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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 583, 2024 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38764030

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endocrown in pediatric dentistry was rooted in the fundamental principles of preserving healthy dental tissues, leveraging contemporary adhesive methodologies. AIM: This research aimed on assessing and comparing the fracture resistance of pulpotomized primary molars when rehabilitated with zirconia crowns and two distinct types of endocrowns, namely E-Max and Brilliant Crios. METHODS: The study involved thirty, anonymized, freshly extracted second primary molars that underwent pulpotomy. These teeth were then evenly divided into three groups, each consisting of ten specimens: the zirconia crown, the E-Max endocrown, and the Brilliant Crios endocrown groups. Post-pulpotomy, the teeth were prepared for their respective restorations. Subsequent to this preparation, the zirconia crowns, E-Max endocrowns, and Brilliant Crios endocrowns were secured. To evaluate the fracture resistance using a computer-controlled testing machine (Instron), a progressively increasing load was applied to each group until fracture occurred. The gathered data were then analyzed for outliers and subjected to normality testing using the Shapiro-Wilk and/or Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, with a significance threshold set at 0.05. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in fracture resistance of pulpotomized primary molars among lithium disilicate (E-Max) group (mean=1367.59N), Brilliant Crios group (mean=1349.73N) and zirconia group (mean=1240.82N). CONCLUSION: Endocrowns can be considered a promising restoration for pulpotomized primary molars.


Assuntos
Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Dente Molar , Pulpotomia , Dente Decíduo , Zircônio , Humanos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Pulpotomia/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Cerâmica/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Teste de Materiais
2.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(4 (Supple-4)): S37-S42, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38712407

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of the review is to evaluate the existing precision of artificial intelligence (AI) in detecting Marginal Bone Loss (MBL) around prosthetic crowns using 2-Dimentional radiographs. It also summarises the recent advances and future challenges associated to their clinical application. Methodology: A literature survey of electronic databases was conducted in November 2023 to recognize the relevant articles. MeSH terms/keywords were used to search ("panoramic" OR "pantomogram" OR "orthopantomogram" OR "opg" OR "periapical") AND ("artificial intelligence" OR "deep" OR "machine" OR "automated" OR "learning") AND ("periodontal bone loss") AND ("prosthetic crown") in PubMed database, SCOPUS, COCHRANE library, EMBASE, CINAHL and Science Direct. RESULTS: The searches identified 49 relevant articles, of them 5 articles met the inclusion criteria were included. The outcomes measured were sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of AI models versus manual detection in panoramic and intraoral radiographs. Few studies reported no significant difference between AI and manual detection, whereas majority demonstrated the superior ability of AI in detecting MBL. CONCLUSIONS: AI models show promising accuracy in analysing complex datasets and generate accurate predictions in the MBL around fixed prosthesis. However, these models are still in the developmental phase. Therefore, it is crucial to assess the effectiveness and reliability of these models before recommending their use in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar , Inteligência Artificial , Humanos , Perda do Osso Alveolar/diagnóstico por imagem , Perda do Osso Alveolar/etiologia , Coroas/efeitos adversos , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 545, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730391

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This Finite Element Analysis was conducted to analyze the biomechanical behaviors of titanium base abutments and several crown materials with respect to fatigue lifetime and stress distribution in implants and prosthetic components. METHODS: Five distinct designs of implant-supported single crowns were modeled, including a polyetheretherketone (PEEK), polymer-infiltrated ceramic network, monolithic lithium disilicate, and precrystallized and crystallized zirconia-reinforced lithium silicates supported by a titanium base abutment. For the static load, a 100 N oblique load was applied to the buccal incline of the palatal cusp of the maxillary right first premolar. The dynamic load was applied in the same way as in static loading with a frequency of 1 Hz. The principal stresses in the peripheral bone as well as the von Mises stresses and fatigue strength of the implants, abutments, prosthetic screws, and crowns were assessed. RESULTS: All of the models had comparable von Mises stress values from the implants and abutments, as well as comparable maximum and minimum principal stress values from the cortical and trabecular bones. The PEEK crown showed the lowest stress (46.89 MPa) in the cervical region. The prosthetic screws and implants exhibited the highest von Mises stress among the models. The lithium disilicate crown model had approximately 9.5 times more cycles to fatique values for implants and 1.7 times more cycles to fatique values for abutments than for the lowest ones. CONCLUSIONS: With the promise of at least ten years of clinical success and favorable stress distributions in implants and prosthetic components, clinicians can suggest using an implant-supported lithium disilicate crown with a titanium base abutment.


Assuntos
Benzofenonas , Coroas , Dente Suporte , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Análise de Elementos Finitos , Titânio , Titânio/química , Humanos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Polietilenoglicóis/química , Materiais Dentários/química , Polímeros , Cetonas/química , Zircônio/química , Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Teste de Materiais , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
4.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 25: 1, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775099

RESUMO

AIM: Prosthetic rehabilitation of deciduous teeth in paediatric age using pre-formed crowns has been considered one of the best methods of dental restoration since their introduction. Their main advantages are related to durability, longevity and a low rate of recurrent cavities. Since stainless steel crowns do not coincide with aesthetic needs of parents and patients, preformed paedodontic crowns made of zirconia and nano-hybrid composite was introduced. The aim of the study is to evaluate the degree of wear on the enamel and on themselves of the different paedodontic crowns. MATERIALS: Nine bovine teeth and nine paedodontic crowns for deciduous molars were selected for the study, three of which in zirconia, three in nano-hybrid composite and three in stainless steel. Wear test was carried out on the Rtech™ Instruments tribometer applying a force of 50 N. After that, both the bovine teeth and the paedodontic crowns were observed using a stereo microscope (Zeiss Stemi C-500) and a scanning electron microscope (SEM, Cambridge Stereoscan 440). The areas of wear were calculated with a software [ImageJ, version 1x, Wayne Rasband, Maryland, USA]. CONCLUSION: Pre-formed paediatric crowns in zirconia, nano-hybrid composite and stainless steel are a valid aid for the restoration of deciduous teeth and do not compromise the physiological wear characteristic of the phases of the dental exchange. The stainless steel crown is preferable for the restorations in the posterior sectors as its behaviour is the most similar to that of a natural tooth. Zirconia and nano-hybrid composite crowns showed an inversely proportional behaviour between their wear volume and that of the opposing tooth.


Assuntos
Coroas , Aço Inoxidável , Dente Decíduo , Zircônio , Bovinos , Zircônio/química , Aço Inoxidável/química , Animais , Humanos , Resinas Compostas/química , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Desgaste de Restauração Dentária , Materiais Dentários/química , Esmalte Dentário , Desgaste dos Dentes , Criança
5.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 46-51, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755981

RESUMO

Indirect pulp therapy (IPT) is a common conservative treatment for deep dental caries. However, the potential risk factors for the prognosis of IPT have not been well studied. This study retrospectively investigated the success rate of IPT in treating primary molars with deep caries and the factors potentially affecting the two-year success rate. A total of 303 primary molars in 202 children (106 boys and 96 girls) were included in this study. These primary molars were identified as having deep caries by clinical and radiographic examinations and were treated with IPT. The factors potentially affecting the IPT success rate were analyzed after two years of follow-up. The results indicated that the two-year IPT success rate was 86% (262/303). The success rate of primary molars with and without stainless steel crowns was 96% (120/125) and 80% (142/178), respectively. Primary molars treated with stainless steel crowns showed a significantly lower risk of failure (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.18, 95% confidence interval (CI): (0.10, 0.34), p = 0.01). There were no significant differences in other factors, including gender (male vs. female), age (preschool vs. school age), cooperation level (Frankl 2 vs. 3 or 4 scales), arch type (maxillary vs. mandibular), tooth type (first vs. second primary molar), or pulp capping material (calcium hydroxide vs. glass ionomer cement). IPT is an effective, conservative treatment modality for primary molars with deep caries. Stainless steel crowns could significantly improve the IPT success rate.


Assuntos
Coroas , Cárie Dentária , Dente Molar , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Aço Inoxidável , Resultado do Tratamento , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Seguimentos
6.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 177-181, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755997

RESUMO

Patients being reported for vitamin D deficiency (VDD) are increasing, particularly among the children and adolescents. This study aims to manifest the clinical and dental evaluations of a child with VDD, referred to the dental office. A 10-year-old British Asian boy was referred to the paediatric specialist dentistry clinic by the general dentist for dental management. The medical history depicted that the patient was diagnosed with VDD, secondary hyperparathyroidism and delayed growth. Moreover, his mother had the VDD during pregnancy. The patient was breast fed and had rickets in infancy. He was prescribed vitamin D supplements at the age of 16 months. He had received multiple dental treatments under local anaesthesia but with limited cooperation. Clinical examination revealed that the patient had chronological enamel hypoplasia shown as bands at the occlusal third on specific teeth. Suboptimal hygiene with general plaque induced gingivitis, dental caries in permanent and primary teeth, and delayed the teeth eruption. Preventions included appropriate oral hygiene and dietary advice, fluoride varnish application and fissure sealant placement. The treatments included anterior direct composite restoration, posterior composite restoration, stainless steel crowns and extractions. Thorough medical history is essential to understand the underlying causes of dental defects. Early dental intervention can restore the patient appearance and function and prevent further dental damage.


Assuntos
Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário , Deficiência de Vitamina D , Humanos , Masculino , Hipoplasia do Esmalte Dentário/etiologia , Criança , Deficiência de Vitamina D/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/complicações , Hiperparatireoidismo Secundário/etiologia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Selantes de Fossas e Fissuras/uso terapêutico , Transtornos do Crescimento/etiologia , Coroas , Raquitismo/complicações , Gengivite , Gravidez , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Feminino , Extração Dentária
7.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(5): 298, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38702521

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To assess the long-term clinical performance of ceramic in-/onlays (CIOs) and cast gold partial crowns (CGPCs) in posterior teeth in terms of success, survival, complications (biological, technical) and quality. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a retrospective study, a total of 325 patients were recorded after up to 24.8 years (mean 13.9 ± 3.8 years) having (pre-)molars restored with CIO (Empress I, Ivoclar Vivadent, n = 161) and CGPC (Degunorm, DeguDent, n = 164) by supervised undergraduate students. A total of 296 restorations were assessed clinically and radiologically in healthy and endodontically treated teeth using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) criteria. Cumulative success and survival rates of the restorations were calculated using Kaplan-Meier estimates. Biological and technical complications were recorded. Status of oral health comprising caries risk and localized periodontitis were assessed. RESULTS: The cumulative success rates of CIOs were 92.1% and of CGPCs 84.2% after mean service times of 14.5 years. The annual failure rates of total service times were 0.5% in teeth restored with CIO (n = 155) and 0.7% in teeth restored with CGPC (n = 163). The cumulative survival rates of CIOs were 93.9% after a mean service time of 15.2 years and decreased to 91.7% after 23.5 years. The cumulative survival rates of CGPCs were 92.6% after a mean service time of 14.9 years and 91.8% after 23.5 years. Complications in CIOs (n = 149) were ceramic fracture (6.7%), secondary caries (4.7%), endodontic complication (2.7%) and tooth fracture (1.3%) compared to CGPCs (n = 147) with endodontic complication (8.8%), secondary caries (4.8%) and decementation (2.0%). Endodontically treated teeth restored with CIO or CGPC revealed significantly less often success compared with corresponding vital teeth (p = .02). CIOs and CGPCs revealed clinically and radiographically good and excellent qualities with 71.8% (107/149) and 68% (100/147) without any significant differences regarding type of restoration. CONCLUSIONS: Both CIOs and CGPCs achieved high survival rates up to 24.8 years when performed by supervised undergraduate students. The longevity of the restorations may benefit from the intraoral repair of accessible defects and, in case of pulp infection or necrosis, an adequate endodontic management. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: CIOs and CGPCs made by supervised undergraduate students are proper restoration types in posterior teeth in the long-term. An adequate preparation design, meticulous care in the inserting technique and constant biofilm removal due to proper oral hygiene combined with professional maintenance care are substantial. The clinical long-term performance was mostly limited by ceramic fractures in CIOs and endodontic complications in CGPCs.


Assuntos
Coroas , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Restaurações Intracoronárias , Cerâmica , Ligas de Ouro , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Porcelana Dentária/química , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Dente não Vital , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(3): 59-67, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38755983

RESUMO

The importance of aesthetics in children has increased over time. Therefore, this multicenter randomized clinical trial aimed to analyze and compare three-dimensional (3D)-printed resin crowns (RCs) as a potential alternative to stainless-steel crowns (SSCs) for restoring primary molars with extensive carious lesions. According to the null hypothesis, no statistically significant difference was observed in restoration failure between RC and SSC groups. A total of 56 primary molars after pulp treatment at two dental hospitals were included. After pulp treatment, the teeth were randomly divided into two groups: SSCs (n = 28) and RCs (n = 28). At 1 week and 3, 6 and 12 months, the Quigley-Hein plaque index (QHI), gingival index (GI), occlusal wear, and survival rate were assessed by examination, radiography and alginate impressions. No significant difference in QHI was observed between the two groups. However, the GI at 12 months and occlusal wear in the RC group were significantly higher than those in the SSC group (p < 0.05). The survival rates were 100% in the SSC group and 82.1% in the RC group (p = 0.047). Cracks and discoloration were also observed in the RCs. Within the limitations of this study, 3D-printed RCs are aesthetically superior to SSCs and clinically easy to repair. However, if clinical effectiveness and safety are improved, RCs could potentially become a viable aesthetic alternative in the future.


Assuntos
Coroas , Dente Molar , Impressão Tridimensional , Aço Inoxidável , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Criança , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Pré-Escolar , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Índice Periodontal , Falha de Restauração Dentária
9.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 19(2): 140-150, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726856

RESUMO

The present technical article describes a protocol to digitally reproduce the emergence profile of an interim implant prosthesis (IP) and to transfer its macrogeometry into the definitive restoration. The purpose of this protocol was to minimize alterations in the gingival architecture developed during the interim restorative phase of a single implant that could potentially jeopardize its esthetic outcome. The process included obtaining an intraoral scan with the interim IP in situ, a duplicate of this intraoral scan that was used to capture the exact position of the implant, and an extraoral scan of the prosthesis. These data could then be imported into IOS software to create a model where the patients' soft tissue was incorporated with precision, allowing for the fabrication of a definitive crown with an optimal soft tissue adaptation. As there are few articles in the scientific literature that have reported a consistent method to replicate the emergence profile of an interim IP, the present technical article aims to highlight the potential of utilizing the emergence profile of an interim IP created by IOS software.


Assuntos
Software , Humanos , Estética Dentária , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante/métodos , Restauração Dentária Temporária/métodos , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária/métodos , Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente
10.
Int J Esthet Dent ; 19(2): 112-124, 2024 May 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38726854

RESUMO

AIM: The present study was a retrospective medium- to long-term follow-up assessment of the clinical outcomes of patients rehabilitated with fixed prostheses according to the biologically oriented preparation technique (BOPT) principles. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical records of patients rehabilitated between January 2007 and December 2014 were retrospectively assessed. Patients whose records met the inclusion criteria were also recalled for a hygiene visit. Data analyzed included the patients' periodontal condition, the presence of gingival recessions as well as any technical or biologic prosthetic complication. RESULTS: Fifty-eight patients were recalled; of these, 52 patients who had received 220 crowns were available for the evaluation (the dropout being 13.8%). The average follow-up was 9.3 years (range 5 to 13 years): 14 patients (114 prosthetic crowns) had a follow-up between 5 and 8 years, and 36 patients (106 prosthetic crowns) between 9 and 13 years. The prosthetic survival rate was 99.6%. One radicular fracture (0.4%) and four chippings of the veneering porcelain (1.8%) were recorded. Six teeth (2.7% of the examined prosthetic crowns) presented gingival recession of < 1 mm, and 13 teeth (24 sites) had a pocket probing depth of 4 mm (5.9% of the prosthetic crowns/1.8% of the sites). Finally, 20 sites (1.5%) in seven teeth (3.2%) showed bleeding on probing. CONCLUSIONS: Tooth preparation according to the BOPT principles (ie, with a vertical finishing line) resulted in medium- to long-term periodontal health and stability of the gingival tissue, and prosthetic success was maintained.


Assuntos
Retração Gengival , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Seguimentos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Retração Gengival/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Coroas
11.
Swiss Dent J ; 134(1): 84-104, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38739045

RESUMO

The aim of the treatment of this case was to restore the form, function and aesthetics of all teeth in a patient with amelogenesis imperfecta within the age limit of the disability insurance (IV). Single-tooth zirconia crowns were selected as the treatment of choice and cemented with a conventional glass ionomer cement. For the maintenance of the oral rehabilitation and the protection of the reconstructions a michigan splint was produced and instructed to be carried over night.


Assuntos
Amelogênese Imperfeita , Coroas , Humanos , Amelogênese Imperfeita/reabilitação , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Zircônio , Feminino , Masculino , Estética Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Placas Oclusais
12.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 25(3): 213-220, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38690692

RESUMO

AIM: The objective of this study was to assess marginal bone level around single implants inserted in fresh extraction sockets in the anterior maxillary region and instantly restored with computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing customized temporary crowns cemented on the final abutment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 20 patients (15 females and 5 males, with a mean age of 30 years), where 20 were placed in fresh extraction sockets. After raising a full-thickness flap, atraumatic extraction was performed the implant site was prepared and fixtures were stabilized on the palatal bone wall. The implant location was immediately transmitted to the prepared master model using the pick-up impression coping seated in the surgical guide template. Prefabricated abutments were used as the final abutment on the master model, scanned and the crown was planned using computer-aided manufacturing customized software. Later on 8th weeks, abutments were torqued as per the manufacturer's recommendation, and the final crowns were cemented. Using personalized intraoral radiographs marginal bone level was evaluated mesially and distally to the implant shoulder as a reference at implant placement, 8 weeks, 1, 3, 5, and 10 years after loading. RESULTS: Wholly implants were osteo-integrated positively after 10 years of practical loading, but only 18 were available for clinical and radiological follow-up, and 2 patients with two implants were excluded from the study due to relocation abroad without any implant failure. The average marginal bone loss (MBL) in the current report was 0.16 ± 0.167 mm at crown cementation, 0.275 ± 0.171 mm after 1 year, 0.265 ± 0.171 mm after 3 years, 0.213 ± 0.185 mm after 5 years, and 0.217 ± 0.194 mm at 10 years. CONCLUSION: The strategy of inserting and not removing the final abutment at the time of implant placement facilitates the establishment of adequate attachment of both soft and hard tissues to the abutment surface, ensuring uninterrupted organization of tissue architecture and offers advantages in helping maintain soft tissue maturation and preventing marginal bone level. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Immediately loaded implants in freshly extracted sockets lead to a significant reduction in marginal ridge resorption. The use of a temporary crown on a prefabricated abutment, exclusive of successive abutment manipulation, proved effective in preserving the primarily founding blood clot and served as a prototype for shaping the soft tissue around the previously wounded gum. How to cite this article: Berberi A, El Zoghbi A, Aad G, et al. Immediate Loading Using the Digitalized Customized Restoration of Single-tooth Implants Placed in Fresh Extraction Sockets in the Aesthetic Anterior Maxilla: A 10-Year Prospective Study of Marginal Bone Level. J Contemp Dent Pract 2024;25(3):213-220.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário , Maxila , Alvéolo Dental , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Prospectivos , Maxila/cirurgia , Adulto , Carga Imediata em Implante Dentário/métodos , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Perda do Osso Alveolar , Dente Suporte , Estética Dentária , Extração Dentária , Prótese Dentária Fixada por Implante , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Projeto do Implante Dentário-Pivô , Adulto Jovem
13.
Am J Dent ; 37(2): 85-90, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38704851

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical performances of two lithium disilicate systems (Initial LiSi press vs Initial LiSi Block, GC Co.) using modified United States Public Health Service (USPHS) evaluation criteria and survival rates after 4 years of clinical service. METHODS: Partial adhesive crowns on natural abutment posterior teeth were made on 60 subjects who were randomly divided into two groups: Group 1: Initial LiSi press and Group 2: Initial LiSi Block. Fabrication of partial crowns was made with full analog and digital procedure in Groups 1 and 2 respectively. The restorations were followed-up for 1 and 4 years, and the modified USPHS evaluation was performed at baseline and each recall together with periodontal evaluation. Contingency tables to assess for significant differences of success over time in each group and time-dependent Cox regression to test for differences between the two groups were used and the level of significance was set at P< 0.05. RESULTS: Regarding modified USPHS scores, all evaluated parameters showed Alpha or Bravo and no Charlie was recorded. No statistically significant difference emerged between the two groups in any of the assessed variables (P> 0.05). No statistically significant difference between scores recorded at the baseline and each recall. All modified USPHS scores were compatible with the outcome of clinical success and no one restoration was replaced or repaired, and the survival rate was 100% after 4 years of clinical service. No difference was found between traditional and digital procedure to fabricate the crowns. The two lithium disilicate materials showed similar results after 4 years of clinical service. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The crowns made with the two tested lithium disilicate materials with analog and digital procedures showed 100% survival after 4 years of clinical service with no statistically significant difference using the modified USPHS scores.


Assuntos
Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Humanos , Porcelana Dentária/química , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Seguimentos
14.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 42(1): 37-45, 2024 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616425

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this clinical trial was to assess and compare the clinical outcomes of Bioflx crowns (BFCs) with stainless steel crowns (SSCs) in primary molars (PMs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective split-mouth randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted between March 2022 and June 2023. Thirty-eight patients (17 females and 21 males) with a mean age of 5.21 years participated in this study. Each child (n = 38) received both SSC and BFC. Clinical and radiographic follow-up was performed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months using the modified United States Public Health System scoring criteria to evaluate various parameters. RESULTS: At the 3 and 6 months' follow-up, no significant difference was observed between the two groups. However, at 1-year follow-up, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) was evident in the frequency between the two groups for the criteria of crown retention after cementation and anatomic form of the crown, indicating a preference for SSC over prototype 1 BFC. CONCLUSION: The 12-month results indicate that BFC performed similarly to the established SSC for the restoration of PMs providing better esthetics.


Assuntos
Boca , Aço Inoxidável , Criança , Feminino , Masculino , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Estudos Prospectivos , Coroas , Dente Molar
15.
J Mech Behav Biomed Mater ; 154: 106536, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38579394

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to conduct a comparison of trueness and physical and surface properties among five distinct types of additive manufactured (AM) zirconia crowns and zirconia crowns produced using the subtractive manufacturing (SM). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Zirconia crowns were fabricated using five distinct techniques, each varying in the method of slurry transfer and photocuring source. Each experimental group utilized either one of the four digital light processing (DLP)-based techniques (DLP spreading, DLP spreading gradation, DLP vat and DLP circular spreading) or the stereolithography (SLA)-based technique (SLA spreading). The control (CON) group employed SM. To assess accuracy, trueness was measured between the scan and reference data. To analyze the physical properties, voids were examined using high-energy spiral micro-computed tomography scans, and the crystal structure analysis was performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD). Surface roughness was assessed through laser scanning microscopy. RESULTS: Differences in the trueness of internal surfaces of crowns were found among the groups (P < 0.05). Trueness varied across the measurement surfaces (occlusal, lateral, and marginal) in all the groups except for the DLP spreading gradation group (P < 0.05). Voids were observed in all AM groups. All groups showed similar XRD patterns. All AM groups showed significantly greater surface roughness compared to the CON group (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: The AM zirconia crowns showed bubbles and a rougher surface compared to the SM crowns. All groups exhibited typical zirconia traits and trueness levels within clinically acceptable limits, suggesting that current zirconia AM techniques could be suitable for dental applications.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Microtomografia por Raio-X , Zircônio , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301799, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38625846

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Marginal fit significantly impacts the long-term success of dental restorations. Different pattern fabrication methods, including hand-waxing, milling, or 3D printing, may affect restorations accuracy. The effect of porcelain firing cycles on the marginal fit of metal-ceramic restorations remains controversial, with conflicting findings across studies. PURPOSE: The aim was to evaluate the potential effects of multiple porcelain firings (3, 5, 7 cycles) as well as pattern fabrication method (conventional hand-waxing, milling, and 3D printing) on the marginal adaptation of 3-unit implant-supported metal-ceramic fixed partial dentures. It was hypothesized that neither the wax pattern fabrication method nor repeated ceramic firings would significantly affect the marginal adaptation of metal-ceramic crowns. METHODS: In this in-vitro study, 30 Cobalt-Chromium alloy frameworks were fabricated based on pattern made through three techniques: conventional hand-waxing, CAD-CAM milling, and CAD-CAM 3D printing (n = 10 per group). Sixteen locations were marked on each abutment to measure the vertical marginal gap at four stages: before porcelain veneering and after 3, 5, and 7 firing cycles. The vertical marginal gap was measured using direct microscopic technique at ×80 magnification. Mean vertical marginal gap values were calculated and two-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc tests were used for inter-group comparisons (α = 0.05). RESULTS: The 3D printing group showed significantly lower (P<0.001) mean vertical marginal gaps (60-76 µm) compared to the milling (77-115 µm) and conventional hand-waxing (102-110 µm) groups. The milling group exhibited a significant vertical gap increase after 3 firing cycles (P<0.001); while the conventional (P = 0.429) and 3D printing groups (P = 0.501) showed no significant changes after 7 firing cycles. Notably, the vertical marginal gap in all groups remained below the clinically acceptable threshold of 120 µm. CONCLUSION: CAD-CAM 3D printing provided superior marginal fit compared to CAD-CAM milling and conventional hand-wax pattern fabrication methods. The impact of porcelain firing on the mean marginal gap was significant only in the milling group. All three fabrication techniques yielded clinically acceptable vertical marginal adaptation after repeated firings. Additive manufacturing holds promise to produce precise implant-supported prostheses.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Porcelana Dentária , Impressão Tridimensional , Prótese Parcial Fixa , Ligas Metalo-Cerâmicas , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Coroas
17.
J Dent ; 144: 104987, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580056

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether post-milling firing and material type affect the fabrication trueness and internal fit of lithium disilicate crowns. METHODS: A prefabricated cobalt chromium abutment was digitized to design a mandibular right first molar crown. This design file was used to fabricate crowns from different lithium disilicate ceramics (nano-lithium disilicate (AM), fully crystallized lithium disilicate (IN), advanced lithium disilicate (TS), and lithium disilicate (EX)) (n = 10). Crowns, the abutment, and the crowns when seated on the abutment were digitized by using an intraoral scanner. Fabrication trueness was assessed by using the root mean square method, while the internal fit was evaluated according to the triple scan method. These processes were repeated after the post-milling firing of AM, TS, and EX. Paired samples t-tests were used to analyze the effect of post-milling firing within AM, TS, and EX, while all materials were compared with 1-way analysis of variance and Tukey HSD tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Post-milling firing reduced the surface deviations and internal gap of AM and EX (P ≤ 0.014). AM mostly had higher deviations and internal gaps than other materials (P ≤ 0.030). CONCLUSIONS: Post-milling firing increased the trueness and internal fit of tested nano-lithium disilicate and lithium disilicate ceramics. Nano-lithium disilicate mostly had lower trueness and higher internal gap; however, the maximum meaningful differences among tested materials were small. Therefore, the adjustment duration and clinical fit of tested crowns may be similar. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Tested lithium disilicate ceramics may be suitable alternatives to one another in terms of fabrication trueness and internal fit, considering the small differences in measured deviations and internal gaps.


Assuntos
Desenho Assistido por Computador , Coroas , Porcelana Dentária , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Porcelana Dentária/química , Humanos , Dente Suporte , Cerâmica/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Materiais Dentários/química , Adaptação Marginal Dentária , Ligas de Cromo/química
18.
J Dent ; 145: 105023, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38670331

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Multilayer monolithic zirconia (M-Zr) crowns can be engineered to achieve gradational translucency and color intensity. However, this modification may compromise the mechanical strength, raising concerns regarding the ability of M-Zr crowns to withstand occlusal stresses. The effects of M-Zr crown thickness on translucency and ability to endure occlusal forces were investigated at different tooth positions (incisors, premolars, and molars). The objective was to determine the minimal thickness of M-Zr crowns used in tooth preparation to meet aesthetic and functional demands. METHODS: M-Zr samples (Vita A1) with four thicknesses (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) were prepared and subjected to translucency testing using a digital colorimeter by 3-third and 9-square division methods. Crown-shaped M-Zr samples with three thicknesses (1.0, 1.5, and 2.0 mm) and three tooth positions (incisor, premolar, and molar) were digitally designed, and 2.0 mm metal abutments were fabricated. The samples were bonded to the abutments; their fracture characteristics were evaluated using a universal testing machine, and their fracture surfaces examined using an optical microscope. Statistical analyses included the Shapiro-Wilk test, Pearson correlation, and one-way and two-way ANOVA with a post hoc Tukey HSD test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Color analysis results revealed a significant negative correlation between thickness and translucency (r < -0.96, P < 0.01), with the highest values in the incisal region. Cross-sectional profiles confirmed the uniform thickness and morphology of the digitally designed M-Zr crowns. The results of fracture strength analysis showed position-dependent variability, a strong positive correlation with thickness (r > 0.96, P < 0.01), and fracture strengths consistently exceeding 1200 N across all tooth positions. Fracture patterns indicated that thinner crowns at the incisors and molars were more prone to cracking, whereas those at the premolars demonstrated significantly higher strength (4872.51 N, P < 0.05), only with crack or even no fracture occurring at 2.0 mm. CONCLUSIONS: Thickness significantly influenced both the translucency and fracture strength of M-Zr, with the tooth position playing an additional role, albeit to a lesser extent. Although thinner crowns exhibited lower strength at each tooth position, even at a thickness of 1.0 mm, fracture strength exceeding 1200 N was maintained, surpassing the typical occlusal forces. Thus, it can be asserted that M-Zr crowns with a minimum thickness of 1.0 mm can meet both aesthetic and functional requirements.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Coroas , Materiais Dentários , Planejamento de Prótese Dentária , Teste de Materiais , Zircônio , Zircônio/química , Humanos , Materiais Dentários/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Dente Molar , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Falha de Restauração Dentária , Cor , Dente Suporte , Força de Mordida , Incisivo , Porcelana Dentária/química , Estresse Mecânico
19.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 39(2): 243-253, 2024 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38657217

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To validate an innovative 3D volumetric method of evaluating tissue changes proposed by Lee et al in 2020 by comparing the results of this method-in which the scanned peri-implant surfaces were transformed, visualized, and analyzed as 3D objects-to the results reported by an existing method based on calculation of the mean distance between measured surfaces. The null hypothesis was that there was no statistically significant difference between the two methods. Additionally, the present study evaluated peri-implant tissue changes 5 years after single implant placement in the esthetic zone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both methods were applied to 11 oral implant site casts (6 maxillary central incisor sites, 5 maxillary lateral incisor sites) taken from 11 patients at crown placement and at follow-up examinations 5 years later. The methods are based on digital workflows in which the reference and 5-year casts are scanned and the resulting STL files are superimposed and analyzed for three regions of interest (mesial papilla, central area, and distal papilla). The volumetric changes reported by the Lee et al method and the mean distance method were calculated and compared using the Spearman rank correlation coefficient (P < .01) and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test (P < .05). RESULTS: The correlation between the two sets of measurements was very high (Spearman rank correlation coefficient = 0.885). The new volumetric method indicated a mean volume loss of 2.82 mm3 (SD: 5.06), while the method based on the measurement of mean distance showed a mean volume loss of 2.92 mm3 (SD: 4.43; Wilcoxon signed-rank test result: P = .77). No statistically significant difference was found. The two methods gave equivalent results, and the null hypothesis was accepted. CONCLUSIONS: The new volumetric method was validated and can be considered a trustworthy tool.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários para Um Único Dente , Imageamento Tridimensional , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Maxila/cirurgia , Maxila/anatomia & histologia , Feminino , Implantação Dentária Endóssea/métodos , Modelos Dentários , Coroas , Masculino , Adulto , Incisivo/anatomia & histologia
20.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 135-141, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597073

RESUMO

Zirconia crown has been widely used in the field of prosthodontics. Traditional zirconia exhibits excellent mechanical properties but lacks translucency. The introduction of transparent zirconia significantly enhances its aesthetic performance. In clinical applications, factors affecting the aesthetic results of full zirconia crown should be comprehensively considered, and the most suitable restoration should be chosen. Additionally, clinicians need to design appropriate tooth preparation dimensions and methods based on an individual patient's actual situation. During the clinical bonding process of zirconia, proper surface treatment of the tooth and restoration is essential. The selection of suitable adhesives is crucial for achieving optimal bonding strength and aesthetics.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Dente , Humanos , Coroas , Zircônio
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