Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 19.072
Filtrar
2.
JAMA ; 323(1): 91, 2020 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910275
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 78-84, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977944

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine factors that influence nurses' perceptions of organizational compassion and their engagement with the organization. BACKGROUND: Despite agreement about the importance of compassionate healthcare, it is difficult for employees to consistently act compassionately when organizational leaders, managers, and systems of care fail to support compassion as a value. METHODS: The study used a cross-sectional design, and quantitative and qualitative data were collected through an online survey of nurses. RESULTS: Higher individual compassion and team compassion were associated with higher perceived organizational compassion, and higher organizational compassion was associated with greater engagement with the hospital. In contrast, high turnover rates and inadequate staffing were associated with lower perceived organizational compassion and lower engagement with one's organization. CONCLUSIONS: Adequate staffing, resource allocation, and practices that contribute to the sense that one is a supported member of a caring team focused on addressing patients' needs build the capacity for compassion within an organization.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estados Unidos
5.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 85-89, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine program effectiveness in changing Caritas leadership, self-caring behaviors, and perceptions of coworkers of participants who completed the Caritas Coach Education Program (CCEP). BACKGROUND: The CCEP has been a highly successful education program for individuals who wish to intellectually and experientially learn to teach, live, and practice human caring theory. METHODS: A pretest-posttest descriptive design was used to evaluate changes in perceptions of self-caring, caritas leadership, and coworker behaviors after completion of CCEP. RESULTS: The mean scores of all measures improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: After completion of CCEP, participants demonstrated statistically significant changes in 3 caritas measures: leadership, coworker, and self-rating. Caritas Coach participants exhibited the greatest change in their self-caring scores.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Empatia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Adulto , Arizona , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
6.
J Dent Educ ; 84(1): 22-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977091

RESUMO

Empathy is the fundamental substructure of moral behavior. Skillful clinicians may not necessarily be successful dentists if they do not have sufficient empathy. The aim of this study was to assess the level of empathy among dental students at King Abdulaziz University with an emphasis on the effect of gender and study level. A cross-sectional study was carried out among third- to sixth-year dental students of King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. A validated, self-administered Jefferson Scale of Empathy-Health Care Provider Student Version was distributed in academic year 2016-17 to all 380 students in the third to sixth years. A total of 300 students responded, for a response rate of 78.9%. The results showed that the students' mean empathy score was 84.84±11.28 on a range from 20 to 140. The fifth- and sixth-year students had higher scores than the third- and fourth-year students although the differences were not statistically significant. The mean empathy score of women students was significantly higher (p<0.001) than that of men students, and the women demonstrated significantly better perspective-taking (p<0.001) than the men. This study found that the students were empathetic and had a sense of moral obligation although their mean empathy score was not as high as expected. Integrating empathic, ethical, and professional elements into the dental curriculum is needed.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Odontologia , Estudantes de Medicina , Estudos Transversais , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Arábia Saudita , Universidades
8.
Am J Bioeth ; 20(2): 55-57, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990255
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18470, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895779

RESUMO

The appropriate approach to dental patients, developed during the course of dentists' training, is a prerequisite for the holistic treatment of patients. Empathy is an important component of such an approach. This study aimed to determine the levels of empathy among students of dentistry at different stages in their training.The Jefferson Scale of Empathy - Health Profession Students Version was used to conduct the research, and 100 dental students (66 female and 34 male) ranging from first to fifth year participated in the survey. The scale contained 20 questions, with a possible score interval between 20 and 140. A higher score indicates increased ability to express empathy.The level of empathy among dentistry students increased from the first and second to fourth years, where it reached its maximum. During the fifth year, a decrease in levels of empathy was observed.The increase in empathy during the dental course may be correlated with the growth of clinical practice during the subsequent years of study. A slight decrease in empathy in the fifth-year students may be due to the curricular focus on performing procedures, with students having to meet a set target in order to finish the course.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia , Adulto , Educação em Odontologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/métodos , Polônia , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
Sr Care Pharm ; 35(1): 38-46, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe recommendations made by geriatric clinical pharmacists within an innovative care model focusing on patients with dementia living at home. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Outpatients in a tertiary care Veterans Affairs health care system. PARTICIPANTS: Veterans who underwent a Caring for Older Adults and Caregivers at Home (COACH) Program assessment and had at least one medicationrelated recommendation made by a geriatric clinical pharmacist. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary endpoint was the number and category of medication-related recommendations made by a geriatric clinical pharmacist at the initial COACH program assessment. Secondary endpoints were recommendation acceptance rates and change in potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) at six months. RESULTS: There were 104 patients included. The mean age was 81 years and the majority of patients were male and Caucasian. At baseline, patients were receiving a mean of 12 medications/person, and 59% of patients were receiving at least one PIM. There were 248 total medication recommendations made, with a mean of 2.4 recommendations/person (range 1-5). The three most common recommendation categories were to discontinue a drug, decrease the dose, and switch to a potentially safer alternative. Providers accepted 110 (44%) recommendations within six months. Patients were receiving a mean of one PIM/person at baseline, and no change was observed at six months.CONCLUSION: This study describes recommendations made through medication reviews by geriatric clinical pharmacists within an innovative care model for patients with dementia living at home. These data may provide information to other clinical pharmacists implementing consult services in similar settings.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Farmacêuticos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Lista de Medicamentos Potencialmente Inapropriados , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(1): 52-58, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804408

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of the implementation of interprofessional shared governance and a caring professional practice model (Relationship-Based Care [RBC]) on the staff's self-report of caring, work engagement, and workplace empowerment over a 4-year time frame. BACKGROUND: Shared or interprofessional governance has moved mainstream within healthcare settings, particularly within agencies seeking to sustain high reliability in the offering of quality patient care services and/or interest in meeting Magnet standards or embarking upon the Pathway to Excellence. Nurse leaders report that organizations having implemented shared governance thrive, citing professional governance as key to workplace engagement and empowerment, particularly related to quality care initiatives. Transition to interprofessional shared governance structures typically takes 2 to 3 years. It is unknown whether related outcome variables are sustainable over time. METHODS: Utilizing Watson's theory of human caring and appreciative inquiry as underlying frameworks, a longitudinal, quantitative study design was employed. Interprofessional focus groups and introductory sessions were offered to inform and engage all personnel within the medical center. Motivated units were identified, professional shared governance council members elected, and unit-specific education provided. Quality improvement initiatives were facilitated within unit councils, and formal leadership programs to enhance project guidance and to support staff empowerment skills for the managers of the units that were up-and-running were provided. Preimplementation and postimplementation measurements of staff's caring, workplace engagement and work empowerment were assessed, compared, and trended across units over time. RESULTS: Only work empowerment scores among staff working within RBC units were sustainable and increased progressively and significantly over time. Work engagement levels initially rose and then stabilized over time. Caring levels remained stable despite the implementation of a caring professional practice model. Statistically significant correlations were noted between work engagement and empowerment, followed by the relationship between work engagement and caring, followed by the relationship between empowerment and caring. CONCLUSIONS: The sustainability of work empowerment is likely related to the periodic provision of education for leaders regarding leading within an empowered work environment. A stronger focus on staff caring, particularly within quality improvement initiatives, with leadership guidance, will be paramount moving forward.


Assuntos
Empatia , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Governança Compartilhada de Enfermagem , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
14.
Psychiatr Hung ; 35(1): 7-19, 2020.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31854318

RESUMO

The investigation of the role and the mechanisms of social categorization has been in the focus of psychological research for quite a long time. However, the developmental approach to categorization and the arrangement of empirical findings within this field into a unified framework have received little attention so far. Based on the currently available evidence the paper proposes a new theory of 'culturally shared knowledge'. With the help of this approach we would like to draw attention to the fundamental role of social categorization in adaptive learning. In addition to providing a theoretical explanation of the experimental results, the last chapter describes practical techniques that might prove useful in the development of an empathic multicultural environment in the future.


Assuntos
Diversidade Cultural , Empatia , Aprendizagem , Aculturação , Humanos
15.
Nurs Adm Q ; 44(1): 78-86, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31789752

RESUMO

Patient perception of caregiver empathy has been studied internationally for decades. Although leadership empathy has been described as having a critical influence on staff retention, this subject is less evident in the literature. This article described a study undertaken to gain a baseline understanding of nurses' perceptions of leader empathy from those they identify as their managers. A baseline for nurses' perception of leader empathy has been established that may be used to benchmark future interventions to assess and improve nurses' perception of their leaders' empathy in the work setting.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
16.
Soins Gerontol ; 24(140): 25-27, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806174

RESUMO

When cognitive disorders in the elderly are significant, for caregivers there remains the possibility of empathy, relational calm, time needed to help them access their memory, and escape the terrible sensation of not knowing. Entering a closed space dedicated to these seniors means creating contact with people who are lost in the twists and turns of a story they no longer recognise as their own. Feedback from an art-therapy workshop with cognitively fragile seniors, cut off from all references.


Assuntos
Terapia pela Arte , Transtornos Cognitivos , Idoso , Cuidadores , Transtornos Cognitivos/terapia , Empatia , Humanos
18.
Actas dermo-sifiliogr. (Ed. impr.) ; 110(10): 794-799, dic. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-185600

RESUMO

La Dermatología Estética se ocupa de la belleza y apariencia de la piel, una parte importantísima de la imagen corporal. Los tratamientos utilizados en Dermatología Estética (higiene, hidratación, protección, reparación) buscan potenciar las características propias de la piel, en su anatomía, función y vitalidad, y esto se traduce en mejoras del aspecto estético. La comunicación con el paciente es fundamental en la consulta médica y entendemos que la Dermatología Estética tiene connotaciones especiales que deben considerarse. En este artículo se presenta un modelo propio de tres pilares en la comunicación con el paciente estético y se exponen tres habilidades humanas como dichos pilares: asertividad, empatía y juicio crítico


Cosmetic dermatology deals with the beauty and appearance of the skin – a most important element of body image. Treatments used in cosmetic dermatology (hygiene, hydration, protection, repair) aim to enhance the characteristics of the skin, its anatomy, its function, and its vitality, to produce aesthetic improvements. Communication with the patient is essential in medical consultations and we believe that it has special connotations in cosmetic dermatology that must be taken into account. In this article, we present a 3-pillar model for communication with cosmetic dermatology patients that rests on 3 skills: assertiveness, empathy, and critical judgement


Assuntos
Humanos , Estética , Dermatologia/instrumentação , Dermatologia/tendências , Comunicação , Imagem Corporal , Guias como Assunto , Aptidão , Assertividade , Empatia , Motivação
19.
J Clin Ethics ; 30(4): 376-383, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31851628

RESUMO

An Asian Indian Hindu family chose no intervention and hospice care for their newborn with hypoplastic right heart syndrome as an ethical option, and the newborn expired after five days. Professional nursing integrates values-based practice and evidence-based care with cultural humility when providing culturally responsive family-centered culture care. Each person's worldview is unique as influenced by culture, language, and religion, among other factors. The Nursing Team sought to understand this family's collective Indian Hindu worldview and end-of-life beliefs, values, and practices, in view of the unique aspects of the situation while the team integrated evidence-based strategies to provide family-centered culture care. Parental care choices conflicted with those of the Nursing Team, and some nurses experienced moral distress and cultural dissonance when negotiating their deeply held cultural and religious views to advocate for the family. The inability to reconcile and integrate a stressful or traumatic experience impacts nurses' well-being and contributes to compassion fatigue. Nurses need to be intentional in accessing interventions that promote coping and healing and moral resilience. Reflection and cultural humility, assessment, and knowledge in context, increase evidence-based culture care and positive outcomes. U.S. society's views on ethical behavior continue to evolve, and some may argue that the law should place more limits on parents' right to choose or to refuse treatment for their infants and children. Moral distress can lead to moral resilience and satisfaction of compassion when nurses provide family-centered culture care with cultural responsiveness and integrate values-based practice with evidence-based care, and aim to first do no harm.


Assuntos
Enfermagem Familiar/ética , Princípios Morais , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Família/ética , Religião , Estresse Psicológico , Recusa do Paciente ao Tratamento/ética , Atitude Frente a Morte/etnologia , Criança , Cultura , Empatia , Hinduísmo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido
20.
Rev Med Chil ; 147(5): 618-627, 2019 May.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859894

RESUMO

Medical resilience is a dynamic capacity, which has the potential to improve the well-being of physicians and to enhance the quality of the clinical relationship. Strategies to promote resilience are important to achieve a sustainable medical practice and improve patient care. Mindfulness training has demonstrated to be an effective tool to promote resilience in physicians. This paper contextualizes the place of mindfulness in medical practice and describes the ways through which it can contribute to resilience in medicine. The concept of mindfulness, its relationship with health practice is reviewed and the benefits of the practice of mindfulness in the clinical relationship are described. We suggest that the benefits achieved through a mindfulness-based medical practice are mediated by two axes. One is the nonspecific and specific effect of mindfulness-based practices and the other is the integration of explicit and implicit knowledge of clinical practice. We conclude that medical practice that integrates mindfulness can contribute to the challenge of achieving greater levels of individual, staff and institutional resilience. There is a need to have continuing mindfulness training programs for health professionals and to integrate this concept in the curriculum of health care professionals.


Assuntos
Atenção Plena , Assistência ao Paciente/psicologia , Relações Médico-Paciente , Resiliência Psicológica , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Empatia , Humanos , Estresse Psicológico
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA