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1.
An. psicol ; 40(1): 110-118, Ene-Abri, 2024. ilus, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-229033

RESUMO

Objetivo: La soledad se asocia a la discapacidad funcional en la población mayor, aunque se sabe poco sobre el papel de la afectividad en esta relación. Nos proponemos explorar el efecto mediador de la afectividad en la relación entre funcionalidad y soledad, controlando el efecto de las variables relevantes. Métodos: Se administró la Escala de Soledad de la Universidad de California-16, la Escala de Funcionalidad Geriátrica, las Escalas de Afecto Positivo y Negativo-14 y la Escala de Depresión Geriátrica-8 a 489 adultos mayores (65–100 años), 428 de residencias geriátricas y 61 de la comunidad. Resultados: Los residentes en una institución, mujeres, viudos, con baja educación, más discapacidad funcional, más afecto negativo, menos afecto positivo y más síntomas depresivos reportaron más soledad. Controlando el efecto de los síntomas depresivos, género, situación residencial, estado civil y educación, solo el afecto positivo medió, parcialmente, la relación entre funcionalidad y soledad. Conclusión: Se sugieren intervenciones para aumentar la concienciación por parte de los adultos mayores en los perfiles personalizados de afecto positivo, aliviando así los sentimientos de soledad en los que sufren limitaciones funcionales (especialmente mujeres, con síntomas depresivos, viudos, residiendo en una institución y con bajo nivel educativo).(AU)


Objective: Research has shown that loneliness is associated with functional disability in the older population. However, little is known about the role of affectivity in this relationship. The present study explored a mediation model in which affectivity was hypothesized to mediate the re-lationship between functionality and loneliness, controlling for the effect of relevant variables.Methods:The University of California Loneliness Scale-16 items, Geriatric Functionality Scale, Positive and Negative AffectSchedule-14, and Geriatric Depression Scale-8 were administered to 489 old adults (65–100 years old), 428 from social care homes (SCH), and 61 from the community.Results:Those from SCH, women, widowed, withlow education, more functional disability, more negative affect, less posi-tive affect, and more depressive symptoms reported more loneliness. Con-trolling for the effect of depressive symptoms, gender, residential status, marital status, and education, only positive affect mediated, partially, the relationship between functionality and loneliness.Conclusion:We suggest implementing interventions that increase older adults' insights in personal-ized patterns of positive affect and, consequently, ease feelings of loneli-ness in older people suffering from functional limitations (especially wom-en, with depressive symptoms, widowed, residing in an institution, and with low educational level).(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Casas de Saúde , Solidão/psicologia , Saúde do Idoso , Afeto , Envelhecimento/psicologia
2.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1325049, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38347926

RESUMO

Background: It has become an alarming issue that older adults in China are facing mental health issues, causing severe depression. In this context, intergenerational care, in which grandparents care for young children instead of the young parents, is gaining importance. This study aims to explore the correlation between intergenerational care and depression among older adults, seeking alternative approaches to enhancing their quality of life. This study concludes that intergenerational care is an effective strategy for promoting active aging. Methods: This study used multiple linear regression, propensity score matching, and additional analysis of heterogeneity, mediation, and moderation effects, with data from the 2018 CHARLS survey. Results: The results indicated a negative correlation between intergenerational care and depression among older adults. The correlation was stronger for females and younger older adults people. Additionally, social activities served as a mediator between intergenerational care and depression among older adults, and health satisfaction positively moderated this relationship. Conclusion: This study posits that intergenerational care serves as an effective approach for promoting active aging. It emphasizes the necessity for supportive government policies and community-family collaborations to encourage intergenerational care and its beneficial impact on mental health among older adults.


Assuntos
Relação entre Gerações , Qualidade de Vida , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Idoso , Pré-Escolar , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Depressão , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Saúde Mental
3.
Nat Commun ; 15(1): 1499, 2024 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38374197

RESUMO

Leisure engagement has potential to slow health and functional decline in older age. However, the benefits of different leisure domains for different aspects of aging remains unclear. In 8771 older adults from the Health and Retirement Study (a longitudinal panel study), we measured engagement in physical, creative, cognitive, and community activities. Outcome-wide analyses used 23 aging experiences across seven domains eight years later (daily functioning, physical fitness, long-term physical health problems, heart health, weight, sleep, subjective perceptions of health). Physical activity was related to more positive experiences in all domains but heart health eight years later. Creative engagement was positively related to aging experiences in four domains longitudinally. Cognitive and community engagement were less consistently related to aging experiences. Physical and creative activities may influence important aging metrics, reducing age-related decline and keeping older adults functionally independent for longer, potentially limiting increasing healthcare costs.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Exercício Físico , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Aptidão Física , Atividades de Lazer/psicologia
4.
BMC Geriatr ; 24(1): 179, 2024 Feb 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38388406

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The process of aging involves numerous changes in the body, influencing physical, mental, and emotional well-being. Age-related changes and degradation can impact various functions of the swallowing process and lead to delayed word retrieval. Individuals with limited linguistic stimulation may experience a more rapid decline in cognitive performance. Thus, this project explores a preventive training program targeting swallowing and linguistic-communicative skills, aimed at preserving the social participation of older individuals residing in nursing homes. METHODS: A preventive intervention program, combining orofaciopharyngeal and linguistic-communicative components, will be offered twice weekly over 12 weeks in long-term care facilities in the greater Hanover area. The program will aim at: (a) activating sensitive and motor skills in the orofaciopharyngeal area to counter age-related swallowing disorders, and (b) enhancing communicative abilities through semantic-lexical activation. A cluster randomized controlled trial will be conducted to investigate whether the intervention program improves swallowing skills in older adults. Additionally, a secondary analysis will explore the impact on language skills and social participation, as well as program acceptance. DISCUSSION: The results will provide valuable insight into the effectiveness of preventive measures addressing swallowing and speech issues in older individuals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered with DRKS (German register for clinical trials) in June 2023 (study ID: DRKS00031594) and the WHO International Clinical Trail Registry Platform (secondary register).


Assuntos
Assistência de Longa Duração , Casas de Saúde , Humanos , Idoso , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Idioma , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1295433, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38371232

RESUMO

Background: One of the biggest challenges facing older adults is cognitive decline and social participation has always been considered a protective factor. However, it is not clear whether social participation predicts cognitive function in this population, rather than depressive symptoms, self-reported health, and activities of daily life, with sufficient capacity to detect unique effects. Methods: This study included adults aged 45 and above in China (N = 5,258) who participated in a large national older adult health survey and provided data from 2011, 2013, 2015, and 2018. The unique associations between the predictors of social participation and cognitive function over time and context were evaluated in the Latent Growth Model (LGM). Results: Among the 5,258 participants in our study, an overall cognitive decline was observed. Social participation predicts two dimensions of cognitive function, with a degree of impact comparable to depressive symptoms, self-reported health, and activities of daily life. Among them, social participation exhibits a noteworthy prognostic impact on episodic memory during the same period. The regression coefficient is approximately 0.1 (p < 0.05) after controlling other mixed variables (depressive symptoms, self-reported health, and activities of daily life). In contrast, social participation is also a significant predictor of mental intactness in the same period, with a regression coefficient of 0.06 (p < 0.05), even if all mixed variables are controlled. Conclusion: Over time, the correlation strength of social participation is comparable to other recognized cognitive function prediction indicators, indicating that promoting social participation among middle-aged and older Chinese adults is a meaningful way to improve cognitive function degradation, which has important policy and practical significance.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Participação Social , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Humanos , Idoso , Participação Social/psicologia , Estudos Longitudinais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia
6.
Front Public Health ; 12: 1324004, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38389949

RESUMO

In the dynamic web of our digital age, virtual reality (VR) is crystallizing as a promising medium for promoting physical activity in older adults, overcoming age-old barriers. This perspective article explores the intricate synergy between VR and physical activity in older adults and highlights the many challenges of aging within a virtual environment. While VR heralds the potential for multisensory interaction and cognitive enhancement, a thorough assessment of its impact is paramount. The reach of VR goes beyond immediate applications and permeates the emotional and psychological realms of the human journey. Such an exploration requires a comprehensive perspective that goes beyond a purely technical assessment. The aim of this article is not to present clear-cut solutions, but to encourage reflection on the diverse impact of VR on our aging population. We argue for a future in which technology complements, rather than eclipses, the depth of human experience.


Assuntos
Realidade Virtual , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Emoções , Exercício Físico , Tecnologia
7.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 82(3): 1-10, 2024 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38395051

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With aging, some cognitive abilities change because of neurobiological processes. Cognition may also be influenced by psychosocial aspects. OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between a measure of neuroticism, depression symptoms, purpose in life, and cognitive performance in community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis based on the data from the second wave of the Frailty in Brazilian Older Adults (FIBRA) study, carried out between 2016 and 2017. The sample consisted of 419 older people (≥ 72 years old) cognitively unimpaired and mostly with low education. The variables of interest were sociodemographic, Neuroticism domain from the NEO-PI-R, Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Purpose in Life (PiL) scale, and a cognitive composite score which included the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the scores for the sub-items of the Mini-Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination (M-ACE), namely, Verbal Fluency (VF) - Animal, Clock Drawing Test (CDT), Episodic Memory (name and address). RESULTS: There was a greater number of women (70%), with older age (median = 80 years, IQR = 77-82), and low education (median = 4 years, IQR = 2-5). In the bivariate correlations, years of education (ρ = 0.415; p < 0.001) and PiL (ρ = 0.220; p < 0.001) were positively associated with cognition. Neuroticism (ρ = -0.175; p < 0.001) and depression symptoms (ρ = -0.185; p < 0.001) were negatively associated with cognition. In the logistic regression, after including confounding variables, the associations between cognition and PiL (OR = 2.04; p = 0.007) and education (OR = 1.32; p < 0.001) remained significant. CONCLUSION: Low PiL and low education levels were associated with worse cognition among older adults. Such results may be of relevance in programs that aim to improve cognition among older adults.


ANTECEDENTES: Com o envelhecimento, algumas habilidades cognitivas mudam devido a processos neurobiológicos. A cognição também pode ser influenciada por aspectos psicossociais. OBJETIVO: Descrever as relações entre uma medida de neuroticismo, sintomas depressivos, propósito de vida e o desempenho cognitivo em pessoas idosas residentes na comunidade. MéTODOS: Trata-se de uma análise transversal com base nos dados da segunda onda do estudo de Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros (FIBRA), realizado entre 2016 e 2017. A amostra foi composta por 419 pessoas idosas (≥ 72 anos) cognitivamente saudáveis e em maior parte com baixa escolaridade. As variáveis de interesse foram as sociodemográficas, domínio Neuroticismo do NEO-PI-R, Escala de Depressão Geriátrica (EDG) e Escala de Propósito de Vida (PV) e um escore cognitivo composto que incluiu o Miniexame de Estado Mental (MEEM) e as pontuações dos subitens do Miniexame Cognitivo de Addenbrooke (M-ACE), a saber, Fluência Verbal (FV) Animal, Teste do Desenho do Relógio (TDR) e Memória Episódica (nome e endereço). RESULTADOS: Houve um maior número de mulheres (70%), com idade elevada (mediana = 80 anos, IIQ = 77-82) e baixa escolaridade (mediana = 4 anos, IIQ = 2-5). Nas correlações bivariadas, anos de escolaridade (ρ = 0,415; p < 0,001) e PV (ρ = 0,220; p < 0,001) foram positivamente associadas à cognição. Neuroticismo (ρ = -0,175; p < 0,001) e sintomas depressivos (ρ = -0,185; p < 0,001) foram negativamente associados à cognição. Na regressão logística, após a inclusão de variáveis de confusão, as associações entre cognição e PV (OR = 2,04; p = 0,007) e escolaridade (OR = 1,32; p < 0,001) permaneceram significativas. CONCLUSãO: Baixo PV e baixa escolaridade foram associados à pior cognição em idosos. Tais resultados podem ser relevantes em programas que visam a melhorar a cognição entre pessoas idosas.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Cognição , Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Transtornos Cognitivos/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia
8.
BMC Public Health ; 24(1): 302, 2024 01 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38273305

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is of great practical significance to study the intrinsic relationship between cultural capital, digital divide, cognitive ability, and health of older adults in the dual social context of population aging and the digital era. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2020 China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) initiated by the China Center for Social Science Surveys at Peking University. Physical health, mental health, and memory health were set as indicators of older adults, and the relationship between cultural capital, digital divide, cognitive ability, and health of older adults was examined by hierarchical regression with moderated mediated effect methods. RESULTS: Improvement in the health of older adults is associated with an increase in the level of cultural capital; cultural capital may bridge the digital divide faced by older adults, which in turn promotes the improvement of the health of older adults; the higher the level of cognitive ability, the stronger the effect of cultural capital on the digital divide, and at the same time, the stronger the mediating effect of the digital divide; cultural capital has a more pronounced effect on the health of older male adults living in the city. CONCLUSIONS: The results of the study show that cultural capital can have a positive impact on the health of older adults, but there is urban-rural heterogeneity and gender heterogeneity, in which the digital divide plays a mediating role, and the enhancement of the cognitive ability of older adults will be conducive to the improvement of their health, so the health of older adults should be promoted by improving the level of their cultural capital and the ability of older adults to use digital technology, thus provide references for the protection of health of older adults.


Assuntos
Exclusão Digital , Capital Social , Humanos , Masculino , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Saúde Mental , Cidades , China/epidemiologia
9.
BMJ Open ; 14(1): e075672, 2024 01 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38296305

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Northern Ireland Cohort for the Longitudinal Study of Ageing (NICOLA) study is the largest study of ageing in Northern Ireland (NI). The Harmonised Cognitive Assessment Protocol (HCAP) is a substudy of NICOLA designed to assess cognitive impairment and dementia in individuals aged 65 and over. The NICOLA-HCAP substudy is funded by the National Institute on Aging as part of a network for enhancing cross-national research within a worldwide group of population-based, longitudinal studies of ageing, all of which are centred around the US-based Health and Retirement Study. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The NICOLA-HCAP study will draw on the main NICOLA cohort (of 8283 participants) and randomly sample 1000 participants aged 65 and over to take part in the substudy. Participants will complete a series of cognitive tests (n=19) via a computer-assisted personal interview administered in their home (or alternatively within the research centre) and will be asked to nominate a family member or friend to complete an additional interview of validated instruments to provide information on respondent's prior and current cognitive and physical functioning and whether the individual requires help with daily activities. The objectives of the study are: to investigate the prevalence of dementia and cognitive impairment in NICOLA; harmonise scoring of the NICOLA-HCAP data to the HCAP studies conducted in Ireland, the USA and England; to explore the validity of dementia estimates; and investigate the risk factors for dementia and cognitive impairment. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The study received ethical approval from the Faculty of Medicine, Health and Life Sciences Research Ethics Committee, Queen's University Belfast. We will provide data from the Northern Irish HCAP to the research community via data repositories such as the Dementias Platform UK and Gateway to Global Aging to complement existing public data resources and support epidemiological research by others. Findings will also be disseminated through peer-reviewed publications and at international conferences.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Prevalência , Estudos Transversais , Irlanda do Norte/epidemiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/psicologia , Cognição
10.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 39(2): e6061, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38281509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The accumulation of age-associated cognitive deficits can lead to Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and dementia. This is a major public health issue for the modern ageing population, as it impairs health, independence and overall quality of life. Keeping the brain active during life has been associated with an increased cognitive reserve, therefore reducing the risk of cognitive impairment in older age. Previous research has identified a potential relationship between musicality and cognition. OBJECTIVES: Explore the relationship between musicality and cognitive function in a large cohort of older adults. METHODS: This was a nested study within the PROTECT-UK cohort, which collects longitudinal computerised assessments of cognitive function in adults over 40. Participants were invited to complete the validated Edinburgh Lifetime Musical Experience Questionnaire (ELMEQ) to assess their musical experience and lifetime exposure to music. Linear regression analysis was performed using cognitive data from PROTECT-UK. RESULTS: Analysis identified an association between musicality and cognition in this cohort. Playing a musical instrument was associated with significantly better performance in working memory and executive function. Significant associations were also found between singing and executive function, and between overall musical ability and working memory. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings confirm previous literature, highlighting the potential value of education and engagement in musical activities throughout life as a means of harnessing cognitive reserve as part of a protective lifestyle for brain health.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Qualidade de Vida , Humanos , Idoso , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cognição , Reino Unido
11.
Exp Gerontol ; 186: 112354, 2024 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176601

RESUMO

Brain aging and common conditions of aging (e.g., hypertension) affect networks important in organizing information, processing speed and action programming (i.e., executive functions). Declines in these networks may affect timing and could have an impact on the ability to perceive and perform musical rhythms. There is evidence that participation in rhythmic musical activities may help to maintain and even improve executive functioning (near transfer), perhaps due to similarities in brain regions underlying timing, musical rhythm perception and production, and executive functioning. Rhythmic musical activities may present as a novel and fun activity for older adults to stimulate interacting brain regions that deteriorate with aging. However, relatively little is known about neurobehavioral interactions between aging, timing, rhythm perception and production, and executive functioning. In this review, we account for these brain-behavior interactions to suggest that deeper knowledge of overlapping brain regions associated with timing, rhythm, and cognition may assist in designing more targeted preventive and rehabilitative interventions to reduce age-related cognitive decline and improve quality of life in populations with neurodegenerative disease. Further research is needed to elucidate the functional relationships between brain regions associated with aging, timing, rhythm perception and production, and executive functioning to direct design of targeted interventions.


Assuntos
Música , Doenças Neurodegenerativas , Humanos , Idoso , Função Executiva , Qualidade de Vida , Encéfalo , Envelhecimento/psicologia
12.
Psychosom Med ; 86(2): 107-115, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38193775

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to a) evaluate associations between social isolation and change in cognition over a 3-year period, and b) evaluate whether physical activity mediates the association between social isolation and cognition change. METHODS: Using baseline and follow-up 1 data from the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging, latent change score models, incorporating direct and indirect pathways, were constructed to estimate the indirect effect of social isolation on cognitive change through physical activity. Multigroup models were constructed based on age group (45-65 versus 65+ years) and sex to allow for varying estimates across age and sex. The final analytic sample included 51,338 participants. RESULTS: Indirect effects of social isolation on cognition through physical activity were evident in men and women 65+ years old for memory change ( = -0.005 [99.9% confidence interval = -0.007 to -0.002], p < .001 in both groups) and in male adults 65+ years old for executive function change ( = -0.01 [99.9% confidence interval = -0.02 to -0.006], p < .001). Statistically significant indirect effects were not observed for adults between 45 and 65 years old. CONCLUSIONS: Social isolation is associated with diminished physical activity, and in turn, diminished physical activity is associated with decline in memory in older women and men, with larger declines in executive function in older men. Public health initiatives to promote physical activity-perhaps incorporating social interaction-among older adults experiencing social isolation could be one way to mitigate the negative impact of social isolation on cognitive health.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Isolamento Social , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Canadá/epidemiologia , Cognição , Exercício Físico , Estudos Longitudinais , Isolamento Social/psicologia
13.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 119: 105307, 2024 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38176120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Self-perception of aging (SPA) and social functioning are two important variables in the process of healthy aging, but the relationship between them is still unclear. This study aimed to explore the association between SPA and social functioning in older adults. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal study utilizing data from the Health and Retirement Study. The sample comprised individuals aged 50 and above. Socio-demographic, psychosocial, and lifestyle information of study participants was systematically collected at baseline (2012 and 2014) and during follow-up four years later (2016 and 2018). SPA was measured using a scale assessing individuals' attitudes toward their aging process. Social functioning was evaluated through 22 questions, reflecting individuals' abilities to engage in and perform various roles and tasks in their daily lives. Multilevel modeling was employed to analyze the relationship between SPA and social functioning. Differences in social functioning changes among various SPA groups were assessed through the Generalized Estimating Equations methodology. RESULTS: The study included 8,454 participants with an average age of 68.3 years (SD = 9.92). The multilevel model revealed a significant correlation between SPA and social functioning (ß = 0.131; P < 0.001). This relationship persisted after adjusting the model (ß = 0.088; P < 0.001). Generalized Estimating Equations indicated noteworthy differences in social functioning changes among distinct SPA groups (P = 0.034). DISCUSSION: Positive SPA is associated with the healthy social functioning of older adults. Healthcare providers could target modifiable aspects of SPA to enhance the social function of older adults and promote successful aging.


Assuntos
Aposentadoria , Interação Social , Humanos , Idoso , Estudos Longitudinais , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Autoimagem
14.
Curr Opin Psychiatry ; 37(2): 123-129, 2024 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38226551

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes recent evidence related to the cognitive trajectories of aging, the factors associated with the different trajectories, and the effect of sex on cognitive decline. RECENT FINDINGS: Trajectories of cognitive aging identified in different studies vary in number, in the proportion of individuals falling into each of the classes and in the predictors of class membership. Trajectories observed include types with 'rapid decline', those with 'gradual decline' and those with 'maintenance of high level' of cognitive performance. Predictors of decline and predictors of maintenance of cognitive performance may be different. While factors such as education were in general associated with high performance, and reversely with low performance, other factors, such as depression were predictors only for some groups, particularly the declining ones. Sex differences in cognitive trajectories and the associated predictive factors have also been identified. SUMMARY: The findings on education may be particularly important in populations with low educational level, especially among women and the findings on depression have special interest in preventing cognitive decline in women. Further work is required to explain intriguing inconsistencies observed in the literature.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento Cognitivo , Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Escolaridade , Estudos Longitudinais , Cognição
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38276807

RESUMO

With Europe's ageing population and rising demand for palliative care, it is crucial to examine the use of palliative care among older adults during their last years of life and understand the factors influencing their access and end-of-life circumstances. This study employed a cohort of SHARE participants aged 65 years or older who had passed away between Wave 6 (2015) and Wave 7 (2017). Information on death circumstances, palliative care utilization, and associated variables were analysed. The study revealed that nearly 13.0% of individuals across these countries died under palliative care, with Slovenia having the lowest rate (0.3%) and France the highest (30.4%). Palliative care utilization in the last 30 days before death was observed in over 24.0% of participants, with the Czech Republic having the lowest rate (5.0%) and Greece the highest (48.8%). A higher risk of using or dying in palliative care was significantly associated with cognitive impairment (low verbal fluency), physical inactivity, and good to excellent self-perceived health. This work highlights the urgent need for enhanced global access to palliative care and advocates for the cross-country comparison of effective practices within Europe, tailored to the unique healthcare needs of older adults.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Cuidados Paliativos , Humanos , Idoso , Cuidados Paliativos/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Instalações de Saúde
16.
Psicol. Estud. (Online) ; 29: e54885, 2024. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos | ID: biblio-1529190

RESUMO

RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a intervenção psicológica positiva para promoção de saúde de aposentados, a partir da avaliação dos participantes, no que se refere à satisfação com o programa e com o moderador, clareza/compreensão/aplicação dos conteúdos e manutenção da aplicação ao longo de tempo, com delineamento longitudinal misto e avaliação pré (T1), pós-teste (T2) e seguimento (T3 - 03 meses). Participaram 65 aposentados que responderam ao questionário misto de avaliação do programa. Análises quantitativas indicaram maiores médias para satisfação com o programa e com o moderador; e menor média para tempo de duração do programa. 77,7% participantes em T2 e 87,2% em T3 utilizaram nas suas vidas os conteúdos trabalhados no programa. Foi observada manutenção da aplicação dos conteúdos de empatia, autocuidado, otimismo, gratidão, perdão e autoperdão. Resultados positivos demonstram que este modelo de intervenção para promoção de saúde - com base na psicologia positiva e TCC - apresenta potencial para ser aplicado em contextos de saúde pública e promoção de envelhecimento ativo.


RESUMEN Este estúdio evaluó una intervención psicológica positiva para La promoción de la salud de jubilados, basado em laevaluación de los participantes, encuanto a satisfacción com el programa y com el moderador, claridad/comprensión/aplicación de los contenidos y mantenimiento de La aplicaciónen el tiempo, condiseño longitudinal mixto y evaluación pre (T1), posterior a laprueba (T2) y seguimiento (T3 - tres meses). Participaron 65 jubilados que respondieron los cuestionarios de evaluación del programa. Los análisis cuantitativos indican promedios más altos para satisfacción conel moderador y programa; y más bajo para laduración del programa. 77.7% de los participantes en T2 y 87.2% en T3 usaron en sus vidas los contenidos trabajados em el programa. Se observo mantenimiento de la aplicación de lãs variables empatía, autocuidado, optimismo, gratitud, perdón y autoperdón. Los resultados positivos demuestran que este modelo de intervención presenta potencial de ser aplicado en contextos de salud pública y promoción Del envejecimiento activo.


ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate a Positive Psychology programme for health promotion of retirees, based on evaluation of participants with regard to levels of satisfaction with the programme/group and with the moderator, comprehension and application of contents and maintenance/long-term application of contents. A mixed longitudinal design, with pre-test (T1), post-test (T2), and follow-up (T3 - three months) evaluations was used. 65 retirees answered a programme evaluation questionnaire. Quantitative results indicated higher mean rates for satisfaction with the moderator and programme; and lower rates for the programme length/duration. Qualitative analysis indicated that 77.7% of the sample at T2, and 87.2% at T3 reported having used contents of the programme in their lives. Maintenance of application of contents was observed for empathy, self-care, optimism, gratitude, forgiveness and self-forgiveness. Positive outcomes demonstrate this pattern of intervention for health promotion - based on Positive Psychology and CBT - presents the potential to be applied within public health contexts for the promotion of active aging.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervenção Psicossocial , Aposentado , Promoção da Saúde , Autocuidado/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Emoções , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Psicologia Positiva
17.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 117: 105164, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37708578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate how subjective aging influences the psychological and behavioral responses of older individuals, specifically focusing on the associations between subjective aging and longitudinal changes in biological age. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study retrieving data from the Taiwan Longitudinal Study on Aging (TLSA), over a 4-year follow-up period. Subjective aging is assessed by asking participants if they perceive themselves as old, while frailty is measured using a frailty index comprising 34 deficits from various domains. Participants are categorized into three groups based on their chronological age. The association between subjective aging and transition of biological age (as indicated by an increased frailty index) from 2011 to 2015 is examined using logistic regression models. RESULTS: The study consisted of 2412 participants, who were categorized into middle-age (n = 1,082), young-old (n = 779), and old-old (n = 551) groups. Among them, individuals exhibiting subjective aging at baseline were more likely to be older in chronological age, female, illiterate, and unemployed, compared to those without subjective aging. The adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for the association between subjective aging and an increased biological age were 1.72 [95% CI: 0.88-3.34], 1.61 [0.77-3.37], and 1.08 [0.65-1.80], in the middle-age, young-old, and old-old groups, respectively. DISCUSSIONS: No significant associations were found between changes in biological age and subjective aging across various chronological age groups. Notably, within the younger age group, a discernible trend towards an association was observed, indicating the potential age-related nuances in the complex interrelation between subjective age, biological aging, and chronological aging.


Assuntos
Fragilidade , Humanos , Feminino , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Envelhecimento/psicologia
18.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 117: 105197, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37741134

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Maintaining physical and cognitive function among older adults is important. These functional states are affected by mitochondria through various mechanisms, such as cellular energy production and oxidative stress control. Owing to its involvement in the relations among the brain, cognition, and physical function, mitochondrial function may be affected by mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroups. This study explored the effect of mtDNA haplogroups and brain microstructure on physical and cognitive functions among community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: This study was a community-based cross-sectional research. A total of 128 subjects aged 65 years and older without dementia completed several assessments, including mtDNA sequencing, physical and cognitive function tests, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. Cognitive function and impairment were assessed by the MMSE and AD8 questionnaires. mtDNA haplogroups were classified by HaploGrep 2 software, and white matter microstructural integrity was scanned by 3T MRI. RESULTS: The mean age of the subjects was 77.3 years. After the adjustment for covariates, the mtDNA haplogroup D carriers showed significantly lower mini-mental state examination (MMSE) scores than other carriers (p = 0.047). Further considering the brain microstructure, the mtDNA haplogroup D (p = 0.002) and white matter volumes in the left precuneus corrected for total intracranial volumes (p = 0.014) were found to be independently influencing factors of the MMSE scores. CONCLUSIONS: The mtDNA haplogroup D and white matter microstructure regulated the cognitive function among community-dwelling older adults. The findings provide new insights into the research gap. Scientists must further venture into this field.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , DNA Mitocondrial , Humanos , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , DNA Mitocondrial/genética , Vida Independente , Estudos Transversais , Cognição , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Mitocôndrias/genética
19.
Arch Gerontol Geriatr ; 117: 105206, 2024 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-37742393

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Increased interindividual variability in cognitive performance during aging has been proposed as an indicator of cognitive reserve. OBJECTIVE: To determine if interindividual variability performance in episodic memory (PAL), working memory (SWM), reaction time (RTI), and sustained attention (RVP) could differentiate clusters of differential cognitive performance in healthy young and older adults and search for cognitive tests that most contribute to these differential performances. METHODS: We employed hierarchical cluster and canonical discriminant function analyses of cognitive scores using the Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) to identify cognitive variability in older and young adults using the coefficient of variability of cognitive performances between and within groups. We also analyzed potential influences of age, education, and physical activity. RESULTS: Cluster analysis distinguished groups with differential cognitive performance and correlation analysis revealed coefficient of variability and cognitive performance associations. The greater the coefficient of variability the poorer was cognitive performance in RTI but not in PAL and SWM. Older adults showed diverse trajectories of cognitive decline, and better education or higher percentage of physically active individuals exhibited better cognitive performance in both older and young adults. CONCLUSION: PAL and SWM are the most sensitive tests to investigate the wide age range encompassing older and young adults. In older adults' intragroup analysis PAL showed greater discriminatory capacity, indicating its potential for clinical applications late in life. Our data underscore the importance of studying variability as a tool for early detection of subtle cognitive declines and for interpreting results that deviate from normality.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Humanos , Idoso , Adolescente , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Memória de Curto Prazo , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Cognição , Função Executiva
20.
Soc Sci Med ; 340: 116494, 2024 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38101170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: One critical component of individual and public health is healthcare utilization, or the extent to which individuals have routine check-ups, schedule treatments, or use emergency services. However, we know little about who uses healthcare services and what types, the conditions that exacerbate utilization, or the factors that explain why people seek out services. The present study fills these gaps in the literature by investigating the role of personality factors in predicting various forms of healthcare utilization, how these associations vary by age, socioeconomic resources, and chronic conditions, as well as one potential psychological mediating mechanism (i.e., sense of control). METHODS: We use data from a large longitudinal sample of Americans (N = 7108), with three assessments spanning 20 years. Participants reported on their Big Five personality traits using the Midlife Development Inventory, healthcare utilization across three domains (routine visits, scheduled treatment, urgent care), age, income, insurance, chronic conditions, and sense of control. RESULTS: Multilevel models showed that people who were more agreeable and neurotic tended to use more healthcare services. Moreover, on occasions when people were more extraverted and open, they tended to use more healthcare services. There were several nuances in personality-healthcare utilization associations depending on the type of healthcare service, age, and socioeconomic resources. Longitudinal mediation analyses demonstrated sense of control as one mechanism linking personality traits to healthcare utilization in the U.S. CONCLUSIONS: We discuss the theoretical and practical implications of interactions between individuals and structural systems for promoting the health of aging U.S. Americans.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento , Personalidade , Humanos , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atenção à Saúde , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde , Doença Crônica , Estudos Longitudinais
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