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2.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16496, 2020 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020546

RESUMO

This study aimed to analyze aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ratio in COVID-19 patients. After exclusion, 567 inpatients were included in this study and separated into two groups according to their AST/ALT ratio on admission. Death was regarded as poor prognosis in this study. Of 567 patients, 200 (35.3%) had AST/ALT ≥ 1.38. Of the 200 patients, older age (median age 60 years), myalgia (64 [32%] cases), fatigue (91 [45.5%] cases), some comorbidities and outcomes were significantly different from patients with AST/ALT < 1.38. They also had worse chest computed tomography (CT) findings, laboratory results and severity scores. Levels of platelet count (OR 0.995, 95% CI [0.992-0.998]) and hemoglobin (OR 0.984, 95% CI [0.972-0.995]) were independently associated with AST/ALT ≥ 1.38 on admission. Furthermore, a high AST/ALT ratio on admission was an independent risk factor for poor prognosis (OR 99.9, 95% CI [2.1-4280.5]). In subsequent monitoring, both survivors and non-survivors showed decreased AST/ALT ratio during hospitalization. In conclusion, high AST/ALT ratio might be the indication of worse status and outcomes in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mialgia/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida
3.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(9): 928-932, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association ​of white blood cell (WBC) counts, neutrophil, platelets, lymphocyte counts, C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived NLR ratio (d-NLR), and platelet / lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at the time of first admission for mortality caused by COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN:  Descritive, analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Emergency Medicine, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Turkey from  March 2020 to  May 2020. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and sixty-nine patients with the diagnosis of Covid-19 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups as survivors and non-survivors. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, RT-PCR test positivity, hospitalisation. Patients with missing data were excluded. Data regarding age, gender, WBC counts, neutrophil, platelets, and lymphocyte, CRP, NLR, d-NLR, PLR and comorbid conditions were analysed for mortality. All tests were done with a two-sided significance of 5%. For each endpoint, the absolute and relative effects and their corresponding 95% confidence interval  were calculated. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant association between neutrophil, lymphocyte, CRP, NLR, d-NLR and PLR values (p=0.005, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively) with mortality status of the patients. The cutoff values calculated by this analysis were 67.50 years for age, 5.12 K / µl for neutrophil, 1.12 K / µl for lymphocyte, 67.78 mg / dl for CRP, 3.9 for NLR, 2.55 for d-NLR, and 148.85 for PLR. CONCLUSION: Altered neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, NLR, d-NLR, PLR, and CRP values can be used as early predictors of mortality in Covid-19 patients. Key Words: Covid-19, Mortality, Emergency, NLR, d-NLR, PLR.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Pandemias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/sangue
4.
Ther Umsch ; 77(8): 379-384, 2020.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33054644

RESUMO

Thrombocytopenia as an incidental finding Abstract. Platelets play an important role in normal hemostasis and their number in the periphereal blood is normally very stable. Thrombocytopenia is frequently encountered in the clinic. As a first step, one has to exclude so called pseudothrombocytopenia due to preanalytic (EDTA as an anticoagulant) conditions. This can be done by determination of platelet counts in citrate or alternative (e. g. Thrombo-Exact) tubes or by performing a blood smear, where platelets are seen clumped. A blood smear is also the mainstay of further work-up as the differential diagnosis is very broad. In bleeding patients early therapeutic interventions have to be considered. Further work-up should be done stepwise and in collaboration with a hematologist. A definite diagnosis is essential in order to define specific therapeutic interventions, mainly in bleeding patients, in patients scheduled for surgery or patients taking antiaggregation and / or anticoagulation therapy.


Assuntos
Achados Incidentais , Trombocitopenia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Ácido Edético , Humanos , Contagem de Plaquetas , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico
5.
Rev Soc Bras Med Trop ; 53: e20190356, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027411

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate and compare with healthy control subjects the levels of indirect inflammatory markers such as mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in adults and children with brucellosis. METHODS: White blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte, and platelet counts, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels were retrospectively recorded for all participants. RESULTS: NLR and neutrophil counts were significantly higher in adult patients compared to those in pediatric patients. CONCLUSIONS: Indirect inflammatory markers such as NLR, PLR, MPV, red distribution width, and CRP levels may be helpful for follow-up of brucellosis.


Assuntos
Brucelose , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Criança , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
6.
Ann Hematol ; 99(11): 2513-2520, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945941

RESUMO

Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is an intriguing autoimmune disease characterized by autoantibodies against platelets and megakaryocytes. Clinical outcomes, response to treatment, and chronicity predictors were investigated. Patients with newly diagnosed primary ITP treated at a hematology referral center from 2008 to 2018 with complete medical and recent medication history were stratified by age as children < 16 years and adults > 16 years. Responses to treatment including steroids, splenectomy, rituximab, and eltrombopag were classified as response (R) and complete (CR). Factors for developing chronic ITP were determined by multiple regression with uni- and multivariate analysis. p < 0.05 was considered significant. A total of 175 patients were included, 52 children and 123 adults; women predominated with 57.7%. Response to first-line treatment in the whole cohort was 86.18%, CR 43.42% and R 42.76%. The initial response to steroids alone was 83.9% (n = 52/62), rituximab plus high-dose dexamethasone (HDD) 87.2% (n = 34/39), eltrombopag plus HDD 90.9% (n = 10/11), and children receiving IVIG alone 100% (n = 8/8); 9 children were under clinical observation and achieved spontaneous response; loss of response was documented in 15.21% children and 28.3% adults with a median time of 15.95 and 4.07 months respectively; 37.39% of adults and 30.76% of children progressed to a chronic course. Platelets ≥ 20 × 109/L and age ≥ 6 years were risk factors for chronic ITP in the univariate analysis in the adult and children groups, respectively. Clinical course and treatment outcomes for ITP are considerably heterogeneous. Higher platelet counts at diagnosis in adults and age ≥ 6 years in children were associated with an increased risk of chronicity.


Assuntos
Benzoatos/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Hidrazinas/administração & dosagem , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/administração & dosagem , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/terapia , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Rituximab , Esplenectomia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237665, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866166

RESUMO

AIMS: Inflammation plays a pivotal role in atherothrombosis. Colchicine is an anti-inflammatory drug that may attenuate this process. Cardiovascular protective effects of anti-inflammatory drugs, however, seem to be limited to patients with a biochemical response. We therefore investigated whether short-term exposure to colchicine reduced inflammatory markers and whether additional laboratory changes occur in patients with chronic coronary artery disease. METHODS & RESULTS: In 138 consecutive patients with chronic coronary artery disease and a high sensitivity C-reactive Protein (hs-CRP) ≥ 2 mg/L, inflammatory markers, lipids, haematologic parameters and renal function were measured at baseline and after 30 days exposure to colchicine 0.5mg once daily. Hs-CRP decreased from baseline 4.40 mg/L (interquartile range [IQR] 2.83-6.99 mg/L) to 2.33 mg/L (IQR 1.41-4.17, median of the differences -1.66 mg/L, 95% confidence interval [CI] -2.17 - -1.22 mg/L, p-value <0.01), corresponding to a median change from baseline of -40%. Interleukin-6 decreased from 2.51 ng/L (IQR 1.59-4.32 ng/L) to 2.22 ng/L (median of the differences -0.36 ng/L, 95%CI -0.70 - -0.01 ng/L, p-value 0.04), corresponding to a median change from baseline of -16%. No clinically relevant changes in lipid fractions were observed. Both leukocyte and thrombocyte count decreased (median change from baseline -7% and -4% respectively). Estimated glomerular filtration rate decreased with a mean change from baseline of -2%. CONCLUSION: In patients with chronic coronary artery disease and elevated hs-CRP, one-month exposure to colchicine 0.5 mg once daily was associated with a reduction of inflammatory markers. A small effect was seen on white blood cell count and platelet count, as well as a small decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Colchicina/administração & dosagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Colchicina/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/imunologia , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/sangue , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Inflamação/imunologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 68(10): 24-28, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978921

RESUMO

Objectives: A patient with liver stiffness by Vibration controlled Transient elastography(TE) <20 kPa and a platelet count >150,000/mm3 does not require screening endoscopy according to Baveno VI consensus. The Baveno consensus statement on esophageal varices screening has not been validated in the South Asian population. TE may not be widely available in resource limited areas. We tried to see whether easily available parameters could be used to predict high risk varices(HRV). Method: A cross-sectional study evaluating patients with liver stiffness >10 kPa who had endoscopy within 6 months of TE evaluation. Results: 375 patients who underwent TE and upper GI endoscopy over one year were included. Commonest etiology was HBV(42 %) followed by Hepatitis C(39%), NAFLD(9.1%) and alcohol(9%). 262 of the 266 patients satisfying Baveno VI consensus criteria for avoiding screening endoscopy did not have HRV. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV) and negative predictive value(NPV) was 96 %, 90 %, 74% and 99 % respectively and (AUC = 0.91). By using MELD 6 or MELD < 8 and platelet >150000/mm3 criteria, 67% endoscopies could have been circumvented. Using Baveno VI criteria, 70% endoscopies could have been circumvented. Conclusion: This study validates the Baveno VI consensus statement on esophageal variceal screening in cirrhosis, in a South Asian population. It also describes a new strategy using MELD 6 or MELD < 8 and platelet > 150000/mm3 in areas with limited resources where TE is not widely available.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/diagnóstico , Varizes Esofágicas e Gástricas/etiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Contagem de Plaquetas
9.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 20(1): 511, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887569

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that pregnant women and their fetuses may be particularly at risk for poor outcomes due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic. From the few case series that are available in the literature, women with high risk pregnancies have been associated with higher morbidity. It has been suggested that pregnancy induced immune responses and cardio-vascular changes can exaggerate the course of the COVID-19 infection. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year old Somalian woman (G2P1) presented with a nine-day history of shortness of breath, dry cough, myalgia, nausea, abdominal pain and fever. A nasopharyngeal swab returned positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Her condition rapidly worsened leading to severe liver and coagulation impairment. An emergency Caesarean section was performed at gestational week 32 + 6 after which the patient made a rapid recovery. Severe COVID-19 promptly improved by the termination of the pregnancy or atypical HELLP (Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes and Low Platelet Count) exacerbated by concomitant COVID-19 infection could not be ruled out. There was no evidence of vertical transmission. CONCLUSIONS: This case adds to the growing body of evidence which raises concerns about the possible negative maternal outcomes of COVID-19 infection during pregnancy and advocates for pregnant women to be recognized as a vulnerable group during the current pandemic.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/sangue , Cesárea , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Hepatopatias/sangue , Obesidade Materna , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/sangue , Adulto , Antitrombina III/metabolismo , Índice de Apgar , Betacoronavirus , Transtornos da Coagulação Sanguínea/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Síndrome HELLP/diagnóstico , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pandemias , Tempo de Tromboplastina Parcial , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/fisiopatologia , Suécia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
10.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(8): 1122-1127, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935808

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Easily accessible, inexpensive, and widely used laboratory tests that demonstrate the severity of COVID-19 are important. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between mortality in COVID-19 and platelet count, Mean Platelet Volume (MPV), and platelet distribution width. METHODS: In total, 215 COVID-19 patients were included in this study. The patients were divided into two groups. Patients with room air oxygen saturation < 90% were considered as severe COVID-19, and patients with ≥90% were considered moderate COVID-19. Patient medical records and the electronic patient data monitoring system were examined retrospectively. Analyses were performed using the SPSS statistical software. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. RESULTS: The patients' mean age was 64,32 ± 16,07 years. According to oxygen saturation, 81 patients had moderate and 134 had severe COVID-19. Our findings revealed that oxygen saturation at admission and the MPV difference between the first and third days of hospitalization were significant parameters in COVID-19 patients for predicting mortality. While mortality was 8.4 times higher in patients who had oxygen saturation under 90 % at hospital admission, 1 unit increase in MPV increased mortality 1.76 times. CONCLUSION: In addition to the lung capacity of patients, the mean platelet volume may be used as an auxiliary test in predicting the mortality in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Hematol Oncol ; 13(1): 120, 2020 09 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887634

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients diagnosed with COVID-19 may develop a pro-thrombotic state that places them at a dramatically increased lethal risk. Although platelet activation is critical for thrombosis and is responsible for the thrombotic events and cardiovascular complications, the role of platelets in the pathogenesis of COVID-19 remains unclear. METHODS: Using platelets from healthy volunteers, non-COVID-19 and COVID-19 patients, as well as wild-type and hACE2 transgenic mice, we evaluated the changes in platelet and coagulation parameters in COVID-19 patients. We investigated ACE2 expression and direct effect of SARS-CoV-2 virus on platelets by RT-PCR, flow cytometry, Western blot, immunofluorescence, and platelet functional studies in vitro, FeCl3-induced thrombus formation in vivo, and thrombus formation under flow conditions ex vivo. RESULTS: We demonstrated that COVID-19 patients present with increased mean platelet volume (MPV) and platelet hyperactivity, which correlated with a decrease in overall platelet count. Detectable SARS-CoV-2 RNA in the blood stream was associated with platelet hyperactivity in critically ill patients. Platelets expressed ACE2, a host cell receptor for SARS-CoV-2, and TMPRSS2, a serine protease for Spike protein priming. SARS-CoV-2 and its Spike protein directly enhanced platelet activation such as platelet aggregation, PAC-1 binding, CD62P expression, α granule secretion, dense granule release, platelet spreading, and clot retraction in vitro, and thereby Spike protein enhanced thrombosis formation in wild-type mice transfused with hACE2 transgenic platelets, but this was not observed in animals transfused with wild-type platelets in vivo. Further, we provided evidence suggesting that the MAPK pathway, downstream of ACE2, mediates the potentiating role of SARS-CoV-2 on platelet activation, and that platelet ACE2 expression decreases following SARS-COV-2 stimulation. SARS-CoV-2 and its Spike protein directly stimulated platelets to facilitate the release of coagulation factors, the secretion of inflammatory factors, and the formation of leukocyte-platelet aggregates. Recombinant human ACE2 protein and anti-Spike monoclonal antibody could inhibit SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein-induced platelet activation. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings uncovered a novel function of SARS-CoV-2 on platelet activation via binding of Spike to ACE2. SARS-CoV-2-induced platelet activation may participate in thrombus formation and inflammatory responses in COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/metabolismo , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/metabolismo , Trombose/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Betacoronavirus/genética , Células CACO-2 , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células PC-3 , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Agregação Plaquetária/imunologia , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Viral/sangue , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Trombose/virologia
12.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(9): 996-1000, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933633

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the value of cleaved lymphocytes in peripheral blood smear in assisting the early diagnosis of pertussis. METHODS: Nasopharyngeal swabs and peripheral blood samples were collected from 107 children with pertussis-like disease. PCR-flow fluorescent hybridization was used to detect the nucleic acids of Bordetella pertussis. Based on the detection results, the children were divided into two groups: pertussis (n=52) and non-pertussis (n=55). According to age, the pertussis group was divided into two subgroups: <1 year old (n=42) and ≥1 year old (n=10). According to disease severity, the pertussis group was divided into another two subgroups: mild (n=45) and severe (n=7). An automatic blood cell analyzer was used to determine peripheral blood cell counts. Wright's staining and peroxidase staining were used to observe and count cleaved lymphocytes under a microscope. RESULTS: Cleaved lymphocytes in peripheral blood were round with small cytoplast, less cytoplasm and cleaved or lobulated nuclei. According to the negative peroxidase staining results, these cells were confirmed as lymphocytes. Compared with the non-pertussis group, the pertussis group had significantly higher leukocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, platelet count, and percentage of cleaved lymphocytes (P<0.001). For the children with pertussis, the <1 year old subgroup had significantly higher lymphocyte percentage, platelet count, and percentage of cleaved lymphocytes than the ≥1 year old subgroup (P<0.05). The severe subgroup had slightly higher leukocyte count, lymphocyte percentage, platelet count, and percentage of cleaved lymphocytes than the mild subgroup (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The detection of cleaved lymphocytes combined with peripheral blood cell counts provides a new option for the early diagnosis of pertussis in children.


Assuntos
Coqueluche , Bordetella pertussis , Humanos , Lactente , Contagem de Leucócitos , Linfócitos , Contagem de Plaquetas
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66Suppl 2(Suppl 2): 65-70, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965359

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aims to evaluate changes in hematological parameters after the follow-up of patients who received treatment with favipiravir due to COVID-19 infections. METHODS: Sixty-two cases receiving favipiravir treatment for at least five days due to COVID-19 infection were evaluated retrospectively. Parameters including age, gender, nasopharyngeal swab positivity, and chronic diseases were analyzed. Hematologic parameters were analyzed before and after the treatment. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients receiving treatment with favipiravir was 63.7±12.3 years. Nasopharyngeal swab positivity was detected in 67.7%. The most common comorbid conditions detected in patients were hypertension in 25 cases (40.3%) and diabetes in 16 cases (25.8%). In the statistical analysis of the hematological parameters before and after treatment with favipiravir, WBC, PT-PTT-INR levels were found to be unaffected; the mean RBC was found to have decreased from 4.33 ± 0.58 M/uL to 4.16 ± 0.54 M/uL (p:0.003); the median hemoglobin level was found to have decreased from 12.3 g/dl to 11.9 g/dl (p:0.041); the hematocrit level decreased from 38.1% ± 4.8 to 36.9% ± 4.2 (p:0.026); the median neutrophil count decreased from 4.57 K/uL to 3.85 K/uL (p:0.001); the mean lymphocyte count increased from 1.22 ± 0.53 K/uL to 1.84 ± 1.19 K/uL (p:0.000); and the mean platelet count increased from 244.1 ± 85.1 K/uL to 281.9 ± 103.3 K/uL (p:0.005). CONCLUSION: We concluded that the pathological effect of treatment with favipiravir on the hematologic system was the suppression in the erythrocyte series, and there were no adverse effects in other hematologic parameters.


Assuntos
Amidas/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pirazinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0234106, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925920

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hematological reference intervals are important in clinical and diagnostic management for the assessment of health and disease conditions. Hematological reference intervals are better to be established based on gender and age differences as these are among the main affecting factors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to establish hematological reference intervals among apparently healthy adolescents aged 12-17 years in Mekelle City, Tigrai, Northern Ethiopia, 2019. METHOD: A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 249 adolescents aged 12-17 years from December 2018 to May 2019. About 4ml of blood sample was collected from each study participant using vacutainer tube containing K2EDTA. Hematological parameters were analyzed using Sysmex KX-21N hematology analyzer (Sysmex Corporation Kobe, Japan). Data were entered and analyzed using SPSS version 23. Both parametric and non-parametric analyses were used to calculate the median and 95% of reference intervals. The 97.5th and 2.5th percentiles were calculated using descriptive statistics for the upper and lower reference limits of the study participants. Differences in reference intervals between male and female participants were evaluated using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULT: Among the 249 participants 122 (49%) were males and 127 (51%) were females with the median age of 14.5 (range 12 to 17) years were recruited in this study. The median and the 95% reference intervals of hematological parameters were determined. The 95% RIs were: Red blood cells (1012/Liter) 4.6-5.9 (Males) and 4.3-5.6 (Females), White blood cells (109/Liter) 2.9-9.6 (Males) and 3.4-10.2 (Females), Hemoglobin (g/dl) 12.6-17.1 (Males) and 12-15.4 (Females), Platelets (109/Liter) 138-364 (Males) and 151-462 (Females). Almost all of the hematological parameters showed significant differences (p<0.05) across gender. CONCLUSION: The hematological reference intervals established in this study showed a difference based on gender. We suggest preparing and using distinct local reference intervals for males and females separately.


Assuntos
Testes Hematológicos , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Contagem de Eritrócitos , Etiópia , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos/normas , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Contagem de Plaquetas , Valores de Referência , Caracteres Sexuais
15.
Yonsei Med J ; 61(10): 851-859, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32975059

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Thrombocytopenia (platelet count <150×10³/µL) is associated with poor outcomes in various critical illness settings. However, the prognostic value of platelet count in patients with cardiogenic shock (CS) remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 1202 patients between January 2014 and December 2018 from a multicenter retrospective-prospective cohort registry of CS. Clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes were compared between the patients with and without thrombocytopenia. RESULTS: At presentation with CS, 244 (20.3%) patients had thrombocytopenia. The patients with thrombocytopenia had lower blood pressure, hemoglobin level, and worse liver and renal functions compared to the patients without. During hospitalization, the patients with thrombocytopenia had more frequent gastrointestinal bleeding (10.5% vs. 3.8%, p=0.009), sepsis (8.3% vs. 2.6%, p=0.013), requirement of renal replacement therapy (36.5% vs. 18.9%, p<0.001), requirement of mechanical ventilation (65.2% vs. 54.4%, p=0.003), longer intensive care unit stay (8 days vs. 4 days, p<0.001), and thirty-day mortality (40.2% vs. 28.5%, p<0.001) compared to those without. In addition, the platelet count was an independent predictor of 30-day mortality (per 103/µL decrease; adjusted hazard ratio: 1.002, 95% confidence interval: 1.000-1.003, p=0.021). CONCLUSION: Thrombocytopenia at CS presentation was associated with worse clinical findings, higher frequencies of complications, and longer stay at the intensive care unit. Also, thrombocytopenia was independently associated with increased 30-day mortality. (Clinical trial registration No. NCT02985008).


Assuntos
Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Registros/estatística & dados numéricos , Choque Cardiogênico , Trombocitopenia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Contagem de Plaquetas , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/epidemiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/mortalidade , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Trombocitopenia/diagnóstico , Trombocitopenia/mortalidade , Trombocitopenia/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 41(8): 637-642, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32942816

RESUMO

Objectives: To compare the efficacy of cyclosporin A (CsA) alone and CsA combined with recombined human thrombopoietin (rhTPO) in patients with non-severe aplastic anemia (NSAA) . Methods: Data from 83 patients with NSAA between August 2014 and February 2019 were collected retrospectively. The study population included 35 men and 48 women, with a median age of 45 years (14-85 years) . Among them, 57 had been treated with CsA + rhTPO, TPO was administered at 15 000 U QD for 7 days, once a month for 3 months, and the other 26 patients with compatible baseline characters were treated with CsA alone. All the enrolled patients had been treated with CsA for at least 6 months and were followed up for at least 1 year. The efficacy and outcome were compared between the two groups. Results: Total 23 men and 34 women, with a median age of 46 years (14-85 years) were treated with CsA + rhTPO. The median duration of CsA treatment was 17 (8-28) months, and the patients were followed up for a median of 27 (12-45) months. Total 12 men and 14 women, with a median age of 40 years (20-64) were treated with CsA alone. The median duration of CsA treatment was 19 months (9-30 months) , and the median follow-up duration was 29 months (16-66 months) . There was no significant difference in the baseline characteristics of the two groups (P>0.05) . There was no significant difference in the CR and OR rates of the two groups at 1, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment (P>0.05) . The change in the platelet level for the CsA + rhTPO treated group after 1 month[8 (-12-86) ×10(9)/L vs. 3 (16-57) ×10(9)/L, P=0.029) , 3 months[24 (-6-102) ×10(9)/L vs. 7 (-9-76) ×10(9)/L, P=0.006], and 6 months[33.5 (-4-123) ×10(9)/L vs. 12.5 (-14-109) ×10(9)/L, P=0.048] of treatment was higher than that in the CsA alone group, while no significant difference was found between the two groups at other time points. There was no significant difference in the change in the megakaryocyte level between the two groups[3 (0-4) vs. 2 (0-5) , z=-0.868, P=0.385] after 6 months of treatment. Apart from 10.5% (6/57) of the patients in the CsA + rhTPO treated group who reported soreness at the injection site, there was no other significant difference between the two groups in terms of adverse effects. During the follow-up period, there were two cases of increasing paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria clone to over 10%, one in the CsA + rhTPO treated group, the other in the CsA alone group; and there was one case of progression to SAA in the CsA + rhTPO treated group; while no case of death or thromboembolic event (TEE) , fibrosis or reticulin proliferation, progression to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) , or acute myeloid leukemia was observed in either group. There was one case of progression to SAA in the CsA + rhTPO treated group but none in the CsA alone group. Conclusion: Compared to CsA alone, CsA + rhTPO treatment can accelerate the recovery of the platelet level with acceptable adverse effects.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica , Ciclosporina/uso terapêutico , Trombopoetina/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Proteínas Recombinantes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 584, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become a major health event that endangers people health throughout China and the world. Understanding the factors associated with COVID-19 disease severity could support the early identification of patients with high risk for disease progression, inform prevention and control activities, and potentially reduce mortality. This study aims to describe the characteristics of patients with COVID-19 and factors associated with severe or critically ill presentation in Jiangsu province, China. METHODS: Multicentre retrospective cohort study of all individuals with confirmed Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections diagnosed at 24 COVID-19-designated hospitals in Jiangsu province between the 10th January and 15th March 2020. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and radiological data were collected at hospital admission and data on disease severity were collected during follow-up. Patients were categorised as asymptomatic/mild/moderate, and severe/critically ill according to the worst level of COVID-19 recorded during hospitalisation. RESULTS: A total of 625 patients, 64 (10.2%) were severe/critically ill and 561 (89.8%) were asymptomatic/mild/moderate. All patients were discharged and no patients died. Patients with severe/critically ill COVID-19 were more likely to be older, to be single onset (i.e. not belong to a cluster of cases in a family/community, etc.), to have a medical history of hypertension and diabetes; had higher temperature, faster respiratory rates, lower peripheral capillary oxygen saturation (SpO2), and higher computer tomography (CT) image quadrant scores and pulmonary opacity percentage; had increased C-reactive protein, fibrinogen, and D-dimer on admission; and had lower white blood cells, lymphocyte, and platelet counts and albumin on admission than asymptomatic/mild/moderate cases. Multivariable regression showed that odds of being a severe/critically ill case were associated with age (year) (OR 1.06, 95%CI 1.03-1.09), lymphocyte count (109/L) (OR 0.25, 95%CI 0.08-0.74), and pulmonary opacity in CT (per 5%) on admission (OR 1.31, 95%CI 1.15-1.51). CONCLUSIONS: Severe or critically ill patients with COVID-19 is about one-tenths of patients in Jiangsu. Age, lymphocyte count, and pulmonary opacity in CT on admission were associated with risk of severe or critically ill COVID-19.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , China/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2649-2655, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32755456

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We conducted this study to investigate the prevalence and distribution of cerebral microbleeds and leukoencephalopathy in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and correlate with clinical, laboratory, and functional outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 4131 COVID-19 positive adult patients who were admitted to 3 tertiary care hospitals of an academic medical center at the epicenter of the COVID-19 pandemic in New York City from March 1, 2020, to May 10, 2020, to identify patients who had magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain. We evaluated the MRIs in detail, and identified a subset of patients with leukoencephalopathy and/or cerebral microbleeds. We compared clinical, laboratory, and functional outcomes for these patients to patients who had a brain MRI that did not show these findings. RESULTS: Of 115 patients who had an MRI of the brain performed, 35 (30.4%) patients had leukoencephalopathy and/or cerebral microbleeds. Patients with leukoencephalopathy and/or cerebral microbleeds had neuroimaging performed later during the hospitalization course (27 versus 10.6 days; P<0.001), were clinically sicker at the time of brain MRI (median GCS 6 versus 14; P<0.001), and had higher peak D-dimer levels (8018±6677 versus 3183±3482; P<0.001), lower nadir platelet count (116.9±62.2 versus 158.3±76.2; P=0.03), higher peak international normalized ratio (2.2 versus 1.57; P<0.001) values when compared with patients who had a brain MRI that did not show these findings. They required longer ventilator support (34.6 versus 9.1 days; P<0.001) and were more likely to have moderate and severe acute respiratory distress syndrome score (88.6% versus 23.8%, P<0.001). These patients had longer hospitalizations (42.1 versus 20.9 days; P<0.001), overall worse functional status on discharge (mRS 5 versus 4; P=0.001), and higher mortality (20% versus 9%; P=0.144). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of leukoencephalopathy and/or cerebral microbleeds is associated with a critical illness, increased mortality, and worse functional outcome in patients with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Leucoencefalopatias/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Idoso , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estado Terminal , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Hospitalização , Humanos , Coeficiente Internacional Normatizado , Tempo de Internação , Leucoencefalopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Leucoencefalopatias/epidemiologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Respiração Artificial/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 580, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue virus (DENV) causes the hospitalisation of an estimated 500,000 people every year. Outbreaks can severely stress healthcare systems, especially in rural settings. It is difficult to discriminate patients who need to be hospitalized from those that do not. Earlier work identified thrombocyte count and subsequent function as a promising prognostic marker of DENV severity. Herein, we investigated the potential of quantitative thrombocyte function tests in those admitted in the very early phase of acute DENV infections, using Multiplate™ multiple-electrode aggregometry to explore its potential in triage. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study all patients aged ≥13 admitted to Universitas Airlangga Hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia with a fever (≥38 °C) between 25 January and 1 August 2018 and with a clinical suspicion of DENV, were eligible for inclusion. Exclusion criteria were a thrombocyte count below 100 × 109/L and the use of any medication with a known anticoagulant effect, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and acetyl salicylic acid. Clinical data was collected and blood was taken on admission, day 1 and day 7. Samples were tested for acute DENV, using Panbio NS1 ELISA. Platelet aggregation using ADP-, TRAP- and COL-test were presented as Area Under the aggregation Curve (AUC). Significance was tested between DENV+, probably DENV, fever of another origin, and healthy controls (HC). RESULTS: A total of 59 patients (DENV+ n = 10, DENV probable n = 25, fever other origin n = 24) and 20 HC were included. We found a significantly lower thrombocyte aggregation in the DENV+ group, compared with both HCs and the fever of another origin group (p < .001). Low ADP AUC values on baseline correlated to a longer hospital stay in DENV+ and probable DENV cases. CONCLUSION: Thrombocyte aggregation induced by Adenosine diphosphate, Collagen and Thrombin receptor activating peptide-6 is impaired in human DENV cases, compared with healthy controls and other causes of fever. This explorative study provides insights to thrombocyte function in DENV patients and could potentially serve as a future marker in DENV disease.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/metabolismo , Vírus da Dengue/imunologia , Dengue/diagnóstico , Dengue/epidemiologia , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Testes Imediatos , Difosfato de Adenosina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Colágeno/metabolismo , Dengue/virologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Febre/diagnóstico , Humanos , Indonésia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Agregação Plaquetária , Contagem de Plaquetas , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
20.
Epidemiol Infect ; 148: e175, 2020 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32782035

RESUMO

Our study aimed to systematically analyse the risk factors of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with severe disease. An electronic search in eight databases to identify studies describing severe or critically ill COVID-19 patients from 1 January 2020 to 3 April 2020. In the end, we meta-analysed 40 studies involving 5872 COVID-19 patients. The average age was higher in severe COVID-19 patients (weighted mean difference; WMD = 10.69, 95%CI 7.83-13.54). Patients with severe disease showed significantly lower platelet count (WMD = -18.63, 95%CI -30.86 to -6.40) and lymphocyte count (WMD = -0.35, 95%CI -0.41 to -0.30) but higher C-reactive protein (CRP; WMD = 42.7, 95%CI 31.12-54.28), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH; WMD = 137.4, 95%CI 105.5-169.3), white blood cell count(WBC), procalcitonin(PCT), D-dimer, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and creatinine(Cr). Similarly, patients who died showed significantly higher WBC, D-dimer, ALT, AST and Cr but similar platelet count and LDH as patients who survived. These results indicate that older age, low platelet count, lymphopenia, elevated levels of LDH, ALT, AST, PCT, Cr and D-dimer are associated with severity of COVID-19 and thus could be used as early identification or even prediction of disease progression.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Linfopenia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Creatinina/sangue , Estado Terminal , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/metabolismo , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfopenia/sangue , Pandemias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Trombocitopenia/sangue
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