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1.
Biosens Bioelectron ; 255: 116267, 2024 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581838

RESUMO

External ventricular drainage is one of the most common neurosurgical procedures in the world for acute hydrocephalus, which must be performed carefully by a neurosurgeon. Although various neuromonitoring external ventricular drain (EVD) catheters have been utilized, they still suffer from rigidity and bulkiness to mitigate post-EVD placement trauma. Here, we introduce a flexible and low-profile smart EVD catheter using a class of technologies with sensitive electrical materials, seamless integration, and flexible mechanics, which serves as a highly soft and minimally invasive device to monitor electrical brain signals. This device reliably captures biopotentials in real time while exhibiting remarkable flexibility and reliability. The seamless integration of its sensory system promises a minimally invasive EVD placement on brain tissue. This work validates the device's distinct characteristics and performances through in vitro experiments and computational analysis. Collectively, this device's exceptional patient- and user-friendly attributes highlight its potential as one of the most practical EVD catheters.


Assuntos
Técnicas Biossensoriais , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Cateteres , Encéfalo , Drenagem/métodos
2.
J Exp Med ; 221(6)2024 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38563818

RESUMO

Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common cancer of the eye. The loss of chromosome 3 (M3) is associated with a high risk of metastases. M3 tumors are more infiltrated by T-lymphocytes than low-risk disomic-3 (D3) tumors, contrasting with other tumor types in which T cell infiltration correlates with better prognosis. Whether these T cells represent an antitumor response and how these T cells would be primed in the eye are both unknown. Herein, we characterized the T cells infiltrating primary UMs. CD8+ and Treg cells were more abundant in M3 than in D3 tumors. CD39+PD-1+CD8+ T cells were enriched in M3 tumors, suggesting specific responses to tumor antigen (Ag) as confirmed using HLA-A2:Melan-A tetramers. scRNAseq-VDJ analysis of T cells evidenced high numbers of proliferating CD39+PD1+CD8+ clonal expansions, suggesting in situ antitumor Ag responses. TCRseq and tumor-Ag tetramer staining characterized the recirculation pattern of the antitumor responses in M3 and D3 tumors. Thus, tumor-Ag responses occur in localized UMs, raising the question of the priming mechanisms in the absence of known lymphatic drainage.


Assuntos
Melanoma , Neoplasias Uveais , Humanos , Melanoma/terapia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Drenagem
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 30(9): 1018-1042, 2024 Mar 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38577184

RESUMO

A consensus meeting of national experts from all major national hepatobiliary centres in the country was held on May 26, 2023, at the Pakistan Kidney and Liver Institute & Research Centre (PKLI & RC) after initial consultations with the experts. The Pakistan Society for the Study of Liver Diseases (PSSLD) and PKLI & RC jointly organised this meeting. This effort was based on a comprehensive literature review to establish national practice guidelines for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (hCCA). The consensus was that hCCA is a complex disease and requires a multidisciplinary team approach to best manage these patients. This coordinated effort can minimise delays and give patients a chance for curative treatment and effective palliation. The diagnostic and staging workup includes high-quality computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography. Brush cytology or biopsy utilizing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography is a mainstay for diagnosis. However, histopathologic confirmation is not always required before resection. Endoscopic ultrasound with fine needle aspiration of regional lymph nodes and positron emission tomography scan are valuable adjuncts for staging. The only curative treatment is the surgical resection of the biliary tree based on the Bismuth-Corlette classification. Selected patients with unresectable hCCA can be considered for liver transplantation. Adjuvant chemotherapy should be offered to patients with a high risk of recurrence. The use of preoperative biliary drainage and the need for portal vein embolisation should be based on local multidisciplinary discussions. Patients with acute cholangitis can be drained with endoscopic or percutaneous biliary drainage. Palliative chemotherapy with cisplatin and gemcitabine has shown improved survival in patients with irresectable and recurrent hCCA.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/terapia , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Hepatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colangiocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Colangiocarcinoma/terapia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/patologia , Colangiopancreatografia Retrógrada Endoscópica , Drenagem
4.
West Afr J Med ; 41(2): 135-147, 2024 Feb 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581674

RESUMO

Surgically treated intracranial infections are among the common disease entities seen in neurosurgical practice. Several microbiological agents such as bacteria and fungi have been identified as responsible for intracranial infection. It affects all age groups, though microbial agents and risk factors vary with age. Presentation is non-specific and it requires a high index of suspicion, especially with a background febrile illness such as in the setting of poorly-treated meningitis and immunosuppressive conditions such as retroviral illness. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan is the diagnostic tool of choice; it helps to confirm the diagnosis and exclude other ring-enhancing lesions such as glioblastoma and metastatic brain tumours. Treatment involves medical and/or surgical treatment with clear indications. Surgical treatment includes the drainage of abscess via a twist drill or burrhole craniostomy, and craniotomy for recurrent cases. The advances recorded in the evolution of antibiotics and neuroimaging have helped to improve the outcomes of these patients with intracranial infection.


Les infections intracrâniennes traitées chirurgicalement font partie des entités pathologiques courantes rencontrées en pratique neurochirurgicale. Plusieurs agents microbiologiques tels que les bactéries et les champignons ont été identifiés comme responsables des infections intracrâniennes. Cela affecte tous les groupes d'âge, bien que les agents microbiens et les facteurs de risque varient avec l'âge. La présentation est non spécifique et nécessite un haut degré de suspicion, surtout en présence d'une maladie fébrile sous-jacente, comme dans le cas d'une méningite mal traitée et de conditions immunosuppressives telles que l'infection rétrovirale. L'imagerie par résonance magnétique (IRM) avec contraste est l'outil diagnostique de choix ; elle aide à confirmer le diagnostic et à exclure d'autres lésions à rehaussement annulaire telles que le glioblastome et les tumeurs cérébrales métastatiques. Le traitement implique un traitement médical et/ou chirurgical avec des indications claires. Le traitement chirurgical comprend le drainage de l'abcès par une trépanation ou une craniostomie à trou de trepan, et la craniotomie pour les cas récurrents. Les progrès enregistrés dans l'évolution des antibiotiques et de la neuro-imagerie ont contribué à améliorer les résultats de ces patients atteints d'infections intracrâniennes. MOTS-CLÉS: intracrânien, infection, abcès, antibiotiques, chirurgie.


Assuntos
Craniotomia , Meningite , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Craniotomia/efeitos adversos , Craniotomia/métodos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética/efeitos adversos , Drenagem
8.
Wiad Lek ; 77(2): 327-337, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38592997

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aim: data study on the results of treatment of acute non-specific purulent-destructive pleura diseases with the purpose of further improvement of its results on the basis of improvement of diagnostics, identification of factors of disease prognosis and by implementing differential tactics of surgical treatment with the use of minimally invasive interventions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: We have studied modern literary sources on the topic of current trends in the treatment of acute pleural empyema and its complications. The studied material is summarized and presented in the form of a literature review in this article. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: These issues cannot be considered to be completely solved and require further study. Everything mentioned above dictates the search of new effective methods of the treatment of the mentioned pathology and proves the relevance of the theme. The outlined information highlights the necessity of improvement of surgical tactics in patients with pleural empyema.


Assuntos
Empiema Pleural , Pleura , Humanos , Pleura/cirurgia , Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos
9.
Mymensingh Med J ; 33(2): 453-460, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557525

RESUMO

Treating breast abscess by conventional incision and drainage, followed by regular dressing with prolonged hospital stay, anesthesia, unsatisfactory scar and chances of developing milk fistula in lactating mother is unsatisfactory. Here we study the outcome of ultrasonogram guided multiple aspirations in non-admitted outpatient setup, for its effectiveness as a replacement of conventional surgery. This descriptive, prospective and observational study was carried out from July 2018 to December 2020 with purposive sampling of all cases of breast abscess in a secondary care hospital who underwent ultrasonogram guided aspiration and oral antibiotics, on multiple visits in outpatient department and followed up for three months to study outcome. Mean age of patient was 28.19 years. Fifteen (46.9%) were non-lactating women. The right breast 18(56.3%) and upper outer quadrant 8(25.0%) was affected slightly more. All cases had tender lump except one (3.1%) who had a non-tender lump, but 20(62.5%) had no maximum fluctuating point, usually found in abscesses of other parts of the body. Fever was not a common feature in 8(25.0%) patients and axillary lymph node was not palpable in 26(81.3%) patient. Eighteen (56.3%) patients had healthy nipple, 8(25%) patients had cracked and 5(15.6%) had retracted nipple 11(34.4%) with pus discharge from nipple. Mean duration of symptom was 7 days. Mean sonographic diameter was 5.53cm and volume was 21.09ml. Mean aspirated total volume was 28±10.5 ml. Fifteen (46.9%) patients required 3 aspirations, 10(31.3%) needed 4 aspirations. Success rate was 84.4%, while 25(78.1%) had no complications. Mean healing time in this study was 14 days. We conclude that multiple aspirations under ultrasonogram guidance in outpatient setup day care procedure, is equally effective as conventional surgery and also devoid of many avoidable complications, but meticulous evaluation and high suspicion of background pathology for non-responding case is crucial.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Lactação , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Abscesso/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Ultrassonografia , Drenagem/métodos
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 73(14): 312-316, 2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38602895

RESUMO

External ventricular drains (EVDs) are medical devices that are inserted into the ventricles of the brain to drain excess fluid, manage intracranial hypertension, monitor intracranial pressure, and administer medications. Unintentional disconnections and breaks or fractures (breaks) of EVDs or associated drainage system components can result in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage and increased risk for EVD-associated infections. After replacement of Integra Life Sciences EVD systems with Medtronic Duet EVD systems at Rhode Island Hospital in mid-September 2023, a threefold increase was observed in the prevalence of positive CSF cultures, from 2.8 per 1,000 days with an EVD in place (EVD days) during January-September 2023 to 11.4 per 1,000 EVD days during October 2023-January 2024 (rate ratio [RR] = 5.7; 95% CI = 1.5-22.0; p = 0.01) and an eightfold increase in the prevalence of infections, from 0.7 to 6.5 per 1,000 EVD days (RR = 9.8; 95% CI = 1.1-87.3; p = 0.04). An investigation by Rhode Island Hospital Infection Control during December 2023-January 2024 identified frequent reports of disconnections and breaks of the Medtronic Duet EVD system. A search of the Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience database identified 326 reports nationwide of disconnection and breaks of components of the Duet EVD system, including 175 during 2023. A Medical Product Safety Network report was filed. The Duet EVD product was ultimately recalled in January 2024, citing disconnections of the EVD system and reports of CSF leakage and infection. Given the widespread use of EVD systems by neurosurgery centers and the risk for EVD-associated infections, a strategy for future consideration by hospital infection prevention and control programs might be inclusion of EVD-associated infections in hospital surveillance programs to rapidly identify increases in these events and determine factors related to such infections to prevent additional infections.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar , Estados Unidos , Humanos , Rhode Island/epidemiologia , Drenagem/efeitos adversos , Encéfalo , Hospitais , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
J Int Med Res ; 52(4): 3000605241237680, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38606755

RESUMO

Intraventricular haemorrhage (IVH) is a severe and acute type of stroke with a complex pathophysiology and is a therapeutic challenge. This case report described a man in his early 50's diagnosed with IVH by computed tomography (CT). Although bilateral extraventricular drainage (EVD) was undertaken, a postoperative CT scan showed that while the left catheter was correctly positioned, the right catheter had been wrongly inserted into the cisterna ambiens. The procedure was equivalent to simultaneous EVD combined with cisternostomy. As a consequence, the haematoma was rapidly removed, the risk of infection and long-term hydrocephalus was reduced, and prognosis was improved. Large case-control studies or prospective studies are needed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of this treatment modality.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Hidrocefalia , Masculino , Humanos , Zolpidem/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Hemorragia Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemorragia Cerebral/etiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/cirurgia , Hidrocefalia/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos , Cateteres/efeitos adversos
12.
Urol Clin North Am ; 51(2): 263-275, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609198

RESUMO

It is estimated that 425,000 individuals with neurologic bladder dysfunction (spinal cordinjury, spina bifida and multiple sclerosis) are unable to volitionally void and must rely oncatheter drainage. Upper extremity (UE) motor function is one of the most important factors indetermining the type of bladder management chosen in individuals who cannot volitionally void. Novel bladder management solutions for those with impaired UE motor function and concurrent impairments involitional voiding continue to be an area of need. Those with poor UE motor function more often choose an indwelling catheter, whereas those with normal UE motor function more often choose clean intermittent catheterization.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso , Bexiga Urinária , Humanos , Cateteres de Demora , Drenagem , Extremidade Superior
13.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 24(1): 140, 2024 Apr 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38609864

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is preferentially treated by prompt endovascular coiling, which is not available in Guadeloupe. Subsequently, patients are transferred to Paris, France mainland, by commercial airplane (6751 km flight) after being managed according to guidelines. This study describes the characteristics, management and outcomes related to these patients. METHODS: Retrospective observational cohort study of 148 patients admitted in intensive care unit for a suspected aSAH and transferred by airplane over a 10-year period (2010-2019). RESULTS: The median [interquartile range] age was 53 [45-64] years and 61% were female. On admission, Glasgow coma scale was 15 [13-15], World Federation of Neurological Surgeons (WFNS) grading scale was 1 [1-3] and Fisher scale was 4 [2-4]. External ventricular drainage and mechanical ventilation were performed prior to the flight respectively in 42% and 47% of patients. One-year mortality was 16% over the study period. By COX logistic regression analysis, acute hydrocephalus (hazard ratio [HR] 2.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.98-5.58) prior to airplane transfer, WFNS grading scale on admission (HR 1.53, 95% CI 1.16-2.02) and age (OR 1.03, 95% 1.00-1.07) were associated with one-year mortality. CONCLUSION: When necessary, transatlantic air transfer of patients with suspected aSAH after management according to local guidelines seems feasible and safe.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Humanos , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/cirurgia , Aeronaves , Drenagem , França
14.
J Investig Med High Impact Case Rep ; 12: 23247096241235534, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38445307

RESUMO

Mediastinal masses present a diagnostic challenge due to their similar imaging characteristics, making distinguishing between noninfectious and infectious processes or malignancies difficult. A mediastinal abscess can result in severe life-threatening infections if left untreated. Traditional treatment approaches involve surgical debridement and drainage; however, emerging endobronchial techniques, such as endobronchial ultrasound-guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA), offer a less-invasive means of diagnosing and managing abscesses. Herein, we describe a case of a young male patient who exhibited nonspecific symptoms, including pleuritic chest pain, shortness of breath, and fever. Imaging revealed a mediastinal mass with granuloma formation. EBUS-TBNA successfully drained the abscess, and microbiology analysis confirmed the growth of Streptococcus intermedius. Subsequently, his symptoms resolved, and follow-up imaging demonstrated the resolution of the mass and associated calcifications. Further research is warranted to assess the role of EBUS-TBNA in benign mediastinal masses with granuloma formation.


Assuntos
Abscesso , Drenagem , Masculino , Humanos , Dor no Peito , Aspiração por Agulha Fina Guiada por Ultrassom Endoscópico , Granuloma
15.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 63(3): 291-294, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38448193

RESUMO

Objective: Quantified MRCP imaging data was used as a reference for design and preparation of a modified percutaneous transhepatic cholangio drainage (PTCD) tube. Methods: 3.0 T upper abdominal MR and MRCP imaging data of 2 300 patients treated from July 2015 to July 2020 at the Department of Radiology of the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were screened and a total of 381 patients diagnosed with biliary duct structures were identified. Causative etiologies among these patients included pancreatic adenocarcinoma (pancreatic head), cholangiocarcinoma, ampullary carcinoma, as well as intrahepatic and/or extrahepatic bile duct dilation. An improved PTCD tube was designed based on MRCP quantification of left and right hepatic and common hepatic duct length. Results: In the setting of biliary obstruction caused by malignancy, the distance of the left hepatic duct from its origin to the point of left and right hepatic duct confluence was 15.9±3.8 mm, while the distance of the right hepatic duct from its origin to the point of left and right hepatic duct confluence was 12.4±3.2 mm; the length of the bile duct from its origin to the point of left and right hepatic duct confluence was 34.0±8.1 mm. The improved PTCD tube design incorporated an altered length of the drainage orifice. Conclusion: MRCP imaging of the biliary tract is effective for measuring biliary tract length in the setting of pathological dilation. Based on our biliary tract measurements, a modified PTCD tube was designed to more effectively meet drainage requirements and manage biliary obstruction caused by Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅱ and Ⅲ malignancies.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma , Colestase , Neoplasias Pancreáticas , Humanos , Colangiopancreatografia por Ressonância Magnética , Drenagem
16.
Acta Gastroenterol Belg ; 87(1): 1-5, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38431784

RESUMO

Background: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided cystogastrostomy is the treatment of choice for managing symptomatic pancreatic fluid collections (PFC). However, studies on the number of stents for optimal drainage of PFCs are limited. Hence, the present study was conducted to compare the outcome of single versus two double-pigtail stents for endoscopic drainage of PFCs. Methods: This is a single-center, retrospective analysis of patients undergoing endoscopic drainage of PFCs with minimal necrosis (pseudocyst or walled-off necrosis with <30% solid content) at a tertiary center in South India from October 2020 to October 2022. Post-procedure, patients were followed up for clinical improvement, and stents were removed after documentation of cyst size reduction on imaging. Results: Sixty-three patients (82.5% males, median age: 34 years) fulfilling the selection criteria were included. For single stent placement (n = 47), stents of size 8.5 Fr or 10 Fr were used, while for placement of two stents (n = 16), 7 Fr stents were used. The technical success rate was 100%. Intraprocedural and early postprocedural adverse events (all mild to moderate) were comparable between the groups (17.0% with single stent vs. 25.0% with two stents, p = NS). Clinical success was achieved in 93.6% of patients, with no difference between both groups. Three patients in the single stent group required additional procedures. All patients underwent successful stent removal after a median follow-up of 14 weeks. Conclusion: A single pigtail stent of 8.5 Fr or 10 Fr size for EUSguided cystogastrostomy provides efficacy and safety similar to that of two stents.


Assuntos
Cistos , Pseudocisto Pancreático , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Stents/efeitos adversos , Endossonografia/métodos , Drenagem/métodos , Necrose , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J ; 24(1): 123-126, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38434467

RESUMO

Dermoid cysts are common benign ovarian tumours arising from totipotent germ cells. We report a rare case of chemical peritonitis and prolonged fever following laparoscopic salpingo-oophorectomy for torsion of a large ovarian dermoid and discuss the management of this patient with prolonged hospital stay, antibiotics and anti-inflammatory use, repeated drainage of the collection as well as re-laparotomy. The occurrence of this rare condition can be extremely distressing for the patient and treating surgeon alike, as the recommendations for management are limited. The management of chemical peritonitis may require one or more surgical procedures along with prolonged anti-inflammatory therapy.


Assuntos
Cisto Dermoide , Laparoscopia , Humanos , Feminino , Cisto Dermoide/complicações , Cisto Dermoide/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Drenagem , Anti-Inflamatórios
18.
Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue ; 36(2): 202-204, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38442939

RESUMO

The consensus has been reached on the benefits of surgical drainage. However, catheter-related blockage and retrograde infection remain bottleneck problems in the treatment process. To this end, with Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, as the main inventors, a drainage tube dredging umbrella and anti-retrograde infection kit have been designed and applied for the national utility model patent (patent number: ZL 2023 2 1300036.2). The main body of the kit consists of a catheter dredging umbrella, drainage tube, and drainage bag. Several isolation layers are installed in the drainage bag to form a maze structure and a reflux valve is added, thereby increasing the distance and resistance of liquid reflux, greatly reducing the possibility of liquid reflux entering the drainage tube, so as to reduce the risk of retrograde infection through physical means. When the drainage tube is blocked, the drainage tube and joint tube of the drainage bag can be separated, the unblocking umbrella can be inserted into the blockage through the guide wire, the cannula can be inserted along the guide wire, the guide wire is pulled to release the dredging umbrella in the contraction state, and the dredging umbrella can be pulled back in the expansion state until the blockage is removed from the drainage tube. The operating procedure is standardized and simple. While preventing retrograde infection (anti-retrograde infection kit), the catheter dredging umbrella could effectively address the issue of catheter blockage. It has certain clinical promotion and application value.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos , Drenagem , Humanos , Cânula , Consenso , Hospitais
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(10): e37402, 2024 Mar 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38457581

RESUMO

RATIONALE: This case report discusses the CT-guided percutaneous drainage of a pancreatic pseudocyst accompanied by a pseudoaneurysm. Pancreatic pseudocysts can erode the peripancreatic artery and produce pseudoaneurysms. This is rare, but it can be life-threatening. PATIENT CONCERNS: The case presented involves a 58-year-old female who was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer and underwent surgical treatment. She presented with hematochezia, dizziness, and hypodynamic findings with no obvious cause. Imaging revealed a pancreatic pseudocyst and small arterial aneurysms. To reduce the risk of aneurysm rupture, the patient underwent transcatheter arterial coil embolization. Three days later, CT-guided catheter drainage was performed to reduce the erosion of the arterial wall caused by pancreatic fluid. DIAGNOSES: The contrast-enhanced-CT imaging showed a round, slightly high-density lesion in the cyst, suggesting the presence of a pseudoaneurysm. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was sent for another transcatheter arterial embolization with coils and n-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate. OUTCOMES: After receiving the transcatheter arterial embolization, the patient had no serious bleeding or other complications. LESSONS: Early detection and accurate assessment of pseudoaneurysms are essential for appropriate management. This case shows that contrast-enhanced CT is necessary before CT-guided percutaneous drainage of pancreatic pseudocysts. It also shows that, due to the many complications that pancreatic pseudocysts may cause, appropriate treatment of pseudocysts complicated with pseudoaneurysm has important clinical significance.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma , Aneurisma Roto , Pseudocisto Pancreático , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pseudocisto Pancreático/complicações , Pseudocisto Pancreático/diagnóstico por imagem , Pseudocisto Pancreático/cirurgia , Falso Aneurisma/complicações , Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/efeitos adversos , Aneurisma Roto/complicações , Drenagem/métodos
20.
Kyobu Geka ; 77(2): 146-149, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459865

RESUMO

A 58-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with fever and neck swelling after dental treatment. He was diagnosed with a cervical abscess and underwent cervical abscess drainage, but 1 week later he developed descending necrotizing mediastinitis and was referred to our department. He underwent mediastinal and pleural drainage, but neck abscess was recured, Re-debridment of the neck abscess resulted in bleeding from right subclavian vein. The bleeding was successfully stopped with TacoSeal after L-shaped sternotomyand dissection of sternocleidomostoid muscle.


Assuntos
Mediastinite , Traumatismos Torácicos , Masculino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mediastinite/etiologia , Mediastinite/cirurgia , Abscesso/diagnóstico por imagem , Abscesso/etiologia , Abscesso/cirurgia , Veia Subclávia/diagnóstico por imagem , Veia Subclávia/cirurgia , Desbridamento , Necrose/cirurgia , Drenagem/métodos
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