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1.
J. physiol. biochem ; 80(1): 81-97, Feb. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229942

RESUMO

DERL2 (derlin 2) is a critical component of the endoplasmic reticulum quality control pathway system whose mutations play an important role in carcinogenesis, including cholangiocarcinoma (CHOL). However, its role and its underlying mechanism have yet to be elucidated. Herein, we revealed that DERL2 was highly expressed in CHOL and considered as an independent prognostic indicator for inferior survival in CHOL. DERL2 ectopically expressed in CHOL cells promoted cell proliferation and colony formation rates, and depleting DERL2 in CHOL cells curbed tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. More interestingly, the knockout of DERL2 augmented the growth-inhibitory effect of gemcitabine chemotherapy on CHOL cells by inducing cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, we discovered that DERL2 interacted with BAG6 (BAG cochaperone 6), thereby extending its half-life and reinforcing the oncogenic role of BAG6 in CHOL progression. (AU)


Assuntos
Colangiocarcinoma , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Carcinogênese , Tratamento Farmacológico
2.
Clin. transl. oncol. (Print) ; 26(2): 414-423, feb. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230186

RESUMO

Background Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a heterogeneous malignancy. The aim of the study was to investigate the regulatory role of long noncoding RNA LINC00844 in CCA progression, explore the underlying molecular mechanisms, and to analyze the potential prognostic value of LINC00844 in CCA patients. Methods Expression of LINC00844 in CCA cell lines and tissues was examined by reverse transcription-quantitative PCR. Cell counting kit-8 assay was used to assess CCA cell proliferation, and the Transwell assay was used to evaluate tumor cell migration and invasion. miRNAs sponged by LINC00844 were predicted and confirmed using a luciferase reporter assay. Kaplan–Meier survival analysis was performed to evaluate the survival prognosis of CCA patients. Results The expression levels of LINC00844 were decreased in CCA tissues and cells. Overexpression of LINC00844 inhibited cell proliferation, migration and invasion in CCA cells. miR-19a-5p is directly targeted by LINC00844, mediating the inhibitory effects of LINC00844 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of CCA cells. LINC00844 and miR-19a-5p expression were associated with differentiation and tumor node metastasis stage in CCA patients. CCA patients with low LINC00844 expression or overexpression of miR-19a-5p had worse overall survival. Conclusion The expression levels of LINC00844 were decreased in both CCA tissues and cells, and high LINC00844 inhibited CCA cell proliferation, migration and invasion through sponging miR-19a-5p. Low LINC00844 and high miR-19a-5p expression were associated with worse overall survival in CCA patients. All the data suggested that the LINC00844/miR-19a-5p axis may provide novel therapeutic targets and prognostic biomarkers for CCA patients (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética
3.
J. physiol. biochem ; 80(1): 81-97, Feb. 2024. ilus, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-567

RESUMO

DERL2 (derlin 2) is a critical component of the endoplasmic reticulum quality control pathway system whose mutations play an important role in carcinogenesis, including cholangiocarcinoma (CHOL). However, its role and its underlying mechanism have yet to be elucidated. Herein, we revealed that DERL2 was highly expressed in CHOL and considered as an independent prognostic indicator for inferior survival in CHOL. DERL2 ectopically expressed in CHOL cells promoted cell proliferation and colony formation rates, and depleting DERL2 in CHOL cells curbed tumor growth in vitro and in vivo. More interestingly, the knockout of DERL2 augmented the growth-inhibitory effect of gemcitabine chemotherapy on CHOL cells by inducing cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, we discovered that DERL2 interacted with BAG6 (BAG cochaperone 6), thereby extending its half-life and reinforcing the oncogenic role of BAG6 in CHOL progression. (AU)


Assuntos
Colangiocarcinoma , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Carcinogênese , Tratamento Farmacológico
4.
Mol Cancer ; 23(1): 35, 2024 02 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to exert important effects in the progression of numerous cancers. However, the functions of circRNAs in intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) are still unclear. METHODS: circPCNXL2 (has_circ_0016956) were identified in paired ICC by circRNA microarray. Then, we assessed the biological functions of circPCNXL2 by CCK8, EdU, clone formation, transwell, wound healing assays, and xenograft models. RNA pull-down, mass spectrometry, and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) were applied to explore the interaction between cirrcPCNXL2 and serine-threonine kinase receptor-associated protein (STRAP). RNA pull-down, RIP and luciferase reporter assays were used to investigate the sponge functions of circPCNXL2. In the end, we explore the effects of circPCNXL2 and trametinib (a MEK1/2 inhibitor) in vivo. RESULTS: circPCNXL2 was upregulated in ICC tissues and cell lines, which promoted the proliferation and metastasis of ICC in vitro and in vivo. In terms of the mechanisms, circPCNXL2 could directly bind to STRAP and induce the interaction between STRAP and MEK1/2, resulting in the tumor promotion in ICC by activation of ERK/MAPK pathways. Besides, circPCNXL2 could regulate the expression of SRSF1 by sponging miR-766-3p and subsequently facilitated the growth of ICC. Finally, circPCNXL2 could partially inhibit the anti-tumor activity of trametinib in vivo. CONCLUSION: circPCNXL2 played a crucial role in the progression of ICC by interacting with STRAP to activate the ERK signaling pathway, as well as by modulating the miR-766-3p/SRSF1 axis. These findings suggest that circPCNXL2 may be a promising biomarker and therapeutic target for ICC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , MicroRNAs , Humanos , RNA Circular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fatores de Processamento de Serina-Arginina/metabolismo
5.
JCO Precis Oncol ; 8: e2300534, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38394469

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICCA) is characterized by significant phenotypic and clinical heterogeneities and poor response to systemic therapy, potentially related to underlying heterogeneity in oncogenic alterations. We aimed to characterize the genomic heterogeneity between primary tumors and advanced disease in patients with ICCA. METHODS: Biopsy-proven CCA specimens (primary tumor and paired advanced disease [metastatic disease, progressive disease on systemic therapy, or postoperative recurrence]) from two institutions were subjected to targeted next-generation sequencing. Overall concordance (oncogenic driver mutations, copy number alterations, and fusion events) and mutational concordance (only oncogenic mutations) were compared across paired samples. A subgroup analysis was performed on the basis of exposure to systemic therapy. Patients with extrahepatic CCA (ECCA) were included as a comparison group. RESULTS: Sample pairs from 65 patients with ICCA (n = 54) and ECCA (n = 11) were analyzed. The median time between sample collection was 19.6 months (range, 2.7-122.9). For the entire cohort, the overall oncogenic concordance was 49% and the mutational concordance was 62% between primary and advanced disease samples. Subgroup analyses of ICCA and ECCA revealed overall/mutational concordance rates of 47%/58% and 60%/84%, respectively. Oncogenic concordance was similarly low for pairs exposed to systemic therapy between sample collections (n = 50, 53% overall, 68% mutational). In patients treated with targeted therapy for IDH1/2 alterations (n = 6) or FGFR2 fusions (n = 3), there was 100% concordance between the primary and advanced disease specimens. In two patients, FGFR2 (n = 1) and IDH1 (n = 1) alterations were detected de novo in the advanced disease specimens. CONCLUSION: The results reflect a high degree of heterogeneity in ICCA and argue for reassessment of the dominant driver mutations with change in disease status.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Mutação , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia
6.
Biol Direct ; 19(1): 16, 2024 02 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395908

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a biliary epithelial malignant tumor with an increasing incidence worldwide. Therefore, further understanding of the molecular mechanisms of CCA progression is required to identify new therapeutic targets. METHODS: The expression of RPL35A in CCA and para-carcinoma tissues was detected by immunohistochemical staining. IP-MS combined with Co-IP identified downstream proteins regulated by RPL35A. Western blot and Co-IP of CHX or MG-132 treated CCA cells were used to verify the regulation of HSPA8 protein by RPL35A. Cell experiments and subcutaneous tumorigenesis experiments in nude mice were performed to evaluate the effects of RPL35A and HSPA8 on the proliferation, apoptosis, cell cycle, migration of CCA cells and tumor growth in vivo. RESULTS: RPL35A was significantly upregulated in CCA tissues and cells. RPL35A knockdown inhibited the proliferation and migration of HCCC-9810 and HUCCT1 cells, induced apoptosis, and arrested the cell cycle in G1 phase. HSPA8 was a downstream protein of RPL35A and overexpressed in CCA. RPL35A knockdown impaired HSPA8 protein stability and increased HSPA8 protein ubiquitination levels. RPL35A overexpression promoted CCA cell proliferation and migration. HSPA8 knockdown inhibited CCA cell proliferation and migration, and reversed the promoting effect of RPL35A. Furthermore, RPL35A promoted tumor growth in vivo. In contrast, HSPA8 knockdown suppressed tumor growth, while was able to restore the effects of RPL35A overexpression. CONCLUSION: RPL35A was upregulated in CCA tissues and promoted the progression of CCA by mediating HSPA8 ubiquitination.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Animais , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica
8.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev ; 25(2): 537-546, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38415540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is experiencing a global increase, particularly in Northeast Thailand, which has the highest global incidence rates. However, there is a paucity of studies on CCA screening, especially in high-risk populations. This study aimed to investigate the distribution and spatial patterns of CCA in Northeast Thailand over a ten-year screening period. METHODS: The study included CCA patients from the Cholangiocarcinoma Screening and Care Program (CASCAP) between 2013 and 2022, which encompasses 20 provinces and 282 districts in Northeast of Thailand. CCA data were based on pathological diagnosis to determine the distribution and spatial patterns. RESULTS: Of the 2,515 CCA patients, approximately two-thirds were males (63.98%), and the majority were aged over 55 years (72.72%), with a mean age of 61.12 ± 9.13 years. The highest percentage of CCA cases occurred in 2014 at 19.01% of all patients, followed by 2018 at 15.23%. The overall CCA incidence rate in Northeast Thailand over ten years was 32 per 100,000 population. Hotspot statistical analysis identified high-scoring geographic clusters in the upper and middle regions, showing a tendency to expand from hotspot areas into nearby areas. CONCLUSION: The distribution of CCA in Northeast Thailand has continued to rise over the past decade, particularly in the upper and middle regions. Targeted screening in high-risk areas and increased awareness of CCA risks are crucial to mitigate its impact.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Tailândia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/etiologia , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/epidemiologia , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Análise Espaço-Temporal
9.
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) ; 56(2): 199-209, 2024 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38298057

RESUMO

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) accounts for approximately 15% of primary liver cancers, and the incidence rate has been increasing in recent years. Surgical resection is the best treatment for ICC, but the 5-year survival rate is less than 30%. ICC signature genes are crucial for the early diagnosis of ICC, so it is especially important to identify signature genes. The aim of this study is to screen the signature genes of ICC and find the potential target for the treatment of ICC. We find that UBA3 is highly expressed in ICC, and knockdown of UBA3 inhibits ICC proliferation, invasion and migration. Mechanistic experiments show that UBA3 promotes ICC proliferation, invasion and migration by affecting ANXA2 through the MAPK signaling pathway. UBA3 is a target of bufalin, and bufalin targeting UBA3 inhibits ICC development and progression through the MAPK signaling pathway. In conclusion, our study shows that bufalin inhibits ICC by targeting UBA3, which has emerged as a new biomarker and potential therapeutic target for ICC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral
10.
Ann Med ; 56(1): 2310196, 2024 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359439

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a malignant tumor originating in the bile duct and its branching epithelium. Due to its high heterogeneity, there are no specific clinical indications at the early stage, the diagnosis is often in advanced CCA. With surgical resection, the 5-year postoperative survival rate (long-term survival rate) is very poor. The regimen of gemcitabine combined with platinum has been used as the first-line chemotherapy for advanced patients. In recent years, targeted therapy for a variety of malignant tumors has made great progress, showing good efficacy and safety in advanced CCA. However, the current targeted therapy of CCA still has many challenges, such as adverse reactions, drug resistance, and individual differences. Therefore, the researches need to further explore the targeted therapy mechanism of CCA malignancies in depth, develop more effective and safe drugs, and accurately formulate plans based on patient characteristics to further improve patient prognosis in the future. This article reviews the recent progress of targeted therapy for CCA, aiming to provide a strategy for the research and clinical work of targeted therapy for CCA.


For these patients without surgical indications, chemotherapy and radiation therapy are the main treatment options, among which gemcitabine combined with cisplatin is the standard recognized chemotherapy regimen.With the gradual maturity of gene detection technology, the molecular pathology of CCA has gradually been revealed and precision oncology has become a promising method for the treatment of CCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Gencitabina , Prognóstico , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia
11.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 58, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38369496

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study compared the clinical efficacy and safety of laparoscopic versus open resection for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HCCA) and analyzed potential prognostic factors. METHODS: The study included patients who underwent HCCA resection at our center from March 2012 to February 2022. Perioperative complications and postoperative prognosis were compared between the laparoscopic surgery (LS) and open surgery (OS) groups. RESULTS: After screening 313 HCCA patients, 68 patients were eligible for the study in the LS group (n = 40) and OS group (n = 28). Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis revealed that overall survival > 2 years and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) were more common in the LS than OS group, but the rate of 2-year DFS was lower in the LS group than OS group. Cox multivariate regression analysis revealed age (< 65 years), radical resection, and postoperative adjuvant therapy were associated with reduced risk of death (hazard ratio [HR] = 0.380, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.150-0.940, P = 0.036; HR = 0.080, 95% CI = 0.010-0.710, P = 0.024 and HR = 0.380, 95% CI = 0.150-0.960, P = 0.040), whereas preoperative biliary drainage was an independent factor associated with increased risk of death (HR = 2.810, 95% CI = 1.130-6.950, P = 0.026). Perineuronal invasion was identified as an independent risk factor affecting DFS (HR = 5.180, 95% CI = 1.170-22.960, P = 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with OS, laparoscopic HCCA resection does not significantly differ in terms of clinical efficacy. Age (<65 years), radical resection, and postoperative adjuvant therapy reduce the risk of death, and preoperative biliary drainage increases the risk of death.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Idoso , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3136, 2024 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326380

RESUMO

FGFR inhibitors have been developed to inhibit FGFR activation and signal transduction; notwithstanding, currently the selection of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) patients for these drugs only relies on the detection of FGFR2 genetic alterations (GAs) in tumor tissues or circulating tumor DNAs, without concomitant assessment of FGFR2 signalling status. Accordingly, we performed multi-omic analyses of FGFR2 genes and FGFR2 signalling molecules in the tissue samples from 36 iCCA naïve patients. Gain-of-function FGFR2 GAs were detected in 7 patients, including missense mutations (n = 3; p.F276C, p.C382R and p.Y375C), translocations (n = 1) and copy number gain (n = 4; CNV ≥ 4). In contrast, among 29 patients with wild-type FGFR2, 4 cases showed activation of FGFR2 signalling, as they expressed the FGFR2 ligand FGF10 and phosphorylated FGFR2/FRS2α proteins; the remaining 25 cases resulted negative for activated FGFR2 signalling, as they lacked FGFR2 (n = 8) or phosphorylated FRS2α (n = 17) expression. Overall, we found that activation of FGFR2 signalling occurs not only in iCCA naïve patients with FGFR2 GAs, but also in a subgroup carrying wild-type FGFR2. This last finding entails that also this setting of patients could benefit from FGFR targeted therapies, widening indication of these drugs for iCCA patients beyond current approval. Future clinical studies are therefore encouraged to confirm this hypothesis.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Biomarcadores , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo
13.
World J Surg Oncol ; 22(1): 48, 2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326854

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Explorative laparotomy without subsequent curative-intent liver resection remains a major clinical problem in the treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma (pCCA). Thus, we aimed to identify preoperative risk factors for non-resectability of pCCA patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients undergoing surgical exploration between 2010 and 2022 were eligible for the analysis. Separate binary logistic regressions analyses were used to determine risk factors for non-resectability after explorative laparotomy due to technical (tumor extent, vessel infiltration) and oncological (peritoneal carcinomatosis, distant nodal or liver metastases)/liver function reasons. RESULTS: This monocentric cohort comprised 318 patients with 209 (65.7%) being surgically resected and 109 (34.3%) being surgically explored [explorative laparotomy: 87 (27.4%), laparoscopic exploration: 22 (6.9%)]. The median age in the cohort was 69 years (range 60-75) and a majority had significant comorbidities with ASA-Score ≥ 3 (202/318, 63.5%). Statistically significant (p < 0.05) risk factors for non-resectability were age above 70 years (HR = 3.76, p = 0.003), portal vein embolization (PVE, HR = 5.73, p = 0.007), and arterial infiltration > 180° (HR = 8.05 p < 0.001) for technical non-resectability and PVE (HR = 4.67, p = 0.018), arterial infiltration > 180° (HR = 3.24, p = 0.015), and elevated CA 19-9 (HR = 3.2, p = 0.009) for oncological/liver-functional non-resectability. CONCLUSION: Advanced age, PVE, arterial infiltration, and elevated CA19-9 are major risk factors for non-resectability in pCCA. Preoperative assessment of those factors is crucial for better therapeutical pathways. Diagnostic laparoscopy, especially in high-risk situations, should be used to reduce the amount of explorative laparotomies without subsequent liver resection.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Hepatectomia , Laparotomia , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia
14.
BMC Cancer ; 24(1): 227, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38365630

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Most patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) have developed distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis, while there is rear related nomogram to predict the prognosis. METHODS: Clinical data of patients pathologically diagnosed of ICC with distant metastasis were retrospectively collected from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database during 2005 to 2019. Finally, patients diagnosed as ICC in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University from 2014 to 2019 were collected for external verification. All data were divided into training cohort and validation cohort in a ratio of 7:3. The nomogram was established based on independent prognostic factors using Cox univariate and multivariate analyses. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUC), the calibration curve and the decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to determine the prediction accuracy of the nomogram. RESULTS: This study finally included 572 ICC with distant metastasis patients, another 32 patients collected by the author's hospital were used as external verification. Results showed that age, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy were independent prognostic factors, and nomogram was established. The AUC of predicting 3, 6, 9-month overall survival were 0.866, 0.841 and 0.786. The ROC curves and calibration curves showed that the nomogram had good predictive accuracy, and DCA showed that the nomogram had good clinical applicability. CONCLUSIONS: The nomogram has good accuracy in predicting prognosis of DM-ICC patients, which would be of good significance to improve the prognosis of these patients.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Nomogramas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Prognóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/terapia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos
16.
Oncol Rep ; 51(3)2024 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38334150

RESUMO

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a disease characterized by insidious clinical manifestations and challenging to diagnose. Patients are usually diagnosed at an advanced stage and miss the opportunity for radical surgery. Therefore, effective palliative therapy is the main treatment approach for unresectable CCA. Current common palliative treatments include biliary drainage, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. However, these treatments only offer limited improvement in quality of life and survival. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a novel local treatment method that is considered a safe tumor ablation method for numerous cancers. It has shown good efficacy in various studies of CCA and is expected to become an important treatment for CCA. In the present study, the mechanisms of PDT in the treatment of CCA were systematically explored and the progress in the research of photosensitizers was discussed. The current study focused on the various PDT protocols and their therapeutic effects in CCA, with the objective of providing a new horizon for future research and clinical applications of PDT in the treatment of CCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Fotoquimioterapia , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Fotoquimioterapia/métodos , Qualidade de Vida
17.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1287, 2024 Feb 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38346946

RESUMO

Fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-2 can be inhibited by FGFR-selective or non-selective tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). Selective TKIs are approved for cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) with FGFR2 fusions; however, their application is limited by a characteristic pattern of adverse events or evocation of kinase domain mutations. A comprehensive characterization of a patient cohort treated with the non-selective TKI lenvatinib reveals promising efficacy in FGFR2-driven CCA. In a bed-to-bench approach, we investigate FGFR2 fusion proteins bearing critical tumor-relevant point mutations. These mutations confer growth advantage of tumor cells and increased resistance to selective TKIs but remain intriguingly sensitive to lenvatinib. In line with clinical observations, in-silico analyses reveal a more favorable interaction pattern of lenvatinib with FGFR2, including an increased flexibility and ligand efficacy, compared to FGFR-selective TKIs. Finally, the treatment of a patient with progressive disease and a newly developed kinase mutation during therapy with a selective inhibitor results in a striking response to lenvatinib. Our in vitro, in silico, and clinical data suggest that lenvatinib is a promising treatment option for FGFR2-driven CCA, especially when insurmountable adverse reactions of selective TKIs or acquired kinase mutations occur.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Compostos de Fenilureia , Quinolinas , Humanos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia
18.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 38(2): e23656, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38348717

RESUMO

Exosomes are membrane-enclosed nanovesicles that shuttle active cargoes, such as circular RNAs (circRNAs) and microRNAs (miRNAs), between different cells. Human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (Hu-MSCs) can migrate to tumor sites and exert complex functions throughout tumor progression. In this study, we successfully isolated Hu-MSCs from human umbilical cords based on their surface marker expression. Hu-MSC-derived exosomes significantly reduced the invasion, migration, and proliferation of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) cells. Furthermore, circ_0037104 was downregulated in CCA and inhibited the proliferation and metastasis of CCA cells. Then, we investigated the effect of Hu-MSC-derived exosomal circ_0037104 on CCA. Circ_0037104 mainly regulates miR-620 and enhances APAF1 expression, inhibiting CCA cell proliferation and metastasis. Overall, Hu-MSC exosomal circ_0037104 contributes to the progression and stemness of CCA cells via miR-620/APAF1. In conclusion, Hu-MSC-derived exosomal circ_0037104 sponges miR-620 directly and negatively targets APAF1 to suppress CCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/genética , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Colangiocarcinoma/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Colangiocarcinoma/patologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38339060

RESUMO

In intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA), thrombospondin 1 (THBS1) and 2 (THBS2) are soluble mediators released in the tumor microenvironment (TME) that contribute to the metastatic spreading of iCCA cells via a lymphatic network by the trans-differentiation of vascular endothelial cells to a lymphatic-like phenotype. To study the direct role of THBS1 and THBS2 on the iCCA cells, well-established epithelial (HuCCT-1) and mesenchymal (CCLP1) iCCA cell lines were subjected to recombinant human THBS1 and THBS2 (rhTHBS1, rhTHBS2) for cellular function assays. Cell growth, cell adhesion, migration, and invasion were all enhanced in both CCLP1 and HuCCT-1 cells by the treatment with either rhTHBS1 or rhTHBS2, although they showed some variability in their intensity of speeding up cellular processes. rhTHBS2 was more intense in inducing invasiveness and in committing the HuCCT-1 cells to a mesenchymal-like phenotype and was therefore a stronger enhancer of the malignant behavior of iCCA cells compared to rhTHBS1. Our data extend the role of THBS1 and THBS2, which are not only able to hinder the vascular network and promote tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis but also exacerbate the malignant behavior of the iCCA cells.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/metabolismo , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Colangiocarcinoma/metabolismo , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Trombospondina 1/genética , Trombospondina 1/metabolismo , Microambiente Tumoral , Trombospondinas
20.
Curr Opin Gastroenterol ; 40(2): 92-98, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320197

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review discusses evidence regarding progenitor populations of the biliary tree in the tissue regeneration and homeostasis, and the pathobiology of cholangiopathies and malignancies. RECENT FINDINGS: In embryogenesis biliary multipotent progenitor subpopulation contributes cells not only to the pancreas and gall bladder but also to the liver. Cells equipped with a constellation of markers suggestive of the primitive endodermal phenotype exist in the peribiliary glands, the bile duct glands, of the intra- and extrahepatic bile ducts. These cells are able to be isolated and cultured easily, which demonstrates the persistence of a stable phenotype during in vitro expansion, the ability to self-renew in vitro, and the ability to differentiate between hepatocyte and biliary and pancreatic islet fates. SUMMARY: In normal human livers, stem/progenitors cells are mostly restricted in two distinct niches, which are the bile ductules/canals of Hering and the peribiliary glands (PBGs) present inside the wall of large intrahepatic bile ducts. The existence of a network of stem/progenitor cell niches within the liver and along the entire biliary tree inform a patho-biological-based translational approach to biliary diseases and cholangiocarcinoma since it poses the basis to understand biliary regeneration after extensive or chronic injuries and progression to fibrosis and cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Sistema Biliar , Colangiocarcinoma , Humanos , Células-Tronco , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos
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