Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.085
Filtrar
1.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1324147, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38525344

RESUMO

Objective: To clarify subgroups of married female nurses experiencing work-family conflict (WFC), explore the factors associated with the subgroups, and determine how desired support strategies differ among the subgroups. Methods: Data was collected from a sample of 646 married female nurses from public hospitals in Zhejiang Province, China, in December 2021. Latent profile analysis was used to group the participants, and multiple logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with higher WFC. The STROBE criteria were used to report results. Results: According to latent profile analysis, there were three distinct profiles of WFC among married female nurses: "low-conflict type," "work-dominant-conflict type," and "high-conflict type." These profiles differed in the number of children, night shifts, family economic burden, childcare during working hours, family harmony, colleague support, and nurse-patient relationships. Nurses with multiple children, higher pressures in childcare during working hours, heavier family economic burdens, lower family harmony, lower colleague support, and poorer nurse-patient relationships are more likely to be classified as "high-conflict type" nurses. Conclusion: This study found that married female nurses experience different types of WFCs. The structure of these WFCs and their associated factors suggests that customized intervention strategies can be developed to address the specific needs of married female nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Estresse Financeiro , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Hospitais Públicos , China
2.
Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol ; 30(2): 234-246, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38546630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the indirect relationship between immigration-related stressors and depressive symptoms via family conflict and whether familism values moderated this relationship in a sample of U.S. Latine youth. We also explored nativity and gender differences in the predictive model. METHOD: Participants were 306 Midwestern Latine youth (Mage = 15.50, 46.2% girls, 79.9% Mexican origin) and their primary caregivers who completed measures of study constructs. A series of path models examined the potential mediating role of family conflict and the moderating effects of familism values, gender, and nativity. RESULTS: For the overall sample, parental exposure to immigration-related stressors was related to higher youth depressive symptoms through higher levels of family conflict. However, multigroup models revealed significant differences by nativity and gender. The indirect effect through family conflict was only significant for non-U.S.-born youth with low to average levels of familism-support and average to high levels of familism-obligation; it was not significant for U.S.-born youth. Furthermore, the indirect association was only significant for boys with average to high levels of familism-obligation; no significant indirect effects were found for girls. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that the indirect pathway linking immigration-related stressors to depressive symptoms via family conflict depends on youth familism values, nativity status, and gender. Findings highlight the distinct effects of familism-support and obligation and the need to consider sociodemographic diversity within Latine communities. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2024 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Depressão , Emigração e Imigração , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Conflito Familiar , Pais
3.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1340074, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38450130

RESUMO

Background: Researchers and practitioners are concerned with the impact of work-family conflict on the well-being of workers, including those in the health care sector, and previous research suggested that nurses were experiencing a range of negative outcomes. Aim: To investigate the potentially mediating role of self-compassion and moderating role of gratitude in the relationships between work-family conflict and both life satisfaction and happiness among Saudi nurses. Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 368 nurses (men age = 35.18, SD = 6.67, 70.65% of females). Nurses were recruited via social media using convenience sampling techniques. They completed the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Subjective Happiness Scale, the Gratitude Questionnaire-6, the Self-Compassion Scale, and the Work-Family Conflict Scale, as well as a set of demographic questions. The data were analyzed using PROCESS MACRO model 4 and 8, and the reporting followed STROBE checklist. Results: As expected, the study found a negative relationship between work-family conflict and both life satisfaction and happiness. These relationships were mediated by self-compassion. For the relationships between work-family conflict and life satisfaction and happiness, and between family-work conflict and happiness, this mediation was moderated by gratitude. Conclusion: This study built on positive psychology and demonstrated that the positive personality traits of self-compassion and gratitude can engender enhanced life satisfaction and happiness among Saudi nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Felicidade , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Autocompaixão , Satisfação Pessoal
4.
Eur. j. psychiatry ; 38(1): [100226], Jan.-Mar. 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229235

RESUMO

Background and objectives This study explored the correlation between nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and family functioning among adolescents aged 12 to 17 years with mood disorders. Methods A total of 142 participants were clinically assessed for NSSI, with 85 in the NSSI group and 57 in the non-NSSI group. The correlation between NSSI and family functioning was compared and a regression prediction model was constructed to determine the risk probability of NSSI. Results A significant association was found between family functioning and NSSI (P = 0.017). The correlation between adolescents with NSSI and gender, communication, affective responsiveness, and behaviour control was statistically significant. A nomogram graph and ROC curve were constructed, with an AUC of 0.772. Conclusion The findings support the notion that family functioning is associated with a higher risk for NSSI among adolescents with mood disorders. Furthermore, gender, communication, affective responsiveness, and behaviour control may be contributing factors. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Transtorno Afetivo Sazonal , Características da Família , Conflito Familiar , China
5.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-230858

RESUMO

The study highlights the concept of education-family conflict, where educational roles clash with familial obligations, negatively affecting the sense of coherence and social acceptance of married female students. Previous studies have highlighted the increasing tendency of married women to pursue higher education and career advancement, which would emphasize the need for psychological interventions to support them. The study introduces Positive-Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy (PCBGT) as a novel intervention to address these concerns. Based on their education-family conflict scores, sense of coherence, and social acceptance, sixty married female students (aged 25-35) were purposively selected and equally assigned to experimental and control groups. The experimental group engaged in eight weekly 90-minute PCBGT sessions. Data were analyzed using One-way ANOVA with repeated measures. The findings underscore PCBGT's potential to empower students, enhancing their sense of coherence, manageability, meaningfulness, and social acceptance, persisting up to three months post-intervention. PCBGT enhances the sense of coherence by helping individuals recognize and apply their signature strengths, manage emotions, cultivate self-acceptance, and develop a more comprehensive and meaningful outlook on life. It also fosters social acceptance by promoting self-compassion, identifying strengths, regulating emotions, and enhancing interpersonal skills through structured sessions, ultimately improving individuals’ interactions and relationships. However, further investigation is necessary to comprehensively understand how PCBGT influences the sense of coherence and social acceptance among married female students managing education-family conflict. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Senso de Coerência , Estudantes/psicologia , Cônjuges/psicologia , Psicoterapia de Grupo , Conflito Familiar , Grupos Controle , Universidades , /métodos
6.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 95, 2024 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ethiopia's population is growing at about 2.7% annually with a fertility rate of 4.1 births per woman. However, as per the knowledge of the researcher, not enough studies have been done in Ethiopia to identify factors associated with women's fertility levels. OBJECTIVE: To assess the number of children ever born and its associated factors among currently married reproductive-age Ethiopian women. METHOD: Data of 5613 currently married women were extracted from the 2019 Ethiopian Mini Demographic and Health Survey (EMDHS). Stata version 14 was used for data extraction, processing, and analysis. Descriptive data were summarized using descriptive statistics. A multivariable negative binomial regression was used for the inferential analysis. Incidence rate ratio (IRR) and its 95% CI were respectively used to measure the associations and their statistical significance. RESULT: The median number of children ever born per currently married Ethiopian woman was 3 with an iterquarter range of 4 (1-5) children. Age of a woman at her first birth (aIRR = 0.958, 95% CI: 0.954, 0.961), being protestant (aIRR = 1.128, 95%CI: 1.068, 1.193), being Muslim (aIRR = 1.096, 95% CI: 1.043, 1.151), and being from other religious groups than Orthodox Christianity (aIRR = 1.353, 95% CI: 1.036, 1.766) are positively associated with bearing more children. On the other hands, completing primary education (aIRR = 0.664, 95% CI: 0.640,0.689), secondary education(aIRR = 0.541, 95%CI: 0.504,0.582), higher education(aIRR = 0.527, 95%CI: 0.479, 0.580), being from a richest household(aIRR = 0.899, 95%CI: 0.840, 0.962), using modern contraceptive (aIRR = 0.877, 95%CI: 0.847, 0.908), living in the Afar (aIRR = 0.785, 95%CI: 0.718,0.859), Amhara (aIRR = 0.890, 95%CI: 0.718,0.859), Gambella (aIRR = 0.894, 95%CI: 0.820,0.974), and Addid Ababa(0.845, 95%CI: 0.760,0.939) are negatively associated with bearing more children. CONCLUSION: Promoting women's empowerment, encouraging women's academic advancement, and community-based educational intervention are recommended to have optimal and decreased numbers of children.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Fertilidade , Gravidez , Criança , Humanos , Feminino , Etiópia , Parto , Coeficiente de Natalidade
7.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 103, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38331764

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Unmet need for family planning is a proportion of women among reproductive age group who want to stop or delay childbearing but are not using any method of contraception. One in ten married women face unmet need for family planning world-wide whereas, one in five women in Africa. Thus, by understanding factors associated with unmet need specific to the study area; the study contributes to planning and intervention of programs, gives additional finding for controversies in earlier studies, and also helps as a baseline for other researchers conducting studies on similar topics. METHODS: A community-based unmatched case-control study was conducted from March 29-April 25, 2021 G.C on 462 currently married reproductive age women (154 cases and 308 controls) in Dewa Chefa District. Currently married reproductive-age women who were fecund, and wanted to limit or delay childbearing but were not using any contraceptive methods were taken as cases and currently married reproductive-age women who were using family planning or did not want to use were taken as controls. A structured and pre-tested questionnaire was used to collect data. Collected data were entered into Epi-data 3.1 and exported to SPSS 23 for analysis. Binary Logistic regression was conducted and variables with p-value < 0.05 were taken as statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 462 women participated in this study, with 100% response rate. The mean age of the respondents was 27.92 years (with SD of ± 6.3) Age of woman 35-49 [AOR = 6.6 (1.1-39)], having poor knowledge on family planning [AOR = 1.9 (1.1-3.1)], using family planning decided by husband [AOR = 3.8 (2.1-6.9)], using family planning decided together [AOR = 2.3 (1.07-5.1)] and have no support and disapproval of husband for family planning use [AOR = 2.1 (1.08-4)] were factors significantly associated with unmet need. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: Age of the woman, main decider of family planning use, knowledge about family planning and support and approval of spouse for family planning use were found to have significant association with unmet need for family planning. Thus, family planning providers, District health office, and other concerned bodies should strengthen female empowerment and male involvement in the program with strong couple counseling to reduce unmet need.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Etiópia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comportamento Contraceptivo , Estudos Transversais , Anticoncepção , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Diabet Med ; 41(5): e15300, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38303663

RESUMO

AIMS: Maternal caregiver involvement is strongly associated with psychosocial and glycemic outcomes amongst adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D); however, previous studies have lacked detailed, objective examinations of caregiver involvement. We examined the relationship between observed parenting behaviors and psychosocial and glycemic outcomes amongst youth with T1D. METHODS: Data collected from adolescents with T1D (age 11-17) and their female caregivers as a part of a randomized controlled trial were analyzed. These included structured, observation-based scores of adolescent-caregiver dyads engaged in videotaped interactions and selected psychosocial and glycemic outcome measures. RESULTS: In adjusted analyses, higher levels of intrusive parenting behaviors during observed interactions were associated with higher diabetes distress in adolescents, but no difference in HbA1c. Associations between intrusive parenting behaviors and psychosocial outcomes were stronger for females compared to males for both diabetes distress and quality of life. Similarly, associations between collaborative parenting behaviors and quality of life were stronger for female adolescents than males. No associations were observed between collaborative parenting behaviors and glycemic outcomes. Consistent with previous work, we noted higher levels of adolescent-reported family conflict were associated with lower adolescent quality of life and higher diabetes distress with no significant difference between male and female adolescents. CONCLUSION: These findings indicate that high levels of intrusive parenting behaviors, such as lecturing or over-controlling behaviors, are associated with lower levels of adolescent well-being, particularly among adolescent girls. This work suggests that interventions to reduce intrusive parenting by maternal caregivers could result in improved psychosocial outcomes for adolescents with T1D.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1 , Poder Familiar , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Criança , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/psicologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Conflito Familiar
9.
Brain Behav Immun ; 118: 128-135, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38408496

RESUMO

Interparental conflict is known to negatively impact child well-being, including behavioral and physiological well-being. Children's empathy - that is, vicariously experiencing others' emotions - may increase children's sensitivity to and the biological repercussions of interparental conflict. Although empathy represents a valued trait and is an important part of socioemotional development, its influence on children's physical health is unknown. This study examined whether empathy moderates the association between perceived interparental conflict and both child systemic inflammation and parent-rated overall child health in a sample of children between the ages of seven to nine. Children and their parents participating in the long-term evaluation of the Family Foundations program, a randomized trial of a perinatal preventative intervention, provided data approximately eight years following enrollment into the program. We collected peripheral blood samples via dried blood spots, anthropometric measurements, and child and parent psychosocial questionnaires. Results indicated significant positive main effects of child empathy on both C-reactive protein (CRP; B = 0.26, SE = 0.11, p =.026) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6; B = 0.20, SE = 0.10, p =.045) levels. Further, child affective empathy moderated the associations between perceived interparental conflict and both CRP (B = 0.39, SE = 0.19, p =.050) and parent-reported child health (B = 0.30, SE = 0.13, p =.021), such that greater empathy strengthened the negative associations between interparental conflict and child health. Overall, findings suggests that there may be a biological cost of being more empathic in high-conflict environments and highlight the need for tools to help more empathic children appropriately manage vicarious emotions.


Assuntos
Saúde da Criança , Conflito Familiar , Criança , Humanos , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Empatia , Relações Pais-Filho , Emoções
10.
Eur J Public Health ; 34(2): 316-321, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332545

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Work-family conflicts (WFC) have been associated with poor mental health, poor self-rated health and sickness absence. However, studies on short sickness absence are lacking and more information is needed also about long sickness absence regarding the direction of WFC, and potential explaining factors particularly among young and early middle-aged employees. METHODS: The Helsinki Health Study baseline survey (2017) among 19- to 39-year-old municipal employees (N = 3683, 80% women, response rate 51.5%) was linked to employer's sickness absence data. The associations of work-to-family conflicts (WTFC) and family-to-work conflicts (FTWC) with short (1-7 days) and long (over 7 days) sickness absence were analyzed using negative binomial regression analysis. Covariates were age, gender, family-related factors and work-related factors. Stratified analyses by occupational class were performed. The results are presented as rate ratios and their 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: High WTFC were associated with short (1.25, 1.12-1.40) and long (1.37, 1.11-1.70) sickness absence. High FTWC were also associated with short (1.12, 1.03-1.22) and long (1.24, 1.06-1.45) sickness absence. Adjustment for family-related factors strengthened the associations, whereas adjustment for work-related factors abolished the associations between WTFC and sickness absence. Associations between WFC and sickness absence were observed among two lowest occupational classes only. CONCLUSION: WFC are associated with both short and long sickness absence. Work-related factors including the quality of supervisory work and shift work play a role in the association. Intervention studies could determine if improvements in combining work and family life lead to a reduction in sickness absence.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Relações Familiares , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Masculino , Estudos de Coortes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Licença Médica , Finlândia
11.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 815, 2024 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38191901

RESUMO

Adolescents from difficult families (ADF) is a vulnerable group in China, and there have been few studies focused on them at present. To improve the welfare system for vulnerable groups and gain a better understanding of the situation regarding ADF, it is important to identify the association between peer factors, family functioning, and prosocial behavior among ADF. 1047 adolescents aged 10-15 from difficult families were selected from 21 counties in 7 provinces across China based on the multistage stratified sampling method. Regression analysis and moderation analyses were performed to identify the association of prosocial behavior with peer factors and family functioning. Lower peer quality and poorer family functioning were significantly associated with less prosocial behavior. The was no significant association between peer quantity and prosocial behavior. Family functioning moderated the relationship between peer quality and prosocial behavior. ADF with higher quality peers are more likely to show more prosocial behavior, and poor family functioning would weaken the association between peer quality and prosocial behavior. The protection of ADF can begin by improving family functioning and guiding ADF to form relationships with high-quality peers.


Assuntos
Altruísmo , Grupo Associado , Adolescente , Humanos , China , Criança , Conflito Familiar
13.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 17, 2024 01 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38166941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Correctional officers tend to have high levels of work-family conflict (WFC). WFC has been found associated with various forms of psychological distress and to affect the overall well-being of correctional officers. Burnout and resilience may affect the relationship between WFC and psychological distress, however, this association still remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the mediating effect of burnout on the relationship between WFC and anxiety/depression and the moderating role of resilience, within the context of correctional officers. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was conducted in China from October 2021 to January 2022. WFC, burnout, resilience, anxiety, and depression were evaluated using the Work-Family Conflict Scale (WFCS), Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS), 10-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10), and the Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS). Mediation and moderation models were then tested using the PROCESS macro in SPSS, with burnout being a mediator and resilience playing a moderating role in the relationship between WFC and anxiety/depression. RESULTS: A total of 472 correctional officers were included. Burnout was found to mediate the relationship between WFC and anxiety (b = 0.14, 95%CI [0.10, 0.19]) and the relationship between WFC and depression (b = 0.23, 95%CI [0.18, 0.28]). Additionally, resilience played a moderating role in the direct effect of WFC on anxiety (b = - 0.02, p < 0.01) and the first half of the indirect effect of WFC on anxiety (b = - 0.007, p < 0.05). Furthermore, resilience was also found to moderate the first half of the indirect effect of WFC on depression (b = - 0.02, p < 0.01), but not the direct effect of WFC on depression (b = - 0.005, p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study may improve our understanding by elucidating the fundamental mechanisms of the connection between WFC and psychological distress among correctional officers. The results have significant implications for policymakers and individuals, as they suggest that diverse interventions may help promote the mental well-being of correctional officers.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Conflito Familiar , Depressão/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Servidores Penitenciários , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia
14.
Int Arch Occup Environ Health ; 97(2): 199-206, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38172373

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Workers' health can be influenced by risk factors from their family environments as well as their work environments. This paper sought to examine how the association between long working hours and depressive symptoms differs based on the level of FWC after being stratified by worker's gender. METHODS: We used the dataset of 20,384 full-time wage workers from the sixth Korean Working Conditions Survey (2020). Long working hours were defined as working 52 h or more per week. FWC was measured using a 2-item questionnaire, and depressive symptoms were measured using the WHO-5 well-being index. Applying modified Poisson regression, we evaluated how the association between long working hours and depressive symptoms differs by the level of FWC male and female workers separately. RESULTS: In the analysis of the female workers, long working hours were associated with depressive symptoms in the high FWC group (PR 1.35, 95% CI 1.17, 1.55) after adjusting for potential confounders whereas no association was observed in the low FWC group. Among the male workers, a statistically significant association was observed in both high FWC (PR 1.22, 95% CI 1.07, 1.38) and low FWC (PR 1.28, 95% CI 1.12, 1.47) groups. CONCLUSION: FWC may act as a workplace stressor that potentially amplifies the health impact of long working hours among female workers.


Assuntos
Depressão , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Depressão/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Emprego , Local de Trabalho
15.
Res Aging ; 46(3-4): 258-270, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38179976

RESUMO

Intergenerational contact is important to older adults' quality of life, but less is known about within-family differences in older parents' contact between sons and daughters, especially in countries with patrilineal traditions. Applying latent profile analysis to data on 3,228 Korean older adults' frequency of meeting and communication with each of their children, this study identified within-family patterns of intergenerational contact. Nearly half of parents exhibited gender-balanced patterns of meeting across children, while 13% reported "more frequent contact with daughters" and 39% reported "more frequent contact with sons." On the other hand, "equally high contact" (77%) was the most common pattern for communication. Multinomial regression results showed that the derived patterns were differentiated by parents' education, marital status, region, economic satisfaction, health, and depressive symptoms. The results highlighted the enduring nature of patrilineal traditions as well as the differing patterns of contact that Korean older adults have with their children.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Idoso , Pais , Estado Civil , Conflito Familiar , Relação entre Gerações
16.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 33(1): 15-27, Ene. 2024. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229636

RESUMO

Objective: This study analyzes whether parental strictness, which is shared by authoritative parenting (strictness and warmth) and authoritarian parenting (strictness without warmth) styles, always acts as a main protective factor against drug use and psychosocial maladjustment in children. This conclusion has already been stated in numerous classic studies, though emergent research suggests that there are benefits to parental warmth regardless of whether strictness is present or not. Method: Sample were 2,095 Spanish participants (1,227 females, 58.6%), 581 adolescent children (aged 12-18 years, 27.7%) and 1,514 adult children (72.3%). The measures were the main parenting style dimensions (warmth and strictness), drug use, and a set of indicators of psychosocial adjustment. A 4 × 2 × 4 MANOVA was applied for all outcomes with parenting style, sex, and age as independent variables. Results: Indulgent parenting (warmth without strictness) was related to less drug use than parenting without warmth (authoritarian and neglectful). Additionally, indulgent and authoritative parenting styles were related to better scores on psychosocial adjustment than authoritarian and neglectful styles, although the indulgent parenting was the only style related to the optimal scores being equal or even more effective than the authoritative style. Conclusion: Contrary to classical studies, present findings suggest that it is the parental warmth instead of the parental strictness that seems to be effective in protecting against drug use and psychosocial maladjustment.(AU)


Objetivo: En este estudio se analiza si, como asumen numerosos estudios clásicos, el componente de severidad que comparte el estilo parental autorizativo (severidad y afecto) con el estilo autoritario (severidad sin afecto) actúan siempre como el principal factor protector del consumo de drogas y el desajuste psicosocial de los hijos. Sin embargo, la investigación emergente sugiere los beneficios del afecto parental independientemente de la severidad. Método: Los participantes fueron 2,095 hijos españoles (1,227 mujeres, 58.6%), 581 adolescentes (de 12 a 18 años, 27.7%) y 1,514 adultos (72.3%). Las medidas fueron de las principales dimensiones del estilo parental (afecto y severidad), del consumo de drogas y un conjunto de indicadores del ajuste psicosocial. Se aplicó un MANOVA 4 × 2 × 4 con todos los criterios evaluados analizando el estilo parental, el sexo y la edad como variables independientes. Resultados: El estilo indulgente (afecto sin severidad) se relacionó con un menor consumo de drogas que los estilos sin afecto (autoritario y negligente). Además, los estilos indulgente y autorizativo se relacionaron con mejores puntuaciones en ajuste psicosocial, aunque el indulgente fue el único estilo relacionado con las puntuaciones óptimas siendo igual o incluso más eficaz que el estilo autorizativo. Conclusión: A diferencia de los estudios clásicos, los presentes resultados sugieren que el afecto parental, en vez de la severidad, parece ser eficaz como protección frente al consumo de drogas y el desajuste psicosocial.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Psicologia do Adolescente , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Poder Familiar , Família , Drogas Ilícitas , Psicologia , Sistemas de Apoio Psicossocial , Saúde da Família , Violência Doméstica , Conflito Familiar , Consumo de Álcool por Menores
17.
Stress Health ; 40(1): e3282, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37283132

RESUMO

While prior research has extensively explored outcomes of family to-work conflict (FWC), our understanding of how FWC may impact employees' negative interpersonal behaviours at work such as workplace incivility is limited. Given the serious implications of workplace incivility, the current study seeks to understand the relationship between FWC and instigated incivility via the mediating role of negative affect. The moderating role of family supportive supervisor behaviours (FSSB) is also investigated. We collected data from 129 full-time employees over three waves with six weeks in between. Results revealed that FWC positively predicted instigated incivility, and negative affect mediated this relationship. In addition, the positive effect of FWC on negative affect as well as the indirect effect of FWC on instigated incivility through negative affect were weaker for individuals experiencing more FSSB, suggesting that family related support from supervisors may attenuate the effect of FWC on employees' negative affect and its indirect effect on instigated incivility via negative affect. Theoretical and practical implications are also discussed.


Assuntos
Incivilidade , Relações Interpessoais , Humanos , Local de Trabalho , Emprego , Conflito Familiar
18.
Behav Genet ; 54(1): 101-118, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37792148

RESUMO

This study examined the independent and interactive effects of alcohol use disorder genome-wide polygenic scores (AUD-PGS) and parenting and family conflict on early adolescent externalizing behaviors. Data were drawn from White (N = 6181, 46.9% female), Black/African American (N = 1784, 50.1% female), and Hispanic/Latinx (N = 2410, 48.0% female) youth from the adolescent brain cognitive development Study (ABCD). Parents reported on youth externalizing behaviors at baseline (T1, age 9/10), 1-year (T2, age 10/11) and 2-year (T3, age 11/12) assessments. Youth reported on parenting and family environment at T1 and provided saliva or blood samples for genotyping. Results from latent growth models indicated that in general externalizing behaviors decreased from T1 to T3. Across all groups, higher family conflict was associated with more externalizing behaviors at T1, and we did not find significant associations between parental monitoring and early adolescent externalizing behaviors. Parental acceptance was associated with lower externalizing behaviors among White and Hispanic youth, but not among Black youth. Results indicated no significant main effect of AUD-PGS nor interaction effect between AUD-PGS and family variables on early adolescent externalizing behaviors. Post hoc exploratory analysis uncovered an interaction between AUD-PGS and parental acceptance such that AUD-PGS was positively associated with externalizing rule-breaking behaviors among Hispanic youth, but only when parental acceptance was very low. Findings highlight the important role of family conflict and parental acceptance in externalizing behaviors among early adolescents, and emphasize the need to examine other developmental pathways underlying genetic risk for AUD across diverse populations.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo , Adolescente , Humanos , Feminino , Criança , Masculino , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Conflito Familiar , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas
19.
Aging Ment Health ; 28(3): 457-465, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37993412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Family conflict is an understudied aspect of the caregiver experience. Drawing from the stress process model, the present study examined the prevalence and correlates of conflict over illness beliefs (e.g. conflict over the care recipient's illness and need for facility placement) and family care strategies (e.g. lack of involvement and support from family members). METHODS: Adult child and spouse caregivers (N = 579) of persons with physical or cognitive impairment from clinic and internet samples completed the Caregiver Reaction Scale (CRS) to assess each topic of conflict and burden. RESULTS: Most caregivers reported conflict with family members over care strategies (63%) or illness beliefs (55%). Clinic caregivers reported greater illness beliefs conflict than online caregivers. Adult children reported greater illness beliefs and family care strategies than spouses. Male caregivers were more likely than female caregivers to report care strategies conflict. Caregiver overload was significantly associated with family care strategies conflict. Both conflicts were positively associated with caregiver burden. CONCLUSIONS: Findings further support that family conflict is a widespread concern associated with burden among online and help-seeking caregivers. Caregiving relationship type and gender may increase likelihood of each conflict. Findings inform recommendations for clinical intervention and assessment of family caregivers.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Cuidadores/psicologia , Família/psicologia , Identidade de Gênero , Crianças Adultas/psicologia , Cônjuges , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
20.
Violence Against Women ; 30(3-4): 854-872, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36862806

RESUMO

This retrospective study sought to determine (a) whether physical proximity to interparental conflict in childhood moderates the link between frequency of exposure to interparental conflict and subsequent levels of resilience in adulthood and (b) whether retrospective perceptions of parent-child relations and insecurity mediate the link between interparental conflict and resilient development. A total of 963 French students aged 18-25 years were assessed. Our study showed that the children's physical proximity to interparental conflict is a major long-term risk factor for their subsequent development and their retrospective perceptions of parent-child relations.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Relações Pais-Filho
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...