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1.
J Dent Educ ; 84(2): 166-175, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043589

RESUMO

Various preclinical methodologies have been adopted by dental and oral health programs to develop student competence in administering dental local anesthetics (LA). Student-to-student practice is the most common preclinical training method. However, manikin simulation models have been introduced to avoid possible complications and ethical concerns with student-to-student injections. In 2017, the methodology was changed in the Bachelor of Oral Health program at The University of Sydney School of Dentistry in Australia from student-to-student practice to manikin simulation models. The aim of this study was to compare the students' learning experience, perceived confidence, and anxiety in giving their first injections to patients in these two preclinical training methods. A mixed-methods cohort design was used to compare the 2016 (n = 42) and 2017 (n = 32) oral health students' experiences and perceptions and evaluate students' clinical experience after commencing LA practice on patients. Students completed a questionnaire about their perceived level of confidence and anxiety before and after their first LA to a child and an adult for both infiltration and inferior alveolar nerve b lock (IANB) injections. Focus groups were conducted to further investigate the students' experience. The results showed that the perceived confidence and anxiety of the two cohorts did not differ significantly from each other. Although students found it difficult to transition into clinical practice without having experienced LA themselves, the manikin simulation practice provided a safe learning platform that avoided ethical and legal concerns. These findings support the use of manikin simulation models as an alte rnative method for dental local anesthetic preclinical training.


Assuntos
Anestésicos Locais , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto , Anestesia Local , Austrália , Criança , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Injeções , Ensino
2.
Emergencias (Sant Vicenç dels Horts) ; 32(1): 45-48, feb. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET2-3436

RESUMO

Objetivo. Evaluar los resultados de la formación mixta frente a la presencial en un curso de soporte vital básico/desfibrilador externo automático (SVB/DEA), así como su retención a los 9 meses. Método. Estudio experimental aleatorizado que compara los resultados de la formación en SVB/DEA entre un grupo control (GC) que recibió formación presencial de 4 horas frente a un grupo experimental (GE) que recibió formación en metodología mixta: 2 horas virtuales y 2 horas presenciales. Resultados. Participaron 89 alumnos (45 del GC y 44 del GE). Después de la formación, el GC obtuvo mejores puntuaciones en conocimientos [8,6 (DE 0,9) frente a 8,0 (DE 1,14), p = 0,013]. El GE obtuvo mejores puntuaciones en las habilidades del tiempo en segundos de "hands off" y en el porcentaje de la rexpansión completa del tórax. Los conocimientos decaen a los 9 meses, pero sin diferencias entre los dos grupos. La retención global baja de 8,31 (DE 1,1) a 6,04 (DE 1,6) (p = 0,001), en 9 meses, pero de forma similar en ambos grupos. En las habilidades prácticas no hubo diferencias entre los dos grupos ni al finalizar el curso ni a los 9 meses. Conclusiones. Con la metodología virtual se obtienen mejores resultados en algunos parámetros de las habilidades


Objective. To evaluate the immediate and 9-month results of blended versus standard training in basic life support and the use of an automatic external defibrillator (BLS/AED). Methods. Randomized trial comparing the results of standard BLS/AED training to blended training. The control group received 4 hours of standard instruction from a trainer and the experimental blended-training group received 2 hours of virtual training and 2 hours of in-person instruction. Results. Eighty-nine students participated, 45 in the control group and 44 in the experimental group. The controls achieved better mean (SD) knowledge scores immediately after training (8.6 [0.9] vs 8.0 [1.14] in the experimental group, P=.013). The blended training group scored better on certain skill markers (hands-off time in seconds and compressions followed by complete chest recoil). Participant knowledge had decreased at 9 months without significant between-group differences. Overall, retention fell from a score of 8.31 (1.1) to 6.04 (1.6) (P=.001) in 9 months and the loss was similar in the 2 groups. No differences in practical skills between the groups were observed at the end of the course or 9 months later. Conclusions. The blended training method led to better results on some skill ítems


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adulto , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/educação , Parada Cardíaca , Índice de Massa Corporal
4.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 85-89, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977945

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine program effectiveness in changing Caritas leadership, self-caring behaviors, and perceptions of coworkers of participants who completed the Caritas Coach Education Program (CCEP). BACKGROUND: The CCEP has been a highly successful education program for individuals who wish to intellectually and experientially learn to teach, live, and practice human caring theory. METHODS: A pretest-posttest descriptive design was used to evaluate changes in perceptions of self-caring, caritas leadership, and coworker behaviors after completion of CCEP. RESULTS: The mean scores of all measures improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: After completion of CCEP, participants demonstrated statistically significant changes in 3 caritas measures: leadership, coworker, and self-rating. Caritas Coach participants exhibited the greatest change in their self-caring scores.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Educação em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Empatia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Filosofia em Enfermagem , Adulto , Arizona , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
5.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 90-94, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977946

RESUMO

As the role of nursing grows in healthcare, the engagement of frontline nurses in evidence-based practice, quality improvement, and research is becoming the expectation and no longer the exception. Clinical nurses are in a unique position to inform and implement scholarly projects. The purpose of this staff development and capacity-building project was to increase the output of scholarly work among frontline nurses through the formalization of nursing inquiry support via designated nursing inquiry project coordinators.


Assuntos
Educação Continuada em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem , Pesquisa em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Cultura Organizacional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
6.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(2): 95-103, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977947

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to investigate a charge nurse pilot training program as an effective, evidence-based training modality to improve leadership style and resiliency. BACKGROUND: Leadership is inherent and necessary in the charge nurse role. Little published research about charge nurse leadership training programs exists. METHODS: A pre-post design, with intervention and comparison groups, was conducted at an integrated healthcare system. A random sample of charge nurses was selected to pilot a standardized charge nurse leadership training program including in-person learning to foster leadership skills and nurture resiliency. RESULTS: The sample included 19 control participants and 22 intervention participants. Significant improvement was noted in transformational, transactional, leadership outcomes, and resiliency from preintervention to postintervention for the all subjects. Of the 22 intervention participants, the training elicited higher satisfaction with leadership behavior, followed by effectiveness and their ability to motivate. Charge nurses who attended training had higher resiliency scores pre-post intervention. CONCLUSION: The charge nurse pilot training was an effective program that led to improved leadership style and resiliency.


Assuntos
Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras/educação , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Supervisão de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sudeste dos Estados Unidos , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 567-574, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this Web-based survey was to elucidate the current perspectives of plastic surgery residency program directors on training residents to perform gender-affirming surgery. METHODS: Web-based surveys were distributed to 79 plastic surgery program directors. Demographic information and perspectives on training of gender-affirming surgery in plastic surgery residency were queried. RESULTS: Of 79 distributed surveys, there were 43 responses (54 percent). Overall, program directors reported that their trainees were prepared to address plastic surgery-related transgender concerns (67 percent), and believe plastic surgeons are the most appropriate specialty referral for each type of gender-affirming surgery (top/chest, 98 percent; facial, 95 percent; and bottom/genital, 79 percent). Ninety-three percent of program directors noted that transgender surgery is becoming more accepted and/or practiced in their referral area, with 26 percent reporting a dedicated clinic experience. There was a mixed response on the need for additional fellowship training for gender-affirming surgery. Residents are exposed to significantly more bottom (p = 0.0018), top (p = 0.0013), and facial operations (p = 0.00005) if they rotate through a "gender" clinic. CONCLUSIONS: Of the queried program directors, the majority feel their residents are well-trained in gender-affirming surgery. However, residents have more clinical exposure in facial and top (chest) gender-affirming surgery as compared to bottom (genital) surgery. Although most program directors agree that plastic surgeons are the most important referral for top, bottom, and facial operations, there is less consensus over the role of fellowship training. Most program directors reported a desire to devote additional CME time to the topic in the coming years.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/educação , Bolsas de Estudo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transexualismo/cirurgia , Estados Unidos
8.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 576-584, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985665

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prior studies demonstrate that social media are used by plastic surgeons to educate and engage. The hashtag #PlasticSurgery has been studied previously and is embraced by American plastic surgeons and journals; however, no studies have examined its use or adoption across Europe. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 800 tweets containing the words "plastic surgery" or the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in four of the most spoken European languages worldwide excluding English (Spanish, #CirugiaPlastica; French, #ChirurgiePlastique; Portuguese, #CirurgiaPlastica; and German, #PlastischeChirurgie) was performed. The following were assessed: identity of author, subject matter, use of the hashtag #PlasticSurgery in each language, whether posts by surgeons and academic institutions were self-promotional or educational, and whether a link to a journal article or a reference in PubMed was provided. RESULTS: Seventeen percent and 3 percent of analyzed tweets came from plastic surgeons or academic institutions, respectively; only 17.5 percent of them were for educational purpose. None of them had any digital link to a peer-reviewed article or a scientific journal. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the low participation of plastic surgeons and academic institutions in social media (especially for education) in four of the major world languages. Social media should be considered in Europe as an opportunity to increase leadership, improve education, and spread knowledge of plastic surgery by board-certified plastic surgeons.


Assuntos
Educação Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Cirurgia Plástica/educação , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Linguagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Terminologia como Assunto
9.
J Clin Psychiatry ; 81(2)2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31995679

RESUMO

Valbenazine and deutetrabenazine are FDA-approved as treatment for tardive dyskinesia (TD). Both medications are vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) inhibitors, and both are effective for reducing TD symptoms. Clinicians need to be aware of the adverse effects of valbenazine and deutetrabenazine, as well as other key differences between the two, in order to individualize treatment. Using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale assists clinicians in assessing progress for each patient. Treating TD effectively with these new medications will reduce the burden of the condition for patients.


Assuntos
Exame Neurológico/métodos , Discinesia Tardia , Tetrabenazina/análogos & derivados , Valina/análogos & derivados , Proteínas Vesiculares de Transporte de Monoamina/antagonistas & inibidores , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Conduta do Tratamento Medicamentoso , Moduladores de Transporte de Membrana/administração & dosagem , Moduladores de Transporte de Membrana/efeitos adversos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/normas , Psiquiatria/educação , Discinesia Tardia/induzido quimicamente , Discinesia Tardia/diagnóstico , Discinesia Tardia/tratamento farmacológico , Tetrabenazina/administração & dosagem , Tetrabenazina/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Valina/administração & dosagem , Valina/efeitos adversos
10.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 67(1): 81-88, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND & PROBLEMS: Early rehabilitation after stroke is important for the recovery of bodily functions in stroke patients. However, the percentage of completion of early limb rehabilitation among stroke patients is only 16%. PURPOSE: Raise the early rehabilitation intervention rate to 88% for patients with stroke within 24 hours of hospitalization. RESOLUTION: We developed an education course on post-stroke rehabilitation and a related e-Learning course as well as organized an 'alliance for recovery' team. In addition, we established a standard for post-stroke relay rehabilitation and designed rehabilitation relay cards, Xbox rehabilitation games, and nine squares challenge for brain stroke care. RESULTS: The accuracy of the knowledge of nursing staff related to physical rehabilitation improved from 72.4% to 100%; the accuracy of their perceptions regarding early limb rehabilitation increased from 16% to 100%; and patient satisfaction increased from 68% to 98%. CONCLUSIONS: We deployed diverse and innovative strategies to assist limb rehabilitation in patients with stroke. Patients and caregivers should be encouraged to participate in early rehabilitation and related programs and should apply the skills and rehabilitation activities learned to daily life.


Assuntos
Extremidades/fisiopatologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/enfermagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Difusão de Inovações , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/educação , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento de Programas
11.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 103-5, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930908

RESUMO

In this paper, the micro-video teaching mode was explored in the course construction of Characteristic Clinical Technology of Acupuncture and Moxibustion. The micro-video teaching contents include the academic thought, experience in diagnosis and treatment, characteristic technology and clinical manipulation of famous acupuncture experts in the Henan University of CM. Each micro-video film is designed within 15-18 min, including three sections of knowledge, i.e. basic theory, technological application and clinical manipulation. Each section is designed within 5-6 min. The construction of the teaching course of Characteristic Clinical Technology of Acupuncture and Moxibustion is the innovation of practice mode of TCM and the new approach to the inheritance of the experience of experts. The construction of micro-video teaching course propels the reform of teaching mode, improves the learning initiative of students and clinical manipulative ability so as to improve the teaching effect and quality.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura , Moxibustão , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Ensino
12.
Zhongguo Zhen Jiu ; 40(1): 106-8, 2020 Jan 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31930909

RESUMO

The new teaching mode of Science of Meridians and Acupoints based on the practice platform was explored so as to promote the mutual benefits for both teaching and learning. As the basic course of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina specialty, Science of Meridians and Acupoints is the core theoretical and practical course. Through the establishment of on-campus practice platforms, e.g. the Technique Association of Acupuncture-Moxibustion and Tuina, physical therapy room of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina and the practical platform for promoting outside-campus medical service, in accordance with the teaching mode of "theory → practice → re-theory → re-practice", the class teaching of theory and the skill training were optimized, the three-dimensional practice platforms for teaching Science of Meridians and Acupoints was constructed, meaning "class teaching → on-campus practice → social service". This teaching mode motivates the enthusiasm of teaching and learning, improves the teaching quality of Science of Meridians and Acupoints, enhances the professional theoretical level as well as the clinical practice ability. Such teaching mode plays a positive role in the cultivation of talents of acupuncture-moxibustion and tuina.


Assuntos
Pontos de Acupuntura , Meridianos , Moxibustão , Ensino
16.
J Vet Med Educ ; 47(1): 39-43, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951799

RESUMO

Mock board exams are common in residency programs across many disciplines. However, the value of mock board results in predicting success on the actual certifying examination is largely anecdotal and undocumented. The University of Tennessee anatomic pathology residency program has a long history of giving mock board exams twice a year during the course of the 3-year diagnostic training program. The mock exams give residents a sense of the types of questions that may appear on the actual certifying examination. The resulting scores serve to help identify improvement areas to focus additional study. In addition, by providing residents the mental and physical experiences designed to mimic the test day, we hope to better prepare these trainees for optimal performance on the certifying examination. This study correlated mock board results of 16 anatomic pathology residents, from July 2006 through January 2016, with their subsequent performance on the certifying exam. The results of these biannual exams were significantly correlated (p < .001) with results for the American College of Veterinary Pathologists Certifying Examination.


Assuntos
Certificação , Educação em Veterinária , Avaliação Educacional , Patologia , Animais , Certificação/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Internato e Residência , Patologia/educação , Estados Unidos
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