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1.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(5): 627-634, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33931222

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate and compare the bridging and dimensions of the sella turcica and calcification of the ponticulus posticus in subjects with different dental anomalies. METHODS: Pretreatment records of orthodontic patients with palatally impacted canines (n = 95), mandibular second premolar agenesis (n = 45), maxillary lateral incisor agenesis (n = 75), tooth transpositions (TT, n = 25), peg-shaped maxillary lateral incisors (n = 30), and third molar agenesis (TMA, n = 145) were analyzed and compared with the control group (CG) consisting of 145 subjects with skeletal Class I malocclusion and no dental anomalies. The length, diameter, and depth of the sella turcica were calculated for each patient. The degree of sella turcica bridging was scored as type I, II, and III, whereas the extent of ponticulus posticus was classified as Class I, II, and III. RESULTS: Only decreases in the length and diameter of the sella turcica in subjects with TT were found to be statistically significant. Although type II bridging frequency was found to be significantly lower in subjects with mandibular second premolar agenesis, maxillary lateral incisor agenesis, TT, and TMA, type III bridging frequency was found to be significantly higher only in subjects with TMA. The decrease in Class I calcification frequencies and the increase in Class II calcification frequencies were found to be significant in subjects with palatally impacted canines, TT, and TMA compared with the CG. In addition, the presence of Class III calcification was found to be significantly more frequent in subjects with TMA than in the CG. CONCLUSIONS: Although type II and type III bridging frequencies were found to be higher than in previous studies because of the higher type II bridging frequency in the CG, type II bridging frequency was found to be insignificant. Furthermore, an increased frequency of ponticulus posticus calcification was observed in subjects with palatally impacted canines, TT, and TMA.


Assuntos
Atlas Cervical , Dente Impactado , Dente Pré-Molar , Cefalometria , Humanos , Sela Túrcica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Quintessence Int ; 52(6): 538-546, 2021 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33880908

RESUMO

An orthodontic extraction technique with a ramus mini-screw was used to remove a deeply impacted mandibular third molar contacting the inferior alveolar nerve, avoiding damage to the inferior alveolar nerve and relieving postsurgery inflammation. Case presentation: A 24-year-old man was required to extract impacted third molars for orthodontic treatment. Panoramic radiographs and CBCT images showed that his mandibular left third molar penetrated into the inferior alveolar nerve canal and a distomolar was inverted and impacted distally to the third molar. The distomolar was directly removed and the impacted third molar was extruded with the aid of a ramus mini-screw. After 4 months of traction, the mandibular left third molar was successfully moved away from the inferior alveolar nerve canal. No nerve injury occurred after the surgical extraction and the patient was very satisfied with the treatment outcome. Conclusion: Orthodontic extraction, with the aid of ramus mini-screws, is a safe, effective, and efficient technique for the removal of high-risk impacted molars contacting the inferior alveolar nerve. (Quintessence Int 2021;52:538-546; doi: 10.3290/j.qi.b1244345).


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo , Adulto , Parafusos Ósseos , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Nervo Mandibular , Dente Molar , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Radiografia Panorâmica , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
3.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 180, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827533

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A dentigerous cyst (DC) is a pathology embracing the crown of an unerupted tooth at risk of malignant transformation. The causal tooth is usually removed together with the cyst. However, if there are orthodontic contraindications for extraction, two questions arise. (1) Which factors favor spontaneous eruption? (2) Which factors imply the necessity of applying orthodontic traction? This systematic review aimed to identify factors conducive/inconducive to the spontaneous eruption of teeth after dentigerous cyst marsupialization. METHODS: In accordance with the PRISMA guidelines, the main research question was defined in the PICO format (P: patients with dentigerous cysts; I: spontaneous tooth eruption after surgical DC treatment; C: lack of a spontaneous tooth eruption after surgical DC treatment; O: determining factors potentially influencing spontaneous tooth eruption). The MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases were searched for keywords combining dentigerous/odontogenic/follicular cysts with teeth and/or orthodontics, as well as human teeth and eruption patterns/intervals/periods/durations. The following data were extracted from the qualified articles (4 out of 3005 found initially): the rate of tooth eruption after surgical treatment of the cyst, the age and sex of the patients, the perpendicular projection distance between the top of the tooth cusp and the edge of the alveolar process, tooth angulation, the root formation stage, the cyst area, and the eruption space. The articles were subjected to risk of bias and quality analyses with the ROBINS-I protocol and the modified Newcastle-Ottawa QAS, respectively. Meta-analyses were performed with both fixed and random effects models. The GRADE approach was used to evaluate the quality of the evidence. The systematic review was registered in PROSPERO under ID CRD42020189044. RESULTS: Nearly 62% of DC-associated premolars erupted spontaneously after cyst marsupialization/decompression. Young age (mean = 10 years) and root formation not exceeding 1/2 of its fully developed length were the factors likely to favor spontaneous eruption. CONCLUSION: The small number of published studies, as well as their heterogeneity and the critical risk of bias, did not allow the creation of evidence-based protocols for managing teeth with DC after marsupialization. More high-quality research is needed to draw more reliable conclusions.


Assuntos
Cisto Dentígero , Dente Impactado , Dente não Erupcionado , Dente Pré-Molar , Criança , Cisto Dentígero/complicações , Cisto Dentígero/cirurgia , Humanos , Erupção Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
4.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 178, 2021 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33827538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lateral periodontal cyst (LPC) is an uncommon form of developmental odontogenic cyst. LPC can be suspected when there is a round, well-circumscribed radiolucency, usually of small diameter, along the lateral surface of vital erupted teeth, predominantly in the mandibular premolar region. Histopathological analysis allows LPC to be diagnosed based on its characteristic features such as a thin cuboidal to stratified squamous non-keratinizing epithelium containing epithelial plaques and glycogen-rich clear cells. The aim of this article was to report two cases of atypical LPC associated either with an impacted lower left canine (tooth #33) or with a lower right third molar (tooth #48). CASE PRESENTATION: Case 1: A 56-year-old man was referred to us for an oro-dental assessment. Panoramic radiography revealed an impacted lower left permanent canine (tooth #33) with well-defined radiolucency on its upper cervical margin. A CT scan revealed a pericoronal radiolucency of 5 mm at its widest diameter around the impacted tooth #33. The pericoronal tissue was removed and sent for histopathological examination. The results revealed a lateral periodontal cyst. Satisfactory postoperative healing was achieved at the site. Follow-up at 12 months indicated no recurrence of the lesion. Case 2: A 54-year-old woman consulted with the main issue being pain on the lower right side of the face. Intra-oral examination revealed a vestibular swelling involving the region of the second molar (tooth #47), with obliteration of buccal sulcus. Pocket depth was determined to be 9 mm at the distal of #47. A diagnosis of gingival abscess resulting from chronic periodontitis was made. Panoramic radiography revealed a radiolucent cystic lesion associated with an impacted horizontal lower right third molar (tooth #48), suggestive of a dentigerous cyst. X-rays also revealed alveolar bone resorption on the molar (tooth #47). The cyst was removed along with the third molar and submitted for histopathological diagnosis. The diagnosis was LPC. Follow-up at 18 months indicated no recurrence of the lesion. CONCLUSION: These cases represent atypical presentations of LPC. They provide examples of the differential diagnosis of pericoronal radiolucencies involving an impacted tooth and our observations provide insights regarding the pathogenesis of LPC.


Assuntos
Cistos Odontogênicos , Cisto Periodontal , Dente Impactado , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Cisto Periodontal/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem
6.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 26(3): e269-e275, 2021 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772570

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The extraction of impacted third molar teeth is a common procedure in maxillofacial surgery. The aim of this study was to compare of piezoelectric surgical technique with the one with conventional rotary instruments in terms of edema, trismus and pain, in mandibular third molar surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 20 individuals with symmetrically impacted lower mandibular third molars and 40 teeth were included in the study. Third molars on the left side of each patient were removed with piezosurgery, while the counterparts on the right side were removed with conventional rotary instruments. Postoperatively, the same antibiotic, analgesic, and mouthwash were recommended to both groups. Ultrasound, edema, trismus measurements were performed before surgery, postoperative, postoperative day 2 and postoperative day 7. VAS scale was used to evaluate the pain. RESULTS: The average age of 20 individuals included in the study was found to be 21.85 ± 3.08 years. The operation time of the individuals who underwent the surgery with conventional rotary instruments was found to be 12 minutes 31.70 ± 167.03 seconds, and the operation time in the Piezosurgery group was 19 minutes 10.60 ± 306.59 seconds. There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of trismus, edema, and pain. CONCLUSIONS: Piezosurgery is a safe method that can be used in molar removal, but in this split-mouth study, it is not found advantageous in terms of postoperative morbidity due to the longer working time compared to the one performed with conventional rotary instruments.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Edema/epidemiologia , Edema/etiologia , Humanos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dente Molar , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Morbidade , Boca , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/epidemiologia , Trismo/etiologia , Adulto Jovem
7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 125: 105054, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33667958

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aimed to address whether the alveolar socket repair after a tooth extraction is impacted by an osteoporotic phenotype and propose methodological observations. DESIGN: A search strategy in MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Scopus databases was performed. Quality assessment was carried out through the SYRCLE Risk of Bias tool. RESULTS: Out of the 1147 potentially relevant records, 25 met the inclusion criteria. Most of the studies were performed in rats, and ovariectomy (OVX) was the most frequent osteoporosis induction method. Histomorphometry, micro-computed tomography (microCT), and immunohistochemistry were the main bone repair evaluation methods. Most of the included studies (88 %) presented negative impacts of osteoporosis on the alveolar socket repair. Only three studies (12 %) showed no statistical differences among groups. Overall, most of the quality assessment categories presented a high percentage of unclear risk of bias due to insufficient information in the studies. CONCLUSIONS: The results indicated that an osteoporotic phenotype seems to impair alveolar socket repair after tooth extraction. However, there is still a lack of information and standardization. Therefore, further studies should consider the proposed methodological aspects regarding animal characteristics, OVX associated with a low calcium diet, waiting 8 weeks to osteoporosis induction, maxillary molars as the best option for tooth extraction, confirming and reporting OVX and osteoporosis success, and an appropriate method of repair analysis.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Dente Impactado , Animais , Feminino , Humanos , Ovariectomia , Ratos , Extração Dentária , Alvéolo Dental/diagnóstico por imagem , Alvéolo Dental/cirurgia , Microtomografia por Raio-X
8.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 91, 2021 03 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33653320

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serratiopeptidase has been clinically used in controlling surgical and non-surgical inflammatory conditions. This study was conducted to assess the therapeutic effect of Serratiopeptidase in patients undergoing surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molar. METHODS: This randomized clinical trial investigated the efficacy of Serratiopeptidase and Paracetamol after surgical removal of impacted third molar for 5 days (n = 67) as compared with an equivalent dose of placebo and Paracetamol (n = 66). Outcome measures were reported pain, trismus and swelling using Laskin method. All outcome measures were recorded on days 0, 1, 2, 4, and 5 post-surgeries. RESULTS: In this clinical trail 133 patients (mean age 23 years, 54% female) completed the study. Baseline characteristics were comparable across treatment groups. Serratiopeptidase significantly improved trismus compared with control on the 4th day (27.30 ± 7.3 mm and 32.06 ± 7.7 mm, respectively (P < 0.001) Swelling markedly improved, The distance from the lower edge of the earlobe to the midpoint of the symphysis for cases vs control were 111.49 ± 8.1 mm and 115.39 ± 9.9 mm, respectively (P < 0.001). Reported pain, showed no statistical significance difference. CONCLUSION: Serratiopeptidase resulted in better inflammation improvement than placebo over 5 days. Further studies are warranted to assess longer-term and clinical outcomes, as well as safety. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Serratiopeptidase administered postoperatively helps in improving trismus and swelling after removal of impacted lower third molars. Trial registration The study was registered in ClinicalTrial.gov under the number NCT02493179. Registered 1st of June 2015, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/results?cond=serratiopeptidase .


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Peptídeo Hidrolases , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Trismo/etiologia , Trismo/prevenção & controle , Adulto Jovem
9.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(3): 305-311, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33641814

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The early diagnosis and interception of potential maxillary canine impaction is the most desirable approach for correcting their path of eruption. However, there is still a lack of evidence regarding the effect of rapid maxillary expansion (RME) on labially impacted canines. This study aimed to investigate the age-related effect of RME on labially impacted maxillary canines in order to reduce the risk of their impaction in the mixed dentition and to examine the proper timing of interceptive treatment. METHODS: All patients aged 7-10 years were treated with an RME appliance using the same protocol. The distance to the occlusal plane, axis to the midline, and distribution in different sectors-depending on the patients' age-were evaluated for maxillary canines before and after treatment on panoramic radiographs in order to detect changes in the position of the impacted canines. These geometric measurements in the impacted canines were also validated by observing the nontreated canines at each age. RESULTS: Significant differences existed between the impacted canines and the erupted canines in all 3 categories in all age groups. RME treatment modulated the position of the impacted canines in all age groups. Interestingly, a statistically significant difference before and after RME in all categories was detected in patients aged <8 years. A discriminant analysis also showed a positive association of RME treatment with the risk of labially impacted canines. The standardized regression coefficients showed that the angulation of the maxillary canine was the most important predictor for impaction. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that RME treatment in the early mixed dentition was effective for managing labially impacted maxillary canines. An age of 7-8 years with early mixed dentition might be the most appropriate timing for therapeutic intervention on the basis of RME treatment for buccal canine impaction.


Assuntos
Técnica de Expansão Palatina , Dente Impactado , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Dente Canino/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/terapia
10.
Ned Tijdschr Tandheelkd ; 128(3): 161-166, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33734222

RESUMO

Eruption of mandibular second molars usually occurs around the age of 12. Incomplete eruption of second molars in such young patients can lead to loss of the molars, due to caries, root resorption or periodontal pathology. When a pathology of this kind develops, the treatment option for a mesially impacted molar is often to extract the tooth. If tooth eruption is, however, monitored closely by the dentist and/or orthodontist, early treatment can be considered in order to preserve the tooth. Partially impacted second molars can be placed in a functional anatomical position by surgical uprighting and repositioning. As long as certain conditions are met, this results in sound functionality with preservation of the full dentition. In cases of incomplete eruption, this treatment option should therefore be considered by dentists and orthodontists before extracting the second molars.


Assuntos
Mandíbula , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dente Serotino , Erupção Dentária , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
11.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 49(5): 347-351, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602598

RESUMO

This study aimed at evaluating changes in scleral show following Le Fort I osteotomy with either impaction or lengthening of the mid face. Patients who underwent Le Fort I osteotomy were included. The patients were divided according to the direction of the movement: group 1 underwent maxillary advancement and impaction, while group 2 underwent maxillary advancement and lengthening. Standardized preoperative and 6-month postoperative photos were superimposed using Microsoft PowerPoint. The inferior visible scleral area was assessed with landmarks and measured separately using ImageJ software. Marked scleral surface area was determined using pixel count. A total of 36 consecutive patients were included. The mean maxillary advancement in the patients was 4.16 ± 2.14 mm. The mean impaction in group 1 (n= 21) was 1.06 ± 1.49 mm, while the mean vertical lengthening in group 2 (n = 15) was 1.54 ± 1.65 mm. The difference in improvement in the inferior scleral show between the groups was not statistically significant. Preoperative (180 ± 118.2 mm) and postoperative (147.75 ± 92.2 mm) scleral show significantly improved (p = 0.012) in both groups. Scleral show can be overlooked for movements under 6 mm while planning for maxillary orthognathic movement, as it improves regardless of the desired movement.


Assuntos
Osteotomia de Le Fort , Dente Impactado , Cefalometria , Face , Humanos , Maxila/cirurgia , Osteotomia Maxilar , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Bull Tokyo Dent Coll ; 62(1): 49-54, 2021 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583881

RESUMO

An ameloblastic fibroma (AF) is a proliferative mixed tumor which includes components of both odontogenic epithelium and mesenchymal tissue. It is a relatively rare neoplasm, accounting for approximately only 1.5-4.5% of odontogenic tumors. This case report describes an AF that occurred in the mandibular anterior tooth region in a 9-year-old girl who presented with the chief complaint of swelling in the left mandibular anterior tooth region. Intraoral examination revealed a swelling along the labial gingiva, extending from the left mandibular lateral incisor region to the left mandibular canine. Upon palpation, the swelling appeared to comprise a hard tissue. Computed tomography revealed a supernumerary impacted tooth; soft tissue density in the bone surrounding the region extending from the left mandibular lateral incisor to the left mandibular canine; labial bone expansion; and thinning of the labial cortical bone. A biopsy was performed under local anesthesia and the lesion subsequently diagnosed as an AF. Tumor resection and extraction of the supernumerary impacted tooth were carried out under general anesthesia. At 2 years postoperatively the prognosis is good. Although relapse with an AF is rarer than that with an ameloblastoma, strict follow-up is required, as malignant transformation to an ameloblastic fibrosarcoma has been reported in relapsed cases.


Assuntos
Ameloblastoma , Fibroma , Neoplasias Mandibulares , Tumores Odontogênicos , Dente Impactado , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Mandibulares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Mandibulares/cirurgia , Tumores Odontogênicos/diagnóstico por imagem , Tumores Odontogênicos/cirurgia
13.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2: CD003811, 2021 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33624847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most frequent indications for tooth extractions, generally performed by general dental practitioners, are dental caries and periodontal infections. Systemic antibiotics may be prescribed to patients undergoing extractions to prevent complications due to infection. This is an update of a review first published in 2012. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis on the prevention of infectious complications following tooth extractions. SEARCH METHODS: Cochrane Oral Health's Information Specialist searched the following databases: Cochrane Oral Health Trials Register (to 16 April 2020), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) (the Cochrane Library, 2020, Issue 3), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 16 April 2020), Embase Ovid (1980 to 16 April 2020), and LILACS (1982 to 16 April 2020). The US National Institutes of Health Trials Registry (ClinicalTrials.gov) and the World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Registry Platform were searched for ongoing trials. No restrictions were placed on the language or date of publication when searching the electronic databases. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials of systemic antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing tooth extraction(s) for any indication. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: At least two review authors independently performed data extraction and 'Risk of bias' assessment for the included studies. We contacted trial authors for further details where these were unclear. For dichotomous outcomes, we calculated risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) using random-effects models. For continuous outcomes, we used mean differences (MD) with 95% CI using random-effects models. We examined potential sources of heterogeneity. We assessed the certainty of the body of evidence for key outcomes as high, moderate, low, or very low, using the GRADE approach. MAIN RESULTS: We included 23 trials that randomised approximately 3206 participants (2583 analysed) to prophylactic antibiotics or placebo. Although general dentists perform dental extractions because of severe dental caries or periodontal infection, only one of the trials evaluated the role of antibiotic prophylaxis in groups of patients affected by those clinical conditions. We assessed 16 trials as being at high risk of bias, three at low risk, and four as unclear.  Compared to placebo, antibiotics may reduce the risk of postsurgical infectious complications in patients undergoing third molar extractions by approximately 66% (RR 0.34, 95% CI 0.19 to 0.64; 1728 participants; 12 studies; low-certainty evidence), which means that 19 people (95% CI 15 to 34) need to be treated with antibiotics to prevent one infection following extraction of impacted wisdom teeth. Antibiotics may also reduce the risk of dry socket by 34% (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.45 to 0.97; 1882 participants; 13 studies; low-certainty evidence), which means that 46 people (95% CI 29 to 62) need to take antibiotics to prevent one case of dry socket following extraction of impacted wisdom teeth. The evidence for our other outcomes is uncertain: pain, whether measured dichotomously as presence or absence (RR 0.59, 95% CI 0.31 to 1.12; 675 participants; 3 studies) or continuously using a visual analogue scale (0-to-10-centimetre scale, where 0 is no pain) (MD -0.26, 95% CI -0.59 to 0.07; 422 participants; 4 studies); fever (RR 0.66, 95% CI 0.24 to 1.79; 475 participants; 4 studies); and adverse effects, which were mild and transient (RR 1.46, 95% CI 0.81 to 2.64; 1277 participants; 8 studies) (very low-certainty evidence).  We found no clear evidence that the timing of antibiotic administration (preoperative, postoperative, or both) was important. The included studies enrolled a subset of patients undergoing dental extractions, that is healthy people who had surgical extraction of third molars. Consequently, the results of this review may not be generalisable to all people undergoing tooth extractions. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The vast majority (21 out of 23) of the trials included in this review included only healthy patients undergoing extraction of impacted third molars, often performed by oral surgeons. None of the studies evaluated tooth extraction in immunocompromised patients. We found low-certainty evidence that prophylactic antibiotics may reduce the risk of infection and dry socket following third molar extraction when compared to placebo, and very low-certainty evidence of no increase in the risk of adverse effects. On average, treating 19 healthy patients with prophylactic antibiotics may stop one person from getting an infection. It is unclear whether the evidence in this review is generalisable to patients with concomitant illnesses or patients at a higher risk of infection. Due to the increasing prevalence of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotic treatment, clinicians should evaluate if and when to prescribe prophylactic antibiotic therapy before a dental extraction for each patient on the basis of the patient's clinical conditions (healthy or affected by systemic pathology) and level of risk from infective complications. Immunocompromised patients, in particular, need an individualised approach in consultation with their treating medical specialist.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Antibioticoprofilaxia/efeitos adversos , Infecções Bacterianas/prevenção & controle , Viés , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados como Assunto , Alvéolo Seco/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle
14.
BMC Oral Health ; 21(1): 77, 2021 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on pain mitigation following the third molar surgery is still controversial. The absence of a standard method for using laser among the studies is related to the types of sample selection, sample size, control, and LLLT parameters, which make pain mitigation following surgery more controversial. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the effect of LLLT on reducing pain, swelling, and trismus following the mandibular impacted third molar surgery. METHODS: This study was performed on 25 healthy subjects. After the surgery, amoxicillin 500 mg was prescribed every 8 h for a 7-day period besides oral Ibuprofen (Gelofen) 400 mg every 12 h for a 3-day period. The intraoral Laser diode 940 nm was applied immediately after suture on the tested side, while on the placebo side, a fiber tip was used with no laser radiation following surgery. Eventually, the pain score was evaluated by VAS index from the 1st to the 7th-day post-surgery and then analyzed by SPSS 24. RESULTS: The results indicate that the mean swelling and trismus before, during, 2 days after, and 7 days after the intervention did not differ significantly between the two studied groups. However, the results show that on the sixth and seventh days, the pain was significantly lower in the intervention group compared to the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that although the pain, swelling, and trismus following surgery were lower on the radiated side, only pain was found to be significant on the radiated side (p < 0.05). The registration number of the clinical trial in a Primary Registry in the WHO Registry Network is IRCT20141209020258N110 and the date of retrospective registration is 04/05/2019. The related URL is https://www.irct.ir/trial/36321 .


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Dente Impactado , Método Duplo-Cego , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/etiologia , Trismo/prevenção & controle
15.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(4): 536-544, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33568277

RESUMO

Treatment of an impacted incisor with a dilacerated root is challenging for clinicians because of the position of the impacted incisor, the abnormality of the root, unfavorable prognosis, and, especially, the long treatment duration. We report on 2 young patients who had inversely impacted maxillary central incisors with developing labially dilacerated roots. Both patients were treated by a novel surgical approach, in situ rotation, by which the crowns of the inversely impacted incisors were carefully rotated to a relatively normal position, whereas the apical location remained relatively unchanged. About 2 weeks after surgery, spontaneous eruption of the treated incisors was observed. Three months later, the postoperative central incisors were further aligned into the maxillary arch with a fixed orthodontic appliance. Follow-up visits 2 or 3 years after surgery indicated that the positions of the dilacerated incisors maintained stability with good gingival esthetics, and the pulpal vitality was favorable. The roots grew further in a relatively normal direction of the incisor's longitudinal axis, which was different from the initial curvature angle. Moreover, with the in situ rotation surgery, treatment time was greatly reduced and resulted in a favorable prognosis compared with conventional treatment.


Assuntos
Incisivo , Dente Impactado , Estética Dentária , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Maxila/cirurgia , Rotação , Raiz Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Raiz Dentária/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
16.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 26(2): e118-e125, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33609021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Propolis has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and healing properties. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a gel containing 2% of propolis extract, 0.2% of ascorbic acid and 0.2% of tocopherol acetate is effective in preventing surgical complications related to impacted lower third molar extractions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, split-mouth study was performed. Fifteen patients were recruited who needed bilateral impacted lower third molar extractions with a similar surgical difficulty. A test or placebo gel was administered randomly inside post-extraction sockets. Each patient was instructed to apply the gel 3 times/day in the surgical wound for a week. After a month, the contralateral third molar was extracted, and the opposite gel applied. The following parameters were diagnosed/evaluated and then recorded: alveolar osteitis following Blum's criteria, swelling and trismus at day one, two, three and seven post-intervention, wound healing at day 7 post-intervention, and postoperative pain using a visual analog scale, as well as, the number of analgesic pill intake. RESULTS: A total of twenty-six surgical procedures were performed in 13 patients (mean age 20.67±2 years). Alveolar osteitis was reported in 3 patients from the placebo group (23.1%) and none in the test group (0%) (p=0.25). No statistically significant differences were reported in swelling, trismus, wound healing or analgesic pill consumption between two groups. But statistically lower postoperative pain during the 7 days after surgical extractions was found according to visual analog scale in test group compared to the placebo group (p=0.007). No side effects were reported. CONCLUSIONS: The application of this gel may be effective in preventing alveolitis and thus reducing postoperative pain after impacted third molar extractions. More randomized clinical trials with larger sample are needed to confirm these results.


Assuntos
Alvéolo Seco , Própole , Dente Impactado , Adolescente , Adulto , Método Duplo-Cego , Alvéolo Seco/etiologia , Alvéolo Seco/prevenção & controle , Edema , Humanos , Mandíbula , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Projetos Piloto , Extratos Vegetais , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(2): e135-e147, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33388201

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purposes of this study were to characterize the 3-dimensional position of teeth adjacent to impacted canines and examine whether impaction affects canine development using cone-beam computed tomography. METHODS: Cone-beam computed tomography images of 34 unilateral maxillary impacted canines (12 males, 22 females; mean age, 16.5 years) were collected. Twenty-one canines were palatally impacted (PIC), and 13 were buccally impacted (BIC). Angular measurements of lateral incisors (LIs), first premolars, and the impacted canines positions relative to a 3-dimensional coordinate system and canines' volume, length, and shape of the roots, were compared between the affected and contralateral control sides. The influence of canine position and severity of impaction was examined. Statistics included the paired t test, Wilcoxon signed rank test, and McNemar test. RESULTS: In the PIC group, LIs showed significant mesiobuccal rotation (-17.1°), mesial angulation (8.4°), and buccal root torque (5°) and first premolars mesiobuccal rotation (6.1°). In the BIC group, LIs displayed mesiobuccal rotation (-18°) and significant palatal root torque (-5°). The canine volumes were similar in BICs and slightly smaller in PICs. The lengths were shorter in both, but root hooks were more prevalent in BICs. The severity of impaction affected the measured variables. CONCLUSIONS: The differential position of the adjacent teeth is pathognomonic for PIC vs BIC, and impaction seems to affect canine development. The findings provide evidence-based clinical and radiographical clues for early diagnosis of canine displacement and planning the most efficient treatment strategy. In addition, they support timely orthodontic eruption before the development of the apical third of the root.


Assuntos
Dente Canino , Dente Impactado , Adolescente , Dente Pré-Molar , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Dente Canino/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Incisivo , Masculino , Maxila/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33419167

RESUMO

Non-infectious complications such as post-extraction pain, trismus, and swelling are extremely common after impacted wisdom tooth removal. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of using kinesio tape on the level of the postoperative swelling of soft tissues, trismus, and pain in patients undergoing the surgical extraction of an impacted mandibular third molar. One hundred patients undergoing the surgical extraction of a lower wisdom tooth were randomly divided into two groups: a study group with kinesio taping (KT) (n = 50) and a control group without kinesio taping (NKT) (n = 50). The surgical procedure was performed according to the same repeatable scheme. Kinesio tape was applied immediately after surgery in the KT group. In both groups, measurements of swelling, trismus, and pain were performed before the surgery and on the third and seventh postprocedural days. Kinesio tape had a significant effect on the decrease in facial swelling on the third day after surgery and a decrease in trismus and pain severity levels on the third and seventh days after surgery. The kinesio tape method is non-invasive, continuously active throughout the entire application period, and requires no additional patient appointments. KT application is an effective method for reducing postoperative edema, pain, and trismus after impacted mandibular wisdom teeth surgery.


Assuntos
Fita Atlética , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/etiologia
19.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 159(5): 682-692, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33495060

RESUMO

The first molar has been reported to be the most caries prone tooth in the permanent dentition. Orthodontists are treating more adult patients who are more likely to have missing and severely decayed first molars. This article will show the various orthodontic and restorative options for first molars that are already extracted or have to be extracted. The following clinical situations will be addressed: molar uprighting and its advantages for the future restoration vs orthodontic space closure, strategic extraction of salvable first molars, impacted molars, and early extraction of compromised permanent first molars in young children.


Assuntos
Dente Molar , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Arco Dental , Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Fechamento de Espaço Ortodôntico , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
20.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 59(2): 191-196, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33483157

RESUMO

We undertook this study to assess the analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties of ibuprofen when administered through two drug delivery systems after mandibular third molar surgery. The study was conducted on 100 patients who required the surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars under local anaesthesia. The study subjects were divided into two groups of 50 patients each. Patients in the study group were given ibuprofen-incorporated chitosan-based microspheres, which were packed into the third molar sockets after removal of impacted teeth. Patients in the control group were prescribed with ibuprofen 400mg tablets that were to be administered orally after the removal of impacted mandibular third molars. All patients were assessed for pain, swelling, and trismus on the second, fourth, and seventh postoperative days, and wound healing was assessed on the seventh postoperative day. Patients in the study group had significantly less pain and comparatively better mouth opening on the second, fourth, and seventh postoperative days, which showed clinically and statistically significant results of p<0.05, respectively, while the assessment of swelling for the study group did not show statistically significant results on any of the three postoperative days. Among 50 patients in the study group, two had wound gaping, and among 50 patients in the control group, four presented with wound gaping and three patients developed dry socket. Ibuprofen-incorporated chitosan-based microspheres (study group) had comparatively better analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties with drastic reduction of pain, swelling, trismus, and also had a reliable wound healing property when compared with the orally-administered ibuprofen (control group) after mandibular third molar surgery.


Assuntos
Quitosana , Preparações Farmacêuticas , Dente Impactado , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Quitosana/uso terapêutico , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Microesferas , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Trismo/etiologia , Trismo/prevenção & controle
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