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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 16-20, maio-ago. 2022.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1361986

RESUMO

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo realizar uma revisão de literatura e discutir os mais atuais conceitos sobre abordagem conservadora de lesões cariosas profundas, facilitando o manejo clínico. Para que essa abordagem conservadora seja implementada, é imprescindível que se conheça a composição estrutural e funcional do biofilme para, assim, entender a evolução da doença cárie que acomete a estrutura dentária. No entanto, quando se trata de um dente com lesão de cárie ativa com grande comprometimento de esmalte e dentina, procedimentos operatórios mais invasivos e restauradores podem ser necessários, mesmo que fundamentados na maior preservação possível de estrutura dentária. As evidências mais atuais encontradas na literatura recomendam a remoção seletiva do tecido cariado que consiste na dentina infectada, ou seja, clinicamente amolecida, e restauração definitiva na mesma sessão. Portanto, desde que o dente apresente vitalidade pulpar clinicamente confirmada, acredita-se que a preservação estratégica da dentina, poderá aumentar as chances de sucesso no tratamento, evitando possível exposição da polpa dentária. Adicionalmente, ao optar por práticas conservadoras no contexto da Odontologia de mínima intervenção, resultará em um significativo aumento na longevidade das restaurações sempre associando promoção de saúde ao paciente(AU)


This paper aims to conduct a literature review and discuss the most current concepts on conservative approach to deep carious lesions in permanent posterior teeth, facilitating clinical management. For this conservative approach to be implemented, it is essential to know the structural and functional composition of the biofilm in order to understand the evolution of the caries disease that affects the dental structure. However, when it comes to a tooth with an active caries lesion with major enamel and dentin compromise, more invasive and restorative surgical procedures may be necessary, even if based on the greatest possible preservation of the dental structure. The most current findings in the literature recommend the selective removal of carious tissue consisting of infected dentin, that is, clinically softened, and definitive restoration in the same session. Therefore, as long as the tooth has clinically confirmed pulp vitality, it is believed that the strategic preservation of dentin may increase the chances of successful treatment, avoiding possible exposure of the dental pulp. Additionally, when opting for conservative practices in the context of Minimally Invasive Dentistry, it will result in a significant increase in the longevity of restorations, always associating health promotion to the patient(AU)


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Esmalte Dentário , Placa Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Dentina
2.
Am J Dent ; 35(2): 97-102, 2022 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35506965

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the survival of adhesive restorations after selective carious tissue removal to soft dentin in primary molars. METHODS: This two-arm randomized clinical trial included 62 subjects (5.9 years ± 1.7) and 144 primary molars presenting deep active dentin carious lesions. The sample was randomly assigned based on restorative material: universal adhesive (Scotchbond Universal) plus bulk fill resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative) and resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (Vitremer). Two operators performed all restorative procedures. Restorations were evaluated at 6, 12, and 18 months using the FDI World Dental Federation criteria. Survival estimates for restorations' longevity were evaluated with Kaplan-Meier method. Multivariate Cox regression analysis with shared frailty was used to assess the factors associated with failures (P< 0.05). RESULTS: Restorative material did not influence the restorations' survival (HR 1.56 95% CI 0.78-3.13; P= 0.12). The survival rates at 18 months of follow-up were 62.9% and 76.8% (AFR: 26.6% and 16.1%) for resin-modified glass-ionomer cement and bulk fill resin composite restorations, respectively (long-rank P= 0.14). Boys had higher risk of failure in their restorations (HR: 2.64, 95% CI: 1.29-5.40). Restorations performed by a less experienced operator had 3.26 times more risk of failure (P= 0.001). CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The effectiveness of resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (Vitremer) and bulk fill resin composite (Filtek Bulk Fill Posterior Restorative) restorations after selective removal of carious tissue to soft dentin in primary molars was similar at 18 months of follow-up.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Restauração Dentária Permanente , Resinas Compostas/química , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cimentos Dentários/química , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Dentina , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Cimentos de Resina/química , Dente Decíduo
3.
Braz Dent J ; 33(2): 91-98, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35508041

RESUMO

This study aimed to evaluate the influence of calcium silicate-based sealers on the bond strength of fiber posts using conventional and self-adhesive resin cement. Sixty single-rooted teeth were selected. The canals were prepared with a reciprocating instrument 40.06. The roots were randomly distributed in six groups (n = 10) according to the strategies for root canal filling and fiber posts cementation: AH Plus/RelyX ARC; AH Plus/RelyX U200; Bio C Sealer/RelyX ARC; Bio C Sealer/RealyX U200; Sealer Plus BC/RelyX ARC; and Sealer Plus BC/RelyX U200. The roots were transversally sectioned, and one slice per post-third was obtained. The push-out test was performed at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. The failure patterns were described after assessment with a stereomicroscope with a 10× magnification. Bond strength was calculated and analyzed using the ANOVA and Tukey test. AH Plus did not influence the bond strength of fiber posts cemented with conventional (RelyX ARC) or with self-adhesive resin cement (RelyX U200). The lowest bond strength values were obtained when calcium silicate-based sealers were associated with conventional resin cement (Bio C Sealer/RelyX ARC and Sealer Plus BC/RelyX ARC). Except for Sealer Plus BC/RelyX ARC, all groups presented lower bond strength at the apical portion compared to the cervical portion of the post. Adhesive failures between cement and post and cement and dentin were predominant (55.3%). Calcium silicate-based sealers decreased the bond strength of fiber posts cemented with conventional resin cement.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Cavidade Pulpar , Dentina , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química
4.
Biomed Res Int ; 2022: 3824796, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35535042

RESUMO

Objectives: Given the high prevalence of the coronavirus and the high risk of virus transfer to dentists, the use of mouthwashes, which can potentially eliminate this virus, is suggested before dental procedures. Since these mouthwashes may affect the bond strength of composite resin restorations to teeth, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of recommended mouthwashes on the shear bond strength of composite resin restorations to dentin and enamel in selective etch and rinse and two-step self-etch bonding systems. Methods: Five groups of posterior teeth (n = 15) were selected for five groups of cetylpyridinium chloride 0.07%, povidone-iodine 1%, hydrogen peroxide 1%, and chlorhexidine 0.2% as mouthwash and distilled water as the control group. The buccal enamel and lingual dentin of each tooth were rinsed after immersion in a mouthwash. After 20 seconds of enamel acid-etching and 15 seconds of dentin priming, they were impregnated with an adhesive, and composite cylinders were placed on the dentin and enamel surfaces of the tooth. The shear bond strength test was performed after 24 hours, and results were analyzed by ANOVA and paired t-test (α = 0.05). Results: The mean shear bond strength of enamel to composite was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than that of dentin to composite in each study group, but no significant difference was found between the mean shear bond strength of composite to enamel (p = 0.199) and to dentin (p = 0.335) after the use of mouthwashes and that of the control group. Conclusion: The use of mouthwashes used in this study did not have negative effects on the shear bond strength of composite to enamel and dentin.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas/química , Esmalte Dentário , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Antissépticos Bucais/farmacologia , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência ao Cisalhamento
5.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 47(2): 226-237, 2022 Feb 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35545413

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Root canal therapy is the most effective and common method for pulpitis and periapical periodontitis. During the root canal preparation, chemical irrigation plays a key role. However, sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), the widely used irrigation fluid, may impact the bonding strength between dentin and restorative material meanwhile sterilization and dissolving. Therefore, it's important to explore the influence of NaOCl on the adhesion between dentin and restoration materials to ensure clinical efficacy. This study aims to explore the effect of NaOCl on dentine adhesion and evaluate the effect of dentine adhesion induced by sodium erythorbate (ERY), and to provide clinical guidance on dentin bonding after root canal therapy. METHODS: Seventy freshly complete extracted human third molars aged 18-33 years old, without caries and restorations were selected. A diamond saw was used under running water to achieve dentine fragments which were divided into 10 groups with 14 fragments in each group: 2 control [deionized water (DW)±10% ERY] and 8 experimental groups (0.5%, 1%, 2.5%, and 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY). The dentine specimens in the control group (treated with DW) and the experimental groups (treated with 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl) were immersed for 20 min using corresponding solutions which were renewed every 5 min. The other 5 groups were immersed in 10% ERY for 5 min after an initial washing with DW for 1 min. Then, we selected 4 dentine fragments from all 14 fragments in each group and the numbers and diameters of opening dentinal tubules were observed under scanning electron microscope (SEM). The other 10 dentine fragments from each group were used to make adhesive samples by using self-etch adhesive wand composite resin. All the above adhesive samples were sectioned perpendicular to the bonded interface into 20 slabs with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm×1 mm using a diamond saw under the cooling water, and then the morphology of 10 slabs in each group's bonding interface was observed from aspects of formation of resin tags, depth of tags in dentin, and formation of hybrid layer under SEM. The other 10 slabs of each group's microtensile bond strength and failure modes were also analyzed. RESULTS: Among the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules gradually increased with the rise of concentration of NaOCl solution (all P<0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, 2.5% NaOCl, and 5.25% NaOCl groups, the number and diameter of patent dentinal tubules increased after using ERY, but without significant difference (all P>0.05). Among the DW, 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, the scores of formation of resin tags under SEM gradually increased with the increase of concentration of NaOCl solution, while the score in the 5.25% NaOCl group decreased significantly compared with the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (all P>0.05). The scores of length of the tags under SEM in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than the scores of DW, 0.5% NaOCl, and 1% NaOCl groups (all P<0.05), and it was also higher than the score of the 2.5% NaOCl group, but without significant difference (P>0.05). There was no significant difference between using 10% ERY groups and without using 10% ERY groups (P>0.05). The scores of formation of hybrid layer under SEM in the 2.5% NaOCl and 5.25% NaOCl groups significantly decreased compared with the score of the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). Microtensile bond strength was greater in the 0.5% NaOCl, 1% NaOCl, and 2.5% NaOCl groups, but lower in the 5.25% NaOCl group than that in the DW group (all P<0.05). There were significant differences between the 2.5% NaOCl±10% ERY groups and between the 5.25% NaOCl±10% ERY groups (all P<0.05). The incidence of type "Adhesive" of failure modes in the 5.25% NaOCl group was significantly higher than that in other groups (all P<0.05), while the incidence of type "Adhesive" in the 5.25% NaOCl+10% ERY group was lower than that in the 5.25% NaOCl group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The bonding strength to dentine increases with the increase of NaOCl concentration when the concentration lower than 2.5%; whereas it is decreased at a higher concentration (such as 5.25%). 10% ERY has a definite recovery effect on attenuated bonding strength to 5.25% NaOCl-treated dentine.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Adolescente , Adulto , Ácido Ascórbico , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Adesivos Dentinários/farmacologia , Diamante/farmacologia , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Cimentos de Resina/química , Cimentos de Resina/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia , Resistência à Tração , Água/farmacologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 7435, 2022 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35523839

RESUMO

Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) has been long studied in laboratories, and its clinical effectiveness in the treatment and prevention of root caries has been reported. In the present study, we assessed the microbiological effects of SDF on dental biofilms grown on demineralized dentin in situ. Specifically, demineralized bovine root dentin slabs used as biofilm substrates were treated with 38% SDF, and the biofilms formed after this treatment were analyzed via real-time PCR, DEAD/LIVE cell staining, and SEM. Next, the viable cell count was determined, and microbial profiles were compared using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Untreated slabs were used as controls. We observed significant decreases in viable cell counts (p < 0.05), number of biofilm-forming cells (p < 0.01), biofilm thickness (p < 0.01), and high proportion of dead cells with SDF treatment (p < 0.01). The microcolonies in the SDF-treated biofilms showed less complexity, and only a limited number of genera were differentially abundant between the groups. Microbial diversity index comparisons showed no significant differences between the groups with respect to treatments days (p = 0.362). Thus, SDF negatively influenced dental biofilm growth on demineralized root dentin in situ; however, its antimicrobial action did not target a specific oral taxon.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Fluoretos Tópicos , Animais , Biofilmes , Bovinos , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário/farmacologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Compostos de Prata/farmacologia
7.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 17: 1695-1709, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35444417

RESUMO

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the hydrolytic stability of 10-methacryloyloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate calcium (MDP-Ca) salts with nanolayered and amorphous structures in different pH environments. Methods: The MDP-Ca salts were synthesized from MDP and calcium chloride and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) was used to quantify the release of calcium from the synthesized MDP-Ca salt, MDP-treated hydroxyapatite (MDP-HAp), and untreated HAp after soaking in acidic and neutral solutions for 1, 7, and 30 days. To study the hydrolytic process, we carried out molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of the nanolayered MCS-MD (monocalcium salt of the MDP dimer) and DCS-MD (dicalcium salt of the MDP dimer) structures, as well as of the amorphous-phase MCS-MM (monocalcium salt of the MDP monomer). Results: The TEM images showed that the nanolayered structures were partially degraded by acid attack. Based on the ICP-MS results, the hydrolysis rate of the MDP-Ca salt in acidic and neutral environments followed the order HAp > MDP-HAp > MDP-Ca salt. The MD simulations showed that, in acidic environments, clusters of MDP remained aggregated and all Ca2+ ions separated from the MDP monomer to interact with water molecules in aqueous solution. In neutral environments, Ca2+ ions always interacted with phosphate groups, OH- ions, and water molecules to form clusters centered on Ca2+ ions. Conclusion: MDP-Ca presented higher hydrolysis rates in acidic than neutral environments. Nanolayered MCS-MD possessed the highest resistance to acidic hydrolysis, followed by amorphous MCS-MM and DCS-MD.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Sais , Cálcio/análise , Dentina/química , Hidrólise , Teste de Materiais , Metacrilatos/química , Cimentos de Resina/química , Sais/análise , Água
8.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 6354, 2022 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428859

RESUMO

Silane-based/fully hydrolyzed, endodontic irrigant exhibiting antimicrobial properties, is prepared, and is hypothesized to control macrophage polarization for tissue repair. Albino wistar rats were injected with 0.1 ml root canal irrigant, and bone marrow cells procured. Cellular mitochondria were stained with MitoTracker green along with Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) performed for macrophage extracellular vesicle. Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were induced for M1 and M2 polarization and Raman spectroscopy with scratch assay performed. Cell counting was used to measure cytotoxicity, and fluorescence microscopy performed for CD163. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate interaction of irrigants with Enterococcus faecalis. K21 specimens exhibited reduction in epithelium thickness and more mitochondrial mass. EVs showed differences between all groups with decrease and increase in IL-6 and IL-10 respectively. 0.5%k21 enhanced wound healing with more fibroblastic growth inside scratch analysis along with increased inflammation-related genes (ICAM-1, CXCL10, CXCL11, VCAM-1, CCL2, and CXCL8; tissue remodelling-related genes, collagen 1, EGFR and TIMP-2 in q-PCR analysis. Sharp bands at 1643 cm-1 existed in all with variable intensities. 0.5%k21 had a survival rate of BMSCs comparable to control group. Bacteria treated with 0.5%k21/1%k21, displayed damage. Antimicrobial and reparative efficacy of k21 disinfectant is a proof of concept for enhanced killing of bacteria across root dentin acquiring functional type M2 polarization for ethnopharmacological effects.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Silanos , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Biofilmes , Dentina , Enterococcus faecalis , Macrófagos , Modelos Animais , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Silanos/farmacologia , Hipoclorito de Sódio/farmacologia
9.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 40(1): 62-66, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35439885

RESUMO

Background: Silver diamine fluoride (SDF, 38%) is an efficient topical fluoride used to arrest dental caries though it causes black staining of both teeth and restoration. The application of potassium iodide (KI) after SDF reduces the stain, but the color change is only temporary. An alternative method suggested is by mixing glutathione (GSH) with SDF, which preserves the silver ions of SDF within the solution. Hence, the purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the microshear bond strength (µSBS) of glass ionomer cement (GIC) to caries affected dentin (CAD) pretreated with SDF/KI/GSH. Materials and Methods: Thirty dentine slices of 2 mm thickness from human permanent upper premolars were demineralized using pH cycling method to mimic CAD. They were allocated to three groups of 10 each and treated with SDF, SDF-KI (SDF followed by KI), SDF + GSH (SDF mixed with GSH), respectively. Specimens were bonded with GICs. The µSBS was assessed using a universal testing machine and the data obtained were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Tukey's post hoc test. Results: The µSBS (mean ± standard deviation) values for groups SDF, SDF-KI, and SDF + GSH were 4.81 ± 2.026, 5.78 ± 1.809, 8.18 ± 2.828 megapascal respectively. Group 3 showed significantly better bond strength compared to groups 1 and 2. In group 2, the addition of KI showed better bond strength when compared to group 1, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: Pretreatment of teeth with GSH along with SDF application showed significantly better bond strength of GIC to CAD compared to SDF and SDF-KI.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro , Suscetibilidade à Cárie Dentária , Dentina , Fluoretos Tópicos/farmacologia , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Glutationa/farmacologia , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Iodeto de Potássio/farmacologia , Compostos de Amônio Quaternário , Compostos de Prata
10.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 34(1): 45-48, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35466625

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Papacarie pre-treatment of dentin surface has been reported to exhibit good bond strength values between dentin and composites. Its desirable properties like high pH, sites specify and anti-inflammatory response makes it a future material in place acid etching pre-treatment. Acid etching may cause sensitivity and collapse of dentinal matrix. METHODS: This in-vitro study involved, 60 caries free extracted premolars, randomly divided into three groups. Control Group (Group A) No pre-treatment of dentin prior adhesive application. Experimental Group B acid etchant was applied before adhesive application. Experimental Group C Papacarie was used as a pre-treatment agent. All these specimens were tested for shear bond strength with the help of Universal Testing Machine. All the collected data was entered in SPSS version 20.0. ANOVA was used to determine the mean SBS (Shear Bond strength) values of control and experimental groups. RESULTS: The mean shear bond strength of material was 7.74±0.47 in group A, 17.80±1.43 in group B and 15.11±0.70 in group C. Group B showing better strength than other two groups. CONCLUSIONS: The study provides information about longevity of composite restorations and may help in extending the clinical usage of papacarie to avoid harmful effects of acid etching on dentin and pulpal tissue.


Assuntos
Adesivos , Adesivos Dentinários , Condicionamento Ácido do Dente , Resinas Compostas/química , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Papaína , Cimentos de Resina
11.
Gen Dent ; 70(3): 22-26, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35467539

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of natural saliva contamination of dentin on the adaptation of composite resin restorations as well as the efficacy of various decontamination techniques. A total of 120 human molars and premolars were randomly distributed into 6 groups (n = 20). Standardized dentin cavities were prepared and restored with composite resin after 1 of 6 different surface treatments, which included a 2-step etch-and-rinse adhesive: 1, dentin etching, adhesive application following the manufacturer's instructions (control), light curing; 2, dentin etching, saliva contamination, air drying, adhesive application, light curing; 3, dentin etching, saliva contamination, water rinsing, air drying, adhesive application, light curing; 4, dentin etching, adhesive application, light curing, saliva contamination, air drying; 5, dentin etching, adhesive application, light curing, saliva contamination, water rinsing, air drying; or 6, dentin etching, adhesive application, light curing, saliva contamination, water rinsing, air drying, adhesive reapplication. The adaptation was evaluated at the top surface and at depths of 0.5 and 1.0 mm by measuring the length of the debonded margin and calculating its percentage relative to the cavity perimeter (%DM). The internal adaptation was evaluated by measuring the width of the maximum marginal gap (MMG). Inferior adaptation was observed after saliva contamination took place. Group 1 presented the most satisfactory adaptation at the top surface, whereas groups 4 and 5 had the highest %DM and greatest MMG at all surfaces (P < 0.05). The %DM and MMG values in groups 2, 3, and 6 were not significantly different from those of group 1 or each other. Saliva contamination after adhesive application (groups 4 and 5) resulted in deterioration of marginal and internal adaptation. Reapplication of the adhesive restored adaptation, as evidenced by the %DM and MMG values in group 6.


Assuntos
Resinas Compostas , Colagem Dentária , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Descontaminação , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Cimentos de Resina/uso terapêutico , Saliva , Água
12.
Dent Mater ; 38(5): 748-758, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35431088

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess dentin collagen denaturation from phosphoric acid and enzyme treatments using collagen hybridizing peptide (CHP) and to investigate the effect of collagen denaturation on bio-stabilization promoted by proanthocyanidins (PA). METHODS: Human molars were sectioned into 7-µm-thick dentin films, demineralized, and assigned to six groups: control with/without PA modification, H3PO4-treated collagen with/without PA modification, enzyme-treated collagen with/without PA modification. PA modification involved immersing collagen films in 0.65% PA for 30 s. H3PO4 and enzyme treatments were used to experimentally induce collagen denaturation, which was quantitated by fluorescence intensity (FI) from the fluorescently-conjugated-CHP (F-CHP) staining (n = 4). FTIR was used to characterize collagen structures. All groups were subject to collagenase digestion to test the bio-stabilization effect of PA on denatured collagen using weight loss analysis and hydroxyproline assay (n = 6). Data were analyzed using two-factor ANOVA and Games-Howell post hoc tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: FTIR showed collagen secondary structural changes after denaturation treatments and confirmed the incorporation and cross-linking of PA in control and treated collagen. F-CHP staining indicated high-degree, medium-degree, and low-degree collagen denaturation from H3PO4-treatment (FI = 83.22), enzyme-treatment (FI = 36.54), and control (FI = 6.01) respectively. PA modification significantly reduced the weight loss and hydroxyproline release of all groups after digestion (p < 0.0001), with the results correlated with FI values at r = 0.96-0.98. SIGNIFICANCE: A molecular method CHP is introduced as a sensitive technique to quantitate dentin collagen denaturation for the first time. PA modification is shown to effectively stabilize denatured collagen against collagenase digestion, with the stabilization effect negatively associated with the collagen denaturation degree.


Assuntos
Proantocianidinas , Colágeno/química , Colágeno/farmacologia , Colagenases , Dentina/química , Humanos , Hidroxiprolina/análise , Hidroxiprolina/farmacologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Proantocianidinas/farmacologia , Perda de Peso
13.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 137-146, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416441

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of roughness and drying time of dentin as well as the number of coats of a self-adhesive composite-cement primer on the bond strength of self-adhesive composite cement. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty human teeth were prepared and assigned to 12 groups (n = 5), according to three experimental factors: 1) dentin surface roughness, rough or fine, as achieved by 250- and 600-grit silicon carbide papers, respectively; 2) dentin wetness based on air-drying time (5 or 10 s); and 3) the self-adhesive composite-cement primer applications (no-coat, 1-coat, and 2-coat). Composite resin blocks were made with hybrid composite resin (M1 GraceFil) and cemented with G-CEM ONE (both GC). Cement-dentin sticks (12) were prepared, and the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) test was performed. Failure modes were observed with a stereomicroscope (40X), and bonding interfaces were evaluated with confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Statistical analysis was performed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey's post-hoc comparisons test (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Dentin roughness (250-grit > 600-grit, p = 0.000), drying time (5-s drying > 10-s drying, p = 0.000), and primer application (no-coat < 1-coat = 2-coat, p = 0.000) had significant effects on bond strength. These factors also showed significant interactions with each other (p = 0.003). The highest µTBS (31.8 ± 3.1 MPa) was observed in the 1-coat/fine roughness/10-s drying group and the lowest µTBS (13.4 ± 2.7 MPa) in the no-coat/coarse roughness/5-s drying group. CLSM showed higher penetration of cement in the primer-coated groups compared to that in the no-coat groups. CONCLUSION: Bond strength between the self-adhesive composite cement and dentin was higher in the fine-roughness dentin group than in the coarse-roughness dentin group, and in the 5-s drying group compared to the 10-s drying group. Applying a primer to dentin improved bond strength of the self-adhesive composite cement.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Cimentos de Resina , Resinas Compostas/química , Cimentos Dentários , Materiais Dentários/química , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Propriedades de Superfície , Resistência à Tração
14.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 195-202, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416447

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the effect of incorporating different concentrations of biosilicate in an experimental self-etch adhesive (SE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Biosilicate microparticles (0, 2, 5, and 10 wt%) were incorporated into the primer, and degree of conversion (DC) and wettability were tested (one-way ANOVA, Tukey's test, p < 0.05). The two best concentrations were selected (2% and 5%) for µTBS evaluation. Sound human molars (n=20) were sectioned into quarters and randomly assigned to 4 experimental groups: 1. experimental SE + 0% biosilicate (Exp0%; negative control); 2. experimental SE + 2% biosilicate (Exp2%); 3. experimental SE + 5% biosilicate (Exp5%); 4. AdheSE (Ivoclar Vivadent, positive control). After adhesive application, Filtek Z350 (3M Oral Care) composite was built up incrementally to 5 mm. Each quarter tooth was sectioned into sticks (0.9 mm2) and stored in distilled water (37°C) for 24 h, 6 months, or 1 year. After storage, sticks were submitted to µTBS (0.75 mm/min). The Ca:P ratio was analyzed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy (EDS). Data were analyzed using two-way ANOVA with Bonferroni's correction, with statistical siginificance set at p < 0.05. Fracture patterns were observed under a digital microscope and adhesive interfaces with transmission electron microscopy (TEM). RESULTS: Exp2% presented the highest DC (p < 0.05), Exp5% exhibited the lowest µTBS (p < 0.05), and adhesive failures were predominant in all groups. TEM suggested remineralized areas in Exp2% and to a lesser degree in Exp5%. Exp2% and Exp5% showed a higher Ca:P ratio after aging (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The incorporation of biosilicate microparticles can improve the properties of self-etch adhesives. It increased the DC of the experimental adhesive as well as mineral deposition. However, the adhesive properties are concentration dependent, as a higher concentration of microparticles can adversely affect the mechanical properties of an adhesive.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Adesivos Dentinários , Adesivos/farmacologia , Cerâmica , Resinas Compostas/química , Colagem Dentária/métodos , Cimentos Dentários/química , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência à Tração
15.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 203-208, 2022 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35416448

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To morphologically evaluate the interface between a conventional glass-ionomer cement (GIC) and dentin one day after placement, as well as the changes at the interface after one year of aging/functioning in monkey teeth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: On the buccal surfaces of seven intact teeth in each of two monkeys, shallow class V cavities were prepared, which were then filled with Fuji IX GP (GC) to provide 1-year in vivo data. A year later, two more teeth in each monkey were similarly prepared and restored for the 1-day in vivo group. The following day, the restored teeth were extracted and the restoration interfaces observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). In addition, restorations were similarly placed in two extracted human teeth (control, 1-day in vitro group) and observed a day after placement using TEM. RESULTS: The 1-day in vivo and in vitro results showed that the GIC appeared to bond to dentin through a demineralized zone similar to the hybrid layer produced by resinous adhesives. However, the interface between GIC and dentin after 1 year in vivo appeared to change over time: many needle-like crystals were detected within the remineralized layer and along the collagen fibrils. Slow diffusion of ions resulted in pores, which filled with mineral crystals and made the pores smaller. CONCLUSION: The interface between GIC and dentin morphologically changes over time, and recrystallization or remineralization at the interface may occur (1 year in vivo).


Assuntos
Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Dentina/química , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/química , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
16.
Georgian Med News ; (324): 204-210, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35417886

RESUMO

The role of trace elements (microelements) in maintaining oral health has not been fully investigated and still remains the subject of research and discussion. Some trace elements contribute to the development of caries, while others, on the contrary, prevent formation of this process and accelerate the restoration of dental hard tissues. Penetration of trace elements into human dental structures via saliva, food, water and other routes contributes to the formation of carious diseases, or, conversely, its cessation and/or regression. Analyzing the studies allowed us to conclude that there is very scarce information available in the literature about the layered, zonal distribution of "vital" trace elements in healthy (intact) teeth dentin and enamel. However, to study the distribution of caries-static elements (Ca, F, P) on the enamel surface as well as in para-pulpal dentin is of great importance as well. It was aimed to identify trace elements in human teeth structures (enamel, dentin and cementum), as well as to determine their localization and concentration. To reach this objective, X-ray spectral analysis on 6 intact, extracted teeth has been performed by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). Identification of trace elements was performed on the 6 sites/locations of these teeth: enamel surface layer, enamel thickness, enamel-dentin border, parapulpal dentin, root dentin, and cementum. As a result, it has been found that the distribution of essential trace elements in dental hard tissues is uneven, while such an important element in maintaining healthy teeth as Fluorine has been found in only minimal concentrations in hard tissues.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dente , Oligoelementos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/química , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Elétrons , Humanos , Dente/química , Dente/diagnóstico por imagem , Oligoelementos/análise , Raios X
17.
J Adhes Dent ; 24(1): 223-232, 2022 Apr 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35418011

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a sulfinate agent on the bonding durability of one-step self-etch adhesives (1-SEAs) to smear-layer-covered dentin deproteinized with hypochlorous acid (HOCl). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human coronal dentin disks with a standardized smear layer were deproteinized with 100 ppm HOCl solution for 0 s (control), 15 s or 30 s. After rinsing with water for 30 s and air drying, half of the specimens were treated with a sulfinate agent (Scotchbond Universal Dual Cure Activator; SDA) prior to the application of a 1-SEA (Bond Force II [Tokuyama Dental] or Clearfil Universal Bond Quick [Kuraray Noritake]). Microtensile bond strength (µTBS) was measured after 24 h or 10,000 thermal cycles (TC). The data were analyzed by three-way ANOVA with Tukey's post-hoc tests and t-tests at the 0.05 significance level. RESULTS: The 24-h µTBS of both adhesives increased statistically significantly with the HOCl pretreatment for 15 s or 30 s (p < 0.05), but it was not statistically significantly affected by the application of SDA (p > 0.05). However, after TC, the groups treated with the combination of HOCl and SDA maintained their µTBS (p > 0.05), as opposed to untreated dentin and dentin treated with either HOCl or SDA, whose µTBS decreased significantly (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The application of the sulfinate agent did not statistically significantly affect the immediate bond strength of 1-SEAs, and it could not prevent a significant decrease in the bond strength to untreated dentin after thermocycling. However, the sulfinate agent significantly improved the bonding durability of 1-SEAs to HOCl smear-layer deproteinized dentin.


Assuntos
Colagem Dentária , Camada de Esfregaço , Adesivos , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina , Adesivos Dentinários/química , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso , Teste de Materiais , Cimentos de Resina/química , Resistência à Tração
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 22(1): 151, 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35488332

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A force applied during orthodontic treatment induces inflammation to root area and lead to root resorption known as orthodontically induced inflammatory root resorption (OIIRR). Dentine sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) is one of the most abundant non-collagenous proteins in dentine that was released into gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) during OIIRR. The aim of this research is to compare DSPP detection using the univariate and multivariate analysis in predicting classification level of root resorption. METHODS: The subjects for this study consisted of 30 patients in 3 group classified as normal, mild, and severe groups of OIIRR. The GCF samples were taken from upper permanent central incisors in the normal and mild group while the upper primary second molars in the severe group. The DSPP qualitative detection limit was determined by analyzing the whole absorption spectrum utilizing multivariate analysis embedded with different preprocessing method. The multivariate analysis represents the multi-wavelength spectrum while univariate analyzes the absorption of a single wavelength. RESULTS: The results showed that the multivariate analysis technique using partial least square-discriminate analysis (PLS-DA) with the preprocess method has successfully improved in classification prediction for the normal and mild group at 0.88 percent accuracy. The multivariate using PLS-DA algorithm with Mean Center preprocess method was able to predict normal and mild tooth resorption classes better than the univariate analysis. The classification parameters have improved in term of the specificity, precision and accuracy. CONCLUSION: Therefore, the multivariate analysis helps to predict an early detection of tooth resorption complimenting the sensitivity of the univariate analysis. Trial registration NCT05077878 (14/10/2021).


Assuntos
Reabsorção da Raiz , Dentina/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Humanos , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Sialoglicoproteínas/metabolismo , Análise Espectral
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35457428

RESUMO

Tooth shell technique (TST) using autologous dentine is possible with lateral ridge augmentation while avoiding a donor region. This study aimed to clarify whether the use of periodontally compromised teeth (PCT) leads to similar results compared to non-periodontally compromised teeth (NPCT). In this retrospective study, the dentin matrix of 41 patients (PCT: n = 19 with 29 implants; NPCT: n = 22, with 29 implants) was used for TST. All cases were re-examined. Outcome parameters were biological complications, horizontal hard tissue loss, osseointegration, and the integrity of the buccal lamella. Only in one case in the PCT group, a graft was lost. In three cases, minor complications were identified, including two cases of wound dehiscence and one case of inflammation with suppuration (PCT: n = 1, NPCT: n = 3). All implants, except the one with the severe complication, were osseointegrated and the integrity of the buccal bone lamella was preserved. Mean difference of the resorption of the crestal width and the buccal lamella did not differ statistically between the two groups. TST using PCT showed results comparable to those of NPCT in terms of complications and graft resorption. Processed dentin matrix from PCT can be used and applied with predictable results for bone grafting, utilizing TST.


Assuntos
Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar , Dente , Aumento do Rebordo Alveolar/métodos , Transplante Ósseo/métodos , Dentina , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Dent Mater ; 38(5): 824-834, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35450701

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A novel method of combining chlorhexidine (CHX) loaded poly (amido amine) (PAMAM) dendrimers with a dental adhesive containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) nanofillers are proposed for etch-and-rinse bonding system to enhance resin-dentin bonding durability. METHODS: The CHX-loaded PAMAM and ACP nanofillers were synthesized and characterized. Their effects on the cytotoxicity were tested by MTT assay. Micro-tensile bond strength (µTBS) before and after thermomechanical challenges were used to evaluate the bonding durability. Anti-matrix metalloproteinase (MMPs) property was examined using in-situ zymography. A double-fluorescence technique was used to examine interfacial permeability after bonding. Dentin remineralization in Ca/P lacking solution was observed under scanning electron microscopy. RESULTS: Compared with a 0.2 wt% CHX solution, the PAMAM loaded CHX had less cytotoxicity, while the in situ zymography showed it could still inhibit MMPs activity within the hybrid layer after released from PAMAM. The application of the novel method maintained the µTBS better than the control group after thermomechanical challenges, and it did not negatively affect water permeability of the bonding interfaces. CHX-loaded PAMAM regulated the calcium (Ca) and phosphate (P) ions provided by the ACP-containing adhesives to remineralize the demineralized dentin surfaces without initial Ca/P in the environment. SIGNIFICANCE: The novel method can reduce the cytotoxicity of CHX, inhibit MMPs activities, maintain µTBS, and induce dentin remineralization, which are crucial factors for enhancing bonding durability.


Assuntos
Dendrímeros , Colagem Dentária , Aminas , Fosfatos de Cálcio , Clorexidina/farmacologia , Dendrímeros/análise , Dendrímeros/farmacologia , Cimentos Dentários , Dentina/química , Adesivos Dentinários , Teste de Materiais , Metaloproteinases da Matriz , Resistência à Tração
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