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1.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 35(2): 64-70, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231276

RESUMO

Antecedentes y objetivos: Las infiltraciones epidurales (IEE) constituyen una alternativa en el tratamiento del síndrome de radiculopatía lumbosacro (SRL). El objetivo de estudio es evaluar la eficacia de las IEE en la intensidad del dolor, mejora de la recuperación funcional y retorno a la actividad laboral. Material y métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo en una cohorte de 100 pacientes consecutivos remitidos a la unidad del dolor por SRL de más de 3 meses de duración. Se analizó la eficacia de las inyecciones de corticoides y anestésicos locales por diferentes vías (interlaminar, caudal y transforaminal) a los 15 días, un mes y 3 meses de la infiltración, en cuanto a la intensidad del dolor mediante la escala analógica visual (EAV), evolución del grado de discapacidad y la reincorporación laboral. Resultados: Noventa y nueve pacientes se incluyeron en el estudio. El 46,5% fueron varones y el 53,5% mujeres. La edad media fue de 57,47±11,1 años. En la mayoría (58,6%) de los casos se optó por la vía caudal, seguida de la transforaminal (23,2%), e interlaminar (18,2%). Las IEE produjeron una reducción significativa del dolor en todos los periodos estudiados (EAV: 7,78±1,5 basal; 6,2±0,9 a los 15 días; 6,3±1,2 al mes; 6,15±1,3 a los 3 meses; p<0,05). La vía de acceso más eficaz fue la transforaminal. El 70% de los pacientes en situación de incapacidad laboral retornaron a su trabajo tras el tratamiento. Discusión y conclusiones: El tratamiento mediante las IEE redujo la intensidad del dolor por SRL, mejoró la situación funcional y la reincorporación a la actividad laboral.(AU)


Backgrund and objective: Epidural infiltrations are used for treatment of low back pain and sciatica. linked to lumbar radiculopathy (lumbosacral radicular syndrome). This study evaluates the efficacy of epidural infiltration by different routes to reduce pain intensity, disability and return to work. Methods: Is a prospective observational study in one hundred consecutive patients sent to pain unit for severe lumbo-sacral radiculopaty. We analyze the efficacy on pain relief (Visual Analogue Scale) and funcional status at two weeks, one month, and three months after epidural injection of local anesthetics and esteroids with differents approachs (interlaminar, caudal and transforaminal). Results: Ninety nine patients (46.5% men, 53.5 women) were finally enrrolled in the study. Mean age was 57.47±11.1 years. The caudal approach was used in 58.6% patients, 23.2% transforaminal approach, and 18.2% interlaminar approach. A significant pain relief was found in all times studied (EAV 7.48±1.5 basal; 6.2±0,9 at 15 days; 6.3±1.2 at one month; 6.15±1.3 at 3 months, P<.05). Transforaminal approach was superior to caudal or interlaminal. Seventy percent in time off work patients returned to work after epidural inyections. Conclusions: Epidural local anesthetics with esteroids injections for lumbo-sacral radiculopathy were effective for low back pain, improved functional status and promoted return to work. Transforaminal approach is superior to others.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Anestesia Local/métodos , Anestesia Epidural/métodos , Radiculopatia/tratamento farmacológico , Manejo da Dor , Dor nas Costas/tratamento farmacológico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Neurocirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos de Coortes , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Analgesia
2.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 247, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561748

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transforaminal epidural injections with steroids (TESI) are increasingly being used in patients sciatica. The STAR (steroids against radiculopathy)-trial aimed to evaluate the (cost-) effectiveness of TESI in patients with acute sciatica (< 8 weeks). This article contains the economic evaluation of the STAR-trial. METHODS: Participants were randomized to one of three study arms: Usual Care (UC), that is oral pain medication with or without physiotherapy, n = 45); intervention group 1: UC and transforaminal epidural steroid injection (TESI) 1 ml of 0.5% Levobupivacaine and 1 ml of 40 mg/ml Methylprednisolone and intervention group 2: UC and transforaminal epidural injection (TEI) with 1 ml of 0,5% Levobupivacaine and 1 ml of 0.9% NaCl (n = 50). The primary effect measure was health-related quality of life. Secondary outcomes were pain, functioning, and recovery. Costs were measured from a societal perspective, meaning that all costs were included, irrespective of who paid or benefited. Missing data were imputed using multiple imputation, and bootstrapping was used to estimate statistical uncertainty. RESULTS: None of the between-group differences in effects were statistically significant for any of the outcomes (QALY, back pain, leg pain, functioning, and global perceived effect) at the 26-weeks follow-up. The adjusted mean difference in total societal costs was €1718 (95% confidence interval [CI]: - 3020 to 6052) for comparison 1 (intervention group 1 versus usual care), €1640 (95%CI: - 3354 to 6106) for comparison 2 (intervention group 1 versus intervention group 2), and €770 (95%CI: - 3758 to 5702) for comparison 3 (intervention group 2 versus usual care). Except for the intervention costs, none of the aggregate and disaggregate cost differences were statistically significant. The maximum probability of all interventions being cost-effective compared to the control was low (< 0.7) for all effect measures. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that adding TESI (or TEI) to usual care is not cost-effective compared to usual care in patients with acute sciatica (< 8 weeks) from a societal perspective in a Dutch healthcare setting. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Dutch National trial register: NTR4457 (March, 6th, 2014).


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Ciática , Humanos , Ciática/tratamento farmacológico , Ciática/complicações , Análise Custo-Benefício , Levobupivacaína/uso terapêutico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Qualidade de Vida , Dor nas Costas/complicações , Esteroides , Injeções Epidurais
3.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(6): 2224-2236, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38567586

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term and long-term efficacy of Mongolian medical warm acupuncture for sciatica caused by lumbar disc herniation (LDH). PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients diagnosed with sciatica caused by LDH were randomly divided into the warm acupuncture of the Mongolian medicine group (n = 42, warm acupuncture treatment), the sham acupuncture group (n = 38, sham acupuncture using blunt-tipped needles) and the conventional drug group (n = 40, ibuprofen sustained release capsule). All patients were treated for 4 weeks and followed up for 8 weeks. The visual analog scale for leg pain (VAS-LP), Mongolian medicine indicators (efficacy indicators), VAS for waist pain (VAS-WP) and the Mos 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) score were analyzed at baseline, after two-week treatment, after four-week treatment, at four-week follow-up and at eight-week follow-up. RESULTS: Warm acupuncture treatment significantly decreased the VAS-LP and VAS-WP scores of patients at treatment and follow-up (p < 0.05), and pain was improved compared to the conventional drug group and sham acupuncture group. The total effective rate was markedly higher in the warm acupuncture of the Mongolian medicine group compared with the conventional drug group at 8-week follow-up (p < 0.05), but sham acupuncture treatment resulted in no evident improvement in the Mongolian medicine indicators. Additionally, at treatment and follow-up, warm acupuncture of the Mongolian medicine group showed a significant increase in the physical function, physical role, body pain, and emotional and mental health role scores of the SF-36 survey compared with the sham acupuncture groups. CONCLUSIONS: Mongolian medical warm acupuncture effectively relieves leg and waist pain and improves the total therapeutic effect and the quality of daily life for patients with sciatica caused by LDH, with significant long-term efficacy. Our study provides a basis for warm acupuncture in the treatment of sciatica caused by LDH. Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ID: ChiCTR- INR-15007413.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Ciática , Humanos , Ciática/etiologia , Ciática/terapia , Ciática/diagnóstico , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos
4.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 171, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592538

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annulus fibrosus-endplate (AF-EP) junction lesions are important determinants for lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Utilizing biportal endoscopic spinal surgery (BESS), we introduce a novel repair method using bioabsorbable PushLock anchors with suture fibers to stretch disconnected AF tissues to the vertebral cortex. METHODS: The viewing and working portals are established to excise herniated disc materials causing radiculopathy. Through the working portal, a suture strand is passed through the intact AF tissue near the lesion and retrieved using the Suture Crossing Device. Then, the knotless suture limbs are secured into the cortical bone socket of the vertebral body with a PushLock anchor. CONCLUSION: The procedure is a simple, safe, and feasible knotless suturing technique for the treatment of LDH with AF-EP junction lesions.


Assuntos
Lesões Acidentais , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos , Coluna Vertebral
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8071, 2024 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580700

RESUMO

Over recent years, researchers and practitioners have encountered massive and continuous improvements in the computational resources available for their use. This allowed the use of resource-hungry Machine learning (ML) algorithms to become feasible and practical. Moreover, several advanced techniques are being used to boost the performance of such algorithms even further, which include various transfer learning techniques, data augmentation, and feature concatenation. Normally, the use of these advanced techniques highly depends on the size and nature of the dataset being used. In the case of fine-grained medical image sets, which have subcategories within the main categories in the image set, there is a need to find the combination of the techniques that work the best on these types of images. In this work, we utilize these advanced techniques to find the best combinations to build a state-of-the-art lumber disc herniation computer-aided diagnosis system. We have evaluated the system extensively and the results show that the diagnosis system achieves an accuracy of 98% when it is compared with human diagnosis.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Algoritmos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Computadores
6.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 267, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582848

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To identify the differences of lumbar lordosis (LL) and sacral slope (SS) angles between two types of postoperative lumbar disc re-herniation, including the recurrence of same level and adjacent segment herniation (ASH). METHODS: We searched the medical records of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) patients with re-herniation with complete imaging data (n = 58) from January 1, 2013 to December 30, 2020 in our hospital. After matching for age and sex, 58 patients with LDH without re-herniation from the same period operated by the same treatment group in our hospital were served as a control group. Re-herniation patients were divided into two groups, same-level recurrent lumbar disc herniation group (rLDHG) and adjacent segment herniation group with or without recurrence (ASHG). The preoperative, postoperative and one month after operation LL and SS were measured on standing radiographs and compared with the control group by using t-test, ANOVA, and rank-sum test. Next, we calculated the odds ratios (ORs) by unconditional logistic regression, progressively adjusted for other confounding factors. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the postoperative LL and SS were significantly lower in LDH patients with re-herniation. However, there were no differences in LL and SS between ASHG and rLDHG at any stage. After progressive adjustment for confounding factors, no matter what stage is, LL and SS remained unassociated with the two types of re-herniation. CONCLUSIONS: Low postoperative LL and SS angles are associated with degeneration of the remaining disc. Low LL and SS may be independent risk factors for re-herniation but cannot determine type of recurrence (same or adjacent disc level).


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Lordose , Humanos , Lordose/diagnóstico por imagem , Lordose/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sacro/diagnóstico por imagem , Sacro/cirurgia
7.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(4)2024 Apr 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575334

RESUMO

Lumbar radiculopathy due to impingement of nerve roots from facet hypertrophy and/or disc herniation can often coincide with vertebrogenic low back pain. This is demonstrated on MRI with foraminal stenosis and Modic changes. We examine the potential of using a combination of basivertebral nerve ablation (BVNA) and lumbar laminotomy as an alternative to traditional spinal fusion in specific patient populations. This unique combination of surgical techniques has not been previously reported in the medical literature. We report a man in his late 30s with chronic low back pain and lumbar radiculopathy, treated with BVNA and concurrent laminotomy. The patient reported progressive improvements in his mobility and pain over the next 2 years. We discuss the advantages of using this technique for lumbar radiculopathy and Modic changes compared with conventional surgical modalities.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Radiculopatia , Fusão Vertebral , Masculino , Humanos , Laminectomia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Radiculopatia/etiologia , Radiculopatia/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia
8.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7909, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575582

RESUMO

This retrospective study aimed to investigate the impact of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) on vertebral axial rotation (VAR) in the lumbar spine, focusing on both close and distant neighboring vertebrae. A total of 516 patients with LDH and an equal number of healthy individuals were included in the study, matched for age and gender. The degree of axial rotation for each lumbar spine vertebra was assessed using the Nash-Moe index. The results revealed that the prevalence of VAR in the lumbar spine was significantly higher in the LDH group compared to the Control group (65.7% vs 46.7%, P < 0.001). Among the LDH group, the L2 vertebra had the highest frequency of VAR (49.5%), followed by L1 (45.1%), and then L3 to L5 (33.6%, 8.9%, 3.1%, respectively). A similar pattern was observed in the Control group (L2, 39.8%; L1, 34.6%; L3, 23.2%; L4, 3.1%; L5, 0.8%). Furthermore, the study found that disc herniation was associated with a higher incidence of VAR not only in close neighboring vertebrae but also in distant neighboring vertebrae. This indicates that the biomechanical influence of LDH extends beyond just the immediate adjacent vertebrae. To identify potential risk factors for VAR in LDH patients, multivariate analysis was performed. The results revealed that age was an independent risk factor for VAR (OR 1.022, 95% CI [1.011, 1.034], P < 0.001). However, the duration of symptoms and presence of back pain were not found to be significant risk factors for VAR.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rotação , Prevalência , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Fatores de Risco , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
9.
J Bodyw Mov Ther ; 37: 399-403, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography (US) has been suggested to assess the morphology and function of cervical muscles; but little is known about the reliability of the US measures in patients with cervical disc herniation (CDH). The purpose of this study was to evaluate within-day inter and intra-rater and between-day intra-rater reliability of US to measure dimensions of deep cervical muscles in patients with unilateral CDH. METHODS: Thirty patients with unilateral CDH participated. Anterior-posterior and lateral dimension of longus colli (LC), multifidus (MF) and semispinalis cervicis (SC) were measured using B-mode ultrasound. The measurements were repeated by rater A 1 h (for within-day reliability) and one week (for between-day reliability) later. For inter-rater reliability, rater B performed all muscles measurements like rater A. RESULTS: Within-day reliability measurement for all muscles was good to excellent with IntraClass Correlation Coefficients (ICC) ranging from 0.82 to 0.96, standard error of measurement (SEM) from 0.18 to 0.46 and minimal detectable changes (MDC) from 0.43 to 1.09. Between-day reliability was good for all muscle dimensions with ICC ranging from 0.75 to 0.89, SEM from 0.30 to 0.64 and MDC from 0.71 to 1.52. Inter-rater reliability was also good with ICC ranging from 0.75 to 0.89, SEM from 0.34 to 0.65 and MDC from 0.81 to 1.55. CONCLUSIONS: US was demonstrated to have high within-day inter and intra-rater and between-day intra-rater reliability to measure muscles dimensions in patients with unilateral CDH. It can be used to assess deep cervical muscles or to monitor the effects of interventions.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Músculos Paraespinais , Humanos , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Transversais , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Músculos do Pescoço/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia
10.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 174, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454457

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether the number of pregnancies contributes to the development of chronic lower back pain, worsening the lumbar disc degeneration and altering the normal lumbar sagittal balance. MATERIAL METHOD: There are 134 ladies participated in this study. They are divided into two groups based on their number of pregnancies (parity). All patients with chronic back pain were assessed using a visual analog scale for pain and the Oswestry Disability Index for their functional status assessment. Degenerative signs in lumbar MRI, which are Modic changes and the presence of Schmorl's node, were evaluated. Besides that, the sagittal balance of the lumbar spine was also measured via an erect lumbar plain radiograph. RESULTS: Patients with parities < 5 were included in Group 1, and those with parities ≥ 5 in Group 2. The mean visual analog scale score of Group 2 was significantly higher than that of Group 1 (8.42 ± 1.34 vs.6.50 ± 1.61). The mean Oswestry Disability Index score in Group 2 was significantly higher than that of Group 1 (29.87 ± 6.75 vs.18.41 ± 7.97). This relationship between the groups in terms of Modic change was statistically significant. The relationship between the groups regarding the presence of Schmorl's nodes was also statistically significant. The difference between the groups in terms of sagittal balance parameters was not statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Chronic lower back pain is significantly worse and associated with more disability in patients with more than five previous pregnancies. MRI degenerative changes are also significantly higher in these grand multipara groups.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Gravidez , Feminino , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Região Lombossacral , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem
11.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(2): 159-65, 2024 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38425067

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the residual of lumbago and leg pain with contained type (CT) and non-contained type (NCT) lumbar disc herniation (LDH) after transforaminal endoscopic treatment, and to explore the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) and transient receptor potential vanillate 1(TRPV1) pathway. METHODS: A total of 68 single-segment LDH patients were selected from July 2021 to October 2022, including 44 males and 24 females;aged 26 to 67 years old with an average of(43.63±11.94) years old;course of disease was 4 to 36 (18.91±10.34) months;body mass index was (24.45±4.00) kg·m-2;there were 7 cases of L3,4 segments, 32 cases of L4,5 segments, and 29 cases of L5S1 segments. All of them were performed with percutaneous intervertebral endoscopic extraction of nucleus pulposus and were divided into contained group(CT group) and non-contained group (NCT group) with 34 cases respectively according to the integrity of outer layer of fibrous annulus observed during operation. A total of 17 patients who underwent open surgery for scoliosis or vertebral fracture were selected as control group, including 12 males and 5 females;aged 21 to 65 years old with an average of (39.41±12.80) years old;body mass index was (24.86±4.11) kg·m-2. The relative mRNA expression quantity of HIF-1α, TRPV1 in nucleus pulposus were measured by quantitative real-time PCR. The contents of neurokinin 1 receptor (NK1R), nerve growth factor (NGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in nucleus pulposus and the serum substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were detected by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The threshold of lumbar tenderness was detected by a pressure pain meter. The degree of lumbago and lumbar function were evaluated by visual analog scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) separately. The residual rate of postoperative lumbago and leg pain was assessed. RESULTS: The mRNA relative expression quantity of HIF-1α and TRPV1, and the contents of NK1R, NGF and VEGF in nucleus pulposus, and the levels of serum SP and CGRP before surgery in the NCT group were higher than those in the CT group(P<0.05), and those in the CT group were higher than the control group(P<0.05). At day 7 after surgery, the serum SP and CGRP levels, lumbago and leg pain VAS scores and lumbar ODI index in two LDH groups were lower than before surgery (P<0.05), and those in the NCT group were higher than the CT group(P<0.05), and the threshold of lumbar tenderness in the NCT group was lower than the CT group(P<0.05). The differences of lumbago and leg pain VAS scores, lumbar ODI index and lumbar tenderness threshold between preoperative and postoperative 7 days in the NCT group were lower than those in the CT group(P<0.05). The residual rate of lumbago and leg pain at 7 days after surgery in the NCT group was higher than that in the CT group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: HIF-1α and TRPV1 pathway promoted the excessive production of NGF, VEGF, NK1R in nucleus pulposus and serum neuropeptides SP and CGRP, which may lead to the higher residual rate of lumbago and leg pain with non-contained lumbar disc herniation postoperative.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Adulto Jovem , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular , Perna (Membro)/cirurgia , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Fator de Crescimento Neural , Resultado do Tratamento , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Endoscopia , RNA Mensageiro
12.
BMJ Open ; 14(3): e078459, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38471686

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of high-quality evidence supporting surgical treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH) on healthcare practice in the Netherlands by examining changes in healthcare utilisation, including the timing of surgery, and the healthcare costs for patients with LDH. DESIGN: A retrospective, cross-sectional study was performed using population-based, longitudinal data obtained from the Dutch Healthcare Authority (2007-2020) and NIVEL's primary care (2012-2020) administrative databases. SETTING: The study was conducted within the healthcare system of the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: We included adults (≥18 years) who visited a Dutch hospital or a general practitioner (GP) for lumbar degenerative disc disease. Patients with LDH were identified based on registered diagnosis code, type of surgery (discectomy) and age (<56 years). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome measure was the difference in the annual number of LDH procedures following the publication of evidence-based guidelines in 2009 (comparing the periods 2007-2009 to 2017-2019). Secondary outcome measures focused on the timing of surgery and associated healthcare costs. To validate the outcomes, secondary outcomes also include the number of discectomies and the number of procedures in the younger age group (discectomies, laminectomies, and fusion surgery). RESULTS: The number of patients suffering from LDH increased from 55 581 to 68 997 (+24%) between 2007 and 2019. A decrease was observed in the annual number of LDH procedures (-18%), in the number of discectomies (-22%) and in the number of procedures for patients aged <56 years (-18%). This resulted in lower healthcare costs by €10.5 million annually. In 2012, 31% of all patients <56 years had surgery before 12 weeks from diagnosis at the GP, whereas 20% did in 2019. CONCLUSIONS: Healthcare utilisation for LDH changed tremendously in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2020 and seemed to be associated with the publication and implementation of evidence-based guidelines. The observed decrease in the number of procedures has been accompanied by a corresponding reduction in healthcare costs. These findings underscore the importance of adhering to evidence-based guidelines to optimise the management of patients with LDH.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Ciática , Adulto , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Países Baixos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Discotomia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 166(1): 135, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38472445

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A transthoracic anterior or lateral approach for giant thoracic disc herniations is a complex operation which requires optimal exposure and maximal visualisation. Traditional metal rigid retractors may inflict significant skin trauma especially with prolonged operative use and limit the working angles of endoscopic instrumentation at depth. We pioneer the use of the Alexis retractor in transthoracic thoracoscopically assisted discectomy for the first time. METHODS: The authors describe and demonstrate the technical use of the Alexis retractor during operative cases. Patient positioning, clinical rationale and operative nuances are elucidated for readers to gain an appreciation of the transthoracic approach to thoracic disc herniations. RESULTS: The advantages of the Alexis retractor include minimally invasive circumferential flexible retraction, facilitation of bimanual instrument use, diminished risk of surgical site infections and reduced rib retraction leading to less postoperative pain. CONCLUSION: Use of the flexible and intuitive Alexis retractor maximises operative exposure and is an effective adjunct when performing complex transthoracic approaches for thoracic disc herniations.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Discotomia , Endoscopia , Microcirurgia , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia
14.
J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) ; 32(1): 10225536241238638, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38479435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a common spinal disease that can cause severe radicular pain. Massage, also known as Tuina in Chinese, has been indicated to exert an analgesic effect in patients with LDH. Nonetheless, the mechanism underlying this effect of massage on LDH remains unclarified. METHODS: Forty Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups. A rat LDH model was established by autologous nucleus pulpous (NP) implantation, followed by treatment with or without massage. A toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) antagonist TAK-242 was administrated to rats for blocking TLR4. Behavioral tests were conducted to examine rat mechanical and thermal sensitivities. Western blotting was employed for determining TLR4 and NLRP3 inflammasome-associated protein levels in the spinal dorsal horn (SDH). Immunofluorescence staining was implemented for estimating the microglial marker Iba-1 expression in rat SDH tissue. RESULTS: NP implantation induced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in rat ipsilateral hindpaws and activated TLR4/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling transduction in the ipsilateral SDH. Massage therapy or TAK-242 administration relieved NP implantation-triggered pain behaviors in rats. Massage or TAK-242 hindered microglia activation and blocked TLR4/NLRP3 inflammasome activation in ipsilateral SDH of LDH rats. CONCLUSION: Massage ameliorates LDH-related radicular pain in rats by suppressing microglia activation and TLR4/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling transduction.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Sulfonamidas , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/terapia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Inflamassomos , Receptor 4 Toll-Like , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR , Dor , Hiperalgesia/metabolismo , Massagem
16.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 28(4): 1407-1416, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38436174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the effects of total intravenous anesthesia (propofol), volatile anesthesia (desflurane), and spinal anesthesia on intraocular pressure (IOP) during lumbar disc herniation surgery in the prone position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted between January 2022 and January 2023. The study included 75 patients with lumbar disc herniation between the ages of 18-75, with the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) 1-2. The patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: propofol, desflurane, and spinal. IOP was measured at 5-time points throughout surgery, including baseline (T1), 10 minutes after anesthesia (T2), 10 minutes after prone positioning (T3: early prone), 30 minutes after prone positioning (T4: late prone), and 10 minutes after returning to the supine position (T5). Hemodynamic parameters were measured at these time points. Hemoglobin and hematocrit values were measured preoperatively and on the first postoperative day. RESULTS: There were 25 patients in each group. The groups were similar in terms of all characteristics except for weight and body mass index, which were lower in the spinal group. Propofol recipients had significantly higher T3 (prone) IOP compared to desflurane recipients (p = 0.001). We found no significant differences between groups in terms of T1, T2, T4, and T5 IOP. Multivariable linear regression revealed that diabetes mellitus (p = 0.016) and high T1 IOP (p = 0.001) were independently associated with higher T3 IOP. In addition, we found that the desflurane (p < 0.001) and spinal (p = 0.002) groups had significantly lower T3 IOP compared to propofol recipients after adjusting for diabetes mellitus and T1 IOP. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that volatile anesthesia (desflurane) and spinal anesthesia are linked to lower IOP in the prone position among patients undergoing spinal surgery, in comparison to those receiving total intravenous anesthesia. There is a need to test the results with more comprehensive, population-based studies in different patient groups. ClinicalTrials gov ID: NCT06070480.


Assuntos
Raquianestesia , Diabetes Mellitus , Oftalmopatias , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Propofol , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Pressão Intraocular , Desflurano , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia
17.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 6430, 2024 03 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38499726

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that lumbar disc herniation (LDH) influences sexual function to a great deal. However, most existing studies have been conducted on men. Thus, the current study aimed to assess sexual function and its correlates in women with acute LDH. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 350 women of reproductive age with acute LDH in Fasa, Iran in 2023. The mean score of female sexual function was 21.33 (3.38). Almost 80% of women had sexual dysfunction. Women scored lower on sexual desire and the higher on lubrication. As the severity of LDH increased, arousal, lubrication and sexual pain score decreased and low back pain (LBP) score increased (p < 0.05). The number of sexual activities after disc herniation was significantly lower in the women with sexual dysfunction (p < 0.001). Regression analysis showed a significant association between sexual dysfunction and LBP intensity (OR = 1.13, CI 1.02-1.26, p = 0.01) and lumbar disc herniation intensity (OR = 2.22, CI 1.07-4.62, p = 0.03). Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) may significantly affect women's sexual function. Severity of low back pain and severity of lumbar disc herniation were found to be risk factors for sexual dysfunction in this population.


Assuntos
Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/complicações , Estudos Transversais , Dor Lombar/complicações , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Comportamento Sexual , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/epidemiologia , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Vértebras Lombares
18.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(3): 222-7, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical outcomes and bone resection of interlaminar fenestration decompression and unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) technique in treating lumbar disc herniation(LDH). METHODS: A retrospective study was performed on 105 patients with single-level LDH treated from December 2019 to December 2021. Fifty-four patients in UBE group,including 32 males and 22 females,aged from 18 to 50 years old with an average of(38.7±9.3) years old,were treated with UBE,29 patients with L4,5 and 25 patients with L5S1. There were 51 patients in small fenestration group,including 27 males and 24 females,aged from 18 to 50 years old with an average of (39.9±10.0) years old,were treated with small fenestration,25 patients with L4,5 and 26 patients with L5S1. Perioperative indexes,such as operation time,postoperative time of getting out of bed and hospital stay were observed and compared between two groups. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were compared between two groups before operation and 1,3,6 and 12 months after operation,respectively;and modified MacNab evaluation criteria was used to evaluate clinical efficacy. Amount of bone resection and retention rate of inferior articular process laminoid complex were compared between two groups. RESULTS: All 105 patients were successfully completed operation. Both of two groups were followed up from 6 to 12 months with an average of (10.69±2.49) months. Operation time,postoperative time of getting out of bed and hospital stay were (58.20±5.54) min,(2.40±0.57) d and (3.80±0.61) d in UBE group,and (62.90±7.14) min,(4.40±0.64) d and (4.40±0.64) d in small fenestrum group,respectively;and had statistically difference between two groups(P<0.05). Postoperative VAS of low back and leg pain and ODI in both groups were significantly lower than those before surgery (P<0.05). VAS of lumbar pain in UBE group (1.37±0.49) score was lower than that of small fenestration group (2.45±0.64) score,and had statistically difference (t=9.745,P<0.05). Postoperative ODI in UBE group at 1 and 3 months were (28.54±3.31) % and (22.87±3.23) %,respectively,which were lower than those in small fenestra group (36.31±9.08) % and (29.90±8.36) %,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in VAS and ODI between two groups at other time points (P>0.05). According to the modified MacNab evaluation criteria at the latest follow-up,49 patients got excellent result,3 good,and 2 fair in UBE group. In small fenestration group,35 patients got excellent,12 good,and 4 fair. In UBE group,amount of bone resection on L4,5 segment was (0.45±0.08) cm3 and (0.31±0.08) cm3 on the segment of L5S1. In small fenestration group,amount of bone resection on L4,5 segment was (0.57±0.07) cm3 and (0.49±0.04) cm3 on the segment of L5S1,and amount of bone resection of lower articular process laminar complex on the same segment in UBE group was less than that in small fenestration group (P<0.05). In UBE group,retention rate of laminoid complex on L4,5 segment was (0.73±0.04) and L5S1 segment was (0.83±0.03),while L4,5 segment was(0.68±0.06) and L5S1 segment was (0.74±0.04) in small fenestration group,the lower articular process laminar complex retention rate in UBE group was higher than that in small fenestration group(P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Both unilateral double-channel endoscopy and small fenestration of laminae could achieve good clinical results in treating LDH,but UBE has advantages of less trauma,higher efficiency,faster postoperative recovery and less damage to bone structure.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Discotomia Percutânea/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Endoscopia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(3): 228-34, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical efficacy and complication rate of percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal discectomy(PETD),percutaneous endoscopic interlaminar discectomy (PEID) and unilateral biportal endoscopic (UBE) in treating single-segment lumbar disc herniation(LDH). METHODS: From October 2019 to August 2021,121 LDH patients with single-segment treated by spinal endoscopy were retrospectively analyzed and divided into three groups. In PETD group,there were 48 patients,including 19 males and 29 females,aged from 18 to 72 years old with an average of (44.0±13.9) years old;3 patients with L3,4 segments,27 patients with L4,5 segments,and 18 patients with L5S1 segments. In PEID group,there were 43 patients,including 23 males and 20 females,aged from 20 to 69 years old with an average of (40.1±12.1) years old;1 patient with L3,4 segments,15 patients with L4,5 segments,and 27 patients with L5S1 segments. In UBE group,there were 30 patients,including 12 males and 18 females,aged from 29 to 72 years old with an average of (41.2±15.0) years old;1 patient with L3,4 segments,18 patients with L4,5 segments,and 11 patients with L5S1 segments. Operation time,blood loss,fluoroscopy times and complications among three groups were observed and compared. Before opertaion,3 months after operation and at the latest follow-up,visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to evaluate low back pain and lower extremity pain,Oswestry disfunction index (ODI) was used to evaluate lumbar function,and modified MacNab was used to evaluate clinical efficacy at the latest follow-up. RESULTS: All patients were performed endoscopic spinal surgery completly and were followed up for at least 12 months. One patient occurred dural sac rupture both in PETD and PEID group,and dural sac rupture was small,and there was no obvious discomfort after operation. Two patients were occurred intraoperative rupture of dural sac in UBE group. One patient was occurred cerebrospinal fluid leakage after operation,and was improved after rest in supine position and fluid rehydration. One patient without no significant postoperative discomfort. (1)There were no significant difference in operating time,blood loss and hospital stay between PETD and PEID group (P>0.05),while UBE group was higher than those of PETD and PEID group (P<0.05). There was no statistical significance in fluoroscopy times between PEID and UBE group (P>0.05),but PETD group was higher than that of PEID and UBE group (P<0.05). (2)VAS of low back pain at 3 months after operation in UBE group was higher than that in PETD and PEID group (P<0.05),but there was no significant difference between PETD and PEID group (P>0.05). At the latest follow-up,there was no significant difference in VAS of low back pain among three groups (P>0.05). (3)Lower extremity pain of VAS and ODI among 3 groups after operation were significantly improved at all time points compared with those before opertaion(P<0.05),and there were no statistical significance between groups (P>0.05),and there were no statistical significance in interaction between different time points and operation groups (P>0.05). (4) At the latest follow-up,according to the modified MacNab standard,the results of PETD group were excellent in 27 patients,good in 16 patients,moderate in 4 patients,poor in 1 patient;in PEID group,27 patients got excellent result,12 good,3 moderate,and 1 poor;in UBE group,16 patients got excellent,10 good,2 moderate,and 2 poor. There was no significant difference among three groups (χ2=0.308,P>0.05). Recurrence of lumbar disc herniation occurred in 1 patient among each three groups,symptoms were improved in 2 patients after symptomatic treatment,and 1 patient was treated in other hospitals. CONCLUSION: PETD,PEID and UBE techniques could achieve good early clinical effects in treating lumbar disc herniation with similar complication rates. Both of PETD and PEID are single-channel minimally invasive surgery,with mild intraoperative tissue damage and quick postoperative recovery; while intraoperative fluoroscopy of PETD was relatively more frequent, and PEID was more suitable for L5S1 segment;UBE is a two-channel surgery,in which the intraoperative soft tissue damage is more severe,but exposure is broad,which is more suitable for complex cases.


Assuntos
Discotomia Percutânea , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Masculino , Feminino , Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/etiologia , Dor Lombar/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Endoscopia/efeitos adversos , Endoscopia/métodos , Discotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
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