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1.
BMC Surg ; 24(1): 135, 2024 May 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38705991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The endoscopic endonasal transsphenoidal approach (EETA) has revolutionized skull-base surgery; however, it is associated with a steep learning curve (LC), necessitating additional attention from surgeons to ensure patient safety and surgical efficacy. The current literature is constrained by the small sample sizes of studies and their observational nature. This systematic review aims to evaluate the literature and identify strengths and weaknesses related to the assessment of EETA-LC. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted following the PRISMA guidelines. PubMed and Google Scholar were searched for clinical studies on EETA-LC using detailed search strategies, including pertinent keywords and Medical Subject Headings. The selection criteria included studies comparing the outcomes of skull-base surgeries involving pure EETA in the early and late stages of surgeons' experience, studies that assessed the learning curve of at least one surgical parameter, and articles published in English. RESULTS: The systematic review identified 34 studies encompassing 5,648 patients published between 2002 and 2022, focusing on the EETA learning curve. Most studies were retrospective cohort designs (88%). Various patient assortment methods were noted, including group-based and case-based analyses. Statistical analyses included descriptive and comparative methods, along with regression analyses and curve modeling techniques. Pituitary adenoma (PA) being the most studied pathology (82%). Among the evaluated variables, improvements in outcomes across variables like EC, OT, postoperative CSF leak, and GTR. Overcoming the initial EETA learning curve was associated with sustained outcome improvements, with a median estimated case requirement of 32, ranging from 9 to 120 cases. These findings underscore the complexity of EETA-LC assessment and the importance of sustained outcome improvement as a marker of proficiency. CONCLUSIONS: The review highlights the complexity of assessing the learning curve in EETA and underscores the need for standardized reporting and prospective studies to enhance the reliability of findings and guide clinical practice effectively.


Assuntos
Curva de Aprendizado , Base do Crânio , Humanos , Base do Crânio/cirurgia , Endoscopia/métodos , Endoscopia/educação , Neoplasias Hipofisárias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/educação
2.
Cir Cir ; 92(2): 194-204, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38782379

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of three training methodologies on the acquisition of psychomotor skills for laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS), using straight and articulating instruments. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted with subjects randomly divided into three groups, who performed a specific training for 12 days using three laparoscopic tasks in a laparoscopic simulator. Group-A trained in conventional laparoscopy setting using straight instruments and in LESS setting using both straight and articulating instruments. Group-B trained in LESS setting using straight and articulating instruments, whereas Group-C trained in LESS setting using articulating instruments. Participants' performance was recorded with a video-tracking system and evaluated with 12 motion analysis parameters (MAPs). RESULTS: All groups obtained significant differences in their performance in most of the MAPs. Group-C showed an improvement in nine MAPs, with a high level of technical competence. Group-A presented a marked improvement in bimanual dexterity skills. CONCLUSIONS: Training in LESS surgery using articulating laparoscopic instruments improves the quality of skills and allows smoother learning curves.


OBJETIVO: Evaluar el efecto de tres métodos de entrenamiento en la adquisición de habilidades psicomotrices para la cirugía laparoendoscópica por puerto único (LESS, laparoendoscopic single-site surgery) utilizando instrumental recto y articulado. MÉTODO: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo con sujetos divididos aleatoriamente en tres grupos, quienes realizaron un entrenamiento específico durante 12 días utilizando tres tareas laparoscópicas en un simulador laparoscópico. El grupo A entrenó en el entorno laparoscópico convencional con instrumentos rectos, y en el entorno LESS con instrumentos rectos y articulados. El grupo B entrenó en el entorno LESS con instrumentos rectos y articulados. El Grupo C entrenó en el entorno LESS con instrumentos articulados. El desempeño de los participantes se registró con un sistema de seguimiento en video y fue evaluado con 12 parámetros de análisis de movimiento (MAP, motion analysis parameters). RESULTADOS: Todos los grupos obtuvieron diferencias significativas en su desempeño para la mayoría de los MAP. El grupo C mostró una mejora en nueve MAP, con un alto nivel de competencia técnica. El grupo A mostró una marcada mejora en la habilidad de destreza bimanual. CONCLUSIONES: El entrenamiento en cirugía LESS con instrumentos articulados mejora la calidad de las habilidades adquiridas y permite curvas de aprendizaje más suaves.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Laparoscopia , Desempenho Psicomotor , Laparoscopia/educação , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Adulto Jovem , Curva de Aprendizado
3.
J Vis ; 24(5): 8, 2024 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38780934

RESUMO

Perceptual learning is a multifaceted process, encompassing general learning, between-session forgetting or consolidation, and within-session fast relearning and deterioration. The learning curve constructed from threshold estimates in blocks or sessions, based on tens or hundreds of trials, may obscure component processes; high temporal resolution is necessary. We developed two nonparametric inference procedures: a Bayesian inference procedure (BIP) to estimate the posterior distribution of contrast threshold in each learning block for each learner independently and a hierarchical Bayesian model (HBM) that computes the joint posterior distribution of contrast threshold across all learning blocks at the population, subject, and test levels via the covariance of contrast thresholds across blocks. We applied the procedures to the data from two studies that investigated the interaction between feedback and training accuracy in Gabor orientation identification over 1920 trials across six sessions and estimated learning curve with block sizes L = 10, 20, 40, 80, 160, and 320 trials. The HBM generated significantly better fits to the data, smaller standard deviations, and more precise estimates, compared to the BIP across all block sizes. In addition, the HBM generated unbiased estimates, whereas the BIP only generated unbiased estimates with large block sizes but exhibited increased bias with small block sizes. With L = 10, 20, and 40, we were able to consistently identify general learning, between-session forgetting, and rapid relearning and adaptation within sessions. The nonparametric HBM provides a general framework for fine-grained assessment of the learning curve and enables identification of component processes in perceptual learning.


Assuntos
Teorema de Bayes , Aprendizagem , Limiar Sensorial , Humanos , Aprendizagem/fisiologia , Limiar Sensorial/fisiologia , Percepção Visual/fisiologia , Sensibilidades de Contraste/fisiologia , Curva de Aprendizado , Estimulação Luminosa/métodos
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 373, 2024 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38730376

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: An acute Achilles tendon rupture represents a common tendon injury, and its operative methods have been developed over the years. This study aimed to quantify the learning curve for the minimally invasive acute Achilles tendon rupture repair. METHODS: From May 2020 to June 2022, sixty-seven patient cases who received minimally invasive tendon repair were reviewed. Baseline data and operative details were collected. The cumulative summation (CUSUM) control chart was used for the learning curve analyses. Achilles tendon rupture score (ATRS), American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle/hindfoot score, and visual analog scale (VAS) at 3/6/9/12 months were calculated to assess the clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-six cases underwent at least a year of follow up and were enrolled in this study. The gender ratio and average age were 80.5% and 32.5 years. The linear equation fitted well (R2 = 0.95), and CUSUM for operative time peaked in the 12th case, which was divided into the learning phase (n = 12) and master phase (n = 24). No significant difference was detected between the two groups in clinical variables, except for the operative time (71.1 ± 13.2 min vs 45.8 ± 7.2 min, p = 0.004). Moreover, we detected one case with a suture reaction and treated it properly. CONCLUSION: Minimally invasive Achilles repair provides an opportunity for early rehabilitation. Notably, the learning curve showed that the "lumbar puncture needle and oval forceps" technique was accessible to surgeons.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo , Curva de Aprendizado , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Traumatismos dos Tendões , Humanos , Tendão do Calcâneo/cirurgia , Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Ruptura/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Agulhas , Duração da Cirurgia
5.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 150, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564025

RESUMO

Pedicle screw placement (PSP) is the fundamental surgical technique that requires high accuracy for novice orthopedists studying spinal oncology education. Therefore, we set forth to establish a computer-assisted robotic navigation training program for novice spinal oncology education. Novice orthopedists were involved in this study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of the computer-assisted robotic navigation (CARN) training program. In this research, trainees were randomly taught by the CARN training program and the traditional training program. We prospectively collected the clinical data of patients with spinal tumors from 1st May 2021 to 1st March 2022. The ability of PSP was evaluated by cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis, learning curve, and accuracy of pedicle screws. The patients included in both groups had similar baseline characteristics. In the CUSUM analysis of the learning curve for accurate PSP, the turning point in the CARN group was lower than that in the traditional group (70th vs. 92nd pedicle screw). The LC-CUSUM test indicated competency for PSP at the 121st pedicle screw in the CARN group and the 138th pedicle screw in the traditional group. The accuracy of PSP was also significantly higher in the CARN group than in the traditional group (88.17% and 79.55%, P = 0.03 < 0.05). Furthermore, no major complications occurred in either group. We first described CARN in spinal oncology education and indicated the CARN training program as a novel, efficient and safe training program for surgeons.


Assuntos
Parafusos Pediculares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgiões , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Computadores
6.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 160, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38578350

RESUMO

Robotic assisted (RA) total hip arthroplasty (THA) offers improved acetabular component placement and radiographic outcomes, but inconsistent assessment methods of its learning curves render the evaluation of adopting novel platforms challenging. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to assess the learning curve associated with RA-THA, both tracking a surgeon's performance across initial cases and comparing their performance to manual THA (M-THA). PubMed, MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar were searched on June 16, 2023, to identify studies published between January 1, 2000 and June 16, 2023 (PROSPERO registration: CRD42023437339). The query yielded 655 unique articles, which were screened for eligibility. The final analysis included 11 articles, evaluating 1351 THA procedures. Risk of bias was assessed via the Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies (MINORS) tool. The mean MINORS score was 21.3 ± 0.9. RA-THA provided immediate improvements in acetabular component placement accuracy and radiographic outcomes compared to M-THA, with little to no experience required to achieve peak proficiency. A modest learning curve (12-17 cases) was associated with operative time, which was elevated compared to M-THA (+ 9-13 min). RA-THA offers immediate advantages to M-THA for component placement accuracy and radiographic outcomes. Surgeons should expect to experience increased operative times, which become less pronounced or equivalent to M-THA after a modest caseload.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos
7.
Adv Tech Stand Neurosurg ; 50: 277-293, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592534

RESUMO

This paper reviews current knowledge on minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS). Although it has significant advantages, such as less postoperative pain, short hospital stay, quick return to work, better cosmetics, and less infection rate, there are also disadvantages. The long learning curve, the need for special instruments and types of equipment, high costs, lack of tactile sensation and biplanar imaging, some complications that are hard to treat, and more radiation to the surgeon and surgical team are the disadvantages.Most studies remark that the outcomes of MISS are similar to traditional surgery. Although patients demand it more than surgeons, we predict the broad applications of MISS will replace most of our classical surgical approaches.


Assuntos
Hospitais , Conhecimento , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos
8.
Langenbecks Arch Surg ; 409(1): 109, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570339

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Beside many advantages, disadvantages such as reduced degrees of freedom and poorer depth perception are still apparent in laparoscopic surgery. 3D visualization and the development of complex instruments are intended to counteract the disadvantages. We want to find out whether the use of complex instruments and 3D visualization has an influence on the performance of novices. METHODS: 48 medical students with no experience in laparoscopic surgery or simulator-based laparoscopy training were included. They were randomized in four groups according to a stratification assessment. During a structured training period they completed the FLS-Tasks "PEG Transfer", "Pattern Cut" and "Intracorporeal Suture" and a transfer task based on these three. Two groups used conventional laparoscopic instruments with 3D or 2D visualization, two groups used complex curved instruments. The groups were compared in terms of their performance. RESULTS: In 2D laparoscopy there was a better performance with straight instruments vs. curved instruments in PEG Transfer and Intracorporeal Suture. In the transfer task, fewer errors were made with straight instruments. In 2D vs. 3D laparoscopy when using complex curved instruments there was an advantage in Intracorporeal Suture and PEG Transfer for 3D visualization. Regarding the transfer exercise, a better performance was observed and fewer errors were made in 3D group. CONCLUSION: We could show that learning laparoscopic techniques with complex curved instruments is more difficult with standard 2D visualization and can be overcome using 3D optics. The use of curved instruments under 3D vision seems to be advantageous when working on more difficult tasks.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Treinamento por Simulação , Humanos , Competência Clínica , Imageamento Tridimensional/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos
9.
Br J Surg ; 111(4)2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573333

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that low-volume surgeons with no experience in parathyroid surgery are at increased risk of causing parathyroid gland damage during thyroid surgery. The aim of this RCT was to evaluate the impact of using autofluorescence in hemithyroidectomy on parathyroid gland identification and preservation in a low-volume institution with no experience in parathyroid surgery. METHODS: Patients referred for hemithyroidectomy were randomized 1 : 1 to either autofluorescence-guided hemithyroidectomy (the near-infrared autofluorescence group) or conventional hemithyroidectomy (the control group). The primary outcome was parathyroid gland identification rate. Secondary outcomes were the rate of parathyroid gland autotransplantation and the rate of inadvertent parathyroid gland excision. RESULTS: A total of 170 patients were randomized to either autofluorescence-guided hemithyroidectomy (84 patients) or conventional hemithyroidectomy (86 patients). In the near-infrared autofluorescence group, 81.0% of parathyroid glands were identified, compared with 57.0% in the control group (P < 0.001). Autofluorescence enabled parathyroid gland visualization before the naked eye in 46.3% of cases. Surgeons had lower confidence in the parathyroid gland identification process in the control group than in the near-infrared autofluorescence group (59.1% versus 87.5% respectively; P < 0.001). In the near-infrared autofluorescence group, the parathyroid gland autotransplantation rate was initially high, but declined over time. There was no difference in the rate of inadvertent parathyroid gland excision. CONCLUSION: Autofluorescence guidance significantly improved the parathyroid gland identification rate in hemithyroidectomy in a low-volume institution with no experience in parathyroid surgery and provided an increase in surgical confidence. The pattern of parathyroid gland autotransplantation in autofluorescence-guided surgery indicates the presence of a learning curve. REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT05044351 (http://www.clinicaltrials.gov).


Damage to the parathyroid glands is common during thyroid surgery. The main reason for that is that they can be difficult to see during surgery. The aim of this study was to see if the use of a new near-infrared camera during thyroid surgery could make it easier to see the parathyroid glands. Patients, where removal of part of their thyroid gland was planned, were randomly assigned to one of two groups. In the first group, the near-infrared camera was used, whereas it was not used in the other group. When the near-infrared camera was used, more parathyroid glands were found and the surgeons felt more secure in their handling of parathyroid glands.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Endócrinos , Glândula Tireoide , Humanos , Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândula Tireoide/cirurgia , Tireoidectomia , Curva de Aprendizado , Glândulas Paratireoides/diagnóstico por imagem , Glândulas Paratireoides/cirurgia
10.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 246, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38643250

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the learning curve of Thulium laser enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) of a single surgeon. METHODS: Hundred patients suffering from benign prostatic hyperplasia were treated by the same surgeon. In all cases, a well-trained urologist was present in the operating room. Patients urinary function was assessed preoperatively using the International Prostate Symptoms Score (IPSS), maximum flow rate and Post-Void Residual volume. Preoperative prostate volume was recorded. Enucleation and morcellation efficiency and complication rate were evaluated. Patients were divided into 5 cohorts of 20 consecutive cases to assess changes in outcomes through time. RESULTS: Mean age of patients was 73.1 years (SD 17.5) and mean prostate volume was 89.7 ml (SD 55.1). Overall, mean enucleation and morcellation efficiency were 1.7 (SD 2.9) and 5.1 (SD 2.7) g/min. A statistically significant increase in enucleation efficiency was observed when comparing cohort 1 vs 2 (0.9 vs 1.3 g/min, p = 0.03) and cohort 2 vs 3 (1.3 vs 1.7 g/min, p = 0.02). A statistically significant increase in morcellation efficiency was observed when comparing cohort 1 vs 2 (2.8 vs 3.7 g/min, p = 0.02) and cohort 2 vs 3 (3.7 vs 4.9 g/min, p = 0.03). In both cases, no significant differences were observed when comparing the following cohorts. Complication rate showed no significant differences throughout the caseload. CONCLUSIONS: In our single-surgeon experience, we observed a learning curve of nearly 60 cases for the ThuLEP procedure in presence of a well-trained surgeon. Complication rate was low from the beginning of surgical experience.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Hiperplasia Prostática , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Próstata/cirurgia , Túlio , Curva de Aprendizado , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia , Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico
11.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0299811, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38635659

RESUMO

The existence of large volumes of data has considerably alleviated concerns regarding the availability of sufficient data instances for machine learning experiments. Nevertheless, in certain contexts, addressing limited data availability may demand distinct strategies and efforts. Analyzing COVID-19 predictions at pandemic beginning emerged a question: how much data is needed to make reliable predictions? When does the volume of data provide a better understanding of the disease's evolution and, in turn, offer reliable forecasts? Given these questions, the objective of this study is to analyze learning curves obtained from predicting the incidence of COVID-19 in Brazilian States using ARIMA models with limited available data. To fulfill the objective, a retrospective exploration of COVID-19 incidence across the Brazilian States was performed. After the data acquisition and modeling, the model errors were assessed by employing a learning curve analysis. The asymptotic exponential curve fitting enabled the evaluation of the errors in different points, reflecting the increased available data over time. For a comprehensive understanding of the results at distinct stages of the time evolution, the average derivative of the curves and the equilibrium points were calculated, aimed to identify the convergence of the ARIMA models to a stable pattern. We observed differences in average derivatives and equilibrium values among the multiple samples. While both metrics ultimately confirmed the convergence to stability, the equilibrium points were more sensitive to changes in the models' accuracy and provided a better indication of the learning progress. The proposed method for constructing learning curves enabled consistent monitoring of prediction results, providing evidence-based understandings required for informed decision-making.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Curva de Aprendizado , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Previsões , Aprendizado de Máquina
12.
World J Urol ; 42(1): 261, 2024 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38668858

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study investigated the learning curve of retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) in patients with medium-sized stones using cumulative sum analysis (CUSUM) to evaluate the competence and proficiency of three new surgeons during their first RIRS procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 227 patients from 2019 to 2022 at a single institution. The patients were divided into four groups based on the operating surgeon: tutor surgeon (85 patients), newbie surgeon A (21 patients), newbie surgeon B (85 patients), and newbie surgeon C (36 patients). Patients had one or multiple stones with the largest stone diameter fell within the range of 10-30 mm. Fragmentation efficacy was calculated as "removed stone volume (mm3) divided by operative time (minutes)." CUSUM analysis monitored changes in fragmentation efficacy and validated surgical outcomes. RESULTS: No statistically significant differences were observed in the total stone volume, maximum stone size, or total operation time between the three newbie surgeons and the tutor surgeon. The mean fragmentation efficacy value was comparable among the newbie surgeons, but significantly different from that of the tutor surgeon. The minimum acceptable fragmentation efficacy level was set at 25.12 mL/min, based on the tutor's average value. The CUSUM curves for the three surgeons initially remained relatively flat until Cases 12-15, after which they increased and eventually plateaued. Stone-free rates and postoperative complications did not differ significantly among the surgeons. CONCLUSION: Learning curve analysis for the three newbie surgeons indicated that approximately 12-15 cases were required to reach a plateau.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Cálculos Renais , Curva de Aprendizado , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso
13.
J Robot Surg ; 18(1): 187, 2024 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38683380

RESUMO

The transition from open hepatectomy to minimally invasive techniques has reduced morbidity and mortality. However, laparoscopic liver resection (LLR) requires substantial expertise. Robotic liver resection (RLR) combines minimal invasiveness with open surgical precision. It may facilitate complex procedures without the learning required for LLR. We evaluated RLR outcomes in a limited resource setting and assessed its efficacy and practicality. This retrospective study analyzed 67 robotic hepatectomies conducted from 2020 to 2023. Demographic, perioperative factors, and surgical outcomes were analyzed. Major hepatectomies were required in 46/67 (68.7%) patients who underwent RLR. No open conversions, 30-day mortalities, or readmissions occurred. Complications occurred in 7.4% of patients; major complications occurred in 5.9%. Learning curve analysis showed a negative correlation between operation sequence and operative time. Effective use of robotic technology combined with the expertise of well-trained surgeons facilitates successful execution of RLR with feasible surgical outcomes, even at smaller centers.


Assuntos
Estudos de Viabilidade , Hepatectomia , Curva de Aprendizado , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Idoso , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia
14.
Acta Orthop Belg ; 90(1): 17-25, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38669644

RESUMO

Today, acetabular surgeons in training have to learn ilioinguinal and anterior intrapelvic approaches (AIP). The aim of this study was to describe the 5-years learning curve of a surgeon. Objective was to assess clinical and radiological results; and to assess factors which could influence this learning curve. Between November 2015 and May 2020, patients with an acetabular fracture operated by the surgeon during the 5-years learning curve with an anterior approach were included in this single-center retrospective study based on a prospective database. Epidemiological, operative, clinical, radiological and complications data's were collected. To assess learning-curve effect the series was divided into two groups: first 2.5-years and last 2-years. Subgroup analysis were performed according to the surgical approach, to the reduction quality and the prognostic factors. In total, 46 patients were included, 23 in period 1 and 23 in period 2. 16 patients (35%) had ilioinguinal approach and 30 patients (65%) had modified Stoppa-Cole approach. At mean follow-up of 24 months, 38 patients (83%) were reviewed. Anatomical reduction (< 1 mm) was achieved in 28 patients (60.9%) with a 9% rate of perioperative complications and 37% rate of post-operative complications. In conclusion, this study gives a realistic overview of the learning curve of anterior approaches in acetabular fractures surgery. Our results should encourage surgeons, while keeping in mind how much this surgery can be challenging, with high rate of complications and difficulty to obtain a systematic anatomical reduction.


Assuntos
Acetábulo , Fraturas Ósseas , Curva de Aprendizado , Humanos , Acetábulo/lesões , Acetábulo/cirurgia , Acetábulo/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso
15.
J Clin Neurosci ; 123: 209-215, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626528

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surgery has shown promise in treating Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage (sICH), but its adoption in county-level hospitals has been hindered by the high level of surgical expertise required. METHODS: In this retrospective study at a county hospital, we utilized a Cumulative Sum (CUSUM) control chart to visualize the learning curve for two neurosurgeons. We compared patient outcomes in the learning and proficient phases, and compared them with expected outcomes based on ICH score and ICH functional outcome score, respectively. RESULTS: The learning curve peaked at the 12th case for NS1 and the 8th case for NS2, signifying the transition to the proficient stage. This stage saw reductions in operation time, blood loss, rates of evacuation < 90 %, rebleeding rates, intensive care unit stay, hospital stay, and overall costs for both neurosurgeons. In the learning stage, 6 deaths occurred within 30 days, less than the 10.66 predicted by the ICH score. In the proficient stage, 3 deaths occurred, less than the 15.88 predicted. In intermediate and high-risk patients by the ICH functional outcome score, the proficient stage had fewer patients with an mRS ≥ 3 at three months than the learning stage (23.8 % vs. 69.2 %, P = 0.024; 40 % vs. 80 %, P = 0.360). Micromanipulating bipolar precision hemostasis and aspiration devices in the endoport's channels sped up the transition from learning to proficient. CONCLUSION: The data shows a learning curve, with better surgical outcomes as surgeons gain proficiency. This suggests cost benefits of surgical proficiency and the need for ongoing surgical education and training in county hospitals.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Curva de Aprendizado , Neuroendoscopia , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Neuroendoscopia/métodos , Neuroendoscopia/educação , Hospitais de Condado , Resultado do Tratamento , Neurocirurgiões/educação , Competência Clínica
16.
Am Surg ; 90(6): 1582-1590, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38587270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Historically, pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) has been performed via a laparotomy, but increasingly, laparoscopic and robotic platforms are being employed for PD. Laparoscopic PD has a steep surgeon specific learning curve and programmatic elements that must be optimized. These factors may limit a surgeon who is proficient at laparoscopic PD to develop a program at another institution. We hypothesize that the learning curve for a surgeon transferring a program to a second institution is shorter than the initial laparoscopic PD learning curve for the same surgeon. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent laparoscopic PD for any indication at the first institution (FI) from 2012 to 2017 and the second institution (SI) from 2018 to 2021 was conducted. Standard statistical analysis was performed. The learning curve was identified using one-sided CUSUM analysis of operative times. RESULT: We identified 110 participants, 90 from the FI and 20 from the SI. More patients at the FI were diagnosed with periampullary adenocarcinoma on final pathology compared to the SI (65.6% vs 40.0%, P = .0132). FI operative times stabilized after the 25th laparoscopic PD and SI operative times stabilized after the 5th operation. No statistically significant difference was identified in postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: The learning curve and average operative time of an SI laparoscopic PD program was shorter than the initial learning curve for a single surgeon with comparable outcomes. This suggests that complex minimally invasive surgical programs can be safely transferred to another high-volume institution without significant loss of progress.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Curva de Aprendizado , Duração da Cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/educação , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/educação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Competência Clínica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia
17.
Surg Endosc ; 38(5): 2900-2910, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632120

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality is a frequently chosen method for learning the basics of robotic surgery. However, it is unclear whether tissue handling is adequately trained in VR training compared to training on a real robotic system. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, participants were split into two groups for "Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery (FRS)" training on either a DaVinci VR simulator (VR group) or a DaVinci robotic system (Robot group). All participants completed four tasks on the DaVinci robotic system before training (Baseline test), after proficiency in three FRS tasks (Midterm test), and after proficiency in all FRS tasks (Final test). Primary endpoints were forces applied across tests. RESULTS: This trial included 87 robotic novices, of which 43 and 44 participants received FRS training in VR group and Robot group, respectively. The Baseline test showed no significant differences in force application between the groups indicating a sufficient randomization. In the Midterm and Final test, the force application was not different between groups. Both groups displayed sufficient learning curves with significant improvement of force application. However, the Robot group needed significantly less repetitions in the three FRS tasks Ring tower (Robot: 2.48 vs. VR: 5.45; p < 0.001), Knot Tying (Robot: 5.34 vs. VR: 8.13; p = 0.006), and Vessel Energy Dissection (Robot: 2 vs. VR: 2.38; p = 0.001) until reaching proficiency. CONCLUSION: Robotic tissue handling skills improve significantly and comparably after both VR training and training on a real robotic system, but training on a VR simulator might be less efficient.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/educação , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Curva de Aprendizado , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 342, 2024 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38689270

RESUMO

BACGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the learning curve of a novel seven-axis robot-assisted total hip arthroplasty (RaTHA) system. METHODS: A total of 59 patients who underwent unilateral total hip arthroplasty at our institution from June 2022 to September 2022 were prospectively included in the study. In this randomized controlled clinical trial, robot-assisted THA (RaTHA) and Conventional THA (CoTHA) were performed using cumulative sum (CUSUM) analysis to evaluate the learning curve of the RaTHA system. The demographic data, preopera1tive clinical data, duration of operation, postoperative Harris Hip Score (HHS), postoperative Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) score, and duration of operation between the learning stage and the proficiency stage of the RaTHA group were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The average duration of operation of the RaTHA group was increased by 34.73 min compared with the CoTHA group (104.26 ± 19.33 vs. 69.53 ± 18.38 min, p < 0.01). The learning curve of the RaTHA system can be divided into learning stage and proficiency stage, and the former consists of the first 13 cases by CUSUM analysis. In the RaTHA group, the duration of operation decreased by 29.75 min in the proficiency stage compared to the learning stage (121.12 ± 12.84 vs.91.37 ± 12.92, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that the surgical team required a learning curve of 13 cases to become proficient using the RaTHA system. The duration of operation, total blood loss, and drainage gradually shortened (decreased) with the learning curve stage, and the differences were statistically significant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Number: ChiCTR2200061630, Date: 29/06/2022.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril , Curva de Aprendizado , Duração da Cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Humanos , Artroplastia de Quadril/educação , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/educação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto
20.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 51(1): [100914], Ene-Mar, 2024. graf, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-229779

RESUMO

Objetivo: Reflexionar desde el análisis de los datos del número de histerectomías laparoscópicas que puede realizar cada miembro de un servicio de ginecología de un hospital terciario sobre la conveniencia de limitar este procedimiento a un número limitado de profesionales. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, sobre las histerectomías realizadas por cualquier indicación en nuestro hospital en el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de mayo del año 2014 y el 30 de abril del año 2022. Resultados: En este periodo hemos realizado 1548 histerectomías, de las que 760 se efectuaron por vía laparoscópica; y de ellas, 289 fueron indicadas por patología benigna. Considerando el total de profesionales que conforman el pool de cirujanos que realizan cirugía por patología benigna, la media de histerectomías laparoscópicas por cirujano y año sería de 1,4 casos. Conclusiones: Para garantizar la adecuada calidad de la cirugía, el número de profesionales que realizan histerectomías laparoscópicas en un hospital terciario debe ser limitado.(AU)


Objective: To reflect from the analysis of the data of the number of laparoscopic hysterectomies that each member of a gynaecology service of a tertiary hospital can perform on the convenience of limiting this procedure to a limited number of professionals. Material and methods: Retrospective, descriptive study on hysterectomies performed for any indication in our hospital in the period between May 1, 2014 and April 30, 2022. Results: In this period, we have performed 1548 hysterectomies of which 760 were performed laparoscopically and of these, 289 were indicated for benign pathology. Considering the total number of professionals that make up the pool of surgeons who perform surgery for benign pathology, the average number of laparoscopic hysterectomies per surgeon per year would be 1.4 cases. Conclusions: To ensure adequate quality of surgery, the number of professionals performing laparoscopic hysterectomies in a tertiary hospital should be limited.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Histerectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Curva de Aprendizado , Útero/cirurgia , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ginecologia , Obstetrícia
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