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1.
Int J Nurs Educ Scholarsh ; 22(1)2025 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38459787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This systematic review of qualitative studies explored interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes or willingness to work with older people. Student nurses are likely to encounter older people in all health and aged care settings, however, research demonstrates that few have career aspirations in gerontological nursing. METHODS: Qualitative systematic review method based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. RESULTS: Search of Medline, Embase, PsycINFO, EBSCOhost and Scopus yielded 1841 articles which were screened to include primary research about educational interventions to improve student nurses' knowledge, attitudes and/or willingness to work with older people. Data extraction was performed on the 14 included studies, and data were analysed using directed content analysis. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) was used the assess the quality of the studies. CONCLUSIONS: Educational interventions included theory or practice courses, or a combination of theory and practice. While most interventions changed nursing students' negative attitudes towards older people, few increased their willingness to work with them. Practice courses had the most significant impact on willingness to work with older people. Quality assessment revealed methodical limitations. More research is needed to better understand the elements of practice interventions that enhance student nurses' knowledge, attitudes, and willingness to work with older people, so that they can be replicated.


Assuntos
Geriatria , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Idoso , Humanos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica
2.
Nurs Health Sci ; 26(2): e13119, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38626947

RESUMO

Nurses in neurological wards face numerous challenges when caring for patients with dementia, particularly those who also present other acute illnesses. However, studies focusing on this area are limited. This study aimed to explore the difficulties and strategies in caring for patients with dementia among nurses working in a neurological ward. A qualitative descriptive design was adopted. Twelve nurses from a neurology ward participated in individual semi-structured interviews. The data collected through these interviews were subjected to qualitative content analysis. Two main themes emerged from the analysis: (i) various shortcomings and concerns, which include subthemes: insufficient support, worry about patient safety, inadequate care ability of the caregiver, and insufficient self-competence, and (ii) unique clinical strategies, which include subthemes: cooperate with the caregiver, improve self-competence in dementia care, and employ meticulous resorts. The findings highlighted the nurses' dedication to minimizing patient risks and utilizing available resources as well as stakeholders to provide optimal care. To enhance patient care quality, it is essential to support nurses by addressing care-related barriers, offering continuous education, and establishing care pathways.


Assuntos
Demência , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Hospitais , Educação Continuada , Demência/complicações , Demência/terapia
3.
Curationis ; 47(1): e1-e9, 2024 Mar 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572844

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Nurses are often required to perform dysphagia screening prior to oral intake by people following stroke. Previous studies report limited knowledge of nurses in identifying symptoms of post-stroke dysphagia. OBJECTIVE:  To explore existing literature regarding nurses' practices and knowledge in the identification and management of post-stroke oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in low- and middle income countries (LMICs). METHOD:  A scoping review was conducted according to the PRISMA-ScR guidelines. Studies were retrieved from PubMed, Scopus, EBSCOhost (CINAHL and Health source: Nursing and Academic edition), Web of Science Core collection, and Cochrane libraries. No time frame was applied, and all included studies were screened according to predefined eligibility criteria. RESULTS:  Eight studies were included from 1 792 initial hits. Studies described nursing practices in acute care pertaining to identification and management of stroke-related dysphagia in LMICs. Increased knowledge was reported in nurses who had greater clinical experience in managing patients with dysphagia. Needs for training relating to dysphagia management and opportunities for interprofessional collaboration with speech-language therapists (SLTs) were identified. Contextual barriers specific to LMICs impacting on optimal nursing management of dysphagia included heavy workloads, staff-shortages and time constraints.Conclusion and contribution: Eight studies described nurses' practices and identified needs for the improvement of nurses' dysphagia care in LMICs. This scoping review highlighted the urgency for further research in dysphagia management that provides creative, contextually relevant solutions for improved protocols and training of health care professionals. Findings may be valuable for the multidisciplinary team involved in post-stroke dysphagia care.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Deglutição , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Transtornos de Deglutição/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde
4.
Curationis ; 47(1): e1-e8, 2024 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Transitioning to a professional role is difficult for newly qualified professional nurses. Given the challenges that these nurses experience during the transition to practice, support is essential for them to become efficient, safe, confident, and competent in their professional roles. OBJECTIVES:  The purpose of this study was to explore the transition experiences of newly qualified professional nurses to develop a preceptorship model. METHOD:  This study employed a qualitative approach to purposively collect data. Concept analyses were conducted applying the steps suggested by Walker and Avant, and the related concepts were classified utilising the survey list of Dickoff, James and Wiedenbach's practice theory. RESULTS:  A preceptorship model for the facilitation of guidance and support in the clinical area for newly qualified professional nurses was developed. The model consists of six components, namely, the clinical environment, the operational manager and preceptor, the newly qualified professional nurse, the preceptorship, the assessment of learning, and the outcome. CONCLUSION:  The study revealed that newly qualified professional nurses face many transition challenges when entering clinical practice. They are thrown far in, experience a reality shock, and are not ready to start performing their professional role. The participants agreed that guidance and support are needed for their independent practice role.Contribution: The preceptorship model for newly qualified professional nurses would be necessary for the transition period within hospitals. This preceptorship model may be implemented by nursing education institutions as part of their curriculum to prepare pre-qualifying students for the professional role.


Assuntos
Educação em Enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Competência Clínica , Preceptoria , Currículo , Papel Profissional
5.
Curationis ; 47(1): e1-e7, 2024 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38572845

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  It is challenging for newly qualified professional nurses (NQPNs) to care for children with congenital heart abnormalities following cardiac surgery in cardiothoracic critical care units. This population of nurses is allocated to critically ill children in the cardiothoracic intensive care unit (CTICU) even though they lack sufficient knowledge, experience and skills to care for these patients. OBJECTIVES:  This study explored, described and made recommendations to support NQPNs who provide postoperative care to children in a CTICU. METHOD:  A qualitative, exploratory, descriptive and contextual research design was used. Purposive sampling was employed, and in-depth individual phenomenological interviews were conducted with 10 NQPNs. Data were analysed according to Giorgio's descriptive phenomenological method, and measures to ensure trustworthiness and ethical principles were followed. RESULTS:  The NQPNs cited their lack of knowledge and mentoring as the primary contributors to their perceived challenges. This population requires motivation, mentoring and empowerment to address this phenomenon. CONCLUSION:  Professional nurses in CTICUs require a supportive work environment, with encouragement from colleagues, management and doctors. A lack of support compromises patient care outcomes and safety, resulting in litigation.Contribution: Recommendations are provided for nursing education, research and practice to empower NQPNs with knowledge and skills to work with children following cardiac surgery to avoid adverse events in the CTICU.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Criança , Humanos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Motivação , Pesquisa Qualitativa
6.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 8216, 2024 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38589442

RESUMO

Nurses may experience burnout more than other professions. Occupational burnout is a serious concern considering the importance of nurses' jobs in patient care. This study was carried out with the aim of designing and validating the questionnaire of burnout factors in the operating room nurses. Mixed method study was done in two qualitative and quantitative phases in 2022 on Iranian operating room nurses. In the first stage, the concept of operating room nurses' burnout was explained using interviews and literature review, and items were generated. In the second stage, the face validity, content and construct validity of the questionnaire was examined with 342 operating room nurses, and also the reliability of the questionnaire was tested using internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and stability (test-retest). After conducting the interview and literature review, 65 questions were extracted. Based on face validity, 4 items were modified. After content validity, 40 items remained. In construct validity, after exploratory factor analysis, 34 items with 5 dimensions were extracted. These dimensions included Organizational, Individual, Interpersonal, Occupational Nature and Managerial factors. Cronbach's alpha and intra-class correlation coefficient were equal to 0.937 and 0.946, respectively. The designed tool based on understanding the concept of burnout in operating room nurses has appropriate and acceptable validity and reliability. Therefore, it can be used to measure burnout in operating room nurses.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Irã (Geográfico) , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
J Health Organ Manag ; 38(9): 143-156, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38584370

RESUMO

PURPOSE: While transition programs are widely used to facilitate newly graduated nurses transition to healthcare settings, knowledge about preconditions for implementing such programs in the hospital context is scarce. The purpose of this study was to explore program coordinators' perspectives on implementing a transition program for newly graduated nurses. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: An explorative qualitative study using individual interviews. Total of 11 program coordinators at five acute care hospital administrations in a south-west region in Sweden. Data was subjected to thematic analysis, using NVivo software to promote coding. FINDINGS: The following two themes were identified from the analysis: Create a shared responsibility for introducing newly graduated nurses, and establish legitimacy of the program. The implementation process was found to be a matter of both educational content and anchoring work in the hospital organization. To clarify the what and why of implementing a transition program, where the nurses learning processes are prioritized, was foundational prerequisites for successful implementation. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: This paper illustrates that implementing transition programs in contemporary hospital care context is a valuable but complex process that involves conflicting priorities. A program that is well integrated in the organization, in which responsibilities between different levels and roles in the hospital organization, aims and expectations on the program are clarified, is important to achieve the intentions of effective transition to practice. Joint actions need to be taken by healthcare policymakers, hospitals and ward managers, and educational institutions to support the implementation of transition programs as a long-term strategy for nurses entering hospital care.


Assuntos
Administração Hospitalar , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Atenção à Saúde , Aprendizagem , Hospitais
8.
Policy Polit Nurs Pract ; 25(2): 70-82, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38557298

RESUMO

In Canada, reports of nursing staff shortages, job vacancies and the use of private agency nurses, especially in hospitals, have increased since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Media reports suggest the pandemic exacerbated nursing shortages among other issues, and nurses are leaving their traditional positions to work at such agencies. Public spending on agency nurses has increased appreciably. Using 2011 to 2021 regulatory college data on all registered nurses (RNs) and registered practical nurses (RPNs) in the province of Ontario, Canada, we investigated trends in the count and share of nurses working for employment agencies. We also examined the rate at which previously non-agency employed nurses transition to employment in at least one agency job. We found the prevalence of RNs and RPNs reporting agency employment was relatively stable from 2011 to 2019, and decreased slightly in 2020 and 2021. However, there was a small increase in transitions from non-agency employment to working at an agency job. We also found the mean hours of practice in all jobs reported by agency and non-agency nurses increased during the pandemic. Based on these findings, an increase in hours and/or prices for agency nurses may explain the increase in public funding for agency nurses, but it was not driven by an increasing share of nurses working for employment agencies. To fully understand employment agency activity, policymakers may need to monitor hours of work and hourly costs rather than only costs. Further research is required to investigate any long-term effects the pandemic may have had on agency-employment.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Humanos , Ontário , Pandemias
9.
Nurs Open ; 11(4): e2155, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38581162

RESUMO

AIM: To clarify the factors affecting early career registered nurses' (ECRNs') views on building good nurse-patient relationships. DESIGN: An exploratory qualitative research design was implemented using detailed individual semi-structured interviews. METHODS: Interview data were analysed using a thematic approach based on the systematic text condensation analysis proposed by Malterud. DATA SOURCES: Eleven consenting nurses working in four hospitals. RESULTS: Six characteristics were identified that influenced ECRNs' perceptions of building good nurse-patient relationships: finding clues through reflection, observing patients' reactions, clarifying their role as a nurse, doing their best for the patients, treating each patient as an irreplaceable individual and receiving support. CONCLUSIONS: We discovered that the factors affecting ECRNs' views could be divided into two categories: factors that contribute to ECRNs' views on developing positive relationships with patients, and factors that influence ECRNs' relationships with patients but do not directly lead to positive relationships. It is critical for ECRNs to reflect on their experiences of poor relationship-building and observe patients' reactions. ECRNs seldom recognize that they have developed good relationships with their patients. It is critical to consider organizational environment and support as variables in developing a nurse-patient relationship so that the responsibility does not fall solely on ECRNs. IMPLICATIONS: The results of this study provide clues to help ECRNs overcome difficulties in building relationships with patients. Furthermore, they can be used to develop educational programme for ECRNs. Future studies should use these findings to provide support to ECRNs and help them build relationships with patients.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Pacientes , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cognição
10.
Public Health Nurs ; 41(3): 617-625, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38556918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the factors associated with stress, resilience, coping styles, and emergency competencies when nurses are faced with a public health emergency. DESIGN: This study used a cross-sectional design. SAMPLE: Study data came from a survey of 646 nurses who were from a tertiary hospital in Southern China in March-June 2022. METHODS: Participants responded to self-report questionnaires through a web-based survey. Stress, resilience, emergency competencies, and response to public emergencies were assessed using the Perceived Stress Scale, Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, the core competencies of nurses in public health emergencies, and a simplified coping style questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 646 nurses participated in this study. Slightly over half of the participants were ≤30 years old, and almost all were female. Resilience, positive coping, and negative coping were positively correlated with emergency competencies. Multiple linear regression analysis demonstrated that resilience, working years, and participation in the treatment of infectious diseases were significant predictors of emergency competencies. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that nurses require additional training in emergency management and clinical practice to enhance their emergency competencies. More interventions and social support should be provided to improve nurses' resilience and positive coping strategies when they encounter public health emergencies.


Assuntos
Emergências , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Testes Psicológicos , Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Masculino , Estudos Transversais , Autorrelato , 60670 , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adaptação Psicológica , Resiliência Psicológica
11.
Int J Qual Stud Health Well-being ; 19(1): 2341448, 2024 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603642

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To reveal the features of Lithuanian male nurses' professional becoming. METHODS: The participants were six men who had been working as nurses for over a year, and one man who had been formerly employed as a nurse for over a year. Data was collected using semi-structured interviews and analysed using inductive thematic analysis by Braun & Clarke. RESULTS: 17 themes emerged after analysis: nursing not being the first choice, weird feelings of being in the minority during studies, having a vague initial idea of the work and a hard time starting the job; desire to help and interact with people, a tiring but fascinating variety of work, wide professional opportunities and love for the job; the challenges of high pace and workload, undervaluation and stereotypes, coping by standing up for oneself and separating work and life; the importance of a good team, gender being of little significance and joy that the number of men is increasing. CONCLUSION: These findings contribute to the growing knowledge of male nurses' experiences. The study sheds light on the challenges and rewards of being a male nurse in Lithuania, providing guidance for future research and highlighting the need to raise public awareness.


Assuntos
Enfermeiros , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Masculino , Lituânia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
12.
PLoS One ; 19(4): e0300225, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38603680

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emphasizing the crucial significance of maintaining a national nursing workforce well-prepared with the necessary knowledge, skills, and abilities to respond effectively is the growing frequency of natural and environmental disasters, coupled with public health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic. So, the study aimed to explore pediatric nurses' preparedness to monkeypox outbreak, and their stress during this outbreak in Egypt. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a 416 nurses direct care for children at selected governmental hospitals in Egypt. Demographic form, Questionnaire for Infectious Disease Outbreak Readiness & Preparedness, factors affecting nurses' preparedness, and the generalized anxiety disorders scale-7 were the tools of the study. RESULTS: (81.5%) of studied nurses had unsatisfactory level of preparedness to monkeypox outbreak. (96.4%) and (95.4%) of them were affected their preparedness by high workload and inconsistent income with the of risk of infection factors. Also, (57.2%) of them had high stress level. CONCLUSIONS: The study revealed the importance of ensuring adequate supplies of PPE are available and provided, and protocols must be implemented to ensure availability in case of an outbreak. Moreover, nurse staffing levels and workload distribution should be regularly reviewed to create reasonable nurse-patient ratios.


Assuntos
Desastres , Varíola dos Macacos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Criança , Humanos , Estudos Transversais , Pandemias , Surtos de Doenças
13.
BMJ Open ; 14(4): e077821, 2024 Apr 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38604634

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: As an integral part of emergency medical rescue teams during public health events, understanding the core competencies that nursing personnel should possess-including theoretical knowledge, practical skills, comprehensive abilities and personal traits-can provide a practical basis for better preparation and targeted training for future emergency rescue works. Thus, this study aims to provide a scientific and applicable reference for perfecting the routine training strategy of nursing personnel assembled by emergency medical rescue teams and improving the overall guarantee ability level of this group. DESIGN: This is a qualitative study conducted using individual semi-structured interviews. All interviews were recorded and transcribed verbatim for the purpose of thematic analysis and extraction. SETTING: Participants were recruited from February to March 2023, from four comprehensive hospitals in Chongqing China with the highest number of emergency relief works. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of experts (N=15) with extensive experience in emergency relief works was recruited in Chongqing, China. RESULTS: 60% of the experts held master's degrees or higher, 73.3% held senior or higher titles, 36.7% had participated in work execution more than five times and 73.3% held leadership positions in their current units and in the execution of emergency relief works. Four main themes and 22 corresponding subthemes were derived for the core competencies required for nursing personnel selected for emergency medical rescue teams in public health events, including theoretical knowledge, practical skills, comprehensive abilities and personal traits. CONCLUSIONS: Our study revealed that through interviews with 15 experts with extensive experience in the public health event, the essential elements of core competencies for nursing personnel assigned to emergency medical rescue teams during the public health event were identified. These can serve as a reference standard for the selection of nursing personnel in public health events, and provide a basis for the cultivation and evaluation of competency for nursing personnel assigned to emergency medical rescue teams in the public health event in China and globally.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Saúde Pública , Humanos , Competência Clínica , Hospitais , China
14.
BMC Med Educ ; 24(1): 389, 2024 Apr 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38594699

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Strengthening obstetric nurses' and midwives' health education competence is the investment and guarantee for the population's future health. The purpose of study is to establish national norms for their health education competence, and explore possible influencing factors for providing an uniform criterion identifying levels and weaknesses. METHODS: An online questionnaire with a standard process was used to collect data. Three normative models were constructed, and multiple linear regression analysis analyzed possible influencing factors. RESULTS: The sample respondents (n = 3027) represented obstetric nurses and midwives nationally. Three health education competency normative norms (mean, percentile and demarcation norm) were constructed separately. Locations, hospital grade, department, marital status, training times and satisfaction with health education training influenced obstetrical nurses' and midwives' health education competence (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: This study constructed the first national standard for assessing obstetric nurses' and midwives' health education competence, providing a scientific reference to evaluate the degree of health education competence directly. These known factors could help clinical and policy managers designate practice improvement measures. In future research, Grade I hospitals should be studied with larger sample sizes, and indicators need to improve to reflect health education's effect better.


Assuntos
Tocologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Feminino , Gravidez , Humanos , Tocologia/educação , Estudos Transversais , Enfermagem Obstétrica , Educação em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Br J Community Nurs ; 29(4): 162-170, 2024 Apr 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564442

RESUMO

Home enteral tube feeding (HEF) has many benefits and is largely safe practice. Some complications have historically required intervention in the acute setting, including traumatic displacement of feeding tubes (i.e. internal bumper/balloon removed intact), and evidence to support the safe replacement of these tubes in the community is lacking. To address this, a service enabling community homecare nurses (CHN) to replace traumatically displaced feeding tubes was designed and evaluated. Adult patients presenting with a traumatically displaced feeding tube over 29 months were included in the service evaluation. Baseline characteristics and outcomes at day 1, 7 and 6 months post-replacement were recorded. A total of 71 tube replacements were performed by CHNs in 60 patients. No clinical complications were recorded at any follow-up points. A simple cost analysis estimated savings of £235 754.40. These results suggest that nurse-led replacement of traumatically displaced feeding tubes in adults in the community is low-risk and offers potential cost savings.


Assuntos
Gastrostomia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Adulto , Humanos , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Intubação Gastrointestinal
16.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs ; 43(3): 107-110, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564452

RESUMO

The term "system well-being" can move forward a new vision, meaning the result coming from the addition of the well-being of persons belonging to different institutions and organizations, which are all parts of the "health care system." Beginning with this "new definition," with the aim of analyzing the multifaceted issues related to nurses' well-being, we could use the "classical nursing metaparadigm" composed of 4 concepts: "health," "nursing," "environment," and "person." We briefly describe this conceptual map and provide some focused suggestions for further reflection on topics such as physical and psychological well-being, economic gain and career opportunities, work climate, burnout, low job satisfaction, moral distress, compassion fatigue, and a joyful work environment. This view may help organizations to focus on interventions to prevent or eliminate stress, which may be more proactive and effective than interventions to manage stress. Moreover, it offers a multidimensional map to analyze the different aspects influencing the well-being issue, keeping in mind that a concrete solution can be obtained only if all the components of health care systems and society do their part. Some solutions proposed by authors and organizations to increase nurses' well-being are mindfulness based, such as meditation, yoga, acupuncture, gratitude, journaling, choirs, coaching, workload reduction, job crafting, and peer networks. Other reflections on work organization, expected professional behaviors, nurses' retention, and education should be added to the discussion on this multidimensional issue.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Fadiga por Compaixão , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Esgotamento Profissional/prevenção & controle , Escolaridade , Satisfação no Emprego , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Dimens Crit Care Nurs ; 43(3): 123-129, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564454

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the practices and knowledge levels of nurses regarding enteral nutrition interventions in intensive care unit patients in terms of evidence. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2 hospitals between May and August 2021. A total of 136 nurses working in the intensive care units of the hospitals completed online questionnaires including demographic characteristics and questions about enteral nutrition. RESULTS: According to the nurses' knowledge level about the indication of enteral nutrition formulas, the following were incorrect or incomplete: their knowledge about transition to parenteral nutrition in case of nutritional contraindications, what to do when the amount of gastric residual volume in tolerance is >500 mL every 6 hours, the conditions for starting enteral nutrition, and which formulas are appropriate to use. Regarding their knowledge about enteral feeding tubes/sets, their knowledge about radiologic imaging after tube placement, measurement of gastric pH level, and marking the tube location was insufficient. Differently, the correct answer percentages of the nurses in 11 of the 13 questions regarding the principles of enteral nutrition practice were above 70%. CONCLUSION: Nurses had adequate knowledge of the principles of enteral nutrition practice, but their knowledge of the indication of enteral nutrition formulas and the evidence for enteral feeding tubes/sets varied. The results showed that nurses need to gain information about the indication of enteral nutrition formulas and evidence related to enteral feeding tubes/sets.


Assuntos
Nutrição Enteral , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Nutrição Enteral/métodos , Competência Clínica , Estudos Transversais , Cuidados Críticos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva
18.
Nurs Adm Q ; 48(2): 97-106, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38564720

RESUMO

When nurses care for dying patients, their compassion fatigue may increase and lead to burnout and feelings of professional bereavement. However, if a nurse perceives that the patient had a "good death," it may have a positive impact on them and reduce their emotional distress. The purpose of this project is to reduce nurses' feelings of professional bereavement by implementing a Bereavement Care Team (BCT) in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study is a pre-post quasi-experimental design. The Chen and Chow bereavement subscales Factor 1 and Factor 2 measured elements of a nurse's professional bereavement, and 5 items were statistically significant. Nurses felt a reduction in their exhaustion, frustration, and feeling fatigue in their job, reduced feelings about being nervous and worried about potential professional/patient conflicts, and nurses were moved by the patient's family's understanding of the patient's death. Implementing a BCT in the ICU provided an environment that created a "good death" for the patient and their loved ones. These findings supported the need for the BCT as they demonstrated an improvement in the ICU nurses' feelings of professional bereavement.


Assuntos
Luto , Esgotamento Profissional , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Nurs Health Sci ; 26(2): e13107, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38566443

RESUMO

Determining the ethnocentrism and xenophobia levels of nurses contributes to nurses' awareness regarding their attitudes on the issue and providing quality care. This descriptive and correlational study aimed to determine the relationship between ethnocentrism and xenophobia levels of nurses working in hospitals located in two different border regions where refugees live intensively in Turkey. The study was conducted with 386 nurses who were working in two different hospitals located in two cities in the south of Turkey. Data were collected using the "Personal Information Form," "Ethnocentrism Scale," and "Xenophobia Scale." About half of the nurses did not want to care for foreign patients. There was a positive and statistically significant relationship between mean scores of the Ethnocentrism Scale and the Xenophobia Scale (p < 0.05). The regression analysis indicated that the level of ethnocentrism explains the level of xenophobia by 9%. Nurses had a high level of xenophobia and moderate ethnocentric attitudes. The level of xenophobia increased as the ethnocentrism level of nurses increased. It is recommended to conduct further studies to determine different predictors of xenophobia among nurses.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Refugiados , Humanos , Xenofobia , Turquia , Cidades , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários
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