Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 12.185
Filtrar
1.
Food Chem ; 366: 130539, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34284191

RESUMO

The exploration of novel functional packaging films is of great scientific and technological interest. Herein, a novel chitosan/hollow g-C3N4/curcumin (CS-HCNS-Cur) biocomposite films was successful fabricated with integrated functions of slow release, antimicrobial activity and food freshness preservation. CS-HCNS-Cur films take the advantages of the excellent thermal stability and slow-release ability of HCNS to curcumin. Among the characterizations including scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope, atomic force microscopy, fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, mechanical properties and the rheological properties measurements confirmed the successful fabrication of CS-HCNS-Cur films. The averaged water contact angle and water vapor permeability of this film were 105.83° and 105.03 × 10-5 g·mm (m2·h·kPa)-1, respectively. This film showed pH-responsive and slow-release ability. Moreover, this film can effectively store bananas for 10 days. Therefore, CS-HCNS-Cur films have promising potential for applications in functional food packaging.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Curcumina , Musa , Nanopartículas , Grafite , Compostos de Nitrogênio , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
2.
Food Chem ; 367: 130700, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352694

RESUMO

Present study prepared curcumin-loaded nanoliposomes using bovine milk, krill phospholipids and cholesterol; and investigated the effects of cholesterol on membrane characteristics, storage stability and antibacterial properties of the curcumin nanoliposomes. Bovine milk phospholipids which have higher saturation than krill phospholipids resulted in formation of curcumin-loaded nanoliposomes with higher encapsulation efficiency (84.78%), larger absolute value of zeta potential and vesicle size (size: 159.15 ± 5.27 nm, zeta potential: -28.3 ± 0.62 mV). Cholesterol helps to formation of a more hydrophobic, compact and tighter bilayer membrane structure which improved the storage stability of nanoliposomes under alkaline (66.25 ± 0.46%), heat (43.25 ± 0.69%) and sunlight (49.44 ± 1.78%) conditions. In addition, curcumin-loaded nanoliposomes can effectively target infectious bacteria which secrete pore-forming toxins such as Staphylococcus aureus by causing the bacterial cell wall to lysis. Findings from present work can guide future development of novel antibacterial agents for use in food preservation.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Fosfolipídeos , Animais , Antibacterianos , Bovinos , Colesterol , Lipossomos , Leite , Tamanho da Partícula
3.
Food Chem ; 367: 130726, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352698

RESUMO

The impact of different complexes on the properties of ß-carotene-loaded emulsions was investigated by measuring the droplet size, encapsulation efficiency, droplet morphology, and physical stability. The photo and thermal stability of ß-carotene and its bioaccessibility during digestion were also analyzed. Comparing to the emulsions stabilized by other complexes, the emulsion stabilized by the high methoxyl pectin-rhamnolipid-pea protein isolate-curcumin (HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur) complex had the smallest droplet size (17.53 ± 0.15 µm) and the maximum encapsulation efficiency for curcumin (90.33 ± 0.03 %) and ß-carotene (92.16 ± 0.01 %). The emulsion stabilized by the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex exhibited better physical stability against creaming. The retention rate of ß-carotene in the HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion was 17.75 ± 0.02 and 33.64 ± 0.02 % after UV irradiation and thermal treatment. The HMP-Rha-PPI-Cur complex-stabilized emulsion also had a higher level of free fatty acid released (43.67 %) and higher bioaccessibility of ß-carotene (32.35 ± 0.02 %).


Assuntos
Curcumina , Proteínas de Ervilha , Carotenoides , Emulsões , Tamanho da Partícula , Pectinas , Tensoativos , beta Caroteno
4.
Food Chem ; 367: 130716, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384981

RESUMO

Preparation of protein/polysaccharide nanocomplexes for delivering environment-sensitive bioactive compounds is significant in the fields of functional foods and pharmaceuticals. In this work, ovalbumin-pullulan (OVA-Pul) nanogels were fabricated through Maillard reaction combined with heat treatment. The results of SDS-PAGE, circular dichroism and conjugation yield (84.96%) confirmed the covalent crosslinking of ovalbumin to pullulan. Dynamic light scattering measurements indicated that nanogels and curcumin-loaded nanogels exhibited small particle diameter at around 190 nm and 160 nm, and excellent polydispersity index at 0.227 and 0.146, respectively. OVA-Pul nanogels showed good encapsulation efficiency (88.38%) and loading capacity (8.78%) for curcumin. Transmission electron microscope observations and in vitro gastrointestinal digestion suggested that OVA-Pul nanogels facilitated the controlled release of curcumin and the spherical structure of curcumin-loaded nanogels was damaged during digestion. Notably, both nanogels and curcumin-loaded nanogels showed desirable storage stability during 30 d. Hence, OVA-Pul nanogels have the potential for effectively delivering nutrients and drugs.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Glucanos , Nanogéis , Ovalbumina
5.
Food Chem ; 367: 130764, 2022 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34384986

RESUMO

The development of food proteins as effective delivery systems is of great significance for the encapsulation of active compounds. Foxtail millet prolamin (FP) has a high level of hydrophobic amino acids and proline, meets the basic characteristics of delivery system, and was described here for the first time as an effective delivery system for the encapsulation of curcumin. The interaction between FP and curcumin was confirmed by fluorescence spectroscopy, showing the joint driving of hydrophobic forces and hydrogen bonds. Curcumin-loaded caseinate-stabilized FP nanodispersions were prepared by anti-solvent/evaporation method. The mean particle size was about 220-235 nm, sharing features of a spherical shape, uniform particle size, and smooth surfaces. High level of curcumin was encapsulated in the FP-based nanoparticles, exhibiting high particle yield (>88.4%) and encouraging encapsulation efficiency (>71.3%). X-ray diffraction and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy demonstrated that the encapsulated curcumin was amorphous state and interacted with proteins via non-covalent bonds. The nano-sized particles can effectively prevent the degradation of curcumin during heat treatment, and significantly enhance the antioxidant and anti-tumor properties. This study provides a new encapsulant for effective protection and targeted delivery of hydrophobic active biomolecules.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Nanopartículas , Setaria (Planta) , Portadores de Fármacos , Tamanho da Partícula , Prolaminas
6.
Talanta ; 236: 122899, 2022 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34635272

RESUMO

A real-time quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) cytosensor was first developed for dynamical and noninvasive monitoring of cell viscoelasticity for evaluation of apoptosis degree. In this work, human breast cancer cells MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 were employed as cell model and respectively captured on the surface of QCM electrode modified with mercaptosuccinic acid and poly-l-lysine. Cell viscoelasticity was measured dynamically by real-time monitoring energy dissipation with QCM, and the dynamic diagram of the energy dissipation of MDA-MB-231 cells treated with curcumin was first obtained. The results displayed that the changes of energy dissipation in MDA-MB-231 cells and MCF-7 cells were 8.81 × 10-6 and 5.29 × 10-6, particularly due to the difference in cell viscoelasticity. Furthermore, curcumin was used to induce cell apoptosis and suppress energy dissipation of MDA-MB-231 cells. Combining apoptosis assay with QCM measurement, the results revealed good linear relationship between cell viscoelasticity inhibition and apoptosis rate with correlation coefficient R = 0.9908. The QCM cytosensor could rapidly, accurately, dynamically, and noninvasively monitor the changes of cell viscoelasticity for evaluation of apoptosis degree in MDA-MB-231 cells. The study established a new model for cell apoptosis assessment, facilitating understanding of the mechanisms of cell apoptosis on the aspect of mechanical properties.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Neoplasias da Mama , Curcumina , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Viscosidade
7.
Food Chem ; 368: 130651, 2022 Jan 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34392117

RESUMO

Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and BSA-glucose conjugates (GBSAⅠ and GBSAⅠI) with different extent of glycation were complexed with curcumin (CUR). The formation mechanism of BSA/GBSA-CUR complexes and the effect of glycation on their physicochemical properties were investigated. Fluorescence quenching and FTIR analysis indicated that the BSA/GBSA-CUR nanocomplexes were formed mainly by hydrophobic interactions. XRD analysis demonstrated that CUR was present in an amorphous state in the nanocomplexes. BSA with a greater extent of glycation (BSA < GBSAⅠ

Assuntos
Curcumina , Glicosilação , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Soroalbumina Bovina
8.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 20: e214034, jan.-dez. 2021. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1282553

RESUMO

Aim: To compare Enterococcus faecalis reduction after antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) used with methylene blue, toluidine blue, tannin, and curcumin as photosensitizers, an adjunct to endodontic chemomechanical preparation (CMP) in root canals of human teeth. Methods: A total of 120 single-rooted teeth were divided into 6 groups (n = 20): G1- CMP and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl); G2- CMP and saline solution; G3- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% methylene blue; G4- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% toluidine blue; G5- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% tannin; and G6- CMP, 2.5% NaOCl, and aPDT with 0.005% curcumin. A portable semiconductor laser was used (660 nm, 100 mW, 1.8 J, 180s) in groups 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and a blue LED light-curing (420-480 nm, 1200 mV/cm2 ) in G6. For all groups, a 5 min pre-irradiation time was applied. Samples were collected before (initial collection), immediately after (intermediate collection) and 7 days after CMP (final collection) for colony-forming unit (CFU) counting. The Kruskal-Wallis test and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were performed (p < 0.05; 95% confidence interval). Results: In between-group comparisons, there was no significant difference observed in the number of CFUs at the initial (p >< 0.001) and final collections (p >< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies.>< 0.05; 95% confidence interval). Results: In between-group comparisons, there was no significant difference observed in the number of CFUs at the initial (p < 0.001) and final collections (p >< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies.>< 0.001) and final collections (p < 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies>< 0.001) for G2 and G3. In within-group comparisons, the number of CFUs showed a decreasing trend in G4 (p = 0.007) and G5 (p = 0.001). Conclusion: Photosensitizers promoted E. faecalis reduction, with better results for tannin and curcumin. Alternative photosensitizers should be the focus of further studies


Assuntos
Fotoquimioterapia , Taninos , Fármacos Fotossensibilizantes , Curcumina , Endodontia
9.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(10): 917-922, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34670669

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of curcumin combined with 5-FU on autophagy and Yes-associated protein (YAP) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Methods HepG2 cells, HepG2 cells with stable YAP overexpression, and HepG2 cells with stable YAP knockdown were treated with 10 µmol/L of curcumin and 10 µg/mL of 5-FU alone and in combination for 24 hours. The proliferation of cells was detected by MTT assay. The expression changes of autophagy markers microtubule-associated protein LC3II and YAP were detected by Western blotting. Results When the two agents were used in combination, the inhibition rate of tumor cell proliferation was significantly higher than that of each single agent group. Compared with the control group, group with curcumin, group with 5-FU, and combination group could increase the expression level of LC3II protein and decrease that of YAP in HepG2 cells, HepG2 cells with stable YAP overexpression, and HepG2 cells with stable YAP knockdown. Conclusion The combination of curcumin and 5-FU induces autophagy and down-regulates the expression of YAP in hepatocellular carcinoma cells.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Curcumina , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Apoptose , Autofagia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Curcumina/farmacologia , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética
10.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 22(7): 751-755, 2021 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34615779

RESUMO

AIM AND OBJECTIVE: This study aims to compare the efficacy of TurmNova® lozenges and its active ingredient "curcumin" as a low-cost, safe, and noninvasive chemopreventive agent with intralesional corticosteroids (with hyaluronidase) in the management of oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 80 patients with group III OSMF (Khanna JN and Andrade NN classification) visiting the dental outpatient clinic of the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology Rama Dental College Hospital and Research Center, Kanpur, were selected for the study. A total of 80 patients were randomly divided into two groups (40 participants each): group A to whom TurmNova® lozenges containing turmeric extract 100 mg along with clove oil 10 mg three times daily for 3 months were given and group B to whom intralesional infiltration of 2 mL dexamethasone (4 mg/mL) + hyaluronidase 1500 IU dissolved in 0.5 mL of 2% lignocaine twice a week for 3 months was given. Data were analyzed using the IBM SPSS Statistics, version 21 (IBM Corp. Released 2012. IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows, version 21.0. Armonk, New York: IBM Corp.) Results: Statistical analysis revealed that there was significant clinical improvement in mouth opening and subjective symptoms, like burning sensation/pain associated with the lesion and tongue protrusion in the group A as compared to group B. CONCLUSION: Curcumin (100 mg) in an innovative delivery system of lozenge results in a higher level of plasma curcumin level. The aforementioned dosages prevent its biotransformation and inactivation by the liver enzymes. Because of these properties, curcumin lozenges are safer, low-cost, and effective alternative treatment in contrast to the present traditional treatment. Further long-term, prospective, large-scale studies need to be done. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Curcumin has a role in the treatment of oral premalignant conditions and acts as a very effective chemopreventive agent in the prevention of cancer.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Fibrose Oral Submucosa , Corticosteroides , Humanos , Hialuronoglucosaminidase , Fibrose Oral Submucosa/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Prospectivos
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(37): 11006-11014, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34491745

RESUMO

Many phytochemicals suffer from poor water dispersity and storage stability, which restrict their application within aqueous-based commercial products. ß-Cyclodextrin (ß-CD) is a water-dispersible molecule with a hydrophobic core that can encapsulate and protect non-polar substances. The functional attributes of ß-CD can be further enhanced by chemical modification. In this study, a simple and effective dry-heating process was applied to fabricate succinic acid (SA)-modified ß-CD (SACD) through esterification. SACD showed better encapsulation property than non-modified ß-CD to guest molecules such as methyl orange (up to 1.41-folds of ß-CD) and curcumin (with an encapsulation efficiency of up to 10 mg/g). Meanwhile, higher water solubility (up to 469.30 g per 100 g of H2O) was achieved for SACD, indicating that a high dose of SACD could be applied in an aqueous food matrix. Such a simple strategy exhibiting low cytotoxicity shows great potential incorporating bioactive compounds into functional foods.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Ciclodextrinas , Interações Hidrofóbicas e Hidrofílicas , Solubilidade , Água
12.
Tumour Biol ; 43(1): 225-247, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34542050

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The limitations of surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy in cancer treatment and the increase in the application of nanomaterials in the field of biomedicine have promoted the use of nanomaterials in combination with radiotherapy for cancer treatment. OBJECTIVE: To improve the efficiency of cancer treatment, curcumin-naringenin loaded dextran-coated magnetic nanoparticles (CUR-NAR-D-MNPs) were used as chemotherapy and in combination with radiotherapy to verify their effectiveness in treating tumors. METHODS: CUR-NAR-D-MNPs were prepared and studied by several characterization methods. Median inhibitory concentration (IC50) and cellular toxicity were evaluated by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazolyl-2)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The cell death and radiosensitization were studied by acridine orange/ethidium bromide dual staining of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. RESULTS: CUR-NAR-D-MNPs induce apoptosis and inhibited cell proliferation through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. CUR-NAR-D-MNPs used alone had a certain therapeutic effect on tumors. CUR-NAR-D-MNPs plus radiotherapy significantly reduced the tumor volume and led to cell cycle arrest and induction of apoptosis through modulation of P53high, P21high, TNF-αlow, CD44low, and ROShigh signalingCONCLUSIONS:CUR-NAR-D-MNPs are effective in the treatment of tumors when combined with radiotherapy, and show radiosensitization effects against cancer proliferation in vitro and in vivo.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Curcumina/química , Flavanonas/química , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Radiossensibilizantes/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Quimiorradioterapia , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Dextranos/química , Feminino , Flavanonas/farmacologia , Flavanonas/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/uso terapêutico , Camundongos , Radiossensibilizantes/química , Radiossensibilizantes/farmacologia , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
13.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 31(3): 673-682, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34483625

RESUMO

Background: Alcohol consumption can cause hepatitis and long-term cirrhosis of the liver. The aim of this study was to evaluate the protective effects of curcumin (CUR) and ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) alone and together in the prevention and treatment of liver damage caused by overuse of ethanol. Methods: Adult Wistar rats were divided into 8 groups of 5, including the control group and various combinations of ethanol, CUR and UDCA groups. Twenty-eight days after the oral treatment, serum levels of aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) and Arginase I (ArgI) as well as serum levels of Albumin (Alb), total protein (TP) and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) were measured, and liver tissue was evaluated histopathologically. Results: The solo administration of CUR, UDCA and CUR+UDCA had no effect on the blood parameters and liver tissue compared to the control group (p>0.05). The solo administration of CUR and UDCA in ethanol-treated rats significantly reduced ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, ArgI and BUN levels (p<0.05), while the solo administration increased Alb and TP levels compared to the ethanol group (p<0.05). In these groups, a significant decrease in cell necrosis and local inflammation of hepatocytes was observed, and the liver damage was mild. However, co-administration of ethanol, CUR and UDCA made significantly greater decrease in ALT, AST, ALP, GGT, ArgI and BUN levels (p>0.05), while the co-administration greatly increased Alb and TP levels compared to the ethanol group (p<0.05). Histopathologically, a decrease in structural changes in liver tissue and inflammation was observed, resulting in the improvement of liver tissue. Conclusion: The solo administration of CUR and UDCA could reduce ethanol-induced liver damage in rats and improve liver's serum and blood parameters. However, the coadministration of CUR and UDCA has a greater efficacy.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Curcumina , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Curcumina/farmacologia , Etanol/toxicidade , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ácido Ursodesoxicólico
14.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 225: 112779, 2021 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34530259

RESUMO

Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE-47), a kind of lipophilic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) brominated flame retardant, has been widely used in various consumer products. However, the toxicity of PBDE-47 on human immune system has not been well elucidated. Neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) contribute to the innate immune responses, and the release of NETs is recognized as the most important part of the extracellular killing mechanism. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of PBDE-47 on NETs and its possible molecular mechanism, as well as the intervention effect of curcumin (Cur). In this study, the formation of PBDE-47-induced NETs was observed by fluorescence microscopy and scanning electron microscopy, and was also quantitatively detected by DNA dye SYTOX green. In addition, we used Cur and Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 to explore the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS), extracellular signal regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 signaling pathway in PBDE-47-induced reticular formation. We demonstrated that PBDE-47 could significantly induce the formation of NETs, and its molecular mechanism might be related to ROS burst. Cur reduced ROS and inhibited PBDE-47-induced NETs formation by interfering with Nrf2. In conclusion, this study revealed that Cur hindered PBDE-47-induced NETs via Nrf2-associated ROS inhibition, which enriched the cytotoxicity mechanism of PBDE-47, and provided a new clue for the development of Cur as an antagonist of PBDE-47-related immune injury.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Curcumina/farmacologia , Éteres Difenil Halogenados/toxicidade , Humanos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio
15.
Biomater Sci ; 9(20): 6851-6864, 2021 Oct 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34494051

RESUMO

Along with the successful commercialization of chemotherapeutics, such as doxorubicin and paclitaxel, numerous natural compounds have been investigated for clinical applications. Recently, curcumin (CUR), a natural compound with various therapeutic effects, has attracted attention for cancer immunotherapy. Most chemotherapeutics, however, have poor water solubility due to their hydrophobicity, which makes them less suited to biomedical applications; CUR is no exception because of its low bioavailability and extremely high hydrophobicity. In the present study, we developed an easy but effective strategy using the interaction between the 1,3-dicarbonyl groups of drugs and phenylboronic acid (PBA) to solubilize hydrophobic drugs. First, we verified the coordinate interaction between 1,3-dicarbonyl and PBA using 3,5-heptanedione as a model compound, followed by CUR as a model drug. A PBA-grafted hydrophilic polymer was used to form a nanoconstruct by coordination bonding with CUR, which then made direct administration of the nanoparticles possible. The nanoconstruct exhibited remarkable loading capability, uniform size, colloidal stability, and pH-responsive drug release, attributed to the formation of core-shell nanoconstructs by coordinate interaction. The therapeutic nanoconstructs successfully showed both chemotherapeutic and anti-PD-L1 anticancer effects in cellular and animal models. Furthermore, we demonstrated the applicability of this technique to other 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds. Overall, our findings suggest a facile, but expandable strategy by applying the coordinate interaction between 1,3-dicarbonyl and PBA, which enables high drug loading and stimuli-responsive drug release.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos , Curcumina , Nanopartículas , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ácidos Borônicos , Portadores de Fármacos , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Liberação Controlada de Fármacos
16.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 1078019, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497845

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the role of curcumin in regulating pathogenesis of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) derived from pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) model. Methods: Male Sprague Dawley rats were injected with monocrotaline (MCT) to establish the PAH experimental model. The rats were divided into control group, MCT group, and curcumin group. At the end of the study, hemodynamic data were measured to determine pulmonary hypertension. Proliferation ability of PASMCs, a remodeling indicator of pulmonary artery and right ventricle, was detected. In addition, the morphology and function of mitochondria, antiglycolysis and antiproliferation pathways, and genes were also analyzed. Results: Curcumin may function by reversing MCT-mediated pulmonary vascular remodeling in rats. Curcumin effectively improved pulmonary vascular remodeling, promoted PASMC apoptosis, and protected mitochondrial function. In addition, curcumin treatment suppressed the PI3K/AKT pathway in PASMCs and regulated the expression of antiproliferative genes. Conclusion: Curcumin can improve energy metabolism and reverse the process of PAHS. However, there were side effects of curcumin in MCT-induced rats, suggesting that the dosage should be treated with caution and its toxicological mechanism should be further studied and evaluated.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/patologia , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2021: 9983725, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471643

RESUMO

Excessive free fatty acid- (FFA-) induced endothelial lipotoxicity is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is mechanistically related to endothelial lipotoxicity. Lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1 (LOX-1) is the major oxidatively modified low-density lipoprotein (OxLDL) receptor in endothelial cells and is highly abundant in atherosclerotic lesions. Curcumin reduces the LOX-1 expression; however, the mechanism underlying this effect remains unknown. In the current study, we explored whether curcumin ameliorates palmitic acid- (PA-) induced endothelial lipotoxicity and LOX-1 upregulation by reducing ER stress in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). We built endothelial lipotoxicity in vitro and found that LOX-1 was upregulated after PA stimulation, during which ER stress played an important role. Next, we observed that curcumin substantially alleviated PA-induced lipotoxicity by restoring cell viability, increasing angiogenesis, and decreasing lipid deposition. Furthermore, LOX-1 upregulation in HUVECs was blocked by curcumin, possibly via ER stress suppression. Overall, our findings demonstrated that curcumin alleviates endothelial lipotoxicity and LOX-1 upregulation, and ER stress inhibition may play a critical role in this effect.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Palmítico/toxicidade , Receptores Depuradores Classe E/metabolismo , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Aterosclerose/induzido quimicamente , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Células Cultivadas , Inibidores Enzimáticos/toxicidade , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos
18.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(18)2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34576132

RESUMO

Although anti-cancer properties of the natural compound curcumin have been reported, low absorption and rapid metabolisation limit clinical use. The present study investigated whether irradiation with visible light may enhance the inhibitory effects of low-dosed curcumin on prostate cancer cell growth, proliferation, and metastasis in vitro. DU145 and PC3 cells were incubated with low-dosed curcumin (0.1-0.4 µg/mL) and subsequently irradiated with 1.65 J/cm2 visible light for 5 min. Controls remained untreated and/or non-irradiated. Cell growth, proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and chemotaxis were evaluated, as was cell cycle regulating protein expression (CDK, Cyclins), and integrins of the α- and ß-family. Curcumin or light alone did not cause any significant effects on tumor growth, proliferation, or metastasis. However, curcumin combined with light irradiation significantly suppressed tumor growth, adhesion, and migration. Phosphorylation of CDK1 decreased and expression of the counter-receptors cyclin A and B was diminished. Integrin α and ß subtypes were also reduced, compared to controls. Irradiation distinctly enhances the anti-tumor potential of curcumin in vitro and may hold promise in treating prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Curcumina/farmacologia , Luz , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Adesão Celular/efeitos da radiação , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos da radiação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/efeitos da radiação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos da radiação , Células Clonais , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/metabolismo , Humanos , Integrinas/metabolismo , Masculino , Metástase Neoplásica
19.
Res Vet Sci ; 140: 242-250, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34536813

RESUMO

Doxorubicin (DOX) is known to cause cognitive impairments in patients submitted to long-term chemotherapy (deficits also known as chemobrain). Therefore, there is an urgent need for therapeutic strategies capable of returning cancer survivors back to their previous quality of life. The present study investigated whether resveratrol (RSV) or curcumin (CUR) administration could affect mnemonic function and brain morphological changes following DOX administration in rats. Male Wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: DOX group (2.5 mg/kg/week for 4 weeks, i.p., plus distilled water for 28 days, oral gavage - OG), DOX + RSV group (DOX, 2.5 mg/kg/week for 4 weeks, i.p., plus RSV, 10 mg/kg/day for 28 days, OG), DOX + CUR group (DOX, 2.5 mg/kg/week for 4 weeks, i.p., plus CUR, 100 mg/kg/day for 28 days, OG) and control (CTR) group (0.9% saline solution weekly for 4 weeks, i.p., plus distilled water for 28 days, OG). Behavioral analyses (open field - OF - and the novel object recognition test - NORT) were performed. Brains were collected and analyzed by hematoxylin-eosin and luxol fast blue staining techniques and by immunohistochemistry for GFAP (glial fibrillary acidic protein) expression in astrocytes and Iba1 (ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1) expression in microglia. DOX-injected rats presented short-term and long-term memory impairments as seen in the NORT at 3 and 24 h after habituation and increased GFAP and Iba1 expression, respectively, in astrocytes and microglia of the frontal cortex, hypothalamus and hippocampus. Such cognitive deficits were prevented by CUR at both periods and by RSV at 24 h. DOX-induced astrogliosis and microgliosis were avoided by RSV and CUR. No signs of demyelination or neuronal loss were found in any group. Thus, CUR and RSV prevented memory loss, astrogliosis and microgliosis induced by DOX monotherapy.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Curcumina , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Curcumina/farmacologia , Curcumina/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/toxicidade , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Resveratrol
20.
Phytomedicine ; 92: 153758, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34592487

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite recent advances in understanding the complex immunologic dysfunction in the tumor microenvironment (TME), fewer than 20% of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) respond to immune checkpoint blockade (ICB). Thus, it is important to understand how inhibitory IC receptors maintain the suppressed dysfunctional TME, and to develop more effective combination immunotherapy. This study evaluated the immune-modulating effects of Curcumin, which has well-established anti-cancer and chemopreventive properties, and its long-term safety as a phytochemical drug. METHODS: We carried out the western blot and small interfering RNA (siRNA) transfection assay to evaluate the effects of Curcumin on IC ligands and IC ligands function in HNSCC. Through T-cell cytotoxicity assay and measurements of cytokine secretion, we assessed the effects of combination of Curcumin with programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) Ab on cancer cell killing. Flow cytometry were used to analyze the effects of Curcumin on the expression of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin-domain3 (TIM-3) on CD4, CD8 and Treg. Immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to detecte the cytokine (IFN-γ, Granzyme B), IC receptors (PD-1 and TIM-3) and its ligands (PD-L1, PD-L2, Galectin-9) in xenograft mouse model and 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide (4-NQO) oral cancer model. RESULTS: We found that Curcumin decreased the expression of IC ligands such as PD-L1, PD-L2, and Galectin-9 in HNSCC, leading to regulation of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition-associated tumor invasion. Curcumin also effectively restored the ability of CD8+ cytotoxic T cells to lyse cancer cells. To evaluate the effect of Curcumin on the TME further, the 4-NQO oral cancer model was used. Curcumin increased T-cell proliferation, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs), and effector cytokines, and decreased the expression of PD-1, TIM-3, suppressive IC receptors and their ligands (PD-L1, PD-L2, and Galectin-9) in the TME, implying reinvigoration of the exhausted CD8+ T cells. In addition, Curcumin inhibited expression of CD4+CD25+FoxP3+ Treg cells as well as PD-1 and TIM-3. CONCLUSIONS: These results show that Curcumin reinvigorates defective T cells via multiple (PD-1 and TIM-3) and multi-level (IC receptors and its ligands) IC axis suppression, thus providing a rationale to combine Curcumin with conventional targeted therapy or ICB as a multi-faceted approach for treating patients with HNSCC.


Assuntos
Curcumina , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Animais , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Curcumina/farmacologia , Humanos , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral , Camundongos , Microambiente Tumoral
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...