Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.453
Filtrar
1.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 295, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700548

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This randomized controlled trial aimed to evaluate the equivalence in the color change, adverse effects, self-perception (AS) and the impact on oral condition (IO) of participants submitted to different application protocols of in-office dental bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 165 participants were bleached with a 35% hydrogen peroxide gel (Total Blanc Office One-Step, DFL), according to the following protocols: (1) 2 applications of 20-min each (2 × 20 min); (2) 1 × 40-min and; (3) 1 × 30-min. The color change was evaluated with the Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer, Vita Classical and Vita Bleachedguide scales. The intensity and risk of tooth sensitivity (TS) and gingival irritation (GI) were recorded using a 0-10 visual analogue scale (VAS). AS and IO was assessed before and after the bleaching procedure using the Orofacial Aesthetic Scale and Oral Health Impact Profile-14, respectively. RESULTS: Equivalent color change were observed (p < 0.001), with no significant difference between groups. The group 2 × 20 min presented the highest risk of TS (76%, 95% CI 63 to 85), compared to the 1 × 30 min (p < 0.04). The intensity of TS and GI and the risk of GI was similar between groups (p > 0.31). Irrespectively of the group (p = 0.32), significant improvements were observed for all items of AS and IO after bleaching (p < 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The 1 × 30 min protocol produced equivalent color change to the other bleaching protocols with reduced risk of TS and shorter application time. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A more simplified application regimen of a single application of 30 min yields effective bleaching and patient satisfaction while minimizing undesirable side effects and improving patient satisfaction.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Feminino , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Adulto , Método Simples-Cego , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Sensibilidade da Dentina/prevenção & controle , Espectrofotometria , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estética Dentária , Adolescente
2.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 19(2): 170-185, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726858

RESUMO

Single tooth orange discoloration secondary to root canal calcification occurs as a consequence of dental trauma, orthodontic treatment, or for unknown rea- sons. A correct case history must be compiled and a CBCT study carried out in order to establish the diag- nosis and define the best treatment plan in each case. The aim of the present study was to offer a therapeutic protocol involving a clinical decision-making tree dia- gram based on the presence or absence of apical dis- ease and the degree of canal calcification. Dental bleaching and the use of ceramic veneers allow es- thetic restoration in such cases.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Descoloração de Dente/etiologia , Descoloração de Dente/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Facetas Dentárias , Calcificações da Polpa Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificações da Polpa Dentária/etiologia , Masculino , Feminino
3.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 78-84, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704850

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate how fluoride- or chitosan-based toothpaste used during at-home bleaching affects enamel roughness, tooth color, and staining susceptibility. METHODS: Bovine enamel blocks were submitted to a 14-day cycling regime considering a factorial design (bleaching agent x toothpaste, 2 x 3), with n=10: (1) bleaching with 16% carbamide peroxide (CP) or 6% hydrogen peroxide (HP), and (2) daily exposure of a fluoride (1,450 ppm F-NaF) toothpaste (FT), chitosan-based toothpaste (CBT), or distilled water (control). Then, 24 hours after the last day of bleaching procedure the samples were exposed to a coffee solution. Color (ΔEab, ΔE00, L*, a*, b*) and roughness (Ra, µm) analyses were performed to compare the samples initially (baseline), after bleaching, and after coffee staining. The results were evaluated by linear models for repeated measures (L*, a*, b*, and Ra), 2-way ANOVA (ΔEab, ΔE00) and Tukey's test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: After the at-home bleaching procedure (toothpaste vs. time, P< 0.0001), the toothpaste groups presented a statistically lower Ra than the control (CBT 0.05). After coffee exposure, CBT presented lower ΔEab and ΔE00 values in the HP groups (toothpaste, P< 0.0001), and lower b* and a* values in the CP groups (toothpaste vs. time, P= 0.004). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Fluoride or chitosan delivered by toothpaste can reduce surface alterations of the enamel during at-home bleaching, without affecting bleaching efficacy.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Carbamida , Quitosana , Esmalte Dentário , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Cremes Dentais , Quitosana/farmacologia , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia , Animais , Bovinos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Esmalte Dentário/efeitos dos fármacos , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Peróxido de Carbamida/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície , Fluoretos/farmacologia , Cor , Ureia/análogos & derivados , Ureia/farmacologia , Café , Peróxidos/farmacologia
4.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 101-105, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704853

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of toothbrushing with conventional and whitening dentifrices on the color difference (ΔE00), gloss (Δgloss), and surface roughness (SR) of stained stabilized zirconia with 5 mol% of yttrium oxide (5Y-TZP) after polishing or glazing. METHODS: Specimens were divided into four groups (n=20): C (control), S (staining), SG (staining and glazing) and SP (staining and polishing). 50,000 toothbrushing cycles were performed with conventional (n=10) and whitening (n= 10) dentifrice slurries. The ΔE00 and Δgloss were measured using a spectrophotometer and CIEDE2000 system while SR was measured by laser confocal microscope. The ΔE00 and Δgloss data were analyzed using 2-way ANOVA, and SR data were analyzed using the linear repeated measures model, with Bonferroni's complementary test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: The ΔE00 values were beyond the acceptability threshold and no differences were found among the groups. There was no difference among groups to Δgloss after toothbrushing with conventional dentifrice while SP presented the highest values of Δgloss after toothbrushing with whitening dentifrice. Conventional dentifrice decreased the SR of stained groups and whitening dentifrice decreased SR of S and SG. The toothbrushing with conventional and whitening dentifrices promoted color difference, but did not impair gloss and surface roughness of stained 5Y-TZP. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Monolithic zirconia has been routinely used for esthetic restorations, however the type of finishing procedures that is carried out on it must be taken into consideration, in addition to the fact that brushing can influence the color difference of the material as well as interfere with surface roughness and gloss.


Assuntos
Dentifrícios , Propriedades de Superfície , Escovação Dentária , Zircônio , Zircônio/química , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Cor , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico , Polimento Dentário/métodos , Ítrio/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Espectrofotometria , Microscopia Confocal
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 445, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Considering the extensive use of bleaching agents and the occurrence of side effects such as enamel demineralization, this study aimed to assess the enamel changes of bleached teeth following the experimental application of chitosan-bioactive glass (CH-BG). METHODS: In this in vitro study, CH-BG (containing 66% BG) was synthesized and characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Thirty sound human premolars were bleached with 40% hydrogen peroxide, and the weight% of calcium and phosphorus elements of the buccal enamel surface was quantified before and after bleaching by scanning electron microscopy/ energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM, EDX). Depending on the surface treatment of the enamel surface, the specimens were divided into three groups (n = 10): control (no treatment), MI Paste (MI), and CH-BG. Then the specimens were stored in artificial saliva for 14 days. The SEM/EDX analyses were performed again on the enamel surface. Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test and a p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: In all groups, the weight% of calcium and phosphorus elements of enamel decreased after bleaching; this reduction was significant for phosphorus (p < 0.05) and insignificant for calcium (p > 0.05). After 14 days of remineralization, the weight% of both calcium and phosphorus elements was significantly higher compared to their bleached counterparts in both MI and CH-BG groups (p < 0.05). Following the remineralization process, the difference between MI and CH-BG groups was not significant (p > 0.05) but both had a significant difference with the control group in this regard (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The synthesized CH-BG compound showed an efficacy comparable to that of MI Paste for enamel remineralization of bleached teeth.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Cálcio , Quitosana/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário , Fósforo
6.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 280, 2024 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38671235

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of office bleaching of teeth bonded with Transbond XTTM (3M Unitek, Monrovia, CA, USA) (TRXT) and the use of color change resistant Orthocem (FGM, Joinville, Brazil) in bracket bonding on coffee-induced enamel discoloration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty premolars were distributed in equal numbers (n = 20) to group 1 (TRXT + distilled water), group 2 (TRXT + coffee solution), group 3 (TRXT + coffee solution + bleaching), and group 4 (Orthocem + coffee solution). Color was measured using a SpectroShade Micro (MHT, International, Verona, Italy) device at the beginning (T0), after coloring (T1), after bleaching (T1B), and after debonding (T2). ΔE color change values were calculated as T1-T0, T1B-T0 and T2-T0 differences. The conformity of the data to the normal distribution was examined with the Shapiro-Wilk test. Multiple comparisons were made with Tamhane's T2 test and Tukey's HSD test using one-way analysis of variance in the comparison of normally distributed data, and multiple comparisons were made with Dunn's test using the Kruskal-Wallis H test for comparison of non-normally distributed data. The significance level was set at p < 0.050. RESULTS: A statistically significant (p < 0.001) difference was found between the T1-T0 and T2-T0 stages for group 1-4 ΔE values. A statistically significant (p < 0.001) difference was also found when the T1B-T0 ΔE values of group 3 were compared with the T1-T0 ΔE values of groups 1, 2, and 4. CONCLUSIONS: After coffee-induced enamel discoloration, bleaching of teeth bonded with TRXT produced acceptable color difference of the incisal, middle, and gingival regions of the crown. In teeth bonded with Orthocem, acceptable color difference was seen only in the middle of the crown. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The presented study will guide the clinician on how enamel discoloration side effect of fixed orthodontic appliance can reduce.


Assuntos
Braquetes Ortodônticos , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Descoloração de Dente/induzido quimicamente , Propriedades de Superfície , Dente Pré-Molar , Clareadores Dentários/química , Café , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cor , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Teste de Materiais
7.
J Dent ; 145: 104989, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To map and summarize the current scientific evidence concerning the active ingredients, effectiveness, and adverse effects of over-the-counter (OTC) bleaching products. DATA AND SOURCE: This study was conducted according to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines for scoping reviews and registered on the Open Science Framework platform. STUDY SELECTION: Database searches were conducted in PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and Scopus up to January 2024. All in vitro, in situ, and clinical studies evaluating the effectiveness and adverse effects of OTC bleaching products were included. A descriptive analysis of the included studies was performed. RESULTS: A total of 88 studies were included. Most of them were in vitro studies (n = 49), followed by randomized clinical trials (n = 28). The main OTC bleaching products identified were whitening or stain-removing toothpastes (n = 42), followed by whitening strips (n = 39). Most clinical studies indicate that whitening strips are effective in improving tooth color and providing whitening benefits. In contrast, the bleaching effectiveness of toothpastes, mouth rinses and whitening trays was mainly supported by in vitro studies. The main adverse effects associated with OTC bleaching agents were tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation. CONCLUSION: A wide variety of OTC bleaching products is available for consumer self-administered use. Clinical studies have mainly confirmed the bleaching effectiveness of whitening strips, while the validation for toothpastes, mouth rinses and whitening trays has mainly relied on in vitro studies. Nevertheless, the use of OTC bleaching products may result in adverse effects, including tooth sensitivity, gingival irritation, and enamel surface changes. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Some over-the-counter bleaching products may have whitening properties supported by clinical studies, particularly those containing hydrogen or carbamide peroxide. Nonetheless, clinicians must be aware of the potential risks associated with excessive self-administration of these products, which may result in adverse effects.


Assuntos
Medicamentos sem Prescrição , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Cremes Dentais , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Humanos , Clareadores Dentários/uso terapêutico , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/efeitos adversos , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico , Antissépticos Bucais/efeitos adversos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Descoloração de Dente/induzido quimicamente , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/efeitos adversos , Peróxido de Carbamida/uso terapêutico
8.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240301. 44 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1537499

RESUMO

Os cistos odontogênicos são processos patológicos de origem do epitélio odontogênico que ocorrem nos ossos gnáticos. A maioria dos cistos que acometem os ossos gnáticos são originários do epitélio odontogênico. O tratamento pode ser feito através da enucleação cirúrgica, ressecção óssea, ou com o auxílio de técnicas cirúrgicas de marsupialização ou descompressão para obter a redução do tamanho do cisto como também de preservar estruturas nobres na região. O estudo seguiu as diretrizes Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) foi registrado na plataforma PROSPERO sob o número de protocolo: CRD:42021239597. Uma estratégia Population, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, Study Design (PICOS) foi utilizada. Foram selecionados 08 artigos específicos sobre a utilização de dispositivos de descompressão para cistos odontogênicos. De um total de 181 lesões identificadas e comprovadas por exame anátomo-patológico, foram encontrados 123 queratocistos, 40 cistos dentígeros, 09 cistos radiculares, 01 cisto de origem epitelial, porém sem especificação e 08 ameloblastomas unicísticos. As principais vantagens da descompressão foram minimizar as possiblidades de danos a estruturas nobres anatômicas e objetivando uma cirurgia definitiva com menor morbidade. As principais desvantagens foram: maior tempo de tratamento e dependência da colaboração do paciente. Embora não haja uma resposta sobre qual o melhor dispositivo utilizado para descompressão, este procedimento é benéfico ao tratamento, principalmente em casos de lesões extensas. O objetivo deste trabalho foi fazer uma revisão sistemática sobre os principais tipos de dispositivos utilizados para descompressão de cistos odontogênicos e integrando os dados publicados disponíveis sobre as indicações, tipos, vantagens e desvantagens dos dispositivos utilizados na descompressão de lesões císticas odontogênicas na cavidade oral.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental
9.
São Paulo; s.n; 20240301. 104 p.
Tese em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1532259

RESUMO

A fim de conter o avanço das lesões incipientes de cárie (LMB: lesões de mancha branca) e, oportunamente, de minimizar seu aspecto estético insatisfatório, a infiltração com material resinoso fotopolimerizável de baixa viscosidade e alto coeficiente de penetração vem sendo indicada. Contudo, nem sempre se consegue mascarar as LMB por completo, talvez principalmente em dentes escurecidos. Avaliou-se, pois, in vitro, o efeito do clareamento como complementação à infiltração resinosa, na dissimulação (diferença de cor do esmalte tratado vs. adjacente) de LMB em esmalte bovino artificialmente escurecido, comparativamente ao normal. Fragmentos de 6 x 3 mm, obtidos de incisivos bovinos, foram planificados e polidos, avaliados quanto à microdureza superficial (KHN, 50 g, 10 s), e distribuídos em sete grupos (n=15): N.L, N.LI, NB.LIB, E.L, E.LI, EB.LIB e C. O esmalte dos espécimes dos grupos E foi artificialmente escurecido (100 ml de água destilada / 25 g de café solúvel, 15 dias; E: escurecido), e o daqueles dos grupos N, não (N: normal). Na metade direita (região tratada - 3 x 3 mm) de todos eles, então, determinou-se uma LMB (tampão de acetato 50 mM, 64 horas, 37 oC), que não recebeu qualquer tratamento (L: lesão nenhum tratamento), ou foi apenas infiltrada H3PO4 37% / 10 s; Icon®-Dry / 30 s; Icon®- Infiltrant / 3 min + 1 min; LI: lesão infiltrada), ou infiltrada e, como o esmalte adjacente (metade esquerda, região referência/baseline - 3 x 3 mm), submetida a clareamento/bleaching (Opalescence Boost 40%, 3x de 20 min cada; LIB: lesão infiltrada e clareada; NB e EB: esmalte adjacente normal ou escurecido clareado). O esmalte de ambas as metades dos espécimes do grupo C (C: controle) não foi submetido a nada além da planificação e do polimento. Determinou-se os valores de E00, L, a e b (fórmula CIEDE2000), considerando-se como referência/baseline, em um mesmo espécime, a superfície de esmalte adjacente (metade esquerda) àquela devidamente desmineralizada / desmineralizada e tratada (metade direita) e, como a referência, submetida, ou não, a clareamento dentário. Para o grupo controle, tal diferença foi determinada entre suas duas metades. Considerando-se como fatores experimentais a condição inicial do esmalte (em 2 níveis) e o tratamento da LMB, bem como do esmalte adjacente, quando pertinente (em 3 níveis), analisou-se estatisticamente os dados por meio de ANOVA a 2 critérios e teste de Tukey. Para comparar cada um dos grupos experimentais entre si e com o grupo C, empregou-se o teste de Kruskal-Wallis e o de Dunn para E00, L e a, e ANOVA a 1 fator e teste de Tukey para b. Em todos os casos adotou-se =0,05. Independentemente se o clareamento é realizado, ou não, a infiltração resinosa é capaz de mascarar as LMB tanto no esmalte normal, quanto no escurecido. Ora, é indiferente realizar o clareamento como complementação à infiltração resinosa na dissimulação de LMB.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Cor , Estética
10.
Am J Dent ; 37(1): 3-8, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458975

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effectiveness of whitening toothpaste in restoring tooth color after coffee staining and its potential impact on enamel surfaces compared with regular toothpaste. METHODS: Bovine tooth enamel specimens were prepared and stained with coffee solutions before undergoing brushing simulation with different toothpaste slurries (whitening, regular, reference). For precise evaluation, spectrophotometric measurements were taken at intervals to assess color changes using the CIELAB (Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage Lab*) color space. Additionally, profilometric measurements were taken to determine the impact of toothpaste type on the roughness and abraded depth of the enamel surface. To understand the effects of toothpaste and brushing on color change, surface roughness, and abraded depth, while also considering correlations between these factors, the findings were analyzed using mixed-effects models. RESULTS: The whitening toothpaste group demonstrated the highest recovery rate (71%) after 10,000 brushstrokes, followed by the regular toothpaste group (48%) and the reference slurry group (43%). The mixed-effects model analysis revealed that the reference group had a smaller change in lightness (ΔL) than those in the regular toothpaste group. The whitening toothpaste group showed a greater change in lightness on average than those in the regular toothpaste group, with an increase in lightness as the number of brushstrokes increased. According to the roughness and abraded depth data, the whitening toothpaste group was least affected by brushing, while the reference and regular toothpaste groups showed higher levels of roughness and abraded depth at all intervals. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Gaining a thorough understanding of the effectiveness of whitening toothpaste and its impact on the enamel surface plays a crucial role in refining toothpaste formulations and advancing tooth whitening techniques in dental care.


Assuntos
Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Cremes Dentais/uso terapêutico , Cremes Dentais/farmacologia , Café , Esmalte Dentário , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Descoloração de Dente/prevenção & controle , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Escovação Dentária , Assistência Odontológica , Cor
11.
Arch Oral Biol ; 161: 105937, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442471

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of induced nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in nociception/orofacial discomfort in rats submitted to tooth whitening with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). DESIGN: Wistar rats were divided into three groups (n = 24/group): a sham group not submitted to whitening treatment, a saline group submitted to whitening treatment, and a test group submitted to whitening treatment and blockade of iNOS with aminoguanidine 50 mg/kg/day. After 24 and 48 h, and 7 days, the animals were euthanized to collect trigeminal ganglia and maxillae to histomorphometric analysis (size of neuronal bodies and percentage of pulp area filled by vessels) and behavior/nociception (Grimace scales, scratching and biting counting, weight loss and nociception assay). ANOVA-1- or - 2-way tests were used (p < 0.05, GraphPadPrism 5.0). RESULTS: The aminoguanidine-treated group showed a reduction in nociceptive threshold in the masseteric region (p < 0.001), Grimace scale scores (p < 0.001), number of scratching (p = 0.011) and body mass loss (p = 0.007). After 24 and 48 h of tooth bleaching, the saline group showed a significant increase in the mean area of the blood vessels (p = 0.020) and iNOS immunostaining in odontoblasts (p = 0.002) and non-odontoblasts cells (p = 0.025). Aminoguanidine reversed both increases. Tooth bleaching reduced the mean area of neuronal bodies, and aminoguanidine significantly reversed it (p = 0.019), but an increase in GFAP immunostaining in neuronal bodies did not reduce after seven-days or after aminoguanidine treatment (p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: iNOS blockage by aminoguanidine plays an important role in nociception and orofacial discomfort by control of inflammation in dental pulp after tooth bleaching with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) 35%.


Assuntos
Guanidinas , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Ratos , Animais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Nociceptividade , Óxido Nítrico , Ratos Wistar , Óxido Nítrico Sintase
12.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 153: 106497, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458078

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether coating enamel with a polymeric primer (PPol) containing titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) before applying a bleaching gel with 35% H2O2 (35% BG) increases esthetic efficacy, prevents changes in morphology and hardness of enamel, as well as reduces the cytotoxicity from conventional in-office bleaching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Standardized enamel/dentin discs were stained and bleached for 45 min (one session) with 35% BG. Groups 2TiF4, 6TiF4, and 10TiF4 received the gel on the enamel previously coated with PPol containing 2 mg/mL, 6 mg/mL, or 10 mg/mL, respectively. No treatment or application of 35% BG directly on enamel were used as negative control (NC), and positive control (PC), respectively. UV-reflectance spectrophotometry (CIE L*a*b* system, ΔE00, and ΔWI, n = 8) determined the bleaching efficacy of treatments. Enamel microhardness (Knoop, n = 8), morphology, and composition (SEM/EDS, n = 4) were also evaluated. Enamel/dentin discs adapted to artificial pulp chambers (n = 8) were used for trans-amelodentinal cytotoxicity tests. Following the treatments, the extracts (culture medium + bleaching gel components diffused through the discs) were collected and applied to odontoblast-like MDPC-23 cells, which were assessed concerning their viability (alamarBlue, n = 8; Live/Dead, n = 4), oxidative stress (n = 8), and morphology (SEM). The amount of H2O2 in the extracts was also determined (leuco crystal violet/peroxidase, n = 8). The numerical data underwent one-criterion variance analysis (one-way ANOVA), followed by Tukey's test, at a 5% significance level. RESULTS: Regarding the ΔE00, no difference was observed among groups 2TiF4, 6TiF4, and PC (p > 0.05). The ΔWI was similar between groups 2TiF4 and PC (p > 0.05). The ΔWI of group 6TiF4 was superior to PC (p < 0.05), and group 10TiF4 achieved the highest ΔE00 and ΔWI values (p < 0.05). Besides limiting enamel microstructural changes compared to PC, group 10TiF4 significantly increased the hardness of this mineralized dental tissue. The highest cellular viability occurred in 10TiF4 compared to the other bleached groups (p < 0.05). Trans-amelodentinal H2O2 diffusion decreased in groups 2TiF4, 6TiF4, and 10TiF4 in comparison with PC (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Coating enamel with a PPol containing TiF4 before applying a 35% BG may increase enamel microhardness and esthetic efficacy and reduce the trans-amelodentinal cytotoxicity of conventional in-office tooth bleaching. The PPol containing 10 mg/mL of TiF4 promoted the best outcomes.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Dentina , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Esmalte Dentário
13.
J Dent ; 144: 104951, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the efficacy of simulated brushing with toothpastes containing different concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) in pulp chamber penetration and color change. Also, physical-chemical properties (concentration, pH and viscosity) were evaluated. METHODS: Forty-nine premolars were divided into seven groups (n = 7): untreated (control); whitening gel (White Class 6 %, 6 %BG) with one 90  min application (6 %BG 90  min) and 14 applications of 90  min (6 %BG 14×90 min); toothpastes (Colgate Luminous White Glow 3 %, 3 %TP; Crest 3D White Brilliance 4 %, 4 %TP; Colgate Optic White Pro-Series 5 %, 5 %TP) and 6 %BG toothbrushing for 14 applications of 90 s. HP penetration into the pulp chamber was measured through UV-Vis spectrophotometry and color change with a spectrophotometer (ΔEab, ΔE00, and ΔWID). Initial concentration, pH, and viscosity were measured through Titration, Digital pH-meter, and Rheometer, respectively. Statistical analysis used one-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: 6 %BG (14×90 min) and 4 %TP groups showed acidic pH and higher concentrations of HP in the pulp chamber compared to the other groups (p < 0.05). On the other side, 3 %TP and 5 %TP groups showed alkaline pH, higher viscosity between the toothpastes and lower HP penetration (p < 0.05). The 6 %BG AH (14×90 min) group exhibited the most significant color change (ΔEab, ΔE00, and ΔWID) (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Brushing with whitening toothpaste with an acidic pH leads to greater HP penetration into pulp chamber; but, even when a high concentrated HP whitening toothpaste was used, a lower whitening effect was observed when compared to a two-week at-home bleaching. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Whitening toothpastes containing up to 5 % HP produced lower whitening effect than two-week at-home bleaching. Additionally, HP was detected within the pulp chamber which can potentially impact in tooth sensitivity.


Assuntos
Cor , Cavidade Pulpar , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Escovação Dentária , Cremes Dentais , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Humanos , Clareadores Dentários/farmacocinética , Clareadores Dentários/química , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Cremes Dentais/química , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/metabolismo , Viscosidade , Teste de Materiais , Fatores de Tempo , Espectrofotometria , Dente Pré-Molar , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
14.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 224, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38509406

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the bleaching efficacy and permeability of hydrogen peroxide (HP) in the pulp chamber of human teeth bleached with lower concentrations of carbamide peroxide gel (4%, 5% and 7% CP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Bleaching gels with lower concentrations were formulated and a commercial standard gel, 10% CP, was used as a reference. Fifty-six human premolars were randomly divided into four groups. Applications of the bleaching gel were made for 3 h for 21 days. The bleaching efficacy was evaluated by digital spectrophotometry on 1, 7, 14 and 21 days, with analysis in the ∆Eab, ∆E00 and WID color spaces. The concentration of HP in the pulp chamber was measured in the same periods by UV-Vis spectrophotometry (µg/mL). Two-way repeated analysis of variance (ANOVA) examined bleaching efficacy and HP permeability, followed by Tukey's post-hoc test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: All groups showed significant color changes, with no statistical differences after the second and third week of bleaching (p > 0.05). The 'time' factor was statistically different (p < 0.05), increasing the bleaching efficacy throughout the treatment. The 4% CP group had lower HP levels in the pulp chamber (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The results seem promising, revealing that low concentration gels are as effective as 10% CP with the benefit of reducing the amount of HP in the pulp chamber. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Low concentration 4% PC and 5% PC maintains bleaching efficacy, reduces the penetration of HP peroxide into the pulp chamber, and may reduce tooth sensitivity.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Peróxido de Carbamida , Cavidade Pulpar , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Ácido Hipocloroso , Géis , Ureia/farmacologia , Peróxidos/farmacologia
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 189, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38430338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess color change efficacy and the adverse effects of varied over-the-counter (OTC) bleaching protocols. METHODOLOGY: The study included randomized clinical trials evaluating color changes from OTC bleaching agents. Nine databases were searched, including the partial capture of the grey literature. The RoB2 tool analyzed the individual risk of bias in the studies. Frequentist network meta-analyses compared treatments through common comparators (∆Eab* and ∆SGU color changes, and tooth sensitivity), integrating direct and indirect estimates and using the mean and risk differences as effect measures with respective 95% confidence intervals. The GRADE approach assessed the certainty of the evidence. RESULTS: Overall, 37 remaining studies constituted the qualitative analysis, and ten composed the meta-analyses. The total sample included 1,932 individuals. ∆Eab* was significantly higher in groups 6% hydrogen peroxide (HP) strips (≥ 14 h). ∆SGU was significantly higher in groups at-home 10% carbamide peroxide (CP) (≥ 14 h), followed by 6% HP strips (≥ 14 h) and 3% HP strips (≥ 14 h). At-home 10% CP (7-13 h) and placebo showed lower risks of tooth sensitivity without significant differences between these treatments. CONCLUSION: Considering the low level of evidence, OTC products presented satisfactory short-term effects on tooth bleaching compared to the placebo, with little to no impact on dentin hypersensitivity and gingival irritation. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: OTC products are proving to be practical alternatives for tooth whitening. However, patients should be advised about the possible risks of carrying out such procedures without professional supervision.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Peróxido de Carbamida , Cor , Sensibilidade da Dentina/tratamento farmacológico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Ácido Hipocloroso , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Peróxidos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Ureia
16.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20230348, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38537029

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Repositioning guides are commonly employed in clinical studies to ensure consistent tooth color measurements. Yet, their influence on measured color remains uncertain. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the impact of repositioning guides' color and usage on tooth color measurement using a clinical spectrophotometer. METHODOLOGY: In total, 18 volunteers participated in this study, in which the color of their upper left central incisor and upper left canine was measured with or without repositioning guides (control). The guides were made from pink, blue, or translucent silicone, as well as an acetate-based bleaching tray. Tooth color was measured in triplicates using a clinical spectrophotometer based on the CIELAB system. The standard deviations of these readings were used to estimate reproducibility, and color differences (ΔE00) between the measurements with guides and the control were calculated. RESULTS: Repositioning guides had a minimal effect on L* values and no effect on b* values. The use of pink silicone increased a* values, whereas blue or translucent silicone reduced them. Irrespective of the evaluated tooth, the lowest ΔE00 values were observed for the translucent silicone and bleaching tray. The usage of guides only affected data variability for the L* color coordinate. CONCLUSION: Using repositioning guides can significantly impact the precision of tooth color measurement with a clinical spectrophotometer.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Cor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Espectrofotometria , Silicones
17.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20230416, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38536995

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: At low concentrations used for in-office bleaching gels, such as 6% HP, gingival barrier continues to be performed. If we take into account that, in the at-home bleaching technique, no barrier is indicated, it seems that the use of a gingival barrier fails to make much sense when bleaching gel in low concentration is used for in-office bleaching. OBJECTIVE: This double-blind, split-mouth, randomized clinical trial evaluated the gingival irritation (GI) of in-office bleaching using 6% hydrogen peroxide (HP) with and without a gingival barrier in adolescents, as well as color change and the impact of oral condition on quality of life. METHODOLOGY: Overall, 60 participants were randomized into which side would or would not receive the gingival barrier. In-office bleaching was performed for 50 minutes with 6% HP in three sessions. The absolute risk and intensity of GI were assessed with a visual analogue scale. Color change was assessed using a digital spectrophotometer and color guides. The impact of oral condition on quality of life was assessed using the Brazilian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (α=0.05). RESULTS: The proportion of patients who presented GI for the "with barrier" group was 31.6% and for the "without barrier" group, 30% (p=1.0). There is an equivalence for the evaluated groups regarding GI intensity (p<0.01). Color change was detected with no statistical differences (p>0.29). There was a significant impact of oral condition on quality of life after bleaching (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: The use or not of the gingival barrier for in-office bleaching with 6% HP was equivalent for GI, as well as for bleaching efficacy, with improvement in the impact of oral condition on quality of life.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Humanos , Adolescente , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareadores Dentários/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Sensibilidade da Dentina/induzido quimicamente , Géis
18.
J Dent ; 143: 104902, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of tooth whitening on biomechanical properties of vacuum-formed retainers (VFRs). METHODS: Using a split-mouth, randomised controlled trial design, thirty participants were randomly allocated to receive whitening on either the upper or the lower arch, using 10 % carbamide peroxide for two weeks. Biomechanical properties such as hardness, tensile strength, and surface roughness were assessed two weeks after whitening was completed. RESULTS: Tensile strength of the whitening arch (mean ± SD: 40.93 ± 3.96 MPa) was significantly lower than that of the control (47.40 ± 5.03 MPa) (difference 6.47 MPa, 95 % CI 4.51 - 8.42, p < 0.001). Hardness and internal roughness of the whitening arch (VHN = 14.63 ± 2.29 N/mm2 and Ra = 1.33 ± 0.35 µm, respectively) were significantly greater than those of the control (12.22 ± 1.86 N/mm2 and 0.96 ± 0.29 µm, respectively) (differences 2.41 N/mm2, 95 % CI 1.56 - 3.25, p < 0.001 and 0.37 µm, 95 % CI 0.23 - 0.51, p < 0.001, respectively). The whitening arch showed greater tooth colour change (ΔE = 6.00 ± 3.32) than the control (ΔE = 2.50 ± 1.70) (difference = 3.50, 95 % CI 2.43 - 4.56, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Based on this short-term study, marked tooth colour change was achieved by whitening with VFRs as the whitening trays, but this changed the VFRs' biomechanical properties, including a decrease in tensile strength and an increase in hardness and internal roughness. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The application of carbamide peroxide in VFRs may compromise their mechanical properties.


Assuntos
Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Dente , Humanos , Peróxido de Carbamida , Vácuo , Clareadores Dentários/farmacologia , Ureia , Peróxidos/farmacologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/farmacologia , Combinação de Medicamentos
19.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(1): 68-71, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38514434

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the stain removal ability and color stability of three distinct dentifrices on artificially stained enamel surface. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included 75 intact, healthy premolars free of dental caries that were extracted during orthodontic therapy. The samples were allowed to dry for 6 hours after being submerged in the prepared tea solution for roughly 18 hours every day. Then this procedure was repeated for seven successive days. All samples were randomly divided into three experimental groups with 25 samples in each group. Group I: control dentifrice, group II: dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide, group III: dentifrice containing papain and bromelain. A specially designed toothbrushing simulator was used to brush every sample in the relevant group. Using a spectrophotometer and a measurement program, color measurement was evaluated after staining process after 4 weeks and 8 weeks of teeth cleaning. Using a profilometer, the surface roughness values (Ra) were assessed. RESULTS: After 8 weeks of brushing of stained samples, the color stability was better in dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide (1.14 ± 0.11) followed by dentifrice containing papain and bromelain (1.22 ± 0.08) and control group (1.30 ± 0.09). And after 8 weeks of brushing of stained samples, the surface roughness was more in dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide (0.237 ± 0.02) followed by dentifrice containing papain and bromelain (0.229 ± 0.13) and control group (0.207 ± 0.05). CONCLUSION: The present study concluded that the dentifrice containing hydrogen peroxide showed a superior whitening effect on the stained enamel surface than dentifrice containing papain and bromelain and control dentifrice. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The development of various dentifrice products has been greatly aided by the increased demand for an improved esthetic appearance. Teeth's natural color and any external stains that could accumulate on the tooth surface combine to determine a tooth's color. Additionally, the use of whitening dental pastes to remove external stains has grown in favor. With the development of these whitening toothpastes, dentifrices' ability to lessen or eliminate extrinsic dental stains has increased. How to cite this article: Mishra D, Kamath DG, Alagla M, et al. Evaluation of Stain Removal Efficacy and Color Stability of Three Different Dentifrices on Artificially Stained Enamel Surface-An In Vitro Study. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(1):68-71.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dentifrícios , Clareamento Dental , Descoloração de Dente , Humanos , Dentifrícios/uso terapêutico , Bromelaínas/uso terapêutico , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/uso terapêutico , Corantes , Descoloração de Dente/tratamento farmacológico , Papaína/uso terapêutico , Cárie Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Escovação Dentária , Esmalte Dentário
20.
Int Endod J ; 57(6): 630-654, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38470103

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although several studies indicate the harmful effects of bleaching on pulp tissue, the demand for this procedure using high concentrations of hydrogen peroxide (HP) is high. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the influence of bleaching on the pulp tissue. METHODS: Electronic searches were conducted (PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Cochrane Library and grey literature) until February 2021. Only in vivo studies that evaluated the effects of HP and/or carbamide peroxide (CP) bleaching gels on the inflammatory response in the pulp tissue compared with a non-bleached group were included. Risk of bias was performed according to a modified Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies scale for human studies and the Systematic Review Centre for Laboratory Animal Experimentation's RoB tool for animal studies. Meta-analysis was unfeasible. RESULTS: Of the 1311 studies, 30 were eligible. Of these, 18 studies evaluated the inflammatory response in animal models. All these studies reported a moderate-to-strong inflammatory response in the superficial regions of pulp, characterized by cell disorganization and necrotic areas, particularly during the initial periods following exposure to 35%-38% HP, for 30-40 min. In the evaluation of human teeth across 11 studies, seven investigated inflammatory responses, with five observing significant inflammation in the pulp of bleached teeth. In terms of tertiary dentine deposition, 11 out of 12 studies noted its occurrence after bleaching with 35%-38% HP in long-term assessments. Additionally, three studies reported significant levels of osteocalcin/osteopontin at 2 or 10 days post-treatment. Other studies indicated an increase in pro-inflammatory cytokines ranging from immediately up to 10 days after bleaching. Studies using humans' teeth had a low risk of bias, whereas animal studies had a high risk of bias. DISCUSSION: Despite the heterogeneity in bleaching protocols among studies, High-concentrations of HP shows the potential to induce significant pulp damage. CONCLUSIONS: High-concentrations of bleaching gel increases inflammatory response and necrosis in the pulp tissue at short periods after bleaching, mainly in rat molars and in human incisors, in addition to greater hard tissue deposition over time. However, further well-described histological studies with long-term follow-up are encouraged due to the methodological limitations of these studies. REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (CRD42021230937).


Assuntos
Peróxido de Carbamida , Polpa Dentária , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Clareadores Dentários , Clareamento Dental , Clareamento Dental/métodos , Clareamento Dental/efeitos adversos , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Humanos , Animais , Peróxido de Carbamida/farmacologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...