Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 117.074
Filtrar
1.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 3044, 2024 02 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38321124

RESUMO

The development of approaches based on genetically modified cells is accompanied by a constant intensive search for new effective and safe delivery systems and the study of existing ones. Recently, we developed a new plasmonic nanoparticle layers-mediated optoporation system that can be proposed for precisely controlled, high-performance laser transfection compatible with broad types of cells and delivered objects of interest. The main goal of the present study is to demonstrate the broad possibilities and advantages of our system for optoporation of several mammalian cells, classified as "easy-to-transfect" cells, namely HeLa and CHO lines, and "hard-to-transfect" cells, namely A431 and RAW 264.7 cells. We show the efficient delivery of various sized cargo molecules: from small molecular dyes propidium iodide (PI) with molecular mass 700 Da, control plasmids (3-10 kb) to fluorophore-labeled dextranes with masses ranging from 10 kDa up to 100 kDa. The performance of optoporation was investigated for two types of laser sources, 800-nm continuous-wave laser, and 1064-nm ns pulsed laser. We provided a comparative study between our system and commercial agent Lipofectamine for transient transfection and stable transfection of HeLa cells with plasmids encoding fluorescent proteins. The quantitative data analysis using flow cytometry, Alamar blue viability assay, and direct fluorescence microscopy revealed higher optoporation efficacy for hard-to-transfect A431 cells and Raw 264.7 cells than lipofection efficacy. Finally, we demonstrated the optoporation performance at the single-cell level by successful delivering PI to the individual CHO cells with revealed high viability for at least 72 h post-irradiation.


Assuntos
Ouro , Nanopartículas Metálicas , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , Células HeLa , Cricetulus , Transfecção , Corantes , Microscopia de Fluorescência
2.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2762: 183-190, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315366

RESUMO

Antibodies are versatile biological molecules with widespread applications in research and medicine. This protocol outlines the generation of monoclonal IgG antibodies from Chinese hamster ovary cells. It includes steps for cell maintenance, transient transfection, and antibody purification via protein A affinity chromatography. The methods described are intended for the production of milligram amounts of protein but can be adapted for most small- to mid-scale applications.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Cricetinae , Animais , Cricetulus , Células CHO , Transfecção , Proteínas Recombinantes , Cromatografia de Afinidade
3.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2762: 329-351, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38315375

RESUMO

This chapter is intended to provide insights for researchers aiming to choose an appropriate expression system for the production of recombinant glycoproteins. Producing glycoproteins is complex, as glycosylation patterns are determined by the availability and abundance of specific enzymes rather than a direct genetic blueprint. Furthermore, the cell systems often employed for protein production are evolutionarily distinct, leading to significantly different glycosylation when utilized for glycoprotein production. The selection of an appropriate production system depends on the intended applications and desired characteristics of the protein. Whether the goal is to produce glycoproteins mimicking native conditions or to intentionally alter glycan structures for specific purposes, such as enhancing immunogenicity in vaccines, understanding glycosylation present in the different systems and in different growth conditions is essential. This chapter will cover Escherichia coli, baculovirus/insect cell systems, Pichia pastoris, as well as different mammalian cell culture systems including Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, human endothelial kidney (HEK) cell lines, and baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Glicoproteínas/química , Glicosilação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
4.
Cell Commun Signal ; 22(1): 94, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38308278

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interferon-γ-inducible protein of 10 kDa (IP-10/CXCL10) is a dual-function CXC chemokine that coordinates chemotaxis of activated T cells and natural killer (NK) cells via interaction with its G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR), CXC chemokine receptor 3 (CXCR3). As a consequence of natural posttranslational modifications, human CXCL10 exhibits a high degree of structural and functional heterogeneity. However, the biological effect of natural posttranslational processing of CXCL10 at the carboxy (C)-terminus has remained partially elusive. We studied CXCL10(1-73), lacking the four endmost C-terminal amino acids, which was previously identified in supernatant of cultured human fibroblasts and keratinocytes. METHODS: Relative levels of CXCL10(1-73) and intact CXCL10(1-77) were determined in synovial fluids of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) through tandem mass spectrometry. The production of CXCL10(1-73) was optimized through Fmoc-based solid phase peptide synthesis (SPPS) and a strategy to efficiently generate human CXCL10 proteoforms was introduced. CXCL10(1-73) was compared to intact CXCL10(1-77) using surface plasmon resonance for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) binding affinity, assays for cell migration, second messenger signaling downstream of CXCR3, and flow cytometry of CHO cells and primary human T lymphocytes and endothelial cells. Leukocyte recruitment in vivo upon intraperitoneal injection of CXCL10(1-73) was also evaluated. RESULTS: Natural CXCL10(1-73) was more abundantly present compared to intact CXCL10(1-77) in synovial fluids of patients with RA. CXCL10(1-73) had diminished affinity for GAG including heparin, heparan sulfate and chondroitin sulfate A. Moreover, CXCL10(1-73) exhibited an attenuated capacity to induce CXCR3A-mediated signaling, as evidenced in calcium mobilization assays and through quantification of phosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase-1/2 (ERK1/2) and protein kinase B/Akt. Furthermore, CXCL10(1-73) incited significantly less primary human T lymphocyte chemotaxis in vitro and peritoneal ingress of CXCR3+ T lymphocytes in mice. In contrast, loss of the four endmost C-terminal residues did not affect the inhibitory properties of CXCL10 on migration, proliferation, wound closure, phosphorylation of ERK1/2, and sprouting of human microvascular endothelial cells. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the C-terminal residues Lys74-Pro77 of CXCL10 are important for GAG binding, signaling through CXCR3A, T lymphocyte chemotaxis, but dispensable for angiostasis.


Assuntos
Quimiocina CXCL10 , Quimiotaxia , Glicosaminoglicanos , Animais , Cricetinae , Humanos , Camundongos , Quimiocina CXCL10/metabolismo , Cricetulus , Células Endoteliais/metabolismo , Heparina/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Glicosaminoglicanos/metabolismo
5.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 995, 2024 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38307868

RESUMO

The development of effective SARS-CoV-2 vaccines has been essential to control COVID-19, but significant challenges remain. One problem is intramuscular administration, which does not induce robust mucosal immune responses in the upper airways-the primary site of infection and virus shedding. Here we compare the efficacy of a mucosal, replication-competent yet fully attenuated virus vaccine, sCPD9-ΔFCS, and the monovalent mRNA vaccine BNT162b2 in preventing transmission of SARS-CoV-2 variants B.1 and Omicron BA.5 in two scenarios. Firstly, we assessed the protective efficacy of the vaccines by exposing vaccinated male Syrian hamsters to infected counterparts. Secondly, we evaluated transmission of the challenge virus from vaccinated and subsequently challenged male hamsters to naïve contacts. Our findings demonstrate that the live-attenuated vaccine (LAV) sCPD9-ΔFCS significantly outperformed the mRNA vaccine in preventing virus transmission in both scenarios. Our results provide evidence for the advantages of locally administered LAVs over intramuscularly administered mRNA vaccines in preventing infection and reducing virus transmission.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra COVID-19 , COVID-19 , Animais , Cricetinae , Masculino , Humanos , Vacina BNT162 , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Vacinas de mRNA , SARS-CoV-2 , Mesocricetus , Anticorpos Antivirais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(3)2024 Jan 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38338745

RESUMO

Cryopreservation is an essential step for utilizing various cell types for biological research and medical purposes. At the same time, there is a lack of data on the effect of cryopreservation, especially when prolonged, on the karyotype of cells. In the present work, we analyzed the genetic stability of cells subjected to a cryopreservation procedure. The objects were immortalized Chinese hamster lung fibroblasts (CHL V-79 RJK line) and human endometrial mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (eMSCs). We showed that short-term cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen for up to 6 months did not affect the karyotype stability of CHL V-79 RJK and eMSCs. On the contrary, karyotyping of G-banded metaphase chromosomes in cells underwent 10-year cryopreservation, which revealed genomic instability in both cell lines associated with the variability of chromosome number in cells, random chromosomal rearrangements, and condensation disorder in homologs. In addition, we found out that long-term cryopreservation of eMSCs does not affect the expression of their typical surface markers and morphology, but results in a significant reduction in proliferative potential and early manifestation of cellular senescence features upon eMSCs culturing. Thus, we concluded that the long-term cryopreservation of cells of different types and biological origin can lead to irreversible changes of their karyotype and acceleration of cellular senescence.


Assuntos
Criopreservação , Instabilidade Genômica , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , Cariotipagem , Linhagem Celular , Cariótipo , Cricetulus
7.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1176, 2024 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38332154

RESUMO

Circulation of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron XBB has resulted in the emergence of XBB.1.5, a new Variant of Interest. Our phylogenetic analysis suggests that XBB.1.5 evolved from XBB.1 by acquiring the S486P spike (S) mutation, subsequent to the acquisition of a nonsense mutation in ORF8. Neutralization assays showed similar abilities of immune escape between XBB.1.5 and XBB.1. We determine the structural basis for the interaction between human ACE2 and the S protein of XBB.1.5, showing similar overall structures between the S proteins of XBB.1 and XBB.1.5. We provide the intrinsic pathogenicity of XBB.1 and XBB.1.5 in hamsters. Importantly, we find that the ORF8 nonsense mutation of XBB.1.5 resulted in impairment of MHC suppression. In vivo experiments using recombinant viruses reveal that the XBB.1.5 mutations are involved with reduced virulence of XBB.1.5. Together, our study identifies the two viral functions defined the difference between XBB.1 and XBB.1.5.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Animais , Cricetinae , Humanos , Códon sem Sentido , Filogenia , SARS-CoV-2/genética , Bioensaio
8.
Parasitol Res ; 123(2): 135, 2024 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38363354

RESUMO

Opisthorchis viverrini infection is endemic in the lower Mekong subregion. The liver is an organ that worms are drawn to and cause damage. However, the immune-related susceptibility in the liver is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated T helper (Th) cell responses in the liver of BALB/c mice and golden Syrian hamsters during 2-28 days post-infection (DPI). We found that Th cell responses were distinct between mice and hamsters in terms of dynamics and polarization. Mice exhibited the early induction of Th1, Th2, Th17, and regulatory T (Treg) cells responses after the presence of O. viverrini worms at 2 DPI. In hamsters, the late induction of Th1/Th17, downregulation of Th2/Treg responses and early elevation of suppressive cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 were found together with swift reduction of Th cell numbers. Interestingly, expressions of IL-4 (Th2 functional cytokine) and Foxp3 (Treg lineage) were completely different between mice and hamsters which elevated in mice but suppressed in hamsters. These results suggest that early induction and well-regulation are related to host resistance. In contrast, late induction of Th cell response might allow immature worms to develop in the host. Our findings provide a greater understanding in Th cell response-related susceptibility in O. viverrini infection which would be targeting immunity for the development of immune-based intervention such as vaccine.


Assuntos
Opistorquíase , Opisthorchis , Cricetinae , Animais , Camundongos , Opistorquíase/prevenção & controle , Mesocricetus , Citocinas , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/metabolismo
9.
Radiol Oncol ; 58(1): 51-66, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378034

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Electrochemotherapy (ECT) is a treatment involving the administration of chemotherapeutics drugs followed by the application of 8 square monopolar pulses of 100 µs duration at a repetition frequency of 1 Hz or 5000 Hz. However, there is increasing interest in using alternative types of pulses for ECT. The use of high-frequency short bipolar pulses has been shown to mitigate pain and muscle contractions. Conversely, the use of millisecond pulses is interesting when combining ECT with gene electrotransfer for the uptake of DNA-encoding proteins that stimulate the immune response with the aim of converting ECT from a local to systemic treatment. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate how alternative types of pulses affect the efficiency of the ECT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed in vitro experiments, exposing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells to conventional ECT pulses, high-frequency bipolar pulses, and millisecond pulses in the presence of different concentrations of cisplatin. We determined cisplatin uptake by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and cisplatin cytotoxicity by the clonogenic assay. RESULTS: We observed that the three tested types of pulses potentiate the uptake and cytotoxicity of cisplatin in an equivalent manner, provided that the electric field is properly adjusted for each pulse type. Furthermore, we quantified that the number of cisplatin molecules, resulting in the eradication of most cells, was 2-7 × 107 per cell. CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency bipolar pulses and millisecond pulses can potentially be used in ECT to reduce pain and muscle contraction and increase the effect of the immune response in combination with gene electrotransfer, respectively.


Assuntos
Cisplatino , Eletroquimioterapia , Humanos , Animais , Cricetinae , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Eletroquimioterapia/métodos , Células CHO , Cricetulus
10.
Viruses ; 16(2)2024 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400021

RESUMO

Seasonal infection rates of individual viruses are influenced by synergistic or inhibitory interactions between coincident viruses. Endemic patterns of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza infection overlap seasonally in the Northern hemisphere and may be similarly influenced. We explored the immunopathologic basis of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza A (H1N1pdm09) interactions in Syrian hamsters. H1N1 given 48 h prior to SARS-CoV-2 profoundly mitigated weight loss and lung pathology compared to SARS-CoV-2 infection alone. This was accompanied by the normalization of granulocyte dynamics and accelerated antigen-presenting populations in bronchoalveolar lavage and blood. Using nasal transcriptomics, we identified a rapid upregulation of innate and antiviral pathways induced by H1N1 by the time of SARS-CoV-2 inoculation in 48 h dual-infected animals. The animals that were infected with both viruses also showed a notable and temporary downregulation of mitochondrial and viral replication pathways. Quantitative RT-PCR confirmed a decrease in the SARS-CoV-2 viral load and lower cytokine levels in the lungs of animals infected with both viruses throughout the course of the disease. Our data confirm that H1N1 infection induces rapid and transient gene expression that is associated with the mitigation of SARS-CoV-2 pulmonary disease. These protective responses are likely to begin in the upper respiratory tract shortly after infection. On a population level, interaction between these two viruses may influence their relative seasonal infection rates.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , COVID-19/patologia , Mesocricetus , SARS-CoV-2 , Influenza Humana/patologia , Pulmão , Modelos Animais de Doenças
11.
Viruses ; 16(2)2024 Feb 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38400054

RESUMO

Orthohantaviruses may cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome or hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome. Andes virus (ANDV) is the only orthohantavirus associated with human-human transmission. Therefore, emergency vaccination would be a valuable public health measure to combat ANDV-derived infection clusters. Here, we utilized a promising vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-based vaccine to advance the approach for emergency applications. We compared monovalent and bivalent VSV vectors containing the Ebola virus (EBOV), glycoprotein (GP), and ANDV glycoprotein precursor (GPC) for protective efficacy in pre-, peri- and post-exposure immunization by the intraperitoneal and intranasal routes. Inclusion of the EBOV GP was based on its favorable immune cell targeting and the strong innate responses elicited by the VSV-EBOV vaccine. Our data indicates no difference of ANDV GPC expressing VSV vectors in pre-exposure immunization independent of route, but a potential benefit of the bivalent VSVs following peri- and post-exposure intraperitoneal vaccination.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Ebola , Ebolavirus , Orthohantavírus , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , Vesiculovirus/genética , Vírus da Estomatite Vesicular Indiana/genética , Ebolavirus/genética , Glicoproteínas , Anticorpos Antivirais
12.
Biotechnol J ; 19(2): e2300495, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403407

RESUMO

The optimization of bioprocess for CHO cell culture involves careful consideration of factors such as nutrient consumption, metabolic byproduct accumulation, cell growth, and monoclonal antibody (mAb) production. Valuable insights can be obtained by understanding cellular physiology to ensure robust and efficient bioprocess. This study aims to improve our understanding of the CHO-K1 cell metabolism using 1 H NMR-based metabolomics. Initially, the variations in culture performance and metabolic profiles under varied aeration conditions and copper supplementations were thoroughly examined. Furthermore, a comprehensive metabolic pathway analysis was performed to assess the impact of these conditions on the implicated pathways. The results revealed substantial alterations in the pyruvate metabolism, histidine metabolism, as well as phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis, which were especially evident in cultures subjected to copper deficiency conditions. Conclusively, significant metabolites governing cell growth and mAb titer were identified through orthogonal partial least square-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA). Metabolites, including glycerol, alanine, formate, glutamate, phenylalanine, and valine, exhibited strong associations with distinct cell growth phases. Additionally, glycerol, acetate, lactate, formate, glycine, histidine, and aspartate emerged as metabolites influencing cell productivity. This study demonstrates the potential of employing 1 H NMR-based metabolomics technology in bioprocess research. It provides valuable guidance for feed medium development, feeding strategy design, bioprocess parameter adjustments, and ultimately the enhancement of cell proliferation and mAb yield.


Assuntos
Cobre , Histidina , Cricetinae , Animais , Glicerol , Metabolômica/métodos , Cricetulus , Fenilalanina , Formiatos , Suplementos Nutricionais
13.
Biotechnol J ; 19(2): e2300407, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403434

RESUMO

Monitoring the stability of recombinant Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cell lines is essential to ensure the selection of production cell lines suitable for biomanufacturing. It has been frequently observed that recombinant CHO cell lines develop phenotypic changes upon aging, such as accelerated cell growth in late generation cultures. However, the mechanism responsible for age-correlated changes is poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the age-correlated cell growth improvement in Pfizer's platform fed-batch production process, by examining multiple cell lines derived from different CHO expression systems, expressing a variety of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). Comprehensive whole-genome resequencing analysis revealed duplication of a continuous 50.2 Mbp segment in chromosome 2 (Chr2) specific to clones that showed age-correlated growth change as compared to clones that did not exhibit age-correlated growth change. Moreover, such age- and growth-related Chr2 duplication was independent of the presence or type of recombinant monoclonal antibody expression. When we compared transcriptome profiles from low-growth and high-growth cell lines, we found that >95% of the genes overexpressed in high-growth cell lines were in the duplicated Chr2 segment. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of large genomic duplication, specific to Chr2, being associated with age-correlated growth change. Investigation of the cause-and-effect relationship between the genes identified in the duplicated regions and age-correlated growth change is underway. We are confident that this effort will lead to improved cell line screening and targeted rational cell line engineering efforts to develop cell lines with improved stability performance.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2 , Cricetinae , Humanos , Animais , Cricetulus , Células CHO , Cromossomos Humanos Par 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Anticorpos Monoclonais/genética
14.
Biotechnol J ; 19(2): e2300492, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38403438

RESUMO

Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that recognize and bind to specific antigens (Ags) have a wide range of applications in research, therapy, and diagnostics. However, many of these antibodies cannot bind well to the native Ags. In this study, based on the Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell display platform developed previously in our lab, we reported a novel artificial evolution procedure to improve the affinity of mAb against the native Ag directly using the plasma samples without purification of the native Ag. In this procedure, a pair of antibodies able to bind the Ag in sandwich manner are first confirmed (Ab1/Ab2) and the antibody (Ab) to be affinity-improved (Ab1) is displayed on CHO cells for Ab mutation. Then the cells were detected and sorted with flow cytometry in the form of Ab1-Ag-fluorescence labeled Ab2, which we named sandwich flow cytometry. Here, we used soluble isoform of suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) protein as model Ag, carried out "sandwich" maturation directly using the plasma samples containing the native sST2 protein and optimized a pair of antibodies with significantly improved sensitivity in the detection of the native sST2 in plasma. This method could be very useful in optimization of the diagnostic Ab pairs working in a "sandwich" manner if more antibodies were also successfully affinity-matured with this method.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais , Animais , Cricetinae , Células CHO , Citometria de Fluxo , Cricetulus
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(4)2024 Feb 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38396699

RESUMO

Dengue virus (DENV) causes dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever, and DENV infection kills 20,000 people annually worldwide. Therefore, the development of anti-DENV drugs is urgently needed. Sofosbuvir (SOF) is an effective drug for HCV-related diseases, and its triphosphorylated metabolite inhibits viral RNA synthesis by the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of HCV. (2'R)-2'-Deoxy-2'-fluoro-2'-methyluridine (FMeU) is the dephosphorylated metabolite produced from SOF. The effects of SOF and FMeU on DENV1 replication were analyzed using two DENV1 replicon-based methods that we previously established. First, a replicon-harboring cell assay showed that DENV1 replicon replication in human hepatic Huh7 cells was decreased by SOF but not by FMeU. Second, a transient replicon assay showed that DENV1 replicon replication in Huh7 cells was decreased by SOF; however, in hamster kidney BHK-21 cells, it was not suppressed by SOF. Additionally, the replicon replication in Huh7 and BHK-21 cells was not affected by FMeU. Moreover, we assessed the effects of SOF on infectious DENV1 production. SOF suppressed infectious DENV1 production in Huh7 cells but not in monkey kidney Vero cells. To examine the substrate recognition of the HCV and DENV1 RdRps, the complex conformation of SOF-containing DENV1 RdRp or HCV RdRp was predicted using AlphaFold 2. These results indicate that SOF may be used as a treatment for DENV1 infection.


Assuntos
Hepatite C , Sofosbuvir , Animais , Cricetinae , Chlorocebus aethiops , Humanos , Sofosbuvir/farmacologia , Antivirais/farmacologia , Células Vero , RNA Polimerase Dependente de RNA , Replicação Viral , Hepacivirus/genética
16.
J Chromatogr A ; 1718: 464722, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38359690

RESUMO

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) is the most common monoclonal antibody (mAb) grown for therapeutic applications. While IgG is often selectively isolated from cell lines using protein A (ProA) chromatography, this is only a stepping stone for complete characterization. Further classification can be obtained from weak cation exchange chromatography (WCX) to determine IgG charge variant distributions. The charge variants of monoclonal antibodies can influence the stability and efficacy in vivo, and deviations in charge heterogeneity are often cell-specific and sensitive to upstream process variability. Current methods to characterize IgG charge variants are often performed off-line, meaning that the IgG eluate from the ProA separation is collected, diluted to adjust the pH, and then transferred to the WCX separation, adding time, complexity, and potential contamination to the sample analysis process. More recently, reports have appeared to streamline this separation using in-line two-dimensional liquid chromatography (2D-LC). Presented here is a novel, 2D-LC coupling of ProA in the first dimension (1D) and WCX in the second dimension (2D) chromatography. As anticipated, the initial direct column coupling proved to be challenging due to the pH incompatibility between the mobile phases for the two stages. To solve the solvent compatibility issue, a size exclusion column was placed in the switching valve loop of the 2D-LC instrument to act as a means for the on-line solvent exchange. The efficacy of the methodology presented was confirmed through a charge variant determination using the NIST monoclonal antibody standard (NIST mAb), yielding correct acidic, main, and basic variant compositions. The methodology was employed to determine the charge variant profile of IgG from an in-house cultured Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell supernatant. It is believed that this methodology can be easily implemented to provide higher-throughput assessment of IgG charge variants for process monitoring and cell line development.


Assuntos
Imunoglobulina G , Proteína Estafilocócica A , Cricetinae , Animais , Cricetulus , Imunoglobulina G/química , Cromatografia por Troca Iônica/métodos , Células CHO , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Cátions , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Solventes
17.
Appl Microbiol Biotechnol ; 108(1): 224, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38376550

RESUMO

The occurrence of autophagy in recombinant Chinese hamster ovary (rCHO) cell culture has attracted attention due to its effects on therapeutic protein production. Given the significance of glycosylation in therapeutic proteins, this study examined the effects of autophagy-inhibiting chemicals on sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoproteins in rCHO cells. Three chemical autophagy inhibitors known to inhibit different stages were separately treated with two rCHO cell lines that produce the same Fc-fusion glycoprotein derived from DUKX-B11 and DG44. All autophagy inhibitors significantly decreased the sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoprotein in both cell lines. The decrease in sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoprotein is unlikely to be attributed to the release of intracellular enzymes, given the high cell viability and low activity of extracellular sialidases. Interestingly, the five intracellular nucleotide sugars remained abundant in cells treated with autophagy inhibitors. In the mRNA expression profiles of 27 N-glycosylation-related genes using the NanoString nCounter system, no significant differences in gene expression were noted. With the positive effect of supplementing nucleotide sugar precursors on sialylation, attempts were made to enhance the levels of intracellular nucleotide sugars by supplying these precursors. The addition of nucleotide sugar precursors to cultures treated with inhibitors successfully enhanced the sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoproteins compared to the control culture. This was particularly evident under mild stress conditions and not under relatively severe stress conditions, which were characterized by a high decrease in sialylation. These results suggest that inhibiting autophagy in rCHO cell culture decreases sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoprotein by constraining the availability of intracellular nucleotide sugars. KEY POINTS: •  The autophagy inhibition in rCHO cell culture leads to a significant reduction in the sialylation of Fc-fusion glycoprotein. •  The pool of five intracellular nucleotide sugars remained highly abundant in cells treated with autophagy inhibitors. •  Supplementation of nucleotide sugar precursors effectively restores decreased sialylation, particularly under mild stress conditions but not in relatively severe stress conditions.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Glicoproteínas , Animais , Cricetinae , Células CHO , Cricetulus , Glicoproteínas/genética , Nucleotídeos , Açúcares
18.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 4348, 2024 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388635

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic triggered the resurgence of synthetic RNA vaccine platforms allowing rapid, scalable, low-cost manufacturing, and safe administration of therapeutic vaccines. Self-amplifying mRNA (SAM), which self-replicates upon delivery into the cellular cytoplasm, leads to a strong and sustained immune response. Such mRNAs are encapsulated within lipid nanoparticles (LNPs) that act as a vehicle for delivery to the cell cytoplasm. A better understanding of LNP-mediated SAM uptake and release mechanisms in different types of cells is critical for designing effective vaccines. Here, we investigated the cellular uptake of a SAM-LNP formulation and subsequent intracellular expression of SAM in baby hamster kidney (BHK-21) cells using hyperspectral coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering (HS-CARS) microscopy and multiphoton-excited fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM). Cell classification pipelines based on HS-CARS and FLIM features were developed to obtain insights on spectral and metabolic changes associated with SAM-LNPs uptake. We observed elevated lipid intensities with the HS-CARS modality in cells treated with LNPs versus PBS-treated cells, and simultaneous fluorescence images revealed SAM expression inside BHK-21 cell nuclei and cytoplasm within 5 h of treatment. In a separate experiment, we observed a strong correlation between the SAM expression and mean fluorescence lifetime of the bound NAD(P)H population. This work demonstrates the ability and significance of multimodal optical imaging techniques to assess the cellular uptake of SAM-LNPs and the subsequent changes occurring in the cellular microenvironment following the vaccine expression.


Assuntos
Lipossomos , Nanopartículas , Vacinas de mRNA , Animais , Cricetinae , Humanos , Pandemias , Microscopia de Fluorescência
19.
J Virol ; 98(2): e0154623, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38299865

RESUMO

Vaccine-induced mucosal immunity and broad protective capacity against various severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants remain inadequate. Formyl peptide receptor-like 1 inhibitory protein (FLIPr), produced by Staphylococcus aureus, can bind to various Fcγ receptor subclasses. Recombinant lipidated FLIPr (rLF) was previously found to be an effective adjuvant. In this study, we developed a vaccine candidate, the recombinant Delta SARS-CoV-2 spike (rDS)-FLIPr fusion protein (rDS-F), which employs the property of FLIPr binding to various Fcγ receptors. Our study shows that rDS-F plus rLF promotes rDS capture by dendritic cells. Intranasal vaccination of mice with rDS-F plus rLF increases persistent systemic and mucosal antibody responses and CD4/CD8 T-cell responses. Importantly, antibodies induced by rDS-F plus rLF vaccination neutralize Delta, Wuhan, Alpha, Beta, and Omicron strains. Additionally, rDS-F plus rLF provides protective effects against various SARS-CoV-2 variants in hamsters by reducing inflammation and viral loads in the lung. Therefore, rDS-F plus rLF is a potential vaccine candidate to induce broad protective responses against various SARS-CoV-2 variants.IMPORTANCEMucosal immunity is vital for combating pathogens, especially in the context of respiratory diseases like COVID-19. Despite this, most approved vaccines are administered via injection, providing systemic but limited mucosal protection. Developing vaccines that stimulate both mucosal and systemic immunity to address future coronavirus mutations is a growing trend. However, eliciting strong mucosal immune responses without adjuvants remains a challenge. In our study, we have demonstrated that using a recombinant severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) spike-formyl peptide receptor-like 1 inhibitory protein (FLIPr) fusion protein as an antigen, in combination with recombinant lipidated FLIPr as an effective adjuvant, induced simultaneous systemic and mucosal immune responses through intranasal immunization in mice and hamster models. This approach offered protection against various SARS-CoV-2 strains, making it a promising vaccine candidate for broad protection. This finding is pivotal for future broad-spectrum vaccine development.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas , Cricetinae , Animais , Humanos , Camundongos , SARS-CoV-2 , Receptores de Formil Peptídeo , Receptores de IgG , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Anticorpos Antivirais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/genética
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 129: 111630, 2024 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320355

RESUMO

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) incessantly engenders mutating strains via immune escape mechanisms, substantially escalating the risk of severe acute respiratory syndrome. In this context, the urgent development of innovative and efficacious mRNA vaccines is imperative. In our study, we synthesized six unique mRNA vaccine formulations: the Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) monomer vaccine, RBD dimer (2RBD) vaccine, RBD-Ferritin (RBD-Fe) vaccine, ubiquitin-modified wild-type Nucleocapsid gene (WT-N) vaccine, rearranged Nucleocapsid gene (Re-N) vaccine, and an epitope-based (COVID-19 epitope) vaccine, all encapsulated within the lipid nanoparticle SM102. Immunization studies conducted on C57BL/6 mice with these vaccines revealed that the RBD monomer, RBD dimer (2RBD), and RBD-Fe vaccines elicited robust titers of specific antibodies, including neutralizing antibodies. In contrast, the wild-type N gene (WT-N), rearrange N gene (Re-N), and COVID-19 epitope vaccines predominantly induced potent cellular immune responses. Protective efficacy assays in golden hamsters demonstrated that vaccinated cohorts showed significant reduction in lung pathology, markedly lower viral loads in the lungs, nasal turbinates, and trachea, and substantially reduced transcriptional and expression levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Overall, our vaccine candidates pave the way for novel strategies in vaccine development against various infectious agents and establish a critical foundation for the formulation of advanced vaccines targeting emerging pathogens.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Vacinas de mRNA , Camundongos , Animais , Cricetinae , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , SARS-CoV-2 , Ferritinas/genética , COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Ubiquitinação , Vacinas contra COVID-19 , Anticorpos Neutralizantes , Epitopos , Imunidade , Anticorpos Antivirais
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...