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1.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(2): 140-147, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381817

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of different concentrations of sodium ascorbate (SA), green tea (GT), and chamomile (CM) on the shear bond strength (SBS) of metal orthodontic brackets bonded to teeth bleached with 40% hydrogen peroxide (HP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-four sound premolars were divided into eight groups: group I (control + no bleaching), group II (bleaching + immediate bonding), group III (bleaching + 10% SA), group IV (bleaching + 35% SA), group V (bleaching + 0.5% GT), group VI (bleaching + 1% GT), group VII (bleaching + 0.5% CM), and group VIII (bleaching + 1% CM). In groups III-VIII, teeth were treated with the antioxidants for 10 minutes after bleaching with 40% HP, but before bonding. All the specimens were bonded with the resilience adhesive, and the SBS was tested with a universal testing machine (Instron 5965). The cross-head speed to break the bond was 1 mm/minute. The adhesive remnant index (ARI) was tested under 50× magnification. One-way analysis of variance, Tukey's post hoc, and Chi-squared tests were used for analysis (p ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: The differences in SBS among the eight tested groups were highly significant (p < 0.001). Comparison of the eight groups using Tukey's post hoc test revealed significantly lower SBS (p < 0.001) in test groups II, III, IV, and VIII than in group I. Adhesive remnant index scores showed significant intergroup differences (p = 0.005). Most groups had a failure score of 1 (<50% of the bonding material adhering to the tooth), whereas groups II and VIII showed a failure score of 0 (no material adhering to the tooth). CONCLUSION: Bond strength can be enhanced by using 0.5% or 1% GT or 0.5% CM to allow bracket bonding immediately after bleaching. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of antioxidants would allow clinicians to bleach teeth before orthodontic treatment without delaying bonding.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Clareamento Dental , Antioxidantes , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Humanos
2.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 41(5): e11-e16, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32369381

RESUMO

Clear aligner treatment has become popular for many orthodontic cases that ordinarily would have required traditional orthodontic brackets and wires. One of the motivating reasons for patients to use clear aligner therapy is to improve their esthetic appearance, which typically is the same motivation for teeth bleaching, thus a combination of the two treatments may be desirable. The case report presented demonstrates bleaching concurrent with clear aligner (Invisalign®) treatment. A concern about bleaching during such treatment is that the areas on the tooth under the composite attachments, or buttons, used to retain the clear aligner trays may remain unbleached. However, due to the small molecular size of the bleaching material agent and its ability to permeate the tooth, the area under the attachment will be bleached as well. With this understanding, a practitioner can treat patients more efficiently by being able to complete bleaching treatment simultaneously with clear aligner treatment.


Assuntos
Aparelhos Ortodônticos Removíveis , Braquetes Ortodônticos , Clareamento Dental , Assistência Odontológica , Humanos
3.
Oper Dent ; 45(3): 265-275, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide (35%) regarding tooth sensitivity and color change in tooth bleaching in comparison to low concentrations (6% to 20%). METHODS AND MATERIALS: This review was conducted using the criteria of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses and is registered on the Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (CRD42017064493). The PICO question was "Does a concentration of hydrogen peroxide ≥35% using in-office bleaching procedure contribute to greater tooth sensitivity?" A search was made in PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library. RESULTS: Fourteen studies were selected for the qualitative analysis and seven for quantitative analysis. A total of 649 patients were evaluated (mean age: 36.32 years; range: 13.9 to 31 years), and the follow-up period ranged from one week to 12 months. The meta-analysis demonstrated that tooth sensitivity was higher in the patients submitted to treatment involving a high concentration of hydrogen peroxide (0.67; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.44 to 1.03; p=0.04; I 2 : 56%), and a significant difference was found regarding objective color ΔE (1.53; 95% CI: 2.99 to 0.08; p<0.0001; I 2 : 82%) but no significant difference was found regarding subjective color ΔSGU (0.24; CI: 0.75 to 1.23; p<0.00001; I 2 : 89%). CONCLUSIONS: This study indicated that a lower concentration of hydrogen peroxide causes less tooth sensitivity and better effectiveness in objective color change (ΔE); however, there is no difference between them related to subjective color (ΔSGU).


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Pré-Escolar , Cor , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Lactente , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Am J Dent ; 33(2): 79-82, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259412

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the bleaching efficacy of laser application with chemical treatment compared to chemical treatment alone. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial (RCT), single blind (evaluator), in 24 patients randomized into two groups: Laser and chemical intervention (12) or chemical intervention alone without laser (12). The commercial products used were Whiteness HP 35% hydrogen peroxide gel and the Whitening Laser II of DCM equipment. The color was measured with a spectrophotometer before, immediately and 3 days after the bleaching procedure. The trial outcome measures were obtained using the Vita EasyShade spectrophotometer and the International CIELCh system. To establish differences before vs. after treatments and between groups, the T test and chi² tests were applied. The data was statistically analyzed with Student's T-test (P ≤ 0.05). RESULTS: After applying the delta formula to measure the change in color, both groups gave clinically significant results before vs. after bleaching procedures ( P ≤ 0.05). The deltas for luminosity, chroma, and hue all showed significant improvements for baseline to 15 minutes post treatment (P ≤ 0.05), baseline to 3 days post treatment (P ≤ 0.05), but not for 15 minutes to 3 days post treatment (P ≥ 0.05). When comparing between groups applying T-test, no statistically significant differences were found (P ≥ 0.05) for all three deltas. When comparing sensitivity after bleaching, no differences were found between groups (P ≥ 0.05). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The use of laser during bleaching treatment did not improve the results compared to not using laser.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Cor , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Am J Dent ; 33(2): 89-94, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32259414

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This crossover study evaluated the hydrogen (HP) and carbamide (CP) peroxide degradation of bleaching gels in prefilled (PT) and customized trays (CT). METHODS: Volunteers were randomly allocated to treatments (n=10) : PT-HP/OGO (Opalescence GO-10%); CT-HP/WTC (White Class-10%) or CT-CP/OPF (Opalescence PF-10%). Gel samples were collected from the upper and lower trays in each period (baseline, 15, 30, 50 and 120 minutes). HP concentration was determined with the potassium permanganate titration method. Degradation was calculated based on initial concentration of gels. Repeated measures two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (5%) were applied. RESULTS: Bleaching gels exhibited exponential degradation over time. In 30 minutes, no significant differences in degradation among them were detected (P= 0.13). After 2 hours, lower degradation of CT-CP/OPF (61.85±10.65), compared with hydrogen peroxide in PT and CT (71.55±8.24 and 78.69±9.33, respectively) was observed. The gels showed higher degradation rate in lower trays than in upper trays in all evaluated times. In general, the bleaching gels in lower trays degraded more than in upper trays. The carbamide peroxide gel presented lower degradation than hydrogen peroxide after 2 hours. The degradation of the 10% hydrogen peroxide gel used in prefilled trays was higher than the one in customized trays after 30 minutes, but after 120 minutes, the degradation rate was similar for both. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Bleaching gels degraded faster in lower arches than in upper arches. The degradation process was faster in the first 15 minutes of use and depended on the gel's composition, time of use, and tray position in the dental arches.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Estudos Cross-Over , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Ureia
6.
Quintessence Int ; 51(5): 364-371, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159531

RESUMO

The most commonly used bleaching agents contain different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide. In the present case, the bleaching procedure was performed using an induced field of cold atmospheric plasma, obtained from dielectric barrier discharge. The therapeutic effect of the device used in the clinical procedure is based on floating electrode dielectric barrier discharge, in which the glass electrode functions as the primary electrode, while the therapeutic area, which in this case is the tooth, represents the secondary electrode. A periodontal (PA) probe is a glass tube filled with a noble gas, which generates an electrical discharge in the gap between the tip of the electrode surface and the therapeutic area, thus producing reactive oxygen species. Bleaching with only the cold atmospheric plasma bleaching technique, without any conventional bleaching agents, was performed successfully for an endodontically treated tooth. The cold atmospheric plasma bleaching technique, which could be a novel approach for the bleaching of non-vital teeth, provides good clinical results and is safe for clinical use.


Assuntos
Gases em Plasma , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Dente não Vital , Peróxido de Carbamida , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Ureia
7.
Stomatologiia (Mosk) ; 99(1): 7-11, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32125295

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of whitening toothpastes on the color of a nanocomposite material using a spectrophotometer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study involved 50 samples from nanocomposite restoration material which were exposed under laboratory conditions to brushing with one of 4 types of toothpastes (control with no bleaching agents, peroxide paste with carbamide, abrasive and enzyme-based pastes). Using the parameters a, b and L obtained by spectrophotometry, delta E (ΔE) value was calculated. To determine the maximum and minimum A posteriori comparisons by the Scheffe method were used to influence the delta E parameter after exposure to the pastes. Oxygen-containing paste (OZPP) had a maximum effect on the increase of the ΔE parameter, ΔE=1.03 comparing to ΔE=0.20 in control toothpaste. The isolated effect of a toothbrush resulted in a large change in the parameter ΔE, compared to the effect of a controls. However, the ΔE does not indicate the clarification of the material, but only a change in color relative to the initial measurement. As a result of spectrophotometry and statistical data processing, it was found that all pastes had a sufficient effect on the color change for the device to determine, but this change was not noticeable to the human eye.


Assuntos
Nanocompostos , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Espectrofotometria , Cremes Dentais
8.
Am J Dent ; 33(1): 17-24, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32056410

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To review and assess the literature on in vitro studies evaluating tooth bleaching efficacy considering the use of a negative control, type of tooth substrate, storage medium, color evaluation methods, and evaluation time points. METHODS: The following databases were searched: PubMed (MEDLINE), Web of Science. Search used Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) in PubMed in addition to free text. The following limits were applied: English, articles published between January 1989 and October 2017. Additional free text key terms included: in vitro, tooth bleaching, placebo, negative control, overall CIELAB color change (ΔE*ab), change in shade guide units (ΔSGU), tooth color stabilization, evaluation time points, bovine teeth, and staining. Search was repeated in Web of Science but no additional articles were identified. A total of 11 studies were included for qualitative and quantitative analysis. RESULTS: The meta-analysis of nine included studies that reported ΔE*ab values, revealed that the NC statistically exceeded the perceptibility threshold (PT) of 1.2 (P< 0.05). The estimate was 2.872 with lower and upper bounds of 1.955 and 3.790, respectively. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Randomized controlled trials are gold standards to evaluate bleaching efficacy of different materials. However, in vitro studies offer a way to screen for potential bleaching efficacy. It is vital to determine an appropriate cut-off value for determining bleaching efficacy in vitro and further apply for clinical relevance.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Cor , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(1): 110-115, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929216

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare to effect of phototherapy and surface flattening after immediately bleaching on the shear bond strength to bleached enamel. Methods: Ninety-six human upper incisors were divided into 4 groups (n = 24). Group NB: no bleached, group P: phototherapy with YSGG laser, group F: 0.5 mm surface flattening, group PF: 0.5 mm surface flattening and phototherapy with Er;Cr:YSGG laser. Then, each group was assigned to 2 subgroups according to adhesive mode (n = 12) as; subgroup S (self-etching mode), subgroup T (total-etching mode) which are universal adhesives. All surface conditionings and restorations were performed with composite resin materials immediately after bleaching. Shear bond strength test was performed by using universal testing machine. The surfaces were also evaluated with SEM. The data were statistically analyzed with one-way ANOVA post-hoc Tukey tests. Results: The lowest SBS values were achieved in FS (13.72 ± 2.29) while the highest ones in PT (28.01 ± 6.81). However, the differences were not significant (P > 0.05). All surface conditioning methods provided SBS values similar to the control (P > 0.05). All subgroups of self-etching mode were significantly lower than their total-etching counterparts (P < 0.05). Conclusions: The present study showed that surface removal and phototherapy have a potential clinical application for eliminate to undesirable effect of bleaching treatment. Surface conditioning with either flattening and/or phototherapy may provide clinicians to restore bleached teeth at the same visit with bleaching and reduce chair-time.


Assuntos
Adesivos/farmacologia , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Corrosão Dentária/métodos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Fototerapia , Resistência ao Cisalhamento , Clareamento Dental , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente/métodos , Resinas Compostas/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Clareamento Dental/métodos
10.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 15(1): 44-54, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31994535

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The present study was undertaken to determine the tooth whitening effectiveness of trays with no reservoirs (Invisalign aligners or Vivera retainers used as bleaching trays), initially with a finite element analysis (FEA) and subsequently with a clinical study using spectrophotometry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The FEA technique was used to determine the ideal distribution of bleaching gel between teeth and aligners in vitro. Three sample areas of gel application on the maxillary central incisors (the incisal edge, the middle part, and the gingival edge) were analyzed. Spectrophotometry was used to ascertain the clinical effectiveness of the bleaching gel as it related to the results of the FEA. More specifically, the chromatic variation obtained by the bleaching gel on teeth 41 and 32 (control teeth, with reservoirs) was compared with that on teeth 31 and 42 (study teeth, without reservoirs). RESULTS: The FEA results showed that the optimal gel distribution is reached when 2 mm3 of gel is applied to the center of the vestibular face of the tooth in the tray. As regards the clinical study, there were no relevant differences of whitening effectiveness between the teeth with reservoirs and those without. In both cases, the whitening was effective and the patients were completely satisfied with the results. CONCLUSIONS: The advantages for patients to receive dental bleaching during orthodontic treatment with aligners are evident. The procedure is not time consuming and requires less financial expense. Further clinical studies are required to assess the effectiveness of the procedure.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Peróxido de Carbamida , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Peróxidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureia
11.
J Oral Sci ; 62(1): 103-106, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996511

RESUMO

This study aims to evaluate the effect of mouth rinses on the color, microhardness, and surface roughness of tooth enamel. Sixty dental blocks were collected from human third molars and divided in five groups (n = 12): the control group (CG) without immersion in mouth rinse, Listerine Zero, Colgate Plax Fresh Mint, Listerine Whitening, and Colgate Luminous White. The groups were subjected to initial color analysis; the microhardness and roughness of the enamel surfaces were evaluated. Next, the samples were subjected to immersion in mouth rinses or brushing with conventional fluoride toothpaste (CG) according to the manufacturer's instructions; after a 12-week treatment, the color, microhardness, and roughness were once again assessed and compared with the initial analysis. Data were tabulated and analyzed through a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) (color and roughness) followed by Tukey's test. Microhardness was analyzed through the Kruskal-Wallis test followed by Dunn's test; the level of significance was 5%. All groups immersed in mouth rinses had a higher level of microhardness loss than CG; additionally, all groups showed changes in the enamel surface. Enamel surface loss was observed using a roughness test, and the mouth rinses promoted a higher level of color changes than CG. Given the results, it can be concluded that the mouth rinses led to significant changes in tooth enamel.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Dente , Esmalte Dentário , Humanos , Antissépticos Bucais , Cremes Dentais
12.
Oper Dent ; 45(1): E1-E10, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31891544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the desensitizing effect of a prefilled disposable tray containing potassium nitrate and fluoride on the self-reported tooth sensitivity (TS) and the bleaching efficacy of 40% hydrogen peroxide bleaching agent used for in-office bleaching in comparison with potassium nitrate and fluoride gel applied in a conventional-delivered tray system in an equivalence clinical trial. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Seventy-eight patients, with a right maxillary canine darker than A3, were selected for this single-blind (evaluators), randomized clinical trial. Teeth were bleached in two sessions with a one-week interval in between. Before in-office bleaching, the prefilled disposable tray or conventional tray containing potassium nitrate and fluoride was used for 15 minutes. Subsequently, the bleaching agent was applied in two 20-minute applications (per the manufacturer's directions) in each session. The color change was evaluated by subjective (Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide) and objective (Easyshade Advance Spectrophotometer) methods at baseline and 30 days after the first bleaching session. TS was recorded for up to 48 hours using a 0-10 visual analog scale. The absolute risk was evaluated by chi-square test, while the intensity of TS was evaluated by McNemar test (α=0.05). Color change in shade guide units and ΔE was analyzed by Student t-test for independent samples (α=0.05). RESULTS: Significant whitening was observed in both groups after 30 days of clinical evaluation. The use of different methods of desensitizer in a tray did not influence the absolute risk and intensity of TS (p>0.05), although a tendency of lower risk of TS with the prefilled disposable tray containing potassium nitrate and fluoride was observed. CONCLUSION: The use of a prefilled disposable tray containing potassium nitrate and fluoride before the application of the in-office bleaching product did not affect the whitening degree and decreased self-reported TS when compared with a conventional-delivered tray system.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 24(1): 385-394, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104111

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This randomized triple-blind clinical trial, split-mouth design, evaluated the application effect of the desensitizing gel before and after in-office bleaching on tooth sensitivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In one group, the desensitizing gel was applied for 10 min before the bleaching with 35% hydrogen peroxide, and then application of placebo gel after (n = 90). In the other group, the desensitizing gel was applied before and after the bleaching procedure for 10 min (n = 90). The primary outcome was pain intensity assessed with a numeric rating scale and a visual analog scale. Color was evaluated by means of a digital spectrophotometer and a shade guides. RESULTS: The proportion of patients that experienced pain in the side of before application was 90% (95% CI 82 to 94.6%), while the side of before and after was 93% (95% CI 86.2 to 96.9%), without significant difference between groups (OR = 0.25; 95% CI 0.005 to 2.52; p = 0.37). Pain was correlated in both groups, for the NRS scale (p < 0.0001) and the VAS scale (p < 0.0001) in all assessment periods. Significant whitening was detected, and no significant difference of color change was observed between groups (p > 0.45). CONCLUSIONS: The application of the desensitizing agent did not influence the effectiveness of bleaching, but it was not efficient in reducing the sensitivity, when applied before the procedure, or before and after. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The use of a desensitizing gel before or after in-office bleaching does not reduce incidence or intensity of tooth sensitivity.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Odontology ; 108(1): 143-151, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289971

RESUMO

The purpose of this paper is to investigate which elements of tooth colour are most influenced by whitening and to identify the short-term changes in satisfaction with smile aesthetics and quality of life induced by tooth whitening and the role of global self-esteem. Sixty participants were randomly assigned to a treated or a placebo group (each group N = 30). Their anterior teeth were bleached with a photo-activated whitening gel, or subjected to a placebo. Lightness, chroma and the translucency of teeth were assessed before and 1 week after the procedure using a spectrophotometer. The Self-Esteem Scale, Psychosocial Impact of Dental Aesthetics Questionnaire, the Orofacial Aesthetic Scale and the Oral Health Impact Profile were administered to subjects. Changes in colour and chroma were greater in the treated than the placebo group (3.8 ± 1.5 vs. 1.7 ± 1.5 and - 3.2 ± 1.5 vs. 0.0 ± 1.1; p < 0.001). The treated group reported increased satisfaction with appearance and a decrease in psychological and social impacts (p < 0.05). In the placebo group there was no objective change in colour but the subjects reported an increase in satisfaction and dental self-confidence, as well as a decrease in psychological impact (p < 0.05). Self-esteem did not have a moderation nor a mediation effect. In conclusion, patients are not able to accurately detect the colour change induced by tooth whitening after 1 week, but they are also largely suggestible when evaluating the changes in quality of life. Changes in quality of life induced by tooth whitening are not influenced by global self-esteem.ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier NCT03380702.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Método Duplo-Cego , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Qualidade de Vida
16.
Oper Dent ; 45(1): 10-18, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373889

RESUMO

Pronounced white color alterations due to structural anomalies of the enamel are often insufficiently masked by bleaching techniques or resin infiltration procedures alone. This frequently leads to the choice of more invasive prosthetic restorations in order to correct tooth color and form. This article describes a minimally invasive treatment option for esthetic and functional rehabilitation in the case of a 13-year-old female patient with suspected severe fluorosis and misalignment of the anterior teeth. The restorations were performed using underlying resin infiltration to homogenize the tooth shade. In a second step, direct composite veneers were applied on top to attain a natural tooth color and adjust tooth alignment and form. By joining the two minimally and noninvasive techniques, this treatment option combines the directive for preservation of hard tooth structure while treating adolescents with the benefits of easy adaptation and repair when the occlusion is still in adjustment.


Assuntos
Fluorose Dentária , Clareamento Dental , Adolescente , Cor , Resinas Compostas , Esmalte Dentário , Facetas Dentárias , Estética Dentária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos
17.
Int J Prosthodont ; 33(1): 105-110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860920

RESUMO

Enamel hypoplasia occurs because of a defect in formation of the organic matrix during the development of tooth enamel. Minimally invasive procedures of the slightly altered enamel contribute to a greater longevity of teeth and prevent them from relapsing into the repetitive restorative cycle. This case history report aimed to show a sequential technique of minimally invasive procedures for esthetic resolution in anterior teeth. Prior to microabrasion, anterior teeth were bleached in office with 37% hydrogen peroxide. Afterwards, hypoplastic spots on the buccal incisal thirds of the maxillary central incisors were treated with two sessions of microabrasion using phosphoric acid and pumice stone and one session using resin infiltrant. Besides a slight remaining white spot on tooth 21, the masking of spots was done with this sequence of treatments, re-establishing color harmony. Spot depth, diagnosis, and the most relevant treatment choice determined the clinical success.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Esmalte Dentário , Microabrasão do Esmalte , Estética Dentária , Humanos
18.
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-7, 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1049566

RESUMO

Objective: This retrospective observational study evaluated the clinical performance of intracoronal whitening and correlated the main factors that interfere with its stability and patient satisfaction. Material and Methods: The paper was designed following the STROBE statement. Patients from the Institute of Science and Technology - ICT/UNESP database who underwent nonvital tooth whitening from August 2010 to July 2015 were selected. Data collection was performed by researching the institution records, patients interview, clinical and radiographic examination. Data were analyzed using MannWhitney test and Spearman's correlation (p < 0.05). Results: The initial search on 1275 records resulted in 43 patients, of whom 18 were selected according to eligibility criteria. There was positive correlation only between the degree of patient's satisfaction and the perception of color difference after whitening treatment (p < 0.05). Color relapse was observed in all conditions, independently of the period of followup (p > 0.05). There was no case of external cervical root resorption. Conclusion: Color changes after whitening influenced patient's satisfaction. There was no correlation among the color relapse and height of gutta-percha, return interval or cause of darkening (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo observacional retrospectivo avaliou o desempenho clínico do clareamento interno e correlacionou os principais fatores que interferem em sua estabilidade e satisfação do paciente. Material e Métodos: O artigo foi elaborado seguindo o STROBE. Pacientes do banco de dados do Instituto de Ciência e Tecnologia ­ ICT/UNESP que foram submetidos ao clareamento dental em dentes desvitalizados entre agosto de 2010 e julho de 2015 foram selecionados. A coleta de dados foi realizada por meio de pesquisa em prontuários da instituição, entrevista com os pacientes, exames clínico e radiográfico. Os dados foram analisados usando o teste de Mann-Whitney e correlação de Spearman (p < 0,05). Resultados: A pesquisa inicial em 1275 registros resultou em 43 pacientes, dos quais 18 foram selecionados de acordo com os critérios de elegibilidade. Houve correlação positiva apenas entre o grau de satisfação do paciente e a percepção da diferença de cor após o tratamento clareador (p < 0,05). A recidiva da cor foi observada em todas as condições, independentemente do tempo de acompanhamento (p > 0,05). Não houve nenhum caso de reabsorção cervical externa. Conclusão: As mudanças de cor após o clareamento influenciaram a satisfação do paciente. Não houve correlação entre a recidiva da cor e a altura do guta-percha, o intervalo de retorno ou a causa do escurecimento. (AU)


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Dente não Vital
19.
Pan Afr Med J ; 34: 72, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31819788

RESUMO

Dental fluorosis is a developmental anomaly affecting aesthetic appearance. The association between microabrasion and external bleaching has shown satisfactory outcomes because it improves aesthetic outcome in patients with light dental fluorosis. The purpose of this study was to update the role of this association as well as its different effects on the enamelled surface.


Assuntos
Microabrasão do Esmalte/métodos , Fluorose Dentária/complicações , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Humanos
20.
Br Dent J ; 227(11): 959-960, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31844222

RESUMO

Dental tooth whitening is used throughout the United Kingdom for patients who have aesthetic concerns regarding the colour of their teeth. Up until recent months it was also frequently used for paediatric patients with enamel opacities of cosmetic concern and discoloured non-vital anterior teeth. This safe and effective treatment option is now not available to paediatric dental patients due to changes in indemnity cover, and we demonstrate three cases from our department where dental whitening was the most appropriate treatment option. By removing this treatment option for selected paediatric patients, we are concerned that more destructive and less effective treatments may be performed with short- and long-term detriment to their oral health. Furthermore, failure to provide any treatment may negatively affect children's quality of life and psychological well-being.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Dente , Criança , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Reino Unido
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