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1.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 162(7): 350-353, abril 2024.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-232084

RESUMO

Introducción: El síndrome de pulmón encogido (SPE) es una manifestación rara del lupus eritematoso sistémico. Nuestro objetivo fue describir las características clínicas, radiológicas y funcionales de una cohorte con SPE y su evolución en el tiempo.MétodosEstudio retrospectivo entre 2009 y 2018. Se recogieron datos demográficos, clínicos, funcionales, radiológicos y de tratamiento.ResultadosDe un total de 225 pacientes, 11 presentaron SPE (prevalencia del 4,8%). Dos fueron excluidos. La edad media fue 39,33±16 años, 6 eran mujeres. Los síntomas principales fueron la disnea y el dolor pleurítico. La capacidad vital forzada media fue del 49%, la capacidad pulmonar total del 60%, la capacidad de difusión de monóxido de carbono del 66%, el factor de transferencia para el monóxido de carbono del 128%, la presión inspiratoria máxima del 66% y la presión espiratoria máxima del 82%. Todos los pacientes recibieron corticosteroides. Después de una mediana de seguimiento de 19 meses, 4 casos presentaron mejoría y 4 estabilización.ConclusionesEl SPE debe tenerse presente en todo paciente lúpico con disnea de causa no evidente. Si bien suele evolucionar con mejoría, la mayoría queda con deterioro persistente a pesar del tratamiento. (AU)


Introduction: Shrinking lung syndrome (SLS) is a rare manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus. Our aim was to describe the clinical, radiological, and functional characteristics of a cohort with SLS and its evolution over time.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted between 2009 and 2018. Demographic, clinical, functional, radiological, and treatment data were collected.ResultsOut of a total of 225 patients, 11 presented with SLS (prevalence of 4.8%). Two patients were excluded. The mean age was 39.33±16 years, and 6 were female. The main symptoms were dyspnea and pleuritic pain. The mean forced vital capacity was 49%, total lung capacity was 60%, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity was 66%, carbon monoxide transference factor was 128%, maximal inspiratory pressure was 66%, and maximal expiratory pressure was 82%. All patients received corticosteroids. After a median follow-up of 19 months, 4 cases showed improvement, and 4 cases remained stable.ConclusionsSLS should be considered in every lupus patient with unexplained dyspnea. Although it often shows improvement, many cases experience persistent deterioration despite treatment. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Monóxido de Carbono/uso terapêutico , Doenças do Sistema Digestório , Dispneia/etiologia , Pneumopatias/diagnóstico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Musculares
2.
Can Respir J ; 2024: 8034923, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38560416

RESUMO

Introduction: Many patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may derive inadequate benefit from dry powder inhalers (DPIs) because of suboptimal peak inspiratory flow (sPIF). Objectives: To assess the clinical burden of COPD by characterizing the clinical characteristics of participants with sPIF against medium-low resistance DPIs versus those with optimal PIF (oPIF) from two phase 3 clinical trials. Methods: Baseline data were collected from two randomized, controlled, phase 3 trials (NCT03095456; NCT02518139) in participants with moderate-to-severe COPD. oPIF (60 L/min) against the medium-low resistance DPIs was used as the threshold for defining the PIF subgroups (<60 L/min (sPIF) vs ≥60 L/min (oPIF)). Results: Most participants included in this analysis were White (92%) and male (63%); the mean (range) age was 65 (43-87) years. Participants with sPIF had significantly greater dyspnea than those with oPIF as measured using the modified Medical Research Council scoring (mean (95% CI): 2.1 (2.0-2.2) vs 1.6 (1.4-1.7); P < 0.001) and baseline dyspnea index (mean (95% CI): 5.1 (4.9-5.4) vs 6.1 (5.8-6.3); P < 0.001). Based on COPD Assessment Test scores, participants with sPIF had a higher COPD symptom burden than those with oPIF (mean (95% CI): 21.5 (19.7-23.3) vs 19.5 (18.6-20.4); P = 0.05). Conclusion: In these trials, participants with COPD who had sPIF against the medium-low resistance DPIs had more dyspnea and worse health status than those with oPIF. These results demonstrate that sPIF is associated with a higher clinical burden as measured by patient-reported outcomes.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Administração por Inalação , Inaladores de Pó Seco , Dispneia/etiologia
3.
Indian J Tuberc ; 71(2): 123-129, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589115

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation improves dyspnea, functional limitation and quality of life in patients with chronic respiratory disease especially Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Whether Pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) will have similar effect in patients with post-tuberculosis sequelae or not and whether the two morphological variants will respond similarly or not was the purpose of our study. METHODS: Adult patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria of a diagnosis of post-tuberculosis sequelae with functional limitation (modified medical research council [mMRC] grade 1 or more) were recruited over a period of two years. A baseline health assessment in the different domains of health was done at the beginning and repeated just after the completion of the rehabilitation program at 6 weeks. RESULTS: 26 patients completed the PR protocol of our study. Dyspnea improved from an mMRC grade of 1.5 to 0.7 post-PR (p < 0.001). 6MWD increased by 34 meters from a baseline value of 408.6 meters to 442.7 meters post-PR. (p-value 0.3) St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) symptom score decreased by 13 points, SGRQ activity score decreased by 18 points, SGRQ impact score decreased by 18 and SGRQ total score decreased by 17 points with p-values of 0.037, 0.002, 0.004 and 0.002 for SGRQ symptom score, SGRQ activity score, SGRQ impact score, SGRQ total score respectively. Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) Stress score decreased by 6.7, DASS Anxiety score decreased by 6.6, and DASS Depression score decreased by 5.5 points. Intergroup comparison revealed both bronchiectasis predominant group and fibrosis predominant group responded similarly to PR. CONCLUSION: PR improved parameters assessing dyspnea, quality of life and mental health indices significantly. Improvement in functional capacity was not statically significant. Both the morphological variants responded similarly to the PR.


Assuntos
Bronquiectasia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Tuberculose , Adulto , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Front Immunol ; 15: 1342845, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38571955

RESUMO

Introduction: Over the past decade, immune checkpoint inhibitors such as antibodies against cytotoxicity T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) have become an important armamentarium against a broad spectrum of malignancies. However, these specific inhibitors can cause adverse autoimmune reactions by impairing self-tolerance. Hematologic side effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors, including autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA), are rare but can be life-threatening. Case report: Herein, we report two patients on immune checkpoint inhibitors for metastatic melanoma who developed AIHA with symptoms of dyspnea and fatigue. In the first patient, symptoms alleviated after discontinuation of combined anti CTLA-4 and anti-PD-1 therapy, initiation of corticosteroids and application of a single red blood cell transfusion. Due to subsequent progress of melanoma, combinational anti-PD-1 and tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy was initiated based on multidisciplinary tumor board decision. After two months, she again developed the described hematological and clinical signs of AIHA leading to cessation of anti-PD-1 therapy and initiation of corticosteroids, which again resulted in an alleviation of her symptoms. Due to further progression, the patient received dacarbazine for several months before she decided to stop any therapy other than palliative supportive care. In the second patient, discontinuation of anti-PD-1 therapy and initiation of corticosteroids entailed a complete alleviation of his symptoms. After refusing chemotherapy due to subsequent melanoma progression, he received radiotherapy of bone metastases and is currently enrolled in a clinical trial. The patient did not develop AIHA ever since. Conclusion: Hematologic immune-related adverse events due to treatment with immune checkpoint inhibitors are rare but can have life-threatening consequences. If dyspnea and other clinical symptoms are present, AIHA should be considered as a potential cause and treated promptly in a multidisciplinary setting. An expanded comprehension of risk factors and pathogenesis of AIHA is needed to identify high-risk patients beforehand, leading to more effective predictive and reactive treatment approaches.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune , Melanoma , Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Melanoma/tratamento farmacológico , Melanoma/etiologia , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/induzido quimicamente , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/terapia , Inibidores de Checkpoint Imunológico/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Segunda Neoplasia Primária/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1332417, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572010

RESUMO

Introduction: Fatigue, postural control impairments, and reduced respiratory capacities are common symptoms in persons diagnosed with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). However, there is a paucity of evidence establishing correlations among these factors. The aim of this study is to analyze respiratory function in persons with MS compared to the control group as well as to analyze the relationship between fatigue, respiratory function and postural control in persons with MS. Materials and methods: A total of 17 persons with MS and 17 healthy individuals were enrolled for this cross-sectional study. The evaluated parameters included fatigue assessed using the Visual Analog Scale-fatigue (VAS-F) and the Borg Dyspnea Scale, postural control assessed through the Mini Balance Evaluation System Test (Mini-BESTest), Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed Up and Go (TUG) test, and Trunk Impairment Scale (TIS); and respiratory capacities measured by Maximum Inspiratory Pressure (MIP), Maximum Expiratory Pressure (MEP), Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in the first second (FEV1), FEV1/FVC ratio, Diaphragmatic excursion and diaphragmatic thickness. Results: A very high correlation was observed between the Borg Dyspnoea Scale and the BBS (r = -0.768), TUG (0.867), and Mini-BESTest (r = -0.775). The VAS-F exhibited an almost perfect correlation solely with the TUG (0.927). However, none of the variables related to fatigue exhibited any correlation with the respiratory variables under study. Balance-related variables such as BBS and Mini-BESTest demonstrated a very high and high correlation. Respectively, with respiratory function variables MEP (r = 0.783; r = 0.686), FVC (r = 0.709; r = 0.596), FEV1 (r = 0.615; r = 0.518). BBS exhibited a high correlation with diaphragmatic excursion (r = 0.591). Statistically significant differences were noted between the persons with MS group and the control group in all respiratory and ultrasound parameters except for diaphragmatic thickness. Conclusion: The findings suggest that decreased postural control and balance are associated with both respiratory capacity impairments and the presence of fatigue in persons with MS. However, it is important to note that the alterations in respiratory capacities and fatigue are not mutually related, as indicated by the data obtained in this study. Discrepancies were identified in abdominal wall thickness, diaphragmatic excursion, and respiratory capacities between persons with MS and their healthy counterparts.


Assuntos
Esclerose Múltipla , Insuficiência Respiratória , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Psicometria , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Dispneia/etiologia , Equilíbrio Postural , Fadiga/etiologia
7.
Emergencias ; 36(2): 109-115, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38607306

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To study the diagnostic performance of an ultrasound-based algorithm that includes the deceleration time (DT) of early mitral filling to establish a diagnosis of acute heart failure (AHF) in patients who come to an emergency department because of dyspnea. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective analysis in a convenience sample of patients who came to a hospital emergency department with acute dyspnea. The algorithm included ultrasound findings and 4 echocardiographic findings as follows: mitral annular plane systolic excursion, Doppler mitral flow velocity, tissue Doppler imaging measure of the lateral annulus, and the DT of early mitral filling. The definitive diagnosis was made by 2 physicians blinded to each other's diagnosis and the ultrasound findings. RESULTS: A total of 166 adult patients with a mean (SD) age of 76 (13) years were included; 79 (48%) were women. AHF was the definitive diagnosis in 62 patients (37%). Diagnostic agreement was good between the 2 physicians (κ = 0.71). The algorithm classified all the patients, and there were no undetermined diagnoses. Diagnostic performance indicators for the ultrasound-based algorithm integrating early DT findings were as follows: area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, 0.91 (95% CI, 0.86-0.96); sensitivity, 87% (95% CI, 76%-94%); specificity, 95% (95% CI, 89%-98%); positive likelihood ratio, 18.1 (95% CI, 7.7-42.8); and negative likelihood ratio, 0.14 (95% CI, 0.07-0.26). CONCLUSION: The ultrasound-based algorithm integrating the DT of early mitral filling performs well for diagnosing AHF in emergency patients with dyspnea. The inclusion of early DT allows all patients to be diagnosed.


OBJETIVO: Analizar el rendimiento diagnóstico de un algoritmo ecográfico que incluye el tiempo de desaceleración precoz del flujo mitral (TD) para establecer el diagnóstico de insuficiencia cardiaca aguda (ICA) en pacientes que consultan en un servicio de urgencias hospitalario (SUH) por disnea. METODO: Análisis prospectivo de una muestra de conveniencia de pacientes que consultan por disnea aguda en un SUH. El algoritmo ecográfico incluyó la ecografía pulmonar y cuatro parámetros ecocardiográficos, se midió MAPSE (desplazamiento sistólico del plano del anillo mitral), medidas doppler de flujo mitral, medidas doppler tisular en el anillo mitral lateral y TD. El diagnóstico final fue asignado por 2 médicos ciegos entre sí y a los hallazgos ecográficos. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 166 pacientes adultos, la edad media fue de 76 años (DE 13) y 79 eran mujeres (48%). Hubo 62 pacientes (37%) con un diagnóstico final de ICA. La concordancia entre asignadores fue buena para el diagnóstico de ICA (κ = 0,71). El algoritmo clasificó a todos los pacientes, no hubo ningún diagnóstico indeterminado. El rendimiento diagnóstico del algoritmo mostró un área bajo la curva de 0,91 (IC 95%: 0,86-0,96), sensibilidad del 87% (IC 95%: 76%-94%), especificidad del 95% (IC 95%: 89%-98%), razón de verosimilitud positiva del 18,1 (IC 95%: 7,7-42,8), razón de verosimilitud negativa del 0,14 (IC 95%: 0,07-0,26). CONCLUSIONES: Un algoritmo ecográfico que incluye el TD tiene un buen rendimiento para el diagnóstico de ICA en pacientes que acuden a SUH por disnea. Además, el uso de TD permite clasificar a todos los pacientes.


Assuntos
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Adulto , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Masculino , Ultrassonografia , Algoritmos , Dispneia/diagnóstico por imagem , Dispneia/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem
9.
Mayo Clin Proc ; 99(3): 400-410, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38432746

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the evolution of symptoms in patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (sSAS) undergoing valve replacement, the predictors of the persistence of these symptoms, and their prognostic significance. The evolution of symptoms after intervention in sSAS and their association with outcome are unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from patients with sSAS who underwent intervention were collected. All-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality were considered events. The evolution of symptoms and their association with events were studied. RESULTS: In this study, 451 consecutive patients with sSAS and no other valvular or coronary disease who were alive 30 days after intervention were included. Before valve replacement, 133 of the 451 patients (29.5%) had congestive heart failure requiring hospitalization. Of the remaining 318 patients, 287 (90.2%) had dyspnea on effort, 129 (40.6%) had angina, and 59 had syncope (18.6%). Symptoms disappeared after intervention in 192 of the 451 patients (42.6%) and remained in 259 (57.4%): 193 dyspnea, 9 angina, 17 syncope, and 60 admission for heart failure. Syncope on effort persisted in 4 of 33 patients (12.1%) and at rest in 11 of 20 (55.0%; P<.001). Age, body mass index, previous admission for heart failure, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease were independently related to persistence of symptoms. Over a median follow-up of 56 months in our cohort of 451 patients, 129 deaths were registered (28.6%), 40 of which were cardiovascular (8.9%). Age, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic kidney disease, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, and persistence of symptoms were independently associated with all-cause mortality. CONCLUSION: Symptoms attributed to SAS remain after intervention in a high proportion of patients, particularly dyspnea on effort and syncope at rest. The persistence of symptoms after intervention identifies patients with poor outcome.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Prognóstico , Síncope , Constrição Patológica , Dispneia/etiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia
10.
Chest ; 165(3): e65-e69, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38461020

RESUMO

CASE PRESENTATION: A 49-year-old man, a farmer, had been experiencing coughing, phlegm, and difficulty breathing for 2 months. He underwent a CT scan at a local hospital that showed a mediastinal mass. Bronchoscopy showed no obstruction in the tracheal lumen, and an endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) biopsy was performed on the mediastinal mass. The cytologic smear of the mediastinal mass showed a few atypical epithelial cells; the possibility of a tumor could not be ruled out. The patient visited our thoracic surgery outpatient department; based on the advice of the thoracic surgeon, the patient underwent another endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial fine needle aspiration biopsy of the mediastinal mass 4 days before this admission. The patient went home and waited for the results. Two days later, the patient experienced a fever and palpitations accompanied by chills, yellow phlegm, and orthopnea. The patient visited our ED, underwent tracheal intubation, and was admitted to our ICU. The patient had had occasional coughing and phlegm for the past 10 years, which were not taken seriously or investigated. The patient does not smoke or drink alcohol, and there is no history of cancer in the family.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares , Doenças do Mediastino , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/efeitos adversos , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico/métodos , Broncoscopia/métodos , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Tosse/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Mediastino/diagnóstico por imagem
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38495215

RESUMO

Purpose: The effect of acupuncture as adjunctive therapy for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) was controversial. Thus, we aimed to evaluate the effects of acupuncture for treating AECOPD. Methods: Eight databases were searched from database inception to July 30, 2023. All RCTs compared acupuncture plus conventional western medicine with conventional western medicine alone were included. Outcomes were quality of life, lung function, blood oxygen condition, exercise capacity, daily symptoms, duration of hospitalization, and adverse events. The statistical analyses were conducted using Stata 17.0, and methodological quality was measured by the Cochrane bias risk assessment tool. The Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) approach was used to assess the quality of evidence. Results: Twelve studies including 915 patients were included. Compared with conventional western medicine alone, acupuncture combined with conventional western therapy significantly improved quality of life (CAT: MD: -3.25; 95% CI: -3.73 to -2.78, P<0.001) and arterial blood gas (PaCO2: MD: -1.85; 95% CI: -2.74 to -0.95, P<0.001; PaO2: MD: 5.15; 95% CI: 1.22 to 9.07, P = 0.01). And for lung function, statistical benefits were found in FEV1/FVC (MD: 4.66; 95% CI: 2.21 to 7.12, P<0.001), but no difference was seen for FEV1% (MD: 1.83; 95% CI: -0.17 to 3.83, P = 0.073). There was no significant improvement in exercise capacity (6MWD: MD: 96.69; 95% CI: -0.60 to 193.98, P = 0.051), hospitalization duration (MD: -5.70; 95% CI: -11.97 to 0.58, P = 0.075), and dyspnea (mMRC: MD: -0.19; 95% CI: -0.61 to 0.63, P = 0.376) between two groups. Overall bias for CAT and mMRC was in "high" risk, FEV1%, FEV1/FVC, PaCO2, and PaO2 was in "some concern" and 1 RCT assessing hospitalization duration was in "low" risk. And the overall assessments were either moderate, low or very low certainty. Seven trials performed safety assessment of acupuncture, and no serious adverse events were reported. Conclusion: Acupuncture might have auxiliary effects on AECOPD. However, the quality of the evidence is limited, and more high-quality RCTs are needed to be performed in the future.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Dispneia/etiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória
15.
Int J Tuberc Lung Dis ; 28(3): 115-121, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38454184

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDPost-TB lung disease (PTLD) can be categorised based on physiological, radiological, and clinical abnormalities, delineating distinct clinical patterns; however, thus far the importance of this is unknown. People with PTLD have a high morbidity and increased mortality, but predictors of long-term outcomes are poorly understood.METHODSWe conducted an observational study of PTLD patients attending a tertiary hospital in South Africa between 1 October 2021 and 30 September 2022. Patient demographics, risk factors, symptoms, lung function tests and outcomes were captured.RESULTSA total of 185 patients were included (mean age: 45.2 years, SD ±14.3). Half of patients reported only one previous episode of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (n = 94, 50.8%). There was a statistically significant association between TB-associated obstructive lung disease (OLD) and dyspnoea (P = 0.002), chest pain (P = 0.014) and smoking (P = 0.005). There were significant associations between haemoptysis and both cavitation (P = 0.015) and fungal-associated disease (P < 0.001). Six patients (3.2%) died by study end.CONCLUSIONPTLD can affect young people even with only one previous episode of TB, and carries a high mortality rate. For the first time, clinical patterns have been shown to have meaningful differences; TB-related OLD is associated with dyspnoea, chest pain and smoking; while haemoptysis is associated with cavitary and fungal-associated disease..


Assuntos
Pneumopatias Obstrutivas , Tuberculose , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor no Peito , Dispneia/etiologia , Hemoptise/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Adulto
17.
18.
Med J Malaysia ; 79(2): 165-169, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38553921

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic refractory breathlessness is a debilitating symptom which negatively affects quality of life with profound impact on physical and psychosocial functioning of patients and/or carers. Multidisciplinary based interventions which focus on non-pharmacological approach have shown to be effective. We developed a breathlessness intervention service called breathlessness supportive therapy (BST) in a palliative care unit with limited resources. The aim is to evaluate the feasibility of developing a BST service and to study the characteristics and outcome of patients with chronic refractory breathlessness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of patients with chronic refractory breathlessness and Modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) dyspnoea scale grade ≥ 2 who attended the BST clinic over 1 year period. BST consists of two clinic sessions 2 weeks apart. Data was retrieved from patients' medical notes and analysis done using Microsoft Excel. RESULTS: A total of 21 patients were identified. Median age was 69 years with 52% of females. 72% had non-malignant diagnoses. Median Charlson's Comorbidity Index score was 6.5. Median mMRC dyspnoea scale was 3. 47.6% had long term oxygen usage. Median Australian Karnofsky Performance Scale (AKPS) was 65 and the median baseline breathlessness visual analogue scale (VAS) was 2. 62% completed two sessions, the remaining 38% completed only one session. Mean time from BST intervention to death was 18.26 weeks, median was 22 weeks. 72% died at home, whilst 28% died in the hospital. All the patients scored 4 (somewhat agree) and 5 (strongly agree) on the overall feedback score. CONCLUSIONS: Development of a breathlessness intervention service is feasible in a resource limited setting and generally accepted by most patients. More research and prospective studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of BST in the future.


Assuntos
Cuidados Paliativos , Qualidade de Vida , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Austrália , Dispneia/etiologia , Dispneia/terapia , Dispneia/diagnóstico
19.
Ugeskr Laeger ; 186(9)2024 02 26.
Artigo em Dinamarquês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445323

RESUMO

In his case report, a 74-year-old physically fit man was evaluated repeatedly for several years in the cardiology department due to dyspnoea on exertion (DOE). Several standard cardiac and pulmonary tests were performed but did not provide sufficient cause for the DOE. Lastly, the patient was evaluated with a cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) with simultaneous in- and expiratory gas sampling. The test revealed a low aerobic capacity due to chronotropic incompetence (CI), thus explaining the DOE. Subsequently, the patient was treated with a rate-responsive pacemaker. CPET-is an ideal test for diagnosing CI.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço , Marca-Passo Artificial , Masculino , Humanos , Idoso , Coração , Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia
20.
BMJ Case Rep ; 17(3)2024 Mar 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38538102

RESUMO

We report the case of a man in his late 30s who presented with a history of breathlessness and cough with haemoptysis. Complete blood counts revealed pancytopenia. High-resolution CT showed diffuse bilateral ground glass opacities. Sequential bronchoalveolar lavage confirmed alveolar haemorrhage. Bone marrow aspiration showed vacuoles in erythroid and myeloid precursor cells. The genome was sequenced, and the UBA1 gene revealed a c.121 A>G mutation (p.Met41Val), confirming vacuoles, E1 enzyme, X-linked, autoinflammatory, somatic syndrome. The patient was managed with high-dose prednisolone pulse therapy. He improved with the complete resolution of the alveolar haemorrhage and an improvement in lung function and cytopenias.


Assuntos
Hemoptise , Hemorragia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas , Dermatopatias Genéticas , Masculino , Humanos , Hemorragia/etiologia , Hemoptise/etiologia , Tosse , Dispneia/etiologia , Mutação
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