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2.
J Psychol ; 154(1): 38-59, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31373540

RESUMO

Despite the increasing body of research on workplace incivility, the relationship between supervisor incivility and employee job performance, as well as its intermediary mechanisms, has received relatively little attention from researchers. Drawing on the transactional model of stress and self-determination theory, we propose employees' job insecurity and amotivation as mediating mechanisms between supervisor incivility and employee job performance. The proposed serial-mediation model was tested through a multilevel analysis of two-wave surveys collected from kindergarten teachers and their principals. Our mediation analysis revealed that incivility perpetrated by kindergarten principals exerted a negative effect on teachers' job performance three months later by shaping job insecurity perceptions and amotivation. These findings have theoretical implications for the workplace incivility literature and managerial implications for practitioners.


Assuntos
Incivilidade , Satisfação no Emprego , Motivação , Professores Escolares/psicologia , Instituições Acadêmicas/organização & administração , Desempenho Profissional , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , República da Coreia , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Incerteza
3.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1676, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830955

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Healthy lifestyles play an important role in the prevention of premature death, chronic diseases, productivity loss and other social and economic concerns. However, workplace interventions to address issues of fitness and nutrition which include work-related outcomes are complex and thus challenging to implement and appropriately measure the effectiveness of. This systematic review investigated the impact of workplace nutrition and physical activity interventions, which include components aimed at workplace's physical environment and organizational structure, on employees' productivity, work performance and workability. METHODS: A systematic review that included randomized controlled trials and or non-randomized controlled studies was conducted. Medline, EMBASE.com, Cochrane Library and Scopus were searched until September 2016. Productivity, absenteeism, presenteeism, work performance and workability were the primary outcomes of our interest, while sedentary behavior and changes in other health-related behaviors were considered as secondary outcomes. Two reviewers independently screened abstracts and full-texts for study eligibility, extracted the data and performed a quality assessment using the Cochrane Collaboration Risk-of-Bias Tool for randomized trials and the Risk-of-Bias in non-randomized studies of interventions. Findings were narratively synthesized. RESULTS: Thirty-nine randomized control trials and non-randomized controlled studies were included. Nearly 28% of the included studies were of high quality, while 56% were of medium quality. The studies covered a broad range of multi-level and environmental-level interventions. Fourteen workplace nutrition and physical activity intervention studies yielded statistically significant changes on absenteeism (n = 7), work performance (n = 2), workability (n = 3), productivity (n = 1) and on both workability and productivity (n = 1). Two studies showed effects on absenteeism only between subgroups. CONCLUSIONS: The scientific evidence shows that it is possible to influence work-related outcomes, especially absenteeism, positively through health promotion efforts that include components aimed at the workplace's physical work environment and organizational structure. In order to draw further conclusions regarding work-related outcomes in controlled high-quality studies, long-term follow-up using objective outcomes and/or quality assured questionnaires are required. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Registration number: PROSPERO CRD42017081837.


Assuntos
Absenteísmo , Eficiência , Serviços de Saúde do Trabalhador , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Exercício/psicologia , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Estado Nutricional , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
4.
Int J Occup Environ Med ; 10(4): 185-193, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586383

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: World Health Organization's Healthy Workplace Framework and Model has emphasized addressing psychosocial work stressors as one of the important avenues toward creating a conducive workplace. Management and interventions of these adverse stressors have been unremarkable; impairing work productivity. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of psychosocial work stressors on health service productivity. METHODS: Using Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II and Healthcare Productivity Survey, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 225 health and allied health professionals in the largest referral hospital in Brunei. Multiple linear regression was used to explore the relationship of each domain of work productivity to indicators of psychosocial work stressors. RESULTS: Psychosocial work stressors explained more than 50% of the variance for health care productivity. Influence at work, role clarity, rewards and job satisfaction were among the factors with the highest contributions to this relationship. CONCLUSION: Crucial factors were identified and discussed, however, due to complexity of this relationship, international collaborations and efforts are required to ameliorate adverse effects of psychosocial stressors and improve health service productivity.


Assuntos
Estresse Ocupacional , Estresse Psicológico , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Masculino , Corpo Clínico/psicologia , Corpo Clínico/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Muscle Nerve ; 60(6): 724-731, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531865

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: There is currently little evidence regarding oculopharyngeal muscular dystrophy (OPMD) disease burden reported by patients. In this study we aim to elicit direct patient input regarding OPMD disease burden. METHODS: We conducted semistructured interviews with 25 participants with genetically confirmed OPMD and a wide range of disease duration (15 ± 8 years). Using the Framework Technique, themes and categories were then extracted. RESULTS: Analyses revealed 7 themes (physical impact, mental impact, social impact, perception of progression, treatment perceptions, coping strategies, and access to disease information), encompassing 27 categories of OPMD disease burden. The most frequent categories were related to dysphagia, coping strategies for dysphagia, and impaired mobility. DISCUSSION: This study demonstrates the importance of considering, when providing clinical care, the broad range of coping strategies patients use to deal with OPMD symptoms, especially dysphagia, to properly assess limitations and monitor real disease progression.


Assuntos
Distrofia Muscular Oculofaríngea/fisiopatologia , Distrofia Muscular Oculofaríngea/psicologia , Acesso à Informação , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Transtornos Dismórficos Corporais , Criança , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/fisiopatologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Limitação da Mobilidade , Debilidade Muscular/etiologia , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Distrofia Muscular Oculofaríngea/complicações , Distrofia Muscular Oculofaríngea/terapia , Dor/etiologia , Dor/fisiopatologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Participação Social , Distúrbios da Voz/etiologia , Distúrbios da Voz/fisiopatologia , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto Jovem
6.
Orv Hetil ; 160(39): 1542-1553, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544494

RESUMO

Introduction: The indicator-based performance monitoring and pay-for-performance system for Hungarian primary care was established in 2009, covering the whole country. It is based on a stable legal system and well operating information technology. Although, the health insurance system is able to facilitate the performance improvement only by the financing for general medical practices, the many times modified present system does not take into consideration (apart from the geographical location of practices) factors which determine the performance but cannot be influenced by general practitioners. Aim: The study aimed at renewing the indicator set and evaluation methodology in order to enable the monitoring to evaluate the performance of general medical practices independent of their structural characteristics. Method: Each adult care specific primary care performance indicator from June 2016 covering the whole country has been investigated. Indicators adjusted for structural practice characteristics (age and gender of patients; relative education of people provided; settlement type and county of the practice) have been computed. The difference between adjusted indicators and national reference values has been evaluated by statistical testing. Appropriateness of the present monitoring and financing system has been investigated by comparing the practice level presently applied and adjusted indicators to outline the opportunities to develop the present system. Results: The present monitoring allocates 34.46% of pay-for-performance resources for improving the performance of practices. The majority of resources supports the conservation of performance. Furthermore, the present system is not able to identify each practice with better than reference performance, withholding amount corresponding to 8.83% of pay-for-performance resources. If this financing were restricted to practices with significantly better than reference performance, the maximum of the financing a month in a practice would increase from 176 042 HUF (551 EURO) to 406 604 HUF (1274 EURO). Conclusion: Completing the performance monitoring system operated at present by the National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary with indicators adjusted for structural characteristics of the general medical practices, the resource allocation effectiveness could be improved. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(39): 1542-1553.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Indicadores de Qualidade em Assistência à Saúde , Reembolso de Incentivo , Desempenho Profissional , Adulto , Humanos , Hungria , Seguro Saúde , Médicos de Família , Alocação de Recursos
7.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 87(12): 1149-1156, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31545628

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Therapist effectiveness has primarily been defined as being the aggregate of the client therapy outcomes within a therapist's caseload. It may seem intuitive that the most skilled therapists are both effective (in the way defined above) and consistent in facilitating positive outcomes across their clients; however, this premise has not been fully tested. The present study sought to empirically examine this question in a large, multisite, geographically diverse sample. We first computed a consistency variable and an aggregate outcome variable for each therapist among a subset of each individual therapist's caseload (the first 30 clients per therapist within our data set). We then utilized this consistency score and aggregate outcome score to predict the therapy outcomes of their remaining clients. Clients' pretreatment severity scores were also included as a moderator of the association between therapist consistency, therapist aggregate outcome, and client outcomes. METHOD: The sample included 27,778 clients who were treated by 275 therapists. At the start of each session, clients completed the Behavioral Health Measure-20 as a measure of psychological functioning. RESULTS: Polynomial regression and response surface analysis indicated a discrepant effect, such that subsequent clients' outcomes were highest when therapists' aggregate outcome with their first 30 clients was high and the consistency in the outcomes of their first 30 clients was also high. This relationship was not moderated by clients' pretreatment severity. CONCLUSION: Therapists' expertise consists of both high performance and consistency. Therapists who achieved better outcomes consistently were top performers with their subsequent clients. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Competência Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Psicoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547475

RESUMO

The transactive memory system is known as an effective group cognitive system as well as a knowledge-sharing structure for organizations to keep competitive advantages in today's dynamic and knowledge-based business environment. However, its influence at the individual level remains vague. The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of a transactive memory system (TMS) on individual career resilience through the theoretical perspective of conservation of resources theory (COR). This research proposes and examines a moderated mediation model that elaborates how a transactive memory system affects individual career resilience. A two-stage empirical study was conducted among 328 employees from companies in China. The findings suggest that a transactive memory system significantly influences individual career resilience positively, and employee taking-charge behavior plays a mediating role in that relationship. Furthermore, the results supported our moderated mediation model, which indicates that individuals with high self-promotion motives are more likely to engage in taking-charge behavior than those with low self-promotion motives, and the former reported higher career resilience than the latter eventually. Theoretical and practical implications are also provided in the discussion section.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Emprego , Processos Grupais , Memória , Desempenho Profissional , China , Humanos
9.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31495110

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze Nursing Occupational Risk, the relationship between resilience and job performance, and investigate the mediating effects of resilience on Nursing Occupational Risk and job performance. Methods: 406 nurses from33 clinical departments of Chengdu first-class hospital were recruited by randomsampling method. Thier Nursing Occupational Risk, resilience and job performance were interviewed by nursing occupational risk assessment questionnaire, the Scale of medical staff resilience and the job performance questionnaire, and analyze the relationship between variables. Results: The clinical nurses' resilience is 82.98±10.05, the clinical nurses' job performance is 145.79±23.55; here was a positive correlation between clinical nurses' resilience and job performance (P<0.05) ; three variable of resilience can explain 33.2% of the variation of clinical nurses job performance; in the highest the Nursing Occupational risk, resilience served to mediate the relationship between Nursing Occupational Risk and job performance, which was 56.77% of the total effect respective. Conclusion: resilience are closely related to job performance. Resilience plays mediating role in the relationships between Nursing Occupational Risk and job performance, three dimensions of resilience can predict nurses' job performance. Improving the resilience of nurses can effectively improve their job performance.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Desempenho Profissional , China , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 69(Suppl 2)(6): S57-S63, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31369535

RESUMO

Objective: Eczema, a chronic dermatologic disease, has been recognized as an economic burden in publications all over the word but only minimally as such in Vietnam. The aim of this prospective study was to quantify the financial hardships and impairments suffered by eczema patients. Methods: This cross-sectional prevalence-based study involved 136 patients, whose conditions were classified into three severity levels on the basis of the medications that they were prescribed. Prescription therapy was administered for a month, after which there was patient-oriented assessment of effectiveness. The work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI) questionnaire was used to evaluate productivity loss, which was expressed in percentage form. Bootstrapping was conducted to determine continuous variables and demographybased differences in cost values among the patient groups. Results: For the month-long treatment, each eczema patient needed an average of US$68.1 (range: US$56.2- US$81.5) with the highest proportion being spent on cosmetic treatments. There is noticeable difference between groups among which patients' symptoms demonstrated in distinct levels. The estimates indicated that eczema resulted in 27.8% and 23.1% impairments in work and daily activities, respectively. Conclusions: The aggravation of disease symptoms can increase the direct costs borne by eczema patients. A decrease in productivity, which is one of the most serious consequences of the condition, should be paid adequate attention to minimize burdens to society.


Assuntos
Dermatite Atópica/economia , Eficiência , Desempenho Profissional/economia , Absenteísmo , Corticosteroides/economia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Inibidores de Calcineurina/economia , Inibidores de Calcineurina/uso terapêutico , Cosméticos/economia , Cosméticos/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Dermatite Atópica/terapia , Fármacos Dermatológicos/economia , Fármacos Dermatológicos/uso terapêutico , Suplementos Nutricionais/economia , Custos de Medicamentos , Emolientes/economia , Emolientes/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/economia , Antagonistas dos Receptores Histamínicos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Higiene da Pele , Vietnã
11.
J Grad Med Educ ; 11(4): 412-419, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31440335

RESUMO

Background: Internal medicine (IM) residency programs receive information about applicants via academic transcripts, but studies demonstrate wide variability in satisfaction with and usefulness of this information. In addition, many studies compare application materials to only 1 or 2 assessment metrics, usually standardized test scores and work-based observational faculty assessments. Objective: We sought to determine which application materials best predict performance across a broad array of residency assessment outcomes generated by standardized testing and a yearlong IM residency ambulatory long block. Methods: In 2019, we analyzed available Electronic Residency Application Service data for 167 categorical IM residents, including advanced degree status, research experience, failures during medical school, undergraduate medical education award status, and United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) scores. We compared these with post-match residency multimodal performance, including standardized test scores and faculty member, peer, allied health professional, and patient-level assessment measures. Results: In multivariate analyses, USMLE Step 2 Clinical Knowledge (CK) scores were most predictive of performance across all residency performance domains measured. Having an advanced degree was associated with higher patient-level assessments (eg, physician listens, physician explains, etc). USMLE Step 1 scores were associated with in-training examination scores only. None of the other measured application materials predicted performance. Conclusions: USMLE Step 2 CK scores were the highest predictors of residency performance across a broad array of performance measurements generated by standardized testing and an IM residency ambulatory long block.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional/normas , Medicina Interna/educação , Internato e Residência , Licenciamento em Medicina/normas , Desempenho Profissional/normas , Competência Clínica/normas , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Humanos
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434219

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to examine patterns of musculoskeletal pain episodes over time. We conducted a one-year follow-up study among 275 eldercare workers with measurements of musculoskeletal pain (low back pain (LBP) and neck/shoulder pain (NSP)) and pain-related work interference (PWI) reported via text message every four weeks. We found a constant, high four-weekly prevalence of LBP and NSP (between 61% and 72%). The distributions of pain episodes for LBP and NSP were similar with approximately 30% of the episodes being 7 days or less per four weeks. There was also a high recurrence of pain, with 33% reporting LBP or NSP every four weeks. In addition, 24% had pain at every measurement in both the low back and neck/shoulder regions combined throughout the year. On days with LBP or NSP, approximately 59% also reported interference with work, and 18% of the eldercare workers reported that pain interfered with their work all measurements throughout the year. A high proportion of eldercare workers reported pain every four weeks throughout the year and the four-weekly prevalence of pain remained high and constant on a group level. During most days with pain, eldercare workers were hampered in their regular work activities.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Musculoesquelética/epidemiologia , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Dor Lombar/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia
13.
Neuron ; 103(4): 559-562, 2019 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437452
15.
Elife ; 82019 07 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364991

RESUMO

We analyzed how often and in what ways the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) is currently used in review, promotion, and tenure (RPT) documents of a representative sample of universities from the United States and Canada. 40% of research-intensive institutions and 18% of master's institutions mentioned the JIF, or closely related terms. Of the institutions that mentioned the JIF, 87% supported its use in at least one of their RPT documents, 13% expressed caution about its use, and none heavily criticized it or prohibited its use. Furthermore, 63% of institutions that mentioned the JIF associated the metric with quality, 40% with impact, importance, or significance, and 20% with prestige, reputation, or status. We conclude that use of the JIF is encouraged in RPT evaluations, especially at research-intensive universities, and that there is work to be done to avoid the potential misuse of metrics like the JIF.


Assuntos
Mobilidade Ocupacional , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Pesquisadores , Desempenho Profissional , Canadá , Humanos , Estados Unidos , Universidades
16.
Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen ; 139(11)2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Norueguês, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Return-To-Work Self-Efficacy Scale questionnaire maps self-efficacy upon return to work following acute lower back pain. We wished to translate and validate the questionnaire, as well as to assess the concordance between the translated form and two other forms. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The questionnaire was translated into Norwegian according to recommended guidelines. Employees in the health and care service with musculoskeletal symptoms were recruited for the study. Cross-cultural validity was assessed by principal component analysis and internal consistency by Cronbach's alpha. Conceptual validity was assessed by correlation between the translated form and simultaneous measurements from two questionnaires that focus on closely related characteristics: the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia and the Demand-ControlSupport model. RESULTS: The Norwegian questionnaire is called 'Job-related self-efficacy'. Of a sample of 229 persons, 206 (89.9 %) were included in the analyses. Principal component analysis supported cross-cultural validity through findings of a three-factor structure in accordance with the original questionnaire. Internal consistency was high for all questions in the questionnaire (0.95), as well as for each of the three factors: meet job requirements (0.99), communicate needs to others (0.97) and adapt work duties (0.96), after adjusting for the number of questions. There were low correlations (< 0.40) between Job-Related Self-Efficacy and the Tampa scale for kinesiophobia, and the various factors in the Demand-Control-Support questionnaire, respectively. INTERPRETATION: The 'Job-Related Self-Efficacy' questionnaire has satisfactory cross-cultural validity after it was translated, and satisfactory internal consistency.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar/psicologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Autoeficácia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Musculoesquelética/psicologia , Noruega , Saúde do Trabalhador , Medição da Dor , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Licença Médica , Apoio Social , Traduções , Estados Unidos , Desempenho Profissional , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Elife ; 82019 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429826

RESUMO

The fact that it is difficult to evaluate and compare the outputs of individual researchers might actually be good for science.


Assuntos
Logro , Pesquisadores , Desempenho Profissional , Humanos
18.
Estud. Interdiscip. Psicol ; 10(2): 226-239, ago.2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1026362

RESUMO

A interprofissionalidade promove o aperfeiçoamento da assistência integral à saúde. Porém, o trabalho em equipe, por vezes, é permeado por conflitos, os quais podem ser gerenciados através das competências emocionais. Esse estudo objetiva relatar uma experiência de desenvolvimento de competências emocionais para fortalecimento do processo de trabalho interprofissional, com vistas à integralidade do cuidado. O Programa de Educação pelo Trabalho em Saúde desenvolveu essa experiência em 2015, num serviço de média complexidade. Inicialmente, foi utilizado um jogo, visando explorar fragilidades do serviço, o qual possibilitou identificar o sentimento de inibição de muitos profissionais diante de situações do cotidiano laboral. Posteriormente, objetivando contornar tais inibições, atividades lúdicas foram realizadas por meio de vídeos, jogos e rodas de conversas, que promoveram diálogos interprofissionais, com foco nas competências empatia e assertividade, que resultaram em uma postura mais ativa e questionadora dos profissionais frente às necessidades do processo de trabalho da equipe (AU).


The interprofessionality promotes the improvement of the full assistance of the health care. However, sometimes teamwork is surrounded by conflicts that can be managed through emotional competencies. This study aims to report an experience of promoting emotional competencies for the strengthen of the interprofessional work's process, aiming to achieve the integrality of care. The Programa de Educação pelo Trabalho em Saúde developed this experience in 2015, in a medium complexity service. Initially, a game was used to explore the weaknesses of the service, which allowed to identify the feeling of inhibition of many professionals in a daily work situation. Subsequently, to overcome these inhibitions, playful activities were done through videos, games, and conversations, that promoted interprofessional dialogues, focused on the empathy and assertiveness competences, that resulted in a more active and questioning posture of the professionals face to the team work's process needs (AU).


La interprofesionalidad promueve la mejora de la asistencia integral de la salud. Sin embargo, el trabajo en equipo, a veces, está rodeado por conflictos, que pueden ser administrados a través de las competencias emocionales. Este estudio tiene como objetivo informar una experiencia de desarrollo de las competencias emocionales para la consolidación del proceso de trabajo interprofesional, con el fin de alcanzar la integralidad del cuidado. El Programa de Educación por el Trabajo en Salud desarrolló esa experiencia en 2015, en un servicio de mediana complejidad. En el principio, se utilizó un juego para explorar las debilidades en el servicio, el cual posibilitó identificar el sentimiento de inhibición de muchos profesionales frente a situaciones del cotidiano laboral. En seguida, para superar estas inhibiciones, se realizaron actividades lúdicas a través de videos, juegos y ruedas de conversación, que promovieron diálogos interprofesionales, cetrados en las competencias empatía y asertividad, que resultaron en una postura más activa y cuestionadora de los profesionales frente a las necesidades del proceso de trabajo del equipo (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assertividade , Assistência Integral à Saúde , Empatia , Desempenho Profissional
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31284496

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the influence of role stress (role ambiguity and role conflict) on job burnout and job performance in construction project managers in the Chinese construction industry. Based on the JD-R (Job Demands Resources) model, this study introduces career calling as the moderating variable, in order to develop a theoretical model. The theoretical model is then tested with structural equation modeling. This work uses data from 191 owners, contractors, subcontractors, and supervisors in the Chinese construction industry. The results indicate that: (i) role ambiguity has a negative and significant effect on job burnout and job performance; (ii) role conflict has a negative effect on job burnout, but has a non-significant influence on job performance; (iii) job burnout has a negative impact on job performance; (iv) career calling negatively moderates the relationship between role ambiguity and job burnout, and positively moderates the relationship between role conflict and job performance. Furthermore, the results also show that career calling can positively moderate the effect of role conflict on job burnout. This study expands the existing body of knowledge by reasonably controlling role stress and appropriately introducing career calling. In addition, the study provides some suggestions relevant to construction project management.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Indústria da Construção/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação no Emprego , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Desempenho Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , China , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Work ; 63(3): 435-446, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282452

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Progressive workplaces should be aware of emerging neurodiversity related issues. People are sharing their narratives of high functioning anxiety in a variety of forums. Despite news text reporting upon this phenomenon, the concept has managed to escape a research spotlight. OBJECTIVE: To critically investigate the evidence base of news article reporting of anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures. METHODS: Thematic analysis was applied to news texts derived from CrossSearch database and internet enquiries and journal articles obtained from Scopus, Medline and Science Direct databases. RESULTS: The analysis of eight news texts and 36 journal articles produced evidence-based themes including those of work performance strengths (quality, quantity, creativity) challenges (overreaching, perfectionism, overthinking, communication) and support measures (medical, cognitive, physical, flexibility). CONCLUSION: This investigative review reveals that anxiety-related work performance strengths, challenges and support measures as identified within news text reporting of the high functioning anxiety concept have at least some basis in the literature. It might therefore be the case that organizations who invest in supporting employees who identify with high functioning dimensions of their anxiety disorders are the ones who are ultimately rewarded with work performance advantages.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Desempenho Profissional/normas , Ansiedade/psicologia , Humanos , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/estatística & dados numéricos , Literatura de Revisão como Assunto , Desempenho Profissional/tendências
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