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3.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(2): 287-300, abr.-jun. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005600

RESUMO

Em tempos conservadores pró-Bolsonaro, minorias sociais têm sido alvo de agressões de diferentes ordens, sendo vistas como corpos matáveis, simbolicamente ou não. A partir desse cenário, o objetivo deste trabalho é compreender em que medida há uma rede de cumplicidade que fomenta a manifestação de crimes de ódio LGBTfóbicos na contemporaneidade política brasileira. Para situar o fenômeno teórica e metodologicamente, acionamos o conceito de necropolítica, política de morte que decide quem tem o direito de matar e o de viver. Propomos também a dilatação do conceito de crime de ódio, compreendendo como a morte pode se manifestar para além do óbito, como no controle das subjetividades.


In pro-Bolsonaro conservative times, social minorities have been targeted by assaults of different orders, being seen as killable bodies, symbolically or not. From this scenario, the aim of this article is to understand to what extent there is a network of complicity that foments the manifestation of LGBTphobic hate crimes in Brazilian political contemporaneity. To situate the phenomenon theoretically and methodologically, we trigger the concept of necropolitics, a policy of death that decides who has the right to kill and to live.We also propose the expansion of the concept of hate crime, understanding how death can be manifested beyond itself, as in the control of subjectivities.


En tiempos conservadores pro-Bolsonaro, las minorías sociales han sido objeto de agresiones de diferentes órdenes, siendo vistas como cuerpos matables, simbólicamente o no. A partir de este escenario, el objetivo de este trabajo es comprender en qué medida hay una red de complicidad que fomenta la manifestación de crímenes de odio LGBTfóbicos en la contemporaneidad política brasileña. Para situar el fenómeno teórico y metodológicamente, accionamos el concepto de necropolítica, política de muerte que decide quién tiene el derecho de matar y el de vivir. Proponemos también la dilatación del concepto de crimen de odio, comprendiendo cómo la muerte puede manifestarse más allá del óbito, como en el control de las subjetividades.


Assuntos
Humanos , Política , Crime , Sexismo , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Ódio , Delitos Sexuais , Brasil , Violência de Gênero
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16103, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335669

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Evidence showed that reoffending habits are increasing among offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Given the recidivism rates, a psychotherapeutic intervention becomes imperative. This study examined the efficacy of prison-based cognitive behavioral rehabilitation intervention (PCBRI) on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons. METHOD: A total of45 participants were the sample size. Compulsive Sexual Behavior Inventory and Hypersexual Behavior Inventory were employed in assessing the participants at 3 points. Using a simple random allocation sequence, 23 participants were exposed to PCBRI programme and 22 participants allocated to control condition. The data obtained were analyzed using repeated measures 2-way analysis of variance. RESULTS: Results indicated a significant effect of the treatment on violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Nigerian prisons exposed to the PCBRI programme when compared to the no-intervention group. Result also showed a significant interaction effect of time and group on sex offenders with violent sexual behaviors. Follow-up tests showed significant decrease in violent sexual behaviors after 6 months for the PCBRI group in comparison to the control group. CONCLUSION: This study concluded that PCBRI approach is a type of psychotherapy that reduces violent sexual behaviors among sex offenders in Southeast Nigeria.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Criminosos/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nigéria , Prisões , Reincidência/prevenção & controle , Reincidência/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 7(3): 258-264, jul.-set. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005640

RESUMO

Objetivo: descrever o perfil das notificações da violência física ou sexual contra mulheres de 10 a 49 anos no Piauí. Métodos: estudo descritivo e de série temporal, tendo como base os dados do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificações entre 2009 e 2016. Análises bivariada e múltipla por regressão logística foram realizadas, com cálculo de odds ratio ajustadas (ORaj) e intervalos de confiança de 95% (IC95%). Resultados: houve notificação de 7.783 casos de violência contra mulheres de 10 a 49 anos, sendo 62,3% de agressão física e 23,1% de abuso sexual. Ocorreu maior chance de violência física entre mulheres com 20 anos ou mais (ORaj=1,68;IC95% 1,49-2,07), casadas/ união estável (ORaj=2,18;IC95% 1,98-2,32), praticada pelo parceiro íntimo (ORaj=2,20;IC95% 1,44-2,97) e no ambiente doméstico (ORaj=2,22;IC95% 1,55-3,41). Por sua vez, houve maior chance de violência sexual entre adolescentes de 10 a 19 anos (ORaj=1,78;IC95% 1,44-2,19), solteiras (ORaj=1,94;IC95% 1,33-2,51), perpetrada por desconhecidos (ORaj=1,88;IC95% 1,30-2,84) e na via pública (ORaj=2,04;IC95% 1,66-2,49). Conclusão: o perfil da violência física é diferente daquele da violência sexual, sendo a agressão física mais frequente entre mulheres casadas, no âmbito privado e por parceiro íntimo, enquanto o abuso sexual foi mais comum entre solteiras, praticado em local público e por desconhecidos. Os dados reforçam que o conhecimento desses perfis possibilita intervenções intersetoriais para prevenção e redução de danos da violência contra a mulher.


Objective: to describe the profile of physical or sexual violence against women aged 10-49 in Piauí, Brazil. Methods: descriptive and time-series study based on data from the Notification of Injury Information System, 2009-2016. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed, with adjusted odds ratio calculation (ORaj) and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI). Results: there were 7,783 reported cases of violence against women aged 10-49, 62.3% of whom being physical aggression and 23.1% being sexual abuse. There was greater chance of physical violence among women aged 20 or older (ORadj=1.68;95%CI 1.49-2.07), married/ stable union (ORadj=2.18;95%CI 1.98-2.32), perpetrated by intimate partner (ORadj=2.20;95%CI 1.44-2.97), and in the domestic environment (ORadj=2.22;95%CI 1.55-3.41). In turn, there was greater chance of sexual violence among adolescents aged 10-19 (ORadj=1.78;95%CI 1.44-2.19), single (ORadj=1.94;95%CI 1.33-2.51), committed by strangers (ORadj=1.88;95%CI 1.30-2.84), and in the public place (ORadj=2.04;95%CI 1.66-2.49). Conclusion: physical violence and sexual violence have different profiles, being physical aggression more frequent among married women, in private and by intimate partner, while sexual abuse was more common among single women, practiced in public place and by unknown persons. The data reinforce that the knowledge of these profiles can enable intersectoral interventions for preventing violence against women and reducing its harm.


Assuntos
Violência contra a Mulher , Delitos Sexuais , Sistemas de Informação , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo
6.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 66: 33-37, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202089

RESUMO

This study explores the experiences of people who have attended Saint Mary's Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) for a forensic medical examination (FME). Within the United Kingdom, SARCs support complainants following a sexual assault, delivering specialised care and gathering medico-legal evidence for court proceedings. To date, there has been limited research evaluating SARCs responses towards complainants. 863 Feedback and Evaluation forms, from a three-year period, completed by clients who had accessed Saint Mary's SARC's forensic medical examination service were evaluated. Descriptive statistical analysis found a large majority of clients were 'very satisfied' with the crisis worker, forensic physician and police. Content analysis of the free text responses found more nuanced experiences, which impacted clients overall experience within the SARC. These comments were split into two themes, 'Compliments' and 'Suggestions for improvement'. There were 404 comments focusing on compliments of the service and the staff. Compliments included messages of thanks, with praise for professionalism of the staff and importance of the service. Clients noted in particular that the FME service was delivered in challenging circumstances i.e. the immediate aftermath of a sexual assault. There were 34 comments which made suggestions for improvements. These suggestions focused on pragmatic and logistic issues.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Instalações de Saúde , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Exame Físico , Delitos Sexuais , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Masculino , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Adulto Jovem
7.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 834, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31248392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sexual violence against adolescents is prevalent worldwide and results in significant physical and mental injuries as well as loss of economic and personal potential. Urban informal settlements such as those around Nairobi, Kenya have been shown to have especially high incidences of violence. Research has shown that empowerment interventions for female adolescents can reduce sexual assault. However, these interventions have had limited testing in urban informal settlements, with young adolescents, or in coordination with complementary programs for male adolescents. METHODS/DESIGN: This study was a two-arm, parallel, cluster-randomized trial testing a combination of a previously-tested girls' intervention, IMPower, and a newly revised boys' intervention, Source of Strength. Clusters were defined as schools within the informal settlements; participants were adolescent girls and boys in class 6, generally between the ages of 10-14 at baseline. Data collection began in January 2016 and continued through December 2018. The primary outcome was the change in incidence of self-reported sexual assault among girls from baseline, compared to a life skills standard of care intervention. Secondary outcomes included experiences of physical and emotional violence, as well as determining the effects of the intervention on self-efficacy, self-esteem, and gender attitudes and beliefs, and how those effects led to changes in experience of sexual assault. For the primary outcome and several of the secondary outcomes, we used an intention to treat estimand. DISCUSSION: This was the first randomized controlled trial with longitudinal follow-up of an empowerment self-defense approach to violence prevention for adolescents in informal settlements. The large size and rigorous design supported analysis to understand multiple subgroup experiences in the hypothesized reduction in sexual assault. The study was also unique in its focus on young (10-14 years of age) adolescents and in engaging both boys and girls in separate but coordinated curriculums. The focus on a highly vulnerable and understudied population will make it a significant contribution to the literature on violence prevention. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Clinical Trials.gov # NCT02771132 . Version 3.1 registered May 2017, first participant enrolled January 2017. Retrospectively registered.


Assuntos
Poder (Psicologia) , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Quênia , Masculino , Projetos de Pesquisa , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instituições Acadêmicas
8.
FP Essent ; 480: 28-31, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31063343

RESUMO

In the United States, approximately 1 in 5 women will experience a sexual assault in her lifetime. In most reported cases, men are identified as perpetrators regardless of the sex of the individual assaulted. There typically is some form of relationship between the survivor and the perpetrator-whether it be an acquaintance, friend, family member, or authority figure. As such, female patients should be asked routinely about a history of sexual assault, particularly if the patient reports relevant physical symptoms and/or substance abuse. Factors that could lead to children experiencing sexual assault (particularly via domestic minor sex trafficking) include a history of abuse, substance use, mental health issues, family dysfunction, and the involvement of Child Protective Services. Short-term goals of primary care include management of physical injuries and psychological needs, evaluation for pregnancy, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Long-term effects may include sexual dysfunction, mental disorders (eg, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder), and medical symptoms (eg, chronic headache, infections).


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Tráfico de Pessoas , Delitos Sexuais , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Criança , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos , Violência
10.
An. psicol ; 35(2): 300-313, mayo 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-181700

RESUMO

Esta revisión bibliográfica sintetiza los resultados de estudios meta analíticos sobre factores de riesgo y protección asociados a la Violencia en el Noviazgo (VN). Se incluyeron 15 meta-análisis publicados entre 1997-2018, N = 1784018, y se clasificaron según el modelo socio-ecológico. Se calcularon las Zr media para cada variable y nivel, incluyendo las diferencias en los tamaños del efecto medio entre victimización y perpetración de VN y, posteriormente, se transformaron a r. Se encontró que los factores de riesgo con mayor peso asociados a VN, según nivel, fueron: (1) individual: consumo de tabaco y embarazo precoz (victimización) y sexo (perpetración/victimización); (2) microsistema: acoso sexual de pares (victimización), VN de los pares, tener amigos con conductas problemáticas y sufrir violencia en familia de origen (perpetración/victimización); (3) exosistema: edad (victimización) y barrio (perpetración/victimización) y (4) macrosistema: minoría cultural y desventaja económica (perpetración/victimización). Factores protectores de VN fueron: apoyo social de pares y parentalidad positiva, pero con menos peso. El tamaño del efecto fue mayor para las variables de nivel exo, frente a las macro, individual y micro respectivamente. Hay diferencias entre los tamaños del efecto totales, siendo en el exosistema mayor en victimización que en perpetración. Delimitar los factores de riesgo y protección con mayor efecto sobre VN resulta fundamental para prevenir este problema


This study summarizes the results of meta-analyses about risk and protective factors related to dating violence (DV). Fifteen studies were included from 1997 to 2018, N = 1784018. The results were classified according to ecological theory. The Zr’s were calculated for each factor and level of analyses, including the differences between victimization and perpetration effect sizes. According to the level of analysis, results showed that the effect sizes were greater for: (1) individual level: cigarette smoking, adolescent pregnancy (victimization) and sex (perpetration/victimization); (2) microsystem: peer sexual harassment, (victimization), peer DV, deviant peers and family violence (perpetration/ victimization); (3) Exosystem: age (victimization) and violent neighborhoods (perpetration/ victimization), and (4) macrosystem: cultural minority and disadvantaged neighborhoods (perpetration / victimization). DV protective factors which had lowest effect sizes were: parental and peers support; and highest effect sizes were in the exo and macro-level, and then in individual and micro-level. Furthermore, statistically significant differences between total effect sizes were found, being higher to victimization than perpetration. Delimiting the most important risk and protective factors on DV have important implications for prevention and intervention


Assuntos
Humanos , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Violência contra a Mulher , Exposição à Violência/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Proteção , Apoio Social , Características da Família , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 494, 2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31046717

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Europe, it is estimated that one third of women had experienced at least one physical or sexual violence after their 15. Taking into account the severe health consequences, the Emergency Department (ED), may offer an opportunity to recognize when an aggression is part of the spectrum of violence. This study applies Social Network analysis (SNA) to ED data in the Lazio region with the objective to identify patterns of diagnoses, within all the ED accesses of women experiencing an aggression, that are signals for gender-based violence against women. We aim to develop a risk assessment tool for ED professionals in order to strength their ability to manage victims of violence. METHODS: A cohort of 124,691 women aged 15-70 with an ED visit for aggression between 2003 and 2015 was selected and, for each woman, the ED history of diagnoses and traumas was reconstructed. SNA was applied on all these diagnoses and traumas, including also 9 specific violence diagnoses. SNA community detection algorithms and network centrality measures were used to detect diagnostic patterns more strongly associated to violence. A logistic model was developed to validate the capability of these patterns to predict the odds for a woman of having an history of violence. Model results were summed up into a risk chart. RESULTS: Among women experiencing an aggression, SNA identified four communities representing specific violence-related patterns of diagnoses. Diagnoses having a central role in the violence network were alcohol or substance abuse, pregnancy-related conditions and psychoses. These high-risk violence related patterns accounted for at most 20% of our cohort. The logistic model had good predictive accuracy and predictive power confirming that diagnosis patterns identified through the SNA are meaningful in the violence recognition. CONCLUSIONS: Routine ED data, analyzed using SNA, can be a first-line warning to recognize when an aggression related access is part of the spectrum of gender-based violence against women. Increasing the available number of predictors, such procedures may be proven to support ED staff in identifying early signs of violence to adequately support the victims and mitigate the harms.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Rede Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Percepção Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 502, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053066

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: How the mainstream news media report violence against women is significant if levels of violence are to be reduced and ultimately eliminated. Media reporting is an important indicator through which to measure progress towards shifting social and cultural norms that reinforce or challenge the place of violence against women in our society. The current study, therefore, aimed to establish a baseline picture of the extent and nature of reporting of violence against women by the mainstream Australian news media. METHODS: Descriptive and content analysis of media reports on violence against women that were collected over four months in three states of Australia. Reports were from newspapers, broadcast (television and radio) and online news sites. RESULTS: Coverage of violence against women in the mainstream news media was extensive. Explicitly situating violent experiences for women within a broader social context was infrequent. Few news reports included information for women on where to seek help. Additionally, news reports rarely elevated the voices of survivors, advocates and other experts, with a disproportionate emphasis on law enforcement, political and criminal justice perspectives. CONCLUSIONS: Despite readiness among journalists and readers to engage in news about violence against women, reporting that promotes public understanding of the issue is not always the norm.


Assuntos
Mulheres Maltratadas/estatística & dados numéricos , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Agressão , Austrália , Feminino , Humanos , Problemas Sociais , Televisão/estatística & dados numéricos , Violência
13.
Crim Behav Ment Health ; 29(3): 168-178, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31106937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Information on sexual homicides in China is scarce, particularly with respect to the offenders' primary motivation for the offence. AIMS: Our aim was to examine how offence characteristics of sexual murderers relate to different primary motivations. METHODS: The offender, victim, and offence characteristics of 67 sexual homicides, derived from police data of three regions and published case reports (1994-2017), were explored and compared according to offenders' primary motivation. RESULTS: Heterosexual sexual homicides were committed by offenders who were mainly driven by power and control, sex, and anger, compared with slightly over half of those who motivated primarily by financial gain. Sexual murderers whose killing was mainly driven by sex, money, and anger were more likely to target strangers, whereas offenders who motivated primarily by power and control were more likely to target an intimate partner. Victim abduction was more frequently seen in offenders who were motivated predominantly by money than other motives. Relative to financial gain as primary motivation, sexual killers who were mainly driven by sex, power and control, and anger were more likely to mutilate their victim. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study adds data to a field rarely studied anywhere and hardly at all in China. Findings may offer some help for criminal investigators who need to prioritise their investigative strategies. Once the individual is convicted and sentenced, they may help direct management and/or therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Ira , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Criminosos/psicologia , Homicídio/psicologia , Motivação , Poder (Psicologia) , Adulto , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , China , Psicologia Criminal , Homicídio/etnologia , Homicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Delitos Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual
15.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 64: 45-48, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999130

RESUMO

A new strategy for sexual assault and abuse services was published by NHS England earlier this year. It called for better coordination of services along the Sexual Assault Referral Centre (SARC) pathway following a sexual assault including mental health services for children, young people and adults. Previous research has highlighted the fact that up to two-thirds of those attending SARCs either have a history of mental health problems or are being currently treated for one. The NHS England commissioning guidance for SARCs calls for clear pathways between SARCs and different types of mental health services including: Community mental health teams (CMHTs); child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) or crisis teams (CTs). In this survey of Mental Health Trusts, using freedom of information requests (FOIs) we found that very few mental health services had formally negotiated pathways with SARCs however there were several examples of good practice which it is important to report. We conclude that there is an important role for CCG and NHS England commissioners and the Care Quality Commission (CQC) in improving the relationships between SARCs and Mental Health Services.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Delitos Sexuais , Humanos , Serviços de Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido
16.
Forensic Sci Int ; 299: 44-48, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30954627

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We examined 1200 sexual assault cold cases from Denver, Colorado to ascertain the rate of successful prosecution in which there was a DNA suspect match and the cost per conviction. RESULTS: Nearly 40% of the cases in which there was a DNA match failed to result in an arrest or prosecution primarily because victims were uncooperative or their testimony was judged to be unreliable. Other factors affecting conviction included crime context, victim availability, and the ability of the defendant to mount a consensual sex defense. Once an arrest had been made, however, the conviction rate exceeded 90%. We estimate that Denver's sexual assault DNA testing program cost roughly $16,000 per conviction. CONCLUSION: Our results lend strong support to the value of testing sexual assault kits (SAKs) even in cold cases. This suggests that programs such as Federal Solving Cold Cases with DNA Program are well worth the investment.


Assuntos
Impressões Digitais de DNA/economia , Impressões Digitais de DNA/legislação & jurisprudência , Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência , Adulto , Colorado/epidemiologia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados de Ácidos Nucleicos , Humanos , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
J Forensic Nurs ; 15(2): 84-92, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30985545

RESUMO

Sexual violence occurs in all gender, socioeconomic, religious, and ethnic groups. The trauma of sexual violence negatively affects both a person's physical and mental health. Individuals often experience suicidal ideations in the aftermath of a sexually violent event. On the basis of an understanding of the causative relationship between sexual violence and increased suicidality, a quality improvement study was developed to enhance the direct nursing care provided to clients at the time of the forensic examination and the aftercare provided to clients after discharge at a single-site sexual assault clinic. The study consisted of the implementation of three interventions including (a) use of an evidence-based suicide risk assessment tool, (b) establishment of a nursing protocol to standardize the community resource referral process, and (c) education of the clinic's nursing staff. These interventions provided the nursing staff with a standardized method to identify each client's suicide risk while also referring them to appropriate aftercare services in the local community. Results indicated that it was highly beneficial to screen all clients for suicide risk as it promoted client safety and acted as a catalyst for the emotional healing process.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Medição de Risco , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Suicídio , Alabama , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço , Masculino , Avaliação em Enfermagem , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Melhoria de Qualidade , Encaminhamento e Consulta
18.
San Salvador; s.n; abr. 2019. 80 p. tab, graf.
Tese em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1007288

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Evaluar el protocolo de seguimiento a mujeres afectadas por violencia sexual que son atendidas en la Unidad de Emergencia del Hospital Nacional de la Mujer "Dra. María Isabel Rodríguez", 2017. METODOLOGÍA: Población de 104 pacientes que consultaron durante el 2017. Muestra de 89 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y cuantitativo. Tabulación y procesamiento de datos se realizó a través de una matriz de Excel. RESULTADOS: Un 59.55% de las víctimas son menores de edad y provienen del gran San Salvador. El 30.33% de las pacientes han cursado hasta la secundaria, 86.52% son solteras y 67.41% son nulíparas. En este último rubro 5.6% estaban embarazadas producto de la agresión sexual. Muchas de las acciones contempladas en el protocolo se están realizando sin seguir la guía, dejando a discreción del evaluador la atención. En cuanto al llenado correcto de la hoja de seguimiento en la mayoría de los casos se hizo de manera correcta en los diferentes controles a los que asistió la paciente; sin embargo llama la atención el ausentismo de las pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: Los datos sociodemográficos encontrados no difieren de las estadísticas; mujeres menores de 18 años, bajo nivel educativo, solteras, habitan en zonas de conflicto, nulíparas y se documentan embarazos productos de la agresión sexual. Se debe de estandarizar la manera de atender a las pacientes de modo que los prestadores de servicios se apeguen a los lineamientos. La calidad del llenado del instrumento de seguimiento se realiza de manera correcta, sin embargo el alto número de ausentismo en sus controles fue una de las limitantes para establecer una muestra representativa


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Delitos Sexuais , Violência , Violência contra a Mulher
19.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(321): 14-17, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006438

RESUMO

Shaped by culture and education, human sexuality is organised around the principle of mutual consent, and other limits fixed by the law, between partners in emotional exchanges and sexual relationships. When this is not the case, complex issues of sexual violence, inflicted and suffered, arise. Certain health professionals then become involved, working either with the perpetrator and/or the victims of this violence. The care can be complicated because these professionals do not know the reality of the situations described. Caution and a critical distance must therefore accompany their assessments and their clinical actions.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime , Delitos Sexuais , Humanos
20.
Soins Psychiatr ; 40(321): 18-21, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006439

RESUMO

Who are these people who sexually assault others, adults or children? They are called 'monsters', 'predators', 'sex offenders', but who is really hidden behind these stereotypes? The diversity of the patients who are perpetrators of sexual violence poses a challenge in terms of the encounter with them; through what they have done but also what they are and what they have experienced. The question then arises of how to establish a relationship with them, and how, as a caregiver, to go beyond one's own representations in order to implement a therapeutic approach.


Assuntos
Prisioneiros/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Delitos Sexuais/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos
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