dinoprostona/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Exaustão das Células T , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Colágeno , Imunoterapia , Microambiente Tumoral
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 24(15)2023 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37569718

RESUMO

The involvement of prostaglandins in cancer was first observed in human esophageal carcinoma cells, whose invasive and metastatic potential in nude mice was found to be related to PGE2 and PGF2a production [...].


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Prostaglandinas , Animais , Camundongos , Humanos , Camundongos Nus , Dinoprostona , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/genética , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética
19.
J Proteomics ; 288: 104973, 2023 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37481068

RESUMO

Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are a key component of tumors. We aimed to profile the proteome of cancer cell lines representing three common cancer types (lung, colorectal and pancreatic) and a representative CAF cell line from each tumor type to gain insight into CAF function and novel CAF biomarkers. We used isobaric labeling, liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry to evaluate the proteome of 9 cancer and 3 CAF cell lines. Of the 9460 proteins evaluated, functional enrichment analysis revealed an upregulation of N-glycan biosynthesis and extracellular matrix proteins in CAFs. 85 proteins had 16-fold higher expression in CAFs compared to cancer cells, including previously known CAF markers like fibroblast activation protein (FAP). Novel overexpressed CAF biomarkers included heat shock protein ß-6 (HSPB6/HSP20) and cyclooxygenase 1 (PTGS1/COX1). SiRNA knockdown of the genes encoding these proteins did not reduce contractility in lung CAFs, suggesting they were not crucial to this function. Immunohistochemical analysis of 30 tumor samples (10 lung, 10 colorectal and 10 pancreatic) showed restricted HSPB6 and PTGS1 expression in the stroma. Therefore, we describe an unbiased differential proteome analysis of CAFs compared to cancer cells, which revealed higher expression of HSPB6 and PTGS1 in CAFs. Data are available via ProteomeXchange (PXD040360). SIGNIFICANCE: Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are highly abundant stromal cells present in tumors. CAFs are known to influence tumor progression and drug resistance. Characterizing the proteome of CAFs could give potential insights into new stromal drug targets and biomarkers. Mass spectrometry-based analysis comparing proteomic profiles of CAFs and cancers characterized 9460 proteins of which 85 proteins had 16-fold higher expression in CAFs compared to cancer cells. Further interrogation of this rich resource could provide insight into the function of CAFs and could reveal putative stromal targets. We describe for the first time that heat shock protein ß-6 (HSPB6/HSP20) and cyclooxygenase 1 (PTGS1/COX1) are overexpressed in CAFs compared to cancer cells.


Assuntos
Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer , Neoplasias Colorretais , Humanos , Fibroblastos Associados a Câncer/metabolismo , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , Linhagem Celular , Biomarcadores/análise , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral/fisiologia
20.
J Pharmacol Exp Ther ; 386(2): 181-189, 2023 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37280092

RESUMO

At 125, aspirin still represents the cornerstone of anti-platelet therapy for the acute treatment and long-term prevention of atherothrombosis. The development of a selective regimen of low-dose aspirin for the inhibition of platelet thromboxane production was key to maximizing its antithrombotic efficacy and minimizing its gastrointestinal toxicity. Based on about 50 observational studies, published over the past 30 years, aspirin and other cyclooxygenase inhibitors have been associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, and possibly other digestive tract cancers. The apparent chemopreventive effect of aspirin has been confirmed in post-hoc analyses of randomized cardiovascular trials and their meta-analyses. Moreover, prevention of sporadic colorectal adenoma recurrence was demonstrated by randomized controlled trials of low-dose aspirin and selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors. A single placebo-controlled randomized trial of aspirin has shown long-term colorectal cancer prevention in patients with the Lynch syndrome. The sequential involvement of thromboxane-dependent platelet activation and cyclooxygenase-2-driven inflammatory response in the early stages of colorectal carcinogenesis may explain these clinical benefits. The aim of this mini-review is to analyze the existing evidence for a chemopreventive effect of aspirin and other cyclooxygenase inhibitors and discuss the missing pieces of this mechanistic and clinical puzzle. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Low-dose aspirin and other cyclooxygenase inhibitors have been associated with a reduced risk of colorectal cancer, and possibly other digestive tract cancers. The sequential involvement of thromboxane-dependent platelet activation and cyclooxygenase-2-driven inflammatory response in the early stages of colorectal carcinogenesis may explain these clinical benefits. The aim of this mini-review is to analyze the evidence for a chemopreventive effect of aspirin and other cyclooxygenase inhibitors and discuss the missing pieces of this mechanistic and clinical puzzle.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais , Humanos , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2 , Aspirina/farmacologia , Aspirina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/farmacologia , Inibidores de Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Colorretais/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboxanos , Carcinogênese , Ciclo-Oxigenase 1 , Inibidores da Agregação Plaquetária , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
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