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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36673726

RESUMO

The interference between family and work roles has led to the development of scales for their measurement. However, instrumental studies of work-family conflict have not been conducted in the context of teacher teleworking during the COVID-19 pandemic. For this reason, the objectives of this study were set to obtain evidence of the internal structure and fairness of the Blanch and Aluja Work-Family Conflict Questionnaire, as well as its association with job satisfaction and other sociodemographic variables. A total of 235 Peruvian school teachers between the ages of 24 and 72 years (M = 43.79 and SD = 9.67) responded to the scale using the online form. The analysis employed the non-parametric item response theory modeling (Mokken scaling analysis). The structure of two correlated factors was confirmed: work conflict in the family (WCF) and family conflict in the work (FCW). Both dimensions were invariant with respect to sex group and educational level. The association of both dimensions with job satisfaction was theoretically convergent, and the gender of the teachers slightly moderated this relationship. The reliability was adequate for group research. Finally, the instrument can be useful in the organizational context of teachers who telework.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Teletrabalho , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Pandemias , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36674020

RESUMO

Although a growing body of research has analyzed the determinants and effects of technostress, it is still unclear how and when technostress would impact workers' psycho-physical health and work-family interface during the pandemic. To fill this gap, this study tests the mediating mechanisms and the boundary conditions associated with the impact of technostress on workers' psycho-physical well-being and work-family conflict. A total of 266 Italian workers completed online questionnaires measuring (traditional vs. remote) working modalities, technostress, fear of COVID-19, working excessively, psycho-physical distress, work-family conflict, loss of a loved one due to COVID-19, and resilience. Structural equation models were performed. Results indicated that technostress was positively related to psycho-physical distress and work-family conflict, as mediated by fear of COVID-19 and working excessively, respectively. The loss of a loved one exacerbated the effects of fear of COVID-19 on psycho-physical health, while resilience buffered the effects of working excessively on work-family conflict. Since numerous organizations intend to maintain remote working also after the COVID-19 emergency, it is crucial to study this phenomenon during its peaks of adoption, to prevent its potential negative outcomes. The implications of these findings for theory and practice are discussed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Itália/epidemiologia , Conflito Familiar , Medo
3.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 14: 21501319231151380, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36718818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Job Demands and Resources (JD-R) model is used to examine predictors of well-being, work engagement, and individual or organizational outcomes. According to the model, work engagement and communication skills play a mediating role between work-family conflict and resilience to job satisfaction in nurses. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted considering 431 Peruvian nurses of mean age (M = 40.31 years; SD = 10.94) ranging from 22 to 68 years working in public hospitals in the Lima region. Data were collected using a self-reported form of the Job Satisfaction Scale, communication skills, work engagement, work-family conflict, and resilience. The theoretical model was evaluated using structural equation modeling (SEM). RESULTS: A theoretical model with adequate fit was obtained [χ2(2) = 6.0, P < .001, CFI = 0.995, RMSEA = 0.068, SRMR = 0.015]. Results indicated an inverse relationship between work-family conflict with communication skills (ß = -.24, P < .001) and work engagement (ß = -.10, P = .003). Likewise, resilience had an influence on communication skills (ß = .55, P < .001) and work engagement (ß = .33, P < .001). In addition, the model explains 71% of job satisfaction. Also, the results indicate the influence of work-family conflict and resilience through the mediating role of work engagement and work-family conflict on job satisfaction. CONCLUSIONS: The model confirmed that work engagement and communication skills are valid moderators to mitigate work-family conflict and strengthen resilience that favors job satisfaction in nurses.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Adulto , Engajamento no Trabalho , Satisfação no Emprego , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Comunicação
4.
PLoS One ; 18(1): e0280302, 2023.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36649287

RESUMO

A considerable amount of evidence suggests that parental marital conflict is an important factor in adolescents' internet gaming disorder (IGD). However, the mechanism underlying this relationship remains unclear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between parental marital conflict and IGD among Chinese adolescents, and whether this relationship is mediated by deviant peer affiliation and teacher-student relationship. There were 698 Chinese adolescents that took part in the study (51.58% male; Mage = 13.52). They completed self-report questionnaires regarding perception of parental marital conflict, deviant peer affiliation, teacher-student relationship and IGD. Structural equation model (SEM) was used to examine the relationship between parental marital conflict and adolescents' IGD, as well as the mediating roles of deviant peer affiliation and teacher-student relationship. Correlation analysis showed a positive correlation between parental marital conflict, deviant peer affiliation, and IGD, as well as a negative correlation between them and teacher-student relationship. The results of the SEM showed that parental marital conflict not only predicts adolescent IGD directly, but also through the mediation effects of deviant peer affiliation and teacher-student relationship. Additionally, deviant peer affiliation and teacher-student relationship not only play an independent but also a sequential mediating effect in the relationship between parental marital conflict and IGD. The relationship between parental marital conflict and IGD is mediated by deviant peer affiliation and teacher-student relationship, which has potential prevention and intervention value for adolescent IGD.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Masculino , Adolescente , Feminino , Transtorno de Adição à Internet , Grupo Associado , Pais , Estudantes , Internet
5.
An. psicol ; 39(1): 28-38, Ene-Abr. 2023. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-213837

RESUMO

Introducción: El Programa de Intervención Precoz en Situaciones de Violencia Filio-Parental (IP-VFP) tiene un buen nivel de protocolización y es de acceso abierto. El objetivo principal de este estudio es evaluar el efecto del programa IP-VFP en los/as adolescentes a medio plazo. Métodos: Los/as participantes fueron 22 adolescentes (entre 12 y 17 años) y 49 padres-madres de familias españolas, que habían completado el programa. Se aplicó un diseño experimental de caso único, permitiendo realizar el seguimiento del cambio en los/as adolescentes mediante la comparación entre fases (pre, post-intervención y seguimiento a los 6 meses). Resultados. A medio plazo tras la intervención, se observó una disminución de la violencia filio-parental, de los síntomas clínicos (síntomas depresivos, creencias irracionales, inestabilidad emocional y falta de empatía), y de la percepción del conflicto familiar, así como un aumento de la satisfacción vital. Conclusiones: Este estudio aporta más evidencias de la calidad de este programa pionero, ya que se comprueba que tiene un impacto positivo en los/as adolescentes a medio plazo y que tiene una buena aceptabilidad por parte de ellos/as, por lo que puede considerarse un programa muy prometedor para el contexto clínico y de protección familiar.(AU)


Introduction: The Early Intervention Program in Situations of Youth-to-Parent Aggression (EI-YPA) has a good level of protocolization and is open access. The main objective of this study was to evaluate the ef-fect of the EI-YPA program on adolescents in the medium term. Methods: Among the participants who successfully completed the program, 22 ado-lescents (between 12 and 17 years old) and 49 parents from Spanish fami-lies participated in the study. A single-case experimental design was ap-plied, allowing the monitoring of change within adolescents through com-parison between phases (pre-, post-intervention, and follow-up at 6 months). Results: In the medium term after the intervention, it was ob-served reductions in youth-to-parent aggression, clinical symptoms (de-pressive symptoms, irrational beliefs, a lack of empathy, and emotional in-stability), and the perception of family conflict, alongside improved life sat-isfaction. Conclusions: This study improves the quality of the evidence of this pioneering program, having a positive impact on adolescents in the medium term and good acceptability; it can thus be considered a very promising program for the clinical and family protection contex.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Violência Doméstica , Conflito Familiar , Saúde do Adolescente , Mães , Pai , Medicina do Comportamento , Psicologia Social , Espanha
6.
J Affect Disord ; 324: 309-316, 2023 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36586602

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Job burnout among nurses has been a challenging problem in recent years globally and in China. Work-related stress, work-life interference and mental health have been shown to be associated with nurse job burnout. However, the underlying mechanisms remain not fully understood. This study aims to examine the complex relationships linking work-related stress to nurse burnout among Chinese nurses. METHODS: Study data were collected from female nurses (n = 2172) in cities of Wuhan, Shiyan and Jingzhou, Hubei Province of China. Job burnout was used as outcome variable, work-related stress was the predictor, work-life interference and anxiety symptoms were mediators. Mediation and chained mediation modeling analysis were used for data analysis. RESULTS: The association between work-related stress and job burnout was significantly mediated by work-family conflict (indirect effect[95%CI] = 0.05[0.05,0.06]) and anxiety symptoms (indirect effect = 0.42[0.36,0.49]), respectively. Further, a chained mediation mechanism was observed with work-family conflict and anxiety symptoms consecutively mediated the relationship between work-related stress and job burnout (indirect effect = 0.02[0.01,0.02]). LIMITATIONS: The data were collected in one province in central China, so it needs caution when generalizing the study findings to other regions within or outside of China. CONCLUSION: Work-related stress exerts effects on job burnout through work-family conflict and anxiety symptoms among female nurses in China. Work-related stress-based burnout prevention must consider both work-family conflict and mental health problems.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estresse Ocupacional , Humanos , Feminino , Conflito Familiar , Satisfação no Emprego , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , China , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
BMC Womens Health ; 22(1): 541, 2022 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36550498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that couples frequently dispute regarding the desirability of pregnancy, as well as whether or not to employ family planning measures. There are numerous unmet needs owing to partner or family objections, according to a scares study that illustrates women's independent decision-making capacity on whether or not to use a contraceptive. As a result, the purpose of this study was to analyze women's independent decision-making power and determinants of not using contraceptives. METHODS: Reproductive age group women aged (15-49 years) currently married who are not pregnant and are currently not using family planning preceding five years the survey was included from the individual record (IR file) file using standard demographic and health survey datasets of Ethiopia. Using multilevel logistic regression models, we investigated the relationship between several independent factors and women's independent decision-making not to use contraception. The adjusted odds ratios were evaluated using 95% confidence intervals. RESULTS: A total of 5,598 currently married women were included in this study. Individual level factors significantly associated with women independent decision making on not to use contraceptive were female-led households (AOR = 2.11; 95% CI = 1.60-2.78), being orthodox ( AOR = 1.84; 95% CI = 1.39-2.44 ) and protestant ( AOR = 1.62; 95% CI = 1.17-2.23), and belonging to more than one union (AOR = 1.48; 95% CI = 1.12-1.95). Whereas, low community education (AOR = 1.19; 95%= 1.00-1.49) and regions: in Tigray (AOR = 2.19; 95%CI = 1.51-3.16), Afar (AOR = 1.74; 95% CI = 1.14-2.64), Amhara (AOR = 2.45; 95% CI = 1.71-3.500), South Nations Nationality (AOR = 1.87; 95% CI = 1.32-2.65), Gambela (AOR = 2.58; 95% CI = 1.73-3.84), Hareri (AOR = 3.93; 95% CI = 2.62-5.88), and Dre DDewa (AOR = 1.66; 95% CI = 1.12-2.45) were community-level factors. CONCLUSION: Women's independent decision-making power not to use contraceptives was low and greatly affected by both individual and community-level factors. Therefore, it is necessary to develop policies and create programs that promote women's empowerment by incorporating their partners in each region of the nation to encourage women's independent decision-making authority to use or not to use a contraceptive.


Assuntos
Anticoncepcionais , Conflito Familiar , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Masculino , Etiópia , Análise Multinível , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar , Comportamento Contraceptivo , Características da Família
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498275

RESUMO

The violation of children's right to a safe home environment is a major public health problem in need of serious attention. Evidence has been limited about the family characteristics that go with the co-occurrence of harsh parenting and family conflict. By using a representative community sample of Hong Kong families, this study aims to examine the prevalence and risk factors of harsh parenting and family conflict. This study was conducted using a secondary analysis obtained from the 2017 Hong Kong Family Survey with a sample size of 1926 respondents who have children. Results showed that participants' ages are negatively related to the occurrence and co-occurrence of harsh parenting and/or family conflict. Married mothers reported less family conflict. Fathers with lower education levels reported more experiences of family violence. Mothers reporting a higher level of family satisfaction were less associated with harsh parenting. This study provides insights into the unique and shared familial elements that prevent harsh parenting and family conflict and help facilitate the development of effective intervention strategies for family violence co-occurrence. Family-based prevention for family violence may screen for the presence of harsh parenting and family conflict and take into consideration these signals to better support families in need.


Assuntos
Violência Doméstica , Conflito Familiar , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Mães , Hong Kong/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36498028

RESUMO

While a link between co-parenting conflict and academic performance is frequently assumed, studies on this association have shown inconsistent results. In addition, academic engagement and depression can potentially mediate the association between co-parenting conflict and academic performance. However, studies have not tested this proposition. This paper examined the direct effect of co-parenting conflict on adolescent academic performance and the mediating effect of academic engagement and depression. Using data from a nationally representative survey, the 2020 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS), we constructed a sample of 1989 dyads of adolescents (aged 10 to 15) and their primary caregivers in China. The structural equation model analysis revealed that co-parenting conflict was not directly linked with academic performance but was indirectly associated with adolescent academic performance through academic engagement and depression. The findings provide empirical support that academic engagement and depression play important mediating roles in the relationship between co-parenting conflict and adolescent academic performance. Future intervention programs aimed at promoting adolescent academic performance may consider a family-oriented approach to identify adolescents from families with co-parenting conflict and provide them with professional support.


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico , Conflito Familiar , Adolescente , Humanos , Poder Familiar , Inquéritos e Questionários , China/epidemiologia , Relações Pais-Filho
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360989

RESUMO

Most current studies on the mental health of construction project management professionals (CPMPs) are conducted from a negative psychological perspective, lacking a comprehensive understanding of the positive-negative interwoven mechanism. This study developed a positive-negative dual-process psychological model of CPMPs to explore the interwoven mechanisms among five variables: family-supportive supervisor behavior (FSSB), work-family conflict, work-family enrichment, job burnout, and work engagement. We conducted a large-scale questionnaire survey among Chinese CPMPs. A total of 656 questionnaires were returned; 446 were considered valid. The groups of CPMPs prone to occupational psychological problems were identified, which enhanced the targeted organizational management in the construction industry. The hypothetical model was verified with SEM. The results revealed that the effect of work-family enrichment was more significant than work-family conflict, which implies that the positive psychology process may play a more prominent role than the negative process. There was a significant correlation between FSSB and work-family conflict/ enrichment; but no direct correlation between FSSB and job burnout/work engagement. This implies that the improvement of the work-family relationship plays a full mediating role in improving CPMPs' occupational psychological health. This research provides a thorough understanding of CPMPs' interwoven occupational psychological problems and gives suggestions to enhance their occupational psychological health.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Indústria da Construção , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Engajamento no Trabalho , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Conflito Familiar , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360999

RESUMO

Work-to-family conflicts (WFC), an aggravating factor of stress, may affect cardiovascular health. However, the link between WFC and cardiovascular health behaviors is not fully defined. This study intends to identify the mediating effect of coping strategy on the relation between WFC with cardiovascular health behaviors, such as smoking, stress management, increased physical activity, and healthy diet habits. The study is a cross-sectional online survey with 358 call center counselors. We adopted a linear regression to confirm the relationship between WFC, coping strategy, and cardiovascular health behavior, which are the main variables of the study. Maladaptive coping partially mediated the relationship between WFC and cardiovascular health behavior. Based on the results, we insist that a support system to reduce WFC is necessary, as well as increasing the availability of resources and policies to reduce WFC in the workplace and find ways to improve maladaptive coping to promote healthy behaviors of call center workers.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Estresse Psicológico , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adaptação Psicológica , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde
12.
Front Public Health ; 10: 913546, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36339168

RESUMO

Background: Adopting contraception on time is a critical intervention for postpartum women, but violence exposure around pregnancy may interfere with postpartum contraceptive use behaviors. Hence, this study aimed to investigate the time duration of the first modern contraceptive adoption and its individual-and community-level predictors among postpartum women in the Wolaita zone, South Ethiopia. Methods: A community-based prospective follow-up study was conducted among 1,292 postpartum women nested in 38 "Kebles" (clusters) using multistage-clustered sampling techniques. A multilevel Weibull regression model was employed to investigate predictors of time-to-method initiation after childbirth using STATA Version 14. Kaplan-Meier curve and Wilcoxon log-rank test were used to estimate time-to-modern contraceptive use across different variables. All variables with p-values <0.05 were considered for multivariate analysis. Adjusted time ratios (ATR) with 95 % CI were computed using Weibull accelerated failure time models. Results: Of the respondents, 62% (95% CI: 59.1-64.5) had started the first modern contraception within a year after childbirth. The restricted mean survival time-to-postpartum modern contraceptive use was 6.28 months. Being a rural dweller (aTR: 1.44; 95% CI: 1.06-1.99) and living in the middle household wealth quintiles (aTR: 1.10; 95% CI: 1.02-1.19) predicted longer time duration to adopt first modern contraception by 44 and 10%, respectively. The women from the community with a high early marriage (aTR: 1.14; 95% CI: 1.01-1.28) took longer time to initiate modern postpartum methods. Furthermore, women who had no history of perinatal abuse took less time than those who had a history of abuse to start postpartum contraception (aTR: 0.71; 95% CI: 0.66-0.78). Conclusion: Rural residence, poor household wealth status, history of perinatal abuse, and a high rate of early marriage in the community are predicted to lengthen the time duration to start modern postpartum contraception. Thus, community-level women's empowerment, particularly among rural women and integration of intimate partner violence screening into family planning counseling throughout the continuum of care will likely to improve postpartum contraception timing.


Assuntos
Comportamento Contraceptivo , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/métodos , Conflito Familiar , Etiópia , Seguimentos , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Transversais , Anticoncepção/métodos , Anticoncepção/psicologia , Período Pós-Parto , Anticoncepcionais
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36360758

RESUMO

Burnout is at all-time highs across modern professions. As a typical labor-intensive industry, the high-pressure and task-driven nature of the construction industry makes construction workers more prone to burnout. It is still unclear whether increasing the professionalization level can lessen the many harmful consequences of job burnout on construction workers' employment. Therefore, this study examined the influencing mechanism of professionalization on job burnout in the construction industry. First, a theoretical model based on the conservation of resources (COR) theory was developed with workload, job insecurity, and work-family conflict as moderating variables. A reliable sample of 441 Chinese construction workers were then recruited in the investigation. The data analysis was supported by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and structural equation modeling (SEM). The results indicated that: (i) an increase in the professionalization level could be directly effective in alleviating job burnout among construction workers; (ii) workload and work-family conflict could play an independent and continuous mediating role between professionalization and job burnout; and (iii) while job insecurity caused by a low professionalization did not have a direct impact on job burnout, it could have an indirect impact on job burnout through workload and work-family conflict, respectively. This study enriches the literature on job burnout among construction workers, as well as provides a theoretical basis and practical management guidance for Chinese construction companies to alleviate job burnout in workers from a professionalization standpoint.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Indústria da Construção , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Carga de Trabalho , Conflito Familiar , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36429347

RESUMO

This study employs a theoretical and comprehensive framework for investigating the relationship between passion for work, work-family conflict, and emotional exhaustion. Drawing from the dualistic model of passion, we posited that passion could provoke negative feelings, leading to strict determination and inhibiting the attainment of an effective, balanced life. However, there is little empirical evidence to support the dualistic model of passion's notion that passion either can assist employees in balancing their various life responsibilities or impede such a balance. The purposes of this study are threefold: first, to investigate the impact of passion for work on work-family conflict; second, to examine the relationship between work-family conflict and emotional exhaustion; and third, to clarify the mediating process of work-family conflict in the relationship between passion for work and emotional exhaustion. A cross-sectional survey was employed to gather data from Indonesian firefighters (n = 398). PLS-SEM was utilized to test the proposed hypotheses. Our results revealed that obsessive passion negatively affects emotional exhaustion. The underlying reason for this result is due to self-conceptions based on community expectations, receiving help from others to solve problems, and improving well-being even when problems arise. Our results suggest that organizations encourage employees' harmonious development, providing employees with skills necessary to deal with challenging situations and providing a family-supportive policy.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Bombeiros , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Indonésia , Emoções
15.
Apuntes psicol ; 40(3): 151-162, 13 nov. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-212679

RESUMO

En este artículo se describe el proceso de investigación-acción llevado a cabo para la redefinición y el diseño de un programa destinado a niños, niñas y adolescentes con dificultades y/o situaciones conflictivas en el ámbito familiar. El diseño del nuevo programa NAYFA se ha realizado siguiendo los estándares de calidad de los programas basados en la evidencia y mediante un proceso colaborativo entre responsables políticos, profesionales e investigadores. Se utilizó la técnica DAFO para identificar las principales fortalezas y debilidades de las actuaciones previas desarrolladas en diferentes provincias andaluzas. Los resultados pusieron de manifiesto una importante falta de sistematización que se ha tratado de solventar definiendo, mediante un proceso colaborativo y de acuerdo con los criterios de calidad más consensuados, los componentes clave del nuevo programa: fundamentación teórica y metodológica, destinatarios, objetivos, contenidos, condiciones de implementación y diseño de la evaluación. El alto grado de acuerdo de profesionales y responsables con las características propuestas puede contribuir a que la implementación del programa se lleve a cabo con fidelidad al diseño original y, con ello, favorecer su efectividad (AU)


This article describes the action-research process carried out to redefine and design a program for children and adolescents with difficulties and/or conflictive situations in the family. The design of the NAYFA program has been carried out following the quality standards of evidence-based programs and through a collaborative process between policymakers, professionals and researchers. The SWOT technique was used to identify the main strengths and weak-nesses of the previous actions carried out in different Andalucía provinces. The results revealed an important lack of systematization that an attempt has been made to solve by defining, through a collaborative process and in accordance with the most agreed quality criteria, the key components of the new program: theoretical and methodological founda-tions, recipients, objectives, contents, implementation conditions and evaluation design. The high degree of agreement of professionals and managers with the proposed characteristics can contribute to the implementation of the program being carried out with fidelity to the original design and, thus, favor its effectiveness. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , 36397 , Conflito Familiar , Relações Pais-Filho , Entrevistas como Assunto , Efetividade , Espanha
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36293732

RESUMO

Parent-child conflict can have a series of negative consequences concerning youth emotional and behavioral development. The link between family conflict and children's externalizing symptoms is well established, whereas the association with internalizing symptoms is less explored. Within the school context, children are engaged in other meaningful relationships (i.e., with teachers and peers) which contribute to their growth. This cross-sectional study aimed at understanding whether a cooperative behavior with the teachers is able to mediate the association between parent-child conflict and children's psychopathological symptoms. We recruited 319 (150 boys) school-aged children (M = 11.3 years; SD = 1.8 years) and their parents and teachers. Children self-reported on their internalizing symptoms, whereas parents completed a questionnaire concerning their relationship with the child, and teachers rated children's behavior and internalizing/externalizing symptoms. Analyses conducted through Hayes' PROCESS tool showed that cooperation with the teacher partially mediated the association between parent-child conflict and child-reported depressive symptoms. Notably, cooperative behavior fully mediated the link between parent-child conflict and children's internalizing and externalizing symptoms reported by teachers. Difficulties exhibited at school partly derive from a conflictual home environment. Our findings showed that such problems can be reduced thanks to a cooperative relationship with the teacher.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Educação , Conflito Familiar , Masculino , Humanos , Criança , Adolescente , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Transtornos de Adaptação , Relações Pais-Filho
17.
J Korean Acad Nurs ; 52(4): 421-434, 2022 Aug.
Artigo em Coreano | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36117303

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effect of parental self-esteem on late school-aged children's media device addiction by mediating marital conflict and children's self-esteem. METHODS: This study used data from the 11th (2018) Panel Study on Korean Children. The participants consisted of 1,082 family triads (fathers, mothers, and children). Data were collected using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Marital Conflict Scale, and K-Internet Addiction Scale. The data were analyzed using structural equation modeling with SPSS/WIN 27.0 and Mplus 8.7. RESULTS: The final model showed a good fit for the data. Children's media device addiction was directly related to mothers' self-esteem, mothers' marital conflict, and children's self-esteem. Fathers' self-esteem had a significant indirect effect on children's media device addiction by mediating both fathers' and mothers' marital conflict. In addition, mothers' self-esteem had a significant indirect effect on children's media device addiction by mediating mothers' marital conflict. CONCLUSION: The findings indicates that self-esteem and marital conflict for both fathers and mothers have a significant effect on children's media device addiction. It suggests that more attention might be given to fathers and mothers in developing interventions to prevent children's media device addiction.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo , Conflito Familiar , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Pais , Instituições Acadêmicas , Autoimagem
18.
J Nurs Res ; 30(5): e230, 2022 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The miserable work conditions faced by many nurses around the world make them particularly prone to work-family conflict. PURPOSE: This study was designed to explain from a resource perspective how and when nurses experiencing work-family conflict are more likely to exhibit decreased levels of organizational identification and professional identification. METHODS: A time-separation research design was used, and data were collected from 322 nurses in five hospitals in China. All of the hypotheses were tested using conduct structural equation modeling. RESULTS: The results showed that work-family conflict had negative effects on organizational identification and professional identification via emotional exhaustion. In addition, job meaningfulness may have a buffering effect on the negative impact of work-family conflict on emotional exhaustion, organizational identification, and professional identification. CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: The results advance knowledge on how and when work-family conflict damages organizational identification and professional identification. Providing family support, relieving emotional exhaustion, and enhancing job meaningfulness are necessary to support the organizational and professional identification of nurses.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , China , Conflito Familiar , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078283

RESUMO

Existing research suggests that parent-adolescent conflict is associated with increased risk for adolescent non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI). However, adolescent NSSI reactions to parent-adolescent conflicts exhibit large individual differences. This study sought to explore whether depressive symptoms mediates the relationship between parent-adolescent conflict and adolescent NSSI, and whether this mediating process is moderated by the COMT gene rs4680 polymorphism. A total of 673 adolescents (364 males, 309 females) in the age range of 12 to 15 years (Meanage = 12.81 years, SD = 0.48) completed questionnaires regarding parent-adolescent conflict, depressive symptoms, and NSSI. Genomic DNA was extracted from saliva and buccal cells from each participant. Bootstrapping techniques displayed statistically significant moderated mediation. The results showed that the positive association between parent-adolescent conflict and adolescent NSSI was in fact mediated by depressive symptoms. Moreover, this indirect link was moderated by the COMT gene rs4680 polymorphism. Specifically, the risk effect of parent-adolescent conflict on adolescent NSSI via depressive symptoms was stronger for adolescents with Val/Val genotype than for those with Met/Met or Val/Met genotype. These findings underscore the importance of examining the interaction between genes and the environment to understand how and when parent-adolescent conflict impacts adolescent NSSI.


Assuntos
Catecol O-Metiltransferase , Depressão , Conflito Familiar , Comportamento Autodestrutivo , Adolescente , Catecol O-Metiltransferase/genética , Criança , China , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mucosa Bucal , Pais/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/epidemiologia , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/genética
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078664

RESUMO

With the increasing use of smartphones in our lives, technoference has become a new threat to family relationships and child development. The present study explored the impact of technoference in conjugal interactions on child smartphone dependence and its underlying mechanism. The participants were 6923 fourth grade children (55.0% boys; the average age was 10.60 years) in 545 primary schools and their parents (35.3% fathers). We found that technoference in conjugal interactions was significantly associated with child smartphone dependence. Technoference in conjugal interactions indirectly affected child smartphone dependence through marital conflict or coparenting and a chain mediation between marital conflict and coparenting. These findings support the spillover theory and provide relevant empirical evidence and advance our understanding of parental functioning on child smartphone dependence within the Chinese culture.


Assuntos
Conflito Familiar , Poder Familiar , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho , Smartphone
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