Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 85.789
Filtrar
2.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): 91-96, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-231883

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descripción y análisis de la relación entre las fracturas de húmero proximal y la lesión traumática del nervio axilar circunflejo. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo, observacional, de una serie de casos consecutivos de fracturas de extremo proximal de húmero. Se realizó valoración radiográfica, clasificando las fracturas según el sistema AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen, Asociación de Grupo de Trabajo para el Estudio de la Fijación Interna de las Fracturas), y electromiografía (EMG) para la evaluación de la lesión del nervio axilar. Resultados: De 105 casos consecutivos de fracturas de húmero proximal, 31 pacientes cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Muestra: 86% mujeres y 14% hombres con edad media de 71,8 años (30-96 años). De los pacientes incluidos en el estudio, 58% presentó una EMG normal o leve axonotmesis, 23% presentó neuropatía del nervio axilar sin denervación muscular y 19%, lesión con denervación del nervio axilar. Los pacientes que sufrieron fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tuvieron más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG, siendo esta relación estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Los pacientes que sufren fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tienen más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG (p < 0,001).(AU)


Objective: Description and analysis of the relation between the proximal humerus fracture patterns and the traumatic injury of the axillary nerve. Material and method: Prospective, observational study of a consecutive case series that analyzed proximal humerus fractures. Radiographic evaluation was performed, and AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen) system was used to classify the fractures. Electromyography was used to diagnose the axillary nerve injury. Results: Thirty-one patients on 105 who had a proximal humerus fracture met inclusion criteria. Eighty-six percent of the patients included were women and 14% men. The mean age was 71.8 years (30–96 years). Of the patients included in the study, 58% had normal or mild axonotmesis EMG, 23% had axillary nerve neuropathy without muscle denervation and 19% had injury with axillary nerve denervation. Patients who suffered complex fractures of the proximal humerus (AO11B and AO11C) had a higher risk of presenting axillary neuropathy type lesions with muscle denervation in the EMG, this relationship being statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients who have more risk on presenting axillary nerve neuropathy with muscle denervation in electromyography are those who present complex proximal humerus fractures AO11B and AO11C (p<0.001).(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Eletromiografia , Fraturas do Úmero , Denervação , Ferimentos e Lesões , Fraturas Ósseas , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
3.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 68(2): T91-T96, Mar-Abr. 2024. tab, ilus
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-231884

RESUMO

Objetivo: Descripción y análisis de la relación entre las fracturas de húmero proximal y la lesión traumática del nervio axilar circunflejo. Material y método: Estudio prospectivo, observacional, de una serie de casos consecutivos de fracturas de extremo proximal de húmero. Se realizó valoración radiográfica, clasificando las fracturas según el sistema AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen, Asociación de Grupo de Trabajo para el Estudio de la Fijación Interna de las Fracturas), y electromiografía (EMG) para la evaluación de la lesión del nervio axilar. Resultados: De 105 casos consecutivos de fracturas de húmero proximal, 31 pacientes cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Muestra: 86% mujeres y 14% hombres con edad media de 71,8 años (30-96 años). De los pacientes incluidos en el estudio, 58% presentó una EMG normal o leve axonotmesis, 23% presentó neuropatía del nervio axilar sin denervación muscular y 19%, lesión con denervación del nervio axilar. Los pacientes que sufrieron fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tuvieron más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG, siendo esta relación estadísticamente significativa (p < 0,001). Conclusiones: Los pacientes que sufren fracturas complejas de húmero proximal (AO11B y AO11C) tienen más riesgo de presentar lesiones tipo neuropatía axilar con denervación muscular en la EMG (p < 0,001).(AU)


Objective: Description and analysis of the relation between the proximal humerus fracture patterns and the traumatic injury of the axillary nerve. Material and method: Prospective, observational study of a consecutive case series that analyzed proximal humerus fractures. Radiographic evaluation was performed, and AO (Arbeitsgemeinshaft für Osteosynsthesefragen) system was used to classify the fractures. Electromyography was used to diagnose the axillary nerve injury. Results: Thirty-one patients on 105 who had a proximal humerus fracture met inclusion criteria. Eighty-six percent of the patients included were women and 14% men. The mean age was 71.8 years (30–96 years). Of the patients included in the study, 58% had normal or mild axonotmesis EMG, 23% had axillary nerve neuropathy without muscle denervation and 19% had injury with axillary nerve denervation. Patients who suffered complex fractures of the proximal humerus (AO11B and AO11C) had a higher risk of presenting axillary neuropathy type lesions with muscle denervation in the EMG, this relationship being statistically significant (p<0.001). Conclusion: Patients who have more risk on presenting axillary nerve neuropathy with muscle denervation in electromyography are those who present complex proximal humerus fractures AO11B and AO11C (p<0.001).(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Eletromiografia , Fraturas do Úmero , Denervação , Ferimentos e Lesões , Fraturas Ósseas , Estudos Prospectivos , Traumatologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos
4.
BMC Womens Health ; 24(1): 239, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38616274

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surface electromyography (sEMG) of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs), compare between vaginal birth and cesarean section and correlate with maternity and obstetrics characteristics in primiparous 6-8 weeks postpartum. METHODS: PFMs surface electromyography screening data of primiparous postpartum women in our hospital at 6-8 weeks postpartum from 2018 to 2021 were selected and analyzed. The study collected data on delivery activities of 543 postpartum women totally. RESULTS: In general, the abnormal incidence of pelvic floor electromyography in postpartum women mainly occurred in slow muscle (type I fiber) stage and endurance testing stage. Compared to vaginal birth postpartum women, the incidence of abnormal pelvic floor electromyography in cesarean section postpartum women is lower. There were statistical differences in measurement values of pelvic floor electromyography in several different stages between cesarean section and vaginal birth (P < 0.005). Regarding the influence on pelvic floor electromyography, there were more influencing factors on vaginal birth postpartum women including age, height, weight, weight gain during pregnancy, gestational week, and first and second stage of labor than on cesarean section postpartum women whose influencing factors included age, weight gain during pregnancy, and newborn weight. CONCLUSION: Effects on surface electromyography (sEMG) of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) at 6-8 weeks postpartum differed based on the different modes of delivery. The high-risk obstetric factors closely related to abnormal surface electromyography (sEMG) of pelvic floor muscles (PFMs) were maternal age, height, weight, and second stage of labor.


Assuntos
Cesárea , Diafragma da Pelve , Gravidez , Recém-Nascido , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Eletromiografia , Período Pós-Parto , Aumento de Peso
5.
Otolaryngol Pol ; 78(2): 18-22, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38623857

RESUMO

<b><br>Introduction:</b> Electromyography (EMG) of the larynx provides information on the electrophysiological condition of laryngeal muscles and innervation. Integration of information obtained from the EMG exams with the clinical parameters as obtained by other methods for laryngeal assessment (endoscopy, perceptual and acoustic analysis, voice self-assessment) provides a multidimensional picture of dysphonia, which is of particular importance in patients with vocal fold (VF) mobility disorders accompanied by glottic insufficiency.</br> <b><br>Aim:</b> The aim of this study was to evaluate laryngeal EMG records acquired in subjects with unilateral vocal fold immobilization with signs of atrophy and glottic insufficiency.</br> <b><br>Material and methods:</b> From the available material of 74 EMG records of patients referred for the exam due to unilateral laryngeal paralysis, records of 17 patients with endoscopic features suggestive of complete laryngeal muscle denervation were selected. The EMG study of thyroarytenoid muscles of mobile and immobile VFs was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively at rest and during volitional activity involving free phonation of vowel /e/ [ε].</br> <b><br>Results:</b> In all patients, the EMG records from mobile VFs were significantly different from those from immobile VFs. Despite endoscopic features of paralysis, no VF activity whatsoever was observed in as few as 2 patients so as to meet the neurophysiological definition of paralysis. In 88% of cases, electromyographic activity of the thyroarytenoid muscle was observed despite immobilization and atrophy of the vocal fold. In these patients, neurogenic type of record was observed with numerous high- -amplitude mobility units. On the basis of the results, quantitative features of EMG records indicative of paralysis and residual activity of the thyroarytenoid muscle were determined.</br> <b><br>Conclusions:</b> Qualitative and quantitative analysis of laryngeal EMG records provides detailed information on the condition of vocal fold muscles and innervation. EMG records of mobile vs immobile VFs differ significantly from each other. Endoscopic evaluation does not provide sufficient basis for the diagnosis of complete laryngeal muscle denervation.</br>.


Assuntos
Disfonia , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais , Humanos , Prega Vocal , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/diagnóstico , Eletromiografia/métodos , Músculos Laríngeos , Endoscopia , Atrofia
6.
Sensors (Basel) ; 24(7)2024 Apr 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38610589

RESUMO

Functional electrical stimulation (FES) devices are widely employed for clinical treatment, rehabilitation, and sports training. However, existing FES devices are inadequate in terms of wearability and cannot recognize a user's intention to move or muscle fatigue. These issues impede the user's ability to incorporate FES devices into their daily life. In response to these issues, this paper introduces a novel wearable FES system based on customized textile electrodes. The system is driven by surface electromyography (sEMG) movement intention. A parallel structured deep learning model based on a wearable FES device is used, which enables the identification of both the type of motion and muscle fatigue status without being affected by electrical stimulation. Five subjects took part in an experiment to test the proposed system, and the results showed that our method achieved a high level of accuracy for lower limb motion recognition and muscle fatigue status detection. The preliminary results presented here prove the effectiveness of the novel wearable FES system in terms of recognizing lower limb motions and muscle fatigue status.


Assuntos
Fadiga Muscular , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Humanos , Eletromiografia , Estimulação Elétrica , Extremidade Inferior
7.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 21(1): 57, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627772

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Despite recent technological advances that have led to sophisticated bionic prostheses, attaining embodied solutions still remains a challenge. Recently, the investigation of prosthetic embodiment has become a topic of interest in the research community, which deals with enhancing the perception of artificial limbs as part of users' own body. Surface electromyography (sEMG) interfaces have emerged as a promising technology for enhancing upper-limb prosthetic control. However, little is known about the impact of these sEMG interfaces on users' experience regarding embodiment and their interaction with different functional levels. METHODS: To investigate this aspect, a comparison is conducted among sEMG configurations with different number of sensors (4 and 16 channels) and different time delay. We used a regression algorithm to simultaneously control hand closing/opening and forearm pronation/supination in an immersive virtual reality environment. The experimental evaluation includes 24 able-bodied subjects and one prosthesis user. We assess functionality with the Target Achievement Control test, and the sense of embodiment with a metric for the users perception of self-location, together with a standard survey. RESULTS: Among the four tested conditions, results proved a higher subjective embodiment when participants used sEMG interfaces employing an increased number of sensors. Regarding functionality, significant improvement over time is observed in the same conditions, independently of the time delay implemented. CONCLUSIONS: Our work indicates that a sufficient number of sEMG sensors improves both, functional and subjective embodiment outcomes. This prompts discussion regarding the potential relationship between these two aspects present in bionic integration. Similar embodiment outcomes are observed in the prosthesis user, showing also differences due to the time delay, and demonstrating the influence of sEMG interfaces on the sense of agency.


Assuntos
Membros Artificiais , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Extremidade Superior , Mãos , Algoritmos
8.
Ideggyogy Sz ; 77(3-4): 137-139, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38591923

RESUMO

Peripheral nerve injuries after being struck by lightning have been documented. Here, we report a case of cauda equina syndrome induced by lightning. A 27-year-old man presented with numbness, a burning sensation in the saddle region, and increased urinary urgency after being struck by lightning. He had absent Achilles reflexes and paresthesia in the saddle region upon neurological examination, and magnetic resonance imaging of the spine was normal. Electrophysiological studies indicated involvement of bilateral L5, S1, and S2 myotomes and revealed cauda equina lesions. 
Peripheral nerve injury induced by lightning is rare, and the evaluation of people with neurological complaints using electromyography will help determine the true incidence.

.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Cauda Equina , Cauda Equina , Lesões por Ação do Raio , Masculino , Humanos , Adulto , Síndrome da Cauda Equina/etiologia , Síndrome da Cauda Equina/patologia , Lesões por Ação do Raio/complicações , Lesões por Ação do Raio/patologia , Eletromiografia , Cauda Equina/diagnóstico por imagem , Cauda Equina/patologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética
9.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 268, 2024 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38582828

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a prevalent and debilitating condition that markedly affects the sit-to-stand (STS) activity of patients, a prerequisite for daily activities. Biomechanical recognition of movements in patients with mild KOA is currently attracting attention. However, limited studies have been conducted solely on the observed differences in sagittal plane movement and muscle activation. AIM: This study aimed to identify three-dimensional biomechanical and muscle activation characteristics of the STS activity in patients with mild KOA. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted to observe the differences between patients with mild KOA and a control group (CG). It was conducted to observe the differences in muscle activation, including root mean square (RMS%) and integrated electromyography (items), kinematic parameters like range of motion (ROM) and maximum angular velocity, as well as dynamic parameters such as joint moment and vertical ground reaction force (vGRF). RESULTS: Patients with mild KOA had a higher body mass index and longer task duration. In the sagittal plane, patients with KOA showed an increased ROM of the pelvic region, reduced ROM of the hip-knee-ankle joint, and diminished maximum angular velocity of the knee-ankle joint. Furthermore, patients with KOA displayed increased knee-ankle joint ROM in the coronal plane and decreased ankle joint ROM in the horizontal plane. Integrated vGRF was higher in both lower limbs, whereas the vGRF of the affected side was lower. Furthermore, patients showed a decreased peak adduction moment (PADM) and increased peak external rotation moment in the knee joint and smaller PADM and peak internal rotation moment in the ankle joint. The affected side exhibited decreased RMS% and iEMG values of the gluteus medius, vastus medialis, and vastus lateralis muscles, as well as a decreased RMS% of the rectus femoris muscle. Conversely, RMS% and iEMG values of the biceps femoris, lateral gastrocnemius, and medial gastrocnemius muscles were higher. CONCLUSION: The unbalanced activation characteristics of the anterior and posterior muscle groups, combined with changes in joint moment in the three-dimensional plane of the affected joint, may pose a potential risk of injury to the irritated articular cartilage.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Joelho , Humanos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Estudos Transversais , Extremidade Inferior/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Articulação do Joelho/fisiologia , Eletromiografia
10.
J Neural Eng ; 21(2)2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565124

RESUMO

Objective.Recent studies have shown that integrating inertial measurement unit (IMU) signals with surface electromyographic (sEMG) can greatly improve hand gesture recognition (HGR) performance in applications such as prosthetic control and rehabilitation training. However, current deep learning models for multimodal HGR encounter difficulties in invasive modal fusion, complex feature extraction from heterogeneous signals, and limited inter-subject model generalization. To address these challenges, this study aims to develop an end-to-end and inter-subject transferable model that utilizes non-invasively fused sEMG and acceleration (ACC) data.Approach.The proposed non-invasive modal fusion-transformer (NIMFT) model utilizes 1D-convolutional neural networks-based patch embedding for local information extraction and employs a multi-head cross-attention (MCA) mechanism to non-invasively integrate sEMG and ACC signals, stabilizing the variability induced by sEMG. The proposed architecture undergoes detailed ablation studies after hyperparameter tuning. Transfer learning is employed by fine-tuning a pre-trained model on new subject and a comparative analysis is performed between the fine-tuning and subject-specific model. Additionally, the performance of NIMFT is compared to state-of-the-art fusion models.Main results.The NIMFT model achieved recognition accuracies of 93.91%, 91.02%, and 95.56% on the three action sets in the Ninapro DB2 dataset. The proposed embedding method and MCA outperformed the traditional invasive modal fusion transformer by 2.01% (embedding) and 1.23% (fusion), respectively. In comparison to subject-specific models, the fine-tuning model exhibited the highest average accuracy improvement of 2.26%, achieving a final accuracy of 96.13%. Moreover, the NIMFT model demonstrated superiority in terms of accuracy, recall, precision, and F1-score compared to the latest modal fusion models with similar model scale.Significance.The NIMFT is a novel end-to-end HGR model, utilizes a non-invasive MCA mechanism to integrate long-range intermodal information effectively. Compared to recent modal fusion models, it demonstrates superior performance in inter-subject experiments and offers higher training efficiency and accuracy levels through transfer learning than subject-specific approaches.


Assuntos
Gestos , Reconhecimento Psicológico , Rememoração Mental , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Redes Neurais de Computação , Eletromiografia
11.
J Neuroeng Rehabil ; 21(1): 47, 2024 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38575926

RESUMO

Decoding movement intentions from motor unit (MU) activities to represent neural drive information plays a central role in establishing neural interfaces, but there remains a great challenge for obtaining precise MU activities during sustained muscle contractions. In this paper, we presented an online muscle force prediction method driven by individual MU activities that were decomposed from prolonged surface electromyogram (SEMG) signals in real time. In the training stage of the proposed method, a set of separation vectors was initialized for decomposing MU activities. After transferring each decomposed MU activity into a twitch force train according to its action potential waveform, a neural network was designed and trained for predicting muscle force. In the subsequent online stage, a practical double-thread-parallel algorithm was developed. One frontend thread predicted the muscle force in real time utilizing the trained network and the other backend thread simultaneously updated the separation vectors. To assess the performance of the proposed method, SEMG signals were recorded from the abductor pollicis brevis muscles of eight subjects and the contraction force was simultaneously collected. With the update procedure in the backend thread, the force prediction performance of the proposed method was significantly improved in terms of lower root mean square deviation (RMSD) of around 10% and higher fitness (R2) of around 0.90, outperforming two conventional methods. This study provides a promising technique for real-time myoelectric applications in movement control and health.


Assuntos
Contração Muscular , Músculo Esquelético , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Potenciais de Ação , Redes Neurais de Computação
12.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(7)2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38612590

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) presents a complex challenge in neurorehabilitation, demanding innovative therapeutic strategies to facilitate functional recovery. This study investigates the effects of treadmill training on SCI recovery, emphasizing motor function enhancement, neural tissue preservation, and axonal growth. Our research, conducted on a rat model, demonstrates that controlled treadmill exercises significantly improve motor functions post-SCI, as evidenced by improved scores on the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) locomotor rating scale and enhanced electromyography readings. Notably, the training facilitates the preservation of spinal cord tissue, effectively reducing secondary damage and promoting the maintenance of neural fibers in the injured area. A key finding is the significant stimulation of axonal growth around the injury epicenter in trained rats, marked by increased growth-associated protein 43 (GAP43) expression. Despite these advancements, the study notes a limited impact of treadmill training on motoneuron adaptation and highlights minimal changes in the astrocyte and neuron-glial antigen 2 (NG2) response. This suggests that, while treadmill training is instrumental in functional improvements post-SCI, its influence on certain neural cell types and glial populations is constrained.


Assuntos
Astrócitos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Ratos , Humanos , Neuroglia , Eletromiografia , Neurônios Motores , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Axônios
13.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8475, 2024 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605084

RESUMO

Prolonged local vibration (LV) can induce neurophysiological adaptations thought to be related to long-term potentiation or depression. Yet, how changes in intracortical excitability may be involved remains to be further investigated as previous studies reported equivocal results. We therefore investigated the effects of 30 min of LV applied to the right flexor carpi radialis muscle (FCR) on both short-interval intracortical inhibition (SICI) and intracortical facilitation (ICF). SICI and ICF were measured through transcranial magnetic stimulation before and immediately after 30 min of FCR LV (vibration condition) or 30 min of rest (control condition). Measurements were performed during a low-intensity contraction (n = 17) or at rest (n = 7). No significant SICI nor ICF modulations were observed, whether measured during isometric contractions or at rest (p = 0.2). Yet, we observed an increase in inter-individual variability for post measurements after LV. In conclusion, while intracortical excitability was not significantly modulated after LV, increased inter-variability observed after LV may suggest the possibility of divergent responses to prolonged LV exposure.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor , Vibração , Eletromiografia/métodos , Potencial Evocado Motor/fisiologia , Córtex Motor/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Inibição Neural/fisiologia
14.
Zhongguo Yi Liao Qi Xie Za Zhi ; 48(2): 119-125, 2024 Mar 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38605608

RESUMO

Population aging trend is taking place in our country, and low back pain is a symptom of neuromuscular diseases of concern in the elderly. Accurately analyzing the disease of low back pain is important for both timely intervention and rehabilitation of patients. As a kind of bioelectrical signal, the acquisition and analysis of lumbar electromyography (EMG) signal is an important direction for the study of low back pain. The study reviews the acquisition of lumbar EMG by different types of sensors, introduces the signal characteristics of needle electrodes, surface electromyography electrodes and array electrodes, describes the use of signal algorithms, points out that wireless sensors and the use of deep learning algorithms are the direction of development, and puts forward prospects for its further development.


Assuntos
Dor Lombar , Humanos , Idoso , Dor Lombar/reabilitação , Músculo Esquelético , Eletromiografia , Eletrodos , Algoritmos
15.
eNeuro ; 11(4)2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38565296

RESUMO

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique capable of inducing neuroplasticity as measured by changes in peripheral muscle electromyography (EMG) or electroencephalography (EEG) from pre-to-post stimulation. However, temporal courses of neuromodulation during ongoing rTMS are unclear. Monitoring cortical dynamics via TMS-evoked responses using EMG (motor-evoked potentials; MEPs) and EEG (transcranial-evoked potentials; TEPs) during rTMS might provide further essential insights into its mode of action - temporal course of potential modulations. The objective of this study was to first evaluate the validity of online rTMS-EEG and rTMS-EMG analyses, and second to scrutinize the temporal changes of TEPs and MEPs during rTMS. As rTMS is subject to high inter-individual effect variability, we aimed for single-subject analyses of EEG changes during rTMS. Ten healthy human participants were stimulated with 1,000 pulses of 1 Hz rTMS over the motor cortex, while EEG and EMG were recorded continuously. Validity of MEPs and TEPs measured during rTMS was assessed in sensor and source space. Electrophysiological changes during rTMS were evaluated with model fitting approaches on a group- and single-subject level. TEPs and MEPs appearance during rTMS was consistent with past findings of single pulse experiments. Heterogeneous temporal progressions, fluctuations or saturation effects of brain activity were observed during rTMS depending on the TEP component. Overall, global brain activity increased over the course of stimulation. Single-subject analysis revealed inter-individual temporal courses of global brain activity. The present findings are in favor of dose-response considerations and attempts in personalization of rTMS protocols.


Assuntos
Córtex Motor , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Humanos , Eletromiografia/métodos , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana/métodos , Córtex Motor/fisiologia , Eletroencefalografia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia
16.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0298958, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564497

RESUMO

Mental fatigue is common in society, but its effects on force production capacities remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate the impact of mental fatigue on maximal force production, rate of force development-scaling factor (RFD-SF), and force steadiness during handgrip contractions. Fourteen participants performed two randomized sessions, during which they either carried out a cognitively demanding task (i.e., a visual attention task) or a cognitively nondemanding task (i.e., documentary watching for 62 min). The mental fatigue was evaluated subjectively and objectively (performances and electroencephalography). Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force, RFD-SF, and force steadiness (i.e., force coefficient of variation at submaximal intensities; 25, 50, and 75% of MVC) were recorded before and after both tasks. The feeling of mental fatigue was much higher after completing the cognitively demanding task than after documentary watching (p < .001). During the cognitively demanding task, mental fatigue was evidenced by increased errors, missed trials, and decreased N100 amplitude over time. While no effect was reported on force steadiness, both tasks induced a decrease in MVC (p = .040), a force RFD-SF lower slope (p = .011), and a reduction in the coefficient of determination (p = .011). Nevertheless, these effects were not explicitly linked to mental fatigue since they appeared both after the mentally fatiguing task and after watching the documentary. The study highlights the importance of considering cognitive engagement and mental load when optimizing motor performance to mitigate adverse effects and improve force production capacities.


Assuntos
Força da Mão , Fadiga Muscular , Humanos , Eletromiografia , Mãos , Fatores de Tempo , Músculo Esquelético , Contração Isométrica , Contração Muscular , Fadiga Mental
17.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 25(1): 263, 2024 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38570738

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with idiopathic scoliosis commonly present with an imbalance of the paraspinal muscles. However, it is unclear whether this muscle imbalance is an underlying cause or a result of idiopathic scoliosis. This study aimed to investigate the role of paraspinal muscles in the development of idiopathic scoliosis based on surface electromyography (sEMG) and radiographic analyses. METHODS: This was a single-center prospective study of 27 patients with single-curve idiopathic scoliosis. Posteroanterior whole-spine radiographs and sEMG activity of the erector spinae muscles were obtained for all patients in the habitual standing position (HSP), relaxed prone position (RPP), and prone extension position (PEP). The Cobb angle, symmetrical index (SI) of the sEMG activity (convex/concave), and correlation between the two factors were analyzed. RESULTS: In the total cohort, the mean Cobb angle in the HSP was significantly greater than the mean Cobb angle in the RPP (RPP-Cobb) (p < 0.001), whereas the mean Cobb angle in the PEP (PEP-Cobb) did not differ from the RPP-Cobb. Thirteen patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly smaller than their RPP-Cobb (p = 0.007), while 14 patients had a PEP-Cobb that was significantly larger than their RPP-Cobb (p < 0.001). In the total cohort and two subgroups, the SI of sEMG activity at the apex vertebra (AVSI) in the PEP was significantly greater than 1, revealing significant asymmetry, and was also significantly larger than the AVSI in the RPP. In the RPP, the AVSI was close to 1 in the total cohort and two subgroups, revealing no significant asymmetry. CONCLUSION: The coronal Cobb angle and the SI of paraspinal muscle activity in AIS patients vary with posture changes. Asymmetrical sEMG activity of the paraspinal muscles may be not an inherent feature of AIS patients, but is evident in the challenging tasks. The potential significance of asymmetric paraspinal muscle activity need to be explored in further research.


Assuntos
Cifose , Escoliose , Humanos , Adolescente , Escoliose/diagnóstico por imagem , Eletromiografia , Músculos Paraespinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Prospectivos , Coluna Vertebral
18.
J Appl Physiol (1985) ; 136(4): 954-965, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38482578

RESUMO

Whether eccentric exercise involves active fascicle stretch is unclear due to muscle-tendon unit (MTU) series compliance. Therefore, this study investigated the impact of changing the activation timing and level (i.e., preactivation) of the contraction on muscle fascicle kinematics and kinetics of the human tibialis anterior during dynamometer-controlled maximal voluntary MTU-stretch-hold contractions. B-mode ultrasound and surface electromyography were used to assess muscle fascicle kinematics and muscle activity levels, respectively. Although joint kinematics were similar among MTU-stretch-hold contractions (∼40° rotation amplitude), increasing preactivation increased fascicle shortening and stretch amplitudes (9.9-23.2 mm, P ≤ 0.015). This led to increasing positive and negative fascicle work with increasing preactivation. Despite significantly different fascicle kinematics, similar peak fascicle forces during stretch occurred at similar fascicle lengths and joint angles regardless of preactivation. Similarly, residual force enhancement (rFE) following MTU stretch was not significantly affected (6.5-7.6%, P = 0.559) by preactivation, but rFE was strongly correlated with peak fascicle force during stretch (rrm = 0.62, P = 0.003). These findings highlight that apparent eccentric exercise causes shortening-stretch contractions at the fascicle level rather than isolated eccentric contractions. The constant rFE despite different fascicle kinematics and kinetics suggests that a passive element was engaged at a common muscle length among conditions (e.g., optimal fascicle length). Although it remains unclear whether different fascicle mechanics trigger different adaptations to eccentric exercise, this study emphasizes the need to consider MTU series compliance to better understand the mechanical drivers of adaptation to exercise.NEW & NOTEWORTHY Apparent eccentric exercises do not result in isolated eccentric contractions, but shortening-stretch contractions at the fascicle level. The amount of fascicle shortening and stretch depends on the preactivation during the exercise and cannot be estimated from the muscle-tendon unit (MTU) or joint kinematics. As different fascicle mechanics might trigger different adaptations to eccentric exercise, muscle-tendon unit series compliance and muscle preactivation need to be considered when eccentric exercise protocols are designed.


Assuntos
Músculo Esquelético , Tendões , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Tendões/fisiologia , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Eletromiografia , Exercício Físico , Contração Isométrica/fisiologia
19.
Comput Biol Med ; 173: 108384, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38554657

RESUMO

Reliable prediction of multi-finger forces is crucial for neural-machine interfaces. Various neural decoding methods have progressed substantially for accurate motor output predictions. However, most neural decoding methods are performed in a supervised manner, i.e., the finger forces are needed for model training, which may not be suitable in certain contexts, especially in scenarios involving individuals with an arm amputation. To address this issue, we developed an unsupervised neural decoding approach to predict multi-finger forces using spinal motoneuron firing information. We acquired high-density surface electromyogram (sEMG) signals of the finger extensor muscle when subjects performed single-finger and multi-finger tasks of isometric extensions. We first extracted motor units (MUs) from sEMG signals of the single-finger tasks. Because of inevitable finger muscle co-activation, MUs controlling the non-targeted fingers can also be recruited. To ensure an accurate finger force prediction, these MUs need to be teased out. To this end, we clustered the decomposed MUs based on inter-MU distances measured by the dynamic time warping technique, and we then labeled the MUs using the mean firing rate or the firing rate phase amplitude. We merged the clustered MUs related to the same target finger and assigned weights based on the consistency of the MUs being retained. As a result, compared with the supervised neural decoding approach and the conventional sEMG amplitude approach, our new approach can achieve a higher R2 (0.77 ± 0.036 vs. 0.71 ± 0.11 vs. 0.61 ± 0.09) and a lower root mean square error (5.16 ± 0.58 %MVC vs. 5.88 ± 1.34 %MVC vs. 7.56 ± 1.60 %MVC). Our findings can pave the way for the development of accurate and robust neural-machine interfaces, which can significantly enhance the experience during human-robotic hand interactions in diverse contexts.


Assuntos
Dedos , Mãos , Humanos , Dedos/fisiologia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Eletromiografia/métodos , Neurônios Motores/fisiologia
20.
J Int Med Res ; 52(3): 3000605241234585, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38443765

RESUMO

Myasthenia gravis (MG) is often complicated by respiratory failure, an exacerbation known as myasthenic crisis. However, most patients with MG develop respiratory symptoms during the late course of the disease. Respiratory failure as an exclusive initial and primary complaint in patients with MG is rare and seldom reported. We herein describe a woman in her late 50s who presented with respiratory failure and was diagnosed with obesity hypoventilation syndrome at a local hospital. Her condition gradually worsened during the next 4 months and became accompanied by dysphagia. After 1 year of medical investigation, she was diagnosed in our hospital. A high level of anti-muscle-specific receptor tyrosine kinase antibody was found in her serum, and stimulation and electromyography results suggested MG. The patient's symptoms were improved by intravenous immunoglobulin and hormone therapy. This case reminds physicians to consider MG when encountering a patient who initially presents with respiratory failure.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Miastenia Gravis , Insuficiência Respiratória , Feminino , Humanos , Eletromiografia , Hospitais , Miastenia Gravis/complicações , Miastenia Gravis/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Respiratória/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...