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Esc. Anna Nery Rev. Enferm ; 26: e20210088, 2022. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1339881


Resumo Objetivo: compreender, por meio do brinquedo terapêutico dramático, o significado, para o irmão, de visitar a criança hospitalizada em terapia intensiva. Método: pesquisa qualitativa, modalidade fenomenológica, que utilizou o brinquedo terapêutico dramático para acessar às experiências dos irmãos. Foi realizada em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica do interior do estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaram das sessões de brinquedo terapêutico 11 irmãos menores de 10 anos, as quais foram analisadas à luz da Teoria do Amadurecimento. Resultados: os irmãos, tendo um lugar para brincar, dramatizaram situações, anteriormente, vividas, de seu cotidiano e da visita à criança hospitalizada. Ao viver, criativamente, revelaram que brincar é fazer a integração das experiências do "eu", favorecendo o continuar a ser diante da situação vivida. Conclusões e implicações para a prática: o Brinquedo Terapêutico Dramático compreendido à luz de um referencial teórico possibilitou que o irmão significasse a visita como uma experiência de integração do "eu", revelando emoções, desejos e preferências do cotidiano. Nesse sentido, o cuidado ao irmão da criança hospitalizada define-se pela oferta do brincar livre, para que ele demonstre o sentimento de continuar a ser em suas interações com o mundo, no qual o contexto hospitalar tornou parte da realidade.

Resumen Objeto: Comprender por medio del juego terapéutico dramático el significado, para el hermano, de la visita al niño hospitalizado en Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica. Método: Investigación cualitativa, modalidad fenomenológica, que utilizó el juego terapéutico dramático para comprender la experiencia del hermano. Se realizó en Unidad de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica del interior del Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. Participaron de las sesiones de juego terapéutico 11 hermanos con menos de 10 años, quienes fueron analizados a la luz de la Teoría de la Maduración. Resultados: Los hermanos, al tener un lugar para jugar, dramatizaron situaciones anteriormente vividas, de su cotidiano y de la visita al niño hospitalizado. Al vivir de forma creativa, revelaron que jugar es permitir la integración de las experiencias del "yo", lo que favorece el concepto de seguir siendo, ante la situación vivida. Conclusiones e implicaciones para la práctica: El Juego Terapéutico Dramático comprendido a la luz de un referencial teórico hizo posible que el hermano entendiera la visita como una experiencia de integración del "yo", revelando emociones, deseos y preferencias cotidianas. En este sentido, el cuidado del hermano del niño hospitalizado se define por la oferta de juego libre, para que pueda demostrar su sentimiento de seguir siendo en sus interacciones con el mundo, en el que el contexto hospitalario se ha convertido en parte de la realidad.

Abstract Objective: to understand, by means of dramatic therapeutic play, the meaning, for the sibling, of visiting the child hospitalized in intensive care. Method: a qualitative research, phenomenological modality, which used the dramatic therapeutic play to access the siblings' experiences. It was carried out in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit in the countryside of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Eleven siblings under ten years of age participated in the therapeutic play sessions, which were analyzed in the light of the Theory of Maturation. Results: the siblings, having a place to play, dramatized previously lived situations, from their daily life and from the visit to the hospitalized child. By living creatively, they revealed that playing is to integrate the experiences of the "I", favoring the continuity of being in the face of the situation lived. Conclusions and implications for practice: the Dramatic Therapeutic Play understood in the light of a theoretical framework allowed the sibling to mean the visit as an experience of integration of the "I", revealing emotions, desires and preferences of daily life. In this sense, the care for the brother of the hospitalized child is defined by the offer of free play, so that he demonstrates the feeling of continuing to be in his interactions with the world, in which the hospital context has become part of reality.

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Visitas a Pacientes/psicologia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica , Criança Hospitalizada , Irmãos/psicologia , Relações entre Irmãos , Saúde da Criança , Criatividade , Pesquisa Qualitativa
Philos Trans A Math Phys Eng Sci ; 380(2214): 20210116, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34802268


Percolation theory is essential for understanding disease transmission patterns on the temporal mobility networks. However, the traditional approach of the percolation process can be inefficient when analysing a large-scale, dynamic network for an extended period. Not only is it time-consuming but it is also hard to identify the connected components. Recent studies demonstrate that spatial containers restrict mobility behaviour, described by a hierarchical topology of mobility networks. Here, we leverage crowd-sourced, large-scale human mobility data to construct temporal hierarchical networks composed of over 175 000 block groups in the USA. Each daily network contains mobility between block groups within a Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), and long-distance travels across the MSAs. We examine percolation on both levels and demonstrate the changes of network metrics and the connected components under the influence of COVID-19. The research reveals the presence of functional subunits even with high thresholds of mobility. Finally, we locate a set of recurrent critical links that divide components resulting in the separation of core MSAs. Our findings provide novel insights into understanding the dynamical community structure of mobility networks during disruptions and could contribute to more effective infectious disease control at multiple scales. This article is part of the theme issue 'Data science approaches to infectious disease surveillance'.

COVID-19 , Criatividade , Humanos , SARS-CoV-2
J Pak Med Assoc ; 71(11): 2623-2628, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34783747


Creativity is one of the tools in the toolkit of modern day learners. Scientific progress cannot be accomplished without developing creative capacities of individuals. The Muslim countries, despite their historical achievement in different creative and innovative discoveries and positive encouragement by Islam towards creativity, have paradoxically gone down from their position. Creativity is one of the priorities of modern age due to its role in the progress of humanity and future. The education system is spoon-feeding our learners and killing creativity. The main aim of the current scoping review is to summarise and disseminate research findings pertaining to the evidence on the definition of the concept of creativity, its importance in education, role of teachers and learners in making creativity a part of their educational endeavours, and their implications. Moreover, it provides a broad and detailed outline of the topic and exploring more general questions rather than providing answer to limited questions. It will help to determine how important it is to foster creativity as educators.

Criatividade , Ciências Humanas , Logro , Humanos
J Nurses Prof Dev ; 37(6): 365-367, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34723843


The unexpected challenges of COVID-19 forced our nation to "rework" normal practices and routines. Kathy Chappell states that nurse professional development practitioners must be problem focused and solution oriented. Led by a nurse professional development specialist, planners employed innovation and creativity to address the problems found in one professional development program. This article assures readers that remote day-long conferences are well accepted and useful in today's fast-paced learning environment.

COVID-19 , Profissionais de Enfermagem , Criatividade , Humanos , Aprendizagem , SARS-CoV-2
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(3): 370-381, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738530


BACKGROUND: Psychobiographical analyses of the significant representatives of confessional poetry are important in understanding both the genesis of the poems and the history of the authors' psychiatric disorders. Most of the American confessional poets have died by suicide but Robert Lowell avoided this sad faith. AIMS: The purpose of this present paper is to analyze how the psychiatric disorder has been captured in his confessio - nal poetry and what sorts of creative processes can be identified that have possibly contributed to the fact that Lowell avoided suicide. METHODS: Art-, biographical- and document analyses have been performed. The analyzed writings belong to the confessional-lyrical part of Lowell's oeuvre. The reconstruction of the biography- and the illness history have been conducted based on international publications. RESULTS: Robert Lowell was hospitalized for the first time due to a psychiatric disorder in 1949, at the age of 32. The diagnosis was bipolar disorder and he suffered from this disorder through the rest of his life. During his psychiatric treatments obvious relationships have been revealed between his hypomanic states and artistic creativity. Moreover, he felt that his illness had been playing an important part in his art and contributed to his identity. The onset of the episodes of his bipolar disorder and the processes of his artistic self-expression were intertwined. Accordingly, hypo - manic states served as sources for creativity and the illness itself became an important theme in his poetry. CONCLUSIONS: Robert Lowell's artistic viewpoint, his desire for freedom and the sensitive way he was able to show Ame - rica in the mid-twentieth century all might have been in relationship with his psychiatric illness. His unique per - spective and artistic and political sensitivity made him one of the most admired poets of his era and maybe the same sensitivity contributed to his unexpected death at the age of 60. Professional psychiatric treatments, creative generative processes and the received support from family members and friends were those factors that might have been helped him in avoiding suicide.

Transtorno Bipolar , Criatividade , Transtornos Mentais , Poesia como Assunto/história , Psicoterapia , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino
J Prof Nurs ; 37(5): 804-809, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34742508


To effectively navigate today's complex and rapidly changing health care environments, nurses require a high level of knowledge, sound psychomotor skills, diverse thinking and reasoning abilities, and a strong professional identity. The evidence showed that programs that offer students focused clinical practice experiences and offer students opportunities to 'think like a nurse' enable them to become sound practitioners. Faculty and staff at one mid-sized research-intensive university in Western Canada, engaged in an iterative process of rethinking the theoretical and pedagogical underpinnings of a BSN curriculum for educating nurses for the complexity of today's practice. Constructivist learning theory was chosen as the main underpinning of the revised curriculum. Furthermore, transformational learning theory guided the selection of several pedagogical approaches utilized throughout the program with the goal of inviting critical reflection and encouraging the development of competent, compassionate, ethical, and professional nurses. Additionally, we employed an innovative approach to clinical practicums where the process of learning is both integrated and intentional, and students are mentored to use prior knowledge in their decisions and clinical reasoning.

Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Canadá , Criatividade , Currículo , Humanos , Aprendizagem
Psychiatr Hung ; 36(3): 271-284, 2021.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34738523


This essay presents two studies of Bertalan Petho's rich and diverse oeuvre. The first one (published in 1967) analyzed a schizophrenic composer-patient's composition created during the acute phase of schizophrenia and consi - dered the hiatus discursivitatis as one of the main characteristics of the pathology of expression in his musical works. The second study is the patients' catamnestic follow-up after 13 years. In that late, chronic, residual phase of schizophrenia with overwhelmingly negative symptoms, the mannieristic catatonia dominated the clinical feature, as well as the pathology of musical expression. These two studies build a bridge between music and psychopathology in a way unique in the literature and greatly demonstrate the utilization of musical expression in the phenomenological approach of schizophrenia. Due to Berta - lan Petho's high level of musical literacy, his knowledge of music theory and harmony, we have an insight through a specific window into the severe self-disturbance and alienisation determining the schizophrenic world of experience. Petho's approach is still relevant today: it fits conceptually to the most novel phenome-nological framework of the psychopathology of schizophrenia, i.e. to the ipseity-hyperreflexivity model, as well as to theories that draw a parallel between the schizophrenic reification and alienisation and the 20th-century modernism.

Música , Esquizofrenia , Criatividade , Humanos
RECIIS (Online) ; 15(4): 824-839, out.-dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343985


O trabalho apresentado neste artigo analisou as aproximações da produção científica em ciências da saúde na área de ciência da informação, no Brasil, com base nos artigos indexados na Base de Dados Referenciais de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação (Brapci), no período de 1972 a 2020. A partir da coleta pelo termo 'saúde', os dados foram organizados a fim de: identificar os autores mais produtivos; descrever as formas de coautoria; investigar as características das revistas utilizadas para publicação; analisar as temáticas identificadas a partir das palavras-chave. Foram coletados 1.293 documentos, dos quais, após limpeza, totalizaram 1.140 registros, que foram administrados no software VOSviewer. Verificou-se que 3,3% dos documentos em ciência da informação indexados na base abordam alguma questão da área de saúde. A Revista Eletrônica de Comunicação, Informação e Inovação em Saúde (Reciis) publicou 43,2% de todos os trabalhos recuperados e uma mostrou prevalência de autoria múltipla.

The work presented in this article analyzed the approximations of scientific production in health sciences in the area of information science in Brazil based on articles indexed by the Base de Dados Referenciais de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação (Brapci) from 1972 to 2020. After searching the term 'health', the data were organized to in order to identify the most productive authors; to describe the forms of coauthorship; to investigate the characteristics of the journals used for publication; and to analyze the themes identified by means of the keywords. 1,293 documents were collected and after cleaning the total came to 1,140 records that were visualized using the VOSviewer software. It was verified that 3.3% of the documents concerning information science which was indexed in the database address some issue of health field. The Reciis ­ Revista Eletrônica de Comunicação, Informação e Inovação em Saúde (Electronic journal of communication, information and innovation in health) published 43.2% of all works obtained and has revealed a prevalence of multiple authorship.

El trabajo presentado analizó las aproximaciones de la producción científica en ciencias de la salud en el área de ciencias de la información en Brasil con base en artículos indexados en la Base de Dados Referenciais de Artigos de Periódicos em Ciência da Informação (Brapci) en el período de 1972 a 2020. A partir de la recolección del término 'salud', los datos fueron organizados para identificar a los autores más productivos; describir las formas de coautoría; investigar las características de las revistas utilizadas para la publicación; analizar los temas identificados a partir de las palabras clave. Han sido recopilados 1.293 documentos y después de la limpieza totalizaron 1.140 registros que han sido visualizados en el software VOSviewer. Se han verificado que 3.3% de los documentos conciernentes a la ciencia de la información indexados en la base de datos abordan algún tema del área de salud. La Reciis ­ Revista Eletrônica de Comunicação, Informação e Inovação em Saúde (Revista electrónica de comunicación, información y innovación en salud) publicó 43,2% del total de trabajos recuperados y ha evidenciado un predominio de autoría múltiple. Palabras clave: Ciencia de la información; Ciencias de la salud; Producción científica; Col

Humanos , Brasil , Ciência da Informação , Ciências da Saúde , Atividades Científicas e Tecnológicas , Descritores , Comunicação , Criatividade , Autoria e Coautoria na Publicação Científica
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 68(6): 13-18, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34839486


Many different patient-centered care models have been promoted around the world in recent years. The goal of current nursing innovation includes simplifying nursing workflows, constructing creative care methods, developing innovative assistive devices, activating the workplace, and improving care quality. In addition to enhancing the ability of nurses to care for the sick, employ critical thinking, improve their information literacy, and deepen their research knowledge, innovative attitudes and R&D momentum represent new trends in nursing education and talent cultivation. In nursing education worldwide, including both in-school education and clinical in-service training, innovative courses, projects, and competitions as well as corresponding academic seminars have been launched with the intention to promote practical creativity and innovative solutions. The definition of design thinking is first introduced and the Stanford University`s design thinking model is next explained. The five stages of the design thinking model - empathize, define, ideate, prototype, and test - are then introduced. Finally, using the innovative nursing product as an example, the teacher-student team is proposed as the design thinking mentorship model. The authors hope that this article serves as a reference for novice educators, developers, and researchers in the field of nursing innovation.

Educação em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Criatividade , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa , Pensamento
PLoS One ; 16(11): e0259226, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34735499


When emerging technologies transform an organization's way of working, explorative business process management (BPM) becomes a new challenge. Although digital innovations can boost process efficacy and business productivity, employees do not necessarily accept the implied work changes. We therefore looked at the increased digitalization efforts during the COVID-19 lockdowns, during which employees were forced to drastically rethink work by heavily depending on technology for communication and almost all business tasks. This global setting allowed us to scrutinize disruptive work changes and how employees can cope with disruptive work adaptations. We also looked into the explorative skillset needed to adapt to these changes. To theorize about an explorative BPM acceptance model, eleven hypotheses were supported based on a solid theoretical foundation. We followed a quantitative research design using partial least squares for structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) at the university administration settings in two regions, including purposive sampling. Data analysis covered both a measurement model assessment and structural model assessment. Our findings reveal that employees' perceived work modalities, feeling creative and feeling flexible are more promising features than perceived influence and attitude related to explorative work and skill development. We also offer novel insights into explorative business process management (BPM) skills, and which skills are more productive in uncertain or dynamic working conditions. This research is a learning path for managers struggling with flexible or competitive business environments, and more specifically to facilitate employee willingness.

COVID-19/epidemiologia , Comércio , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Emprego , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Adulto , Idoso , Algoritmos , Criatividade , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Organizacionais , SARS-CoV-2 , Tecnologia , Adulto Jovem
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34769883


Overqualification is prevalent in times of economic downturn, and research has increasingly focused on its outcomes. This study aimed to explore the psychological burden caused by perceived overqualification (POQ) and its impact on creativity among high-tech enterprise employees. Drawing from effort-reward imbalance theory, we examined the effect of POQ on emotional exhaustion, along with the mediating role of emotional exhaustion in the POQ-creativity relationship and the moderating role of pay for performance (PFP) in strengthening the link between POQ and emotional exhaustion. Using cross-sectional data from a sample of 359 employees in China, we found that (1) POQ was positively related to emotional exhaustion; (2) emotional exhaustion was negatively related to creativity; (3) PFP moderated the effect of POQ on emotional exhaustion as well as the indirect effect of POQ on creativity via emotional exhaustion. These findings have both theoretical and practical implications.

Emoções , Reembolso de Incentivo , Criatividade , Estudos Transversais , Recompensa
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48463


A FAPESP aderiu à 2ª edição do Programa Centelha, que tem o objetivo de apoiar a geração de empreendimentos inovadores e disseminar a cultura do empreendedorismo entre jovens de todo o país. As inscrições do Programa Centelha no estado de São Paulo abriram no dia 14/09/2021 e se encerram em 25/10/2021 às 18 horas. Acesse o edital vigente e confira todas as regras para participação no programa em:

Empreendedorismo , Criatividade
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(7, supl 1): 30-34, out. 2021. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1293335


O objetivo foi identificar as estratégias tecnológicas utilizadas no processo de ensino e aprendizagem pela enfermagem durante a pandemia. Esta revisão de escopo seguiu as recomendações propostas pelo Preferred Reporting Itens for Systematic Reviews and MEta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), Como estratégia de busca para seleção dos artigos, realizou-se a varredura online nas bases de dados Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde (BVS), Health Information from the National Library of Medicine (PUBMED). Os estudos apontam a necessidade de adaptar-se às novas contingências, assim como um desafio à educação no mundo. A preocupação com a continuidade dos processos educacionais de pesquisa e extensão também se configurou como um desafio a ser trabalhado e o aprendizado virtual passou então a ser entendido como uma inovação enquanto estratégia para minimizar os danos da aprendizagem, assim como a incorporação das tecnologias de comunicação e informação. Contudo, não podemos deixar a necessidade da presença do professor que incentiva e proporciona a reflexão do aluno capaz de leva-lo ao desenvolvimento das habilidades competências e atitudes necessárias a formação do enfermeiro. (AU)

Objective: Identify the technological strategies used in the teaching and learning process by nursing during the pandemic. Methods: This scope review followed the recommendations proposed by Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and MEta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). in Health (BVS), Health Information from the National Library of Medicine (PUBMED). Results: Studies point to the need to adapt to new contingencies, as well as a challenge to education in the world. The concern with the continuity of educational research and extension processes was also a challenge to be worked on and virtual learning then came to be understood as an innovation as a strategy to minimize the damage of learning, as well as the incorporation of communication technologies and information. Conclusion: There is need for the presence of the teacher who encourages and provides the student's reflection capable of taking him/her to the development of skills, competences and attitudes necessary for nursing education. (AU)

Objetivo: Identificar las estrategias tecnológicas utilizadas en el proceso de enseñanza y aprendizaje por parte de la enfermería durante la pandemia. Métodos: Esta revisión del alcance siguió las recomendaciones propuestas por la extensión Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews y MEta-Analyzes para Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR). In Health (BVS), Health Information de la National Library of Medicine (PUBMED). Resultados: Los estudios apuntan a la necesidad de adaptarse a nuevas contingencias, así como a un desafío para la educación en el mundo. La preocupación por la continuidad de los procesos de investigación y extensión educativa fue también un desafío a trabajar y entonces el aprendizaje virtual pasó a entenderse como una innovación como estrategia para minimizar el daño del aprendizaje, así como la incorporación de las tecnologías de la comunicación y la información. Conclusión: Es necesaria la presencia del profesor que aliente y brinde la reflexión del alumno capaz de llevarlo al desarrollo de habilidades, competencias y actitudes necesarias para la formación en enfermería. (AU)

Tecnologia da Informação , Enfermagem , Educação à Distância , Criatividade , Pandemias
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257962, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34624041


The objective of the paper is to diagnose organisational culture of selected universities and analyse its impact on the innovation processes within them. The subject matter of the study was organisational culture and innovation at universities. The subjects were four selected universities in Poland, Austria, Germany, and Ukraine. The paper provided a definition of organisational culture and its typology. It further discussed the organisational culture of universities and the relationships between organisational culture and innovativeness. The literature review provided foundations for building a model for the formation of a type of organisational culture at universities that is innovation-friendly, which is the added value of the paper. It offers actions worth taking to shape innovation-friendly culture at universities. It is particularly important during difficult time of changing labour market, when universities greatly impact the attitudes of young people. The knowledge of how to shape innovation-friendly organisational culture at universities is necessary for academia to profile future employees in times of continuous changes. To investigate the relationship between organisational culture and the innovativeness of universities, we designed an original survey questionnaire [S1 File]. Organisational culture was diagnosed with the Organizational Culture Assessment Instrument by K.S. Cameron and R.E. Quinn. The analyses were conducted in Dell Statistica v. 13.1 (StatSoft Polska). We normalised data from the Likert rating scale using Kaufman's and Rousseeuw's formula. We used Spearman's correlation coefficient and Kendall's W to calculate correlations. The research shows that the investigated Polish and Austrian universities are dominated by hierarchy and market cultures. On the other hand, the German and Ukrainian universities host all cultures, but clan and adhocracy dominate there. Moreover, the analyses demonstrated that although the adhocracy culture was the least visible in the investigated organisations, it contributes to university innovativeness the most. The conclusions were used to build a model for promoting innovation-friendly organisational culture at universities. The model contains answers to the research questions. In addition, it offers guidelines for shaping organisational culture to bolster innovation at universities. The research identified relationships between organisational culture and university innovativeness and components that create innovation opportunities at universities as its contribution to management theory. When applied in practice, the guidelines can help form the university's organisational culture bottom-up.

Criatividade , Inovação Organizacional , Universidades , Adolescente , Adulto , Áustria/epidemiologia , Cultura , Educação/tendências , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Marketing/tendências , Cultura Organizacional , Organizações , Polônia/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0257636, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634048


Building an innovative country is a clear strategy for my country to promote economic, industrial, and social development. Mastering the status quo and late-comer advantages of technological innovation in my country's provinces is an important prerequisite for accurately positioning the innovation mission of each province. This article innovatively uses innovation concentration and innovation potential to measure and analyze the provincial scientific and technological innovation level at the inventory and incremental level. Taking the cross-sectional data of 31 provinces in my country in 2019 as a sample, construct the provincial "innovation potential-innovation concentration" evaluation The index system, through the entropy weight method, determines the weight of each evaluation index, and uses the TOPSIS method to conduct multi-objective evaluation of each province. According to the calculation results of provincial scientific and technological innovation concentration and innovation potential, an in-depth interpretation of the spatial distribution of my country's provincial scientific and technological innovation echelon is carried out. The study found that: the innovation concentration and innovation potential matrix echelon division of my country's provinces is divided into four echelons, namely high innovation. The echelon of drivers with high concentration and high innovation potential, the echelon of followers with high innovation concentration and low innovation potential, the echelon of dark horses with low innovation concentration and high innovation potential, and the echelon of latecomers with low innovation concentration and low innovation potential. Finally, the positioning strategy of the innovation mission of each echelon province is put forward to provide reference and enlightenment for the construction of innovative provinces and the promotion of a scientific and technological power.

Invenções , Pesquisa , Algoritmos , China , Criatividade , Desenvolvimento Econômico , Humanos , Indústrias , Ciência
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258661, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34669747


This paper analyses the female gender as a one of the factors that may influence product and process innovativeness of small enterprises. The data discussed come from an empirical study of 1017 small enterprises from the Kujawsko-pomorskie region in central-northern Poland. The theoretical framework suggests three areas of factors that may influence small enterprises innovativeness: the entrepreneur's gender, innovation management capability, and firm characteristics. The results of the study suggest that the female gender of the entrepreneur has a positive impact on the product and process innovativeness of small enterprises. In the group of small enterprises managed by female entrepreneurs the chances of introducing product innovation are higher by 83.7%, process innovation by 56%, and product and process innovation together by 82.1%.

Criatividade , Empreendedorismo , Empresa de Pequeno Porte , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Polônia , Fatores Sexuais
Behav Brain Sci ; 44: e91, 2021 09 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34588019


Music is an artistic cultural innovation, and therefore it may be considered as intuitive thought expressed in symbols, which can efficiently convey multiple meanings in learning, thinking, and transmission, selected for and passed on through cultural evolution. The symbolic system has personal adaptive benefits besides social ones, which should not be overlooked even if music may tend more to the latter.

Arte , Evolução Cultural , Música , Criatividade , Humanos , Aprendizagem
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(18)2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34577511


Engineering education benefits from the application of modern technology, allowing students to learn essential Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) related concepts through hands-on experiences. Robotic kits have been used as an innovative tool in some educational fields, being readily accepted and adopted. However, most of the time, such kits' knowledge level requires understanding basic concepts that are not always appropriate for the student. A critical concept in engineering is the Cartesian Coordinate System (CCS), an essential tool for every engineering, from graphing functions to data analysis in robotics and control applications and beyond. This paper presents the design and implementation of a novel Two-Dimensional Cartesian Coordinate System Educational Toolkit (2D-CACSET) to teach the two-dimensional representations as the first step to construct spatial thinking. This innovative educational toolkit is based on real-time location systems using Ultra-Wide Band technology. It comprises a workbench, four Anchors pinpointing X+, X-, Y+, Y- axes, seven Tags representing points in the plane, one listener connected to a PC collecting the position of the Tags, and a Graphical User Interface displaying these positions. The Educational Mechatronics Conceptual Framework (EMCF) enables constructing knowledge in concrete, graphic, and abstract levels. Hence, the students acquire this knowledge to apply it further down their career path. For this paper, three instructional designs were designed using the 2D-CACSET and the EMCF to learn about coordinate axes, quadrants, and a point in the CCS.

Engenharia , Aprendizagem , Criatividade , Humanos , Estudantes , Tecnologia