Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 9.033
Filtrar
4.
Am J Case Rep ; 25: e941509, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND There has been an increase in the use of inhalation methods to abuse drugs, including freebasing crack cocaine (alkaloid) and inhaling methamphetamine vapor. This report is of a 25-year-old man with a history of substance abuse presenting with pneumomediastinum due to methamphetamine vapor inhalation. Acute pneumomediastinum is an extremely rare complication of methamphetamine use. CASE REPORT A 25-year-old man was treated for polysubstance abuse following 9 days of methamphetamine abuse. EKG did not show any ST &T change. D-dimer was normal, at 0.4 mg/L, so we did not do further work-up for pulmonary embolism. His chest pain worsened in the Emergency Department (ED), and a physical exam demonstrated crepitation of the posterior neck, trapezius, and right scapula. A portable chest X-ray revealed subcutaneous air over the right scapular region, in addition to pneumomediastinum. The urine drug screen test was positive for methamphetamine. A chest CT was ordered, which showed a moderate-volume pneumomediastinum with soft-tissue air tracking into the lower neck and along the right chest wall. The patient underwent an esophagogram, which showed no air leak, and Boerhaave's syndrome was ruled out. His symptoms improved and he did not require any surgical intervention. CONCLUSIONS Considering the higher rates of illicit substance use, especially methamphetamine, it is important to pay attention to the associated pathologies and to keep spontaneous pneumomediastinum on the list of differentials for patients using methamphetamine, particularly those who inhale it, which can cause pneumomediastinum, even without Boerhaave's syndrome.


Assuntos
Doenças do Esôfago , Doenças do Mediastino , Enfisema Mediastínico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias , Parede Torácica , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Enfisema Mediastínico/diagnóstico por imagem , Enfisema Mediastínico/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Ruptura Espontânea
5.
Med Sci Monit ; 30: e942080, 2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584384

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Exploring the factors that impact the time from symptom onset to first medical contact (S2FMC) is crucial for improving outcomes in elderly patients diagnosed with acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study conducted a retrospective analysis on 282 patients who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in Guangzhou City District to identify significant factors affecting S2FMC. MATERIAL AND METHODS A retrospective analysis was conducted on 282 patients with STEMI who underwent emergency percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were used to identify significant factors affecting S2FMC. Additionally, interactions between risk factors were examined using multivariate logistic regression and the structural equation model (SEM). RESULTS Age (HR=0.984, 95% CI: 0.975-0.993), nature of chest pain (HR=2.561, 95% CI: 1.900-3.458), admission mode (HR=1.805, 95% CI: 1.358-2.400), and vascular characteristics (HR=1.246, 95% CI: 1.069-1.451) were independent influencing factors for S2FMC. Persistent chest tightness/pain, EMS admission, and vascular characteristics (RCADL or LCADL) played a protective role in S2FMC. Among the influencing factors, vascular characteristics (OR=1.072, 95% CI: 1.008-1.141) had an independent effect on the nature of chest pain. Meanwhile, the nature of chest pain (OR=1.148, 95% CI: 1.015-1.298) was an independent influencing factor in the admission mode. CONCLUSIONS Patients with persistent chest tightness/pain, EMS admission, and vascular characteristics (RCADL or LCADL) experienced shorter S2FMC and higher compliance rate (S2FMC ≤180 min). At the same time, age and other vascular features played an inverse role. This study proposes enhancing follow-up and monitoring measures, and shows the consequences of intermittent chest pain should not be disregarded.


Assuntos
Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Humanos , Idoso , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Fatores de Tempo , Dor no Peito/etiologia
7.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0294461, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626180

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess and determine the presentation, risk factors, and outcomes of pediatric patients who were admitted for cardiac-related chest pain. BACKGROUND: Although chest pain is common in children, most cases are due to non-cardiac etiology. The risk of misdiagnosis and the pressure of potentially adverse outcomes can lead to unnecessary diagnostic testing and overall poorer patient experiences. Additionally, this can lead to a depletion of resources that could be better allocated towards patients who are truly suffering from cardiac-related pathology. METHODS: This review was conducted per PRISMA guidelines. This systematic review used several databases including MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, and Web of Science to obtain its articles for review. RESULTS: A total of 6,520 articles were identified, and 11 articles were included in the study. 2.5% of our study population was found to have cardiac-related chest pain (prevalence = 0.025, 95% CI [0.013, 0.038]). The most commonly reported location of pain was retrosternal chest pain. 97.5% of the study population had a non-cardiac cause of chest pain, with musculoskeletal pain being identified as the most common cause (prevalence = 0.357, 95% CI [0.202, 0.512]), followed by idiopathic (prevalence = 0.352, 95% CI [0.258, 0.446]) and then gastrointestinal causes (prevalence = 0.053, 95% CI [0.039, 0.067]). CONCLUSIONS: The overwhelming majority of pediatric chest pain cases stem from benign origins. This comprehensive analysis found musculoskeletal pain as the predominant culprit behind chest discomfort in children. Scrutinizing our study cohort revealed that retrosternal chest pain stands as the unequivocal epicenter of this affliction. Thorough evaluation of pediatric patients manifesting with chest pain is paramount for the delivery of unparalleled care, especially in the context of potential cardiac risks in the emergency department.


Assuntos
Dor Musculoesquelética , Humanos , Criança , Dor Musculoesquelética/complicações , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Fatores de Risco , Hospitalização
11.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 60(4)2024 Apr 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38674303

RESUMO

Background and Objectives. In emergency departments, chest pain is a common concern, highlighting the critical importance of distinguishing between acute coronary syndrome and other potential causes. Our research aimed to introduce and implement the HEAR score, specifically, in remote emergency outposts in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Materials and Methods. This follow-up study conducted a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort consisting of patients who were admitted to the remote emergency medicine outposts in Canton Sarajevo and Zenica from 1 November to 31 December 2023. Results. This study comprised 103 (12.9%) patients with low-risk HEAR scores and 338 (83.8%) with high-risk HEAR scores, primarily female (221, 56.9%), with a mean age of 63.5 ± 11.2). Patients with low-risk HEAR scores were significantly younger (50.5 ± 15.6 vs. 65.9 ± 12.1), had fewer smokers (p < 0.05), and exhibited a lower incidence of cardiovascular risk factors compared to those with high-risk HEAR scores. Low-risk HEAR score for prediction of AMI had a sensitivity of 97.1% (95% CI 89.9-99.6%); specificity of 27.3% (95% CI 22.8-32.1%); PPV of 19.82% (95% CI 18.67-21.03%), and NPV of 98.08% (95% CI 92.80-99.51%). Within 30 days of the admission to the emergency department outpost, out of all 441 patients, 100 (22.7%) were diagnosed with MACE, with AMI 69 (15.6%), 3 deaths (0.7%), 6 (1.4%) had a CABG, and 22 (4.9%) underwent PCI. A low-risk HEAR score had a sensitivity of 97.0% (95% CI 91.7-99.4%) and specificity of 27.3% (95% CI 22.8-32.1%); PPV of 25.5% (95% CI 25.59-28.37%); NPV of 97.14% (95% CI 91.68-99.06%) for 30-day MACE. Conclusions. In conclusion, the outcomes of this study align with existing research, underscoring the effectiveness of the HEAR score in risk stratification for patients with chest pain. In practical terms, the implementation of the HEAR score in clinical decision-making processes holds significant promise.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Humanos , Bósnia e Herzegóvina/epidemiologia , Feminino , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto , Seguimentos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina de Emergência/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico
12.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 74(3): 580-581, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591303

RESUMO

A 5 year old boy with acute ly mphoblastic leukaemia on chemotherapy presented with chest pain and vomiting for two days after an elective procedure under general anaesthesia. H is ches t x-ray was remarkabl e for a promin ent halo sign, an air gap surrounding the he art indicat ing a large pneumope ricardium. Alth ough the pneu mo pericardium could not be appre ciated on an echocardiogram, the child developed clinical sig ns of cardiac t amponade. Attem pts to evacu ate the pneumopericardium were unsuccessful leading to death.


Assuntos
Pneumopericárdio , Masculino , Criança , Humanos , Pré-Escolar , Pneumopericárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumopericárdio/etiologia , Raios X , Radiografia , Pericárdio , Dor no Peito/etiologia
13.
Arq Bras Cardiol ; 121(3): e20230049, 2024.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597551

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The management of unstable angina (UA) presents a challenge due to its subjective diagnosis and limited representation in randomized clinical trials that inform current practices. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to identify key factors associated with the indication for invasive versus non-invasive stratification in this population and to evaluate factors associated with stratification test results. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included patients hospitalized with UA over a consecutive 20-month period. To assess factors associated with stratification strategies, patients were divided into invasive stratification (coronary angiography) and non-invasive stratification (other methods) groups. For the analysis of factors related to changes in stratification tests, patients were categorized into groups with or without obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) or ischemia, as per the results of the requested tests. Comparisons between groups and multiple logistic regression analyses were performed, with statistical significance set at a 5% level. RESULTS: A total of 729 patients were included, with a median age of 63 years and a predominance of males (64.6%). Factors associated with invasive stratification included smoking (p = 0.001); type of chest pain (p < 0.001); "crescendo" pain (p = 0.006); TIMI score (p = 0.006); HEART score (p = 0.011). In multivariate analysis, current smokers (OR 2.23, 95% CI 1.13-4.8), former smokers (OR 2.19, 95% CI 1.39-3.53), and type A chest pain (OR 3.39, 95% CI 1.93-6.66) were independently associated. Factors associated with obstructive CAD or ischemia included length of hospital stay (p < 0.001); male gender (p = 0.032); effort-induced pain (p = 0.037); Diamond-Forrester score (p = 0.026); TIMI score (p = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, only chest pain (type B chest pain: OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.38-0.93, p = 0.026) and previous CAD (OR 1.42, 95% CI 1.01-2.0, p = 0.048) were independently associated. CONCLUSION: The type of chest pain plays a crucial role not only in the diagnosis of UA but also in determining the appropriate treatment. Our results highlight the importance of incorporating pain characteristics into prognostic scores endorsed by guidelines to optimize UA management.


FUNDAMENTO: O manejo da angina instável (AI) é um desafio devido ao seu diagnóstico subjetivo e à sua escassa representação em ensaios clínicos randomizados que determinem as práticas atuais. OBJETIVOS: O objetivo deste estudo é identificar os principais fatores associados à indicação de estratificação invasiva ou não nessa população e avaliar os fatores associados às alterações nos exames de estratificação. MÉTODOS: Coorte retrospectiva de pacientes internados por AI, em um período de 20 meses consecutivos. Para avaliar os fatores associados à estratégia de estratificação, os pacientes foram divididos em estratificação invasiva (cinecoronariografia) e não invasiva (demais métodos). Para análise de fatores relacionados às alterações nos exames de estratificação, os pacientes foram divididos em grupos com ou sem doença arterial coronariana (DAC) obstrutiva ou isquemia, conforme resultados dos exames solicitados. Foram realizadas comparações entre grupos e análise de regressão logística múltipla, com significância estatística definida em um nível de 5%. RESULTADOS: 729 pacientes foram incluídos, com mediana de idade de 63 anos e predomínio do sexo masculino (64,6%). Estiveram associados à estratificação invasiva: tabagismo (p = 0,001); tipo de dor torácica (p < 0,001); dor "em crescendo" (p = 0,006); escore TIMI (p = 0,006); escore HEART (p = 0,011). Na análise multivariada, tabagistas (OR 2,23, IC 95% 1,13-4,8), ex-tabagistas (OR 2,19, IC 1,39-3,53) e dor torácica tipo A (OR 3,39, IC 95% 1,93-6,66) estiveram associados de forma independente. Estiveram associados à DAC obstrutiva ou isquemia: tempo de internação hospitalar (p < 0,001); sexo masculino (p = 0,032); dor desencadeada por esforço (p = 0,037); Diamond-Forrester (p = 0,026); escore TIMI (p = 0,001). Na análise multivariada, apenas dor torácica (dor torácica tipo B: OR 0,6, IC 95% 0,38-0,93, p = 0,026) e DAC prévia (OR 1,42, IC 95% 1,01-2,0, p = 0,048) estiveram associadas de maneira independente. CONCLUSÕES: O tipo de dor torácica desempenha um papel crucial não apenas no diagnóstico da AI, mas também na definição do tratamento adequado. Nossos resultados destacam a importância de incorporar características da dor aos escores prognósticos endossados pelas diretrizes, para otimização do manejo da AI.


Assuntos
Cardiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Angina Instável/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Isquemia/complicações , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Medição de Risco/métodos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
16.
Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med ; 32(1): 19, 2024 Mar 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38468316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chest pain is responsible for millions of visits to the emergency department (ED) annually. Cardiac ultrasound can detect ischemic changes, but varying accuracy estimates have been reported in previous studies. We synthetized the available evidence to yield more precise estimates of the accuracy of cardiac ultrasound for acute myocardial ischemia in patients with chest pain in the ED and to assess the effect of different clinical characteristics on test accuracy. METHODS: A systematic search for studies assessing the diagnostic accuracy of cardiac ultrasound for myocardial ischemia in the ED was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, LILACS, Web of Science, two trial registries and supplementary methods, from inception to December 6th, 2022. Prospective cohort, cross-sectional, case-control studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that included data on diagnostic accuracy were included. Risk of bias was assessed with the QUADAS-2 tool and a bivariate hierarchical model was used for meta-analysis with paired Forest and SROC plots used to present the results. Subgroup analyses was conducted on clinically relevant factors. RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies were included, with 5043 patients. The overall summary sensitivity was 79.3% (95%CI 69.0-86.8%) and specificity was 87.3% (95%CI 79.9-92.2%), with substantial heterogeneity. Subgroup analyses showed increased sensitivity in studies where ultrasound was conducted at ED admission and increased specificity in studies that excluded patients with previous heart disease, when the target condition was acute coronary syndrome, or when final chart review was used as the reference standard. There was very low certainty in the results based on serious risk of bias and indirectness in most studies. CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac ultrasound may have a potential role in the diagnostic pathway of myocardial ischemia in the ED; however, a pooled accuracy must be interpreted cautiously given substantial heterogeneity and that important patient and test characteristics affect its diagnostic performance. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: PROSPERO (CRD42023392058).


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Isquemia Miocárdica , Humanos , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Injury ; 55(4): 111460, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38458000

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite the high incidence of blunt thoracic trauma and frequently performed conservative treatment, studies on very long-term consequences for these patients remain sparse in current literature. In this study, we identify prevalence of long-term morbidity such as chronic chest pain, shortness of breath, and analyze the effect on overall quality of life and health-related quality of life. METHODS: Questionnaires were send to patients admitted for blunt thoracic trauma at our institution and who were conservatively treated between 1997 and 2019. We evaluated the presences of currently existing chest pain, persistence of shortness of breath after their trauma, the perceived overall quality of life, and health-related quality of life. Furthermore, we analyzed the effect of pain and shortness of breath on overall quality of life and health-related quality of life. RESULTS: The study population consisted of 185 trauma patients with blunt thoracic trauma who were admitted between 1997 and 2019, with a median long term follow up of 11 years. 60 percent still experienced chronic pain all these years after trauma, with 40,7 percent reporting mild pain, 12,1 percent reporting moderate pain, and with 7,7 percent showing severe pain. 18 percent still experienced shortness of breath during exercise. Both pain and shortness of breath showed no improvement in this period. Pain and shortness of breath due to thoracic trauma were associated with a lower overall quality of life and health-related quality of life. CONCLUSION: Chronic pain and shortness of breath may be relatively common long after blunt thoracic trauma, and are of influence on quality of life and health-related quality of life in patients with conservatively treated blunt thoracic trauma.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Fraturas das Costelas , Traumatismos Torácicos , Ferimentos não Penetrantes , Humanos , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações , Traumatismos Torácicos/terapia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/terapia , Dor no Peito/epidemiologia , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Dor no Peito/terapia , Dispneia/terapia , Dispneia/complicações , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações
20.
Kyobu Geka ; 77(2): 94-99, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459857

RESUMO

We have operated on two cases of slipped ribs syndrome( SRS). Both patients were men in their 40s with a history of right thoracic trauma who were referred to us because of unexplained lower thoracic pain. The left rib was positive for hooking maneuver (lift test), and dynamic ultrasonography showed narrowing of the intercostal space, which led to the diagnosis of SRS. in the first case, the tip of the ninth rib cartilage was excised, and the ninth and tenth rib cartilages were sutured and fixed with No.2 fiber wire in two places with Z sutures. In the second case, the tip of the ninth rib cartilage was excised, the eighth and ninth ribs and the ninth and tenth ribs were fixed with No.2 fiber wire with Z sutures as in the first case, and a 0.7 mm thick poly-L-lactide (PLLA) plate was added between the eighth and tenth rib cartilages. In both cases, the postoperative course was good and the pain disappeared. SRS should be recognized as a disease and surgical treatment should be used as therapy.


Assuntos
Cartilagem Costal , Traumatismos Torácicos , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Síndrome , Costelas/diagnóstico por imagem , Costelas/cirurgia , Costelas/lesões , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Traumatismos Torácicos/complicações
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...