Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 24.995
Filtrar
1.
Med Educ Online ; 29(1): 2335739, 2024 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566612

RESUMO

While physician empathy is a vital ingredient in both physician wellness and quality of patient care, consensus on its origins, and how to cultivate it, is still lacking. The present study examines this issue in a new and innovative way, through the lens of self-determination theory. Using survey methodology, we collected data from N = 177 (44%) students at a Canadian medical school. We then used a person-centered approach (cluster analysis) to identify medical student profiles of self-determination (based on trait autonomy and perceived competence in learning) and how the learning environment impacted empathy for those in each profile. When the learning environment was more autonomy-supportive, students experienced higher satisfaction and lower frustration of their basic psychological needs in medical school, as well as greater empathy towards patients. The translation into increased empathy, however, was only evident among the students with higher self-determination at baseline. Results from this study suggest that autonomy-supportive learning environments will generally support medical students' psychological needs for optimal motivation and well-being, but whether or not they lead to empathy towards patients will depend on individual differences in self-determination. Findings and their implications are discussed in terms of developing theory-driven approaches to cultivating empathy in medical education.


Assuntos
Empatia , Estudantes de Medicina , Humanos , Canadá , Motivação , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia
2.
BMC Palliat Care ; 23(1): 84, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556855

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The interdisciplinary realm of medical humanities explores narratives and experiences that can enhance medical education for physicians through perspective-taking and reflective practice. However, there is a gap in comprehension regarding its appropriateness at the postgraduate level, especially when utilising art therapists as faculty. This study aims to assess the acceptability of an innovative art therapy-focused educational initiative among junior doctors during a palliative care rotation, with the goal of cultivating empathy and promoting well-being. METHODS: A qualitative research project was conducted at the Division of Supportive and Palliative Care (DSPC) in the National Cancer Centre Singapore (NCCS). The study involved the recruitment of junior doctors who had successfully completed a three-month palliative care rotation program, spanning from January 2020 to April 2021. In a single small-group session lasting 1.5 h, with 3 to 4 participants each time, the individuals participated in activities such as collage making, group reflection, and sharing of artistic creations. These sessions were facilitated by an accredited art therapist and a clinical psychologist, focusing on themes related to empathy and wellbeing. To assess the acceptability of the program, two individual interviews were conducted three months apart with each participant. An independent research assistant utilised a semi-structured question guide that considered affective attitude, burden, perceived effectiveness, coherence, and self-efficacy. Thematic analysis of the transcribed data was then employed to scrutinise the participants' experiences. RESULTS: A total of 20 individual interviews were completed with 11 participants. The three themes identified were lack of pre-existing knowledge of the humanities, promotors, and barriers to program acceptability. CONCLUSIONS: The participants have mixed perceptions of the program's acceptability. While all completed the program in its entirety, the acceptability of the program is impeded by wider systemic factors such as service and manpower needs. It is vital to address these structural limitations as failing to do so risks skewing current ambivalence towards outright rejection of future endeavours to integrate humanities programs into medical education.


Assuntos
Arteterapia , Medicina Paliativa , Humanos , Empatia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Emprego
4.
Anim Cogn ; 27(1): 29, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38558203

RESUMO

In the first two experiments an empty tube open at one end was placed in different locations. Male hamsters, tested one at a time, tended to stay close to the tube or in it. During the first minute of the first 4 sessions of Experiment 3, the hamster was unrestrained. If it entered the tube, it was locked within the tube. If it did not enter the tube during the first min, it was placed in it, and the tube was locked. Fifteen min later, the tube was opened, and the hamster was unrestrained for a further 20 min. The tube remained open during Session 5. Hamsters spent more time near the tube than predicted by chance and continued to enter the tube although tube-occupancy duration did not differ from chance levels. In Experiment 4, male rats were tested in two groups: rats in one group had been previously trapped in a tube and rats in the other group allowed to freely explore the test space. For the first two min of each of four 20-min sessions, trapped-group subjects were permitted to move about the chamber unless they entered the tube. In that case, they were locked in for the remainder of the session. If, after two min, they did not enter the tube, they were locked in it for the remaining 18 min. Free rats were unrestricted in all sessions. In Session 5, when both groups were permitted to move freely in the chamber, trapped and free rats spent more time in and near the tube than predicted by chance. These data show tube restraint does not seem to distress either hamsters or rats.


Assuntos
Empatia , Roedores , Humanos , Ratos , Masculino , Animais
5.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 7626, 2024 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38561445

RESUMO

This study explored the application of generative pre-trained transformer (GPT) agents based on medical guidelines using large language model (LLM) technology for traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation-related questions. To assess the effectiveness of multiple agents (GPT-agents) created using GPT-4, a comparison was conducted using direct GPT-4 as the control group (GPT-4). The GPT-agents comprised multiple agents with distinct functions, including "Medical Guideline Classification", "Question Retrieval", "Matching Evaluation", "Intelligent Question Answering (QA)", and "Results Evaluation and Source Citation". Brain rehabilitation questions were selected from the doctor-patient Q&A database for assessment. The primary endpoint was a better answer. The secondary endpoints were accuracy, completeness, explainability, and empathy. Thirty questions were answered; overall GPT-agents took substantially longer and more words to respond than GPT-4 (time: 54.05 vs. 9.66 s, words: 371 vs. 57). However, GPT-agents provided superior answers in more cases compared to GPT-4 (66.7 vs. 33.3%). GPT-Agents surpassed GPT-4 in accuracy evaluation (3.8 ± 1.02 vs. 3.2 ± 0.96, p = 0.0234). No difference in incomplete answers was found (2 ± 0.87 vs. 1.7 ± 0.79, p = 0.213). However, in terms of explainability (2.79 ± 0.45 vs. 07 ± 0.52, p < 0.001) and empathy (2.63 ± 0.57 vs. 1.08 ± 0.51, p < 0.001) evaluation, the GPT-agents performed notably better. Based on medical guidelines, GPT-agents enhanced the accuracy and empathy of responses to TBI rehabilitation questions. This study provides guideline references and demonstrates improved clinical explainability. However, further validation through multicenter trials in a clinical setting is necessary. This study offers practical insights and establishes groundwork for the potential theoretical integration of LLM-agents medicine.


Assuntos
Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Humanos , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Encéfalo , Bases de Dados Factuais , Fontes de Energia Elétrica , Empatia
6.
Nurs Adm Q ; 48(2): 139-150, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564724

RESUMO

The pandemic exposed existing weaknesses in the health care system, and innovative leaders stepped up to address the compounding effects the novel anomaly created. Postpandemic disruption persists, and the behaviors and actions of these positive deviants demonstrate that new ways of leadership are available to those who are willing to embrace the dynamic leadership model and teaming methodology to shape health care delivery of the future. As we look to new ways of being and leading, we begin from a changed world-one that has been reset and cannot go back. Dynamic leaders are called upon to create cultures that reflect the needs of the future workplace and workforce. They pave new pathways and new ways of thinking, reimagine new realities, and create abundance. Their consistent practice of 5 essential behaviors-self-awareness, deep listening, curiosity, empathy, and decisiveness-strengthen their leadership and ability to meet the demands of health care today.


Assuntos
Liderança , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Empatia , Atenção à Saúde , Recursos Humanos
7.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e078784, 2024 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38580364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study aimed to identify categories within therapeutic self-compassion letters written by healthcare workers. Resulting categories were assessed for their relevance to the construct of self-compassion. DESIGN: This was a qualitative descriptive study that used summative content analysis and inductive coding. SETTING: A US-based academic healthcare system. PARTICIPANTS: Healthcare workers who attended a self-compassion webinar were recruited. INTERVENTION: The online self-compassion tool asked participants to write a letter to themselves from the perspective of a friend providing support and encouragement. RESULTS: 116 letters were analysed. Five major categories emerged: Looking Forward, Reaffirming Self, Reaffirming Reminders, Hardships and Self-Disparagement. Respondents' letters were mostly positively framed and forward thinking, including their hopes of improving themselves and their lives in the future. Negative content generally described hardships and often served to provide self-validation or perspective on obstacles that had been overcome. CONCLUSION: The writing prompt elicited content from the writers that reflected the core elements of self-compassion (ie, self-kindness, common humanity, mindfulness). Continued research to further understand, refine and improve the impact of therapeutic letter writing to enhance well-being is warranted to reduce burnout and promote quality patient care.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Atenção Plena , Humanos , Autocompaixão , Empatia , Pessoal de Saúde , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle
8.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0301636, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38593142

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Burnout is a work-related syndrome that can affect physicians' performance. Empathy is one of the clinical competencies in whose formation many factors play a role. Empathy and burnout are important topics of research in medical sciences, and both are related to the communication between the patient and the physician. This study investigated the relationship between occupational burnout and empathy among medical residents. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 297 medical residents in Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences from January to March 2021. The data collection tools were the Jefferson Scale of Empathy (JSE) and the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI). The reliability of the instruments was measured by calculating Cronbach's alpha. Data were analyzed by SPSS-18, using the Pearson correlation test and linear regression models. RESULTS: The average age of the study population was 33.06 ±4.7 years, with more than half being females (57.6%) and married (51.9%). The residents' mean scores of empathy and overall burnout were 102.87 out of 140 and 55.90 out of 132, respectively. The burnout scores showed an inverse correlation with the overall empathy scores (r = -0.123, P = 0.035), and the score of standing in the patient's shoes (r = -0.165, P = 0.004). Linear regression test was used to detect which dimension of empathy was a better predictor for the reduction of burnout scores. Results showed that the best predictor was standing in the patient's shoes (P = 0.014). CONCLUSION: The findings showed a negative association between empathy and burnout among medical residents, which suggests the need for adjustment of the existing burnout management at the institutional level. Therefore, residents should be supported by managers to reduce burnout and improve their empathic behavior.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Internato e Residência , Testes Psicológicos , Autorrelato , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto , Masculino , Empatia , Estudos Transversais , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
Nurse Educ Today ; 137: 106166, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508020

RESUMO

Point-of-view simulations involve participants engaging in simulation to experience what it might be like to live with a health condition or disability. These types of simulations have been used frequently in nurse education as a valuable pedagogical tool, as research has shown that student engagement with point-of-view simulations increases student empathy. However, point-of-view simulations have also been problematised by disability community members and scholars researching in the disability space, as ableist and culturally unsafe. This manuscript explores recommendations for, and criticisms of, point-of-view simulations and offers considerations to address these concerns.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Simulação de Paciente , Empatia , Emoções
10.
Nurse Educ Today ; 137: 106154, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38508021

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Caring in nursing is a fundamental aspect, yet teaching and fostering caring behaviours in nursing students remain challenging. Clinical instructors play a crucial role in this process. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were a) to describe nursing students' caring behaviours and perceptions of instructor caring, b) to assess sex-related and year of course differences in students' caring behaviours and perceptions of nursing caring, and c) to investigate the association between nursing students' caring and their perception of instructors' caring. DESIGN: A multi-centre, cross-sectional observational study was conducted. SETTING: The study involved undergraduate nursing students from four teaching hospitals of a university in Northern Italy. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 316 nursing undergraduate students participated in the study (83.9 % female, 16.1 % male, 23.1 % 1st year, 48.1 % 2nd year, 28.8 % 3rd year). METHODS: Participants completed online self-reported surveys assessing caring behaviours, empathy, burnout, and perceptions of instructor caring. Caring behaviours, expressive and instrumental caring, were measured using the Caring Behaviour Inventory (CBI), and perceptions of instructor caring were assessed using the Nursing Students' Perceptions of Instructor Caring (NSPIC) questionnaire. RESULTS: Students' caring behaviours were positively associated with their perceptions of instructor caring, particularly in relation to a supportive learning climate and instructor flexibility. Female students displayed higher scores in expressive caring, while students in their second and third years demonstrated increased instrumental caring behaviours. Responding to Individual Needs was significantly lower in third-years students, compared to first- and second-year ones. CONCLUSIONS: This study emphasizes the crucial role of clinical instructors in shaping nursing students' caring attributes. However, the influence of sex on caring behaviours remains unclear, necessitating further investigation. These findings underscore the significance of nurturing caring behaviours in nursing education and offer insights for selecting, training, and supporting clinical instructors, to foster more compassionate and competent nurses.


Assuntos
Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Transversais , Docentes de Enfermagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Empatia , Percepção , Assistência ao Paciente
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38541322

RESUMO

The consequences of climate change are already visible, and yet, its effect on psychosocial factors, including the expression of empathy, affect, and social disconnection, is widely unknown. Outdoor conditions are expected to influence indoor conditions. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of indoor air temperature during work hours on empathy, positive and negative affect, and social disconnection. Participants (N = 31) were exposed, in a cross-over design, to two thermal conditions in a simulated office environment. Questions on empathy and social disconnection were administered before and after the exposure to each condition, while affect was measured throughout the day. Subjective thermal sensation and objective measures of mean skin temperature were considered. The results indicated a significant difference in empathy (F(1, 24) = 5.37, p = 0.03, with an η2 = 0.126) between conditions. Participants reported increases in empathy after exposure to the warm condition compared to the cool condition, in which reductions in empathy were reported. Although the same pattern was observed for positive affect, the difference was smaller and the results were not significant. Thermal sensation had a significant effect on changes in empathy too (F(1, 54) = 7.015, p = 0.01, with an R2 = 0.115), while mean skin temperature had no effect on empathy (F(1, 6) = 0.53, p = 0.89, with an R2 = 0.81). No effects were observed for positive and negative affect and social disconnection. Longitudinal studies are needed to support these findings.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Empatia , Humanos , Temperatura , Temperatura Baixa , Sensação Térmica , Temperatura Cutânea
12.
Patient Educ Couns ; 123: 108236, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38452687

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A substantial body of research supports what many nurses know from experience: empathy is at the heart of providing quality care. The major objective of this study was to identify unique mechanisms through which higher empathy translates into greater intentions to treat patients in pain employing novel methodology. METHODS: Using an ecologically-valid scenario methodology, student nurses (N = 156) reviewed the narrative of a patient in chronic pain. They completed standard, valid measures of empathy toward the patient, perception of the patient's pain, and intention to provide pain-relieving treatment. Nursing student's personality traits were assessed and perception of patients' age and sex were experimentally manipulated. RESULTS: Empathy was associated with higher intention to treat the patient in chronic pain irrespective of patients' age or sex. A moderated-mediation analysis confirmed that nursing students with higher empathy perceived the patient in the scenario as being in greater pain. This was correspondingly associated with higher intention to provide treatment. Nursing students' trait Extraversion was a moderator. CONCLUSION: Empathy not only improves rapport between patients and providers but is related to intentions to provide pain-relieving treatment. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: The clinical and educational importance of empathy in patient-provider relationships are discussed.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Empatia , Dor Crônica/terapia , Pacientes , Comunicação
13.
Nurs Womens Health ; 28(2): 159-167, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38462229

RESUMO

Nursing burnout, a result of prolonged occupational stress, has always been a challenge in health care, but recently the COVID-19 pandemic made this issue into a national priority. In fact, burnout among health care workers is one of the four priorities of the U.S. Surgeon General. Health care leaders and organizations are eager to implement strategies to improve nurses' well-being and, thus, enhance their mental health. Much of the literature has focused on the antecedents and consequences of nursing burnout, but there is limited information on strategies that protect perinatal nurses from burnout. Self-compassion is emerging as one strategy that has a positive correlation with nurse well-being and a negative association with burnout, depression, and anxiety. In this article, we identify and translate strategies to promote self-compassion in perinatal nurses.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Fadiga por Compaixão/prevenção & controle , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Autocompaixão , Pandemias , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Empatia , Satisfação no Emprego , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
PLoS One ; 19(3): e0301101, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38547163

RESUMO

Emotional labor is common in nursing but may be affected by the mental state of nurses. This study explored the effect of compassion fatigue on emotional labor and whether self-compassion moderates this effect of compassion fatigue. METHODS: A two-stage survey design with a convenience sample. Participants were female nursing staff recruited from emergency departments, intensive care units, ward nursing units, and outpatient departments of medical centers, regional hospitals, and district hospitals in Taiwan. A total of 300 questionnaire copies in each of the first and second stages were distributed, and 272 pairs of responses were retrieved (valid response rate = 91%). The reliability and validity of the questionnaire were tested, and confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with AMOS 21. The proposed hypotheses were verified using hierarchical regression conducted with SPSS version 25.0. RESULTS: This study revealed that compassion fatigue positively predicted surface acting (ß = 0.12, p < 0.05) and negatively predicted deep acting (ß = -0.18, p < 0.01) and expression of genuine emotions (ß = -0.31, p < 0.01). In addition, self-compassion negatively moderates the relationships between compassion fatigue and surface acting (ß = -0.12, p < 0.05), and positively moderates the relationships between compassion fatigue and expression of genuine emotions (ß = 0.15, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: To avoid excessive consumption of emotional resources, nurses with high compassion fatigue may employ surface acting by engaging in emotional labor without making an effort to adjust their feelings. Nurses need also be sympathized with, and such sympathy can come from hospitals, supervisors, colleagues, and, most crucially, the nurses themselves. Hospital executives should propose improvement strategies that can prevent the compassion fatigue on nurses, such as improving nurses' self-compassion.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Feminino , Masculino , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Autocompaixão , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Transversais , Satisfação no Emprego , Emoções , Inquéritos e Questionários , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Empatia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia
15.
Am J Psychiatry ; 181(4): 310-321, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38476045

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The role of negative parenting in the development of callous-unemotional (CU) traits remains unclear. Both negative parenting and CU traits are influenced by genetic and environmental factors. The authors used genetically informed longitudinal cross-lagged models to examine the extent to which reciprocal effects between negative parenting and children's CU traits in mid-to-late childhood are genetic versus environmental in origin. METHODS: In 9,260 twin pairs from the Twins Early Development Study, the authors estimated cross-lagged effects between negative parenting (discipline and feelings) and children's CU traits in mid (ages 7-9) and late (ages 9-12) childhood. RESULTS: CU traits were strongly heritable and stable. Stability was explained largely by genetic factors. The influence of negative parenting on the development of CU traits was small and driven mostly by genetic and shared environmental factors. In mid childhood, the influence of children's CU traits on subsequent negative parenting (i.e., evoked by children's CU traits) was also small and mostly genetic in origin. In late childhood, CU traits showed no effects on negative parental discipline and small effects on negative parental feelings, which reflected mostly shared environmental factors. CONCLUSIONS: In mid-to-late childhood, genetic factors strongly influenced the development of CU traits, whereas environmental effects of negative parenting were small. Negative parenting was also relatively unaffected by CU traits. The small reciprocal effects originated mostly from genetic and shared environmental factors. Therefore, repeated intensive interventions addressing multiple risk factors rather than negative parenting alone may be best positioned to support families of children with CU traits across development.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Conduta , Humanos , Criança , Transtorno da Conduta/genética , Transtorno da Conduta/psicologia , Poder Familiar/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/etiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Pais , Empatia
16.
Cereb Cortex ; 34(3)2024 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38517177

RESUMO

Empathy deficiencies are prevalent among deaf individuals. It has yet to be determined whether they exhibit an ingroup bias in empathic responses. This study employed explicit and implicit empathy tasks (i.e. attention-to-pain-cue [A-P] task and attention-to-nonpain-cue [A-N] task) to explore the temporal dynamics of neural activities when deaf individuals were processing painful/nonpainful stimuli from both ingroup models (deaf people) and outgroup models (hearing people), which aims to not only assist deaf individuals in gaining a deeper understanding of their intergroup empathy traits but also to aid in the advancement of inclusive education. In the A-P task, we found that (i) ingroup priming accelerated the response speed to painful/nonpainful pictures; (ii) the N2 amplitude of painful pictures was significantly more negative than that of nonpainful pictures in outgroup priming trials, whereas the N2 amplitude difference between painful and nonpainful pictures was not significant in ingroup priming trials. For N1 amplitude of the A-N task, we have similar findings. However, this pattern was reversed for P3/late positive component amplitude of the A-P task. These results suggest that the deaf individuals had difficulty in judging whether hearing individuals were in pain. However, their group identification and affective responses could shape the relatively early stage of pain empathy.


Assuntos
Empatia , Dor , Humanos , Dor/psicologia , Atenção , Tempo de Reação , Processos Grupais , Eletroencefalografia , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia
17.
Pol Merkur Lekarski ; 52(1): 49-53, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38518233

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Aim: To study and record the level of empathy and self-compassion of the medical and nursing staff of a general hospital in North Greece, and to investigate their connection to depression levels.. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and Methods: The study sample consists of 88 people (66 women and 22 men), medical and nursing staff of the General Hospital of Kavala (northern Greece) who filled out a questionnaire. The questionnaire consists of 4 parts: 1) socio-demographic data; 2) the Toronto Empathy Questionnaire (TEQ); 3) Self- Compassion Scale (SCS), and 4) the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). For the statistical processing of the data, SPSS v.25 software was used. RESULTS: Results: The mean total value for TEQ indicates moderate high level of empathy (M = 40.5). For self-compassion the mean total value for SCS was moderate (M = 82.6) and the BDI shows a low level of depression (M = 28.7). A high level of empathy corresponds to a high level of self-compassion (ρ(88) = 0.263, p = 0013). Older ages correspond to a lower level of depression (ρ(88) = -0.218, p = .042). CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Empathy is a key factor for the creation of the therapeutic relationship between the patient and the healthcare provider, while increasing the level of the health provider's self-compassion. Increased levels of self-compassion and older age among providers may correspond to lower levels of depression.


Assuntos
Depressão , Autocompaixão , Masculino , Humanos , Feminino , Empatia , Grécia , Pessoal de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Support Care Cancer ; 32(4): 241, 2024 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38512594

RESUMO

PURPOSE: As narrative medicine interventions are integrated increasingly into medical practice, growing evidence indicates benefits for healthcare professionals. Presently, the prevalence and impact of narrative medicine interventions in the field of oncology remain unknown. This systematic review synthesizes published data on narrative medicine interventions in oncology and reports current knowledge on feasibility, acceptability, and impact on cancer care professionals. METHODS: Following PRISMA guidelines, we searched Ovid Medline, Embase, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane, and ClinicalTrials.gov databases from inception through February 2024. Eligible articles were published in English and contained original data on feasibility, acceptability, and/or impact of a narrative medicine intervention for oncology professionals. Database searches identified 2614 deduplicated articles, from which 50 articles were identified for full-text assessment and 11 articles met inclusion criteria. Two additional articles were identified through manual review of references. RESULTS: Thirteen articles described 12 unique narrative medicine interventions targeting cancer care professionals. All studies described their respective interventions as feasible, acceptable, and impactful for participants. Interventions involved writing, reading, reflection, and other narrative-based strategies. Standardized validated tools evaluated outcomes including burnout, empathy expression, secondary trauma, quality of humanistic care, and well-being. Participants reported appreciation of opportunities for reflection, perspective sharing, and bearing witness, which they perceived to strengthen wellness and community. CONCLUSION: Narrative medicine interventions are feasible and acceptable and may bolster oncology clinicians' functioning across domains. Multi-site, prospective, randomized studies are needed to investigate the broader impact of narrative medicine interventions and advance the science of narrative medicine in oncology. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: CRD42022369432.


Assuntos
Medicina Narrativa , Humanos , Estudos Prospectivos , Oncologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Empatia
20.
Harm Reduct J ; 21(1): 66, 2024 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38504244

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Post-overdose outreach programs engage overdose survivors and their families soon after an overdose event. Staff implementing these programs are routinely exposed to others' trauma, which makes them vulnerable to secondary traumatic stress (STS) and compassion fatigue. The purpose of this study was to explore experiences of STS and associated upstream and downstream risk and protective factors among program staff. METHODS: We conducted a post-hoc analysis of semi-structured interviews with post-overdose outreach program staff in Massachusetts. Transcripts were analyzed using a multi-step hybrid inductive-deductive approach to explore approaches and responses to outreach work, factors that might give rise to STS, and compassion fatigue resilience. Findings were organized according to the three main constructs within Ludick and Figley's compassion fatigue resilience model (empathy, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion fatigue resilience). RESULTS: Thirty-eight interviews were conducted with staff from 11 post-overdose outreach programs in Massachusetts. Within the empathy construct, concern for others' well-being emerged as a motivator to engage in post-overdose outreach work - with staff trying to understand others' perspectives and using this connection to deliver respectful and compassionate services. Within the secondary traumatic stress construct, interviewees described regular and repeated exposure to others' trauma - made more difficult when exposures overlapped with staff members' personal social spheres. Within the compassion fatigue resilience construct, interviewees described the presence and absence of self-care practices and routines, social supports, and workplace supports. Job satisfaction and emotional detachment from work experiences also arose as potential protective factors. Interviewees reported inconsistent presence and utilization of formal support for STS and compassion fatigue within their post-overdose outreach teams. CONCLUSION: Post-overdose outreach program staff may experience secondary traumatic stress and may develop compassion fatigue, particularly in the absence of resilience and coping strategies and support. Compassion fatigue resilience approaches for post-overdose outreach staff warrant further development and study.


Assuntos
Fadiga por Compaixão , Overdose de Drogas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Resiliência Psicológica , Humanos , Fadiga por Compaixão/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Empatia , Massachusetts , Inquéritos e Questionários , Qualidade de Vida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...