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2.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3839-3851, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468677

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to identify dietary patterns and associations with socioeconomic characteristics, lifestyle, nutritional status, lipid profile and inflammatory profile in adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a probabilistic sample using baseline data (2014) from the Longitudinal Study on Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, Eating Habits and Adolescent Health. A total of 1,438 adolescents (10 to 14 years old) from public schools in the city of João Pessoa, Brazil, participated in the study. Data were collected on socioeconomic characteristics, nutritional status, lifestyle and the results of biochemical tests. Dietary data were obtained using the 24-hour recall method and dietary patterns were identified by exploratory factor analysis. Associations of interest were estimated using multiple logistic regression. Three dietary patterns were found: "Traditional", "Snacks" and "Western". These patterns were associated with age, socioeconomic status, parental education and lifestyle. The "Traditional" pattern was associated lower adiposity and a better lipid profile. However, with the increase in age, greater frequencies of the "Snacks" and "Western" patterns were found. The present findings underscore the need for strategies that encourage healthy behaviors.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Sedentário , Adolescente , Saúde do Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Exercício Físico , Comportamento Alimentar , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
3.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371989

RESUMO

Currently, one of the main public health problems among children and adolescents is poor adherence to healthy habits, leading to increasingly high rates of obesity and the comorbidities that accompany obesity. Early interventions are necessary, and among them, the use of gamification can be an effective method. The objective was to analyse the effect of game-based interventions (gamification) for improving nutritional habits, knowledge, and changes in body composition. A systematic review and meta-analysis were performed in CINAHL, EMBASE, LILACS, MEDLINE, SciELO, and Scopus databases, following the PRISMA recommendations. There was no restriction by year of publication or language. Only randomized controlled trials were included. Twenty-three articles were found. After the intervention, the consumption of fruit and vegetables increased, as well as the knowledge on healthy food groups. The means difference showed a higher nutritional knowledge score in the intervention group 95% CI 0.88 (0.05-1.75). No significant effect of gamification was found for body mass index z-score. Gamification could be an effective method to improve nutritional knowledge about healthier nutritional habits. Promoting the development of effective educational tools to support learning related to nutrition is necessary in order to avoid and prevent chronic diseases.


Assuntos
Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Dieta Saudável/psicologia , Comportamento Alimentar/psicologia , Jogos de Vídeo/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Composição Corporal , Criança , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade Pediátrica/prevenção & controle
4.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e047727, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adolescents' sexual behaviours are associated with sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancies. This study aimed to estimate the sexual intercourse and condom use rates at first and last sex among Taiwanese adolescents in grades 7-12. DESIGN: A secondary data analysis of the Taiwan Global School-Based Student Health Survey's 2012-2016 data. The survey was anonymous, cross-sectional and nationwide. SETTING: Taiwan high school students (grades 7-12). PARTICIPANTS: The sample comprised 27 525 students from junior high schools (grades 7-9), and senior high schools, comprehensive schools, vocational high schools and night schools (grades 10-12). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The rate of ever having had sexual intercourse; the rates and factors of condom use at first and last sex. RESULTS: The sexual intercourse rate in each school type (in ascending order) was junior high school (1.62%), senior high school (4.14%), comprehensive school (9.08%), vocational high school (14.03%) and night school (41.09%). Condom use rate decreased from 57.07% (95% CI=54.31% to 59.83%) at first sex to 25.72% (95% CI=23.34% to 28.10%) at last sex (p<0.0001). The condom use rate (in ascending order) was junior high school (first sex: 37.67%, last sex: 19.76%), night school (55.83%, 22.62%), vocational high school (61.13%, 25.78%), comprehensive school (62.83%, 28.61%) and senior high school (68.38%, 34.96%). Older age at sexual debut was associated with condom use at first and last sex, and having one sexual partner was associated with condom use at last sex, as revealed by logistic regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: This study highlights an urgent need to instil a proper understanding of protected sex while adolescents are still in their formative years. Despite the low sexual intercourse rate (4.95%), there is lower condom use at last sex than at first sex, which indicates that many sexually active adolescents are not practising protected sex, especially among junior high school students.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Preservativos , Adolescente , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Sexo Seguro , Taiwan
5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444272

RESUMO

This study analyzed the effects of various alcohol prevention programs on the drinking behavior of adolescents. There were seven electronic databases used for the literature search. A systematic review and meta-analysis are employed for works published in Korean and English from January 2010 to April 2021, with strict inclusion criteria yielding 12 papers in the review. The type of alcohol prevention interventions included educational and motivational interventions. Six studies had more than 500 participants each, and five studies had more than 10 participating schools. The programs did not effectively reduce the frequency of drinking or binge drinking of adolescents but significantly reduced the amount of alcohol consumed. Based on the results of this study, when planning alcohol prevention programs for adolescents, it is necessary to adopt a multi-level approach, including the engagement of parents and the community.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Alcoolismo , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Alcoolismo/prevenção & controle , Consumo Excessivo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444105

RESUMO

Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is an emerging health problem among adolescents. Although previous studies have shown that deviant peer affiliation is an important risk factor for this behavior, the reasons for this relationship are unclear. Based on the integrated theoretical model of the development and maintenance of NSSI and the social development model of delinquency prevention, this study tested whether depression mediated the relationship between deviant peer affiliation and NSSI and whether this mediating effect was moderated by sensation seeking. A sample of 854 Chinese adolescents (31.50% male; Mage = 16.35; SD = 1.15) anonymously completed questionnaires on the study variables. Results of regression-based analyses showed that depression mediated the association between deviant peer affiliation and NSSI, and this effect was stronger among adolescents who reported high sensation seeking. The results demonstrate the role of individual differences in the link between affiliation with deviant peers and NSSI, and have implications for preventing and treating this risky behavior.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adolescente , China/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Sensação
7.
Dev Psychol ; 57(6): 1018-1024, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34424017

RESUMO

The current study tested the developmental significance of both early adolescent sleep quantity and quality for academic competence and internalizing and externalizing problems over the course of 2 years. As part of an accelerated longitudinal study, data were collected from N = 586 Czech adolescents (Mage = 12.34 years, SD = .89, 58.4% female). Data analyses included a series of logistic regressions that controlled for adolescent sex, age, family structure, and socioeconomic status. Findings showed that sleep quality at Wave 1 predicted developmental changes 1 year later (Wave 3) in depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem (ORrange = 1.7-1.8) and 2 years later (Wave 5) in externalizing behaviors (OR = 2.6). Importantly, despite the associations observed with Wave 3 anxiety and deviance, Wave 1 sleep quantity was unrelated to subsequent developmental changes in adjustment measures, both 1 and 2 years later. No sleep effects at all were observed on a variety of measures of academic competence. Study findings underscore the developmental significance of sleep and indicate greater salience of sleep quality vis-à-vis sleep quantity. They also replicate some of the observed relationships found in previous longitudinal work on the sleep-mood link but extend the sleep-adolescent adjustment literature in a number of important ways. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Sono , Adolescente , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
8.
Dev Psychol ; 57(7): 1136-1148, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34435828

RESUMO

This study investigated the role of school context in changes in the behaviors associated with having high social status during early adolescence. Three waves of surveys were collected from students (N = 542, 53% girls; 44% Black, 44% White, 5% Hispanic/Latinx, and 7% other; 60% free/reduced-fee lunch) in the middle of their sixth, seventh, and eighth grade school years. Peer nominations were used to assess two types of social status (peer acceptance and popularity) and three behavioral reputations (academic, prosocial, and physical aggression). Approximately half of the students made a transition from an elementary school to a larger middle school after sixth grade and the other half attended the same school from kindergarten through eighth grade (K-8). Across time and school configurations, students who were well-liked were perceived to be academically oriented, prosocial, and not physically aggressive. In contrast, the reputations of popular students differed in the two school configurations. In the K-8 context, popularity became increasingly associated with academic and prosocial behavior, and less characterized by physical aggression over time. In the transition context, popularity was associated with academic and prosocial behavior in elementary school, but these associations were null upon the transition to middle school in seventh grade. When students moved into eighth grade, popular students were increasingly academically oriented. In the transition group, popularity was also characterized by physical aggression at all three grades. Findings highlighted the significance of school context for the development of popularity. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Distância Psicológica , Adolescente , Agressão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Grupo Associado , Instituições Acadêmicas , Comportamento Social
9.
Clin Pediatr (Phila) ; 60(9-10): 418-426, 2021 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34342242

RESUMO

Pediatrician Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) practices vary widely, though little is known about the correlates of SBIRT implementation. Using data from a national sample of US pediatricians who treat adolescents (n = 250), we characterized self-reported utilization rates of SBIRT among US pediatricians and identified provider- and practice-level characteristics and barriers associated with SBIRT utilization. All participants completed an electronic survey querying the demographics, practice patterns, and perceived barriers related to SBIRT practices. Our results showed that 88% of respondents reported screening for substance use annually, but only 26% used structured/validated screening instruments. Furthermore, 40% of respondents provided evidence-based brief interventions, and only 11% implemented all core SBIRT practices. Common barriers (eg, confidentiality and insufficient time) and unique provider- and setting-specific barriers to implementation were identified. These findings indicate that although most pediatricians deliver some SBIRT components in their practice, few implement the full SBIRT model, and barriers persist.


Assuntos
Intervenção na Crise/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pediatras/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Confidencialidade , Intervenção na Crise/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Tempo , Estados Unidos
10.
J Youth Adolesc ; 50(10): 1970-1981, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34414547

RESUMO

Development in multidimensional self-regulation is important because it can be leveraged to enable healthy long-term adjustment. This four-wave study investigated longitudinal associations between two domains of adolescent self-regulation, specifically its cognitive (e.g., planning and decision-making) and emotional components (e.g., control of negative emotions). Participants included 500 adolescents (52% female; T1 Mage = 13.31 years; 76% White; average yearly family income > 100,000 USD). A random-intercepts cross-lagged panel model revealed that, once trait-level longitudinal stability in each regulatory component was controlled, there were small cross-lagged effects from cognitive self-regulation to later emotional self-regulation. Findings warrant additional future research that describes adolescents' multidimensional self-regulation development and its antecedents, in part by appropriately distinguishing between intra- and inter-individual effects.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Regulação Emocional , Adolescente , Cognição , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
11.
Soins ; 66(858): 42-45, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34462069

RESUMO

School is an essential place of life for children and adolescents. Like society as a whole, this institution is increasingly exposed to a context of multiple forms of violence, while itself being a source of more or less visible violence. To get out of this school violence, it is necessary to distinguish its hidden sides and to rethink the school as a central place for learning non-violent communication.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Agressão , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Violência/prevenção & controle
12.
Nutrients ; 13(7)2021 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34371866

RESUMO

Food hypersensitivity (FHS) refers to food-related symptoms, with or without concurrent Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies related to food(s). It remains unclear how different FHS phenotypes affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL). We examined self-reported HRQoL (with the generic instrument EQ-5D (dimensions and a Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), range 0-100) in association with phenotypes of FHS, and food-specific symptoms among adolescents (n = 2990) from a population-based birth cohort. Overall, 22% of the adolescents had FHS. Compared to adolescents without FHS, those with FHS reported more problems in the dimensions of pain/discomfort (p < 0.001), and anxiety/depression (p = 0.007). Females with FHS reported more problems than males in these dimensions (p < 0.001). Different FHS phenotypes (IgE-sensitization, allergic co-morbidity, and severity of symptoms) were not associated with differences in HRQoL. EQ-VAS scores were lowest for adolescents with symptoms for wheat vs. no wheat, median 80 vs. 89, p = 0.04) and milk vs. no milk (median 85 vs. 90, p = 0.03). Physician-diagnosed lactose intolerance median EQ-VAS was 80 vs. 90, p = 0.03 and also associated with more problems in the dimension of anxious/depression. In conclusion, FHS is associated with lower HRQoL in adolescence, irrespective of phenotypes, but differentially affects females vs. males, and those with vs. without symptoms for milk or wheat.


Assuntos
Hipersensibilidade Alimentar/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fenótipo , Estudos Prospectivos , Escala Visual Analógica
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(31): e26747, 2021 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397817

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The incidence of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behavior in adolescents is increasing year by year. Patients with a history of both depression and NSSI behavior tend to be at greater risk for suicide. At present, the mechanism of adolescent depressive disorder with NSSI behavior is not clear and still in research and exploration. The expression of the Silent Information Regulator 2 Related Enzyme 1 (SIRT1) gene is closely related to the level of serotonin in molecular mechanisms, and may be closely related to the occurrence and development of depressive disorder. This study aimed to explore the relationship between the SIRT1 gene and NSSI behaviors in adolescents with depressive disorder. METHODS: A total of 15 adolescent depressed patients with NSSI behavior and 15 healthy controls were enrolled in the study. Bisulfite Sequencing PCR (BSP) was used to test the methylation level of SIRT1 gene promoter region of the participants. The real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR was conducted to measure the mRNA expression level of SIRT1 gene. RESULTS: Our study found that the methylation level of SIRT1 gene promoter region at cytosine-guanine dinucleotide 5 (CpG5) site in depression group was higher than that of control group. Compared with that of control group, the plasma concentration of Sirt1 protein significantly decreased in depression group. CONCLUSION: Our study investigated the methylation level and the mRNA expression of SIRT1 gene in adolescent depressive patients with NSSI behavior. The study points towards finding an in vivo molecular marker for those adolescent patients.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/genética , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , China/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Metilação , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/genética , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/psicologia , Sirtuína 1
14.
BMJ Open ; 11(8): e049284, 2021 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34417216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To describe the social determinants and development in energy drink consumption among Norwegian adolescents in 2017, 2018 and 2019. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, online, annual, nationwide surveys (Ungdata). SETTING: Responses collected online from January 2017 to December 2019. PARTICIPANTS: Lower and upper secondary school students (n=297 102) aged 12-19 years who responded in 2017, 2018 and 2019. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Frequency of energy drink consumption. RESULTS: Over the 3-year period, 66.4% of the men and 41.8% of the women had consumed energy drink once a week or more. The proportion of female high consumers (consuming energy drink more than four times a week) increased from 3.3% to 4.9% between 2017 and 2019; for male, the increase was from 9.8% to 11.5%. In females, the proportion of high consumers increased with 24% (relative risk; CI) (1.24; 1.09 to 1.41) from 2017 to 2018 and 46% (1.46; 1.31 to 1.62) from 2017 to 2019. The corresponding increases in males were 10% (1.10; 1.01 to 1.20) from 2017 to 2018 and 12% (1.12; 1.05 to 1.19) from 2017 to 2019. Any energy drink consumption as well as high energy drink consumption were independently associated with school level, less central residency, low socioeconomic status, physical inactivity and high leisure screen time. CONCLUSION: We found an increase in high consumers among both boys and girls between 2017 and 2019. The observed increase in energy drink consumption among adolescents can explain some of the increased sales of energy drink in Norway.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bebidas Energéticas , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Instituições Acadêmicas , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360400

RESUMO

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: The objectives of this study were to analyse the possible influence that some variables such as substance use (alcohol and marijuana) might have on relevant aspects related to violence in adolescent dating (victimization, frequency of violence and acceptance of violence). METHODS: The sample included 2577 adolescents between the ages of 14 and 18. The instruments used were two questionnaires. The first identified and analysed the types and frequency of violence experienced by the victims, and their acceptance of violence. The second analysed the use of alcohol and marijuana in adolescents. RESULTS: The results indicate that victims frequently take on the role of polyvictims, suffering aggression in up to more than five different forms at the same time. Furthermore, it was found that this phenomenon is precipitated by substance use, the frequency of abuse and the acceptance of violence in a cycle of mutual interaction.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying , Vítimas de Crime , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Adolescente , Humanos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Violência
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360412

RESUMO

Encouraging adolescents to sort garbage is vital for the sustainable development of the ecological environment. This study investigates the relationship between adolescents' social media use and their garbage sorting intention. A survey, in both online and paper-based versions, was distributed in 2020 in Shanghai and a total number of 605 valid responses were obtained. This study supports the proposed sequential mediation model, indicating that adolescents' social media use increased their garbage sorting intention via the serial mediation effect of objective and subjective knowledge and the perceived importance of garbage sorting. The current study and its findings provide important insights into the link between adolescents' social media use and their garbage sorting intention, particularly its underlying mechanism, by distinguishing knowledge into two specific types and introducing perceived importance into the conceptual model. Practical implications for improving adolescents' intention to sort garbage are also discussed.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Resíduos de Alimentos , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , China , Humanos , Intenção
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360417

RESUMO

Adolescent suicide is a serious global health concern. Although familial transmission of suicidal behaviors has been identified in previous research, the effects of parental gender remain unknown. This study identified the influence of parental suicidal behaviors on suicide attempts among adolescent girls. We collected data through a cross-sectional, nationwide, population-based survey in South Korea and evaluated data from 890 adolescent girls (aged 12-18 years) who had attempted suicide and their parents. Hierarchical logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors related to suicide attempts among adolescent girls. The final model indicated that mothers' suicidal plans and attempts (OR = 6.39, OR = 12.38, respectively) were important risk factors for suicide attempts in adolescent girls. Future studies should identify specific methods for effective prevention and treatment through path analysis of the related factors affecting suicidal behavior of adolescents according to their parents' gender.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Tentativa de Suicídio , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Ideação Suicida
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360493

RESUMO

This study explored the internal and external factors affecting the first drinking experience during Korean adolescence. To achieve this, we collected 34 cases revealing specific drinking experiences during adolescence in Alcoholic Anonymous (A.A.), Korea. The collected data were analyzed using a qualitative case study method, and the analysis focused on the internal and external factors influencing drinking in adolescence. As per the results, internal factors that influenced drinking in adolescence were "curiosity" and "elevated mood and stress relief", and external factors were "family", "friends", "older friends at school", "neighbors", "Korean tradition of alcohol making", "workplaces that encourage alcohol consumption", and "a generous drinking culture." Based on these findings, we suggested several practical alternatives, such as a stringent alcohol punishment system, government-led campaigns to overcome the generous alcohol culture, monitoring the drinking status of working and intern youths, and using local crime prevention guards to curb youth drinking. In future research, it is necessary to quantitatively verify the results of this study to develop theories related to adolescent drinking behavior.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Consumo de Álcool por Menores , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Amigos , Humanos , República da Coreia
19.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(8): 3311-3322, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34378718

RESUMO

The scope of this study was to characterize the prevalence of violent behaviors such as aggression, robbery and carrying a weapon, according to sociodemographic and lifestyle variables such as physical inactivity, use of illicit drugs, harmful alcohol consumption, smoking habits and unhealthy food consumption among university students. A cross-sectional, census-type study was carried out with students aged 18 years or older, in face-to-face classrooms at a public higher education institution in southern Brazil. In the data analysis Poisson regression was used to calculate Prevalence Ratios (PR) with adjustment based on a hierarchical conceptual model. The prevalence of one or more violent behaviors was 15.1%. After adjustment, the prevalence was significantly greater for males [PR=1.40 (95%CI 1.10; 1.77), p=0.01]. Violence was associated with higher levels of physical activity, use of illicit drugs and harmful consumption of alcohol. The findings show the sociodemographic profile of students who perpetrate violent behaviors, and can be useful for planning health promotion interventions aimed at preventing modifiable risk factors associated with violent behavior in this population.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Universidades , Adolescente , Agressão , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudantes
20.
Brasília, D.F.; OPAS; 2021-08-02.
Não convencional em Português | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54577

RESUMO

O objetivo deste sumário de políticas é fornecer uma perspectiva relevante a partir de evidências comportamentais e um conjunto de considerações comportamentais para aqueles que planejam as iniciativas que incentivam os comportamentos preventivos da COVID-19 entre os jovens. Realizou-se uma revisão rápida e não sistemática das evidências para examinar se os jovens – amplamente definidos na revisão como indivíduos entre 15 e 30 anos de idade – são suficientemente diferentes dos grupos etários mais velhos em sua percepção de risco e tomada de decisão de modo a justificar uma abordagem mais específica. A revisão concluiu que, nas idades compreendidas como a metade da adolescência, os processos cognitivos de tomada de decisão dos jovens são semelhantes aos dos adultos em muitos aspectos; no entanto, existem alguns fatores comportamentais que influenciam os comportamentos de risco ou os comportamentos pouco seguros que são particularmente relevantes entre os jovens.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Comportamento , Comportamento do Adolescente , Coronavirus , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Segurança , Redes Sociais Online , Prevenção de Doenças , Política de Saúde
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