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1.
Med Eng Phys ; 126: 104147, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38621839

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Two main problems examining the mechanism of cancer progression in the tissues using the computational models are lack of enough knowledge on the effective factors for such events in vivo environments and lack of specific parameters in the available computational models to simulate such complicated reactions. METHODS: In this study, it was tried to simulate the progression of cancerous lesions in the bone tissues by an independent parameter from the anatomical and physiological characteristics of the tissues, so to degrade the orthotropic mechanical properties of the bone tissues, a virtual temperature was determined to be used by a well-known framework for simulation of damages in the composite materials. First, the reliability of the FE model to simulate hyperelastic response in the intervertebral discs (IVDs) and progressive failure in the bony components were verified by simulation of some In-Vitro tests, available in the literature. Then, the progression of the osteolytic damage was simulated in a clinical case with multiple myeloma in the lumbar vertebrae. RESULTS: The FE model could simulate stress-shielding and diffusion of lesion in the posterior elements of the damaged vertebra which led to spinal stenosis. The load carrying shares associated with the anterior half and the posterior half of the examined vertebral body and the posterior elements were estimated equal to 41 %, 47 % and 12 %, respectively for the intact condition, that changed to 14 %, 16 % and 70 %, when lesion occupied one third of the vertebral body. CONCLUSION: Correlation of the FE results with the deformation shapes, observed in the MRIs for the clinical case study, indicated appropriateness of the procedure, proposed for simulation of the progressive osteolytic damage in the vertebral segments. The future studies may follow simulation of tumor growth for various metastatic tissues using the method, established here.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Mieloma Múltiplo , Humanos , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Mieloma Múltiplo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Simulação por Computador
2.
J Biomech ; 167: 112068, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582004

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration includes changes in tissue biomechanics, physical attributes, biochemical composition, disc microstructure, and cellularity, which can all affect the normal function of the IVD, and ultimately may lead to pain. The purpose of this research was to develop an in-vitro model of degeneration that includes the evaluation of physical, biomechanical, and structural parameters, and that does so over several load/recovery periods. Hyperphysiological loading was used as the degenerative initiator with three experimental groups employed using bovine coccygeal IVD specimens: Control; Single-Overload; and Double-Overload. An equilibrium stage comprising a static load followed by two load/recovery periods was followed by six further load/recovery periods. In the Control group all load/recovery periods were the same, comprising physiological cyclic loading. The overload groups differed in that hyperphysiological loading was applied during the 4th loading period (Single-Overload), or the 4th and 5th loading period (Double-Overload). Overloading led to a significant reduction in disc height compared to the Control group, which was not recovered in subsequent physiological load/recovery periods. However, there were no significant changes in stiffness. Overloading also led to significantly more microstructural damage compared to the Control group. Taking all outcome measures into account, the overload groups were evaluated as replicating clinically relevant aspects of moderate IVD degeneration. Further research into a potential dose-effect, and how more severe degeneration can be replicated would provide a model with the potential to evaluate new treatments and interventions for different stages of IVD degeneration.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Bovinos , Humanos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Exame Físico , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia
3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 19(1): 227, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is the standard procedure for the treatment of cervical spinal stenosis (CSS), but complications such as adjacent segment degeneration can seriously affect the long-term efficacy. Currently, posterior endoscopic surgery has been increasingly used in the clinical treatment of CSS. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of single-segment CSS patients who underwent full endoscopic laminotomy decompression or ACDF. METHODS: 138 CSS patients who met the inclusion criteria from June 2018 to August 2020 were retrospectively analyzed and divided into endoscopic and ACDF groups. The propensity score matching (PSM) method was used to adjust the imbalanced confounding variables between the groups. Then, perioperative data were recorded and clinical outcomes were compared, including functional scores and imaging data. Functional scores included Visual Analog Scale of Arms (A-VAS) and Neck pain (N-VAS), Japanese Orthopedic Association score (JOA), Neck Disability Index (NDI), and imaging data included Disc Height Index (DHI), Cervical range of motion (ROM), and Ratio of grey scale (RVG). RESULTS: After PSM, 84 patients were included in the study and followed for 24-30 months. The endoscopic group was significantly superior to the ACDF group in terms of operative time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, and hospital stay (P < 0.001). Postoperative N-VAS, A-VAS, JOA, and NDI were significantly improved in both groups compared with the preoperative period (P < 0.001), and the endoscopic group showed better improvement at 7 days postoperatively (P < 0.05). The ROM changes of adjacent segments were significantly larger in the ACDF group at 12 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up (P < 0.05). The RVG of adjacent segments showed a decreasing trend, and the decrease was more marked in the ACDF group at last follow-up (P < 0.05). According to the modified MacNab criteria, the excellent and good rates in the endoscopic group and ACDF group were 90.48% and 88.10%, respectively, with no statistically significant difference (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Full endoscopic laminotomy decompression is demonstrated to be an efficacious alternative technique to traditional ACDF for the treatment of single-segment CSS, with the advantages of less trauma, faster recovery, and less impact on cervical spine kinematics and adjacent segmental degeneration.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Estenose Espinal , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Laminectomia , Estenose Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Estenose Espinal/complicações , Resultado do Tratamento , Seguimentos , Pontuação de Propensão , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Discotomia/métodos , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Descompressão
4.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 249, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561725

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study investigated the role of Galectin-3 in the degeneration of intervertebral disc cartilage. METHODS: The patients who underwent lumbar spine surgery due to degenerative disc disease were recruited and divided into Modic I, Modic II, and Modic III; groups. HE staining was used to detect the pathological changes in endplates. The changes of Galectin-3, MMP3, Aggrecan, CCL3, and Col II were detected by immunohistochemistry, RT-PCR, and Western blot. MTT and flow cytometry were used to detect cartilage endplate cell proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis. RESULTS: With the progression of degeneration (from Modic I to III), the chondrocytes and density of the cartilage endplate of the intervertebral disc decreased, and the collagen arrangement of the cartilage endplate of the intervertebral disc was broken and calcified. Meanwhile, the expressions of Aggrecan, Col II, Galectin-3, Aggrecan, and CCL3 gradually decreased. After treatment with Galectin-3 inhibitor GB1107, the proliferation of rat cartilage end plate cells was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). GB1107 (25 µmol/L) also significantly promoted the apoptosis of cartilage endplate cells (P < 0.05). Moreover, the percentage of cartilage endplate cells in the G1 phase was significantly higher, while that in the G2 and S phases was significantly lower (P < 0.05). Additionally, the mRNA and protein expression levels of MMP3, CCL3, and Aggrecan in rat cartilage end plate cells were lower than those in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: Galectin-3 decreases with the progression of the cartilage endplate degeneration of the intervertebral disc. Galectin-3 may affect intervertebral disc degeneration by regulating the degradation of the extracellular matrix.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Agrecanas/genética , Agrecanas/metabolismo , Cartilagem/metabolismo , Galectina 3/genética , Galectina 3/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz
5.
Zhongguo Gu Shang ; 37(3): 281-7, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38515416

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Mobile artificial lumbar complex (MALC) which suitable for reconstruction after subtotal lumbar resection in goats was developed,and to test stability of the complex and postoperative lumbar segmental motor function. METHODS: Eighteen male boer goats aged from 1 to 2 years old (weighted from 35 to 45 kg) were selected and divided into control group,fusion group and non-fusion group,with 6 goats in each group. According to preoperative CT scans and MRI examinations of lumbar,the goat MALC was designed and performed by 3D printed for non-fusion group. Operation was performed on three groups respectively,and only vertebral body and disc were exposed in control group. In fusion group,L4 part of vertebral body and the upper and lower complete disc tissues were removed,and the lumbar spine bone plate fixation was performed with titanium mesh bone grafting. In non-fusion group,vertebral body and disc were removed in the same way,and MALC was implanted. AP and lateral X-rays of lumbar vertebrae in goat were taken at 6 months after surgery,in order to understand whether the plant was dislocated,displaced and fractured. Biomechanical tests were performed on the specimens by mechanical instrument to measure range of motion (ROM) of L2,3,L3,4,L4,5 intervertebral space and the overall ROM of L2-5 lumbar vertebrae. RESULTS: MALC of lumbar vertebra was designed by 3D printing,and its component artificial vertebrae and upper and lower artificial end plates were manufactured. The semi-spherical structure was fabricated by precision lathe using high-crosslinked polyethylene material,and the prosthesis was assembled. Postoperative AP and lateral X-rays of lumbar vertebra at 6 months showed the implant position of implant and MALC were good without displacement and dislocation. In vitro biomechanical test of lumbar vertebrae specimens:(1) There were no statistical significance in ROM of lumbar intervertebral space flexion and extension,lateral flexion and rotation on L3,4 and L4,5,between non-fusion group and control group (P>0.05),while ROM of fusion group was significantly reduced compared with the other two groups (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in ROM of L2,3 intervertebral flexion and extension,lateral flexion and rotation between non-fusion group and control group (P>0.05),while fusion group was significantly increased compared with the other two groups (P<0.001). (2) There was no significant difference in overall lumbar ROM of L2-5 (P> 0.05). CONCLUSION: The individual MALC could restore intervertebral height of lumbar vertebra while maintaining the stability of lumbar vertebra and re-establishing motor function of lumbar space.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Animais , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cabras , Próteses e Implantes , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Transplante Ósseo
6.
Mol Med ; 30(1): 44, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is one of the etiologic factors of degenerative spinal diseases, which can lead to a variety of pathological spinal conditions such as disc herniation, spinal stenosis, and scoliosis. IVDD is a leading cause of lower back pain, the prevalence of which increases with age. Recently, Sirtuins/SIRTs and their related activators have received attention for their activity in the treatment of IVDD. In this paper, a comprehensive systematic review of the literature on the role of SIRTs and their activators on IVDD in recent years is presented. The molecular pathways involved in the regulation of IVDD by SIRTs are summarized, and the effects of SIRTs on senescence, inflammatory responses, oxidative stress, and mitochondrial dysfunction in myeloid cells are discussed with a view to suggesting possible solutions for the current treatment of IVDD. PURPOSE: This paper focuses on the molecular mechanisms by which SIRTs and their activators act on IVDD. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in Pubmed and Web of Science databases over a 13-year period from 2011 to 2024 for the terms "SIRT", "Sirtuin", "IVDD", "IDD", "IVD", "NP", "Intervertebral disc degeneration", "Intervertebral disc" and "Nucleus pulposus". RESULTS: According to the results, SIRTs and a large number of activators showed positive effects against IVDD.SIRTs modulate autophagy, myeloid apoptosis, oxidative stress and extracellular matrix degradation. In addition, they attenuate inflammatory factor-induced disc damage and maintain homeostasis during disc degeneration. Several clinical studies have reported the protective effects of some SIRTs activators (e.g., resveratrol, melatonin, honokiol, and 1,4-dihydropyridine) against IVDD. CONCLUSION: The fact that SIRTs and their activators play a hundred different roles in IVDD helps to better understand their potential to develop further treatments for IVDD. NOVELTY: This review summarizes current information on the mechanisms of action of SIRTs in IVDD and the challenges and limitations of translating their basic research into therapy.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Núcleo Pulposo , Sirtuínas , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Sirtuínas/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia
7.
Zh Vopr Neirokhir Im N N Burdenko ; 88(2): 112-118, 2024.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38549418

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze available literature data on the role of genetic factors in degenerative disc disease. METHODOLOGY: We reviewed the PubMed, MEDLINE, Cohrane Library, e-Library databases using the following keywords: degenerative spine lesions, intervertebral disc herniation, pathogenesis, genetic regulation. RESULTS: Searching depth was 2002-2022. We reviewed 84 references. Exclusion criteria: duplicate publications, reviews without detailed description of results, opinions. Finally, we included 43 the most significant studies. CONCLUSION: There are literature data on proinflammatory cytokines, growth factors and osteodestructive processes in pathogenesis of degenerative disc disease. However, there is only fragmentary information about the role of genetic regulation of these processes. Some factors, such as microRNA, TGF-b, VEGF, MMP are still poorly understood.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , MicroRNAs , Humanos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo
8.
Eur J Med Res ; 29(1): 196, 2024 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38528617

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is a major cause of morbidity and disability. Our study aimed to investigate the potential of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP) and ADAMTS7 (A disintegrin and metalloproteinases with thrombospondin motifs 7) as biomarkers for IVDD together with their functional relationship. METHODS: IVD tissues and peripheral blood samples were collected from IVDD rabbit models over 1-4 weeks. Tissues and blood samples were also collected from clinical patients those were stratified into four equal groups according to Pfirrmann IVDD grading (I-V) with baseline data collected for each participant. COMP and ADAMTS7 expression were analyzed and biomarker characteristics were assessed using linear regression and receiver operating curve (ROC) analyses. RESULTS: COMP and ADAMTS7 expression increased in tissues and serum during IVDD progression. Serum COMP (sCOMP) and serum ADAMTS7 (sADAMTS7) levels increased in a time-dependent manner following IVD damage in the rabbit model while significant positive correlations were detected between sCOMP and sADAMTS7 and Pfirrmann grade in human subjects. ROC analysis showed that combining sCOMP and sADAMTS7 assay results produced an improved diagnostic measure for IVDD compared to individual sCOMP or sADAMTS7 tests. In vitro assays conducted on human cell isolates revealed that COMP prevented extracellular matrix degradation and antagonized ADAMTS7 expression although this protective role was uncoupled under microenvironmental conditions mimicking IVDD. CONCLUSIONS: Increases in circulating COMP and ADAMTS7 correlate with IVDD progression and may play regulatory roles. Assays for sCOMP and/or sADAMTS7 levels can discriminate between healthy subjects and IVDD patients, warranting further clinical assessment.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Animais , Humanos , Coelhos , Proteína ADAMTS7 , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Proteína de Matriz Oligomérica de Cartilagem/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico
9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 214, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38481194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration and sarcopenia are both age-related diseases without effective treatments. Their comorbidities may worsen the prognosis, and further studies on interaction and therapy are needed. The purpose of the study was to investigate the prevalence of sarcopenia in intervertebral disc degeneration, and to compare the characteristics of intervertebral disc degeneration with and without sarcopenia and effects of interferential current. METHODS: One hundred twenty disc degeneration patients were included from 2021 to 2022 in a single institute. Medical records, examination results and radiological reports were reviewed. Patients with sarcopenia were screened and grouped according to Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia 2019. VAS, ODI, SARC-F, SMI, gait speed (GS), grip strength, disc Pfirrmann grading, standard cross-sectional area (SCSA), degree of fatty infiltration (DFF), and nerve conduction velocity (NCV) were assessed before and after treatment. RESULTS: The prevalence of sarcopenia in intervertebral disc degeneration was 28.3%. The difference of VAS, ODI, disc Pfirrmann grading, SCSA, DFF and NCV between two groups were significant before intervention (P < 0.05), SCSA and DFF were related to the degree of disc degeneration. The improvement of SMI, GS, grip strength, VAS, SARC-F and ODI in intervertebral disc degeneration with sarcopenia group was significant after intervention, as well as SMI, GS, grip strength, VAS and ODI in those without sarcopenia (P < 0.05). The improvement of grip strength, GS, ODI and SARC-F in intervertebral disc degeneration with sarcopenia group were greater than the one without sarcopenia (P < 0.05), whereas there was no significance in improvement degree of other indicators between the two groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of sarcopenia was high in intervertebral disc degeneration, and paravertebral muscles degeneration correlated with the degree of disc degeneration. Compared to those without sarcopenia, intervertebral disc degeneration patients with sarcopenia have more severe pain, poorer mobility and neurological function. Interferential current is effective in intervertebral disc degeneration patients and sarcopenia patients.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Sarcopenia , Humanos , Idoso , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcopenia/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcopenia/epidemiologia , Vértebras Lombares , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 15(1): 75, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38475906

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Annulus fibrosis (AF) defects have been identified as the primary cause of disc herniation relapse and subsequent disc degeneration following discectomy. Stem cell-based tissue engineering offers a promising approach for structural repair. Menstrual blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MenSCs), a type of adult stem cell, have gained attention as an appealing source for clinical applications due to their potential for structure regeneration, with ease of acquisition and regardless of ethical issues. METHODS: The differential potential of MenSCs cocultured with AF cells was examined by the expression of collagen I, SCX, and CD146 using immunofluorescence. Western blot and ELISA were used to examine the expression of TGF-ß and IGF-I in coculture system. An AF defect animal model was established in tail disc of Sprague-Dawley rats (males, 8 weeks old). An injectable gel containing MenSCs (about 1*106/ml) was fabricated and transplanted into the AF defects immediately after the animal model establishment, to evaluate its repairment properties. Disc degeneration was assessed via magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and histological staining. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed to assess the expression of aggrecan, MMP13, TGF-ß and IGF-I in discs with different treatments. Apoptosis in the discs was evaluated using TUNEL, caspase3, and caspase 8 immunofluorescence staining. RESULTS: Coculturing MenSCs with AF cells demonstrated ability to express collagen I and biomarkers of AF cells. Moreover, the coculture system presented upregulation of the growth factors TGF-ß and IGF-I. After 12 weeks, discs treated with MenSCs gel exhibited significantly lower Pffirrmann scores (2.29 ± 0.18), compared to discs treated with MenSCs (3.43 ± 0.37, p < 0.05) or gel (3.71 ± 0.29, p < 0.01) alone. There is significant higher MR index in disc treated with MenSCs gel than that treated with MenSCs (0.51 ± 0.05 vs. 0.24 ± 0.04, p < 0.01) or gel (0.51 ± 0.05 vs. 0.26 ± 0.06, p < 0.01) alone. Additionally, MenSCs gel demonstrated preservation of the structure of degenerated discs, as indicated by histological scoring (5.43 ± 0.43 vs. 9.71 ± 1.04 in MenSCs group and 10.86 ± 0.63 in gel group, both p < 0.01), increased aggrecan expression, and decreased MMP13 expression in vivo. Furthermore, the percentage of TUNEL and caspase 3-positive cells in the disc treated with MenSCs Gel was significantly lower than those treated with gel alone and MenSCs alone. The expression of TGF-ß and IGF-I was higher in discs treated with MenSCs gel or MenSCs alone than in those treated with gel alone. CONCLUSION: MenSCs embedded in collagen I gel has the potential to preserve the disc structure and prevent disc degeneration after discectomy, which was probably attributed to the paracrine of growth factors of MenSCs.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Masculino , Ratos , Animais , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Insulin-Like I/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 13 da Matriz , Agrecanas/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Discotomia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
11.
Rev Med Suisse ; 20(865): 526-532, 2024 Mar 13.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482757

RESUMO

For several decades now, chronic spinal pain has been one of the most prevalent health problems in virtually every country in the world. Although most scientific research has focused on the intervertebral disc, this has unfortunately not yet led to truly effective treatments. Fortunately, other groups have resolutely tackled this challenge by adopting a complexity-based perspective, paving the way for the emergence of promising new therapeutic approaches.


Depuis plusieurs décennies, les pathologies rachidiennes occupent une place prépondérante parmi les problèmes de santé les plus prévalents dans pratiquement tous les pays du monde. Bien que la majeure partie de la recherche scientifique se concentre sur le disque intervertébral, cela n'a malheureusement pas encore conduit à des traitements véritablement efficaces. Heureusement, d'autres groupes se sont résolument attaqués à ce défi en adoptant une perspective axée sur la complexité, ce qui a ouvert la voie à l'émergence de nouvelles approches thérapeutiques prometteuses.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Fusão Vertebral , Humanos , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 224, 2024 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the biochemical changes in lumbar facet joint (LFJ) and intervertebral disc (IVD) with different degenerative grade by T2* mapping. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients with low back pain (study group) and 20 volunteers (control group) underwent standard MRI protocols and axial T2* mapping. Morphological evaluation of LFJ and IVD were performed on T2-weighted imaging according to Weishaupt and Pfirrmann grading system, respectively. T2* values of LFJ and of AF (anterior annulus fibrosus), NP (nucleus pulposus), and PF (posterior annulus fibrosus) in IVD were measured. Kruskal-Wallis test and Wilcoxon rank-sum test were used to compare T2* values of subjects with different degenerative grade. RESULTS: The mean T2* value of grade 0 LFJ (21.68[17.77,26.13]) was higher than those of grade I (18.42[15.68,21.8], p < 0.001), grade II (18.98[15.56,22.76], p = 0.011) and grade III (18.38[16.05,25.07], p = 0.575) LFJ in study group, and a moderate correlation was observed between T2* value and LFJ grade (rho=-0.304, p < 0.001) in control group. In the analysis of IVD, a moderate correlation was observed between AF T2* value and IVD grade (rho=-0.323, p < 0.001), and between NP T2* value and IVD grade (rho=-0.328, p < 0.001), while no significant difference was observed between the T2* values of PF in IVD of different grade in study group. CONCLUSIONS: Downward trend of T2* values can be found in LFJ, AF and NP as the degenerative grade rised. But in elderly patients with low back pain, no change trend was found in LFJ due to increased fluid accumulation in the joint space.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Dor Lombar , Articulação Zigapofisária , Humanos , Idoso , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Articulação Zigapofisária/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Lombar/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Disco Intervertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos
14.
J Clin Invest ; 134(6)2024 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38488012

RESUMO

As the leading cause of disability worldwide, low back pain (LBP) is recognized as a pivotal socioeconomic challenge to the aging population and is largely attributed to intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD). Elastic nucleus pulposus (NP) tissue is essential for the maintenance of IVD structural and functional integrity. The accumulation of senescent NP cells with an inflammatory hypersecretory phenotype due to aging and other damaging factors is a distinctive hallmark of IVDD initiation and progression. In this study, we reveal a mechanism of IVDD progression in which aberrant genomic DNA damage promoted NP cell inflammatory senescence via activation of the cyclic GMP-AMP synthase/stimulator of IFN genes (cGAS/STING) axis but not of absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasome assembly. Ataxia-telangiectasia-mutated and Rad3-related protein (ATR) deficiency destroyed genomic integrity and led to cytosolic mislocalization of genomic DNA, which acted as a powerful driver of cGAS/STING axis-dependent inflammatory phenotype acquisition during NP cell senescence. Mechanistically, disassembly of the ATR-tripartite motif-containing 56 (ATR-TRIM56) complex with the enzymatic liberation of ubiquitin-specific peptidase 5 (USP5) and TRIM25 drove changes in ATR ubiquitination, with ATR switching from K63- to K48-linked modification, c thereby promoting ubiquitin-proteasome-dependent dynamic instability of ATR protein during NP cell senescence progression. Importantly, an engineered extracellular vesicle-based strategy for delivering ATR-overexpressing plasmid cargo efficiently diminished DNA damage-associated NP cell senescence and substantially mitigated IVDD progression, indicating promising targets and effective approaches to ameliorate the chronic pain and disabling effects of IVDD.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Núcleo Pulposo , Humanos , Idoso , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/genética , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Núcleo Pulposo/metabolismo , Envelhecimento , Senescência Celular , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/metabolismo , Proteínas com Motivo Tripartido/farmacologia , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas Mutadas de Ataxia Telangiectasia/metabolismo
15.
Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) ; 15: 1340625, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38532900

RESUMO

The intervertebral disc is not isolated from other tissues. Recently, abundant research has linked intervertebral disc homeostasis and degeneration to various systemic diseases, including obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes. Organokines are a group of diverse factors named for the tissue of origin, including adipokines, osteokines, myokines, cardiokines, gastrointestinal hormones, and hepatokines. Through endocrine, paracrine, and autocrine mechanisms, organokines modulate energy homeostasis, oxidative stress, and metabolic balance in various tissues to mediate cross-organ communication. These molecules are involved in the regulation of cellular behavior, inflammation, and matrix metabolism under physiological and pathological conditions. In this review, we aimed to summarize the impact of organokines on disc homeostasis and degeneration and the underlying signaling mechanism. We focused on the regulatory mechanisms of organokines to provide a basis for the development of early diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for disc degeneration.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Adipocinas/metabolismo , Obesidade/metabolismo , Homeostase
16.
Phytomedicine ; 127: 155480, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38484462

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is an essential cause of low back pain (LBP), the incidence of which has risen in recent years and is progressively younger, but treatment options are limited, placing a serious economic burden on society. Sanbi decoction (SBD) is an important classical formula for the treatment of IVDD, which can significantly improve patients' symptoms and is a promising alternative therapy. PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to investigate the safety and efficacy of SBD in the treatment of IVDD and to explore the underlying mechanisms by using an integrated analytical approach of microbiomics and serum metabolomics, as well as by using molecular biology. METHODS: A rat IVDD puncture model was established and treated by gavage with different concentrations of SBD, and clean faeces, serum, liver, kidney, and intervertebral disc (IVD) were collected after 4 weeks. We assessed the safety by liver and kidney weighing, functional tests and tissue staining, the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-ɑ), interleukin 1ß (IL-1ß) and interleukin 6 (IL-6) inflammatory factors in serum was detected by ELISA kits, and X-ray test, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, immunohistochemistry (IHC), western blotting (WB), hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and safranin O-fast green (SO/FG) staining were used to assess the efficacy. Finally, we performed 16S rRNA sequencing analysis on the faeces of different groups and untargeted metabolomics on serum and analyzed the association between them. RESULTS: SBD can effectively reduce the inflammatory response, regulate the metabolic balance of extracellular matrix (ECM), improve symptoms, and restore IVD function. In addition, SBD can significantly improve the diversity of intestinal flora and maintain the balance. At the phylum level, SBD greatly increased the relative abundance of Patescibacteria and Actinobacteriota and decreased the relative abundance of Bacteroidota. At the genus level, SBD significantly increased the relative abundance of Clostridia_UCG-014, Enterorhabdus, and Adlercreutzia, and decreased the relative abundance of Ruminococcaceae_UCG-005 (p < 0.05). Untargeted metabolomics indicated that SBD significantly improved serum metabolites and altered serum expression of 4alpha-phorbol 12,13-didecanoate (4alphaPDD), euscaphic acid (EA), alpha-muricholic acid (α-MCA), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and kynurenine (Kyn) (p < 0.05), and the metabolic pathways were mainly lipid metabolism and amino acid metabolism. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that SBD can extensively regulate intestinal flora and serum metabolic homeostasis to reduce inflammatory response, inhibit the degradation of ECM, restore IVD height and water content to achieve apparent therapeutic effect for IVDD.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Humanos , Ratos , Animais , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Homeostase
17.
Sci Data ; 11(1): 264, 2024 Mar 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431692

RESUMO

This paper presents a large publicly available multi-center lumbar spine magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) dataset with reference segmentations of vertebrae, intervertebral discs (IVDs), and spinal canal. The dataset includes 447 sagittal T1 and T2 MRI series from 218 patients with a history of low back pain and was collected from four different hospitals. An iterative data annotation approach was used by training a segmentation algorithm on a small part of the dataset, enabling semi-automatic segmentation of the remaining images. The algorithm provided an initial segmentation, which was subsequently reviewed, manually corrected, and added to the training data. We provide reference performance values for this baseline algorithm and nnU-Net, which performed comparably. Performance values were computed on a sequestered set of 39 studies with 97 series, which were additionally used to set up a continuous segmentation challenge that allows for a fair comparison of different segmentation algorithms. This study may encourage wider collaboration in the field of spine segmentation and improve the diagnostic value of lumbar spine MRI.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Vértebras Lombares , Humanos , Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Dor Lombar
18.
Proc Inst Mech Eng H ; 238(4): 430-437, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38480472

RESUMO

In vitro studies investigating the effect of high physiological compressive loads on the intervertebral disc mechanics as well as on its recovery are rare. Moreover, the osmolarity effect on the disc viscoelastic behavior following an overloading is far from being studied. This study aims to determine whether a compressive loading-unloading cycle exceeding physiological limits could be detrimental to the cervical disc, and to examine the chemo-mechanical dependence of this overloading effect. Cervical functional spine units were subjected to a compressive loading-unloading cycle at a high physiological level (displacement of 2.5 mm). The overloading effect on the disc viscoelastic behavior was evaluated through two relaxation tests conducted before and after cyclic loading. Afterward, the disc was unloaded in a saline bath during a rest period, and its recovery response was assessed by a third relaxation test. The chemo-mechanical coupling in the disc response was further examined by repeating this protocol with three different saline concentrations in the external fluid bath. It was found that overloading significantly alters the disc viscoelastic response, with changes statistically dependent on osmolarity conditions. The applied hyper-physiological compressive cycle does not cause damage since the disc recovers its original viscoelastic behavior following a rest period. Osmotic loading only influences the loading-unloading response; specifically, increasing fluid osmolarity leads to a decrease in disc relaxation after the applied cycle. However, the disc recovery is not impacted by the osmolarity of the external fluid.


Assuntos
Disco Intervertebral , Vértebras Lombares , Suporte de Carga/fisiologia , Vértebras Lombares/fisiologia , Disco Intervertebral/fisiologia , Pressão , Osmose , Fenômenos Biomecânicos
19.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 60(3): 287-299, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38485818

RESUMO

The study aimed to investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rg1 on intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) in rats and IL-1ß-induced nucleus pulposus (NP) cells, and explore its underlying mechanism. Forty IVDD rat models were divided into the IVDD group, low-dose (L-Rg1) group (intraperitoneal injection of 20 mg/kg/d ginsenoside Rg1), medium-dose (M-Rg1) group (intraperitoneal injection of 40 mg/kg/d ginsenoside Rg1), and high-dose (H-Rg1) group (intraperitoneal injection of 80 mg/kg/d ginsenoside Rg1). The pathological change was observed by HE and safranin O-fast green staining. The expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, MMP3, aggrecan, and collagen II was detected. The expression of NF-κB p65 in IVD tissues was detected. Rat NP cells were induced by IL-1ß to simulate IVDD environment and divided into the control group, IL-1ß group, and 20, 50, and 100 µmol/L Rg1 groups. The cell proliferation activity, the apoptosis, and the expression of IL-6, TNF-α, MMP3, aggrecan, collagen II, and NF-κB pathway-related protein were detected. In IVDD rats, ginsenoside Rg1 improved the pathology of IVD tissues; suppressed the expression of IL-1ß, IL-6, TNF-α, aggrecan, and collagen II; and inhibited the expression of p-p65/p65 and nuclear translocation of p65, to alleviate the IVDD progression. In the IL-1ß-induced NP cells, ginsenoside Rg1 also improved the cell proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis and the expression of IL-6, TNF-α, aggrecan, collagen II, p-p65/p65, and IκK in a dose-dependent manner. Ginsenoside Rg1 alleviated IVDD in rats and inhibited apoptosis, inflammatory response, and ECM degradation in IL-1ß-induced NP cells. And Rg1 may exert its effect via inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Ginsenosídeos , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Núcleo Pulposo , Doenças dos Roedores , Ratos , Animais , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Agrecanas/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Colágeno/farmacologia , Inflamação/patologia , Apoptose , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Doenças dos Roedores/metabolismo , Doenças dos Roedores/patologia
20.
Int Immunopharmacol ; 131: 111904, 2024 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518595

RESUMO

Intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) stands as the primary cause of low back pain (LBP). A significant contributor to IVDD is nucleus pulposus cell (NPC) senescence. However, the precise mechanisms underlying NPC senescence remain unclear. Monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL) serves as the primary enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), breaking down monoglycerides into glycerol and fatty acids. It plays a crucial role in various pathological processes, including pain, inflammation, and oxidative stress. In this study, we utilized a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced NPC senescence model and a rat acupuncture-induced IVDD model to investigate the role of MAGL in IVDD both in vitro and in vivo. Initially, our results showed that MAGL expression was increased 2.41-fold and 1.52-fold within NP tissues from IVDD patients and rats induced with acupuncture, respectively. This increase in MAGL expression was accompanied by elevated expression of p16INK4α. Following this, it was noted that the suppression of MAGL resulted in a notable decrease in the quantity of SA-ß-gal-positive cells and hindered the manifestation of p16INK4α and the inflammatory factor IL-1ß in NPCs. MAGL inhibition promotes type II collagen (Col-2) expression and inhibits matrix metalloproteinase 13 (MMP13), thereby restoring the balance of extracellular matrix (ECM) metabolism both in vitro and in vivo. A significant role for STING has also been demonstrated in the regulation of NPC senescence by MAGL. The expression of the STING protein was reduced by 57% upon the inhibition of MAGL. STING activation can replicate the effects of MAGL and substantially increase LPS-induced inflammation while accelerating the senescence of NPCs. These results strongly indicate that the inhibition of MAGL can significantly suppress nucleus pulposus senescence via its interaction with STING, consequently restoring the balance of ECM metabolism. This insight provides new perspectives for potential treatments for IVDD.


Assuntos
Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral , Disco Intervertebral , Núcleo Pulposo , Animais , Humanos , Ratos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Disco Intervertebral/patologia , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Degeneração do Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Monoacilglicerol Lipases/metabolismo
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