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1.
Am J Nurs ; 122(11): 57, 2022 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36261908

RESUMO

A journalist investigates and offers a way forward.


Assuntos
Pesar , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Médicos , Angústia Psicológica , Humanos , Médicos/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
3.
Int Emerg Nurs ; 64: 101202, 2022 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36108494

RESUMO

AIM: To describe the experiences and perceptions of emergency nurses regarding the shortening of night shifts and identify aspects of nurses' preferences for night shifts. BACKGROUND: Shift work can be associated with distinct physical and psychological disadvantages for nurses, especially night nurses. Knowledge regarding the factors influencing their perceptions of night shifts is limited. METHODS: A qualitative description design. Fifteen nurses from the emergency setting with 6 to 14 years of work experience participated in interviews. Semistructured interviews were conducted between November 2018 and March 2019. A thematic analysis was performed for the data analysis. FINDINGS: The following three themes emerged: (1) maintaining quality within quantity, (2) maintaining comfort within busyness, and (3) buffering the gap between ideal and reality. CONCLUSIONS: Considering work intensity and patient safety, nurses believe that an 8 h night shift is the most suitable length for the emergency department. Long shifts are probably more suitable for other departments with lower night workloads.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Carga de Trabalho , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa
4.
Rev. psiquiatr. salud ment. (Barc., Ed. impr.) ; 15(3): 205-210, jul. - sept. 2022. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207936

RESUMO

Introducción: Los trastornos mentales se encuentran entre las principales causas de discapacidad a nivel mundial. Es conocido que los trastornos mentales graves (TMG) se asocian a una alta discapacidad, pero el impacto de los trastornos mentales comunes (TMC) no es desdeñable. En este trabajo comparamos la discapacidad medida con la escala WHODAS 2.0 en ambos grupos diagnósticos desde la consulta de enfermería de un Centro de Salud Mental.Material y métodos: Se recogieron los datos sociodemográficos, el diagnóstico clínico y las puntuaciones de discapacidad de los pacientes atendidos por la enfermera especialista de Salud Mental en el Hospital Infanta Elena de Valdemoro (Madrid) y se comparó la discapacidad en pacientes con TMG y TMC, mediante el test t de Student.Resultados: Se reclutaron un total de 133 pacientes. Los pacientes con TMC mostraron una mayor discapacidad respecto a los pacientes con TMG, siendo esta diferencia significativa para el dominio del trabajo (p<0,001) y de participación en la sociedad (p=0,041).Conclusiones: En este estudio mostramos que el nivel de discapacidad asociado con el TMC fue más alto en ciertas áreas en comparación con el TMG, siendo esta diferencia especialmente relevante para los dominios «trabajo» y «participación». Esto puede servir para adecuar las intervenciones dirigidas a estas personas y podría mejorar su calidad de vida. (AU)


Introduction: Mental disorders are among the leading causes of disability worldwide. Despite the fact that severe mental disorders (SMD) are associated with high disability, the impact of common mental disorders (CMD) is not negligible. In this work, we compare the disability measured with the WHODAS 2.0 scale of both diagnostic groups at the Mental Health Nurse facility.Material and methods: Sociodemographic data, clinical diagnosis and disability scores were collected, using the WHODAS 2.0 scale, of the patients attended by the Mental Health specialist nurse at the Infanta Elena de Valdemoro Hospital (Madrid) and disability was compared in patients with SMD and CMD, using the Student t test.Results: Our study sample consisted of 133 patients. Patients with CMD showed greater disability compared to patients with SMD. It was observed that the disability associated with CMD is higher, compared to SMD, this difference being significant for the domain of work (p<0.001) and participation in society (p=0.041).Conclusions: In this study we showed that the level of disability associated with CMD was higher in certain areas compared to SMD, this difference was of special relevance for the «Work» and «Participation» domains. This may serve to adapt the interventions aimed at these people and improve their quality of life. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Mentais/classificação , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Pessoas com Deficiência , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Entrevista Psiquiátrica Padronizada
5.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 255, 2022 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35650267

RESUMO

Advances in wearable technologies provide the opportunity to monitor many physiological variables continuously. Stress detection has gained increased attention in recent years, mainly because early stress detection can help individuals better manage health to minimize the negative impacts of long-term stress exposure. This paper provides a unique stress detection dataset created in a natural working environment in a hospital. This dataset is a collection of biometric data of nurses during the COVID-19 outbreak. Studying stress in a work environment is complex due to many social, cultural, and psychological factors in dealing with stressful conditions. Therefore, we captured both the physiological data and associated context pertaining to the stress events. We monitored specific physiological variables such as electrodermal activity, Heart Rate, and skin temperature of the nurse subjects. A periodic smartphone-administered survey also captured the contributing factors for the detected stress events. A database containing the signals, stress events, and survey responses is publicly available on Dryad.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional , COVID-19/enfermagem , COVID-19/psicologia , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Estresse Ocupacional/diagnóstico , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis
6.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 43(5): 103525, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35717856

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate perspectives of patients, family members, caregivers (PFC), and healthcare professionals (HCP) on tracheostomy care during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: The cross-sectional survey investigating barriers and facilitators to tracheostomy care was collaboratively developed by patients, family members, nurses, speech-language pathologists, respiratory care practitioners, physicians, and surgeons. The survey was distributed to the Global Tracheostomy Collaborative's learning community, and responses were analyzed. RESULTS: Survey respondents (n = 191) from 17 countries included individuals with a tracheostomy (85 [45 %]), families/caregivers (43 [22 %]), and diverse HCP (63 [33.0 %]). Overall, 94 % of respondents reported concern that patients with tracheostomy were at increased risk of critical illness from SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19; 93 % reported fear or anxiety. With respect to prioritization of care, 38 % of PFC versus 16 % of HCP reported concern that patients with tracheostomies might not be valued or prioritized (p = 0.002). Respondents also differed in fear of contracting COVID-19 (69 % PFC vs. 49 % HCP group, p = 0.009); concern for hospitalization (55.5 % PFC vs. 27 % HCP, p < 0.001); access to medical personnel (34 % PFC vs. 14 % HCP, p = 0.005); and concern about canceled appointments (62 % PFC vs. 41 % HCP, p = 0.01). Respondents from both groups reported severe stress and fatigue, sleep deprivation, lack of breaks, and lack of support (70 % PFC vs. 65 % HCP, p = 0.54). Virtual telecare seldom met perceived needs. CONCLUSION: PFC with a tracheostomy perceived most risks more acutely than HCP in this global sample. Broad stakeholder engagement is necessary to achieve creative, patient-driven solutions to maintain connection, communication, and access for patients with a tracheostomy.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Comunicação , Família , Pacientes , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Traqueostomia , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Cuidadores/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Família/psicologia , Fadiga , Humanos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias , Pacientes/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/normas , SARS-CoV-2 , Privação do Sono , Fonoterapia/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico , Cirurgiões/psicologia
7.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 290: 1016-1017, 2022 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35673183

RESUMO

This study established a predictive model for the early detection of micro-progression of pressure injuries (PIs) from the perspective of nurses. An easy and programing-free artificial intelligence modeling tool with professional evaluation capability and it performed independently by nurses was used for this purpose. In the preliminary evaluation, the model achieved an accuracy of 89%. It can bring positive benefits to clinical care. Only the overfitting issue and image subtraction method remain to be addressed.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Lesão por Pressão , Diagnóstico Precoce , Hospitalização , Humanos , Modelos Estatísticos , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Lesão por Pressão/diagnóstico , Lesão por Pressão/enfermagem
8.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 22(1): 656, 2022 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35578197

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to document the evolution of perceptions of frontline healthcare workers (FHCW) regarding their well-being and the quality of health systems' response to the COVID-19 pandemic over four months in Pakistan. METHODS: We conducted this prospective longitudinal qualitative study during the four months (June-September 2020) coinciding with the peak and trough of the first wave of Pakistan's COVID-19 pandemic. We approached frontline healthcare workers (physicians and nurses) working in emergency departments (ED) in two hospitals using the WhatsApp group of the Pakistan Society of Emergency Physicians (PSEM). Participants were asked to self-record their perception of their wellness and their level of satisfaction with the quality of their hospitals' response to the pandemic. We transcribed, translated, and analysed manually using MAXQDA 2020 software and conducted the thematic analysis to identify themes and sub-themes. RESULTS: We invited approximately 200 FHCWs associated with PSEM to participate in the study. Of the 61 who agreed to participate, 27 completed the study. A total of 149 audio recordings were received and transcribed. Three themes and eight sub-themes have emerged from the data. The themes were individual-level challenges, health system-level challenges, and hope for the future. Sub-themes for individual-level challenges were: fear of getting or transmitting infection, feeling demotivated and unappreciated, disappointment due to people's lack of compliance with COVID-19 protocols, physical exhaustion, and fatigue. For the healthcare system, sub-themes were: Infrastructure, logistics, management, and communications response of the hospital/healthcare system and financial stressors. For sub-themes under hope for the future were the improved disease knowledge and vaccine development. The overall perceptions and experiences of FHCWs evolved from fear, grief, and negativity to hope and positivity as the curve of COVID-19 went down. CONCLUSION: This study shows that the individuals and systems were not prepared to deal with the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. The findings highlight the challenges faced by individuals and health systems during the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic. The healthcare workers were emotionally and physically taxed, while the health systems were overwhelmed by COVID-19. The overall perceptions of FHCWs evolved with time and became negative to positive as the curve of COVID-19 went down during the first wave of COVID-19 in Pakistan.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/psicologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Médicos/psicologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
9.
J Nurs Scholarsh ; 54(6): 772-786, 2022 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35607898

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 can be considered a unique and complex form of trauma with potentially devastating consequences for nurses in general and new nurses specifically. Few studies have been published that explain how relatively new nurses were prepared for COVID-19 in terms of knowledge and skill and how these nurses fared physically and emotionally. DESIGN: A qualitative descriptive design utilizing purposive sampling to recruit a diverse group of nurses who were within 2 years post-graduation from nursing school. METHODS: In-depth interviews of 29 nurses were conducted using a semi-structured interview guide to elicit data, which was coded and analyzed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Six main themes and multiple subthemes were identified in the data. The main themes were: "We were not prepared," "I was just thrown in," "Avoiding infection," "It was so sad," "We did the best we could," and "I learned so much." CONCLUSION: The nurses who participated in this study expressed fear, weariness, exhaustion, isolation, and distress, observations echoed by studies from other countries. Retention of new nurses in acute care settings has always been a concern. In the recent Current Population Survey, a 4% reduction in nurses under 35 years of age has been reported, imperiling the retention of an effective workforce for decades to come. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A recent report suggests that a larger than expected number of young nurses have left the profession in the wake of the pandemic. Staff shortages threaten the ability of the remaining nurses to do their jobs. This is the time to listen to the needs of new nurses to retain them in the profession and to avoid an even greater shortage in the near future.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Humanos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/enfermagem , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Mão de Obra em Saúde
10.
J Adv Nurs ; 78(6): 1535-1550, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35266194

RESUMO

AIM: To explore how an ecological approach be used to explore relationships among workplace empowerment, authentic leadership, trust in management, areas of work life and co-worker incivility experiences of new graduate nurses. DESIGN: Key concepts related to new graduate nurses' incivility experience informed the research question building on the findings of our first author's integrative review. Second, relevant theories and concepts were identified by conducting a literature review. Third, the themes build on prior theories and factors to propose a hypothetical model. DATA SOURCES: (2016-2019) CINAHL, OVID, PSYCINFO, PUBMED, EBSCO, ERIC, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library; PROQUEST and Google Scholar. REVIEW METHODS: (a) Constructs identified in an IR (Blackstock et al., 2018) guided a literature review on predictive variables linked to new graduate nurse's co-worker incivility experiences; (b) an ecological approach was explored; and (c) we demonstrate how multidimensional organizational factors related to incivility experiences of new graduate nurses can be situated in an ecological model. RESULTS: Structural and organizational factors, and nurse leaders influencing new graduate nurses' experiences are situated in an ecological model. Placing new graduate nurses' co-worker incivility experiences in the microsystem and close to the mesosystem (nurse supervisor) and exosystem (workplace empowerment) of our ecological model provides new insights into their incivility experiences and informs future research. CONCLUSION: The ecological approach and operational definition of incivility help to clarify incivility behaviours as not merely individual behaviours observed by others needing corrective cognitive behaviours, nor support in a graduate transition program, but rather a symptom of work environment factors contributing to multidimensional work environments of new graduate nurses' and influence incivility behaviours. IMPACT: New graduate nurse co-worker incivility research could measure change across time and across system domains informed by this ecological approach and can shape new ways of thinking about how to prevent and mitigate incivility.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação em Enfermagem , Incivilidade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
11.
PLoS One ; 17(3): e0264311, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35263377

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2pandemic necessitated several changes in maternity care. We investigated maternity care providers' opinions on the positive and negative effects of these changes and on potential areas of improvement for future maternity care both in times of crisis and in regular maternity care. METHODS: We conducted nineteen semi-structured in-depth interviews with obstetricians, obstetric residents, community-based and hospital-based midwives and obstetric nurses. The interviews were thematically analysed using inductive Thematic analysis. RESULTS: Five themes were generated: '(Dis)proportionate measures', 'A significant impact of COVID-19', 'Differing views on inter-provider cooperation', 'Reluctance to seek help' and 'Lessons learnt'. The Central Organizing Concept was: 'It was tough but necessary'. The majority of participants were positive about most of the measures that were taken and about their proportionality. These measures had a significant impact on maternity care providers, both mentally and on an organizational level. Most hospital-based care providers were positive about professional cooperation and communication, but some community-based midwives indicated that the cooperation between different midwifery care practices was suboptimal. Negative effects mentioned were a higher threshold for women to seek care, less partner involvement and perceived more fear among women and their partners, especially around birth. The most significant positive effect mentioned was increased use of eHealth tools. Recommendations for future care were to consider the necessity of prenatal and postnatal care more critically, to replace some face-to-face visits with eHealth and to provide more individualised care. CONCLUSION: Maternity care providers experienced measures and organizational changes during the first wave of the COVID19-pandemic as tough, but necessary. They believed that a more critical consideration of medically necessary care, increased use of e-health and more individualised care might contribute to making maternity care more sustainable during and after the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Materna/organização & administração , Adulto , COVID-19/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Masculino , Países Baixos/epidemiologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Inovação Organizacional , Médicos/psicologia , Gravidez , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 1756, 2022 02 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35110674

RESUMO

The current study explores the effect of nightshift work on the decision-making competence and performance of the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and analyzes whether individual differences in the need for cognition (NFC) can moderate this effect. A total of 107 female nurses were recruited to complete the decision-making competence scale and IGT at two times, after a night shift and after a day shift. The results revealed that the IGT scores and decision-making competence of nurses after nightshift work significantly declined, and also that the decrease in decision-making competence was related to the nurses' performance of the IGT. Additionally, the decreasing degree of IGT and decision-making competence scores of the high-NFC group were significantly lower than those of the low-NFC group after nightshift work. In can be concluded that the decrease in decision-making competence which was related with poor decision-making due to nightshift work. NFC moderated the effect of nightshift work on decision-making.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/psicologia , Adulto , Cognição/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos
14.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0259647, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35202415

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hospice care is a multidisciplinary approach that focused on patients' quality of life, and nurses allocate more of their time with patients and patients' families than those nurses working in other disciplines. Nurses' knowledge of and attitudes toward hospice care can affect the quality of hospice care. At present, China's hospice care institutions are suffering from an obvious shortage of nursing staff. Since clinical nurses are the main force behind the future provision of hospice care, their knowledge of, attitudes and willingness to practice can greatly promoted the growth of hospice care, however, available data on clinical nurses' willingness to practice hospice care are limited. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study design was employed to collect data from 1833 nurses working in tertiary or secondary general hospitals in Guangxi, China. We examined nurses' demographic characteristics and scores on the Chinese version of the hospice care knowledge scale, the Chinese version of the Bradley Attitude Assessment Questionnaire, and a brief quiz concerning their willingness to practice hospice care in the future. Descriptive, single factor, multiple regression analyses and logistic regression analyses were used for data analysis. RESULTS: Nurses displayed moderate mean scores for both knowledge of and attitudes, and only 505 (27.5%) nurses expressed their willingness to practice hospice care, 1329 (72.5%) of nurses sampled expressed their unwillingness or uncertainty. Multivariate regression analyses showed that education, professional qualification, monthly income, whether they had been trained in hospice care, and willingness to practice hospice care were the main influencing factors of knowledge; education, whether they lived with someone aged >60 years, and whether they had been trained in hospice care were main factors influencing attitudes. Additionally, logistic regression analyses showed that hospice care knowledge, whether they had been trained in hospice care, and whether they had clinical experience affected the nurses' willingness to practice hospice care. CONCLUSION: This study highlighted a knowledge gap and moderate attitudes toward hospice care among nurses, and most nurses did not prefer to practice hospice care. Having been trained in hospice care was the main common factor of nurses' knowledge of, attitudes toward, and willingness to practice hospice care in the future, indicating the necessity to provide nurses with more targeted hospice care training.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Competência Clínica/normas , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Cuidados Paliativos na Terminalidade da Vida/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/normas , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Cuidados Paliativos/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Int J Nurs Pract ; 28(5): e13040, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35102648

RESUMO

AIM: This systematic review aimed to summarize current research knowledge about the relationships between nurse leaders' leadership styles and nurses' work-related well-being. BACKGROUND: Due to the global shortage of nurses, it is essential for nurse leaders to maximize staff retention and work-related well-being. METHODS: Following Cochrane Collaboration procedures, the PRISMA statement and PRISMA checklist, relevant quantitative studies published between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2020 were retrieved from the CINAHL, Scopus, PubMed and Medic databases and then systematically reviewed. Seventeen cross-sectional and follow-up studies with surveys were retained for inclusion and evaluated with the Critical Appraisal of a Survey instrument. The data were summarized narratively. RESULTS: Three core themes of leadership styles: destructive, supportive and relationally focused, were identified, with statistically significant direct and indirect connections between nurses' work-related well-being. Well-being was mainly assessed in terms of burnout. Effects of leadership styles on work-related well-being were reportedly mediated by trust in leader, trust in organization, empowerment, work-life conflict, relational social capital, emotional exhaustion, affectivity, job satisfaction and motivation. CONCLUSION: Nurse leaders' leadership styles affect nurses' work-related well-being. In developing intervention studies and providing training on work-related well-being, the impact of the indirect effects and the mediating factors of the leadership styles should be acknowledged.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263502, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35180264

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, nurses stand in an unknown situation while facing continuous news feeds. Social media is a ubiquitous tool to gain and share reliable knowledge and experiences regarding COVID-19. The article aims to explore how nurses use social media in relation to the COVID-19 pandemic. METHOD: A scoping review inspired by Arksey and O'Mally was conducted by searches in Medline, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete and Web of Sciences. Empirical research studies investigating nurses' use of social media in relation to COVID-19 were included. Exclusion criteria were: Literature reviews, articles in languages other than English, articles about E-health, and articles investigating healthcare professionals without specification of nurses included. Articles, published in January-November 2020, were included and analysed through a thematic analysis. The PRISMA-ScR checklist was used. RESULTS: Most of the eleven included studies were cross-sectional surveys, conducted in developing countries, and had neither social media nor nurses as their main focus of interest. Three themes were identified: 'Social media as a knowledge node', 'Social media functioned as profession-promoting channels' and 'Social media as a disciplinary tool'. Nurses used social media as channels to gain and share information about COVID-19, and to support each other by highlighting the need for training and changes in delivery of care and redeployment. Further, social media functioned as profession-promoting channels partly sharing heroic self-representations and acknowledgment of frontline persons in the pandemic, partly by displaying critical working conditions. Finally, nurses used social media to educate people to perform the 'right 'COVID-19' behaviours in society. CONCLUSION: This review provided snapshots of nurses' uses of social media from various regions in the world, but revealed a need for studies from further countries and continents. The study calls for further multi-methodological and in depth qualitative research, including theoretically framed studies, with a specific focus on the uses of social media among nurses during the pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Apoio Social/estatística & dados numéricos , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Papel Profissional/psicologia , Apoio Social/psicologia
17.
Eur J Psychotraumatol ; 13(1): 2005346, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35145608

RESUMO

Background: Due to active involvement with patients for COVID-19 treatments, nurses are susceptible to adverse psychological outcomes amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Despite the distress, studies have suggested that nurses are able to experience positive changes (i.e. posttraumatic growth; PTG) during the pandemic. Research on other populations has also indicated that COVID-19-specific worries and work-related coping resources are associated with people's positive changes during the pandemic. Objective: This study examined how socio-demographic characteristics, COVID-19-related worries, and work-related variables (satisfaction with work and workplace pandemic guidelines) were associated with PTG among nurses in Hong Kong. Methods: Nurses (N = 1510) working in hospitals and community settings were recruited through nursing associations in Hong Kong between 8 August 2020 and 22 September 2020. They were invited to complete a cross-sectional survey measuring their sociodemographic characteristics, COVID-19 worries, and satisfaction with work and workplace pandemic-control measures. Results: Results from hierarchical regressions found that those working non-full-time (ß = -0.06), affiliating with a religion (ß = 0.24), having higher COVID-19-related worries and psychological distress (ßs ranging from 0.12-0.15), and having higher work satisfaction (ß = 0.14) were associated with higher PTG (ps < .05). Moreover, a significant interaction between psychological distress and satisfaction with workplace pandemic control guidelines emerged in explaining PTG (ß = 0.08, p < .05), such that guideline satisfaction was only associated with higher PTG among those with higher distress (ß = 0.09, p = .03), but not those with lower distress (ß = -0.05, p > .05). Conclusions: Nurses in Hong Kong did report positive changes amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Future studies could focus on the contributing factors of PTG to design for effective strategies to enhance resources for nurses to promote positive psychosocial outcomes.


Antecedentes: Debido a la participación activa de pacientes en los tratamientos de COVID-19, las/os enfermeras son susceptibles a resultados psicológicos adversos en medio de la pandemia de COVID-19. A pesar de la angustia, los estudios han sugerido que las(os) enfermeras(os) pueden experimentar cambios positivos (es decir, crecimiento postraumático; CPT) durante la pandemia. Investigación en otras poblaciones también ha indicado que las preocupaciones específicas por COVID-19 y los recursos de afrontamiento relacionados con el trabajo están asociados a cambios positivos de las personas durante la pandemia.Objetivo: Este estudio examinó cómo las características sociodemográficas, las preocupaciones relacionadas a COVID-19 y las variables relacionadas con el trabajo (satisfacción con el trabajo y pautas pandémicas en el lugar de trabajo) se asociaron con el CPT entre las(os) enfermeras(os) de Hong Kong.Métodos: Las(os) enfermeras(os) (N = 1510) que trabajan en hospitales y entornos comunitarios fueron reclutadas(os) a través de asociaciones de enfermería en Hong Kong entre el 8 de agosto del 2020 y el 22 de septiembre del 2020. Los participantes fueron invitados a completar una encuesta transversal que midió sus características sociodemográficas, preocupaciones sobre COVID-19 y satisfacción con el trabajo y las medidas de control de pandemias en el lugar de trabajo.Resultados: Los resultados de regresiones jerárquicas encontraron que aquellos que: no trabajaban a tiempo completo (ß = −0.06), se afiliaban a una religión (ß = 0.24), tenían mayores preocupaciones y angustia psicológica relacionadas por COVID-19 (ßs que oscilan entre 0.12­0.15) y tenían una mayor satisfacción laboral (ß = 0.14), se asociaron con CPT más alto (ps < .05). Además, una interacción significativa entre la angustia psicológica y la satisfacción con las pautas de control de la pandemia en el lugar de trabajo, surgió al explicar el CPT (ß = 0.08, p < .05), de modo que la satisfacción de la guía sólo se asoció con un CPT más alto entre aquéllos con mayor angustia (ß = 0.09, p = .03), pero no en aquéllos con menor angustia (ß = −0.05, p > .05).Conclusiones: Las(os) enfermeras(os) en Hong Kong informaron cambios positivos en medio de la pandemia por COVID-19. Los estudios futuros podrían centrarse en los factores que contribuyen a la CPT para diseñar estrategias eficaces con el fin de mejorar los recursos de las(os) enfermeras(os) para promover resultados psicosociales positivos.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Crescimento Psicológico Pós-Traumático , Adulto , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
PLoS One ; 17(2): e0263557, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35171946

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Nursing is a profession that care for personal and private aspects of people's lives. Therefore, nurses need to know the basic ethical aspects of nursing which is integral in nursing practices. The purpose of the study was to describe the ethical knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses in the Cape Coast Metropolis of Ghana. METHOD: A cross-section design was used to collect data from 264 nurses in three selected healthcare facilities in the Metropolis. A structured questionnaire was administered to all the categories of these nurses in the selected facilities. Frequency counts and multiple regression statistics were used to analyze the data. RESULTS: The results show 78% of nurses possess good ethical knowledge, 84% had a positive attitude, while 98% had good ethical practices. The results further show that nurses' professional rank [F (1, 259), 2.35, p = .02] and academic qualification [F (1, 259), 2.67, p = .008] were significant predictors of their ethical knowledge and attitude, respectively. CONCLUSION: Inadequate resources, poor set up of working areas and understaffing are the major barriers limiting the practice of good ethical standards among the nurses. The Regional Health Directorate, the Ministry of Health and the Managers in charge of the health facilities need to work together to eliminate these barriers as they have the potential to negatively impact quality healthcare delivery in the Metropolis.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Ética em Enfermagem , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Padrões de Prática em Enfermagem/normas , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Gana , Humanos , Masculino , Princípios Morais , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Am J Nurs ; 122(2): 64, 2022 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35085158
20.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e58112, Jan. 14, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1363999

RESUMO

Objective: to understand the perception and performance of the Nursing team in a hospital emergency service in the care of patients after attempting suicide. Methods: exploratorystudy, with a qualitative approach, carried out through semi-structured interviews with Nursing professionals who work in an Emergency Service. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed as to their content following Bardin's thematic model. Results: seven nurses and four Nursing technicians participated in the study, with an average age of 36 years, most of them female. Suicide attempts are often associated with 'psychic pain' that is opposed to the principles of life preservation; such an attitude has caused suicidal behavior to be misinterpreted by health professionals. Conclusion: most professionals demonstrated a stereotyped 'pre-concept' and full of taboos about patients who attempted suicide, which triggered a service more directed to physical needs and protocol formalities. Few professionals reported carrying out holistic and empathic care, which is so necessary for these people. In this sense, the importance and urgency of training the team in the identification of suicide risks and in the continuity of treatment of surviving individuals is emphasized.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Equipe de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Dor/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Religião , Suicídio/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Enfermagem em Emergência/ética , Morte , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Hospitais de Emergência/provisão & distribuição , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia
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