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1.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1602-1606, 2019.
Artigo em Polonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586970

RESUMO

All over world people live longer. In highly civilized societies the elderly people are half of the population. The old age crowns the whole life, it is the period when one enjoys the fruits of his labours. The man, when living on earth, completes a certain cycle which begins with the birth and is crowned with the old age. Each age is somehow beautiful but the extreme happiness is to go through the whole cycle. The old age is the specific beauty enriched with the past which had prepared it. Through their whole life one should be preparing to have successful, cheerful old age as it crowns air existence. The elderly like calmness, rest, silence and deadened sounds. Thanks to these traits they make every environment harmonious, calm and peaceful. They do it subconsciously thanks to their existence, exclusively through their own presence because these traits are the inherent part of their lives. The old age is God's grace given to man. That is why we may easily say that in their hand an old man holds their life's achievements that they will introduce to God one day.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Felicidade , Idoso , Humanos
2.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 3): 180-187, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363837

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As population ageing takes place around the world, research on attitudes toward ageing and older people increases in relevance. With migration of people from the Arab world into countries with high percentages of older adults, attitudes toward ageing and older adults held in Arab culture are of particular interest. OBJECTIVE: The article provides a review of the empirical literature on attitudes toward ageing and older adults held in the Arab world and discusses the findings on the basis of the general literature on age stereotypes, attitudes toward ageing, and ageism as well as their link to culture. METHOD: A literature search was performed to find empirical studies on attitudes toward ageing and older adults that include Arab samples. Studies published in Arabic or English were included. RESULTS: Studies on attitudes toward ageing with Arab samples are scarce and do not show cohesive patterns of results. None of the hypotheses that have been brought forward to explain cross-cultural differences regarding attitudes toward ageing (i.e., the culture, modernization, and speed of population ageing hypotheses) can fully account for the results. Possible reasons for conflicting results include sociodemographic variables, regional differences, lack of differentiation between meta-perceptions and personal attitudes, heterogeneity of measurement instruments and definitions of "older people" and possible confounds due to the usage of subjective Likert scales in cross-cultural studies. CONCLUSION: Further research on attitudes toward ageing in Arab samples are needed and should consider heterogeneity within Arab culture as well as variables other than culture.


Assuntos
Ageismo/etnologia , Envelhecimento/etnologia , Árabes , Estereotipagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ageismo/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atitude , Comparação Transcultural , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino
3.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2732, 2019 07 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31266956

RESUMO

Segregation of objects from their backgrounds is a fundamental visual function and one that is particularly effective when objects are in motion. Theoretically, suppressive center-surround mechanisms are well suited for accomplishing motion segregation. This longstanding hypothesis, however, has received limited empirical support. We report converging correlational and causal evidence that spatial suppression of background motion signals is critical for rapid segmentation of moving objects. Motion segregation ability is strongly predicted by both individual and stimulus-driven variations in spatial suppression strength. Moreover, aging-related superiority in perceiving background motion is associated with profound impairments in motion segregation. This segregation deficit is alleviated via perceptual learning, but only when motion segregation training also causes decreased sensitivity to background motion. We argue that perceptual insensitivity to large moving stimuli effectively implements background subtraction, which, in turn, enhances the visibility of moving objects and accounts for the observed link between spatial suppression and motion segregation.


Assuntos
Percepção de Movimento , Navegação Espacial , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Movimento (Física) , Córtex Visual/fisiologia , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16272, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277151

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: As aging is associated with functional decline, preventing functional limitations and maintaining independence throughout later life has emerged as an important public health goal. Research indicates that sedentary behavior (prolonged sitting) is associated with functional loss and diminished ability to carry out activities of daily living. Despite many efforts to increase physical activity, which can be effective in countering functional loss, only an estimated 8% of older adults meet national physical activity guidelines. Thus, shifting the focus to reducing sitting time is emerging as a potential new intervention strategy but little research has been conducted in this area. With community support and funding, we developed and pilot tested a 4-week "Stand Up and Move More" intervention and found decreases in sedentary behavior, increases in physical activity, and improvements in mobility and vitality in a small sample of older adults. The purpose of this project is to expand upon these pilot results and examine the effectiveness and feasibility of translating a "Stand Up and Move More" intervention by State Aging Units to older adults in underserved communities. Eighty older adults from 4 counties across Wisconsin predominantly made up of rural older adults and older African American adults are randomly assigned to intervention (n = 40) or wait-list control (n = 40) groups. The intervention consists of 4 weekly sessions plus a refresher session at 8 weeks, and is delivered by community partners in each county. The sessions are designed to elicit ideas from older adults regarding how they can reduce their sitting time, help them set practical goals, develop action plans to reach their goals, and refine their plans across sessions to promote behavior change. Sedentary behavior, physical activity levels, functional performance, and health-related quality of life are assessed before and after the intervention to examine the effectiveness of the program. Feasibility of implementing the program by our community partners is assessed via semi-structured interviews. Strengths of this project include strong community collaborations and a high need given that the older adult population is projected to increase substantially in the next 15 years. CONCLUSION: This project will provide an important step in developing effective strategies for maintaining independence in older adults through determining the feasibility and impact of a community-based intervention to break up sitting time.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Terapia Comportamental/métodos , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Exercício/fisiologia , Estilo de Vida Saudável/fisiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Comportamento Sedentário , Idoso , Feminino , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Clin Interv Aging ; 14: 1007-1019, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213787

RESUMO

Background: Historically, influential models and theories of health behavior employed in aging research view human behavior as determined by conscious processes that involve intentional motives and beliefs. We examine the evolution, strengths, and weaknesses of this approach; then offer a contemporary definition of the mind, provide support for it, and discuss the implications it has for the design of behavioral interventions in research on aging. Methods: A narrative review was conducted. Results: Traditionally, models and theories used to either predict or change health behaviors in aging have not viewed the mind as encompassing embodied and relational processes nor have they given adequate attention to multi-level, in-the-moment determinants of health behavior. Discussion: Future theory and research in aging would benefit from a broader integrative model of health behavior. The effects of adverse life experience and changes in biological systems with aging and chronic disease on health behavior warrant increased attention.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Psicológicos
6.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(2): 309-314, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232064

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Scale for Evaluating Attitudes towards Seniors (SEAS) was developed based on the concept of social attitudes towards the elderly by G. Mialkowska. The main objective of the study was validation of Scale. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The validation procedure was carried out on a sample of 304 adults. Content validity was estimated based on the CVR coefficient, the theoretical validity was verified by means of exploratory factor analysis with simple Oblimin rotation and Kaiser normalization, and criterion validity determined based on analysis of the correlation matrix of SEAS from IVE and SES. Reliability of the tool was estimated based on the values of alpha Cronbach and the discriminatory power of test items coefficients. RESULTS: Content validity rates CVR range from 0.83-1.00. Three SEAS factors were distinguished on the basis of factor analysis - Respect and Support, Rejection and Misunderstanding, Social distance. Their alpha Cronbach's coefficient range is 0.93-0.86. Extracted SEAS scales correlate with IVE and SES dimensions. CONCLUSIONS: The validation procedure confirms the high psychometric properties of the constructed research tool and allows its use in both individual diagnosis and scientific research, which in turn will contribute to broadening of knowledge about the psychological mechanisms associated with seniors' perception, and can be used to design responses to preventive actions supporting quality of intergenerational interpersonal interactions.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Fatores Sociológicos , Adulto , Idoso , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(2): 375-378, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232074

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: For many years, Europe has been struggling with the problem of an aging society. It is obvious that everyone would like to live longer while retaining good psycho-physical health and social activity. This, however, is influenced by many factors, such as health, which may be a form of limitation in everyday life or in performing social roles in accordance with the norms. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the use of scales for functional assessment of basic and complex daily living activities in individuals aged 80+ in various EU countries. MATERIALS AND METHOD: Potentially essential articles were obtained through review and analysis of the PUBMED (MEDLINE) database by entering the following keywords: functional activities of daily living, ADL, IADL, complex activities of daily living, basic activities of daily living. Article selection was based on the following inclusion criteria set by the authors and the appointed Advisory Board. RESULTS: Assessment of independence and fitness of elderly persons in the area of basic and complex activities of daily living provides information on the quality of life of senior individuals. Analysis of research data used for comparing functional independence of senior persons on the basis of ADL and IADL scales is difficult due to the discrepancies, which may be confusing for researchers studying this area. CONCLUSIONS: The use of different methodologies for assessing functional fitness of elderly individuals makes it difficult to interpret, compare and practically apply the outcomes. Standardization of research methods used for assessment of basic and complex daily living activities in 80+ persons would enable comparing the obtained data in an interdisciplinary perspective.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida
8.
J Med Food ; 22(5): 469-478, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084539

RESUMO

Aging and lifestyle factors, including high-sugar and high-fat diets, promote a systemic metabolic imbalance that promotes neurodegeneration. Hericium erinaceus has long been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Recently, its functional activities, such as antimetabolic dysfunction, antineuroinflammatory activities, and stimulation of nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis, have been revealed. This study demonstrated that Hericium erinaceus mycelium (HEM) and an isolated diterpenoid derivative, erinacine A (EA), may reverse spatial learning disabilities in aging mice (15 months old) fed with a high-fat and high-sucrose diet (HFSD). Aging mice were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: (1) a chow diet (control), (2) an HFSD, and an HFSD supplemented with either (3) HEM or (4) EA for 18 weeks. The Morris water maze (MWM) and Y-maze were used for behavioral assessments. Both HEM- and EA-treated mice had shorter mean daily escape latencies than HFSD-treated mice in the MWM. In addition, HEM-treated mice had a slightly increased exploratory time and frequency in the novel arm in the Y-maze. Quantitative PCR revealed that both HEM- and EA-treated mice exhibited reduced messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1ß, and HEM-treated mice exhibited increased mRNA expression of NGF and NeuN in the hippocampus. Moreover, HEM and EA also decreased body weight, abdominal fat, plasma glucose, serum and liver total cholesterol, and liver triacylglycerol. Thus, HEM may be a potential health-promoting supplement for minimizing the progression of aging and obesity-induced neurodegeneration by reducing metabolic abnormalities and neuroinflammatory cytokines and increasing neurogenesis factors.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Basidiomycota/química , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Diterpenos/administração & dosagem , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Sacarose/efeitos adversos , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Animais , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Aprendizagem em Labirinto , Doenças Metabólicas/etiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/metabolismo , Doenças Metabólicas/psicologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Micélio/química , Fator de Crescimento Neural/genética , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Aprendizagem Espacial/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Maturitas ; 124: 25-31, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31097174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evidence suggests the menopausal period may be a unique window of vulnerability for the development or exacerbation of eating disorder symptoms among middle-aged women; however, it is unclear who is most at risk during this period. The goal of this study was to evaluate whether appearance-related aging concerns and body comparison, two sociocultural factors, moderated the association between menopausal status and disordered eating behaviors and body image concerns among middle-aged women. METHOD: Participants (N = 310) completed an online survey about their menopausal status, aging concerns, body comparison, disordered eating, and body image concerns. RESULTS: Tests of moderator models revealed that at low levels of aging concerns, peri-menopausal women reported greater dietary restraint than pre-menopausal or post-menopausal women. Additionally, among women with high scores for body comparison, post-menopausal women reported significantly more dietary restraint than either pre- or peri-menopausal women. DISCUSSION: These findings suggest that the effects of menopause on dietary restraint may be stronger for some women than others.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Transtornos da Alimentação e da Ingestão de Alimentos/psicologia , Menopausa/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Atitude , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comportamento Alimentar , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Psychol Aging ; 34(3): 330-340, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070399

RESUMO

The discrete emotion theory of affective aging postulates that anger, but not sadness, becomes increasingly maladaptive during older adulthood in predicting health-relevant physiological processes and chronic disease (Kunzmann & Wrosch, 2018). However, it is largely unknown whether different negative emotions have distinct functional consequences in the development of older adults' physical disease. To start examining this possibility, we investigated whether older adults' daily experiences of anger and sadness were differentially associated with two biomarkers of chronic low-grade inflammation (interleukin-6 [IL-6] and C-reactive protein [CRP]) and the number of chronic illnesses (e.g., heart disease, cancer, etc.). In addition, we examined whether such divergent associations would become paramount in advanced, as compared with early, old age. A community-dwelling study of 226 older adults (age 59 to 93; M = 74.99, SD = 7.70) assessed participants' anger and sadness over 1 week, inflammatory processes, number of chronic illnesses, and relevant covariates. Regression analysis showed that anger predicted higher levels of IL-6 and chronic illness in advanced, but not in early, old age. The age effect of anger on chronic illness was mediated by increased IL-6 levels. Sadness exerted a reversed, but nonsignificant, association with IL-6 and chronic illness, independent of age. No emotion or age effects were obtained for CRP. The study's findings inform theories of health, emotion, and life span development by pointing to the age-related importance of discrete negative emotions in predicting a major physiological pathway to physical health across older adulthood. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Ira/fisiologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Tristeza/psicologia , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/psicologia , Masculino
11.
Psychol Aging ; 34(3): 389-404, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070402

RESUMO

Research on close relationships in later life has received increased attention over the past decade. However, little is known about sexuality and intimacy in old age. Using cross-sectional data from the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II; Mage = 68 years, SD = 3.68; 50% women; N = 1,514), we examine age differences in behavioral (sexual activity), cognitive (sexual thoughts), and emotional (intimacy) facets of sexuality and investigate associations with physical health and psychosocial resources for successful aging. Older age was associated with less sexual activity and fewer sexual thoughts, but not with differences in intimacy. Relative to a reference sample of 22- to 36-year-olds within BASE-II (N = 475), the average older adult reported considerably fewer sexual activity and thoughts (ds > .60), but only slightly lower intimacy (d = .20). Substantial heterogeneity existed among older adults, with almost one third of the 60- to 82-year-olds reporting more sexual activity and thoughts than the average younger adult. Examining correlates of sexuality among older adults revealed that, covarying for diagnosed illnesses and performance-based grip strength, psychosocial factors (e.g., partnered, relationship satisfaction) accounted for considerable shares of variance in sexual activity and intimacy, whereas age and gender explained more of the variance in sexual thoughts. Some psychosocial factors exhibited similar-sized associations with all sexuality facets, whereas other factors operated in more facet-specific ways. To illustrate, participants reporting more loneliness also reported less sexual activity and less intimacy, but not fewer sexual thoughts. We discuss implications of our findings for theories of successful aging. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Emoções/fisiologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Sexualidade/psicologia , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Parceiros Sexuais/psicologia
12.
Psychol Aging ; 34(3): 457-466, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070403

RESUMO

The majority of research focused on activity engagement and cognition in older adulthood uses frequency of engagement as the primary metric. Another option is the variety of activities. Carlson et al. (2012) found evidence that a greater variety of activity was protective against cognitive impairment over and above weighted frequency of engagement, suggesting that there may be something unique about activity diversity. The present study compared variety and frequency of activity estimated across 2 different time frames regarding their association with cognitive performance. Community-dwelling participants 60-91 years of age (M = 70.36; n = 199) reported their participation in 57 activities over the past 2 years and logged their daily activities for 1 week. Frequency and variety of activity over 2 years, and across the week were calculated. Structural equation models showed that the frequency indices had a greater number of significant activity factors, and minimally stronger links with the 3 cognitive factors compared to variety of activity. Frequency had stronger associations with cognition for both the 2-year and daily activity estimates, but greater explained variance was only evident when activity was estimated over the past two years. The overall pattern of results was similar for both variety and frequency of activity, highlighting the strong overlap between the 2 indices. Our results support the conclusion that frequency and variety of engagement have similar associations with cognition, and that the most active individuals also have the most diverse engagement. Therefore, a variety index may be sufficient when collecting activity data. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cognição/fisiologia , Exercício/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Accid Anal Prev ; 128: 175-184, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048117

RESUMO

Although several studies have sought to identify both gap-acceptance difficulties with aging and gait differences, few have examined the extent to which crossing the street is physically and cognitively demanding for older pedestrians, in such a way that street crossing can be seen as a dual task. To gain insight into this issue, this study reports an experiment with 15 young (ages 19-26), 19 younger-old (ages 60-72), and 21 older-old (ages 73-82) adults. The participants carried out three tasks: (i) a simple walking task, (ii) a dual task involving walking while scanning (walking while pressing a button as soon as a visual or sound stimulus appeared), and (iii) a street-crossing task with vehicles approaching from two directions. The results indicated more street-crossing collisions in older-old than in younger-old and young participants. Longer reaction times were observed in the dual walking-scanning task for both old groups, especially for visual stimuli. Walking-speed comparisons yielded nonsignificant differences between the dual task and the street-crossing task in young participants, suggesting a correspondence in terms of demands and task priority. In contrast, old participants walked significantly faster in the street-crossing task than in the dual task, suggesting that they placed priority on walking rapidly than on scanning traffic. Finally, whereas the participants estimated the perceived workload to be greater when they were crossing the street than while simply walking or responding to the dual task, young participants gave the highest rating to the mental and physical demands, perhaps due to a lack of awareness of task demands among old participants.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Pedestres , Caminhada/fisiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Tomada de Decisões , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tempo de Reação , Caminhada/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Work ; 62(4): 585-598, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31104047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of older workers will expand during the next decades. Older workers have more long-term health problems and related limitations. OBJECTIVE: This study examined supportive actions provided in occupational healthcare services to older workers after vocational rehabilitation. An additional purpose was to explore occupational healthcare professionals' views on how to realize and improve adequate support activities. METHODS: Qualitative and quantitative methods were used, including a postal questionnaire and focus group discussions. Sixty-seven occupational healthcare service units participated in the postal questionnaire. Eight occupational healthcare professionals participated in two focus group discussions. The qualitative data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis. RESULTS: The qualitative analysis resulted in one theme (Act with respect), and four categories (Need for cooperation, Collaborative resources of involved stakeholders, Individual needs for support, and Gender as homogenous and separate groups). Quantitative results revealed that the workers' initiative strongly influenced the support carried out. Recommendations from the rehabilitation clinic were almost always considered when deciding on supportive actions. Focus group discussions brought up gender differences especially highlighted in the category Gender as homogenous and separate groups. CONCLUSIONS: Appropriate support of older workers requires cooperation between involved stakeholders, including occupational healthcare services. Provided support should be based on individual needs, but a mutual practice of determining needed support is requested.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Reabilitação Vocacional/normas , Apoio Social , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Feminino , Finlândia , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos , Respeito , Inquéritos e Questionários , Local de Trabalho/normas
15.
Soins Gerontol ; 24(137): 20-22, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084803

RESUMO

The complexity of women's experience of ageing takes new forms in an environment which glorifies youth. Society's beliefs, demands and stereotypes, promoted by the media and advertising, serves to reinforce ageism. Before adapting to their internal reality they firstly need to adapt to their external reality. Adapting and accepting oneself means taking care of oneself, taking control of one's life and liking oneself, in order to embrace the inevitable changes and preserve a good self-image.


Assuntos
Ageismo , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Violência , Feminino , Humanos
16.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 22(1): e001105, abr. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1015268

RESUMO

Introducción.Desde un punto de vista integral, la sexualidad comprende aspectos de orden biopsicosocial. Los prejuiciosy el desconocimiento llevan a evitar hablar sobre este tema en la consulta con el adulto mayor (AM).Objetivo.Profundizar en la vivencia de la sexualidad del AM.Metodología.Estudio cualitativo, fenomenológico, realizado en dos centros de actividades recreativas para AM en SanMiguel de Tucumán, que incluyó 13 entrevistas semiestructuradas en profundidad a pacientes mayores de 60 años, 11 desexo femenino, seleccionados en forma intencional y por conveniencia en Agosto de 2018.Resultados.Existe una dicotomía entre quienes hablan del tema y quienes no; sin embargo, todos expresan el deseode naturalizarlo tanto en su círculo social como en la consulta médica. Los AM aceptan el proceso de envejecimiento,tienen una autopercepción positiva de su imagen y pese a los prejuicios, experiencias, comorbilidades y adversidades, seadaptan buscando formas para sentirse bien y disfrutar de una sexualidad plena.Conclusión.El envejecimiento y la sexualidad son conceptos dinámicos que confluyen con las experiencias de vida.Creemos que como médicos de familia es importante brindar una atención integral, abordando las diferentes dimensionesdel ser humano, incluyendo su sexualidad. (AU)


Introduction.Sexuality from an integral point of view includes aspects of biopsychosocial order. Prejudice and ignorancelead to avoid talking about this topic in the medical consultation with the Eldery.Objective.To deepen the experience of the sexuality of the Eldery.Methodology.Qualitative, phenomenological study, conducted in two centres of recreational activities for Senior Citizensin San Miguel de Tucumán, which included 13 in-depth semi-structured interviews to patients over 60 years of age, 11female, selected intentionally and for convenience in August 2018.Results.There is a dichotomy between those who talk about the subject and those who do not; however, all of themexpress the desire to naturalize it in both, their social circle and the medical consultation. The eldery patients acceptthe ageing process, have a positive self-perception of their image and despite prejudices, experiences, comorbidities andadversities, they adapt looking for ways to feel good and enjoy a full sexuality.Conclusion.Aging and sexuality are dynamic concepts that converge with life experiences. We believe that, as familydoctors, it is important to provide comprehensive care, addressing the different dimensions of the human being, wheresexuality is included. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Saúde do Idoso , Assistência Integral à Saúde/tendências , Sexualidade/psicologia , Autoimagem , Envelhecimento/metabolismo , Sexualidade/fisiologia , Características Culturais , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/tendências
17.
Nat Neurosci ; 22(5): 820-827, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962628

RESUMO

Understanding normal brain aging and developing methods to maintain or improve cognition in older adults are major goals of fundamental and translational neuroscience. Here we show a core feature of cognitive decline-working-memory deficits-emerges from disconnected local and long-range circuits instantiated by theta-gamma phase-amplitude coupling in temporal cortex and theta phase synchronization across frontotemporal cortex. We developed a noninvasive stimulation procedure for modulating long-range theta interactions in adults aged 60-76 years. After 25 min of stimulation, frequency-tuned to individual brain network dynamics, we observed a preferential increase in neural synchronization patterns and the return of sender-receiver relationships of information flow within and between frontotemporal regions. The end result was rapid improvement in working-memory performance that outlasted a 50 min post-stimulation period. The results provide insight into the physiological foundations of age-related cognitive impairment and contribute to groundwork for future non-pharmacological interventions targeting aspects of cognitive decline.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Envelhecimento Cognitivo , Sincronização Cortical , Lobo Frontal/fisiologia , Ritmo Gama , Memória de Curto Prazo/fisiologia , Lobo Temporal/fisiologia , Ritmo Teta , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Vias Neurais/fisiologia , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua
18.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(4): e8041, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30994731

RESUMO

Although normal aging has been related to several cognitive difficulties, other processes have been studied less, such as spatial memory. Our aim was to compare egocentric and allocentric memory in an elderly population using ecological tasks. Twenty-eight cognitively unimpaired participants performed Egocentric and Allocentric Spatial Memory Tasks, as well as Spatial Span from CANTAB, Benton's Judge of Line Orientation test (JoLO), and Montreal Cognitive Assessment test (MoCA). The results revealed that younger participants showed better performance than older participants on both the Egocentric and Allocentric Spatial Memory Tasks, although only the Egocentric test was able to discriminate between younger, middle, and older elderly participants. Learning effect was found in Allocentric Spatial Memory Task in younger and older groups, but not in the middle group. Allocentric and egocentric performance was not related to other visuospatial neuropsychological scores and gender did not influence performance in any task. Egocentric and Allocentric Spatial Memory Tasks may be useful tools in early screening for cognitive decline, as they are able to detect age differences in the cognitive unimpaired elderly population.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Saudável/fisiologia , Envelhecimento Saudável/psicologia , Percepção Espacial/fisiologia , Memória Espacial/fisiologia , Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Análise de Variância , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Fatores Sexuais , Navegação Espacial/fisiologia
20.
Workplace Health Saf ; 67(6): 302-310, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999809

RESUMO

The labor force participation rate for adults aged 55 years and older has increased nearly 10% over the past two and a half decades. As workers age, they frequently experience increased chronic health conditions and impaired sleep, which may negatively influence their self-rated health (SRH) and work performance. This study aimed to examine the associations between nonrestorative sleep (NRS) and work performance (i.e., difficulty concentrating or having lower productivity at work) and associations between demographic and sleep characteristics with SRH in middle-aged workers. We conducted a secondary data analysis among working middle-aged adults 50 to 65 years of age ( N = 392) from the 2008 Sleep in America Poll. Respondents frequently reported impaired sleep such as frequent insomnia symptoms, NRS, and short sleep duration. Nonrestorative sleep was associated with decreased work performance such as trouble organizing work, doing work over due to mistakes, and lower productivity. Nonrestorative sleep and short sleep duration were significantly associated with lower SRH. Strategies for the early detection of impaired sleep and implementation of interventions to improve sleep may improve SRH and work performance in working middle-aged adults.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Emprego/normas , Nível de Saúde , Autorrelato/normas , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Emprego/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
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