Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.986
Filtrar
4.
J Homosex ; 67(3): 315-324, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30335590

RESUMO

This think piece provides a critical analysis of the terms lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) from an international perspective that draws on citizenship studies, providing some indications of the implications for LGBTQ studies. It outlines difficulties with the LGBTQ acronym in the Global North and South. Internationally, scholarship to support the human rights of non-heterosexuals and gender-diverse people is badly needed, but the think piece concludes that it is crucial to consider the social context of different cases, and to address the materialist, cultural, neo-colonial, and other forces that affect the formation of non-heterosexual and gender-diverse identities.


Assuntos
Identidade de Gênero , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero , Variação Biológica da População , Bissexualidade , Diversidade Cultural , Feminino , Homossexualidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoas Transgênero
5.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 7-19, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854318

RESUMO

The investigation of the role and the mechanisms of social categorization has been in the focus of psychological research for quite a long time. However, the developmental approach to categorization and the arrangement of empirical findings within this field into a unified framework have received little attention so far. Based on the currently available evidence the paper proposes a new theory of 'culturally shared knowledge'. With the help of this approach we would like to draw attention to the fundamental role of social categorization in adaptive learning. In addition to providing a theoretical explanation of the experimental results, the last chapter describes practical techniques that might prove useful in the development of an empathic multicultural environment in the future.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Empatia , Aprendizagem , Aculturação , Humanos
6.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 41(1): 67-68, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31860497

RESUMO

In order to graduate diverse groups of students who more accurately mirror the US population, schools of nursing must take steps to promote the success of ethnic minorities, men, and those with limited English proficiency. Accordingly, a large urban school of nursing piloted a series of carefully orchestrated "red carpet" events to welcome first-year students in the most inclusive and affirming manner possible. These social gatherings provided valuable opportunities for students to increase their social capital by networking with peers, recent alumni, and established professionals, all of whom shared valuable strategies for success.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Masculino , Universidades
9.
RECIIS (Online) ; 13(4): 736-753, out.-dez. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047532

RESUMO

Este artigo, de caráter interdisciplinar, tem como objetivo articular questões da diversidade sociocultural com o direito à comunicação e à saúde e a estratégias de reconhecimentos identitários. Para isso, propomos uma análise de conteúdo, de abordagem qualitativa, da comunicação produzida pela Equipe de Base Warmis ­ Convergências das Culturas sobre o caso que ficou conhecido como Projeto pró-cesárea no SUS ou PL 435/2019, comparando-a ainda com matérias veiculadas sobre o tema na mídia tradicional comercial e em notas e comunicados oficiais de instituições formais de classe profissional envolvidas com a questão. Como recurso teórico-metodológico, utilizamos os conceitos de interculturalismo e comunicação intercultural. Entre os principais resultados, destacamos que processos comunicacionais, quando entendidos não somente a partir de seu alcance instrumental, mas, em seu sentido de vinculação sociocultural, interação simbólica e produção subjetiva, podem ter caráter mobilizador coletivo e de reconhecimento identitário visando, muitas vezes, a transformação da realidade social, ainda que essa signifique uma coexistência sociocultural capaz de ser negociada.


This interdisciplinary article aims to articulate issues of sociocultural diversity with the right to communication and health and identity recognition strategies. For this, we propose a qualitative content analysis about the communication produced by the Warmis Base Team ­ Convergences of Cultures on the case known as the Pro-cesarean project in SUS or PL 435/2019, comparing it with articles published about the theme in the traditional commercial media and in formal professional class institutions official notes involved with the case. As a theoretical-methodological resource, we use the interculturalism concept and intercultural communication. Among the main results, we highlight that communicational processes, when understood not only from their instrumental reach, but, in their sense of sociocultural attachment, symbolic interaction and subjective production, can have collective mobilizing character and identity recognition, often aiming at the transformation of social reality, even if it means a sociocultural coexistence able of being negotiated.


Este artículo, interdisciplinario, tiene como objetivo articular temas de diversidad sociocultural con el derecho a la comunicación y a la salud y estrategias de reconocimiento de identidad. Para esto, proponemos un análisis de contenido cualitativo de la comunicación producida por el Equipo Base de Warmis ­ Convergencias de las Culturas en el caso conocido como el Proyecto pro cesárea en SUS o PL 435/2019, comparándolos con artículos publicados sobre el tema en los medios comerciales tradicionales y con notas oficiales de instituciones formales de clase profesional involucradas en el tema. Como recurso teórico-metodológico, utilizamos los conceptos de interculturalidad y comunicación intercultural. Entre los principales resultados, destacamos que los procesos comunicacionales, cuando se entienden no solo desde su alcance instrumental, sino que, en su sentido de apego sociocultural, interacción simbólica y producción subjetiva, pueden tener un carácter movilizador colectivo y reconocimiento de identidad, con el objetivo de la transformación de la realidad social, aunque esa signifique una convivencia sociocultural capaz de ser negociada.


Assuntos
Humanos , Participação da Comunidade , Diversidade Cultural , Discurso , Estudos Interdisciplinares , Comunicação em Saúde , Mídias Sociais , Política Pública , Violência , Sistema Único de Saúde , Cesárea/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da Mulher , Parto Humanizado , Parto , Violações dos Direitos Humanos , Emigração e Imigração , Competência Cultural
10.
Int J Health Policy Manag ; 8(12): 734-736, 2019 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31779303

RESUMO

As Fotaki (2019) argues, the current political climate in Europe is threatening principles of humanitarianism, particularly among refugees and asylum seekers. This commentary builds on that argument, with a spotlight on mental health and culturally relevant service design. By addressing some of the barriers faced by refugees and asylum seekers in accessing mental healthcare, we can address inequalities and develop compassionate societies.


Assuntos
Refugiados , Altruísmo , Diversidade Cultural , Empatia , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Saúde Mental
13.
J Clin Ethics ; 30(3): 201-206, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573962

RESUMO

Two core questions in pediatric ethics concern when and how physicians are ethically permitted to intervene in parental treatment decisions (intervention principles), and the goals or values that should direct physicians' and parents' decisions about the care of children (guidance principles). Lainie Friedman Ross argues in this issue of The Journal of Clinical Ethics that constrained parental autonomy (CPA) simultaneously answers both questions: physicians should intervene when parental treatment preferences fail to protect a child's basic needs or primary goods, and both physicians and parents should be guided by a commitment to protect a child's basic needs and primary goods. In contrast, we argue that no principle-neither Ross's CPA, nor the best interest standard or the harm threshold-can serve as both an intervention principle and a guidance principle. First, there are as many correct intervention principles as there are different kinds of interventions, since different kinds of interventions can be justified under different conditions. Second, physicians and parents have different guidance principles, because the decisions physicians and parents make for a child should be informed by different values and balanced by different (potentially) conflicting commitments.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Pediatria , Médicos , Criança , Diversidade Cultural , Humanos , Pais
15.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(6): 358-360, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478988

RESUMO

The educational structure of many nursing programs is largely monocultural, with a traditional pedagogy. Empowered holistic nursing education (EHNE) creates a learning environment with more cultural responsiveness and support for diverse classrooms. The aim of this study was to determine what impact the theory had on diversification. With EHNE the philosophical framework of a new RN-to-BSN program, student demographic data were collected, along with exit survey questions. A statistically significant increase was found in the diversification of the six cohorts. The EHNE shows potential as a programmatic framework for increasing diversification of the nursing profession.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Enfermagem Holística/educação , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Diversidade Cultural , Humanos , Pesquisa em Educação de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Public Health ; 175: 120-128, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31473368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous research indicates that the impact of immigration on health tends to be specific as it is influenced by many factors such as life stage and host country. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between immigration and adolescent health within the multicultural context of the Brussels-Capital Region in Belgium. STUDY DESIGN: The study was based on the 2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey. The sample consisted of 2962 adolescents from the fifth grade of primary to the last grade of secondary schools in Brussels. METHODS: Associations between health indicators and immigration status were analysed using multivariable logistic regression models adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics. RESULTS: Natives, first-generation immigrants, second-generation immigrants with both parents born abroad and second-generation immigrants with one parent born abroad represented 19%, 23%, 36% and 22% of the respondents, respectively. Sociodemographic characteristics and health behaviours varied according to immigrant status. Young immigrants were more likely to present overweight (odds ratio [OR] first-generation immigrants vs. natives = 1.76 [95% confidence interval {CI} = 1.16-2.65]; OR second-generation immigrants with both parents born abroad vs. natives = 2.06 [95% CI = 1.41-3.02]; OR second-generation immigrants with one parent born abroad vs. natives = 1.69 [95% CI = 1.12-2.56]). This effect turned out to be partially explained by sociodemographic status and health-related behaviours. No association was detected between immigration and self-rated health and multiple recurrent symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Discrepancies in health behaviours and weight status were identified between adolescents of different immigration background, whereas this was not the case for well-being. Socio-economic status, cultural characteristics and specific behaviours partly explained these findings. Future research is needed to better understand immigration-related risk and protective factors, at individual and school levels.


Assuntos
Saúde do Adolescente/estatística & dados numéricos , Diversidade Cultural , Emigrantes e Imigrantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Emigração e Imigração/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Bélgica , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
17.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1096, 2019 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31409317

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Culturally competent health care service delivery can improve health outcomes, increasing the efficiency of clinical staff, and greater patient satisfaction. We aimed to explore the experience of patients with limited English proficiency and professional interpreters in an acute hospital setting. METHODS: In-depth interviews explored the experiences of four culturally and linguistically diverse communities with regards to their recent hospitalisation and access to interpreters. We also conducted focus group with professional interpreters working. Data were analysed using an inductive thematic approach with constant comparison. RESULTS: Individual interviews were conducted with 12 patients from Greek, Chinese, Dari and Vietnamese backgrounds. Focus groups were conducted with 11 professional interpreters. Key themes emerged highlighting challenges to the delivery of health care due distress and lack of advocacy in patients. Interpreters struggled due to a reliance on family to act as interpreters and hospital staff proficiency in working with them. CONCLUSIONS: In an era of growing ethnic diversity this study confirms the complexity of providing a therapeutic relationships in contemporary health practice. This can be enhanced by training towards the effective use of professional interpreters in a hospital setting. Such efforts should be multidisciplinary and collective in order to ensure patients don't fall through the gaps with regards to the provision of culturally competent care.


Assuntos
Barreiras de Comunicação , Assistência à Saúde Culturalmente Competente , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Linguagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Austrália , Diversidade Cultural , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pacientes/psicologia , Pacientes/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Tradução
18.
Am J Orthopsychiatry ; 89(5): 543-548, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436467

RESUMO

Hazardous alcohol use is associated with deleterious health effects and social consequences, reduced work productivity, and increased medical and criminal justice expenditures. Research has consistently shown not only ethnic differences in prevalence rates of drinking behaviors and alcohol use disorders but also negative alcohol-related consequences and treatment-seeking patterns. Mainstream alcohol research has tended to focus on determinants and mechanisms that are common across ethnocultural groups; hence, there are tremendous opportunities to address issues that are especially pertinent to alcohol use and misuse in ethnic minority communities. Articles in this special issue present state-of-the-science investigations that address risk and protective factors associated with alcohol initiation, cognitions around alcohol use, high-risk behaviors, and drinking outcomes across segments of the U.S. population. Using generalizability, group differences, and multicultural approaches, as well as variable- and person-centered methods, these articles showcase a range of factors that warrant systematic examination. We encourage scholars, practitioners, and policymakers to consider culturally relevant factors and pathways across individual, social, and cultural levels and to develop a comprehensive understanding of alcohol use outcomes. These approaches have the translational potential to reduce ethnic disparities in alcohol use and misuse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/etnologia , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Diversidade Cultural , Grupos Étnicos , Grupos Minoritários , Comportamentos de Risco à Saúde , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Fatores de Proteção
19.
Public Health Genomics ; 22(1-2): 58-68, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Translational research in genomics has limited reach and requires efforts to broaden access and utility in diverse populations. Skin cancer is common and rates are rising, including among Hispanics. Germline variants in the melanocortin-1 receptor (MC1R) gene are common in the population and confer moderate risk for melanoma and basal cell cancers across skin types. Feedback about MC1R risk status may promote skin cancer risk awareness and risk reduction. AIMS: We examined the level of interest in pursuing MC1R testing, and patterns of interest across skin cancer perceived threat and control attitudes, cultural beliefs (family influence on health, health system distrust, cancer fatalism, skin cancer misconceptions), and health literacy. METHODS: We used a study website to inform primary care patients in Albuquerque, NM about the benefits and drawbacks of MC1R testing. Website logon, request of a saliva test kit, and return of the test kit (yes vs. no) were primary assessments of study interest and uptake. RESULTS: Of 499 participants provided with a test offer, 33% requested and returned the test. Lower family influence on participants' health was an important factor both overall and within ethnicity subgroups, and may indicate that primary care patients interested in skin cancer genetic testing see themselves as proactive health seekers, independent from family encouragement. Lower self-efficacy for skin cancer prevention was also an important characteristic of those who tested. CONCLUSION: As evidence for common genetic markers for skin cancer accumulates, these findings suggest characteristics of those most likely to pursue genetic testing for skin cancer risk.


Assuntos
Atitude Frente a Saúde , Diversidade Cultural , Alfabetização em Saúde , Hispano-Americanos/psicologia , Melanoma , Psicologia , Receptor Tipo 1 de Melanocortina , Neoplasias Cutâneas , Adulto , Feminino , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Melanoma/etnologia , Melanoma/genética , Melanoma/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , New Mexico/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Receptor Tipo 1 de Melanocortina/análise , Receptor Tipo 1 de Melanocortina/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etnologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/psicologia
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1159, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438929

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Limited information is available from longitudinal studies regarding the predictors and incidence of MCI in older Asian adults. Thus, a community-based longitudinal study was conducted to determine the incidence of MCI among multi-ethnic older adults in Malaysia. The role of health and lifestyle as predictors of MCI was also examined. METHODS: Analysis of data obtained from the Towards Useful Aging (TUA) study (2014-2016), wave 1 (baseline) and wave 2 (1½ years of follow-up) was conducted. For the baseline, comprehensive, interview-based questionnaires were administered to 1227 subjects who were 60 years old and above. MCI is a unique transitional state between normal ageing and dementia. MCI characteristics include a decline and disturbance of cognition, minimal impairment of complex activities, ability to perform regular daily functions, and absence of dementia. The incidence of MCI was assessed using comprehensive neuropsychological batteries. The study then performed a logistic regression analysis to examine the effect of each possible predictor of MCI. This analysis began with univariate analyses and a separate review of the effect of every variable. Binary logistic analyses followed hereafter. RESULTS: During the follow-up after 1½ years, 179 (14.6%) of the participants who did not exhibit MCI at baseline were observed to have developed MCI. Among the participants who did not exhibit MCI at baseline, the incidence rate was 10.5 per 100 person-years. Male sex and lack of engagement in mental activities were predictors of MCI among participants without MCI at baseline. CONCLUSION: After the 1½-year follow-up, the incidence rate for MCI was considerably high among the respondents. Being male and being less engaged in mental activities were predictors of the occurrence of MCI. Mental activities need to be promoted for the prevention of MCI incidence among older adults.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/etnologia , Diversidade Cultural , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Idoso , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Longitudinais , Malásia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA