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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 102(1): 49-55, 2022 Jan 04.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34991237

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the learning curve and short-term clinical outcomes of Mako robotic-assisted direct anterior approach total hip arthroplasty (THA). Methods: The preoperative basic data, surgical information and postoperative rehabilitation of 50 patients who underwent Mako robotic-assisted THA for hip diseases in Department of Orthopedic Surgery of the 6th People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University from December 2018 to December 2020 were analyzed retrospectively, included operation time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, postoperative imaging parameters (abduction angle, anteversion angle, lower limb length difference, eccentricity difference) and postoperative hip joint Harris score (hip Harris score, HHS). There were 16 males and 34 females, with a mean age of 50-79(67±10) years. The postoperative clinical results of Mako robotic-assisted total hip arthroplasty was analyzed. A cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM) was performed on the operation time (OT). The CUSUM learning curve was modeled by curve fitting and R² was used to testify the goodness. The different phase of the learning curve was compared with several observation indicators. Results: All patients were followed up for more than 6 months. Two patients had poor wound healing and 5 patients had symptoms of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve injury, which disappeared within 1-2 months. No serious complications such as dislocation, aseptic loosening, periprosthetic infection or revision occurred in all the patients. The average operation time was (81±16) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was (456±84) ml. The average Harris hip score at the last follow-up was 88.6±2.5. The radiological evaluation showed that the positions of the acetabular cups were all in the Lewinnnek safety zone; the limb length discrepancy was (0.15±0.50) cm, the offset was (-0.11±0.72) cm. The OT decreased with the accumulation of the cases. The CUSUM learning curve was best modeled as cubic curve,the fitting curve reached the top at the 19th case. As a cut-off point, the 19th point divided the learing curve into two phases. There were statistical differences in OT, pelvic array installation time, acetabular registration time, acetabular reaming time (all P<0.05), but there was no significant differences in Harris hip score, acetabular prosthesis anteversion angle and abduction angle between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The learning curve of Mako robot-assisted DAA-THA is about 19 cases. Mako robot-assisted DAA-THA can ensure the accuracy of prosthetic placement and the safety of the operation during the learning curve, and the short-term clinical results after surgery is excellent.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Prótese de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Idoso , Antivirais , China , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Arch Ital Urol Androl ; 93(4): 412-417, 2021 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34933536

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of our study is to examine the learning curve of HoLEP and to discuss our results in the light of the literature. METHODS: 100 patients who had LUTS resistant to medical treatment and complicated BPH to whom HoLEP procedure had been administered regardless of the size of the prostate in the last 1 year were analysed retrospectively. To evaluate the learning curve, the patients were classified into 4 main groups of 25 consecutively operated patients beginning from the first case. The 4 main groups were divided into 2 subgroups including patients who had prostate volume below or above 80 grams. RESULTS: The mean age of the 100 patients who had HoLEP was 64.5 years. The mean prostate volume was 99.1 cc (45-281 cc). When those with prostate smaller than 80 g are examined, Enucleation efficiency was 0.76 g/min (0.46-0.97 g/min) and Morcellation efficiency was 3.07 g/min (3.34-4 g/min). When those with prostates larger than 80 g are examined, Enucleation efficiency was 0.89 g/min (0.66-1.04 g/min) and Morcellation efficiency was 4.01 g/min (3.93-4.25 g/min). These two parameters were statistically and significantly different in all the 4 groups (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: HoLEP still has a steep learning curve. It is necessary to reach the number of cases of 25-50 to reach fundamental experience.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Hiperplasia Prostática , Hólmio , Humanos , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Próstata/cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia/epidemiologia
3.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 347, 2021 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34922565

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We investigated the usefulness of gasless laparoscopic surgery (GLS) using a subcutaneous abdominal wall lifting method for endometrial cancer. METHODS: We studied 105 patients with early endometrial cancer who underwent GLS (55) or open surgery (50). A uterine manipulator was used in all GLS cases. We compared operative time, blood loss, number of lymph nodes removed, hospital stay, perioperative complications, cases converted to laparotomy, and recurrence and survival rates. We also studied the learning curve and proficiency of GLS. RESULTS: The GLS group had significantly longer operative time (265 vs. 191 min), reduced blood loss (184 vs. 425 mL), shorter hospital stay (9.9 vs. 17.6 days), and fewer postoperative complications (1.8 vs. 12.0%) than the open group. No case was converted to laparotomy. Disease-free and overall survival rates at 4 years postoperatively (GLS vs. open groups) were 98.0 versus 97.8 and 100 versus 95.7%, respectively, and there was no significant difference between the groups. Regarding the learning curve for GLS, two different phases were observed in approximately 10 cases. Operator 2, who was not accustomed to laparoscopic surgery, showed a significant reduction in operative time in the later phase 2. CONCLUSIONS: GLS for endometrial cancer results in less bleeding, shorter hospital stay, and fewer complications than open surgery. Recurrence and survival rates were not significantly different from those of open surgery. This technique may be introduced in a short time for operators who are skilled at open surgery but not used to laparoscopic surgery.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Endométrio , Laparoscopia , Neoplasias do Endométrio/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
4.
Arthroscopy ; 37(11): 3383-3384, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34740412

RESUMO

Hip arthroscopy is technically demanding and presents a steep learning curve. Joint access and maneuverability of surgical tools are impeded by a large soft-tissue envelope. Furthermore, cam resection is challenging owing to the small size of the lesion and the difficulty in delineating what is normal and where the cam starts. Thus, the number of incomplete resections is high and represents the bulk of indications for revision hip arthroscopy. The search for assistive technologies to improve on diagnostics and surgical accuracy is consequently substantial and unquestionably needed. Intraoperative feedback will improve our resection accuracy while decreasing the learning efforts of both expert and novice surgeons.


Assuntos
Equipamentos de Autoajuda , Cirurgiões , Artroscopia , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(41): e27515, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34731139

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Retrospective cohort studyTo characterize the learning curve of a spine surgeon during the first 2 years of independent practice by comparing to an experienced colleague. To stratify learning curves based on procedure to evaluate the effect of experience on surgical complexity.The learning curve for spine surgery is difficult to quantify, but is useful information for hospital administrators/surgical programs/new graduates, so appropriate expectations and accommodations are considered.Data from a retrospective cohort (2014-2016) were analyzed at a quaternary academic institution servicing a geographically-isolated, mostly rural area. Procedures included anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, posterior cervical decompression and stabilization, single and 2-level posterior lumbar interbody fusion, lumbar discectomy, and laminectomy. Data related to patient demographics, after-hours surgery, and revision surgery were collected. Operative time was the primary outcome measure, with secondary measures including cerebrospinal fluid leak and early re-operation. Time periods were stratified into 6 month quarters (quarter [Q] 1-Q4), with STATA software used for statistical analysis.There were 626 patients meeting inclusion criteria. The senior surgeon had similar operative times throughout the study. The new surgeon demonstrated a decrease in operative time from Q1 to Q4 (158 minutes-119 minutes, P < .05); however, the mean operative time was shorter for the senior surgeon at 2 years (91 minutes, P < .05). The senior surgeon performed more revision surgeries (odds ratio [OR] 2.5 [95% confidence interval [CI] 1.7-3.6]; P < .001). Posterior interbody fusion times remained longer for the new surgeon, while laminectomy surgery was similar to the senior surgeon by 2 years. There were no differences in rates of cerebrospinal fluid leak (OR 1.2 [95% CI 0.6-2.5]; P > .05), nor reoperation (OR 1.16 [95% CI 0.7-1.9]; P > .05) between surgeons.A significant learning curve exists starting spine practice and likely extends beyond the first 2 years for elective operations.


Assuntos
Vazamento de Líquido Cefalorraquidiano/epidemiologia , Associações de Prática Independente/estatística & dados numéricos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Canadá/epidemiologia , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Competência Clínica/estatística & dados numéricos , Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Discotomia/métodos , Discotomia/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Associações de Prática Independente/tendências , Laminectomia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , População Rural , Fusão Vertebral/métodos
6.
Int J Hyperthermia ; 38(1): 1536-1540, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34727824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has been increasingly accepted as an alternative to surgery in the treatment of symptomatic benign thyroid nodules. However, the learning curve of thyroid RFA has yet to be defined. We hypothesized a temporal relationship between proficiency of the skill and midterm volume reduction. METHODS: Consecutive patients who underwent RFA and had at least a six-month follow-up were identified from an institutional database. The cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis was applied to visualize the learning curve on the adjusted volume reduction rate (VRR). RESULTS: A total of 102 nodules in 93 patients were included in the analysis. Linear regression revealed that nodule composition was the main predictor of the VRR. The composition-adjusted VRR increased with the chronological treatment order. The series was divided into three phases based on inflection points of the CUSUM analysis: the initial learning phase (case 1-20), consolidation phase (case 21-65), and proficiency phase (case 66-102). In the later phase, more solid nodules were treated, power output used by the operator was higher, and RFA treatment time was longer. CONCLUSION: The treatment efficiency of thyroid RFA was associated with technical proficiency, suggesting the presence of a learning curve effect.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Ablação por Radiofrequência , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 16(1): 328, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758861

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Minimally invasive oesophagectomy is a technically demanding procedure, and the learning curve for this procedure should be explored. A survival analysis should also be performed. METHODS: A total of 214 consecutive patients who underwent minimally invasive oesophagectomy were retrospectively reviewed. To evaluate the development of thoracoscopic-laparoscopic oesophagectomy and compare mature minimally invasive oesophagectomy and open oesophagectomy, we comprehensively studied the clinical and surgical parameters. The cumulative sum (CUSUM) plot was used to evaluate the learning curve for systemic lymphadenectomy. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis was performed to explore the clinical factors affecting survival. RESULTS: The bleeding volume, operation time, and postoperative mortality within 3 months significantly decreased after 20 patients. The rise point for node dissection was visually determined to occur at patient 57 in the CUSUM plots. Patients who underwent mature thoracoscopic-laparoscopic oesophagectomy had better surgical data and short-term benefits than patients who underwent an open procedure. Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter of the tumour cross-sectional area and the number of positive nodes significantly influenced survival. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that thoracoscopic-laparoscopic oesophagectomy has short-term benefits. There was no evidence that it was associated with a significantly better prognosis for patients with oesophageal cancer. ClinicalTrials Gov ID: NCT04217239; January 2, 2020 retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Can J Surg ; 64(6): E594-E602, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34759044

RESUMO

Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the most robust study design for evaluating the safety and efficacy of a therapeutic intervention. However, their internal validity are at risk when evaluating surgical interventions. This review summarizes existing expertise- based trials in surgery and related methodological concepts to guide surgeons performing this work. We provide caseloads required to reach the learning curve for various surgical interventions and report criteria for expertise from published and unpublished expertise-based trials. In addition, we review design and implementation concepts of expertise-based trials, including recruitment of surgeons, crossover, ethics, generalizability, sample size and definitions for learning curve. Several RCTs have used an expertise-based design. We found that the majority of definitions used for expertise were vague, heterogeneous, and inconsistent across trials evaluating the same surgical intervention. Statistical methods exist to adjust for the learning curve; however, there is limited guidance. We developed the following criteria for surgical expertise for future trials: 1) decide on the proxy to be used for the learning curve, and 2) assess eligible surgeons by comparing their performance to the previously defined expertise criteria.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Curva de Aprendizado , Projetos de Pesquisa , Cirurgiões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios , Competência Clínica/normas , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/normas , Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Cirurgiões/normas
9.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 67(7): 1033-1037, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34817519

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to compare the standard and robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy in terms of perioperative course, short-term postoperative outcome, and to evaluate the effect of surgeon's learning curve on these parameters. METHODS: This was a prospective randomized study including 60 patients (mean age, 47 years; age, 21-72 years; 26 males, 34 females) who had been planned laparoscopic donor nephrectomies in our clinic. For comparison of standard and robot-assisted techniques and to evaluate the impact of learning curve, patients were randomized into three groups by a computer, each group containing 20 patients. Group 1: standard laparoscopic donor nephrectomies; Group 2: the first 20 patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy; and Group 3: the next 20 patients who underwent robot-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. RESULTS: Operative time was significantly higher in Group 2 (221.0±45.1 min) than both Group 1 (183.5±16.9 min, p=0.001) and Group 3 (186.5±20.6 min, p=0.002). Similarly, time for laparoscopic system setup was significantly higher in Group 2 (39.5±8.6 min), which contained the first cases of robot-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy where surgeon had least experience than Group 1 (19.3±3.7 min, p<0.001) and Group 3 (24.0±9.4 min, p<0.001). On the other hand, duration of operation and time for laparoscopic system setup was similar between Groups 1 and 3. CONCLUSIONS: Learning curve extends the operative time and laparoscopic system setup time in robotic-assisted laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, however, after the learning process was completed, these parameters were similar between robotic-assisted and standard laparoscopic nephrectomy.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrectomia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 46(9): 996-1002, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34707010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is one of the recognized effective methods for the identification of primary aldosteronism, and the success rate is related to the skill level of the operator. This study aims to analyze the learning curve of AVS and to determine the number of staged cases of AVS procedure success rate, and to provide a reference for the standardized use of AVS. METHODS: The age, gender, blood pressure, surgery success rate, operation time, radiation dose, and operation-related complications of 120 patients with primary aldosteronism who underwent continuous AVS in the Second Xiangya Hospital from August 2015 to February 2021 were retrospectively collected. The cumulative sum analysis was used to analyze the learning curve of the operator. The minimum cases who were proficient in the operation was determined according to the learning curve, and the patients were divided into 4 groups a, b, c, and d according to the time sequence of receiving AVS based on the cut-off point. The AVS success rate, radiation dose, operation time, and complications of each group were analyzed. RESULTS: The cumulative sum analysis showed that the learning curves were divided into a learning stage and a mastery stage with 30 cases as the cut-off point, and the operation experience of the surgeon was from raw to mature. The success rates of the a, b, c, and d groups were 66.7%, 86.7%, 93.3%, and 96.7%, respectively. Compared with b, c, and d groups, the success rate in group a was significant decreased (all P<0.05), the operative time in group a was significantly lengthened (all P<0.05), and the radiation dose in group a was significantly increased (all P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: After accumulating the AVS experience of 30 cases of primary aldosteronism, the operation time is obviously shortened, the radiation dose is significantly decreased, the operative complications are significantly reduced, and the learning curve enters a plateau. In the future, the success rate of AVS procedure may be improved through further standardized training.


Assuntos
Hiperaldosteronismo , Curva de Aprendizado , Glândulas Suprarrenais , Aldosterona , Humanos , Hiperaldosteronismo/diagnóstico , Hiperaldosteronismo/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Head Neck ; 43(12): 3946-3954, 2021 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34632669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the success rate and learning curve of intraoperative neural monitoring (IONM) of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) in thyroidectomy. METHODS: We studied 130 consecutive patients (200 nerves at risk [NARs]) who had undergone conventional thyroidectomy with IONM of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) and EBSLN from January 2017 to March 2020. The learning curve was defined as the number of NARs required to achieve an effective and reliable neuromonitoring rate. RESULTS: IONM of the EBSLN was successful in 136/200 (68%) NARs. The cutoff point of the learning curve was 45 NARs (28 patients). The neural identification rate of EBSLN was significantly higher in the post-learning 155 NARs group than the pre-learning group (82.6% vs. 17.8%, p < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Approximately 45 NAR neuromonitoring attempts were required to reach a significant increase in the EBSLN identification rate and overcome the learning curve.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Nervo Laríngeo , Tireoidectomia , Humanos , Nervos Laríngeos , Curva de Aprendizado , Monitorização Intraoperatória
12.
PLoS One ; 16(10): e0258361, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34634081

RESUMO

In recent years, advancements in Internet and cloud technologies have led to a significant increase in electronic trading in which consumers make online purchases and transactions. This growth leads to unauthorized access to users' sensitive information and damages the resources of an enterprise. Phishing is one of the familiar attacks that trick users to access malicious content and gain their information. In terms of website interface and uniform resource locator (URL), most phishing webpages look identical to the actual webpages. Various strategies for detecting phishing websites, such as blacklist, heuristic, Etc., have been suggested. However, due to inefficient security technologies, there is an exponential increase in the number of victims. The anonymous and uncontrollable framework of the Internet is more vulnerable to phishing attacks. Existing research works show that the performance of the phishing detection system is limited. There is a demand for an intelligent technique to protect users from the cyber-attacks. In this study, the author proposed a URL detection technique based on machine learning approaches. A recurrent neural network method is employed to detect phishing URL. Researcher evaluated the proposed method with 7900 malicious and 5800 legitimate sites, respectively. The experiments' outcome shows that the proposed method's performance is better than the recent approaches in malicious URL detection.


Assuntos
Segurança Computacional , Internet , Aprendizado de Máquina , Algoritmos , Bases de Dados como Assunto , Curva de Aprendizado
13.
Curr Urol Rep ; 22(9): 48, 2021 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599411

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Minimally invasive partial nephrectomy (MIPN) is a very challenging technique and complications may occur during its learning curve. It is important to acquire surgical skills to minimize operative risks. Surgical skills may be acquired through simulation devices or mentoring by a mentor. RECENT FINDINGS: We designed a 3D operable model with multiple and variant surgical scenarios in order to facilitate surgical training in MIPN. The model delivered a real-life feel and handle. To our knowledge, this is the first minimally invasive partial nephrectomy simulator to encompass a series of scenarios with multiple levels of difficulty while delivering a real-life experience.


Assuntos
Modelos Anatômicos , Nefrectomia , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Mentores
14.
Orthop Surg ; 13(6): 1781-1786, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34664419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the learning curve experience of hip arthroscopy based on patient demographics, surgical time, portal setup time, and postoperative complications and to find the key point in the learning curve. METHODS: From May 2016 to February 2019, a prospective study on the learning curve experience of hip arthroscopy was performed in our hospital. We evaluated the first 50 consecutive hip arthroscopy procedures performed by a single surgeon. There were nine females and 41 males with a mean age of 30.8 years. We divide the patients into early group and late group according to the date of their operation, with each group including 25 patients. Data on patient demographics, types of procedure, surgical time, portal setup time, and postoperative complications were collected. Functional scores were assessed with the modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS). RESULTS: Patients were followed up for 16.4 months on average (range, 13-27 months). The early group of patients had a mean age of 35.2 years and the late group a mean age of 26.5 years. The most common procedures performed for the early group were debridement (17 patients, 68%), and in the late group, most patients underwent labral repair (18 patients, 72%). Mean total surgical time was 168 min for the early group and 143 min for the late group, and there was no statistically significant difference between two groups. The portal setup time in the early group and late group was 40.2 ± 12.4 min and 18.5 ± 6.2 min, respectively (P < 0.001), and the portal setup time was significantly longer in the early group. Further analysis of the learning curve of portal setup showed that the average portal setup time was not statistically significant changed after 30 cases. There were six complications including iatrogenic cartilage injury and iatrogenic labrum injury in the early group and five complications including perineal crush injury and nerve stretch injury in the late group. The functional score of patients in the late group was significantly higher than that in the early group during follow-up. CONCLUSION: The steep learning curve of hip arthroscopy is mainly caused by the challenge of portal setup and portalrelated complications were more common in the early group than in the late group. Surgical time is not an effective indicator for evaluating progress on the learning curve of hip arthroscopy.


Assuntos
Artroscopia/métodos , Competência Clínica , Lesões do Quadril/cirurgia , Curva de Aprendizado , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
15.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1016, 2021 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511059

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the surgical outcome and quality of life (QoL) of totally laparoscopic total gastrectomy (TLTG) compared with laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy (LATG) in patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer. METHODS: From 2012 to 2018, EGC patients who underwent TLTG (n = 223), including the first case with intracorporeal hemi-double stapling, were matched to those who underwent LATG (n = 114) with extracorporeal circular stapling, using 2:1 propensity score matching (PSM). Prospectively collected morbidity was compared between the TLTG and LATG groups in conjunction with the learning curve. The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QoL questionnaires QLQ-C30, STO22, and OG25 were prospectively surveyed during postoperative 1 year for patient subgroups. RESULTS: After PSM, grade I pulmonary complication rate was lower in the TLTG group (n = 213) than in the LATG group (n = 111) (0.5% vs. 5.4%, P = 0.007). Other complications were not different between the groups. The learning curve of TLTG was overcome at the 26th case in terms of the comprehensive complication index. The TLTG group after learning curve showed lower grade I pulmonary complication rate than the matched LATG group (0.5% vs. 4.7%, P = 0.024). Regarding postoperative QoL, the TLTG group (n = 63) revealed less dysphagia (P = 0.028), pain (P = 0.028), eating restriction (P = 0.006), eating (P = 0.004), odynophagia (P = 0.023) than the LATG group (n = 21). Multivariate analyses for each QoL item demonstrated that TLTG was the only common independent factor for better QoL. CONCLUSIONS: TLTG reduced grade I pulmonary complications and provided better QoL in dysphagia, pain, eating, odynophagia than LATG for patients with clinical stage I gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/epidemiologia , Esofagostomia/métodos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Jejunostomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Pneumopatias/epidemiologia , Masculino , Ilustração Médica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Grampeamento Cirúrgico/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
PLoS One ; 16(9): e0257653, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34570802

RESUMO

The use of renal biopsy through laparoscopy is increasingly present both in human and veterinary medicine. However, both techniques require skill and training to make the operator capable to do it. The learning curve allows the quantitative and qualitative assessment of the number of attempts and minimum time for the surgical procedure. The objective included establish the learning curve for laparoscopy-guided kidney biopsy procedures in dog and pig corpses. Six dogs and six pigs corpses weighing less than 10 kg were used for this study. All corpses underwent kidney biopsy performed through laparoscopy. Twenty-four operators, two per animal, performed 20 renal biopsies each (10 for each kidney), with 480 collection-procedures in total. Duration and difficulty of the procedure and the biopsy sample quality were evaluated and statistical analysis was performed using a mixed regression model with a random effect of individuals and multivariate analysis of data. There were 91.5% of the samples that were adequate for evaluation. There was no significant difference in the number of glomeruli or cortex percentage considering the attempts in either species, demonstrating the operator's ability since first collection. Swine samples showed higher amounts of renal cortex than canine samples. The procedure duration was shorter as more attempts were performed in dogs and pigs. From the fourth repetition, the professional reached a plateau for the variable related to 'collection', and from the second, the professional presented uniform duration for 'sample storage'. Operators of the swine model acquired more agility than the dog ones. The variable 'difficulty' decreased as more repetitions were performed, reaching a plateau in the sixth attempt. Seven renal biopsies laparoscopy-guided are required for an operator to be considered 'capable' to perform the procedure in the referred species included. The learning curve for image-guided kidney biopsy procedures improves the implementation of this technique and benefits patients that undergo this procedure.


Assuntos
Biópsia/veterinária , Cães , Rim/patologia , Laparoscopia/veterinária , Suínos , Animais , Biópsia/economia , Biópsia/métodos , Cadáver , Educação em Veterinária , Feminino , Laparoscopia/educação , Laparoscopia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Medicina Veterinária/métodos
18.
Glob Heart ; 16(1): 54, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34381675

RESUMO

Objectives: We aimed to compare the quantitative angiographic aortic regurgitation (AR) into the left ventricular out flow tract (LVOT-AR) of five different types of transcatheter self-expanding valves and to investigate the impact of the learning curve on post-TAVR AR. Background: Quantitative video densitometric aortography is an objective, accurate, and reproducible tool for assessment of AR following TAVR. Methods and results: This retrospective academic core-lab analysis, analyzed 1150 consecutive cine aortograms performed immediately post-TAVR. Quantitative angiographic AR of post-procedural aortography in 181 consecutive patients, who underwent TAVR with the Venus A-valve in a single Chinese center, were compared to the results of Evolut Pro, Evolut R, CoreValve, (Medtronic, Dublin, Ireland) and Acurate Neo (Boston Scientific, Massachusetts, US) transcatheter heart valves (THVs), from a previously published pooled database. Among the 181 aortograms of patients treated with the Venus A-Valve, 113 (62.4%) were analyzable for quantitative assessment of AR. The mean LVOT-AR was 8.9% ± 10.0% with 14.2% of patients having moderate or severe AR in the Venus A-valve group. No significant difference in mean LVOT-AR was observed between Evolut Pro, Evolut R, Acurate Neo, and Venus A-valve. The incidence of LVOT-AR >17%, which correlates with echocardiographic derived ≥ moderate AR, with the Evolut Pro was lower than with the Venus A-valve (5.3% vs. 14.2%, p = 0.034), but was not different from the Evolut R (5.3% vs. 8.8%, p = 0.612), or the Acurate Neo (5.3% vs. 11.3% p = 0.16) systems. A landmark analysis after recruitment of the first half of patients treated with the Venus A valve (N = 56), showed a significantly lower mean LVOT-AR in the second half of the series (11.3% ± 11.9% vs. 6.5% ± 7.1%, p = 0.011). The incidence of LVOT-AR >17% in the latest 57 cases was also numerically lower (7.0% vs. 21.4%, p = 0.857) and compared favorably with the best in class of the self-expanding valves. Conclusion: The Venus A-valve has comparable mean LVOT-AR to other self-expanding valves but has a higher rate of moderate or severe AR than the Evolut Pro THV. However, after completion of a learning phase, results improved and compared favorably with the best in class of the commercially available self-expanding valves. These findings should be confirmed in prospective randomized comparisons of AR between different THVs.


Assuntos
Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
ANZ J Surg ; 91(10): 2047-2053, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374479

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical trainees struggle to obtain experience in laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair (LIHR) due to a perceived steep learning curve. The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes in totally extraperitoneal (TEP) repair performed by surgical consultants and trainees under supervision as part of a standardised training regimen to assess the safety of residency training in this technique. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients managed by TEP repair by either a consultant or a supervised trainee was performed. Demographic, perioperative and postoperative data were collected and compared. All trainees underwent a standardised approach to teaching TEP repair. RESULTS: Trainees performed 133 procedures and consultants performed 121 procedures. Estimated blood loss was minimal in both cohorts. A significant difference was noted in mean operating time between consultants and trainees (33 vs. 50 min). However, it was also observed that the trainee mean operating time reduced significantly with experience (from 61 to 42 min). No statistically significant difference was demonstrated in postoperative complications, recurrence rate or length of stay. All trainees achieved the ability to complete a laparoscopic TEP repair under unscrubbed consultant supervision during a 1-year placement. CONCLUSION: With senior supervision and in the presence of a structured training regimen, trainees can safely and effectively perform LIHR, progressing to performing the procedure under unscrubbed consultant supervision. This is valuable information that can serve to inform the structure and direction of surgical training programmes as the ability to offer LIHR is increasingly becoming an expectation of consultant surgeons.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal , Laparoscopia , Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Acad Med ; 96(11S): S158-S163, 2021 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34348388

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To optimize learning, health professional training programs need to achieve the right balance between depth of practice (gaining more experience with particular skills) and breadth of practice (spreading experience across an array of activities). Better understanding how training for a particular skill set is impacted by periods of focus on a different skill set would allow improved curriculum and assessment design, thereby enhancing the efficiency of training and effectiveness of care. To this end, learning curves were used to compare performance in surgery after prolonged periods of practice to performance after gaps in surgical training. METHOD: Daily operative assessments from the Dalhousie obstetrics and gynecology program were analyzed retrospectively and learning curves were generated. In addition to examining the variability in learning trajectories, the impact of gaps was systematically assessed by comparing resident scores after 2 successive months in which they were not assessed operatively to those collected after 2 successive months in which they were assessed at least once. RESULTS: Four thousand four hundred sixteen scores for 33 residents over a 10-year period were analyzed. Trajectories and peak performances were identified. Residents performed better during their third sequential month of being assessed (mean = 4.40, 95% CI = 4.33-4.46) relative to during months following a period of being away from the operating room for at least 2 months (mean = 4.21, 95% CI = 4.13-4.29; P < .01; d = 0.7). However, maximum performance achieved was more strongly related to the number of times residents experienced a gap in training (r = 0.50) than to the number of times residents experienced 3 consecutive months of training (r = 0.25). CONCLUSIONS: Distinct patterns of development exist for individual residents. Time away from surgical practice and assessment negatively impacted short-term performance, but may improve long-term learning trajectories. This speaks to the value of spaced education and is important for the design of longitudinal skills-based training programs.


Assuntos
Ginecologia/educação , Curva de Aprendizado , Obstetrícia/educação , Adulto , Competência Clínica , Currículo , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Internato e Residência , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
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