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1.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e110, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770874

RESUMO

Curiosity and creativity are manifestations of novelty-seeking mechanisms, closely intertwined and interdependent. This principle aligns seamlessly with the foundational tenets of Langerian mindfulness, which places novelty seeking as a cornerstone. Creativity, curiosity, openness, and flexibility all harmoniously converge in this framework. Spanning over four decades, research in the realm of mindfulness has diligently delved into the intricate interplay among these constructs.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Atenção Plena , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia
2.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e92, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770864

RESUMO

By examining the shared neuro-cognitive correlates of curiosity and creativity, we better understand the brain basis of creativity. However, by only examining shared components, important neuro-cognitive correlates are overlooked. Here, we argue that any comprehensive brain model of creativity should consider multiple cognitive processes and, alongside the interplay between brain networks, also the neurochemistry and neural oscillations that underly creativity.


Assuntos
Encéfalo , Cognição , Criatividade , Humanos , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Rede Nervosa/fisiologia , Vias Neurais/fisiologia
3.
BMC Psychol ; 12(1): 265, 2024 May 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38741161

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: the AMORAL model emphasizes the close connection of individuals' belief system and malevolent creativity. Belief in a just world theory (BJW) states that people have a basic need to believe that the world they live in is just, and everyone gets what they deserve. Therefore, justice matters to all people. Justice sensitivity, as one of individual trait, has been found associated with negative goals. However, relevant studies have not tested whether justice sensitivity can affect malevolent creativity and its psychological mechanisms. Additionally, researchers have found that both anger and emotion regulation linked with justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity, but their contribution to the relationship between justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity remained unclear. The current study aims to explore the influence of justice sensitivity on malevolent creativity, the mediating effect of trait anger/state anger on the relationship between justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity, and the moderating effect of emotion regulation on this mediating effect. METHODS: A moderated mediating model was constructed to test the relationship between justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity. A sample of 395 Chinese college students were enrolled to complete the questionnaire survey. RESULTS: Justice sensitivity positively correlated with malevolent creativity, both trait anger and state anger partly mediated the connection between justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity. Moreover, emotion regulation moderated the indirect effect of the mediation model. The indirect effect of justice sensitivity on malevolent creativity through trait anger/state anger increased as the level of emotion regulation increased. The results indicated that justice sensitivity can affect malevolent creativity directly and indirectly through the anger. The level of emotion regulation differentiated the indirect paths of justice sensitivity on malevolent creativity. CONCLUSIONS: Justice sensitivity and malevolent creativity was mediated by trait anger/state anger. The higher sensitivity to justice, the higher level of trait anger/state anger, which in turn boosted the tendency of malevolent creativity. This indirect connection was moderated by emotion regulation, individuals with high emotion regulation are better able to buffer anger from justice sensitivity.


Assuntos
Ira , Criatividade , Regulação Emocional , Justiça Social , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Justiça Social/psicologia , Adolescente , Estudantes/psicologia
4.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0300121, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38787888

RESUMO

Literature suggests a link between creativity and the perception of meaningful patterns in random arrangements, which is coined apophenia, patternicity, synchronicity, or the experience of meaningful coincidences. However, empirical research did not establish a clear link between real-life creativity and the experience of meaningful coincidences. In this three-study approach, we consistently found a connection between the experience of meaningful coincidences and creative activities as well as creative achievements. However, we did not obtain a consistent link with openness to experience or with peoples' creative potential. By applying an internet daily diary approach, we found that the experience of meaningful coincidences fluctuates from day to day and that the number of perceived coincidences is associated with positive and negative affect. A third preregistered study showed that positive and negative affect might not serve as a strong mechanism that mediates the link between meaningful coincidences and real-life creative activities. We need further research to explore the reason for this robust link between meaningful coincidences and real-life creativity.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Afeto/fisiologia , Adolescente
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11883, 2024 May 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38789493

RESUMO

Competencies related to the evaluation of own cognitive processes, called metacognitive monitoring, are crucial as they help decide whether to persist in or desist from cognitive efforts. One of the most well-known phenomena in this context-the Dunning-Kruger effect-is that less skilled people tend to overestimate their performance. This effect has been reported for various kinds of performance including creativity. More recently, however, it has been suggested that this phenomenon could be a statistical artifact caused by the better-than-average effect and by regression toward the mean. Therefore, we examined the Dunning-Kruger effect in the context of creative thinking performance (i.e., divergent thinking ability) across two studies (Study 1: N = 425; Study 2: N = 317) and applied the classical quartile-based analysis as well as newly recommended, advanced statistical approaches: the Glejser test of heteroscedasticity and nonlinear quadratic regression. We found that the results indeed depended on the employed statistical method: While classical analyses supported the Dunning-Kruger effect across all conditions, it was not consistently supported by the more advanced statistical methods. These findings are in line with recent work challenging certain assumptions of the Dunning-Kruger effect and we discuss factors that undermine accurate self-assessments, especially in the context of creative performance.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Metacognição/fisiologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Pensamento/fisiologia
6.
Sci Eng Ethics ; 30(3): 18, 2024 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38748291

RESUMO

This paper provides a justificatory rationale for recommending the inclusion of imagined future use cases in neurotechnology development processes, specifically for legal and policy ends. Including detailed imaginative engagement with future applications of neurotechnology can serve to connect ethical, legal, and policy issues potentially arising from the translation of brain stimulation research to the public consumer domain. Futurist scholars have for some time recommended approaches that merge creative arts with scientific development in order to theorise possible futures toward which current trends in technology development might be steered. Taking a creative, imaginative approach like this in the neurotechnology context can help move development processes beyond considerations of device functioning, safety, and compliance with existing regulation, and into an active engagement with potential future dynamics brought about by the emergence of the neurotechnology itself. Imagined scenarios can engage with potential consumer uses of devices that might come to challenge legal or policy contexts. An anticipatory, creative approach can imagine what such uses might consist in, and what they might imply. Justifying this approach also prompts a co-responsibility perspective for policymaking in technology contexts. Overall, this furnishes a mode of neurotechnology's emergence that can avoid crises of confidence in terms of ethico-legal issues, and promote policy responses balanced between knowledge, values, protected innovation potential, and regulatory safeguards.


Assuntos
Imaginação , Humanos , Formulação de Políticas , Criatividade , Neurociências/legislação & jurisprudência , Neurociências/ética , Tecnologia/legislação & jurisprudência , Tecnologia/ética
7.
Age Ageing ; 53(5)2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38706392

RESUMO

Cognitive decline, mental health and mindset factors can all affect the autonomy and well-being of older adults. As the number of older adults across the globe increases, interventions to improve well-being are urgently needed. Improvisational theatre (improv) and improv-based interventions are well-suited to address this need. Studies have shown that participation in improv-based interventions has a positive impact on mental health indicators, including depressive symptoms, well-being and social connectedness, as well as cognitive skills such as attention and memory. In addition, improv-based interventions have been beneficial for people with dementia, improving positive affect, self-esteem and communication. In this article, we describe improvisational theatre, or improv, and the reasons it has emerged from a form of spontaneous theatre that involves playfulness and creativity to an important tool to effect behavioural change in individuals and groups. We then review the literature on the effects of improv in ageing populations, with a focus on social, emotional and cognitive functioning. Finally, we make recommendations on designing improv-based interventions so that future research, using rigorous quantitative methods, larger sample sizes and randomised controlled trials, can expand the use of improv in addressing important factors related to autonomy and well-being in older adults.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Saúde Mental , Humanos , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Idoso , Cognição , Criatividade , Fatores Etários , Autonomia Pessoal , Emoções , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia
8.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(5)2024 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38798002

RESUMO

Creative idea generation plays an important role in promoting successful memory formation. Yet, its underlying neural correlates remain unclear. We investigated the self-generated learning of creative ideas motivated by the schema-linked interactions between medial prefrontal and medial temporal regions framework. This was achieved by having participants generate ideas in the alternative uses task, self-evaluating their ideas based on novelty and source (i.e. new or old), and then later being tested on the recognition performance of the generated ideas. At the behavioral level, our results indicated superior performances in discriminating novel ideas, highlighting the novelty effect on memory. At the neural level, the regions-of-interest analyses revealed that successful recognition of novel ideas was associated with greater activations in the hippocampus (HPC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) during ideation. However, only activation in the right HPC was positively related to the successful recognition of novel ideas. Importantly, the weaker the connection between the right HPC and left mPFC, the higher the recognition accuracy of novel ideas. Moreover, activations in the right HPC and left mPFC were both effective predictors of successful recognition of novel ideas. These findings uniquely highlight the role of novelty in promoting self-generated learning of creative ideas.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Hipocampo , Aprendizagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Córtex Pré-Frontal , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Córtex Pré-Frontal/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Hipocampo/fisiologia , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Adulto , Reconhecimento Psicológico/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico/métodos
9.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e104, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770846

RESUMO

Ivancovsky et al. provide a compelling argument for the role of curiosity in creative thinking. We argue that (a) trait-like curiosity is necessary to engage in creative actions and (b) state-like curiosity might be effectively and strategically induced during interventions. Thus, we posit that curiosity works in an agentic and strategic way in strengthening creativity.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Pensamento/fisiologia
10.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e119, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770845

RESUMO

In our target article, we proposed that curiosity and creativity are both manifestations of the same novelty-seeking process. We received 29 commentaries from diverse disciplines that add insights to our initial proposal. These commentaries ultimately expanded and supplemented our model. Here we draw attention to five central practical and theoretical issues that were raised by the commentators: (1) The complex construct of novelty and associated concepts; (2) the underlying subsystems and possible mechanisms; (3) the different pathways and subtypes of curiosity and creativity; (4) creativity and curiosity "in the wild"; (5) the possible link(s) between creativity and curiosity.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia
11.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e99, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770848

RESUMO

We extend Ivancovsky et al.'s finding on the association between curiosity and creativity by proposing a sequential causal model assuming that (a) curiosity determines the motivation to seek information and that (b) creativity constitutes a capacity to act on that motivation. This framework assumes that both high levels of curiosity and creativity are necessary for information-seeking behavior.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Modelos Psicológicos , Motivação , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Comportamento de Busca de Informação
12.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e101, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770852

RESUMO

Novelty is neither necessary nor sufficient to link curiosity and creativity as stated in the target article. We point out the article's logical shortcomings, outline preconditions that may link curiosity and creativity, and suggest that curiosity and creativity may be expressions of a common epistemic drive.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Humanos , Conhecimento
13.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e95, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770847

RESUMO

The creativity literature is replete with dualistic constructs, suggesting shared mechanisms but also tempting overinterpretation of their interrelations. An explicit list of relevant concept associations indicates substantial commonality, yet also exposes certain inconsistencies. Dual-process accounts (A and B is relevant) hold promise in resolving discrepancies to the extent that we understand the relative contributions and conditions of A and B.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Humanos , Formação de Conceito
14.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e93, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770853

RESUMO

We propose expanding the authors' shared novelty-seeking basis for creativity and curiosity by emphasizing an underlying computational principle: Minimizing prediction errors (mismatch between predictions and incoming data). Curiosity is tied to the anticipation of minimizing prediction errors through future, novel information, whereas creative AHA moments are connected to the actual minimization of prediction errors through current, novel information.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia
15.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e97, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770849

RESUMO

The Novelty-Seeking Model can explain incubation's effect on creativity by assuming an adaptive decision threshold. During an impasse, the threshold for novelty becomes too high and biased to previous neural activity, hindering progress. Incubation "resets" this threshold through attentional decoupling, allowing for spontaneous ideas to emerge from subsequent mind wandering or other activities that attract attention, facilitating progress.


Assuntos
Atenção , Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Atenção/fisiologia
16.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e113, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770856

RESUMO

The target article covers a large amount of ground and offers a provocative perspective. This commentary focuses on (a) assumptions, namely that there are discrete stages in the creative process and that novelty and usefulness are inextricable, (b) hidden variables in the creativity-curiosity relationship, and (c) the difference between an explanation of creativity versus a description of influence on it.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos
17.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e115, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770851

RESUMO

Although creativity and curiosity can be similarly construed as knowledge-building processes, their underlying motivation is fundamentally different. Specifically, curiosity drives organisms to seek information that reduces uncertainty so that they can make a better prediction about the world. On the contrary, creative processes aim to connect distant pieces of information, maximizing novelty and utility.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Motivação , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Motivação/fisiologia , Humanos , Incerteza
18.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e116, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770858

RESUMO

Ivancovsky et al.'s Novelty-Seeking Model suggests several mechanisms that might underlie developmental change in creativity and curiosity. We discuss how these implications both do and do not align with extant developmental findings, suggest two further elements that can provide a more complete developmental account, and discuss current methodological barriers to formulating an integrated developmental model of curiosity and creativity.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Modelos Psicológicos , Desenvolvimento Humano/fisiologia
19.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e107, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770854

RESUMO

The novelty-seeking model (NSM) does not offer a compelling unifying framework for understanding creativity and curiosity. It fails to explain important manifestations and features of curiosity. Moreover, the arguments offered to support a curiosity-creativity link - a shared association with a common core process and various superficial associations between them - are neither convincing nor do they yield useful predictions.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos
20.
Behav Brain Sci ; 47: e117, 2024 May 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38770855

RESUMO

We extend the work of Ivancovsky et al. by proposing that in addition to novelty seeking, mood regulation goals - including enhancing positive mood and repairing negative mood - motivate both creativity and curiosity. Additionally, we discuss how the effects of mood on state of mind are context-dependent (not fixed), and how such flexibility may impact creativity and curiosity.


Assuntos
Afeto , Criatividade , Comportamento Exploratório , Humanos , Afeto/fisiologia , Comportamento Exploratório/fisiologia
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