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1.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(3): 140, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363397

RESUMO

A sandwich-structured composite nanoenzyme (NH2-MIL-101(Fe)@Au@MIP) was prepared using molecularly imprinted polymers, metal-organic frameworks, and gold nanoparticles and a highly selective glutathione (GSH) colorimetric sensor was constructed. The inner part of the composite nanoenzymes is a metal-organic framework loaded with gold nanoparticles (AuNPs), NH2-MIL-101(Fe)@Au, which has superior peroxidase-like activity compared with  NH2-MIL-101(Fe). This is due to the surface plasmon resonance effect of AuNPs. GSH can form strong Au-S bonds with AuNPs, which can significantly reduce the enzymatic activity of NH2-MIL-101(Fe)@Au, thereby changing the absorbance at 450 nm of the sensing system. The degree of change in absorbance is correlated with the concentration of GSH. In the outer part, the molecularly imprinted polymer with oxidized glutathione (GSSG) as a dummy template provided specific pores, which significantly improved the selectivity of the sensing system. The sensor showed good GSH sensing performance in the range 1 ~ 50 µM with a lower limit of detection (LOD) of 0.231 µM and good sensing performance in fetal bovine serum, indicating its high potential for clinical diagnostic applications.


Assuntos
Nanopartículas Metálicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Ouro/química , Colorimetria , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Glutationa
2.
Mikrochim Acta ; 191(3): 133, 2024 02 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38353782

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an indispensable element in many physiological processes, while alterations in its level in the circulating system are signs of pathology-associated diseases. Therefore, its precise and selective detection is critical for clinical applications to monitor the progression of the pathology. In this study, an optical immunoassay biosensor was developed as a model study for detecting recombinant VEGF165. The VEGF165 sample was purified from recombinant Kluyveromyces lactis GG799 yeast cells. Indirect ELISA was used during the detection, wherein iron oxide nanoparticles (FeNPs) were utilized to obtain optical signals. The FeNPs were synthesized in the presence of lactose p-amino benzoic acid (LpAB). VEGF165 antibody was conjugated to the LpAB-FeNPs through EDC/NHS chemistry to convert the iron oxide nanoparticles into VEGF165 specific probes. The specificity of the prepared system was tested in the presence of potential serum-based interferents (i.e., glucose, urea, insulin, C-reactive protein, and serum amyloid A), and validation studies were performed in a simulated serum sample. The proposed immunoassay showed a wide detection range (0.5 to 100 ng/mL) with a detection limit of 0.29 ng/mL. These results show that the developed assay could offer a sensitive, simple, specific, reliable, and high-throughput detection platform that can be used in the clinical diagnostics of VEGF.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Humanos , Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Imunoensaio , Ácido Benzoico , Nanopartículas Magnéticas de Óxido de Ferro
3.
Water Sci Technol ; 89(3): 513-528, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38358486

RESUMO

In the current study, a novel methylene blue (MB)-based colorimetric method for a quick, inexpensive, and facile approach for the determination of fouling intensity of reverse osmosis (RO) membrane has been reported. This technique is based on the interaction of MB with the organic foulants and shows the corresponding change in the colour intensity depending on the severity of fouling. The organic foulants, such as albumin, sodium alginate, and carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), were chosen as model foulants, and the membranes were subjected to foul under extreme fouling conditions. The fouled membranes underwent an MB treatment followed by image-processing analyses. The severity of surface fouling of membranes was evaluated in terms of fouling intensity and correlated with the corresponding decline of permeate flux. The maximum fouling intensity of the albumin, sodium alginate, and CMC sodium were found to be 8.83, 23.38, and 9.19%, respectively, for the definite concentration of foulants. The physico-chemical interactions of the given foulants and MB were confirmed by changes in zeta potentials and increased sizes of the foulant by the dynamic light scattering technique. The surface fouling over the membrane surface was confirmed by the characterization of membranes.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Azul de Metileno , Albuminas , Alginatos , Carboximetilcelulose Sódica , Osmose
4.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1295: 342320, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38355221

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: G-quadruplex (G4)/hemin DNAzymes with conversion of substrates into colorimetric readouts are well recognized as convenient biocatalysis tools in sensor development. However, the previously developed colorimetric G4/hemin DNAzymes are diffusive substrate-based DNAzymes (DSBDs). The current colorimetric DSBDs have several drawbacks including high dosage (∼mM) of diffusive substrates (DSs), colorimetric product toxicity, and single colorimetric readout without tolerance to fluctuation of experimental factors and background. In addition, the usage of high-dosage DSs can smear the G4 foldings and their discard is more harmful to environment. Therefore, exploring alternative DNAzymes with potential to overcome these drawbacks of DSBDs is urgently needed. RESULTS: We herein developed associative substrate-based DNAzymes (ASBDs). Cyanine dyes were selected as associative substrates (ASs) due to their binding competency with G4/hemin DNAzymes. With respect to DSBDs, ASBDs needed only low dosage (∼10 µM) of ASs to be able to cause a rapid and visible substrate conversion. In addition, since cyanine dyes are NIR dyes with high extinction coefficients and their conversion products have absorption bands at shorter wavelength. Therefore, a colorimetric ratio response can be developed to follow activities of G4/hemin DNAzymes with competency to tolerate fluctuation of experimental factors and background. In particular, herein developed ASBDs can endure somewhat concentration fluctuation of H2O2. ASBDs are able to cowork with other enzymes (for example, glucose oxidase) to realize cascade sensing. SIGNIFICANCE: The developed ASBDs can operate at low dosage of substrates with a colorimetric ratio response and can overcome the drawbacks met in DSBDs. We expect that, by designing ASs with fruitful color panel in the future, our work will inspire more interesting in developing environment-benign and low-carbon G4/hemin DNAzymes and desired colorful high-performance sensors.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , DNA Catalítico , Quadruplex G , DNA Catalítico/metabolismo , Hemina/metabolismo , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Colorimetria/métodos , Corantes , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos
5.
Methods Cell Biol ; 181: 59-72, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302244

RESUMO

Cellular senescence, whereby cells cease to proliferate, is known to contribute to the aging process and age-related pathologies. It is elicited either by cell-intrinsic mechanisms such as progressive telomere shortening or due to the extrinsic stress-related factors, which via p53-p21 and p16-pRB tumor suppressor pathways signal cells to cease proliferation. A proper identification and characterization of senescent cells is necessary to understand the process of aging, age-related pathologies, and the development of therapeutics to treat age-related dysfunctions. The landmark discovery of Senescence-Associated-Beta-Galactosidase (SA-ß-Gal) marker, and a simple colorimetric method to detect SA-ß-Gal greatly facilitated identification of the senescent cells in human and rodent cells pertaining to age-related diseases (Dimri et al., 1995). Despite the availability of additional senescence biomarkers, the SA-ß-Gal marker and histochemical detection method remain the most widely used tool to identify senescent cells in vitro and in vivo. Here, we revisit the original colorimetric method to detect senescent cells that was first published in 1995 (Dimri et al., 1995).


Assuntos
Senescência Celular , Colorimetria , Humanos , Senescência Celular/genética , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
6.
AAPS J ; 26(1): 23, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38302833

RESUMO

Special populations, like geriatric patients, experience altered paracetamol pharmacokinetics (PK), complicating pain management. More PK research is essential to optimize paracetamol (acetaminophen) dosing. Yet, the reference method ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) is not readily available. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the agreement between UPLC-MS/MS and the more accessible colorimetric Roche acetaminophen (ACETA) assay in quantifying paracetamol plasma concentrations, to facilitate PK studies and therapeutic drug monitoring for pain management. Patient data and plasma samples were obtained from a prospective study including geriatric patients admitted to the geriatric wards. ACETA and UPLC-MS/MS assays were performed in two separate laboratories. Bland-Altman plot and Passing-Bablok regression were used to assess agreement. Accuracy was evaluated using the McNemar test for a threshold value of 10 mg/L. Population PK modeling was employed to bridge PK data obtained from both methods (NONMEM 7.5). A total of 242 plasma sample pairs were available from 40 geriatric patients (age range, 80-95 years). Paracetamol plasma concentrations from ACETA (median 9.8 [interquartile range 6.1-14.4] mg/L) and UPLC-MS/MS (9.5 [6.2-14.8] mg/L) did not differ significantly (P > 0.05). No significant proportional nor additive bias was observed between both assay methods. The classification accuracy (at threshold 10 mg/L) was 85% (P = 0.414). The conversion factor between ACETA and UPLC-MS/MS was estimated at 1.06 (relative standard error 5%), yet with a 13.4% (relative standard error 23%) interindividual variability. ACETA assay showed no systematic bias in comparison with the UPLC-MS/MS assay in determining paracetamol exposure in geriatric blood samples despite the imprecision.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen , Colorimetria , Humanos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromatografia Líquida/métodos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1293: 342271, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, the enzymatic cascade reactions during the cellular process are widely used for fabricating robust biosensors and they have attracted extensive attention in analyzing various clinical biomarkers. The enzymatic cascades analysis is commonly based on the peroxidase (POD)/oxidase coupled system. However, the requirement of harsh acidic environment, poor stability and interference from the oxidase further limit their analytical practicability. Herein, novel chromogenic nanomaterials with H2O2 sensitive features are urgently required to replace the POD nanozyme in enzymatic cascades based bioanalysis. RESULTS: Herein, oxygen deficient MoO3-x with H2O2 sensitive features and near-infrared (NIR) absorption band have been ultra-fast synthesized and utilized for the enzymatic cascades analysis of α-Glucosidase's activity, and inhibitors screening. With the addition of 4-nitrophenyl-α-d-glucopyranoside, the simultaneous presence of α-Glucosidase and glucose oxidase (GOx) would fade their dark blue color and decrease the NIR absorption. The α-Glucosidase's activity can be analyzed by the absorption at 770 nm, and their limit of detection is 8 × 10-5 U/mL, indicating the superior performance of the proposed colorimetric assay. Moreover, this proposed α-Glucosidase assay is further utilized for inhibitors screening. Moreover, the activity of α-Glucosidase can also be analyzed by the smartphone and microplate reader through the agarose-based colorimetric portable kit. SIGNIFICANCE: This MoO3-x involved enzymatic cascades assay would facilitate for the development of bio-analysis related to H2O2 generation or consumption. Moreover, this bio-analysis strategy will contribute to the development of other H2O2 sensitive chromogenic nanomaterials for the analysis of certain biomolecules and biological enzymes.


Assuntos
Nanoestruturas , alfa-Glucosidases , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/análise , Peroxidases , Peroxidase , Corantes , Oxigênio , Colorimetria
8.
Luminescence ; 39(2): e4684, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332470

RESUMO

This study reports a sensitive and selective colorimetric approach for the analysis of dopamine (DA) based on CeO2 @ZIF-8/Cu-CDs laccase-like nanozymes activity. The CeO2 @ZIF-8/Cu-CDs was synthesized using cerium oxide (CeO2 ) and copper-doped carbon dots (Cu-CDs) with 2-methylimidazole by a facilely hydrothermal approach. The CeO2 @ZIF-8/Cu-CDs exhibited excellent laccase-like nanozymes activity and can oxidize the colorless substrate (DA) to red product with 4-aminoantipyrine as the chromogenic agent. The Michaelis-Menten constant (Km ) and the maximal velocity (Vmax ) of CeO2 @ZIF-8/Cu-CDs are 0.20 mM and 1.48 µM/min, respectively. The detection method has a linear range of 0.05-7.5 µg/mL and a detection limit as low as 8.5 ng/mL with good reproducibility. The developed colorimetric sensor was applied to rapid and precise quantitative evaluation of DA levels in serum and urine samples. This study presents a new approach for detecting biological molecules by utilizing the controlled regulation of nanozymes' laccase-like activity.


Assuntos
Cobre , Dopamina , Lacase , Colorimetria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Carbono
9.
PLoS One ; 19(2): e0298087, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38335219

RESUMO

Malaria eradication efforts in resource-limited areas require a rapid, economical, and accurate tool for detecting of the low parasitemia. The malaria rapid diagnostic test (mRDT) is the most suitable for on-site detection of the deadliest form of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum. However, the deletions of histidine rich protein 2 and 3 genes are known to compromise the effectiveness of mRDT. One of the approaches that have been explored intensively for on-site diagnostics is the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). LAMP is a one-step amplification that allows the detection of Plasmodium species in less than an hour. Thus, this study aims to present a new primer set to enhance the performance of a colorimetric LAMP (cLAMP) for field application. The primer binding regions were selected within the A-type of P. falciparum 18S rRNA genes, which presents a dual gene locus in the genome. The test result of the newly designed primer indicates that the optimal reaction condition for cLAMP was 30 minutes incubation at 65°C, a shorter incubation time compared to previous LAMP detection methods that typically takes 45 to 60 minutes. The limit of detection (LoD) for the cLAMP using our designed primers and laboratory-grown P. falciparum (3D7) was estimated to be 0.21 parasites/µL which was 1,000-fold higher than referencing primers. Under optimal reaction condition, the new primer sets showed the sensitivity (100%, 95% CI: 80.49-100%) and specificity (100%, 95% CI: 94.64-100%) with 100% (95% CI: 95.70-100%) accuracy on the detection of dried blood spots from Malawi (n = 84). Briefly, the newly designed primer set for P. falciparum detection exhibited high sensitivity and specificity compared to referenced primers. One great advantage of this tool is its ability to be detected by the naked eye, enhancing field approaches. Thus, this tool has the potential to be effective for accurate early parasite detection in resource-limited endemic areas.


Assuntos
Malária Falciparum , Malária , Humanos , Plasmodium falciparum/genética , Colorimetria , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Malária/parasitologia , Malária Falciparum/diagnóstico , Malária Falciparum/parasitologia , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular/métodos
10.
J Vis Exp ; (203)2024 Jan 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38345251

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) infection, which is transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, is a major public health concern in tropical and subtropical countries. With an annual incidence of approximately 10 million cases and 20,000-25,000 deaths, particularly among children, there is an urgent need for practical diagnostic tools. The presence of dengue non-structural protein 1 (NS1) during early infection has been linked to cytokine release, vascular leakage, and endothelial dysfunction, making it a potential marker for severe dengue. Paper-based immunoassays such as lateral flow assays (LFAs) and microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (PADs) have gained popularity as diagnostic tests due to their simplicity, rapidity, inexpensiveness, specificity, and ease of interpretation. However, conventional paper-based immunoassays for dengue NS1 detection typically rely on visual inspection, yielding only qualitative results. To address this limitation and enhance sensitivity, we proposed a highly portable NS1 dengue detection assay on a Paper-based Analytical Device (PAD), namely, DEN-NS1-PAD, that integrates a smartphone application as a colorimetric and quantitative reader. The development system enables direct quantification of NS1 concentrations in clinical samples. Serum and blood samples obtained from patients were utilized to demonstrate the system prototype performance. The results were obtained immediately and can be employed for clinical assessment, both in well-equipped healthcare facilities and resource-limited settings. This innovative combination of a paper-based immunoassay with a smartphone application offers a promising approach for enhanced detection and quantification of dengue NS1 antigen. By augmenting sensitivity beyond the capabilities of the naked eye, this system holds great potential for improving clinical decision-making in dengue management, particularly in remote or underserved areas.


Assuntos
Dengue , Smartphone , Criança , Humanos , Colorimetria , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais , Imunoensaio , Antígenos Virais , Dengue/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Anticorpos Antivirais
11.
Parasitol Res ; 123(2): 126, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38326433

RESUMO

Colorimetric detection can be applied to differentiate between positive and negative conditions. It can be coupled with loop-mediated isothermal amplification to diagnose rumen fluke or paramphistome infection, also called colorimetric PAR-LAMP. This study conducted LAMP using three candidate indicator dyes, namely malachite green (MLG), methyl green (MTG), and neutral red (NTR), and the results were observed by the naked eye. The dye concentration was optimized to obtain the most pronounced positive-negative result discrimination. Subsequently, we conducted target sensitivity tests using the DNA of Fischoederius elongatus at different concentrations. To validate the detection accuracy, the result was confirmed by gel electrophoresis. The sensitivity test presented the lowest detectable DNA concentration or limit of detection (LOD), with 1 pg for MLG, 0.5 ng for MTG, and 50 pg for NTR. Different LODs revealed inhibition of LAMP reaction and reduced efficiency of result presentation for colorimetric-based detection, particularly NTR and MTG. For MLG-LAMP, we observed no cross-reaction of non-target DNA and improved reaction with the DNA of Fischoederius cobboldi and Calicophoron sp., with multi-detection. In addition, naked eye observation and agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) evaluation of the MLG-LAMP results showed a moderate and strong agreement with LAMP-AGE and microscopic examinations. Based on our results, colorimetric PAR-LAMP is a rapid, comfortable, and point-of-care procedure for the diagnosis of paramphistome infection.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Técnicas de Diagnóstico Molecular , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico , Corantes de Rosanilina , Animais , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Colorimetria/métodos , Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos , DNA
12.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1292: 342243, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dichlorvos (DDVP), as a highly effective insecticide, is widely used in agricultural production. However, DDVP residue in foodstuffs adversely affects human health. Conventional instrumental analysis can provide highly sensitive and accurate detection of DDVP, while the need of bulky and expensive equipment limits their application in resource-poor areas and on-site detection. Therefore, the development of easily portable sensing platforms for convenient, rapid and sensitive quantification of DDVP is very essential for ensuring food safety. RESULT: A portable colorimetric sensing platform for rapid and sensitive quantification of DDVP is developed based on nanozyme-participated highly efficient chromogenic catalysis. The Fe-Mn bimetallic oxide (FeMnOx) nanozyme possesses excellently oxidase-like activity and can efficiently catalyze oxidation of 3, 3', 5, 5'-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) into a blue oxide with a very low Michaelis constant (Km) of 0.0522 mM. The nanozyme-catalyzed chromogenic reaction can be mediated by DDVP via inhibiting the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. Thus, trace DDVP concentration-dependent color evolution is achieved and DDVP can be sensitively detected by spectrophotometry. Furthermore, a smartphone-integrated 3D-printed miniature lightbox is fabricated as the colorimetric signal acquisition and processing device. Based on the FeMnOx nanozyme and smartphone-integrated lightbox system, the portable colorimetric sensing platform of DDVP is obtained and it has a wide linear range from 1 to 3000 ng mL-1 with a low limit of detection (LOD) of 0.267 ng mL-1 for DDVP quantification. SIGNIFICANCE: This represents a new portable colorimetric sensing platform that can perform detection of DDVP in foodstuffs with simplicity, sensitivity, and low cost. The work not only offers an alternative to rapid and sensitive detection of DDVP, but also provides a new insight for the development of advanced sensors by the combination of nanozyme, 3D-printing and information technologies.


Assuntos
Diclorvós , Praguicidas , Humanos , Colorimetria , Óxidos , Acetilcolinesterase , Catálise , Peróxido de Hidrogênio
13.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1292: 342241, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38309851

RESUMO

In addition to confirming virus infection, quantitative identification of the antibodies to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2(SARS-CoV-2) also evaluates persons immunity to guide personal protection. However, portable assays for fast and accurate quantification of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies remain challenging. In this work, we synthesized Au@Pt star-like nanoparticles (NPs) quickly and easily by a one-pot wet-chemical approach, allowing the stellate Au core to be partially decorated by Pt nanoshells. The nanoparticles were used as probe in a lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) that operated in both colorimetric and photothermal dual modes, which could detect the antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 nucleocapsid (N) protein with high sensitivity. Due to the sharp tips on the external region of nanostars and surface plasmon coupling effect between the Au core and Pt shell, the NIR absorption capacity and photothermal performance of these NPs were exceptional. Under optimal conditions, the colorimetric mode's detection limit for SARS-CoV-2 N protein antibody was 1 ng mL-1, which is significantly lower by 2-order of magnitude compared to commercially available colloidal gold strips. And the detection limit for the photothermal mode was as low as 24.91 pg mL-1, which was approximately 40-fold more sensitive than colorimetric detection. Moreover, the method demonstrated favorable specificity, reproducibility and stability. Finally, the approach was employed for the successful identification of actual serum samples. Therefore, the dual-mode LFIA can be applied for screening and tracking the early immunological reaction to SARS-CoV-2, and it has great promise for clinical application.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Nanoconchas , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2 , Colorimetria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Anticorpos Antivirais , Imunoensaio , Nucleocapsídeo
14.
PeerJ ; 12: e16422, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38188160

RESUMO

Background: Vibrio parahaemolyticus is the leading cause of bacterial seafood-borne gastroenteritis in humans worldwide. To ensure seafood safety and to minimize the occurrence of seafood-borne diseases, early detection of total V. parahaemolyticus (pathogenic and non-pathogenic strains) and pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus (tdh+ and/or trh1+ and/or trh2+) is required. This study further improved a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay using xylenol orange (XO), a pH sensitive dye, to transform conventional LAMP into a one-step colorimetric assay giving visible results to the naked eye. LAMP-XO targeted rpoD for species specificity and tdh, trh1, and trh2 for pathogenic strains. Multiple hybrid inner primers (MHP) of LAMP primers for rpoD detection to complement the main primer set previously reported were designed by our group to maximize sensitivity and speed. Methods: Following the standard LAMP protocol, LAMP reaction temperature for rpoD, tdh, trh1, and trh2 detection was first determined using a turbidimeter. The acquired optimal temperature was subjected to optimize six parameters including dNTP mix, betaine, MgSO4, Bst 2.0 WarmStart DNA polymerase, reaction time and XO dye. The last parameter was done using a heat block. The color change of the LAMP-XO result from purple (negative) to yellow (positive) was monitored visually. The detection limits (DLs) of LAMP-XO using a 10-fold serial dilution of gDNA and spiked seafood samples were determined and compared with standard LAMP, PCR, and quantitative PCR (qPCR) assays. Subsequently, the LAMP-XO assay was validated with 102 raw seafood samples and the results were compared with PCR and qPCR assays. Results: Under optimal conditions (65 °C for 75 min), rpoD-LAMP-XO and tdh-LAMP-XO showed detection sensitivity at 102 copies of gDNA/reaction, or 10 folds greater than trh1-LAMP-XO and trh2-LAMP-XO. This level of sensitivity was similar to that of standard LAMP, comparable to that of the gold standard qPCR, and 10-100 times higher than that of PCR. In spiked samples, rpoD-LAMP-XO, tdh-LAMP-XO, and trh2-LAMP-XO could detect V. parahaemolyticus at 1 CFU/2.5 g spiked shrimp. Of 102 seafood samples, LAMP-XO was significantly more sensitive than PCR (P < 0.05) for tdh and trh2 detection and not significantly different from qPCR for all genes determined. The reliability of tdh-LAMP-XO and trh2-LAMP-XO to detect pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus was at 94.4% and 100%, respectively. Conclusions: To detect total and pathogenic V. parahaemolyticus, at least rpoD-LAMP-XO and trh2-LAMP-XO should be used, as both showed 100% sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. With short turnaround time, ease, and reliability, LAMP-XO serves as a better alternative to PCR and qPCR for routine detection of V. parahaemolyticus in seafood. The concept of using a one-step LAMP-XO and MHP-LAMP to enhance efficiency of diagnostic performance of LAMP-based assays can be generally applied for detecting any gene of interest.


Assuntos
Gastroenterite , Vibrio parahaemolyticus , Humanos , Colorimetria , Vibrio parahaemolyticus/genética , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
15.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342132, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182354

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recently, headspace single-drop microextraction (HS-SDME) has attracted some attention for developing sensitive and selective colorimetric assays due to its excellent capability to reduce matrix interference and enrich analytes. However, the single droplet limits direct visual observation of color change and its quantitative measurement suffers from reduced optical path length. Therefore, amplifying the detection signals in both volume and intensity is an important and challenging task for improving the sensitivity, stability, and accuracy of such colorimetric analysis. RESULTS: In this study, a "headspace-nanoenzyme" (HS-NE) strategy was proposed that successfully addressed these challenges and enabled the colorimetric and fluorescent dual-mode detection of trace Hg2+. Atomic Hg0, generated via chemical vapor generation (CVG), underwent headspace reaction with AuNPs droplet to form Au@HgNPs, thus catalyzing the oxidation of o-phenylenediamine (OPD) in the presence of H2O2. The absorbance and fluorescence intensity of oxidized OPD were proportion to the concentration of Hg2+ in the sample solution. Due to the greatly enhanced peroxidase-like activity by Au@HgNPs, the limit of detection was as low as 0.98 nM and 0.21 nM for the colorimetric and fluorescent modes, respectively. The applicability of this assay was further demonstrated with determination of Hg2+ in real environmental and biological samples. Moreover, a convenient and cost-effective paper-based sensing platform was fabricated for rapid on-site detection of Hg2+. SIGNIFICANCE AND NOVELTY: This novel HS-NE strategy combines HS-SDME and nanoenzyme-based sensing to achieve dual effects of eliminating matrix interference and amplifying the measurement signal, resulting in improved accuracy, enhanced stability, high sensitivity, and exceptional selectivity, with great potential for on-site determination of trace Hg2+.


Assuntos
Mercúrio , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Colorimetria , Ouro , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Corantes , Peroxidases
16.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342133, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182397

RESUMO

Although the research on nanozymes has attracted widespread attention in recent years, the development of highly active and multifunctional nanozymes remains a challenge. Here, a bifunctional AMP-Cu nanozyme with laccase- and catecholase-like activities was successfully prepared at room temperature with Cu2+ as the metal ion and adenosine-5'-monophosphate (AMP) as the ligand molecule. Based on the excellent catalytic performance of AMP-Cu, a three-channel colorimetric sensor array was constructed using reaction kinetics as the sensing unit to achieve high-throughput detection and identification of six common phenolic compounds at low concentrations. This strategy simplifies the construction of sensor array and demonstrates the capacity to obtain multidimensional data from a single material. Finally, with the assistance of smartphones and homemade dark boxes, a portable on-site detection method for phenolic compounds was developed. This work would contribute to the development of portable sensors and the highly efficient identification of phenolic compounds in complex samples.


Assuntos
Colorimetria , Smartphone , Catálise , Cinética , Lacase , Fenóis
17.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342121, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The spectral dual-mode response towards analyte has been attracted much attention, benefiting from the higher detection accuracy of such strategy in comparison to single signal readout. However, the currently reported dual-mode sensors for acid phosphatase (ACP) activity are still limited, and most of them more or less exist some deficiencies, such as complicated construction procedure, high-cost, poor biocompatibility, aggregation-caused quenching and limited emission capacity. RESULTS: Herein, we employed Fe3+ functionalized CuInS2/ZnS quantum dots (CIS/ZnS QDs) as nanosensor to develop a novel fluorometric and colorimetric dual-mode assay for ACP activity, combing with ACP-triggered hydrolysis of ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AAP) into ascorbic acid (AA). The Fe3+ binding to CIS/ZnS QDs can be reduced into Fe2+ during the determination, resulting in the dramatically weakened photoinduced electron transfer (PET) effect and the disappearance of competition absorption. Thus, a highly sensitive ACP assay in the range of 0.22-12.5 U L-1 through fluorescence "turn-on" mode has been achieved with a detection of limit (LOD) of 0.064 U L-1. Meanwhile, the ACP activity can also be quantified by spectrophotometry based on the chromogenic reaction of the formed Fe2+ with 1,10-phenanthroline (Phen). Moreover, the designed nanosensor with good biocompatibility was successfully applied to image and monitor the ACP levels in living cells. SIGNIFICANCE: We believe that the proposed method has remarkable advantages and potential application for ACP assay in terms of the high accuracy, simplicity, low cost, as well as its adequate sensitivity.


Assuntos
Pontos Quânticos , Colorimetria , Fluorometria , Espectrofotometria , Bioensaio
18.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1287: 342139, 2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38182400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorimetric biosensors have important value for antibiotic residue testing. However, many previous methods were constructed based on the optical density change of certain unstable single-colored products with poor discrimination for visual measurements. Moreover, their low extinction coefficients usually result in low sensitivity of biosensors. In addition, many conventional signal amplification strategies often involve sophisticated nanomaterial preparation, inconvenient multi-step assay manipulation and limited signal amplification ability. Therefore, the development of new colorimetric biosensing strategies with excellent visual discrimination, high sensitivity and convenient manipulation is highly desirable. RESULTS: We designed a target recycling accelerated cascade DNA walking amplification mechanism to trigger a telomerase extension-related enzymatic reaction, and developed a novel colorimetric biosensing strategy for kanamycin (Kana) assay. The target recycling was induced by an exonuclease III-assisted aptamer recognition reaction, which could also trigger the successive DNA walking at the streptavidin (SA)- and magnetic bead (MB)-based tracks. This not only caused the quantitative exposure of the telomeric substrate primers on MB surfaces but also released another strand to accelerate the SA-based DNA walking. By using the telomerase extension product to link numerous alkaline phosphatases and induce the plasmonic property change of gold nanobipyramids (Au NBPs), a colorimetric signal output strategy was constructed. This method could be applied for the high-resolution visual screening of Kana, and it also showed a very low detection limit of 17.6 fg mL-1 for assaying Kana over a wide, five-order-magnitude linear range. SIGNIFICANCE: The quadruple nucleic acid recycling-enhanced telomerase extension resulted in the ultrahigh sensitivity of the method and also excluded the sophisticated manipulations involved in conventional biosensing strategies. The multiple enzyme catalysis-induced plasmonic property change of Au NBPs realized the stable and multicolor visual signal transduction. Together with its low cost, simple operation, high selectivity, excellent repeatability, and reliable performances, this method exhibits great potential for use in practical applications.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Ácidos Nucleicos , Telomerase , Colorimetria , Canamicina , DNA
19.
Molecules ; 29(1)2024 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38202852

RESUMO

Lemon peel represents an interesting by-product owing to its content of dietary fibre (DF) and (poly)phenols, which is of great importance for its valorisation. Hence, the objective of this study was to characterise the DF, total phenolic content (TPC), and antioxidant capacity of two lemon-peel-derived ingredients using two different methods (drying with warm air and enzymatic hydrolysis with pectinesterase). The analysis included a DF assessment, followed by neutral sugars characterisation through GC-FID and uronic acids determination via colorimetry. Subsequently, TPC and antioxidant capacity using the FRAP method were quantified through spectrophotometry. The swelling capacity (SWC), water retention capacity (WRC), and fat absorption capacity (FAC) were also determined as functional properties. It was observed that pectinesterase treatment led to a reduction in soluble DF and an increase in insoluble DF. This treatment also affected the pectin structure, thereby diminishing its ability to absorb water and fat within its matrix. The TPC was also reduced, resulting in a decrease in antioxidant capacity. Conversely, employing warm air exhibited a noteworthy increase in antioxidant capacity. This underscores its crucial contribution to the valorisation of lemon peel, not only by diminishing the environmental impact but also by enabling the acquisition of fibre ingredients with a noteworthy antioxidant capacity.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes , Fibras na Dieta , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Cromatografia Gasosa , Colorimetria , Fenóis , Água
20.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1288: 342056, 2024 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38220266

RESUMO

Bacterial infections, viral infections and autoimmune diseases pose a considerable threat to human health. Procalcitonin (PCT) has emerged as a biomarker for the detection of these diseases. To ensure accurate and reliable results, we propose a dual-mode approach that incorporates self-validation and self-correction mechanisms. Herein, we develop a dual-mode self-powered photoelectrochemical (PEC) and colorimetric sensor to determine PCT. The self-powered PEC sensor was constructed with a photoanode of spherical nanoflower-MoS2/Cu2ZnSnS4/Bi2S3 material and a photocathode of CuInS2 material. Ni4Cu2 bimetallic hollow nanospheres (BHNs) possess superoxide dismutase and catalase performance, which facilitate superoxide anion radical (·O2-) and H2O2 circulating generation, promoting the separation of photogenerated electrons and holes to amplify photocurrent signal. Thus Ni4Cu2 BHNs is used as a marker material for PEC sensor. Meanwhile, in colorimetric mode, Ni4Cu2 BHNs converts blue oxTMB to a colourless TMB for colorimetric detection of PCT. Based on this principle, dual-mode determination of PCT with high sensitivity is achieved. The dual-mode method not only demonstrates outstanding properties and practicability, but also presents an effective, highly efficient and reliable method for detecting PCT.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Nanosferas , Humanos , Nanosferas/química , Pró-Calcitonina , Molibdênio/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Colorimetria , Técnicas Eletroquímicas/métodos , Técnicas Biossensoriais/métodos , Limite de Detecção
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