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1.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 460, 2022 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35706013

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical medical education is essential in physician training. This study developed recommendations for medical residency course design on the basis of the perspectives of learners in China and how they interact with their environment. The central research topic was the professional development and learning process of residents, including the obstacles that hinder and factors that promote their learning, their views on existing teaching methods, interaction between teachers and medical teams, and suggestions for designing future residency training programs. METHODS: This study had a qualitative research design. Interviews were conducted between July and October 2019 with 17 specialist residents and 12 assistant general practitioner residents from the department of education of the hospital. The participants were recruited from Qingyuan People's Hospital in Guangdong Province, China. The interview outlines focused on the following four themes: clinical learning experiences and reflections on learning, experience of interaction with patients, experience of working with other medical personnel, and future learning directions. RESULTS: To overcome challenges in clinical learning, the residents mainly learned from their teachers and focused specifically on their own experiences. Regarding teaching methods and designs in clinical medicine, the residents preferred large-group, small-group, and bedside teaching and reported that bedside teaching enables the resolution of clinical problems, initiates self-learning, and improves diagnostic thinking. They disliked teachers with low teaching motivation or who were reluctant to interact with them and favored teachers who had strong teaching skills and respect for their students. CONCLUSIONS: The residents suggested that clinical and active learning must be the main learning method for developing general medical competencies. Residency training must be conducted in an environment that facilitates residents' learning and meaningful learning activities. The interdependent symbiotic relationships in the education ecosystem can serve as a reference for designing residency courses.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Médicos , Ecossistema , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ensino
2.
PLoS One ; 17(6): e0267144, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35709198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for online courses has increased enormously. Therefore, finding new methods to improve medical education is imperative. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the self-reports of the individual student-centered virtual teaching techniques (seminar versus fishbowl) in a group of medical students. METHODS: During the second semester of 2020, students in the clinical phase of the study (n = 144) participated in the optional subject of Sports Medicine. The students were divided into 2 groups. One group (n = 72) received the knowledge transfer in the form of a virtual seminar, the other group (n = 72) in the form of a virtual fishbowl. RESULTS: Virtual seminar and virtual fishbowl students gave insights into these teaching techniques. Most of the students from the virtual fishbowl group believed that the virtual fishbowl format allowed them to be more actively involved in learning. The mean quiz scores were statistically higher for students in the virtual fishbowl group than students in the virtual seminar group (p < 0. 001). CONCLUSION: This study concluded that virtual seminars and virtual fishbowl formats could be served as structured learning and teaching formats. At the same time, the virtual fishbowl format can promote an active exchange of knowledge from students' perspectives.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Medicina Esportiva , Estudantes de Medicina , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Pandemias , Ensino
3.
BMJ Open ; 12(6): e055235, 2022 Jun 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35710246

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact and transferability of a novel teaching method on virtual communication skills for final year medical students. DESIGN: Mixed-methods, interventional before-and-after study. SETTING: NHS Lanarkshire, Scotland. PARTICIPANTS: 21 final year medical students on their obstetrics and gynaecology (O&G) placement from September to December 2020. INTERVENTIONS: A two-part teaching session on virtual communication skills. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reported confidence in conducting consultations preteaching and post-teaching, exposure to virtual consultations, usefulness of teaching and transferability to primary care. Data were collected using preteaching and post-teaching evaluation tools and an online survey. RESULTS: Of 21 participants, 1 student did not attend the second session so was excluded from post-teaching evaluation results and the online survey. Preteaching results were collected from 21 participants and post-teaching results from 20. Mean confidence scores increased across all domains post-teaching. Mean confidence in opening the consultation increased from 2.67 (95% CI 2.21 to 3.13) to 4.70 (95% CI 4.50 to 4.90); history-taking from 3.38 (95% CI 3.07 to 3.69) to 4.45 (95% CI 4.19 to 4.71); decision-making and forming a management plan from 2.62 (95% CI 2.28 to 2.96) to 3.90 (95% CI 3.66 to 4.14) and closing the consultation from 2.81 (95% CI 2.45 to 3.17) to 4.60 (95% CI 4.38 to 4.81). There was no change in exposure to virtual consultations during O&G placement. 16 (80%) participants responded to the online survey; 14 (87.5%) rated the sessions 'very useful' and all 16 considered them worthwhile continuing. 12 (75%) had the opportunity to practise virtual consultations on general practitioner, mostly via telephone. CONCLUSIONS: We found that teaching students virtual consultation skills improved short term confidence and were transferable to primary care placements. Future research is suggested to assess this teaching model following adaptation and incorporation into medical education and training across specialties and grades. It would be useful to evaluate the impact on competence post intervention through observed skills.


Assuntos
Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Educação Médica , Estudantes de Medicina , Competência Clínica , Educação de Graduação em Medicina/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Ensino
4.
J Pak Med Assoc ; 72(5): 935-939, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35713059

RESUMO

The novel corona virus pandemic culminated in a global emergency shutting down educational institutions with recommendations of distant learning. Developing countries like Pakistan faced challenges in terms of keeping the education stream running. The current narrative review was planned to discuss the teaching strategies adopted by various institutes for coping with the situation created by the coronavirus disease-2019. Literature search was done using search engines and databases with key words 'Academics', 'Coping strategies', 'Covid-19', 'Online learning', 'Rehabilitation curriculum' and their combinations. As a result, 37 articles were analysed for education involving conformation of curricula to social distancing protocol, and use of video-conferencing software, practical rehabilitation curriculum delivery, and evaluation methods. Developing countries, like Pakistan, should upgrade and revise their rehabilitation curriculum at theoretical and practical levels and try to convert the adversity of the pandemic into an opportunity to develop standardised e-learning programmes and compatible software.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Educação à Distância , Adaptação Psicológica , Currículo , Humanos , Pandemias , Ensino
5.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2440263, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35694572

RESUMO

With the vigorous development of higher education in China, many universities have made great progress in various indicators in recent years. As the number of college students increases year by year, the effect of instruction in the classroom is especially important. The high quality of teaching directly affects the efficiency of students' listening to lectures, and more and more universities are receiving attention. However, the traditional dance classroom education and the one-to-many education model cannot adapt to the development trend of higher art education under the changes of the times and cannot effectively guarantee the quality of classroom education. The development of wireless sensor networks provides practical and feasible technical solutions for the development of dance education systems. Compared with general detection methods, image sensors can provide more real-time and more intuitive on-site information and wirelessly send image information to user terminals. This article describes the classic feature extraction algorithm and proposes a new feature extraction algorithm based on chart filling. The effectiveness of each algorithm is verified through several data sets. Image recognition is carried out by computer, including from computer to image processing, through the computer to recognize objects and various different modes of the target technology. The identification process usually includes several steps. First, the preprocessing of the image is required, then the segmentation of the image is performed, and then the feature extraction and matching are performed. In layman's terms, image recognition hopes to imitate the human heart to read photos. By applying the image recognition technology to the dance education system, changes in the methods and forms of dance education can be stimulated.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , China , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador/métodos , Estudantes , Ensino , Universidades
7.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7068923, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35747728

RESUMO

This study expects to solve the network delay in college English online teaching, prevent disrupting the normal teaching order of college English classroom caused by network problems, increase college students' interest in learning English, and improve the time spent by college students in English learning. First, the study investigates and analyzes the current needs and situation of college English online learning and puts forward the improvement standards for college English online classroom. Second, the study applies edge computing (EC) technology to improve online teaching system and designs an online learning system for college specific English based on EC. Finally, the improvement effect is tested, and it is concluded that the effect of using EC to improve the online classroom system for college English is better than that of the unmodified online teaching system. The results reveal that the online classroom system for college English based on EC designed can effectively reduce the network delay of the traditional teaching system, ensure a high reliability, and increase the time for students to learn English, so it is helpful to improve the teaching quality. The results provide a new direction for applying emerging computer technology in online teaching in colleges and universities, a guarantee for improving college students' English level, and set an example for the relevant research in the future.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Estudantes , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ensino , Universidades
8.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 7277742, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35761871

RESUMO

Physical education in middle school is very important for teenagers, so it is also crucial to understand the differences between PET (Physical Education Teaching) systems in middle schools at home and abroad. The frontier and hotspot of PET research in middle schools at home and abroad are examined in this paper using citation analysis, information visualization, and cluster analysis, as well as CiteSpace software. The findings show that PET method research in China is qualitative, whereas PET method research in middle schools around the world is quantitative evaluation and empirical research. Domestic research hotspots focus on classroom instructional design, whereas foreign countries focus on load identification theory's application in instructional design. Frontier research in the United States is dispersed and covers a wide range of topics, whereas research in other countries focuses on cognitive load theory. The classification time of this improved algorithm is reduced by 190.97 seconds when compared to the traditional KNN algorithm, and the total time is increased by more than 50%. According to the findings, nonsports or nonsports influencing factors should be given more consideration in the study of adolescent physical fitness decline in China.


Assuntos
Educação Física e Treinamento , Instituições Acadêmicas , Adolescente , Algoritmos , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Ensino , Estados Unidos
10.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 2184600, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35755735

RESUMO

To address the problems of poor compatibility, weak load capacity, and time consumption of existing multimedia-assisted teaching systems, we propose and design a physics multimedia-assisted English teaching system based on a concept network. The architecture of the physics multimedia-assisted teaching system is constructed with the logical layer as the core, and the theoretical knowledge module, experiment module, and student practice module are designed, respectively. Based on the concept network, a large number of rules in the physics teaching system are attached to the concepts to form the concept network knowledge system and complete the design of the theoretical knowledge system. This paper explores the multimedia teaching of college English and points out the advantages and characteristics of this teaching mode and the problems to be paid attention to in the process of application. The design of the physics multimedia-assisted teaching system is completed by realizing students' practice and giving feedback on the practice results. The experimental results show that the system has good compatibility, strong load capacity, low time consumption, and practical application value.


Assuntos
Multimídia , Estudantes , Humanos , Ensino , Universidades
11.
Comput Intell Neurosci ; 2022: 6423550, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35755743

RESUMO

This study enhances the conventional English-Chinese bilingual teaching mode by incorporating the continuous digital twin technology into its design. In addition to the typical video and audio transmission teaching functions, the English-Chinese bilingual distant education system also includes a number of interactive capabilities. The approach described in this study is mostly utilized for bilingual instruction in colleges and universities, and the instruction is enhanced by digital twin technology. In this work, the system performance test focuses primarily on the evaluation of teaching quality and teaching satisfaction. Among these are the evaluation of teaching quality by questionnaires, the evaluation of this paper's system by a number of senior teachers, and the calculation of student satisfaction through teaching experiments. The results of the study indicate that the strategy described in this work has a particular effect.


Assuntos
Estudantes , Tecnologia , China , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino , Universidades
12.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 488, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35739594

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Properly designed and implemented eLearning can lead to improvement of dental teaching quality. Various strategies have been proposed to increase the effectiveness of eLearning in dental education, however, there is a lack of research to assess the effectiveness of these strategies. OBJECTIVE: To investigate dental students' learning performance and perception of a virtual flipped learning format compared to a virtual traditional learning method. METHODS: A crossover pilot study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, Princes Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia. Computer-generated randomization, blinded from researchers who analyzed the results, was performed to allocate 32 participants (aged 23.27 ± 0.86 years) to one of two groups. Participants in the control group were taught through the virtual traditional learning method (VTL) using live video lectures. In contrast, participants in the intervention group were taught through the virtual flipped learning method (VFL) using recorded online lectures and post-lecture virtual discussions. Learning gain and preference were measured by pre- and post-test average score differences and a modified validated survey, respectively. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in learning performance between VFL and VTL groups (P > 0.05). However, students preferred VFL over VTL and the differences were significant among all survey items, except for the opportunity to ask questions. CONCLUSION: Health professions educators are encouraged to carefully design online curricula with efficient learning strategies that help students improve learning performance and foster self-directed learning skills while valuing active learning in an online environment. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04692142 , 31/12/2020.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes , Currículo , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35742721

RESUMO

An interaction and cognitive engagement-based blended teaching mode was applied to obstetrics and gynecology nursing course to examine the effects on nursing students' competency, self-directed learning level. A randomized controlled trail design was designed. The experimental group engaged with the blended teaching, and the control group was assigned a usual teaching. The level of competency, self-directed learning was compared between two groups. The total score and scores of each dimension of core competence and self-induced learning ability in intervention group were all higher than those in control group (p < 0.05).


Assuntos
Ginecologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem , Cognição , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Ensino
14.
CBE Life Sci Educ ; 21(3): ar42, 2022 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35759625

RESUMO

Most science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) departments inadequately evaluate teaching, which means they are not equipped to recognize or reward effective teaching. As part of a project at one institution, we observed that departmental chairs needed help recognizing the decisions they would need to make to improve teaching evaluation practices. To meet this need, we developed the Guides to Advance Teaching Evaluation (GATEs), using an iterative development process. The GATEs are designed to be a planning tool that outlines concrete goals to guide reform in teaching evaluation practices in STEM departments at research-intensive institutions. The GATEs are grounded in the available scholarly literature and guided by existing reform efforts and have been vetted with STEM departmental chairs. The GATEs steer departments to draw on three voices to evaluate teaching: trained peers, students, and the instructor. This research-based resource includes three components for each voice: 1) a list of departmental target practices to serve as goals; 2) a characterization of common starting places to prompt reflection; and 3) ideas for getting started. We provide anecdotal examples of potential uses of the GATEs for reform efforts in STEM departments and as a research tool to document departmental practices at different time points.


Assuntos
Engenharia , Estudantes , Engenharia/educação , Humanos , Matemática , Ensino , Tecnologia/educação , Universidades
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35682389

RESUMO

Bedside teaching is essential in family medicine education so that residents may learn about various clinical conditions and develop professional skills. In particular, bedside teaching is useful in a rural context because rural family medicine deals with a broad scope of biopsychosocial problems among older patients. Accordingly, based on an inductive thematic analysis, we propose a framework for bedside teaching in rural family medicine education, which consists of four themes: accommodation of different learners, near-peer learning, the change in engagement of medical teachers in bedside teaching, and driving interpersonal collaboration. Bedside teaching can promote interactions between different medical learners. Near-peer learning in bedside teaching compensates for the limited availability of educators and improves learners' motivation for self-directed learning. Through bedside teaching, medical learners can observe each other and provide constructive feedback, thereby improving their relationships and learning. For effective bedside teaching, medical educators should facilitate learners and collaborate with other medical professionals. Additionally, bedside teaching should accommodate a variety of learners, facilitate near-peer and self-directed learning, educators' involvement based on cognitive apprenticeship, along with interprofessional collaboration with nurses. Interprofessional collaboration between rural family medicine teachers, learners, and nurses may improve the quality of patient care due to the increased understanding between patients and other medical staff in hospitals.


Assuntos
Medicina de Família e Comunidade , Aprendizagem , Humanos , Japão , Ensino
16.
BMC Med Educ ; 22(1): 487, 2022 Jun 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35733187

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have primarily implemented problem-based learning (PBL) or flipped classroom (FC) teaching models in different majors; however, research on the combined PBL-FC teaching method in clinical medicine is scarce. Therefore, we investigated the combined PBL-FC teaching method in teaching ocular trauma on students' competencies. METHOD: About 75 ophthalmology postgraduates were randomly divided into PBL-FC and traditional teaching groups. Students completed pre-and post-class theoretical examinations, skills evaluation, learning ability scales, and feedback questionnaires. RESULTS: Both groups showed significantly higher theoretical scores and improved learning ability. Feedback questionnaire scores of the PBL-FC group's postgraduates without clinical experience were significantly higher than the traditional group's for some items; there was no difference between groups in postgraduates with clinical experience. PBL-FC group's pre-class preparation time was significantly longer than the traditional group's, but the post-class review time was significantly shorter. PBL-FC group's post-class theoretical performance was significantly higher than the traditional group's. There was no statistical difference between the groups regarding skill operation. Among postgraduates without clinical experience, the PBL-FC group's skill operation performance was significantly higher than the traditional group's; for postgraduates with clinical experience, the traditional group's skill operation performance was significantly higher than the PBL-FC group's. CONCLUSIONS: PBL-FC teaching is better for students without clinical experience or knowledge of ophthalmic diseases. Meanwhile, traditional teaching is a good choice for students with clinical experience who need more relevant knowledge.


Assuntos
Oftalmologia , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Oftalmologia/educação , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino
17.
J Pediatr Urol ; 18(3): 262, 2022 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35750404
18.
Br Dent J ; 232(11): 813-818, 2022 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35689065

RESUMO

Introduction The demographic shift in the age profile of the UK is now well established. Older people have more complex requirements to maintain their oral health and appropriate training is required to provide good-quality oral and dental care. This research aimed to review the training in gerodontology currently being provided to undergraduate dental and dental hygiene therapy (DHT) students in the UK.Methods Quantitative data were generated through completion of an online questionnaire, emailed to the directors of dental education in each of the UK dental (n = 16) and DHT schools (n = 21). Data were analysed using IBM SPSS Statistics V26.Results There was a response rate of 37.5% from dental schools and 61.9% from DHT schools. Although gerodontology was being taught in every school that responded, it was only a standalone course in 16.7% of dental schools and 7.7% of DHT schools that responded. While all respondents reported a theoretical component, only 50% of dental schools and 53.8% of DHT schools reported providing clinical experience. Moreover, 33.3% of dental schools and 15.4% of DHT schools reported closely following the European curriculum guidelines in gerodontology.Conclusions The current training in gerodontology is not standardised across either dental or DHT schools in the UK and there seems to be a lack of awareness of the recommended European guidelines. The findings from this research demonstrate that future improvements in gerodontology training are still required for this to be achieved.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia , Higiene Bucal , Idoso , Currículo , Humanos , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ensino , Reino Unido
19.
Comput Math Methods Med ; 2022: 3278395, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35734772

RESUMO

In the context of the combination of industry and education, the construction of industrial colleges in vocational colleges can drive the scientific development of specialty settings in colleges and universities, and promote the way for colleges to expand students' practical teaching under the teaching of theoretical knowledge, and it is also an effective way for students to stimulate their learning enthusiasm and innovation enthusiasm. Colleges and universities can increase the direction and characteristics of specialist settings in colleges while enhancing instructors' professional level through school-business collaboration, and growing measures of talent training in colleges and universities plays a significant guiding role. The way to set up industrial colleges in vocational colleges reflects the development characteristics of talent training mode in the new era, and it is also an effective way to meet the practical training of students and the actual needs of society. It is a new school running mode of transforming productivity, cooperation, and mutual benefit, which is very worthy of promotion and development. This paper analyzes the problems existing in the construction of industrial colleges in vocational colleges in China and finds out the corresponding solutions. A path method of industrial college construction in vocational colleges based on the cluster analysis algorithm is proposed. The validity of this model is verified by experiments, which lays a foundation for the construction of industrial colleges in vocational colleges.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Estudantes , Tecnologia/educação , Universidades/tendências , Educação Vocacional/normas , China , Análise por Conglomerados , Escolaridade , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ensino/tendências , Educação Vocacional/tendências
20.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 43(6): 922-930, 2022 Jun 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35725351

RESUMO

Objective: This study aims to systematically sort out the effectiveness evaluation of the general education teaching models in epidemiology at home and abroad and provide a reference for the development and reform of epidemiology education. Methods: A systematic search of English databases such as PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science and Chinese databases such as CNKI, Sinomed, Wanfang, etc., were used to screen out the literature on different general teaching models of education in epidemiology. Each literature's teaching effect will be summarized and evaluated to conduct a systematic qualitative review in the narrative integration method, Results: A total of 45 articles (28 in Chinese and 17 in English) were included in this study, involving 14 teaching models, including mixed teaching models, PBL (problem-based learning), project designing models, and CBL (case-based learning) and other teaching models. Except for some teaching models such as project design, network platform, and flipped classroom model, the teaching effect of other innovative models is better than that of the traditional model. The distribution of teaching models was different in Chinese and foreign literature. Foreign teaching models were diverse, mainly concentrated in mixed teaching models and software/network platform learning. Domestic teaching models were relatively fixed. The mixed teaching model and PBL model were the most widely used in China, and there were fewer comparative studies between different teaching models than in foreign countries. Conclusion: General education in epidemiology is still in the early exploration stage. Compared with the traditional lecture model, the effect of various innovative teaching models has been improved. According to teaching objectives and student characteristics, we encourage extensive use of different teaching strategies, combining theoretical knowledge with practical applications and integrating epidemiological knowledge with inter-professional knowledge. Thus, students who can apply what they learn are becoming interdisciplinary talents our society needs.


Assuntos
Aprendizagem , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , China/epidemiologia , Atenção à Saúde , Humanos , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas/métodos , Estudantes , Ensino
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