Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 7.722
Filtrar
1.
Molecules ; 26(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202721

RESUMO

Marine natural products are abundant resources for antioxidants, but the antioxidant property of the soft corals-derived sinularin and dihydrosinularin were unknown. This study aimed to assess antioxidant potential and antiproliferation effects of above compounds on cancer cells, and to investigate the possible relationships between them. Results show that sinularin and dihydrosinularin promptly reacted with 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2-azinobis (3-ethyl-benzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS), and hydroxyl (•OH), demonstrating a general radical scavenger activity. Sinularin and dihydrosinularin also show an induction for Fe+3-reduction and Fe+2-chelating capacity which both strengthen their antioxidant activities. Importantly, sinularin shows higher antioxidant properties than dihydrosinularin. Moreover, 24 h ATP assays show that sinularin leads to higher antiproliferation of breast, lung, and liver cancer cells than dihydrosinularin. Therefore, the differential antioxidant properties of sinularin and dihydrosinularin may contribute to their differential anti-proliferation of different cancer cells.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Antineoplásicos , Antioxidantes , Diterpenos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/patologia
2.
Molecules ; 26(12)2021 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34201372

RESUMO

A novel pleuromutilin derivative, 22-(4-(2-(4-nitrophenyl-piperazin-1-yl)-acetyl)-piperazin-1-yl)-22-deoxypleuromutilin (NPDM), was synthesized in our laboratory and proved excellent antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). In this study, more methods were used to further study its preliminary pharmacological effect. The antibacterial efficacy and toxicity of NPDM were evaluated using tiamulin as the reference drug. The in vitro antibacterial activity study showed that NPDM is a potent bactericidal agent against MRSA that induced time-dependent growth inhibition and a concentration-dependent post-antibiotic effect (PAE). Toxicity determination showed that the cytotoxicity of NPDM was slightly higher than that of tiamulin, but the acute oral toxicity study proved that NPDM was a low-toxic compound. In an in vivo antibacterial effect study, NPDM exhibited a better therapeutic effect than tiamulin against MRSA in a mouse thigh infection model as well as a mouse systemic infection model with neutropenia. The 50% effective dose (ED50) of NPDM in a Galleria mellonella infection model was 50.53 mg/kg. The pharmacokinetic properties of NPDM were also measured, which showed that NPDM was a rapid elimination drug in mice.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Nitrofenóis/farmacologia , Piperazina/farmacologia , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Insetos/microbiologia , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana/métodos , Ratos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia
3.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34202736

RESUMO

Regardless of the prophylactic vaccine accessibility, persistent infections of high-risk human papillomaviruses (hr-HPVs), recognized as an etiology of cervical cancers, continues to represent a major health problem for the world population. An overexpression of viral early protein 6 (E6) is linked to carcinogenesis. E6 induces anti-apoptosis by degrading tumor suppressor proteins p53 (p53) via E6-E6-associated protein (E6AP)-mediated polyubiquitination. Thus, the restoration of apoptosis by interfering with the E6 function has been proposed as a selective medicinal strategy. This study aimed to determine the activities of andrographolide (Androg) on the disturbance of E6-mediated p53 degradation in cervical cancer cell lines using a proteomic approach. These results demonstrated that Androg could restore the intracellular p53 level, leading to apoptosis-induced cell death in HPV16-positive cervical cancer cell lines, SiHa and CaSki. Mechanistically, the anti-tumor activity of Androg essentially relied on the reduction in host cell proteins, which are associated with ubiquitin-mediated proteolysis pathways, particularly HERC4 and SMURF2. They are gradually suppressed in Androg-treated HPV16-positive cervical cancer cells. Collectively, the restoration of p53 in HPV16-positive cervical cancer cells might be achieved by disruption of E3 ubiquitin ligase activity by Androg, which could be an alternative treatment for HPV-associated epithelial lesions.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Proteoma , Proteômica , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/metabolismo , Biomarcadores , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Biologia Computacional , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Diterpenos/química , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Papillomavirus Humano 16 , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Infecções por Papillomavirus/virologia , Proteólise , Proteômica/métodos , Transcriptoma , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/etiologia
4.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 139: 111569, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34243622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition were associated with the refractory hypoxemia and the high mortality in patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and NF-κB pathway was confirmed to contribute to the process. Triptolide (TP) significantly inhibited NF-κB pathway and thus depressed accessive inflammatory response in ARDS. We speculate that TP could improve alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic inhibition in LPS-induced ARDS via NF-κB inactivation. PURPOSE: The aim of this experiment was to explore the efficacy and potential mechanism of TP on alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition in LPS-induced ARDS in mice. METHODS: 50 µl of LPS (5 mg/ml) was inhalationally given to C57BL/6 mice to set up ARDS model. Male mice were randomly accepted with LPS, LPS + TP (1 µg/kg, 10 µg/kg, 50 µg/kg respectively), or with NEMO Binding domain peptide (NBD), an inhibitor of NF-κB. TP (1 µg/kg, 10 µg/kg, 50 µg/kg) were intraperitoneally injected or 10 µg/50 µl of NBD solution were inhaled 30 min before LPS inhalation. A same volume of normal saline (NS) substituted for TP in mice in control. The endpoint of experiment was at 8 hours after LPS stimulation. Pulmonary tissues were taken for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, wet / dry ratio and for lung injury scores (LIS). Tissue factor (TF) and plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI)-1 in lung tissue were detected by Western-blotting and by quantitative Real-time PCR(qPCR) respectively. Concentrations of TF, PAI-1, thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), procollagen peptide type Ⅲ (PⅢP) and activated protein C (APC) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were measured by ELISA. NF-κB activation and p65-DNA binding activity in pulmonary tissue were simultaneously determined. RESULTS: LPS stimulation resulted in pulmonary edema, neutrophils infiltration, obvious alveolar collapse, interstitial congestion, with high LIS, which were all dose-dependently ameliorated by Triptolide. LPS also dramatically promoted the expressions of TF and PAI-1 either in mRNA or in protein in lung tissue, and significantly stimulated the secretions of TF, PAI-1, TAT, PⅢP but inhibited APC production in BALF, which were all reversed by triptolide treatment in dose-dependent manner. TP dose-dependently inhibited the activation of NF-κB pathway induced by LPS, indicated by the changes of phosphorylations of p65 (p-p65), p-IKKα/ß and p-IκBα, and weakened p65-DNA binding activity. TP and NBD had same efficacies either on alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition or on NF-κB signalling pathway in ARDS mice. CONCLUSIONS: TP dose-dependently improves alveolar hypercoagulation and fibrinolysis inhibition in ARDS mice through inhibiting NF-κB signaling pathway. Our data demonstrate that TP is expected to be an effective selection in ARDS.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fibrinólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Trombofilia/induzido quimicamente , Trombofilia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Pulmão/metabolismo , Lesão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Lesão Pulmonar/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Síndrome do Desconforto Respiratório , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Trombofilia/metabolismo , Tromboplastina/metabolismo
5.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34071703

RESUMO

Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) is a major human pathogen that requires new antibiotics with unique mechanism. A new pleuromutilin derivative, 14-O-[(4,6-Diamino-pyrimidine-2-yl) thioacetyl] mutilin (DPTM), has been synthesized and proved as a potent antibacterial agent using in vitro and in vivo assays. In the present study, DPTM was further in vitro evaluated against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from dairy farms and outperformed tiamulin fumarate, a pleuromutilin drug used for veterinary. Moreover, a murine skin wound model caused by MRSA infection was established, and the healing effect of DPTM was investigated. The results showed that DPTM could promote the healing of MRSA skin infection, reduce the bacterial burden of infected skin MRSA and decrease the secretion of IL-6 and TNF-α inflammatory cytokines in plasma. These results provided the basis for further in-depth drug targeted studies of DPTM as a novel antibacterial agent.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cetonas/química , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Policíclicos/química , Animais , Bovinos , Citocinas/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Técnicas In Vitro , Inflamação , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Leite/microbiologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Cicatrização
6.
Molecules ; 26(10)2021 May 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34069033

RESUMO

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are very commonly used, but their adverse effects warrant investigating new therapeutic alternatives. Polyalthic acid, a labdane-type diterpenoid, is known to produce gastroprotection, tracheal smooth muscle relaxation, and antitumoral, antiparasitic and antibacterial activity. This study aimed to evaluate the antinociceptive, antiallodynic, antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory effect of polyalthic acid on rats. Moreover, the effectiveness of treating hyperalgesia with a combination of polyalthic acid and naproxen was analyzed, as well as the type of drug-drug interaction involved. Nociception was examined by injecting 1% formalin into the right hind paw and thermal hyperalgesia and inflammation by injecting a 1% carrageenan solution into the left hind paw of rats. Allodynia was assessed on an L5/L6 spinal nerve ligation model. Polyalthic acid generated significant antinociceptive (56-320 mg/kg), antiallodynic (100-562 mg/kg), and antihyperalgesic and anti-inflammatory (10-178 mg/kg) effects. Antinociception mechanisms were explored by pretreating the rats with naltrexone, ODQ and methiothepin, finding the effect blocked by the former two compounds, which indicates the participation of opioid receptors and guanylate cyclase. An isobolographic analysis suggests synergism between polyalthic acid and naproxen in the combined treatment of hyperalgesia.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico , Hiperalgesia/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Analgésicos/farmacologia , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/administração & dosagem , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Feminino , Ligadura , Naproxeno/farmacologia , Naproxeno/uso terapêutico , Ratos Wistar , Nervos Espinhais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 3577, 2021 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34117249

RESUMO

Target protection proteins confer resistance to the host organism by directly binding to the antibiotic target. One class of such proteins are the antibiotic resistance (ARE) ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins of the F-subtype (ARE-ABCFs), which are widely distributed throughout Gram-positive bacteria and bind the ribosome to alleviate translational inhibition from antibiotics that target the large ribosomal subunit. Here, we present single-particle cryo-EM structures of ARE-ABCF-ribosome complexes from three Gram-positive pathogens: Enterococcus faecalis LsaA, Staphylococcus haemolyticus VgaALC and Listeria monocytogenes VgaL. Supported by extensive mutagenesis analysis, these structures enable a general model for antibiotic resistance mediated by these ARE-ABCFs to be proposed. In this model, ABCF binding to the antibiotic-stalled ribosome mediates antibiotic release via mechanistically diverse long-range conformational relays that converge on a few conserved ribosomal RNA nucleotides located at the peptidyltransferase center. These insights are important for the future development of antibiotics that overcome such target protection resistance mechanisms.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lincosamidas/farmacologia , Compostos Policíclicos/farmacologia , Estreptograminas/farmacologia , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/química , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Adesinas Bacterianas/química , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Sítios de Ligação , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/genética , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Peptidil Transferases/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , RNA Mensageiro , Ribossomos/metabolismo
9.
Phytochemistry ; 188: 112775, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34015626

RESUMO

Bioassay-guided purification on the ethanolic extract of the roots of Euphorbia kansui Liou ex S.B.Ho (Euphorbiaceae) led to the isolation of one unreported ingenane-type (euphorksol A) and six unreported jatrophane-type (euphorksjats A-F) diterpenoids, together with twenty-five known diterpenoids. Their structures were elucidated based on extensive NMR analysis and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Euphorksol A is a rare example of an ingenane-type diterpenoid with a 6,7-expoxy fragment. All compounds were examined for cytotoxicity against adriamycin (Adr)-sensitive HepG-2 and Adr-resistant HepG-2/Adr cell lines, but none showed significant activity. Then, all isolates were evaluated for their ability to reverse multidrug resistance (MDR). 6ß,7ß-Epoxy-3ß,4ß,5ß-trihydroxyl-20- deoxyingenol and 3,5,7,15-tetraacetoxy-9-nicotinoyloxy-14-oxojatropha-6(17),11-diene showed significant MDR reversal activity in HepG-2/Adr cells (reversal fold: RF = 186.4 and 143.8, respectively) versus the positive control verapamil (Ver, RF = 93.7). Euphorksol A and kansuinin B exhibited moderate MDR reversal activity (RF = 57.4 and 68.9, respectively). These compounds are the first ingenane-type diterpenoids reported to show MDR reversal activity, which will provide new insights toward the development of MDR regulatory agents.


Assuntos
Diterpenos , Euphorbia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos , Estrutura Molecular
10.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 5585303, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33981385

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is a persistent inflammatory disorder specified by the dysfunction of the arteries, the world's leading cause of cardiovascular diseases. We sought to determine the effectiveness of KRL in B[a]P-induced oxidative stress and programmed cell death in endothelial cells. Western blotting, real-time PCR, DCFH2-DA, and TUNEL staining were performed to detect pPI3K, pAKT, Nrf2, HO-1, NQO-1, Bcl2, Bax, and caspase-3 on the HUVECs. Through the pretreatment of KRL, a drastic enhancement was observed in the cell viability of HUVECs, whereas DNA damage and generation of reactive oxygen species induced by B[a]P was suppressed. KRL's potential use as an antioxidant was observed to have a direct correlation with an antioxidant gene's augmented expression and the nuclear translocation activation of Nrf2, even during the event when B[a]P was found to be absent. In addition, this study proved that the signaling cascades of PI3K/AKT mediated Nrf2 translocation. Activation of suppressed nuclear Nrf2 and reduced antioxidant genes across cells interacting with an LY294002 confirmed this phenomenon. In addition, knockdown of Nrf2 by Nrf2-siRNA transfection abolished the protective effects of KRL on HUVECs cells against oxidative damage. Finally, the expression of apoptotic proteins also supported the hypothesis that KRL may inhibit endothelial dysfunction. This study showed that KRL potentially prevents B[a]P-induced redox imbalance in the vascular endothelium by inducing the Nrf2 signaling via the PI3K/AKT pathway.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Aterosclerose/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais , Transfecção
11.
Molecules ; 26(9)2021 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33923336

RESUMO

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by the production of ß2-glycoprotein I (ß2GPI)-dependent autoantibodies, with vascular thrombosis or obstetrical complications. Around 20% of APS patients are refractory to current treatments. Crassolide, a cembranoid diterpene extracted from soft corals, is a potential therapeutic candidate. Here, to examine the anti-inflammatory properties of crassolide, we first determined its effects on bone marrow-derived and splenic dendritic cells (DC). Specifically, we applied lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or ß2GPI stimulation and measured the expressions of CD80 and CD86, and secretions of cytokines. We also determined in the OT-II mice, if bone marrow-derived DC was able to stimulate antigen-specific T cells. Moreover, we examined the therapeutic potential of crassolide postimmunization in a murine model of APS that depended on active immunization with ß2GPI. The vascular manifestations were evaluated in terms of fluorescein-induced thrombi in mesenteric microvessels, whereas the obstetric manifestations were evaluated based on the proportion of fetal loss after pregnancy. We also measured blood titers of anti-ß2GPI antibody, splenic cell proliferative responses and cytokine secretions after ß2GPI stimulation ex vivo. Finally, we determined in these mice, hematological, hepatic and renal toxicities of crassolide. Crassolide after LPS stimulation suppressed DC maturation and secretion of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-12 and IL-23, and downstream T cell activation. Crassolide could partially ameliorate both the vascular and obstetric manifestations of APS in BALB/c mice. Both blood titers of anti-ß2GPI antibody and splenic cell proliferation after ß2GPI stimulation were reduced. Splenic Th1 and Th17 responses were also lowered after ß2GPI stimulation. Finally, within therapeutic doses of crassolide, we found no evidence of its toxicity. In conclusion, we showed the ability of crassolide to suppress DC and downstream T cell responses. Crassolide is therefore a potential candidate for adjunctive therapy in APS.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Células Dendríticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/genética , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/imunologia , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/patologia , Antígeno B7-1/genética , Antígeno B7-2/genética , Células da Medula Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Células da Medula Óssea/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Células Dendríticas/patologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/imunologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Ativação Linfocitária/efeitos dos fármacos , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Camundongos , Gravidez , beta 2-Glicoproteína I/toxicidade
12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 6692628, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33815659

RESUMO

This work is aimed at investigating the expression levels of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cervical cancer and identifying a potential iNOS inhibitor. The data mining studies performed advocated iNOS to be a promising biomarker for cancer prognosis, as it is highly overexpressed in several malignant cancers. The elevated iNOS was found to be associated with poor survival and increased tumor aggressiveness in cervical cancer. Immunohistochemical and RT-PCR investigations of iNOS showed significant upregulation of endogenous iNOS expression in the cervical tumor samples, thus making iNOS a potent target for decreasing tumor inflammation and aggressiveness. Andrographolide, a plant-derived diterpenoid lactone, is widely reported to be effective against infections and inflammation, causing no adverse side effects on humans. In the current study, we investigated the effect of andrographolide on the prognostic value of iNOS expression in cervical cancer, which has not been reported previously. The binding efficacy of andrographolide was analyzed by performing molecular docking and molecular dynamic simulations. Multiple parameters were used to analyze the simulation trajectory, like root mean square deviation (RMSD), torsional degree of freedom, protein-root mean square fluctuations (P-RMSF), ligand RMSF, total number of intramolecular hydrogen bonds, secondary structure elements (SSE) of the protein, and protein complex with the time-dependent functions of MDS. Ligand-protein interactions revealed binding efficacy of andrographolide with tryptophan amino acid of iNOS protein. Cancer cell proliferation, cell migration, cell cycle analysis, and apoptosis-mediated cell death were assessed in vitro, post iNOS inhibition induced by andrographolide treatment (demonstrated by Western blot). Results. Andrographolide exhibited cytotoxicity by inhibiting the in vitro proliferation of cervical cancer cells and also abrogated the cancer cell migration. A significant increase in apoptosis was observed with increasing andrographolide concentration, and it also induced cell cycle arrest at G1-S phase transition. Our results substantiate that andrographolide significantly inhibits iNOS expression and exhibits antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects on cervical cancer cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ligantes , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/genética , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Termodinâmica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806579

RESUMO

This paper aimed to investigate the potential antifungal influences of new alkaloids from Delphinium peregrinum L. var. eriocarpum Boiss. New Diterpenoid alkaloids Delcarpum (1), Hydrodavisine (4) and known alkaloids Peregrine (2), Delphitisine (3) were isolated by different chromatographic methods from the aerial parts of D. Peregrinum eriocarpum Boiss, which grows in Syria. The structures of alkaloids were proposed based on 1D NMR spectroscopy 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, DEPT-135, DEPT-90, 2D NMR spectroscopy DQF-COSY, HMQC, EI-Ms mass spectrum, and IR spectroscopic measurements. The antifungal activity of the isolated alkaloids was evaluated against different dermatophyte fungal isolates compared with fluconazole. In the case of Peregrine (2) the minimum inhibitory concentrations(MICs) recorded 128-256, 32-64, and 32 for Epidermophyton floccosum, Microsporum canis, and Trichophyton rubrum, respectively, compared to 32-64, 16, and 32 µg/mL in the case of fluconazole, respectively. The MICs recorded on application of the four alkaloids mixture were 64, 32, and 16 in the case of E. floccosum, M. canis, and T. rubrum, respectively, which were significantly lower than that measured for each of the individual alkaloid and were compatible for fluconazole. In conclusion, MICs of the tested alkaloids showed a variable potential effect on the investigated fungal isolates. Peregrine (2) was the most effective alkaloid, however, the application of the mixture of alkaloids induced significant synergistic activity that was more pronounced than the application of individual ones.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Arthrodermataceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Delphinium/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Epidermophyton/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação
14.
Mar Drugs ; 19(4)2021 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805423

RESUMO

Plant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) represent a relatively wide class of secondary metabolites. The VOC profiles of seven seaweeds (Grateloupia filicina, Polysiphonia senticulosa, Callithamnion corymbosum, Sargassum thunbergii, Dictyota dichotoma, Enteromorpha prolifera and Ulva lactuca) from the Yellow Sea of China were investigated using multifiber headspace solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME/GC-MS), among them, the VOCs of three red algae Grateloupia filicina, Polysiphonia senticulosa, and Callithamnion corymbosum were first reported. Principal component analysis (PCA) was used to disclose characteristic categories and molecules of VOCs and network pharmacology was performed to predict potential biomedical utilization of candidate seaweeds. Aldehyde was found to be the most abundant VOC category in the present study and (E)-ß-ionone was the only compound found to exist in all seven seaweeds. The chemical diversity of aldehydes in E. prolifera suggest its potential application in chemotaxonomy and hinted that divinylbenzene/carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) fiber is more suitable for aldehyde extraction. VOCs in D. dichotoma were characterized as sesquiterpenes and diterpenes and the most relevant pharmacological pathway was the neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction pathway, which suggests that D. dichotoma may have certain preventive and therapeutic values in cancer, especially in lung cancer, in addition to neuropsychiatric diseases.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Rodófitas/metabolismo , Alga Marinha/metabolismo , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação , Aldeídos/farmacologia , Animais , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Metabolismo Secundário , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/farmacologia , Volatilização
15.
Mar Drugs ; 19(4)2021 Mar 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805935

RESUMO

Novel drug leads for malaria therapy are urgently needed because of the widespread emergence of resistance to all available drugs. Screening of the Harbor Branch enriched fraction library against the Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine-resistant strain (Dd2) followed by bioassay-guided fractionation led to the identification of two potent antiplasmodials; a novel diterpene designated as bebrycin A (1) and the known C21 degraded terpene nitenin (2). A SYBR Green I assay was used to establish a Dd2 EC50 of 1.08 ± 0.21 and 0.29 ± 0.02 µM for bebrycin A and nitenin, respectively. Further analysis was then performed to assess the stage specificity of the inhibitors antiplasmodial effects on the Dd2 intraerythrocytic life cycle. Exposure to bebrycin A was found to block parasite maturation at the schizont stage if added any time prior to late schizogony at 42 hours post invasion, (HPI). In contrast, early life cycle exposure to nitenin (prior to 18 HPI) was identified as crucial to parasite inhibition, suggesting nitenin may target the maturation of the parasite during the transition from ring to early trophozoite (6-18 HPI), a novel property among known antimalarials.


Assuntos
Antozoários/metabolismo , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Malária Falciparum/tratamento farmacológico , Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos , Poríferos/metabolismo , Animais , Antimaláricos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Estágios do Ciclo de Vida , Malária Falciparum/parasitologia , Estrutura Molecular , Plasmodium falciparum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Molecules ; 26(5)2021 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806445

RESUMO

Marine natural products have exhibited uncommon chemical structures with relevant antitumor properties highlighting their potential to inspire the development of new anticancer agents. The goal of this work was to study the antitumor activities of the brominated diterpene sphaerodactylomelol, a rare example of the dactylomelane family. Cytotoxicity (10-100 µM; 24 h) was evaluated on tumor cells (A549, CACO-2, HCT-15, MCF-7, NCI-H226, PC-3, SH-SY5Y, SK-ML-28) and the effects estimated by MTT assay. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) levels and apoptosis biomarkers (membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine, depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential, Caspase-9 activity, and DNA condensation and/or fragmentation) were studied in the breast adenocarcinoma cellular model (MCF-7) and its genotoxicity on mouse fibroblasts (L929). Sphaerodactylomelol displayed an IC50 range between 33.04 and 89.41 µM without selective activity for a specific tumor tissue. The cells' viability decrease was accompanied by an increase on H2O2 production, a depolarization of mitochondrial membrane potential and an increase of Caspase-9 activity and DNA fragmentation. However, the DNA damage studies in L929 non-malignant cell line suggested that this compound is not genotoxic for normal fibroblasts. Overall, the results suggest that the cytotoxicity of sphaerodactylomelol seems to be mediated by an increase of H2O2 levels and downstream apoptosis.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Rodófitas/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dano ao DNA , Diterpenos/química , Feminino , Humanos , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(6)2021 Mar 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33806909

RESUMO

Kirenol (KRL) is a biologically active substance extracted from Herba Siegesbeckiae. This natural type of diterpenoid has been widely adopted for its important anti-inflammatory and anti-rheumatic properties. Despite several studies claiming the benefits of KRL, its cardiac effects have not yet been clarified. Cardiotoxicity remains a key concern associated with the long-term administration of doxorubicin (DOX). The generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) causes oxidative stress, significantly contributing to DOX-induced cardiac damage. The purpose of the current study is to investigate the cardio-protective effects of KRL against apoptosis in H9c2 cells induced by DOX. The analysis of cellular apoptosis was performed using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining assay and measuring the modulation in the expression levels of proteins involved in apoptosis and Nrf2 signaling, the oxidative stress markers. Furthermore, Western blotting was used to determine cell survival. KRL treatment, with Nrf2 upregulation and activation, accompanied by activation of PI3K/AKT, could prevent the administration of DOX to induce cardiac oxidative stress, remodeling, and other effects. Additionally, the diterpenoid enhanced the activation of Bcl2 and Bcl-xL, while suppressing apoptosis marker proteins. As a result, KRL is considered a potential agent against hypertrophy resulting from cardiac deterioration. The study results show that KRL not only activates the IGF-IR-dependent p-PI3K/p-AKT and Nrf2 signaling pathway, but also suppresses caspase-dependent apoptosis.


Assuntos
Cardiotônicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Diterpenos/química , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo , Mioblastos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Mioblastos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Peptídeos Natriuréticos/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Transporte Proteico
18.
Molecules ; 26(6)2021 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804618

RESUMO

Rosmarinus officinalis L. is a widely known species for its medicinal uses, that is also used as raw material for the food and cosmetic industry. The aim of the present study was to offer a novel perspective on the medicinal product originating from this species and to test its hepatoprotective activity. The tested sample consisted in a tincture obtained from the fresh young shoots. Compounds that are evaluated for this activity are polyphenols and terpenoids, that are identified and quantified by HPLC-UV-MS and GC-MS. Antioxidant activity was assessed in vitro, using the DPPH, FRAP and SO assays. Hepatoprotective activity was tested in rats with experimentally-induced hepatotoxicity. In the chemical composition of the tincture, phenolic diterpenes (carnosic acid, carnosol, rosmanol, rosmadial) and rosmarinic acid were found to be the majority compounds, alongside with 1,8-cineole, camphene, linalool, borneol and terpineol among monoterpenes. In vitro, the tested tincture proved significant antioxidant capacity. Results of the in vivo experiment showed that hepatoprotective activity is based on an antioxidant mechanism. In this way, the present study offers a novel perspective on the medicinal uses of the species, proving significant amounts of polyphenols and terpenes in the composition of the fresh young shoots tincture, that has proved hepatoprotective activity through an antioxidant mechanism.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Brotos de Planta/química , Rosmarinus/química , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Cinamatos/química , Cinamatos/farmacologia , Depsídeos/química , Depsídeos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Ratos
19.
Molecules ; 26(7)2021 Mar 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33805078

RESUMO

Andrographolide is a labdane diterpenoid herb, which is isolated from the leaves of Andrographis paniculata, and widely used for its potential medical properties. However, there are no reports on the effects of andrographolide on the human suprapatellar fat pad of osteoarthritis patients. In the present study, our goal was to evaluate the innovative effects of andrographolide on viability and Tri-lineage differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells from suprapatellar fat pad tissues. The results revealed that andrographolide had no cytotoxic effects when the concentration was less than 12.5 µM. Interestingly, andrographolide had significantly enhanced, dose dependent, osteogenesis and chondrogenesis as evidenced by a significantly intensified stain for Alizarin Red S, Toluidine Blue and Alcian Blue. Moreover, andrographolide can upregulate the expression of genes related to osteogenic and chondrogenic differentiation, including Runx2, OPN, Sox9, and Aggrecan in mesenchymal stem cells from human suprapatellar fat pad tissues. In contrast, andrographolide suppressed adipogenic differentiation as evidenced by significantly diminished Oil Red O staining and expression levels for adipogenic-specific genes for PPAR-γ2 and LPL. These findings confirm that andrographolide can specifically enhance osteogenesis and chondrogenesis of mesenchymal stem cells from human suprapatellar fat pad tissues. It has potential as a therapeutic agent derived from natural sources for regenerative medicine.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Condrogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(8)2021 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33920454

RESUMO

Liver cancer remains a leading cause of death, despite advances in anti-cancer therapies. To develop novel drugs, natural products are being considered as a good source for exploration. In this study, a natural product isolated from a soft coral was applied to evaluate its anti-cancer activities in hepatocellular carcinoma SK-HEP-1 cells. Sinularin was determined to have half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of ~10 µM after 24, 48, and 72 h. The TUNEL assay and annexin V/PI staining results showed that sinularin induced DNA fragmentation and apoptosis, respectively. An investigation at the molecular level demonstrated that the expression levels of cleaved caspases 3/9 were significantly elevated at 10 µM sinularin. Mitochondrial and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were significantly increased following sinularin treatment, which also affected the mitochondrial membrane potential. In addition, it significantly lowered the mitochondrial respiration parameters and extracellular acidification rates at 10 µM. Further investigation showed that sinularin significantly attenuated wound healing, cell migration, and potential colony formation at 10 µM. Fluorescence microscopic observations showed that the distribution of F-actin filaments was significantly altered at 10 µM sinularin. Supported by Western blot analyses, the expression levels of AKT, p-ERK (extracellular-signal-related kinase), vimentin and VEGF were significantly down-regulated, whereas p-p38, pJNK and E-cadherin were significantly increased. Overall, at the IC50 concentration, sinularin was able to significantly affect SK-HEP-1 cells.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citoesqueleto/patologia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias Hepáticas/patologia , Ratos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...