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1.
Am J Clin Hypn ; 64(3): 248-262, 2022 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35007479

RESUMO

The aim of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of Cognitive Developmental Hypnotherapy (CDH) on Differentiation of Self, Meaning in Life and Marital Conflicts in married women. The method is quasi-experimental pretest and posttest with a control group. The statistical population of this study includes married women who came to FUM Counseling and Psychological Services Center to receive psychological services. The sample of this study included 40 married women who were selected by targeted sampling method and randomly assigned to two experimental and control groups. Participants in the pretest and posttest study answered the Differentiation of Self Inventory, the Marital Conflicts questionnaire by Sanaei, and the Meaning in Life questionnaire. The research data were analyzed using ANCOVA and MANCOVA with SPSS-21. The findings showed CDH led to an increase in Differentiation of Self and Meaning in life, and a reduction in Marital Conflicts in women. Accordingly, CDH through using techniques such as induction and empowerment of the Ego is effective in marital conflicts of married women. Therefore, using it as a means to improve the quality of married women's lives is recommended.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Hipnose , Cognição , Feminino , Humanos , Casamento , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Dev Psychol ; 57(12): 2192-2205, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34928668

RESUMO

Guided by models of family unpredictability, this study was designed to identify the distinctive sequelae of disorganized interparental conflict, a dimension of interparental conflict characterized by abrupt, inexplicable changes in parental emotional lability, conflict tactics, and verbalizations. Participants included 208 kindergarten children (M age = 5.74 years; 56% girls), mothers, and their caregiving partners from racially diverse backgrounds (e.g., 44% Black) who participated in a longitudinal study with two annual measurement occasions. At Wave 1, trained observers assessed disorganized interparental conflict. Observational and survey assessments were used to assess several family (i.e., interparental conflict, parenting difficulties, parent psychopathology, family instability) and demographic (i.e., children's gender, household income, parent education) characteristics. Assessments of child functioning at each wave included psychological adjustment (i.e., externalizing and internalizing symptoms, prosocial behavior), social information processing difficulties, and attention to emotion cues. Findings from structural equation modeling analyses indicated disorganized interparental conflict significantly predicted decreases in children's prosocial behavior and increases in their externalizing problems, angry reactivity to social problems, and biased attention to angry and sad cues over a one-year period. Results were significant while controlling for established measures of interparental conflict, parenting difficulties, parent psychopathology, family instability, and demographic characteristics. The findings suggest that disorganized characteristics of interparental conflict may be an important domain of clinical change beyond the established targets of family harshness and adversity. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2021 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Mães , Ira , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Emoções , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
3.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 199, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34930482

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We examine the role of learning-family conflicts for the relation between commuting strain and health in a sample of medical university students. The first goal of the study was to investigate the mediating role of learning-family conflicts. The second goal was to extend the temporal view on relations between study variables. Therefore, we differentiated long-term systematic change among variables over a period of two-years from a dynamic perspective with repeated commuting events on the individual level of analyses. METHODS: We applied a multilevel research design and collected survey data from 128 medical students on three points in time (N = 339 measurement points). Participants informed about commuting strain, learning-family conflicts, somatic symptoms, as well as commuting distance and time. RESULTS: Bayesian multilevel analyses showed that results differed with regard to level of analysis: while learning-family conflicts mediated the relation between commuting strain and somatic symptoms on a systematic aggregation-level perspective of analysis (indirect effect estimatebetween = 0.13, SE = .05, 95% CI [0.05; ∞), Evidence Ratio = 250.57), this was not the case on the dynamic event perspective (indirect effect estimatewithin = 0.00, SE = 0.00, 95% CI [- 0.01; ∞), Evidence Ratio = 0.84). CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated that learning-family conflicts explain why commuting may have unfavorable effects on health for medical students. We also showed that it is the long-term commuting experience that is related to health complaints and not the single commuting event. This means that short-term deviations from general levels of commuting strain do not cause somatic symptoms, but general high levels of commuting strain do instead.


Assuntos
Sintomas Inexplicáveis , Universidades , Teorema de Bayes , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudantes , Transportes
4.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 40-46, set.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1347946

RESUMO

O objetivo deste trabalho é refletir acerca de situações de rupturas familiares, que geram consequências importantes para a formação do self, e sobre a possibilidade de elaboração frente a esperança produzida pela construção de novos vínculos. Quais as reverberações dessas rupturas familiares no processo de constituição da identidade e no desenrolar da própria transferência num atendimento de orientação psicanalítica? Numa tentativa de responder a essa pergunta, será destacado aqui o vínculo transferencial como promotor de uma potencialidade terapêutica.


The main objective of the present paper is, based on the psychoanalytic theory (specially Winnicott's considerations), to reflect about situations regarding the rupture of family links, which cause relevant consequences to the construction of the self of a child, and about the possibility of elaboration with the development of new links. Considering those ruptures, what are the reverberations in the process of identity constitution and, considering the analysis environment, in the outcome of the transference itself? To answer this question, it will be highlighted in the present paper the bond between analyst and patient as a promoter of a therapeutic potentiality.


El objetivo desto trabajo es refletir acerca de situaciones de rupturas familiares y las consecuencias que estas tienen en la formación del self, y acerca de la posibilidad de elaboración frente a la esperanza producida por la construcción de novos vinculos. ¿Quales son las reverberaciones de esas rupturas familiares en los procesos de constitución de la identidad y en el desenvolvimiento de la propia transferencia en un atendimiento de orientación psicoanalítica? En una tentativa de responder a essa pregunta, será destacado aqui el vínculo transferencial como promotor de una potencialidad terapeutica.


Assuntos
Humanos , Papel (figurativo) , Família , Ego , Conflito Familiar , Apego ao Objeto
5.
Vínculo ; 18(3): 2-13, set.-dez. 2021.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1347941

RESUMO

Debate da resistência em psicanálise, decorrente da formação de defesas psíquicas durante o desenvolvimento psicossexual, as quais têm como finalidade a recuperação do objeto perdido quando do evento traumático, evento esse que constitui um marco para a proposta do conceito de “falta básica”, feita por Balint. O interesse pelo tema surge ao verificar-se crescente demanda de análise de pacientes com profunda angústia relativa ao desamparo e importantes conflitos familiares, descrença na instituição trabalho e em alcançar vida conjugal satisfatória. Trabalhamos na perspectiva de formular hipóteses, sustentadas em experiência clínica e campo teórico da psicanálise stricto sensu e psicanálise dos vínculos, que poderiam contribuir para a clínica de revisão dos vínculos. A análise envolve o Sujeito e os objetos primários bem como seus substitutos embora somente o Sujeito esteja em psicanálise.


Debate in psychoanalysis of resistance resulting from the formation of psychic defenses during psychosexual development. These defenses have as their purpose the recovery of the object that where lost during the traumatic event which is a milestone for the proposal of the concept of “basic fault” by Balint. Our interest in the subject arises because we observe at present increasingly demand for analysis of patients with deep anguish related to helplessness and important family conflicts, disbelief in the work institution and in achieving satisfactory marital life. We work from the perspective of formulating hypotheses, based on clinicai experience and theoretical field of psychoanalysis stricto sensu and psychoanalysis of bonds, that could contribute to the clinical review of the bonds. The analysis involves the Subject and the primary objects as well as their substitutes although only the Subject is in psychoanalysis.


Debate respeto a la resistencia en el psicoanálisis, que es resultante de la formación de defensas psíquicas durante el desarrollo psicosexual, cuyo objetivo es recuperar el objeto perdido durante el evento traumático, trauma ese que constituye un hito para la propuesta del concepto de "falta básica" de Balint. El interés en el tema surge por la constatación de que existe creciente demanda de análisis de pacientes con profunda angustia relacionada con el desamparo e importantes conflictos familiares, la perdida de la confianza en la institución laboral y bien en la esperanza de lograr una vida matrimonial satisfactoria. Trabajamos desde la perspectiva de formular hipótesis basadas en la experiencia clínica y en los campos teóricos del psicoanálisis stricto sensu y del psicoanálisis de los vínculos, que podrían contribuir a la revisión clínica de los enlaces. El análisis involucra al Sujeto y los objetos primarios, así como a sus sustitutos, aunque solo el sujeto esté en psicoanálisis.


Assuntos
Psicanálise , Desenvolvimento Psicossexual , Família , Conflito Familiar , Apego ao Objeto
6.
Front Public Health ; 9: 736625, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34722444

RESUMO

The prevalence of work-family conflict (WFC) among nurses was high, especially in the emergency department. WFC has a series of negative influences on emergency nurses, but factors associated with WFC require elucidation. Thus, we conducted a national cross-sectional survey among emergency nurses in China. In this study, we described the current situation of WFC and explored its related factors among emergency nurses in China. We found that the WFC of emergency nurses was severe, and emergency nurses aged 25 to 34, male, married, highly educated, with high professional title and long years of service, perceiving the shortage of nurses, experiencing a high frequency of night shift, tended to have higher WFC. Targeted interventions, such as reasonable work allocation, adequate staffing, and a scientific night shift system should be implemented to alleviate the WFC of emergency nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(10): 4761-4768, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34730661

RESUMO

The association between alcohol consumption by students with family conflicts, parental supervision and quality of relationships was investigated. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,265 adolescents from 21 schools. The Brazilian version of the Drug Use Screening Inventory/DUSI was used, and absolute and relative prevalence for categorical variables was estimated, while bivariate analyses and Pearson's Chi Square test were conducted. For the magnitude of the association between the dependent and independent variables, prevalence ratios were estimated using Poisson multivariate regression. There was an association between alcohol consumption and drug use by family members, frequent discussions and parental lack of awareness about adolescents' activities. Family supervision, a good relationship with parents/guardians, establishing an affective family bond and parents' knowledge about teenagers' whereabouts, were protective factors for alcohol use. The conclusion was that the high rate of schoolchildren who consume alcohol is worrying, liable to health complications in general, and a harmonized family relationship is fundamental. The implementation of measures of intervention between school and the Family Health Strategy, can contribute to the establishment of a protective bond.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Estudantes , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/epidemiologia , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pais , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(11): 1976-1982, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34818843

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between family conflict and adolescent future suicidal behavior. Methods: A total of 7 072 adolescents who participated in the baseline survey and the first follow-up survey of Shandong Adolescent Behavior and Health Cohort were included in the analysis. They were sampled from 8 middle schools in 3 counties of Shandong province, China. A self-reported questionnaire was used to measure suicidal behavior, family conflict, depression, and demographic characteristics. Logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between family conflict and suicidal behavior. Results: In the baseline survey, the age of 7 072 subjects was (14.58±1.45) years, and boys and girls accounted for 50.0% respectively. 750 people (10.6%) had any suicidal behavior, of which 707 (10.0%), 258 (3.6%) and 190 (2.7%) had suicidal ideation, suicide planning and suicide attempt, respectively. The family conflict scores of the suicidal group were higher than those of the non-suicidal group. After adjusting for covariates, logistic regressions showed that family conflict was associated with increased risk of suicidal behavior (OR=1.05, 95%CI: 1.01-1.10), suicidal ideation (OR=1.05, 95%CI: 1.00-1.09), suicide planning (OR=1.08, 95%CI: 1.01-1.16) and suicide attempt (OR=1.10, 95%CI: 1.02-1.19). Further stratified by gender, results showed no significant association between family conflict and suicidal behavior in girls; the association of family conflict with suicidal behavior was more significant in boys, especially for suicidal ideation and suicide planning, and the OR value of the latter was higher than the former. The results were stable after sensitivity analysis in males. Conclusions: Family conflict might increase the risk of adolescent suicidal behavior, especially in males. Harmonious family environment and good family atmosphere are of great significance to adolescent suicide prevention and control.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Tentativa de Suicídio
9.
Front Public Health ; 9: 745118, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34778179

RESUMO

In this study, 223 primary and secondary school teachers in Shandong province were selected to examine the effect of work-family conflict on occupational well-being, using the questionnaire of work-family conflict, occupational well-being and psychological capital as measuring instruments. We further explored the mediating role of psychological capital between work-family conflict and occupational well-being. The obtained data were analyzed using SPSS20.0, AMOS16.0 and M-plus 7.0. Results revealed that (1) Work-family conflict was negatively correlated with the occupational well-being and psychological capital of primary and secondary school teachers, and negatively predicted occupational well-being and psychological capital of primary and secondary school teachers; (2) Psychological capital had a significant positive correlation with the occupational well-being of primary and secondary school teachers, and significantly predicted the occupational well-being of primary and secondary school teachers; (3) Psychological capital of primary and secondary school teachers played a mediating role in work-family conflict and occupational well-being.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Professores Escolares , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34770242

RESUMO

Healthcare professionals' exposure to work-family conflict negatively affects the health and well-being of the whole family and organizational outcomes. Specified workplace interventions are lacking. Therefore, the aim of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of a two-day group-treatment specifically designed for the needs of healthcare professionals with family responsibilities concerning participation, satisfaction with the intervention and family- and individual-related outcome variables. 24 mostly female (85.7%) participants of a community hospital in southern Germany attended the treatment. Data were collected at baseline (T0), directly after the treatment (T1) and two months later (T2). A two-factor analysis of variance with repeated measures showed a statistically significant time x group effect for self-efficacy (F = 5.29, p = 0.011). Contrasts displayed substantial pre-post (T1-T0, T2-T0) increases of self-efficacy in the intervention group as compared with the control group. Non-parametric Mann-Whitney-U tests are in line with these findings. The results indicate that the group-treatment adapted to the needs of healthcare professionals has the potential to boost self-efficacy among healthcare professionals and that participants were predominantly satisfied. Perspectives for future research and practical implications are discussed in the light of the manifest lack of healthcare professionals.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Pessoal de Saúde , Atenção à Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoeficácia , Local de Trabalho
11.
BMC Public Health ; 21(1): 1832, 2021 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34627227

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tugboat crewmembers are susceptible to fatigue during their 24-h work shifts, despite the availability of rest time. The fatigue experienced by seafarers contributes to marine accidents and metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, which have long-term effects. This study aimed to analyse the association between working hours and fatigue and other possibly related factors in tugboat crewmembers. METHOD: This comparative cross-sectional study included 127 tugboat crew members from 15 randomly chosen tugboats in Samarinda Harbor, Indonesia. Their fatigue levels while at work were measured using a reaction timer and standardised questionnaire. Personal and occupational data of crewmembers, including age, marital status, rating (job ranking), duration on board, length of seafaring experience, watch system, smoking status, coffee and alcohol consumption, and working hours, were collected. Moreover, sleep quality and stress levels related to work-family conflict were measured and analysed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Work-Family Conflict Scale (WCFS), respectively. RESULTS: The study found that 40.2% of the subjects were classified as having fatigue. The determinant factors were long working hours (> 72 h/week), poor sleep quality, and work-family conflict [adj. OR = 13.32; 95%-CI (4.78-31.23)] and p < 0.001, [adj. OR = 4.49 (1.39-14.52)] and p = 0.012, [adj. OR = 2.87 (1.12-7.33)] and p = 0.028, respectively. However, personal and occupational factors, including age, marital status, duration on board, length of seafaring experience, smoking status, and coffee and alcohol consumption, were not significantly associated with crewmember fatigue. CONCLUSION: The incidence of fatigue among Indonesian tugboat crewmembers operating on the Mahakam River was considerably high. Working hours, sleep quality, and work-family conflict were strongly associated with fatigue in tugboat crewmembers; therefore, the working hours of tugboat crewmembers need to be improved. Crewmember lifestyle variables need to be studied further.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Tolerância ao Trabalho Programado , Estudos Transversais , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Sono
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682456

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between diabetes family conflicts or problem recognition in illness self-management (PRISM) and the parental perceived quality of life (QoL) of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and their parents. This was a cross-sectional study, and the participants comprised 111 parents of type 1 diabetes adolescents; data were collected via an online survey and analyzed by descriptive statistics, correlation, and multiple linear regression analysis using the IBM SPSS 25.0 program. The explanatory power of the QoL model in parents of adolescents with T1DM, constructed using three variables-diabetes family conflict (B = -0.56), regimen pain and bother (B = -11.25), and peer interactions (B = -7.48), which are PRISM barriers-was 35.7% (F = 5.70, p < 0.001). Diabetes family conflicts (B = -0.86) and peer interactions (B = -9.04) explained 57.3% of the variance in the parental perceived QoL of adolescents with T1DM (F = 12.33, p < 0.001). In order to improve the QoL in parents and adolescents with type 1 diabetes, interventions to effectively manage diabetes family conflicts and improve peer interactions are necessary.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Autogestão , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Autocuidado
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34682627

RESUMO

Suicide is an extreme, tragic act and an important subject for social inquiry. It is the rising public health issue prevalent in the Himalayan range of Pakistan. The young and educated population is more prone to suicide instead of using this prime phase of age productively. Unfortunately, the suicide problem remains unaddressed, the causes remain undefined, solutions are not in the works, and in situations when others play a part in driving someone to commit suicide, no one is being held accountable. This study is aimed at uncovering the root causes of suicide and proposing some preventive measures to mitigate the problem. Our team studied three years' worth of data (2017-2019) on suicides from the office of Human Rights Commission of Pakistan, Chitral. In addition, we conducted semi-structured interviews of different stakeholders, including family members, neighbors, lawyers, and police personnel. The findings revealed that extended family pressures, the power dynamic between sustainers and dependents, family conflicts, and inheritance cases were the major causes of the domestic violence that preceded suicide attempts. Mental health issues, forced marriages, academic competitions, and flawed litigation processes were also among the leading causes of suicide. Awareness through education and religious sermons, strengthening healthcare organizations, restructuring family systems, establishing police complaint centers, effective prosecution processes, and imparting lifesaving skills have been identified as measures to prevent suicide. This study has theoretical and practical implications, as it adds certain novel variables regarding the causes and solutions of suicide to the existing body of literature and guides public authorities to strengthen institutions to intervene effectively.


Assuntos
Homicídio , Violência , Distribuição por Idade , Causas de Morte , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Vigilância da População , Distribuição por Sexo
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34639602

RESUMO

If there is any field that has experienced changes as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is work, primarily due to the implementation of teleworking and the effort made by workers and families to face new responsibilities. In this context, the study aims to analyze the impact of work-family conflict on burnout, considering work overload, in teleworkers during the COVID-19 pandemic. To evaluate the hypotheses, we used data collected during the last week of July 2020 using an online survey. Work-family conflict and burnout were measured using the Gutek et al. (1991) and Shirom (1989) scales. We tested the hypotheses using a structural equation model (SEM). The results indicated, between other findings, that there was a positive relationship between work-family conflict and family-work conflict and all the dimensions of burnout. However, there was no effect of teleworking overload in the work-family conflict and burnout relationship. This article is innovative because it highlights the importance of the economic and regulatory conditions that have surrounded the modality of teleworking during the pandemic, and their influence on wellbeing and psychosocial risks in workers.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , COVID-19 , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Teletrabalho
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501504

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between diabetes family conflict and parental conflict on problem recognition in illness self-management (PRISM) among individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). We employed a descriptive research design. Participants were 243 individuals with T1DM who completed online questionnaires. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, correlations, and multiple regression analyses. Results revealed that barriers were felt in all areas (understanding and organizing care, regimen pain and bother, healthcare team interaction, family interaction, and peer interaction), especially peer interaction. The significant influencing factors in the regression model for the total PRISM score of individuals with T1DM were conflict behavior toward mothers (t = 4.44, p < 0.001), diabetes family conflict (t = 5.77, p < 0.001), conflict behavior toward fathers (t = 2.58, p = 0.011), women (t = 2.67, p = 0.008), non-religious (t = -2.33, p = 0.020), and diabetic complications (t = 2.17, p = 0.031). The explanatory power of the constructed regression model for PRISM was 42.0% (F = 30.12, p < 0.001). To promote self-management among individuals with T1DM, the development of interventions that promote improved peer interactions, a family-centered approach, and a program that can minimize conflicts between families and parents are required.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Autogestão , Protocolos Clínicos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12271, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535041

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the variables associated with work ability, work-family conflict and the relationship between these variables. METHODS: An observational prospective study was conducted and involved 436 employees of a Teaching Hospital in Rome. Data collection was performed using the following tools: the Work Ability Index (WAI) and the Work-to-family conflict and Family-to-work conflict Scale (WFC-FWC Scale). Data were analyzed through univariate analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multivariate linear regression, using the SPSS software version 25. RESULTS: A direct relationship of the WFC score with two variables (female gender and physicians) and an inverse relationship with other two variables (age and administrative staff) were found. There is a direct relationship between the FWC score and the variable "having sons". The WFC and FWC scores showed a direct relationship between them. The Work Ability presented an almost significant association only with the profession variable, in which administrative staff, followed by physicians, presented a higher WAI score with respect to other professional categories, such as nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Wellbeing intervention for health workers should be directed mainly to women, older workers and those with sons. In addition, more attention should be given to nurses, who showed lower work ability scores.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais de Ensino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34574736

RESUMO

Based on the gender role orientation perspective, this study extends the resource depletion mechanism that links role demands to family interference with work by testing the moderating effects of gender and gender role orientation (egalitarian vs. traditional) on the relationships. Analysis of the data from 251 employees in Taiwan revealed two significant three-way interactive effects. Specifically, for men, the positive relationship between work demands and family-to-work conflict (FWC) was stronger for egalitarian than traditional individuals. For women, the positive relationship between family demands and FWC was stronger for egalitarian than traditional individuals. We also found a significant two-way interactive effect; that is, within the egalitarian group, the positive relationship between work demands and FWC was stronger for women than men. Our findings, thus, suggest both within-gender and between-gender variations in the links between work-to-family demands and conflict, jointly affected by the individual's gender and gender role orientation. Contextualized within the cultural traditions of a Chinese society, we highlight the precarious position that egalitarian men and women (especially women) find for themselves in fulfilling work duties and family roles. The theoretical and managerial implications are also discussed.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Papel de Gênero , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Taiwan
18.
J Psychosom Res ; 150: 110606, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34560405

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of caregiver- and youth-reports of parent-child conflict on trajectories of asthma-related health outcomes over 2 years. METHODS: In a sample of 193 youth with asthma (42.7% female; M age = 12.78) and their primary caregivers, we used a multi-method and multi-informant approach to assess self-reported parent-child conflict from youth and caregivers at both the daily and global levels at baseline. Next, we annually assessed subjective (i.e., youth self-reported asthma symptoms) and clinical (i.e., peak flow) asthma health outcomes for 2 years. RESULTS: Latent growth curve models revealed an effect of baseline youth-reported global family conflict on peak flow trajectories such that youth who reported greater parent-child conflict at baseline experienced less of an increase in peak flow over time than youth who reported less parent-child conflict at baseline (standardized ß = -0.27, p = .003). CONCLUSIONS: Youth with asthma who perceive greater overall conflict with their caregivers experience less improvement in peak flow as they age. The research and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.


Assuntos
Asma , Adolescente , Cuidadores , Criança , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Autorrelato
19.
Psico USF ; 26(3): 483-493, Jul.-Sept. 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1351339

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate new evidence of internal and external validity of the Conflict Resolution Behavior Questionnaire (CRBQ) for the context of the state of Paraíba, Brazil. A total of 252 people participated this study, being in a marital relationship, with an average age of 38.3 years (SD = 10.87), the majority of whom were married (70%) and female (57.1%). An Exploratory Factorial Analysis of the CRBQ pointed an adequate structure with three factors (agreement, avoidance, and attack), with alphas ranging from 0.75 to 0.77, which were related to personality traits. In this direction, the results are discussed, in the light of the specialized literature, and it is concluded that the psychometric adequacy of the CRBQ expands the evidence of validity and can be used in future studies in the Brazilian context by researchers and those interested in the subject. (AU)


Esse estudo objetivou investigar novas evidências de validade interna e externa do Questionário de Comportamento de Resolução de Conflitos (Conflict Resolution Behavior Questionnaire - CRBQ) para o contexto brasileiro paraibano. Participaram 252 pessoas que indicaram estar em um relacionamento conjugal, com média de idade de 38,3 anos (DP= 10,87), sendo a maioria casada (70%) e do sexo feminino (57,1%). Uma análise fatorial exploratória do CRBQ apontou uma estrutura adequada com três fatores (acordo, evitação e ataque), com alfas variando de 0,75 até 0,77, que apresentaram relações com os traços de personalidade. Nessa direção, discutem-se, à luz da literatura especializada, os resultados e conclui-se que a adequação psicométrica da medida do CRBQ amplia as evidências de validade, podendo ser utilizada em pesquisas no contexto brasileiro por pesquisadores e interessados na temática. (AU)


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar nuevas evidencias de validez interna y externa del Cuestionario de Conducta de Resolución de Conflictos (CCRC) para el contexto de la provincia brasileña de Paraíba. Participaron un total de 252 personas en relación conyugal, con una edad media de 38,3 años (DS = 10,87), la mayoría casadas (70%) y mujeres (57,1%). Un Análisis Factorial Exploratorio del CCRC señaló una estructura adecuada con tres factores (acuerdo, evasión y ataque), con alfas variando entre 0,75 y 0,77, que se relacionan con rasgos de personalidad. En esta dirección, se discuten los resultados, a la luz de la literatura especializada, y se concluye que la adecuación psicométrica de la medida CCRC amplía la evidencia de validez del instrumento y puede ser utilizado en futuros estudios en el contexto brasileño por investigadores e interesados en el tema. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Personalidade , Casamento/psicologia , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Psicometria , Brasil , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Análise Fatorial
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360128

RESUMO

Married female nurses experience work-family conflict (WFC) as they manage excessive work and various working-hour types while rearing children and tending household chores, and as a result, they continuously constantly deliberate over quitting their job or moving to a different workplace. Married nurses were found to have shorter sleep duration and sleep latency compared to single nurses, and high job stress not only hinders their family life but also causes sleep problems. Depression is a classic negative emotion experienced by married working women who must manage both work and family. This study aims to examine WFC in married female nurses and investigate its predictors, namely depression and sleep quality. A total of 229 married female nurses completed a Google questionnaire link consisting of the Work-Family Conflict Scale, Sleep-Quality Scale, and the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, LSD post hoc test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression using the SPSS/WIN 26.0 program. The average WFC score was 4.84 ± 1.12 (range 1-7); WFC showed a statistical difference according to a stage of the lifecycle (F = 7.12, p = 0.001) and perceived health (F = 12.01, p < 0.001). WFC was low among those in the non-parenthood stage of the lifecycle (ß = -0.26, p < 0.001), those with good (ß = -0.18, p = 0.011) or moderate perceived health (ß = -0.15, p = 0.023), and those without turnover intention (ß = -0.13, p = 0.016). On the other hand, WFC was high among those who were extremely dissatisfied with their job (ß = 0.16, p = 0.008) and those who had a high level of depression (ß = 0.22, p = 0.002); these variables explained 20.2% of WFC (F = 7.663, p < 0.001). Based on these results, subsequent studies should develop and implement coping programs that help reduce WFC and improve depression and sleep quality in married female nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho
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