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1.
Washingotn, D.C.; PAHO; 2021-09-04.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54876

RESUMO

Three weeks after the 7.2 magnitude earthquake, Haiti’s Civil Protection (DGPC), announced on September 3, the first phase of emergency operations is over, and search and rescue activities have concluded in the three departments of the Great South. The assessment of Saint Antoine Hospital in Grand’Anse – carried out by structural engineers from PAHO and the Ministry of Health – concluded that the structural damage (cracks) in the building can be repaired, and the health facility can be used without danger. The Health Directorate of the Grand’Anse Department (DSGA) has identified the following priorities: establishment of mobile health clinics, set-up of temporary structures to continue providing care, and provision of medicines and medical supplies. SITUATION IN NUMBERS: ~2M Exposed: Grand Anse: 440,417; Nippes: 297,348; Sud: 744,897; Ouest: 491,858; Sud-est: 201,419. | 2,246 Deaths | 12,763 Injured | 329 Missing | 62 Damaged health facilities. ~ 24,400 Displaced


Assuntos
Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Tempestades , Emergências , Emergências em Desastres , Haiti , Região do Caribe
2.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48406

RESUMO

As I am sure you have heard, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck southern Haiti over the weekend. Our hearts go out to everyone as they face the aftermath of significant shaking and now Tropical Depression Grace. The earthquake was felt by all of our staff in Haiti, and the epicenter was close to Anse-a-Veau, where our team member, Gefthé Dévilmé lives. We have been working with the community to prepare for earthquakes and understand the safest actions to take. We are able to communicate with Gefthé using WhatsApp. He and his family are safe, although the damage in his area is severe. Many buildings suffered significant damage.


Assuntos
Desastres Naturais , Terremotos , Haiti , Depressão Tropical
3.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48408

RESUMO

In their own voice and style, youth share new knowledge about extreme earthquake and coastal risks and how to take action for disaster resilience.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Promoção da Saúde , Haiti
4.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48409

RESUMO

interactive map with health data relating to earthquake disaster in Haiti


Assuntos
Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Haiti
5.
Recurso na Internet em Francês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48410

RESUMO

Dix jours après le séisme qui a frappé Haïti le 14 août, les sinistrés des zones rurales les plus reculées attendent toujours l'aide humanitaire.


Assuntos
Desastres Naturais , Terremotos , Vítimas de Desastres , Haiti
6.
Recurso na Internet em Francês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48411

RESUMO

Le bilan du séisme qui a ravagé Haïti le 14 août s'est alourdi avec l'annonce par les autorités dimanche du décès d'au moins 2.207 personnes dans le sud-ouest du pays des Caraïbes où, l'aide parvient lentement aux sinistrés.


Assuntos
Desastres Naturais , Terremotos , Vítimas de Desastres , Haiti
7.
Recurso na Internet em Inglês | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-48413

RESUMO

The native Taino - who inhabited the island of Hispaniola when Christopher COLUMBUS first landed on it in 1492 - were virtually wiped out by Spanish settlers within 25 years. In the early 17th century, the French established a presence on Hispaniola. In 1697, Spain ceded to the French the western third of the island, which later became Haiti. The French colony, based on forestry and sugar-related industries, became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean but relied heavily on the forced labor of enslaved Africans and environmentally degrading practices. In the late 18th century, Toussaint L'OUVERTURE led a revolution of Haiti's nearly half a million slaves that ended France's rule on the island. After a prolonged struggle, and under the leadership of Jean-Jacques DESSALINES, Haiti became the first country in the world led by former slaves after declaring its independence in 1804, but it was forced to pay an indemnity to France for more than a century and was shunned by other countries for nearly 40 years. After the US occupied Haiti from 1915-1934, Francois "Papa Doc" DUVALIER and then his son Jean-Claude “Baby Doc” DUVALIER led repressive and corrupt regimes that ruled Haiti from 1957-1971 and 1971-1986, respectively. A massive magnitude 7.0 earthquake struck Haiti in January 2010 with an epicenter about 25 km (15 mi) west of the capital, Port-au-Prince. Estimates are that over 300,000 people were killed and some 1.5 million left homeless. The earthquake was assessed as the worst in this region over the last 200 years. On 4 October 2016, Hurricane Matthew made landfall in Haiti, resulting in over 500 deaths and causing extensive damage to crops, houses, livestock, and infrastructure. Currently the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, Haiti continues to experience bouts of political instability.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Vítimas de Desastres , Haiti
8.
Front Public Health ; 9: 652079, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34409004

RESUMO

In Guadeloupe, a French overseas territory located in the Eastern Caribbean, infectious and non-infectious diseases, loss of biodiversity, natural disasters and global change threaten the health and well-being of animals, plants, and people. Implementing the "One Health" (OH) approach is crucial to reduce the archipelago's vulnerability to these health threats. However, OH remains underdeveloped in Guadeloupe, hampering efficient and effective intersectoral and transdisciplinary collaborations for disease surveillance and control. A multidisciplinary research group of volunteer researchers working in Guadeloupe, with collective expertise in infectious diseases, undertook a study to identify key attributes for OH operationalization by reviewing past and current local collaborative health initiatives and analyzing how much they mobilized the OH framework. The research group developed and applied an operational OH framework to assess critically collaborative initiatives addressing local health issues. Based on a literature review, a set of 13 opinion-based key criteria was defined. The criteria and associated scoring were measured through semi-directed interviews guided by a questionnaire to critically evaluate four initiatives in animal, human, plant, and environmental health research and epidemiological surveillance. Gaps, levers, and prospects were identified that will help health communities in Guadeloupe envision how to implement the OH approach to better address local health challenges. The methodology is simple, generic, and pragmatic and relies on existing resources. It can be transposed and adapted to other contexts to improve effectiveness and efficiency of OH initiatives, based on lessons-learned of local past or current multi-interdisciplinary and intersectoral initiatives.


Assuntos
Desastres Naturais , Saúde Única , Animais , Região do Caribe , Guadalupe , Humanos , Índias Ocidentais
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360518

RESUMO

Global atmospheric warming leads to climate change that results in a cascade of events affecting human mortality directly and indirectly. The factors that influence climate change-related mortality within the peer-reviewed literature were examined using Whittemore and Knafl's framework for an integrative review. Ninety-eight articles were included in the review from three databases-PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus-with literature filtered by date, country, and keywords. Articles included in the review address human mortality related to climate change. The review yielded two broad themes in the literature that addressed the factors that influence climate change-related mortality. The broad themes are environmental changes, and social and demographic factors. The meteorological impacts of climate change yield a complex cascade of environmental and weather events that affect ambient temperatures, air quality, drought, wildfires, precipitation, and vector-, food-, and water-borne pathogens. The identified social and demographic factors were related to the social determinants of health. The environmental changes from climate change amplify the existing health determinants that influence mortality within the United States. Mortality data, national weather and natural disaster data, electronic medical records, and health care provider use of International Classification of Disease (ICD) 10 codes must be linked to identify climate change events to capture the full extent of climate change upon population health.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar , Desastres Naturais , Animais , Mudança Climática , Vetores de Doenças , Humanos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Tempo (Meteorologia)
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34444080

RESUMO

The evidence supporting the idea that natural disaster-related prenatal maternal stress (PNMS) influences the child's development has been accumulating for several years. We conducted a meta-analytical review to quantify this effect on different spheres of child development: birth outcomes, cognitive, motor, physical, socio-emotional, and behavioral development. We systematically searched the literature for articles on this topic (2756 articles retrieved and 37 articles included in the systematic review), extracted the relevant data to calculate the effect sizes, and then performed a meta-analysis for each category of outcomes (30 articles included across the meta-analyses) and meta-regressions to determine the effect of some factors of interest on the association between PNMS and child development: type of PNMS (objective, psychological, cognitive, diet), type of natural disaster (ice storm, flood/cyclone), type of report (maternal, third-party observer, medical), timing of exposure (preconception exposure included or not) and child age at assessment (under 10 or 10 years and older). We found that PNMS significantly influences all spheres of child development. Higher PNMS levels were associated with longer gestational age, larger newborns, and higher BMI and adiposity levels, as well as worse cognitive, motor, socio-emotional, and behavioral outcomes.


Assuntos
Desastres , Desastres Naturais , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Gravidez , Efeitos Tardios da Exposição Pré-Natal/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico
12.
New York; OCHA; aout 22, 2021. 16 p.
Não convencional em Francês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284289

RESUMO

Après qu'un puissant séisme de magnitude 7,2 et une dépression tropicale aient frappé Haïti les 14 et 17 août derniers, ne faisant qu'aggraver la misère et le dénuement causés par une intensification des déplacements liés aux gangs, une insécurité alimentaire chronique et des chocs climatiques récurrents, les besoins humanitaires augmentent rapidement, dépassant la vitesse à laquelle les autorités nationales et les partenaires humanitaires peuvent atteindre les populations touchées. Le passage de la dépression tropicale Grace n'a fait qu'aggraver les conditions sur le terrain après le tremblement de terre, en déversant des pluies extrêmement fortes dans les mêmes régions du sud du pays qui ont subi l'impact du tremblement de terre quelques jours plus tôt et en retardant le déploiement rapide des évaluations sectorielles et l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire vitale. Alors que le département du Sud-Est a été largement épargné par les conséquences du séisme dévastateur, les pluies diluviennes de Grace ont déclenché des inondations dans le département qui ont touché des centaines de foyers, générant des besoins concurrents issus de crises qui se superposent. Au 21 août, le bilan s'élevait à 2 207 morts, 12 268 blessés et 344 disparus. Ces chiffres augmentent d'heure en heure, car les équipes de recherche et de sauvetage ont de plus en plus de mal à trouver des survivants. Alors que le nombre de personnes gravement blessées ne cesse d'augmenter, la capacité de réaction du système de santé, déjà limitée, est de plus en plus mise à l'épreuve. Beaucoup de celles et ceux qui ont eu la chance de s'en sortir vivants se retrouvent maintenant sans abri, sans accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement, et plus exposés aux violences et aux abus, y compris aux violences basées sur le genre (VBG), car l'environnement de protection reste précaire. Selon la Direction générale de la protection civile (DGPC), 650 000 personnes ont besoin d'une aide humanitaire d'urgence dans les trois départements les plus touchés (Sud, Grand'Anse et Nippes). L'agriculture et les moyens de subsistance qui y sont liés ont été durement frappés dans les zones sinistrées, ce qui risque d'aggraver la sécurité alimentaire dans un pays où 4,4 millions de personnes, soit près de 40 % de la population, souffraient déjà d'insécurité alimentaire aiguë. Certaines des zones les plus touchées, comme le département des Nippes, ont déjà été confrontées aux conséquences négatives des sécheresses cycliques et de l'érosion des sols ces dernières années, ce qui a probablement poussé de nombreuses personnes à recourir à des mécanismes d'adaptation négatifs, car elles n'ont pas la capacité de faire face à la dernière crise.


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Haiti
13.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 26, 2021. 13 p.
Não convencional em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284291

RESUMO

Nearly two weeks after a 7.2-magnitude earthquake rocked south-western Haiti, humanitarian assistance has begun reaching some of the hardest-to-reach areas, where the most vulnerable are still unable to meet their urgent need for food, basic sanitation and hygiene and life-saving health services. In some remote rural areas, response personnel and relief supplies have yet to reach those most in need. The compounded impacts of the earthquake and Tropical Depression Grace have greatly exacerbated pre-existing needs. The UN System in Haiti estimates 650,000 people are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance, a concerning figure considering that 634,000 people across the three most affected departments ­ Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud ­ already needed multi-sectoral humanitarian assistance before the quake. As of the latest updates issued on 25 August, the Haitian Civil Protection General Directorate (DGPC) reported 2,207 deaths,12,268 injured and 320 missing. By 22 August, search-and-rescue crews had extracted 24 missing people from the rubble, including 4 children, who were airlifted to Camp-Perrin to receive emergency medical assistance. In the Sud Department, aftershocks continue almost two weeks after the initial quake on 14 August, creating widespread panic among the affected population. Some people whose homes are still standing in affected areas are choosing to sleep in the streets in fear that the structures may collapse at any moment.


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Haiti
14.
New York; OCHA; aout 2021. 41 p.
Não convencional em Francês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284292

RESUMO

Le 14 août à 8h30, heure locale, un séisme de magnitude 7,2 a frappé la côte sud-ouest d'Haïti, causant des dommages à grande échelle dans toute la péninsule sud du pays. Le puissant séisme de 10 km de profondeur s'est produit à 13 km au sud-est de PetitTrou- de-Nippes, dans le département des Nippes, une région déjà dévastée par l'ouragan Matthew en 2016. Deux jours seulement après le séisme, la dépression tropicale Grace a déversé des pluies extrêmement fortes dans le sud d'Haïti, provoquant des inondations dans les mêmes zones touchées par le séisme.


Assuntos
Humanos , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Haiti
15.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 2 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284293

RESUMO

Humanitarian needs are rapidly growing in the aftermath of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake that struck south-west Haiti on 14 August 2021, badly affecting the departments of Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud. The earthquake's devastating impact, while considered less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake that left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, was later compounded with heavy rains from tropical depression Grace on 17 August. Overall, official reports indicate more than 2,200 deaths and more than 12,000 people injured. The consecutive impacts damaged or destroyed more than 130,000 homes, rendering thousands homeless and in urgent need of assistance.


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres/economia , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Haiti
16.
New York; OCHA; Aug. 2021. 38 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284294

RESUMO

On 14 August at 8:30 am local time, a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the south-western coast of Haiti causing large-scale damage across the country's southern peninsula. The powerful 10 km deep earthquake occurred 13km southeast of Petit-Troude-Nippes, in the department of Nippes, the same region devastated by Hurricane Matthew in 2016. Only two days after the quake, Tropical Depression Grace dumped extremely heavy rains in southern Haiti, causing flooding in the same quake-affected areas. Despite being much less catastrophic than the 2010 earthquake which left more than 220,000 people dead and 1.5 million injured, the impact of the 14 August earthquake has been devastating. According to the latest reports issued by the Haitian Civil Protection on 21 August, the death toll has now surpassed 2,200 with more than 12,200 people injured. Almost 53,000 homes have been destroyed and more than 77,000 have sustained damage. About 800,000 people have been affected and an estimated 650,000 people ­ 40 per cent of the 1.6 million people living in the affected departments ­ are in need of emergency humanitarian assistance. The back-to-back disasters are exacerbating preexisting vulnerabilities. At the time of the disaster, Haiti is still reeling from the 7 July assassination of President Jovenel Moïse and still facing an escalation in gang violence since June that has affected 1.5 million people, with at least 19,000 displaced in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. The compounded effects of an ongoing political crisis, socio-economic challenges, food insecurity and gang violence continue to greatly worsen an already precarious humanitarian situation. Some 4.4 million people, or nearly 46 per cent of the population, face acute food insecurity, including 1.2 million who are in emergency levels (IPC 4) and 3.2 million people at crisis levels (IPC Phase 3). An estimated 217,000 children suffer from moderateto-severe acute malnutrition.


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos , Desastres Naturais , Haiti
17.
Washington; OPS; Aug. 23, 2021. 6 p. tab.
Não convencional em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284313

RESUMO

As a result of the 7.2 magnitude earthquake on August 14, 2021, according to Haiti's Civil Protection agency (DGPC), 2,207 people have died, 12,268 people were injured, and 320 are missing. In the most affected departments ­ Sud, Grand'Anse and Nippes ­ around 53,000 houses were destroyed and more than 77,000 damaged. Rapid assessments reported 59 health facilities affected in Grand'Anse, Nippes and Sud Departments: 27 severely damaged and 32 slightly damaged. In the affected departments, health sector evaluators are carrying out assessments to gather data on injured patients (hospitalizations, types of injuries and demographics) and the degree of damage to health facilities and needs. Logistics and security challenges continue limiting the delivery of supplies, deployment of personnel to affected areas and the transfer of patients to hospitals that are not overwhelmed. Health sector needs include: medical personnel, medicines, supplies and stock management, mental health and psychosocial support initiatives, implementation of preventive and control measures for communicable diseases, WASH operations in health facilities and shelters, rehabilitation of injured patients, among others


Assuntos
Humanos , Socorro em Desastres , Vítimas de Desastres , Terremotos/mortalidade , Desastres Naturais/mortalidade , Haiti
19.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2021-08-31.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54875

RESUMO

As of August 30, based on the assessment of 135 health facilities, 79 have been reported affected: 28 severely damaged and 51 slightly damaged. SITUATION IN NUMBERS: ~2M Exposed: Grand Anse: 440,417; Nippes: 297,348; Sud: 744,897; Ouest: 491,858; Sud-est: 201,419. | 2,207 Deaths | 12,268 Injured | 320 Missing | 79 Damaged health facilities.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Tempestades , Desastres Naturais , Emergências , Emergências em Desastres , Haiti , Região do Caribe
20.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2021-08-27.
em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr2-54873

RESUMO

Two weeks after the 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck the south-western coast of Haiti, OCHA reports around 650,000 people need emergency humanitarian assistance in the three most affected departments – Grand’Anse, Nippes and Sud. Aftershocks continue to shake the Great South region, where at least 600 aftershocks have been recorded since August 14th, according to experts in the country – causing panic amongst the population. In Les Cayes (Sud), some streets are blocked at times by people who are afraid to return to their homes. Based on the rapid assessment of 99 health facilities: 66 have been reported affected in Grand’Anse, Nippes and Sud Departments. Of those, 28 are reported severely damaged and 38 slightly damaged. SITUATION IN NUMBERS: ~2M Exposed: Grand Anse: 440,417; Nippes: 297,348; Sud: 744,897; Ouest: 491,858; Sud-est: 201,419. | 2,207 Deaths | 12,268 Injured | 320 Missing | 66 Damaged health facilities.


Assuntos
Terremotos , Tempestades , Desastres Naturais , Emergências , Emergências em Desastres , Haiti , Região do Caribe
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