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2.
Orthod Fr ; 95(1): 79-103, 2024 05 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38699916

RESUMO

Introduction: Impacted or transposed teeth present a common yet challenging issue in dentistry. These conditions occur when teeth fail to erupt properly or emerge in abnormal positions within the dental arch. Material and Method: This article explores the evolving landscape of therapeutic strategies for impacted or transposed teeth, emphasizing a multidisciplinary and patient-centered approach. Results: By adopting a multidisciplinary approach involving orthodontists, oral surgeons, and other dental specialists, clinicians can tailor treatment plans to address individual needs and optimize outcomes. Discussion: Therapeutic reassessment of impacted or transposed teeth represents a paradigm shift in modern dentistry, emphasizing personalized care, minimally invasive techniques, and interdisciplinary collaboration.


Introduction: Les dents incluses ou transposées présentent un problème courant, quoique difficile à gérer. Ces conditions surviennent lorsque les dents ne parviennent pas à faire leur éruption correctement ou émergent dans des positions anormales au sein de l'arcade dentaire. Matériel et méthode: Cet article explore le paysage évolutif des stratégies thérapeutiques proposées pour la prise en charge des dents incluses ou transposées, en mettant l'accent sur une approche multidisciplinaire centrée sur le patient. Résultats: En adoptant une approche multidisciplinaire réunissant des orthodontistes, des chirurgiens oraux et d'autres spécialistes dentaires, les cliniciens peuvent adapter les plans de traitement au mieux pour répondre aux besoins individuels de chaque patient et optimiser les résultats. Discussion: La réévaluation thérapeutique des dents incluses ou transposées représente un changement de paradigme en dentisterie moderne, mettant l'accent sur les soins personnalisés, les techniques mini-invasives et la collaboration interdisciplinaire.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/terapia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Erupção Ectópica de Dente/terapia
3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(6): 325, 2024 May 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38762665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: With the increasing maturity of 3D printing technology, the application of digital guide template in the extraction of impacted teeth has become more sophisticated. However, for maxillary palatal deeply impacted teeth, there still exist significant clinical challenges. This experiment introduces a novel digital guide template and innovatively employs a flapless technique to explore a minimally invasive approach for the extraction of palatal deeply impacted teeth. METHODS: This experiment included 40 patients diagnosed with palatal completely impacted teeth, randomly divided into an experimental group and a control group. The experimental group used the new digital guide template for flapless extraction, while the control group employed the traditional freehand flap technique. RESULTS: The experimental group can significantly reduce the localization time of palatally impacted teeth (P < 0.001), with total surgery times of 18.15 ± 4.88 min and 22.00 ± 7.71 min for the experimental and control groups, respectively (P = 0.067). Although there were no significant statistical differences between the two groups in terms of intraoperative bleeding, adjacent tooth damage, infection, or damage to nearby important anatomical structures, the experimental group showed significant improvements in postoperative pain (P < 0.05), swelling (P < 0.001), and patient satisfaction (P < 0.001) compared to the control group. CONCLUSION: Compared to traditional freehand flap surgery, flapless extraction of palatally impacted teeth guided by digital templates significantly reduces the localization time of impacted teeth and demonstrates notable advantages in some postoperative complications. Future studies with larger sample sizes are needed to substantiate the feasibility of this technique.


Assuntos
Estudos de Viabilidade , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Satisfação do Paciente , Impressão Tridimensional , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 45(4): e1-e4, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622085

RESUMO

The presence of impacted and/or supernumerary teeth in the maxillary anterior region can cause complications when attempting to perform restorations with implants. Extracting these structures can lead to adverse issues related to the adjacent dentition and require osseous grafting to provide a base to house the planned implant, but such an approach increases treatment time and cost. In this case report, a patient presented with an impacted permanent canine oriented on the horizontal plane with several supernumerary teeth coronal to the impacted canine. CBCT analysis revealed a very thin buccal plate over the impacted supernumerary teeth. The proposed treatment followed the principles of partial extraction therapy (PET) whereby the impacted structures were treated like bone, and implants were placed in contact with them or through them to achieve the desired osseointegration and provide long-term survival of the restored implants.


Assuntos
Implantes Dentários , Dente Impactado , Dente Supranumerário , Humanos , Dente Supranumerário/complicações , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Maxila/cirurgia , Implantação Dentária Endóssea , Extração Dentária
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 456, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622566

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of endoscope-assisted fractured roots or fragments extraction within the mandibular canal, along with quantitative sensory testing (QST) alterations in the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). METHODS: Six patients with lower lip numbness following mandibular third molar extraction were selected. All patients had broken roots or fragments within the mandibular canal that were extracted under real-time endoscopic assistance. Follow-up assessments were conducted on postoperative days 1, 7, and 35, including a standardized QST of the lower lip skin. RESULTS: The average surgical duration was 32.5 min, with the IAN exposed in all cases. Two of the patient exhibited complete recovery of lower lip numbness, three experienced symptom improvement, and one patient remained unaffected 35 days after the surgery. Preoperative QST results showed that the mechanical detection and pain thresholds on the affected side were significantly higher than those on the healthy side, but improved significantly by postoperative day 7 in five patients, and returned to baseline in two patients on day 35. There were no significant differences in the remaining QST parameters. CONCLUSIONS: All endoscopic surgical procedures were successfully completed without any additional postoperative complications. There were no cases of deterioration of IAN injury, and lower lip numbness recovered in the majority of cases. Endoscopy allowed direct visualization and examination of the affected nerve, facilitating a comprehensive analysis of the IAN.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipestesia/complicações , Hipestesia/cirurgia , Canal Mandibular , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo/etiologia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Nervo Mandibular , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos
7.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 97-100, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583033

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the effect of extracting the completely impacted teeth by minimally invasive surgery with preserving the buccal bone plate. METHODS: Eighty-six cases were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups. In the experimental group, a fenestration was made with a ball drill to expose the buccal and lingual margin of crown, and the buccal bone plate was preserved. T-shaped crown cuttings were performed, minimally invasive extraction was conducted.In the control group, the distal and buccal bone plates were removed with a ball drill, the distal and buccal crowns were exposed, and T-shaped crown was cut. The other procedures were the same. The degree of swelling, restricted mouth opening and VAS pain score after operation were observed, the levels of C-reactive protein and anti-hemolytic streptoglobulin were detected by laboratory tests, and the periodontal probing depth(PD), bleeding index (BI), and clinical attachment loss(CAL) of the adjacent second molar were examined 1 month after surgery. SPSS 25.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The swelling degree of the two groups was significantly relieved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the degree of mouth opening limitation and pain (P>0.05). The level of C-reactive protein in the control group was significantly higher than that in the observation group (P<0.05). There was no significantly difference in the level of anti-hemolytic streptococcus between the 2 groups (P>0.05). One month after operation, the PD and CAL in the control group were significantly higher than those in the experimental group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in BI(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The patients who preserve the buccal bone plate by minimally invasive extraction of impacted mandibular teeth have less reaction and better wound healing.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Proteína C-Reativa , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dor
8.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 71-75, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluation the effect of modified triangular flap-secondary healing (MTF-S) on the treatment of mandibular impacted wisdom teeth with full or partial bone impaction. METHODS: A total of 207 patients with mandibular impacted wisdom teeth were selected in Shaoxing Stomatological Hospital from June 2022 to June 2023. Among them, 86 patients had completely impacted wisdom teeth (group A), and 121 patients had partially impacted wisdom teeth (group B). All patients had bilateral impacted wisdom teeth. One of the wisdom teeth was removed first and was sutured with triangular flap-primary healing (TF-P). The other wisdom tooth was removed two weeks later and was sutured with MTF-S. Patients in groups A and B were divided into two subgroups based on suture methods, with TF-P used for group A1 and B1, and MTF-S used for groups A2 and B2. Perioperative indicators, including surgical time, root loss rate, and completeness of extraction sockets were recorded; Postoperative complications of four groups, including pain, swelling, and limited mouth opening were compared. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The surgical time of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 was (17.69±3.28), (18.22±3.06), (12.37±3.72) and (12.64±4.13) minutes, respectively. The surgical time of group A1 and A2 was significantly longer than that of group B1 and B2 (P<0.05). Seven days after surgery, the VAS scores of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 were (1.17±0.34), (0.93±0.29), (0.48±0.15) and (0.76±0.21), respectively. The VAS scores of group B1 and B2 were lower than those of group A1 and A2, and group A2 was lower than group A1 and B2 was higher than group B1 group(P<0.05). On the 1st day, 3rd day, and 7th day after surgery, the swelling degree in group A1 was greater than that in group B1, and the swelling degree in group B1 was greater than that in group A2 and B2(P<0.05); while the limitation of mouth opening mouth in group A2 and B2 was lower than that in group A1 and B1, and the limitation of opening mouth in group B2 was lower than that in group A2(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with partially impacted wisdom teeth, the extraction of completely impacted wisdom teeth has a longer surgical time. For completely impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative pain, swelling and mouth opening limitations. For partially impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative swelling and mouth opening limitations, but the effect is not significant in reducing patient pain.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Coroas , Dor Pós-Operatória
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 218, 2024 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38489136

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the impact of pre- and postoperative etoricoxib administration versus only postoperative on third molar extraction sequelae and oral health quality of life. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective quasi experimental study involved 56 patients, divided into a study group receiving preemptive etoricoxib 120 mg before surgery and postoperative etoricoxib 120 mg (n = 28), and a control group receiving preemptive placebo before surgery and postoperative etoricoxib 120 mg (n = 28). Follow-up assessments were conducted at 3- and 7-days post-surgery, recording swelling, trismus, and adverse events. Patients rated perceived pain using the visual analog scale (VAS) and completed an oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) questionnaire at specified intervals. Statistical analysis employed non-parametric tests (i.e., the Mann-Whitney test, Friedman test, and Wilcoxon sign test) with P < 0.05. RESULTS: Significantly lower VAS scores were reported in the study group throughout the follow-up period (P < 0.05). Pharmacological protocol did not have a significant impact on postoperative edema and trismus (P > 0.05). However, double etoricoxib intake significantly improved postoperative quality of life on day 3 after surgery (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Pre- and postoperative etoricoxib 120 mg intake in third molar surgery reduced postoperative pain and enhanced postoperative quality of life on day 3 after surgery. Importantly, it was equally effective in managing swelling and trismus compared to exclusive postoperative intake. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Preemptive etoricoxib use may decrease patient discomfort following impacted mandibular third molar extraction.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Etoricoxib/uso terapêutico , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Trismo/prevenção & controle , Trismo/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Prospectivos , Saúde Bucal , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Edema/etiologia
10.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 371, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most severe complication that can occur after mandibular third molar (MM3) surgery is inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage. It is crucial to have a comprehensive radiographic evaluation to reduce the possibility of nerve damage. The objective of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiographs (PR) and posteroanterior (PA) radiographs in identifying the association between impacted MM3 roots and IAN. METHODS: This study included individuals who had PR, PA radiographs, and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and who had at least one impacted MM3. A total of 141 impacted MM3s were evaluated on CBCT images, and the findings were considered gold standard. The relationship between impacted MM3 roots and IAN was also evaluated on PR and PA radiographies. The data was analyzed using the McNemar and Chi-squared tests. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of PR and PA radiographies were determined. RESULTS: Considering CBCT the gold standard, the relationship between MM3 roots and IAN was found to be statistically significant between PR and CBCT (p = 0.00). However, there was no statistically significant relationship between PA radiography and CBCT (0.227). The study revealed that the most prevalent limitation of the PR in assessing the relationship between MM3 roots and IAN was the identification of false-positive relationship. CONCLUSIONS: PA radiography may be a good alternative in developing countries to find out if there is a contact between MM3 roots and IAN because it is easier to get to, cheaper, and uses less radiation.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Extração Dentária/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Nervo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541199

RESUMO

Third molar extraction is the most common procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Third molars are considered less functional than other teeth and are often extracted. Sometimes, they are also used for auto-transplantation for the benefit of oral rehabilitation. Since many biological factors are involved in this surgical approach, herein, we outline a review of the biological characteristics of medico-legal/forensic interest, in addition to presenting a successful clinical case. A scoping review of currently available research data (following the principles of PRISMA-ScR or the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) on third molar auto-transplantation was conducted by drawing upon the main databases (Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar and LILACS) to evaluate biological and clinical characteristics possibly relatable to forensic issues. All the collected data were summarized and elaborated on for the purpose of this article. A patient underwent extraction of the right upper first molar and auto-transplantation of the unerupted ipsilateral third molar. Many biologic and clinical factors are involved in the success of this clinical procedure. Knowledge of third molar anatomy, of its development and viable surgical approaches are all essential elements; just as important are the treatment of the tooth before and after transplantation and the integrity of the periodontal ligament. Follow-up of the clinical case for 5 years made it possible to verify the stability of the procedure over time. Third molar auto-transplantation is feasible and cost-effective. However, the use of third molars as donor teeth in auto-transplantation may have medico-legal implications. The lack of official protocols and consistent evidence-based guidelines for operators still prevent such a procedure from becoming mainstream; therefore, it is viewed with suspicion by clinicians and patients, even though the biological factors herein detected point to a reasonably high degree of safety. The understanding of many specific biological and clinical factors involved in the stability of third molar auto-transplantation allows for a thorough understanding of the forensic implications relevant to clinical practice. Effective communication and information provision are therefore of utmost importance, in the interest of both patients and doctors.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária , Fatores Biológicos
12.
J Clin Pediatr Dent ; 48(2): 204-208, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38548651

RESUMO

Impacted supernumerary teeth are defined as the presence of one or more teeth in a patient's upper and lower jaws in addition to the normal number of teeth in the dental arch. It has an incidence rate of approximately 1%-14% and more frequently occurs in males than females, may be single or multiple, unilateral or bilateral, erupted or impacted. In this article, we describe the case of a patient with two supernumerary teeth between the roots of the mandibular second premolar and the first molar, which influenced the effectiveness of the first orthodontic treatment. The special anatomical position of the complex supernumerary teeth made tooth extraction challenging. Given the higher risk status of surgery, we implemented a novel tooth extracting technique for this patient. Thus, in this study, we describe a case of minimally invasive extraction of bilateral mandibular impacted supernumerary teeth using a digital 3D positioning guide plate.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Dente Supranumerário , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Dente Supranumerário/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Supranumerário/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Pré-Molar
13.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 234, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of concentrated growth factor (CGF) on prevention of postoperative complications in the impacted third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 healthy patients with symmetrical bilaterally impacted third molars (50 extraction sites) were enrolled in this split-mouth, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Third molar extractions were performed in both sites of the mandible at the same appointment. Randomization was performed using a coin toss to choose the test and control sites. CGF was placed in the extraction socket and the socket was sutured (test group), while the contralateral socket was only sutured (control group). Each patient acted as their own control. The primary outcome were pain assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) and facial swelling on the1st, 3rd and 7th postoperative days. The secondary outcomes were bone healing in extraction sockets through alveolar bone height (ABH) and alveolar bone density (ABD) evaluated by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) immediately after extraction and in the 3rd and 6th months. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (12 female, 13 male; mean age 29.17) with bilateral impacted third molars participated in the study. A statistically significant reduction in pain was determined on the 3rd and 7th postoperative days in the CGF sites compared to the control sites while no statistically significant difference was found between the groups on the 1st postoperative day (3rd day, p = 0.009; 7th day, p = 0.039). There were no statistically significant differences in facial swelling and bone healing between the test and control groups at different time intervals, although the data obtained were slightly favoring the CGF group (p > 0.05). There were no serious adverse effects such as infection, alveolitis, paraesthesia, fracture through the follow-up period in all of the cases. CONCLUSION: The study has demonstrated the effect of CGF on relieving the severity of pain after the third molar extraction. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Placement of CGF in the extraction socket could relieve postoperative pain and reduce patient discomfort after the third molar extraction. CGF is recommended during the third molar extraction due to its good biological effects, low cost and simple preparation procedures. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2300077819.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Edema/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Boca , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego
14.
J Long Term Eff Med Implants ; 34(3): 65-74, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505895

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the relationship of impacted mandibular third molars with the mandibular canal on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. This cross-sectional study was conducted on CBCT scans of 137 patients with 204 impacted mandibular third molars. The relation of age, gender, class of impaction, anatomical position of canal relative to tooth (buccal, lingual, inferior, inter-radicular), tooth angulation (mesioangular, vertical, distoangular, horizontal), relationship of tooth with the mandibular canal (no contact, in contact, relation), relationship of tooth with the mandibular cortex, anatomical site of contact of tooth with the mandibular cortex (buccal, lingual, inferior), and the impression of canal (grooving, no effect) on impacted teeth were evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Class B of impaction (78.9%), inferior position of canal relative to the impacted tooth (53.9%) and mesioangular angulation (53.4%) had the highest frequency, respectively. The relationship of tooth with the mandibular canal was "relation" in most cases (53.4%) followed by no contact (26.9%) and in contact (19.6%). Significant associations were noted between depth of impaction (P < 0.001), tooth angulation (P = 0.024), anatomical position of canal relative to tooth (P < 0.001), relationship of tooth with the mandibular cortex (P = 0.032) and anatomical site of contact of tooth with the mandibular cortex (P = 0.013) with the impacted tooth-mandibular canal relationship. CBCT provides accurate information about the relationship of impacted third molars with the mandibular canal and can decrease the risk of traumatization of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) during their surgical extraction.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Canal Mandibular , Estudos Transversais , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 180, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38418796

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive has been presented as an alternative to sutures and several studies have compared them. The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of cyanoacrylate tissue adhesive on postoperative pain and swelling, following mandibular third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Database search was conducted in MEDLINE/PubMed and Scopus, along with extensive search in the grey literature, including randomized and non-randomized clinical trials that applied cyanoacrylate adhesive for closing mandibular third molar surgical sites and compared it with silk sutures, assessing postoperative pain and swelling. The search ended on September 22, 2023. RESULTS: Of 886 identified articles, six were included and meta-analyzed. Applying cyanoacrylate demonstrated a reduction in the overall postoperative pain (SMD = -0.57, 95% CI -1.00 to -0.15, p = 0.009). A similar outcome was noted when pain was evaluated on the first and last postoperative days, based on controlled clinical trials (SMD = -0.47, 95% CI -0.92 to -0.03, p = 0.04), and randomized trials (SMD = -0.97, 95% CI -1.31 to -0.62, p < 0.00001). Patients/sides received cyanoacrylate showed a decrease in postoperative swelling (SMD = -0.26, 95% CI -0.51 to -0.01, p = 0.04). Following the GRADE rating system, the quality of evidence on pain and swelling was judged as moderate and low, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The use of cyanoacrylate adhesive may offer benefit in reducing postoperative pain and swelling following mandibular third molar surgery. Nevertheless, this should be further investigated, considering the low number of included reports. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The current results could help clinicians who perform this procedure to manage postoperative pain and swelling more effectively.


Assuntos
Adesivos Teciduais , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Adesivos Teciduais/uso terapêutico , Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/métodos , Trismo/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Suturas , Edema/prevenção & controle , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Seda
16.
Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop ; 165(5): 533-545, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38340133

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: After third molars, canines are the teeth most commonly affected by displacement and impaction. Although orthodontic surgical treatment represents the standard method for realignment of canines, autotransplantation (autoTX) functions as the second-line therapy if orthodontic alignment does not succeed in treating impaction and severe displacement. This retrospective cohort study aimed to identify clinical predictors for postoperative survival and endodontic treatment needs after autoTX of severely displaced and impacted canines. METHODS: The study cohort comprised patients who received canine autoTX in a single surgical center between 2006 and 2018. Canines with severe displacement and retention were surgically treated using a standardized protocol. Statistical analysis of survival probability was performed with the Kaplan-Meier method, and bivariate data were analyzed using logistic regression and the Pearson chi-square test. Nonparametric continuous variables were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: Data from 319 patients with 378 canine grafts were available for analysis after a mean follow-up of 54.7 ± 36.5 months on the patient level (range, 0.3-181.8 months). With 25 lost autotransplants, the cumulative survival rate was 93.4%. Patient age at surgery, the state of the apical foramen, endodontic treatment need, and persistence of deciduous teeth at the implantation site had a significant negative impact on autotransplant survival (P <0.05). Endodontic treatment need was significantly related to the patient's age at surgery, the state of the apical foramen, and preoperative orthodontic traction (P <0.05). Thus, these independent variables were identified as clinical predictors for the survival of both the autotransplant and the dental pulp. Gender, ischemia time, postoperative ankylosis, or site of autoTX did not influence any of the outcome variables. CONCLUSIONS: The high survival rates of autotransplanted permanent canines make this treatment a promising option, especially in patients with severe tooth displacement, in which orthodontic treatment alone cannot provide predictable alignment, irrespective of the patient's age. Interpreting age and preoperative orthodontic traction as delaying the onset of autoTX and state of apex, time-dependent aspects seem to be of great importance for postoperative complications leading to endodontic treatment or graft loss. Therefore, early implementation of autoTX as a treatment modality for impacted, severely displaced, and vain exposed canines in daily surgical practice should be encouraged.


Assuntos
Dente Canino , Dente Impactado , Transplante Autólogo , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente Canino/transplante , Masculino , Feminino , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Coortes
17.
J Craniomaxillofac Surg ; 52(3): 279-282, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38320919

RESUMO

This retrospective analysis aimed to investigate the necessity of removing the wisdom tooth in cases of angle fractures of the mandible. The study retrieved 595 mandible fractures from January 2006 to December 2021 through the Hospital Inpatient Enquiry System, of which 303 involved a fracture through the angle of the mandible, including the wisdom tooth socket. Of these, 203 (66.9%) underwent open reduction and internal fixation with retention of the third molar. The authors found that only four (2%) patients returned for the removal of plates and the retained third molar during the follow-up period. Therefore, the authors concluded that wisdom teeth removal should remain an exception during open reduction and internal fixation of mandibular angle fractures unless they hinder fracture reduction, pose a potential infection risk, or interfere with occlusal stability.


Assuntos
Fraturas Mandibulares , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Fraturas Mandibulares/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado/cirurgia
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 254, 2024 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38378499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Forced eruption of an impacted tooth usually requires surgical and orthodontic interventions to successfully bring the tooth into the dental arch. The clinical time required for a forced eruption is difficult to predict before treatment begins and success rates are affected by several factors before and after an eruption. This study was conducted to identify factors that affect the success of forced eruption, the duration of orthodontic treatment of impacted teeth, and the reasons for re-operation and forced eruption failure in a various teeth and cases. METHODS: In this retrospective study, the records regarding the forced eruption of 468 teeth in 371 patients from June 2006 to May 2020 at the Advanced General Dentistry Department of Yonsei University Dental Hospital were initially examined. The records of 214 teeth in 178 patients who completed orthodontic treatment were included in the analysis. Data on patient demographics, tooth characteristics, orthodontic treatment duration, re-operations, and failures were collected from electronic medical records. RESULTS: There was a significant difference in age between the success and failure forced eruption. Factors significantly affecting treatment duration were apex formation, position, rotation, and re-operation. Re-operation had a 96% success rate. The average orthodontic treatment duration was 29.99 ± 16.93 months, but the average orthodontic treatment duration for teeth that undergone re-operation was 20.36 ± 11.05 months, which was approximately 9 months shorter. Additionally, there was an interaction effect between rotation and re-operation on the duration of orthodontic treatment. The causes for failure of forced eruption in 6 cases were ankyloses (3 cases), incomplete alignment with the normal dental arch (2 cases), and a significant deviation in the impacted tooth's location (1 case). CONCLUSIONS: To increase the success rate of forced eruption, age should be considered as a priority, and in order to predict the treatment period, the apex formation status, position in the arch, and rotation should be considered in addition to age. When determining re-operation, considering factors such as ankylosis, root curvature, and apex formation can help in the success of orthodontic treatment.


Assuntos
Anquilose Dental , Dente Impactado , Dente não Erupcionado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Extrusão Ortodôntica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dente não Erupcionado/terapia , Erupção Dentária
19.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 82(5): 581-589, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38412975

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain and swelling following third molar (M3) removal can be debilitating, and there is interest in using advanced platelet-rich fibrin (A-PRF) to reduce their severity. PURPOSE: This study compared postoperative pain and swelling between A-PRF and gelatin dressing in extraction sockets following mandibular M3 removal. METHODS, SETTING, SAMPLE: This split-mouth, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial was completed at the Oral Surgery clinic of University of Otago between November 2020 and July 2021. Patients aged between 16 and 40 years with bilaterally impacted mandibular M3 of similar Pederson index difficulty and deemed to be American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I or II comprised the study sample. PREDICTOR/EXPOSURE/INDEPENDENT VARIABLE: The exposure variable was M3 socket management. One socket received A-PRF and 1 gelatin dressing, while the other received 2 gelatin dressings. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLE(S): The outcome variables were postoperative pain and swelling over 7 days. Pain was measured using the visual analog scale (VAS), and swelling using stereophotogrammetry. COVARIATES: Demographic characteristics (gender, ethnicity, and age), dental anxiety, smoking status, Pederson index, and intraoperative surgical time were the covariates. ANALYSES: The two sides were compared using cross-tabulations and the McNemar test for categorical and paired t-tests for continuous variables. Statistical analysis used IBM SPSS Statistics for Windows (version 28).The Alpha level was 0.05. RESULTS: 76 (87.3%) of 87 patients who met the eligibility criteria participated in the study, and 70 patients (65.7% female; age range 16-30 years) were included in the analysis. Mean visual analog scale scores showed no statistically significant difference between the A-PRF and control sides, being 29.6 (95% CI 23.9, 35.3) and 29.5 (95% CI 23.5, 35.5) on day 2, and falling to 12.6 (95% CI 8.7, 16.5) and 14.2 (95% CI 10.0, 18.4) by day 7. Likewise, mean peak facial swelling on day 2 was recorded as 6.3 cm3 (95% CI 4.9, 7.7) and 6.6 cm3 (95% CI 5.5, 7.7), and by day 7 they were 1.1 cm3 (95% CI 0.5, 1.7) and 1.0 cm3 (95% CI 0.3, 0.7) on the A-PRF and control sides, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: A-PRF placement in M3 sockets did not reduce postoperative pain and swelling over gelatin dressing alone.


Assuntos
Edema , Dente Serotino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Extração Dentária , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Edema/etiologia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Bandagens , Gelatina/uso terapêutico
20.
J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 82(5): 572-580, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38387857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The removal of the lower third molar is a routine procedure in oral surgery, yet it often leads to postoperative side effects, particularly inflammation. Despite various interventions explored in prior studies, there is still a need for effective strategies, such as anti-inflammatory substances, to address postoperative side effects. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to answer the following clinical question: Does the local injection of 0.9 M mannitol reduce postoperative pain, trismus, and swelling in patients undergoing bilateral symmetrically impacted mandibular third molar extraction? STUDY DESIGN, SETTING, SAMPLE: This prospective, single-blind, split-mouth study at Hamadan Dental School involved 30 patients with bilateral symmetrically impacted mandibular third molars. Inclusion criteria were: no current medication, no anesthesia allergies, bilateral symmetrically impacted mandibular third molars, non-smokers, and the absence of systemic diseases. Exclusion criteria were: poor oral hygiene, alcohol/cigarette use, drug consumption, diabetes, systemic/gastrointestinal disorders, infection at the surgical site, lack of patient cooperation, and mannitol/anesthetic allergy. PREDICTOR/EXPOSURE/INDEPENDENT VARIABLE: The predictor variable was therapeutic injection, and it was grouped into two categories, 0.9 M mannitol solution or distilled water. MAIN OUTCOME VARIABLE: The primary outcome variable was pain. Secondary outcomes are trismus, swelling, patient satisfaction, and analgesic consumption. COVARIATES: Covariates included demographic information and operative details. ANALYSES: Statistical analyses included repeated measures and paired t-tests with a significance level set at P < .05. RESULTS: The study comprised 30 participants (mean age: 22.6 ± 3.59 years; 6 men, 24 women). In the test group, pain intensity significantly decreased from 5.30 on surgery day to 0.00, with subsequent values of 2.97, 1.30, 0.40, 0.17, and 0.03. The control group also decreased from 7.68 to 0.00, with values of 4.73, 2.67, 0.97, 0.23, and 0.07. The difference was statistically significant (P < .001). No significant swelling differences at T1, T3, T5, and T7 (P > .05). The intervention group had improved maximum mouth opening at T1, T3, T5, and T7 (P = .011) compared to the control group. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: Mannitol infiltration significantly reduces postoperative pain and trismus in impacted third molar surgery. This finding underscores the potential for improved patient comfort and recovery in this context.


Assuntos
Manitol , Dente Serotino , Dor Pós-Operatória , Extração Dentária , Dente Impactado , Trismo , Humanos , Trismo/prevenção & controle , Trismo/etiologia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Manitol/uso terapêutico , Manitol/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Método Simples-Cego , Adulto Jovem , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Adolescente
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