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2.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(6): 304, 2024 May 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38717697

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of pregabalin and dexamethasone coadministration in preemptive analgesia and anxiety control in lower third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A triple-blind, split-mouth clinical trial conducted with patients divided into two groups: control group, receiving placebo and dexamethasone, and test group, receiving pregabalin and dexamethasone preoperatively. The evaluated variables were pain, measured by the Visual Analog Scale (VAS), anxiety assessed through the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) questionnaires, hemodynamic parameters [Blood Pressure (BP), Heart Rate (HR), Oxygen Saturation (SpO2)], and sedation assessed by the Ramsay scale. RESULTS: A total of 31 patients were included. The test group exhibited a significant reduction in pain at 2,4,6,8,12,16,24, and 48 h after surgery and in the consumption of rescue analgesics. Anxiety, evaluated by STAI and VAS, showed a significant decrease in the test group (p < 0.001). Additionally, there was a significant decrease in BP at most of the assessed time points (p < 0.05) and a significant reduction in HR at two different time intervals (p = 0.003 and p = 0.009), indicating a positive effect in the test group. There was no significant difference in SpO2 between the groups. Sedation assessment revealed a significant difference at all time points favoring the test group (p < 0.05). There were no significant postoperative adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: Pregabalin coadministered with dexamethasone demonstrated significant efficacy in controlling postoperative pain and anxiety, as well as a sedative effect. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The coadministration of pregabalin with dexamethasone may presents potential advantages in both pain modulation and psychological well-being of individuals undergoing third molar surgeries. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Brazilian Clinical Trials Registry (REBEC), No. RBR-378h6t6.


Assuntos
Analgésicos , Dexametasona , Quimioterapia Combinada , Dente Serotino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Pregabalina , Extração Dentária , Humanos , Pregabalina/uso terapêutico , Dexametasona/administração & dosagem , Dexametasona/uso terapêutico , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Masculino , Feminino , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/prevenção & controle , Resultado do Tratamento , Inquéritos e Questionários , Manejo da Dor/métodos
3.
PLoS One ; 19(5): e0302581, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38696507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We will perform the systematic review to evaluate the effect of applying concentrated growth factor (CGF) on relieving postoperative complications and promoting wound healing following mandibular third molar extraction. METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Database, China Biology Medicine Disc (CBM), and VIP Databases will be comprehensively searched up to May 31, 2024. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the application of CGF after mandibular third molar extraction will be included. The protocol was registered in PROSPERO, and the registration ID was CRD42023463234. Two reviewers will conduct the literature search, eligible study selection, data extraction, and bias risk assessment (using the Cochrane Risk of Bias 2.0 tool). Data analysis will be performed with RevMan software (version 5.4). RESULTS: The results of this study will be available in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: Our study will provide scientific evidence regarding the efficacy of applying CGF in mandibular third molar extraction.


Assuntos
Metanálise como Assunto , Dente Serotino , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Extração Dentária , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/métodos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/administração & dosagem , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 52(2): 153-160, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aim: To evaluate the state of the gingival stromal elements in the portion of the third molars requiring extraction of these teeth due to orthodontic indications considering the stage of tooth germ formation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: The surgery to extract third molars due to orthodontic indications was performed on 95 children aged 11 to 18 years. The three groups of observation were isolated according to clinical-radiological signs: І (n=30) - children aged 11-13 years; ІІ (n=35) - children aged 13-16 years, and ІІІ (n=30) - children aged 16-18 years. During surgery, the samples of gums were taken from the adjacent areas for examination. The samples were fixed, dehydrated, paraffinized for further histological processing. Immunohistochemical methods were used according to the protocols supplied by a producer. In particular, by means of immunohistochemical method, Ki-67, CD-34 antigens and vimentin with primary antibodies against them were determined. The primary antibodies were visualized by the polymeric visualization system with diaminobenzidine giving a brown color to the places of location of the antigens examined. The data obtained were statistically processed. RESULTS: Results: The results of the study showed that specific gravity of the vascular bed in the gingival papillary layer of children was the most variable. It ranges from (12,7±0,09) % at the stage of "D" root formation to (54,8±0,17) % at the "H" stage. Lower concentrations of CD-34 antigens and vimentin are found in the endotheliocytes of children aged 13-16 and 16-18 years, compared to the children aged 11-13 years (p<0,05). No changes were found in the specific volume of the blood vessels, CD-34 antigens and vimentin in the reticular gingival layer of children from the groups of observation. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Therefore, the conducted histological and immunohistochemical study of the connective gingival tissues in the portion of the third molars in children enables to draw a conclusion that in the process of formation of the root of this tooth a number of changes occur in the gingival stroma. They include an increase of the blood flow volume in the papillary gingival layer on the background of a decreased concentration of CD-34 genes and vimentin, a longer stage of development of the third molar root. The specific volume of the islets of neoangiogenesis of the papillary gingival layer is the largest in children aged 13-16 years.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Criança , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Vimentina
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8828, 2024 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38632471

RESUMO

The aim of this split-mouth randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical outcomes (operative time, edema, trismus, and pain), the immediate histological effects, the alveolar repair (2 and 4 months), and the quality of life after the extraction of impacted third molars using high-speed pneumatic and electrical rotation. Sixteen patients underwent extraction of the two mandibular third molars with a minimum interval of 15 days. On one side of the participant's mouth, high-speed pneumatic rotation was used (Control Group-CG) while for the other side, high-speed electrical rotation was used (Study Group-SG). Statistical analysis included ANOVA repeated measures and Pearson correlations. SG group showed: shorter operative time (p = 0.019), less pain (p = 0.034), swelling (p < 0.001) and trismus (p = 0.025) on the 1st postoperative day; less pain (p = 0.034) and trismus (p = 0.010) on the 3rd postoperative day; less trismus (p = 0.032) on the 7th postoperative day; and better quality of life (p = 0.007). No differences were observed for peripheral bone damage or bone density of alveolar repair at 2 and 4 months between groups. Electric high-speed rotation provided better postoperative clinical parameters of pain, edema and trismus when compared with pneumatic high-speed rotation for mandibular third molar surgery.Trial registration: Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials registration number RBR-4xyqhqm ( https://ensaiosclinicos.gov.br/rg/RBR-4xyqhqm ).


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Trismo , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Rotação , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Dor Pós-Operatória , Extração Dentária , Boca , Edema
7.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 456, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622566

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of endoscope-assisted fractured roots or fragments extraction within the mandibular canal, along with quantitative sensory testing (QST) alterations in the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN). METHODS: Six patients with lower lip numbness following mandibular third molar extraction were selected. All patients had broken roots or fragments within the mandibular canal that were extracted under real-time endoscopic assistance. Follow-up assessments were conducted on postoperative days 1, 7, and 35, including a standardized QST of the lower lip skin. RESULTS: The average surgical duration was 32.5 min, with the IAN exposed in all cases. Two of the patient exhibited complete recovery of lower lip numbness, three experienced symptom improvement, and one patient remained unaffected 35 days after the surgery. Preoperative QST results showed that the mechanical detection and pain thresholds on the affected side were significantly higher than those on the healthy side, but improved significantly by postoperative day 7 in five patients, and returned to baseline in two patients on day 35. There were no significant differences in the remaining QST parameters. CONCLUSIONS: All endoscopic surgical procedures were successfully completed without any additional postoperative complications. There were no cases of deterioration of IAN injury, and lower lip numbness recovered in the majority of cases. Endoscopy allowed direct visualization and examination of the affected nerve, facilitating a comprehensive analysis of the IAN.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hipestesia/complicações , Hipestesia/cirurgia , Canal Mandibular , Traumatismos do Nervo Trigêmeo/etiologia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Nervo Mandibular , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 241, 2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38573395

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of L-PRF as a healing agent in the postoperative period of third molar extraction surgeries, as well as to investigate secondary effects, such as the reduction of pain, edema and other discomforts after the surgical intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The methodology adopted consisted of carrying out a systematic review of the literature, following the model outlined by the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). The inclusion criteria were previously established according to a systematic review protocol approved by the Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO) under number CRD42023484679. In order to carry out a comprehensive search, a search in five databases was carried out, PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Embase. RESULTS: The search resulted in the selection of randomized controlled trials that conformed to the established criteria. Two authors independently screened the records and extracted the data. The assessment of bias was conducted according to the guidelines recommended by the Cochrane Collaboration, using version 2 of the Cochrane tool for assessing the risk of bias in randomized trials (RoB 2). CONCLUSION: This study demonstrated that L-PRF stands out by providing direct benefits to healing, vascularization and tissue regeneration. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: L-PRF plays an important role in reducing postoperative pain, edema, the incidence of alveolar osteitis and infections after third molar removal surgery, compared to patients who did not undergo the use of L-PRF.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Fibrina Rica em Plaquetas , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Período Pós-Operatório , Fibrina , Leucócitos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Edema/prevenção & controle
9.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 97-100, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583033

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To explore the effect of extracting the completely impacted teeth by minimally invasive surgery with preserving the buccal bone plate. METHODS: Eighty-six cases were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups. In the experimental group, a fenestration was made with a ball drill to expose the buccal and lingual margin of crown, and the buccal bone plate was preserved. T-shaped crown cuttings were performed, minimally invasive extraction was conducted.In the control group, the distal and buccal bone plates were removed with a ball drill, the distal and buccal crowns were exposed, and T-shaped crown was cut. The other procedures were the same. The degree of swelling, restricted mouth opening and VAS pain score after operation were observed, the levels of C-reactive protein and anti-hemolytic streptoglobulin were detected by laboratory tests, and the periodontal probing depth(PD), bleeding index (BI), and clinical attachment loss(CAL) of the adjacent second molar were examined 1 month after surgery. SPSS 25.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: The swelling degree of the two groups was significantly relieved in the experimental group than in the control group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in the degree of mouth opening limitation and pain (P>0.05). The level of C-reactive protein in the control group was significantly higher than that in the observation group (P<0.05). There was no significantly difference in the level of anti-hemolytic streptococcus between the 2 groups (P>0.05). One month after operation, the PD and CAL in the control group were significantly higher than those in the experimental group(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in BI(P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The patients who preserve the buccal bone plate by minimally invasive extraction of impacted mandibular teeth have less reaction and better wound healing.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Placas Ósseas , Proteína C-Reativa , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Mandíbula/cirurgia , Dor
10.
Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue ; 33(1): 71-75, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38583028

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluation the effect of modified triangular flap-secondary healing (MTF-S) on the treatment of mandibular impacted wisdom teeth with full or partial bone impaction. METHODS: A total of 207 patients with mandibular impacted wisdom teeth were selected in Shaoxing Stomatological Hospital from June 2022 to June 2023. Among them, 86 patients had completely impacted wisdom teeth (group A), and 121 patients had partially impacted wisdom teeth (group B). All patients had bilateral impacted wisdom teeth. One of the wisdom teeth was removed first and was sutured with triangular flap-primary healing (TF-P). The other wisdom tooth was removed two weeks later and was sutured with MTF-S. Patients in groups A and B were divided into two subgroups based on suture methods, with TF-P used for group A1 and B1, and MTF-S used for groups A2 and B2. Perioperative indicators, including surgical time, root loss rate, and completeness of extraction sockets were recorded; Postoperative complications of four groups, including pain, swelling, and limited mouth opening were compared. SPSS 22.0 software package was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The surgical time of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 was (17.69±3.28), (18.22±3.06), (12.37±3.72) and (12.64±4.13) minutes, respectively. The surgical time of group A1 and A2 was significantly longer than that of group B1 and B2 (P<0.05). Seven days after surgery, the VAS scores of group A1, A2, B1 and B2 were (1.17±0.34), (0.93±0.29), (0.48±0.15) and (0.76±0.21), respectively. The VAS scores of group B1 and B2 were lower than those of group A1 and A2, and group A2 was lower than group A1 and B2 was higher than group B1 group(P<0.05). On the 1st day, 3rd day, and 7th day after surgery, the swelling degree in group A1 was greater than that in group B1, and the swelling degree in group B1 was greater than that in group A2 and B2(P<0.05); while the limitation of mouth opening mouth in group A2 and B2 was lower than that in group A1 and B1, and the limitation of opening mouth in group B2 was lower than that in group A2(P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with partially impacted wisdom teeth, the extraction of completely impacted wisdom teeth has a longer surgical time. For completely impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative pain, swelling and mouth opening limitations. For partially impacted wisdom teeth, MTF-S is beneficial for reducing postoperative swelling and mouth opening limitations, but the effect is not significant in reducing patient pain.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Molar , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Coroas , Dor Pós-Operatória
11.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 371, 2024 Mar 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38519914

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The most severe complication that can occur after mandibular third molar (MM3) surgery is inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) damage. It is crucial to have a comprehensive radiographic evaluation to reduce the possibility of nerve damage. The objective of this study is to assess the diagnostic accuracy of panoramic radiographs (PR) and posteroanterior (PA) radiographs in identifying the association between impacted MM3 roots and IAN. METHODS: This study included individuals who had PR, PA radiographs, and cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and who had at least one impacted MM3. A total of 141 impacted MM3s were evaluated on CBCT images, and the findings were considered gold standard. The relationship between impacted MM3 roots and IAN was also evaluated on PR and PA radiographies. The data was analyzed using the McNemar and Chi-squared tests. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and diagnostic accuracy of PR and PA radiographies were determined. RESULTS: Considering CBCT the gold standard, the relationship between MM3 roots and IAN was found to be statistically significant between PR and CBCT (p = 0.00). However, there was no statistically significant relationship between PA radiography and CBCT (0.227). The study revealed that the most prevalent limitation of the PR in assessing the relationship between MM3 roots and IAN was the identification of false-positive relationship. CONCLUSIONS: PA radiography may be a good alternative in developing countries to find out if there is a contact between MM3 roots and IAN because it is easier to get to, cheaper, and uses less radiation.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Projetos Piloto , Extração Dentária/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos , Nervo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Radiografia Panorâmica/métodos , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7124, 2024 03 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38531928

RESUMO

This study evaluates the effects of a green tea (Camellia sinensis) and hyaluronic acid gel on fibroblast activity and alveolar bone repair following third molar extractions. By examining the gene expression related to cell survival, proliferation, and angiogenesis, the study bridges in vitro findings with clinical outcomes in a split-mouth randomized trial. Human fibroblasts were exposed to the treatment gel, analysing gene expression through RT-qPCR. Twenty participants undergoing bilateral third molar extractions received the test gel on one side and a placebo on the other. Assessments included patient-reported outcomes, professional evaluations, and radiographic analyses at multiple postoperative intervals. The test gel significantly enhanced AKT, CDKs, and VEGF gene expressions, indicating a positive effect on angiogenesis and cell proliferation. Clinically, it resulted in reduced exudate, swelling, and secondary interventions, with radiographs showing improved alveolar bone density after 90 days. The green tea and hyaluronic acid gel significantly improves soft tissue and bone healing post-extraction, offering a promising adjunctive therapy for enhancing postoperative recovery. This gel represents a novel adjuvant treatment option for facilitating improved healing outcomes after third molar extractions, highlighting its potential utility in clinical dental practice.


Assuntos
Camellia sinensis , Ácido Hialurônico , Humanos , Chá , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária/métodos
13.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(3)2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541199

RESUMO

Third molar extraction is the most common procedure in oral and maxillofacial surgery. Third molars are considered less functional than other teeth and are often extracted. Sometimes, they are also used for auto-transplantation for the benefit of oral rehabilitation. Since many biological factors are involved in this surgical approach, herein, we outline a review of the biological characteristics of medico-legal/forensic interest, in addition to presenting a successful clinical case. A scoping review of currently available research data (following the principles of PRISMA-ScR or the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews) on third molar auto-transplantation was conducted by drawing upon the main databases (Scopus, PubMed, Google Scholar and LILACS) to evaluate biological and clinical characteristics possibly relatable to forensic issues. All the collected data were summarized and elaborated on for the purpose of this article. A patient underwent extraction of the right upper first molar and auto-transplantation of the unerupted ipsilateral third molar. Many biologic and clinical factors are involved in the success of this clinical procedure. Knowledge of third molar anatomy, of its development and viable surgical approaches are all essential elements; just as important are the treatment of the tooth before and after transplantation and the integrity of the periodontal ligament. Follow-up of the clinical case for 5 years made it possible to verify the stability of the procedure over time. Third molar auto-transplantation is feasible and cost-effective. However, the use of third molars as donor teeth in auto-transplantation may have medico-legal implications. The lack of official protocols and consistent evidence-based guidelines for operators still prevent such a procedure from becoming mainstream; therefore, it is viewed with suspicion by clinicians and patients, even though the biological factors herein detected point to a reasonably high degree of safety. The understanding of many specific biological and clinical factors involved in the stability of third molar auto-transplantation allows for a thorough understanding of the forensic implications relevant to clinical practice. Effective communication and information provision are therefore of utmost importance, in the interest of both patients and doctors.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Extração Dentária , Fatores Biológicos
14.
Nutrients ; 16(6)2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38542694

RESUMO

A three-arm, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical study was conducted to assess the impact of lyophilized pineapple extract with titrated bromelain (Brome-Inf®) and purified bromelain on pain, swelling, trismus, and quality of life (QoL) following the surgical extraction of the mandibular third molars. Furthermore, this study examined the need for Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) by comparing their effects with a placebo group. This study enrolled 42 individuals requiring the extraction of a single mandibular third molar under local anesthesia. The patients were randomly assigned to receive Brome-Inf®, purified bromelain, or a placebo orally, initiating treatment on the day of surgery and continuing for the next 7 days. The primary outcome measured was the requirement for NSAIDs in the three groups. Pain, swelling, and trismus were secondary outcome variables, evaluated postoperatively at 1, 3, and 7 days. This study also assessed the comparative efficacy of freeze-dried pineapple extract and single-component bromelain. Ultimately, the placebo group showed a statistically higher need for ibuprofen (from days 1 to 7) at the study's conclusion (p < 0.0001). In addition, reductions in pain and swelling were significantly higher in both the bromelain and pineapple groups (p < 0.0001 for almost all patients, at all intervals) than in the placebo group. The active groups also demonstrated a significant difference in QoL compared to the placebo group (p < 0.001). A non-significant reduction in trismus occurred in the treatment groups compared to the placebo group. Therefore, the administration of pineapple extract titrated in bromelain showed significant analgesic and anti-edema effects in addition to improving QoL in the postoperative period for patients who had undergone mandibular third molar surgery. Moreover, both bromelain and Brome-Inf® supplementation reduced the need for ibuprofen to comparable extents, proving that they are good alternatives to NSAIDs in making the postoperative course more comfortable for these patients. A further investigation with larger samples is necessary to assess the pain-relieving and anti-inflammatory impacts of the entire pineapple phytocomplex in surgical procedures aside from mandibular third molar surgery.


Assuntos
Ananas , Ibuprofeno , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Bromelaínas/uso terapêutico , Trismo/tratamento farmacológico , Trismo/etiologia , Trismo/prevenção & controle , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Edema/tratamento farmacológico , Edema/etiologia , Edema/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos
15.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(3): 203, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38453808

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to compare the parameters of pain, oedema, temperature, and soft tissue closure in dental sockets that received two different photobiomodulation (PBM) protocols following extractions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one participants had their teeth 38 and 48 extracted. Subsequently, one of the dental sockets received PBM at a wavelength (WL) of 808 nanometers (808 group- nm) and the other dental socket received the PBM at WLs of 808 nm and 660 nm, simultaneously (808 + 660 group). The PBM was applied immediately after the surgical procedure and on the 3rd and 7th days. RESULTS: The mean of Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) values for pain were 1.45 for the 3rd day and 0.52 for the 7th day in the 808 + 660 and 808 group, respectively. The mean the pogonion-tragus measurement, used to assess facial oedema on the 3rd day, was 15.38 cm (range 13.5-17.5) in the 808 + 660 group and 15.48 cm (range 14.0-17.5) in the 808 group. The mean facial temperatures in the 808 + 660 group were 34.9 degrees Celsius (ºC) (range 33.5-36.4) on the 3rd day and 35 ºC (range 33.4-36.4) on the 7th day. In the 808 group, the mean temperatures were 34.9 ºC (range 33.9-36.2) on the 3rd day and 34.9 ºC (33.7-36.2) on the 7th day. Regarding the dimensions of the dental socket, the mean were similar for both groups. Significant differences between the groups were only observed in the pain parameter and only on the 7th day, being greater for the 808 + 660 group (p = 0.031). CONCLUSIONS: The association of the 660 nm with 808 nm, and the increase in energy did not showed more benefits in pain reduction oedema, or acceleration of the closure of the soft tissues of the dental sockets of lower third molars, in the protocols used here. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: There is no need to combine lasers at wavelengths of 660 and 808 nm to reduce oedema, pain and repair of soft tissues after extraction of lower third molars. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: This trial was registered in the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials (ReBEC) with the following code: RBR-66pyrh8, on 29th December, 2022.


Assuntos
Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade , Dente Serotino , Humanos , Edema , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Extração Dentária
16.
J Evid Based Dent Pract ; 24(1): 101957, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of preemptive ibuprofen, local ketamine, and their combination in managing postoperative pain and trismus following third molar surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred patients were randomly divided into 4 groups. The Intrafen Group had their impacted third molars surgically removed under local anesthesia after receiving intravenous (IV) ibuprofen for preemptive effect. The Ketamine Group received an IV placebo before the surgery, and the extraction process was completed with a local anesthetic-ketamine combination. The Combined Group received preemptive IV ibuprofen before the procedure, and the surgery was performed with a local anesthetic-ketamine combination. The Control Group received an IV placebo before the procedure and then had their impacted third molars removed under local anesthesia. The Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) values, corresponding to the patients' pain levels at the 2nd and 12th postoperative hours and the total amount of analgesic dose used in the first 24 hours, were recorded, and evaluated. The maximum mouth opening of the patients was measured immediately before the procedure, and on the second and seventh postoperative days. The level of patient satisfaction in all groups was assessed during the procedure. RESULTS: The mean VAS value corresponding to the second-hour pain level of the combined group was statistically significantly lower than the other groups (P = .003). A statistically significant difference was found in the mean VAS values corresponding to the pain levels of the groups, favoring the combined group compared to the other groups (P ≤ .001). A significant difference was observed between the VAS difference values corresponding to the pain levels of the Intrafen group and the Ketamine group, favoring the Intrafen group (P = .038). The Ketamine group consumed the most analgesic on average over the first 24 hours, whereas the Combined group consumed the least. No statistically significant difference was found between the mean trismus levels of the groups on days 0-2 (P = .528) and days 0-7 (P = .129). The intraoperative patient satisfaction level of the combined group was significantly higher than that of the other groups (P = .030). CONCLUSION: Preemptive Intrafen is an effective regimen for postoperative pain management and is superior to the local anesthetic-ketamine regimen. The most effective method to reduce postoperative pain following third molar surgery is to use a combination of these 2 regimens. However, none of the treatment methods used in the study had a positive effect on postoperative trismus.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Ketamina , Humanos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anestésicos Locais , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Trismo/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego
17.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 231, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of complementary and alternative treatments on postoperative pain following lower third molar surgeries. METHODS: A comprehensive search of Electronic databases (Embase, MEDLINE via PubMed, and Cochrane Library) and grey literature was conducted up until May 2022. Randomized clinical trials investigating the effect of acupuncture, ozone therapy, laser (LLLT), drainage tube, kinesio-taping, ice therapy, and compressions on pain after LTM surgeries were included. The estimated mean differences (MD) for alternative therapies were pooled using the frequentist approach to random-model network meta-analysis NMA. RESULTS: Eighty-two papers were included in the qualitative analysis; 33 of them were included in the quantitative analyzes. NMA revealed that drainage tube and kinesio-taping were superior in controlling pain 24-hours postoperatively than no-treatment. At 48-hours follow-up, kinesio-taping and LLLT more effective than placebo and drainage tube; and kinesio-taping and LLLT were superior to no treatment. At 72 h postoperatively, ozone therapy was superior to placebo; and drainage tube, kinesio-taping, and LLLT were better than no treatment. At 7-days follow-up, ozone and LLLT were superior to placebo; and LLLT and kinesio-taping were superior to no treatment. The SUCRA-ranking placed drainage tube as top-ranking intervention at 48-hours (98.2%) and 72-hours (96%) follow-ups, and ozone (83.5%) at 7-days follow-up. CONCLUSION: The study findings suggest that these alternative and complementary therapies may be useful in reducing postoperative pain after LTM surgeries, and may offer advantages when combined to traditional pain management methods. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Non-pharmacological therapies are gaining popularity among healthcare professionals and patients. This study found that some of these therapies, specifically kinesio-taping and drainage tube were effective in controlling postoperative pain after third molar surgeries. These findings have important implications for clinical practice, as they highlight the potential benefits of incorporating these therapies into postoperative pain management plans.


Assuntos
Terapias Complementares , Ozônio , Humanos , Manejo da Dor , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Metanálise em Rede , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Ozônio/uso terapêutico
18.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(4): 234, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556559

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effect of concentrated growth factor (CGF) on prevention of postoperative complications in the impacted third molar extraction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 25 healthy patients with symmetrical bilaterally impacted third molars (50 extraction sites) were enrolled in this split-mouth, randomized, double-blind clinical trial. Third molar extractions were performed in both sites of the mandible at the same appointment. Randomization was performed using a coin toss to choose the test and control sites. CGF was placed in the extraction socket and the socket was sutured (test group), while the contralateral socket was only sutured (control group). Each patient acted as their own control. The primary outcome were pain assessed by visual analog scale (VAS) and facial swelling on the1st, 3rd and 7th postoperative days. The secondary outcomes were bone healing in extraction sockets through alveolar bone height (ABH) and alveolar bone density (ABD) evaluated by cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) immediately after extraction and in the 3rd and 6th months. RESULTS: Twenty-five patients (12 female, 13 male; mean age 29.17) with bilateral impacted third molars participated in the study. A statistically significant reduction in pain was determined on the 3rd and 7th postoperative days in the CGF sites compared to the control sites while no statistically significant difference was found between the groups on the 1st postoperative day (3rd day, p = 0.009; 7th day, p = 0.039). There were no statistically significant differences in facial swelling and bone healing between the test and control groups at different time intervals, although the data obtained were slightly favoring the CGF group (p > 0.05). There were no serious adverse effects such as infection, alveolitis, paraesthesia, fracture through the follow-up period in all of the cases. CONCLUSION: The study has demonstrated the effect of CGF on relieving the severity of pain after the third molar extraction. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Placement of CGF in the extraction socket could relieve postoperative pain and reduce patient discomfort after the third molar extraction. CGF is recommended during the third molar extraction due to its good biological effects, low cost and simple preparation procedures. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2300077819.


Assuntos
Dente Serotino , Dente Impactado , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Edema/prevenção & controle , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Boca , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Extração Dentária/métodos , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Método Duplo-Cego
19.
J Long Term Eff Med Implants ; 34(3): 65-74, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38505895

RESUMO

This study aimed to assess the relationship of impacted mandibular third molars with the mandibular canal on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. This cross-sectional study was conducted on CBCT scans of 137 patients with 204 impacted mandibular third molars. The relation of age, gender, class of impaction, anatomical position of canal relative to tooth (buccal, lingual, inferior, inter-radicular), tooth angulation (mesioangular, vertical, distoangular, horizontal), relationship of tooth with the mandibular canal (no contact, in contact, relation), relationship of tooth with the mandibular cortex, anatomical site of contact of tooth with the mandibular cortex (buccal, lingual, inferior), and the impression of canal (grooving, no effect) on impacted teeth were evaluated. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA, Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test. Class B of impaction (78.9%), inferior position of canal relative to the impacted tooth (53.9%) and mesioangular angulation (53.4%) had the highest frequency, respectively. The relationship of tooth with the mandibular canal was "relation" in most cases (53.4%) followed by no contact (26.9%) and in contact (19.6%). Significant associations were noted between depth of impaction (P < 0.001), tooth angulation (P = 0.024), anatomical position of canal relative to tooth (P < 0.001), relationship of tooth with the mandibular cortex (P = 0.032) and anatomical site of contact of tooth with the mandibular cortex (P = 0.013) with the impacted tooth-mandibular canal relationship. CBCT provides accurate information about the relationship of impacted third molars with the mandibular canal and can decrease the risk of traumatization of inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) during their surgical extraction.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Dente Impactado , Humanos , Dente Impactado/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Impactado/cirurgia , Dente Serotino/diagnóstico por imagem , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Canal Mandibular , Estudos Transversais , Mandíbula/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico/métodos
20.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 59(3): 230-236, 2024 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432654

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the impact of preemptive analgesia with ibuprofen on postoperative pain following the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars in a Chinese population, aiming to provide a clinical reference for its application. Methods: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled parallel-group trial was conducted from April 2022 to October 2023 at the Capital Medical University School of Stomatology (40 cases), Beijing TianTan Hospital, Capital Medical University (22 cases), and Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University (20 cases). It included 82 patients with impacted mandibular third molars, with 41 in the ibuprofen group and 41 in the control group. Participants in the ibuprofen group received 300 mg of sustained-release ibuprofen capsules orally 15 min before surgery, while the control group received a placebo. Both groups were instructed to take sustained-release ibuprofen capsules as planned for 3 days post-surgery. Pain intensity was measured using the numerical rating scale at 30 min, 4 h, 6 h, 8 h, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h after surgery, and the use of additional analgesic medication was recorded during days 4 to 6 postoperatively. Results: All 82 patients completed the study according to the protocol. No adverse events such as nausea, vomiting, or allergies were reported in either group during the trial. The ibuprofen group exhibited significantly lower pain scores at 4 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 4.0 (3.0, 5.0)] (Z=-3.73, P<0.001), 6 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 5.0(2.5, 6.0)] (Z=-3.38, P<0.001), and 8 h [2.0 (1.0, 4.0) vs. 5.0 (2.0, 6.0)] (Z=-2.11, P=0.035) postoperatively compared to the control group. There were no statistically significant differences in pain scores between the groups at 30 min, 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h postoperatively (P>0.05). Additionally, 11 out of 41 patients (26.8%) in the ibuprofen group and 23 out of 41 patients (56.1%) in the control group required extra analgesic medication between days 4 and 6 post-surgery, with the ibuprofen group taking significantly fewer additional pills [0.0 (0.0, 1.0) vs. 1.0 (0.0, 3.0)] (Z=-2.81, P=0.005). Conclusions: A pain management regimen involving 300 mg of oral sustained-release ibuprofen capsules administered 15 minutes before surgery and continued for 3 d postoperatively effectively reduces pain levels and the total amount of analgesic medication used after the extraction of impacted mandibular third molars. Considering its efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness, ibuprofen is recommended as a first-line drug for perioperative pain management, enhancing patient comfort during diagnosis and treatment in a feasible manner.


Assuntos
Analgesia , Ibuprofeno , Humanos , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Ibuprofeno/efeitos adversos , Dente Serotino/cirurgia , Preparações de Ação Retardada/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Método Duplo-Cego , Extração Dentária/efeitos adversos
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